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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896447

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza fluorescent immunoassay (FIA) is widely used to identify influenza A and B, the diagnostic accuracy of this test remains unclear. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of this test compared to reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. @*Methods@#A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and a hierarchical summary receiver-operating characteristic curve (HSROC) of this test for identifying influenza A and B were determined using meta-analysis. A sensitivity subgroup analysis was performed to identify potential sources of heterogeneity within selected studies. @*Results@#We identified 17 studies involving 8,334 patients. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR of the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza FIA for identifying influenza A were 0.78 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71–0.83), 0.99 (95% CI, 0.98–0.99), and 251.26 (95% CI, 139.39–452.89), respectively. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR of this test for identifying influenza B were 0.72 (95% CI, 0.60–0.82), 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96–0.99), and 140.20 (95% CI, 55.92–351.54), respectively. The area under the HSROC for this test for identifying influenza A was similar to that for identifying influenza B. Age was considered a probable source of heterogeneity. @*Conclusion@#Pooled sensitivities of the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza FIA for identifying influenza A and B did not quite meet the target level (≥80%). Thus, caution is needed when interpreting data of this study due to substantial between-study heterogeneity.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904151

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza fluorescent immunoassay (FIA) is widely used to identify influenza A and B, the diagnostic accuracy of this test remains unclear. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of this test compared to reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. @*Methods@#A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and a hierarchical summary receiver-operating characteristic curve (HSROC) of this test for identifying influenza A and B were determined using meta-analysis. A sensitivity subgroup analysis was performed to identify potential sources of heterogeneity within selected studies. @*Results@#We identified 17 studies involving 8,334 patients. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR of the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza FIA for identifying influenza A were 0.78 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71–0.83), 0.99 (95% CI, 0.98–0.99), and 251.26 (95% CI, 139.39–452.89), respectively. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR of this test for identifying influenza B were 0.72 (95% CI, 0.60–0.82), 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96–0.99), and 140.20 (95% CI, 55.92–351.54), respectively. The area under the HSROC for this test for identifying influenza A was similar to that for identifying influenza B. Age was considered a probable source of heterogeneity. @*Conclusion@#Pooled sensitivities of the Quidel Sofia rapid influenza FIA for identifying influenza A and B did not quite meet the target level (≥80%). Thus, caution is needed when interpreting data of this study due to substantial between-study heterogeneity.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific therapeutic agents for IPF patients.@*METHODS@#We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) without language restriction until November 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality to end of study.@*RESULTS@#We analyzed 10 RCTs involving 2,124 patients, 1,274 of whom received PH-specific agents. In pooled estimates, the use of PH-specific agents was not significantly associated with reduced all-cause mortality to end of study compared with controls (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92, 1.06; P = 0.71; I² = 30%). When we performed subgroup analyses according to the type of PH-specific agent, sample size, age, forced vital capacity, diffusion lung capacity, and the extent of honeycombing, PH-specific agents also showed no significant association with a reduction in all-cause mortality. A small but significant improvement in quality of life, measured using the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire total score, was found in the PH-specific agent group (mean difference, −3.16 points; 95% CI, −5.34, −0.97; P = 0.005; I² = 0%). We found no significant changes from baseline in lung function, dyspnea, or exercise capacity. Serious adverse events were similar between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Although PH-specific agents provided small health-related quality-of-life benefits, our meta-analysis provides insufficient evidence to support their use in IPF patients.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899780

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There has been no consensus regarding the discontinuation order of vasopressors in patients recovering from septic shock treated with concomitant norepinephrine (NE) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypotension within 24 hours based on whether NE or AVP was discontinued first in order to determine the optimal sequence for discontinuation of vasopressors.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register. The primary end-point was incidence of hypotension within 24 hours after discontinuation of the first vasopressor.@*RESULTS@#We identified five studies comprising 930 patients, of whom 631 (67.8%) discontinued NE first and 299 (32.2%) discontinued AVP first. In pooled estimates, a random-effect model showed that discontinuation of NE first was associated with a significant reduction of the incidence of hypotension compared to discontinuing AVP first (31.8% vs. 54.8%; risk ratios, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.76; P = 0.008; I² = 90.7%). Although a substantial degree of heterogeneity existed among the trials, we could not identify the significant source of bias. In addition, there were no significant differences in intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, in-hospital mortality, 28-day mortality, or ICU length of stay between the groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Discontinuing NE prior to AVP was associated with a lower incidence of hypotension in patients recovering from septic shock. However, our results should be interpreted with caution, due to the considerable between-study heterogeneity.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892121

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific therapeutic agents for IPF patients.@*METHODS@#We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) without language restriction until November 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality to end of study.@*RESULTS@#We analyzed 10 RCTs involving 2,124 patients, 1,274 of whom received PH-specific agents. In pooled estimates, the use of PH-specific agents was not significantly associated with reduced all-cause mortality to end of study compared with controls (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92, 1.06; P = 0.71; I² = 30%). When we performed subgroup analyses according to the type of PH-specific agent, sample size, age, forced vital capacity, diffusion lung capacity, and the extent of honeycombing, PH-specific agents also showed no significant association with a reduction in all-cause mortality. A small but significant improvement in quality of life, measured using the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire total score, was found in the PH-specific agent group (mean difference, −3.16 points; 95% CI, −5.34, −0.97; P = 0.005; I² = 0%). We found no significant changes from baseline in lung function, dyspnea, or exercise capacity. Serious adverse events were similar between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Although PH-specific agents provided small health-related quality-of-life benefits, our meta-analysis provides insufficient evidence to support their use in IPF patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892076

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There has been no consensus regarding the discontinuation order of vasopressors in patients recovering from septic shock treated with concomitant norepinephrine (NE) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of hypotension within 24 hours based on whether NE or AVP was discontinued first in order to determine the optimal sequence for discontinuation of vasopressors.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register. The primary end-point was incidence of hypotension within 24 hours after discontinuation of the first vasopressor.@*RESULTS@#We identified five studies comprising 930 patients, of whom 631 (67.8%) discontinued NE first and 299 (32.2%) discontinued AVP first. In pooled estimates, a random-effect model showed that discontinuation of NE first was associated with a significant reduction of the incidence of hypotension compared to discontinuing AVP first (31.8% vs. 54.8%; risk ratios, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.76; P = 0.008; I² = 90.7%). Although a substantial degree of heterogeneity existed among the trials, we could not identify the significant source of bias. In addition, there were no significant differences in intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, in-hospital mortality, 28-day mortality, or ICU length of stay between the groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Discontinuing NE prior to AVP was associated with a lower incidence of hypotension in patients recovering from septic shock. However, our results should be interpreted with caution, due to the considerable between-study heterogeneity.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810964

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific therapeutic agents for IPF patients.METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) without language restriction until November 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality to end of study.RESULTS: We analyzed 10 RCTs involving 2,124 patients, 1,274 of whom received PH-specific agents. In pooled estimates, the use of PH-specific agents was not significantly associated with reduced all-cause mortality to end of study compared with controls (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92, 1.06; P = 0.71; I² = 30%). When we performed subgroup analyses according to the type of PH-specific agent, sample size, age, forced vital capacity, diffusion lung capacity, and the extent of honeycombing, PH-specific agents also showed no significant association with a reduction in all-cause mortality. A small but significant improvement in quality of life, measured using the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire total score, was found in the PH-specific agent group (mean difference, −3.16 points; 95% CI, −5.34, −0.97; P = 0.005; I² = 0%). We found no significant changes from baseline in lung function, dyspnea, or exercise capacity. Serious adverse events were similar between the two groups.CONCLUSION: Although PH-specific agents provided small health-related quality-of-life benefits, our meta-analysis provides insufficient evidence to support their use in IPF patients.


Subject(s)
Diffusion , Dyspnea , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Lung , Lung Volume Measurements , Mortality , Quality of Life , Sample Size , Treatment Outcome , Vasodilator Agents , Vital Capacity
8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831854

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although pneumococcal urinary antigen tests (PUATs) have universally been used for the diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia, data on the efficacy of these exams are limited. The objective of our study was to investigate the clinical impact of the PUAT in patients with community-onset pneumonia (CO-pneumonia). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with CO-pneumonia. Patients were classified according to their PUAT results and were matched using the propensity score-matching method. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. @*Results@#A total of 1,257 patients were identified and 163 (13.0%) demonstrated positive PUAT results. The sensitivity and specificity values of PUAT for overall pneumococcal pneumonia were 56.5% and 91.4%, respectively. In the full cohort, there were no significant differences in 30-day mortality between the two groups (6.1% in the positive PUAT group vs. 8.2% in the negative PUAT group, p = 0.357). However, in the propensity-matched cohort, the 30-day mortality rates were lower in the positive PUAT group (5.6% vs. 17.4%, p = 0.001). With respect to secondary outcomes, the proportion of patients with potentially drug-resistant pathogens, changes in antibiotics, and failure rates of initial antibiotic therapy were significantly lower in the positive PUAT group than in the negative PUAT group of the propensity-matched cohort. @*Conclusions@#We found that the sensitivity of the index test was low and specificity was high in this clinical setting. And our findings suggest that positive PUAT results may be associated with favorable clinical outcomes in patients with CO-pneumonia.

10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 211-218, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713101

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Molecular testing in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) aids in identifying oncogenic alterations. The aim of this study was to compare the rates of detection of oncogenic alterations and responsiveness to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) according to EGFR mutation status as determined by peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamping or direct sequencing (DS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. Data from included studies were pooled to yield summary sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio, and receiver operating characteristic curves. A meta-regression analysis was conducted to identify potential sources of heterogeneity between selected studies. RESULTS: We identified 10 studies comprising 924 patients. Oncogenic alterations were detected in 340 of 924 cases (36.8%) with PNA clamping and in 250 of 924 (27.1%) with DS. The pooled sensitivities of PNA clamping and DS were 0.93 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.90−0.95] and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.64−0.73), respectively. According to meta-regression analysis, none of the covariates were found to be significant sources of heterogeneity. With respect to treatment responses to EGFR-TKIs, there was no significant difference therein between EGFR mutations detected by PNA clamping and DS (53.4% vs. 50.8%; risk ratio, 0.99; 95% CI 0.83−1.19; p=0.874). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that PNA clamping has a higher sensitivity than DS for detecting oncogenic alterations in NSCLC. Our findings suggest that PNA clamping is a more useful method for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Constriction , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Mutation , Peptide Nucleic Acids/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sequence Analysis , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Translocation, Genetic
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 300-305, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715341

ABSTRACT

A 65-year-old male was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a right pleural effusion. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) revealed a huge central mass with right hilar and subcarinal lymph node conglomerates. An endobronchial mass was incidentally found in the right upper lobe bronchus, and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle biopsy of the mediastinal lymph nodes was thus also performed at the time of bronchoscopy. The two biopsies revealed squamous cell carcinoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), respectively. As the pathology of the mediastinal lymph nodes was unknown, the lung cancer could not be accurately staged. Thus, we treated the DLBCL; follow-up positron emission tomography/CT after two cycles of chemotherapy showed that the conglomerate mass had disappeared but the right upper lobe lesion remained. Lung cancer staging thus became more accurate and radical treatment could be considered. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a co-existing squamous cell carcinoma of the lung and DLBCL of the intrapulmonary lymph nodes.


Subject(s)
Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Epithelial Cells , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Male , Mediastinum , Pathology , Pleural Effusion
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196244

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A ground-glass nodule (GGN) represents early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. However, there is still no consensus for preoperative staging of GGNs. Therefore, we evaluated the need for the routine use of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scans and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during staging. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken in 72 patients with 74 GGNs of less than 3 cm in diameter, which were confirmed via surgery as malignancy, at the Samsung Medical Center between May 2010 and December 2011. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 59 years. The median GGN diameter was 18 mm. Pure and part-solid GGNs were identified in 35 (47.3%) and 39 (52.7%) cases, respectively. No mediastinal or distant metastasis was observed in these patients. In preoperative staging, all of the 74 GGNs were categorized as stage IA via chest CT scans. Additional PET/CT scans and brain MRIs classified 71 GGNs as stage IA, one as stage IIIA, and two as stage IV. However, surgery and additional diagnostic work-ups for abnormal findings from PET/CT scans classified 70 GGNs as stage IA, three as stage IB, and one as stage IIA. The chest CT scans did not differ from the combined modality of PET/CT scans and brain MRIs for the determination of the overall stage (94.6% vs. 90.5%; kappa value, 0.712). CONCLUSION: PET/CT scans in combination with brain MRIs have no additional benefit for the staging of patients with GGN lung adenocarcinoma before surgery.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Brain , Consensus , Electrons , Humans , Lung , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 209-215, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27049

ABSTRACT

Aspergillus tracheobronchitis (AT), an unusual form of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), is characterized by pseudomembrane formation, ulcer or obstruction that is predominantly confined to tracheobronchial tree. Hematologic malignancies, neutropenia, solid organ transplantation, chronic corticosteroid therapy and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are known to be major predisposing conditions. However, since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, there is only one reported case of AT in AIDS patient. After pandemic of influenza A/H1N1 2009, there are several reports of IPA in patient with influenza and most of them received corticosteroid or immunosuppressive therapy before the development of IPA. We present a 45 year-old AIDS patient with influenza A infection who developed pseudomembranous AT without corticosteroid use or immunosuppressive therapy.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Aspergillus , Bronchitis , Coinfection , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Influenza, Human , Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis , Neutropenia , Organ Transplantation , Pandemics , Transplants , Ulcer
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79648

ABSTRACT

The data regarding risk factors for death during tuberculosis (TB) treatment are inconsistent, and few studies examined this issue in Korea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate baseline prognostic factors for death during treatment of adult patients with pulmonary TB in Korea. A multicenter retrospective cohort study of 2,481 patients who received TB treatment at eight hospitals from January 2009 to December 2010 was performed. Successful treatment included cure (1,129, 45.5%) and treatment completion (1,204, 48.5%) in 2,333 patients (94.0%). Unsuccessful treatment included death (85, 3.4%) and treatment failure (63, 2.5%) occurred in 148 patients (6.0%). In multivariate analysis, male sex, anemia, dyspnea, chronic heart disease, malignancy, and intensive care unit (ICU) admission were significant risk factors for death during TB treatment. Therefore, male sex, anemia, dyspnea, chronic heart disease, malignancy, and ICU admission could be baseline prognostic factors for death during treatment of adult patients with pulmonary TB in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anemia/complications , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Dyspnea/complications , Female , Heart Diseases/complications , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms/complications , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis/complications
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20497

ABSTRACT

Here, we report a case of pleural paragonimiasis that was confused with tuberculous pleurisy. A 38-year-old man complained of a mild febrile sensation and pleuritic chest pain. Radiologic findings showed right pleural effusion with pleural thickening and subpleural consolidation. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in the pleural effusion was elevated (85.3 IU/L), whereas other examinations for tuberculosis were negative. At this time, the patient started empirical anti-tuberculous treatment. Despite 2 months of treatment, the pleural effusion persisted, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with pleural paragonimiasis based on the pathologic findings of chronic granulomatous inflammation containing Paragonimus eggs. This case suggested that pleural paragonimiasis should be considered when pleural effusion and elevated ADA levels are observed.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Deaminase , Adult , Chest Pain , Eggs , Humans , Inflammation , Ovum , Paragonimiasis , Paragonimus , Pleural Effusion , Sensation , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pleural
16.
Annals of Thoracic Medicine. 2013; 8 (2): 86-92
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-160803

ABSTRACT

Bronchoscopic intervention can provide immediate relief from suffocation and an opportunity for additional treatment in patients with malignant airway obstruction. However, few studies have specifically identified prognostic factors affecting the survival of advanced lung or esophageal cancer patients receiving bronchoscopic intervention. We aimed to investigate prognostic factors influencing survival in these patients. We conducted retrospective study. The clinical parameters were retrospectively reviewed in 51 patients [lung cancer: n=35; esophageal cancer: n= 16] who underwent palliative bronchoscopic interventions due to malignant airway. Bronchoscopic interventions, such as mechanical removal [n = 26], stenting [n = 31], laser cauterization [n= 19], and ballooning [n= 16], were performed on intraluminal [n = 21, 41%], extrinsic [n = 8, 16%], and combined lesions [n = 22, 43%]. Tracheal invasion was found in 24 patients [47%] Successful palliation was achieved in 49 patients [96%]. After the intervention, additional anti-cancer treatment was followed in 24 patients [47%]. The median survival time and overall survival rate were 3.4 months and 4%. Survival was increased with selected conditions, including a treatment-naive status [hazard ratio [HR], 0.359; confidence interval [Cl], 0.158-0.815; P= 0.01], an intact proximal airway [HR, 0.265; Cl, 0.095-0.738; P= 0.01], and post-procedural additional treatment [HR, 0.330; Cl, 0.166-0.657; P<0.01]. Brochoscopic intervention could provide immediate relief and survival improvement in advanced lung or esophageal cancer patients with selected conditions such as a treatment-naive status, an intact proximal airway, and available post-procedural additional treatment

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31660

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of lung disease caused by Mycobacterium lentiflavum in a previously healthy woman. A 54-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to chronic cough and sputum. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed bilateral bronchiectasis with bronchiolitis in the right middle lobe and the lingular division of the left upper lobe. Nontuberculous mycobacteria were isolated twice from three expectorated sputum specimens. All isolates were identified as M. lentiflavum by multilocus sequence analysis based on rpoB, hsp65, and 16S rRNA fragments. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented case of M. lentiflavum lung disease in an immunocompetent adult in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bronchiectasis , Bronchiolitis , Cough , Female , Humans , Korea , Lung , Lung Diseases , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Mycobacterium , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Sputum , Thorax
18.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : S214-S219, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209155

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm (PAP) is a rare complication of septic pneumonia. It is potentially fatal because of the risk of massive hemoptysis. Treatment of PAP involving massive hemoptysis is by embolization or surgery. However, the progression of PAP after embolization has not been reported. A 59-year-old male who was recovering from septic pneumonia experienced massive hemoptysis. Computed tomography (CT) revealed PAP of the right pulmonary artery with surrounding consolidation, suggesting active hemorrhage. The patient was successfully treated with embolization of the right pulmonary artery. During outpatient follow-up, the amount of radiopaque embolized material gradually decreased on chest radiography. At 14 months after embolization, both the PAP and embolized material had disappeared on chest CT.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Follow-Up Studies , Hemoptysis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outpatients , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Artery , Thorax
19.
Annals of Thoracic Medicine. 2010; 5 (2): 80-85
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes in patients with thoracic actinomycosis and identify patient characteristics associated with unfavorable responses to antibiotic therapy. A retrospective analysis was performed on 40 patients with pathologically confirmed thoracic actinomycosis. Initial surgical treatment was performed on 17 patients to control severe symptoms such as hemoptysis or rule out lung cancer. Sixteen [94%] patients were successfully treated, including three patients who did not receive postoperative antibiotics, and one patient died of a postoperative complication. The median duration of oral antibiotic therapy after surgery was 3 months. After the diagnosis of actinomycosis, 23 patients began antibiotic therapy. The median duration of oral antibiotics therapy was 5 months. Favorable treatment outcomes were achieved in 18 of these 23 patients [78%], while five [22%] showed unfavorable response to antibiotic therapy. Surgery was successfully performed in these five patients. The patients with unfavorable responses to antibiotic therapy had a longer duration of symptoms prior to treatment [median, 10 months] as compared to patients with favorable responses [median, 2 months; P=0.012]. Medical treatment failure is possible in patients with thoracic actinomycosis, and close monitoring is necessary in those who begin antibiotic therapy, with the consideration of the age and comorbid conditions


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lung Diseases , /pathology , Retrospective Studies , Actinomyces , Treatment Outcome , Actinomycosis/surgery
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27391

ABSTRACT

Deglutition syncope is a situational syncope that is diagnosed only by a detailed history. We report deglutition syncope in a 62-year-old man, who had permanent atrial fibrillation. The patient had no structural or functional abnormalities of the esophagus. During syncopal attacks, his electrocardiography showed ventricular asystole that was sustained for 12 seconds. The patient was successfully treated by implantation of a permanent pacemaker.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Deglutition , Electrocardiography , Esophagus , Heart Arrest , Humans , Middle Aged , Syncope
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