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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 948-955, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999783

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In the latest staging system of the American Joint Committee on Cancer for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCCC), solitary tumors with vascular invasion and multiple tumors are grouped together as T2. However, recent studies report that multifocal IHCCC has a worse prognosis than a single lesion. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for IHCCC and explore the prognostic significance of multiplicity after surgical resection. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 257 patients underwent surgery for IHCCC from 2010 to 2019 and the clinicopathological data were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factor analysis was performed to identify variables associated with survival after resection. Survival outcomes were compared between patients with solitary and multiple tumors. @*Results@#In multivariable analysis, the presence of preoperative symptoms, tumor size, lymph node ratio, multiplicity, and tumor differentiation were identified as risk factors for survival. Among 82 patients with T2, overall survival was significantly longer in patients with solitary tumors (sT2) than in those with multiple tumors (mT2) (p=0.017). Survival was compared among patients with stage II-sT2, stage II-mT2, and stage III. The stage II-sT2 group showed prolonged survival when compared with stage II-mT2 or stage III. Survivals of stage II-mT2 and stage III patients were not statistically different. @*Conclusion@#Tumor multiplicity was an independent risk factor for overall survival of IHCCC after surgical resection. Patients with multiple tumors showed poorer survival than patients with a single tumor. The oncologic significance of multiplicity in IHCCC should be reappraised and reflected in the next staging system update.

2.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 141-147, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999466

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) recipients in Korea are generally sicker due to an increasing organ shortage. In the present study, the risk factors for early 30-day liver graft failure after DDLT were identified. @*Methods@#From August 2017 to February 2021, 265 adult DDLTs were performed. The characteristics of patients with and without 30-day graft failure were compared. @*Results@#Liver graft failure occurred in 11 patients (17.7%) after DDLT. Baseline and perioperative characteristics of donors and recipients were not statistically significantly different between the 2 groups. The cumulative graft and overall survival rates at 6 months were 83.9% and 88.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed ventilator support in the pretransplant period was a predisposing factor for 30-day graft failure after DDLT. @*Conclusion@#Present study indicates that cautious decision is required when allocating DDLT in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilatory support.

3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 219-227, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999457

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The skeletal muscle index (SMI) at the L3 level is widely used to diagnose sarcopenia. The upper thigh (UT) also reflects changes in whole-body muscle mass, but no study has examined this using the UT to diagnose sarcopenia in liver transplantation (LT). This study aimed to determine an optimal cut-off value for UT-SMI and investigate how sarcopenia diagnosed by UT-SMI correlates with outcomes in LT recipients. @*Methods@#In this retrospective study of 332 LT patients from 2018 to 2020, we investigated the association between sarcopenia diagnosed by UT-SMI and patient outcomes after LT. @*Results@#The cut-off values for UT-SMI were 38.3 cm 2 /m 2 for females (area under the curve [AUC], 0.927; P < 0.001) and 46.7 cm 2 /m 2 for males (AUC, 0.898; P < 0.001). The prevalence of sarcopenia diagnosed by UT-SMI was 33.4% in our cohort. Patient and graft survival rates in the UT-SMI sarcopenia group were significantly poorer than those in the UT-SMI non-sarcopenia group (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001). UT-SMI was an independent prognostic factor for patient survival (hazard ratio [HR], 2.182; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.183–4.025; P = 0.012) and graft survival (HR, 2.227; 95% CI, 1.054–4704; P = 0.036) in our multivariable Cox analysis. @*Conclusion@#We confirmed that sarcopenia diagnosed by UT-SMI is associated with outcomes in LT recipients. In addition, UT-SMI was identified as an independent prognostic factor for patient survival and graft survival. Therefore, UT-SMI could be a good option for CT-based evaluations of sarcopenia in LT recipients.

4.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 348-357, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999433

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study evaluated the clinical implication of hepatic venous territory mapping in living donor liver transplantation. @*Methods@#Living donor liver transplantations performed using right graft since 2017 were included. Hepatic venous volume mapping was started in 2019. Risk factors for graft failure and overall survival were analyzed. Analysis for factors related to occlusion of reconstructed vein was performed. @*Results@#Among 445 patients included, 213 underwent hepatic venous mapping. Hepatic venous mapping itself was not a significant factor for graft (hazard ratio [HR], 0.958; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.441–2.082; P = 0.913) and overall survival (HR, 0.627; 95% CI, 0.315–1.247; P = 0.183). Inferior hepatic vein occlusion was a significant risk factor for both graft survival (HR, 8.795; 95% CI, 1.628–47.523; P = 0.012) and overall survival (HR, 11.13; 95% CI, 2.460–50.300; P = 0.002). In a subgroup with middle hepatic vein reconstruction, occlusion was a significant risk factor for overall survival (HR, 3.289;95% CI, 1.304–8.296; P = 0.012). In patients with middle hepatic vein reconstruction whose venous territory volumes were measured, right anterior volume of ≥300 cm 3 was protective for vein occlusion (OR, 0.317; 95% CI, 0.152–0.662; P = 0.002). In patients with V5 reconstruction, V5 volume of ≥150 cm 3 was protective for vein occlusion (OR, 0.253; 95% CI, 0.087–0.734; P = 0.011). @*Conclusion@#Inferior and middle hepatic vein reconstruction has significant impact on clinical outcome. Hepatic venous territory mapping can provide an objective measure for successful reconstruction of venous branches.

5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 195-204, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999415

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Liver fibrosis plays an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and determining its prognosis. Although many staging systems and liver reserve models have been developed without the intention of predicting prognosis of HCC, some studies have investigated their prognostic values in HCC after curative liver resection (LR). The aim of this study is to evaluate prognostic value of non-invasive biomarkers after curative LR. @*Methods@#Between 2006 and 2013, HCC patients underwent LR were included and total 962 patients were enrolled. All non-invasive biomarkers (fibrosis 4 index (FIB-4), aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), AAR-to-platelet ratio index (AARPRI), and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score) were measured at the time of HCC diagnosis. To binarize each biomarker, an optimal cut-off value for fibrosis stage was selected using the value of minimum distance from the left-upper corner of the receiver operating characteristic curve with a specificity >60%. We performed Cox regression analysis on 2-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). @*Results@#The area under curve values for FIB-4 and APRI were the largest for fibrosis stage compared to other biomarkers, 0.669 (95% confidential interval (CI), 0.610–0.719) and 0.748 (95% CI, 0.692–0.800), respectively. Between those two indices, FIB-4 is considered a statistically significant prognostic factor of RFS in HCC patients after LR. The HR for 2-year RFS and OS were 1.81 (95% CI, 1.18–2.77; P = 0.007) and 2.36 (95% CI, 0.99–5.65; P = 0.054), respectively. @*Conclusion@#FIB-4 is identified as a statistically significant predictor of HCC prognosis after curative LR even in HBV dominant populations.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e121-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976943

ABSTRACT

Background@#Liver transplant (LT) recipients were considered a vulnerable population during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The clinical efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine is unknown in immunocompromised patients. The purpose of this study was to provide evidence of antibody responses after COVID-19 vaccination in LT recipients. @*Methods@#This study enrolled 46 patients who underwent LT at Samsung Medical Center (Seoul, Korea) before implementation of the one-dose vaccine in Korea. Those who completed the two-dose COVID-19 vaccine between August 2021 and September 2021 were included and followed through December 2021. Semiquantitative anti-spike serologic testing was performed using the Roche Elecsys anti-SARS-CoV-2 S enzyme immunoassay (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkereuz, Switzerland) with a positive cutoff of at least 0.8 U/mL. @*Results@#Among all 46 participants, 40 (87%) demonstrated an antibody response after the second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, while six (13%) had no antibody response after the second dose. Upon univariate analysis, patients with higher antibody titer had longer years since LT (2.3 ± 2.8 vs. 9.4 ± 5.0, P < 0.001). A lower median tacrolimus (TAC) level before vaccination and after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccine indicated a significantly higher antibody response (2.3 [1.6–3.2] vs. 7.0 [3.7–7.8], P = 0.006, 2.5 [1.6–3.3] vs. 5.7 [4.2–7.2], P = 0.003). Period between 2nd vaccination and serologic testing was significantly higher in the antibody-response group compared to the no-antibody-response group (30.2 ± 24.0 vs. 65.9 ± 35.0, P = 0.012). A multivariate analysis of antibody responses revealed TAC level before vaccination as a statistically significant factor. @*Conclusion@#A higher TAC level before vaccination resulted in less effective vaccination in LT patients. Booster vaccinations are required, especially for patients in the early stage after LT who have compromised immune function.

7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 131-138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925516

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Early recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a challenging issue after hepatic resection (HR) because of the associated poor prognosis. Models for tumor recurrence after liver transplantation (MoRAL) have been designed to predict tumor recurrence in HCC patients in the liver transplantation setting. This study aimed to validate the predictability of MoRAL for HCC recurrence or patient death and to evaluate the predictors of early HCC recurrence in hepatectomy patients with treatment-naïve solitary HCC. @*Methods@#This study included 443 patients with HCC recurrence after HR from January 2005 to December 2011. Patients were stratified into early recurrence (n = 312) and late recurrence (n = 131) groups according to the development of recurrence either within or more than 2 years after hepatectomy. @*Results@#The median levels of alpha-fetoprotein and protein induced by vitamin K absence-II and the median MoRAL score were significantly higher in the early recurrence group than in the late recurrence group. Regarding pathologic characteristics, the median tumor size, prevalence of tumor grade 3 or 4, microvascular invasion, presence of tumor necrosis, and macrovascular invasion in the early recurrence group were greater than those in the late recurrence group.Multivariate analysis showed that tumor grade 3 or 4, microvascular invasion, and high preoperative MoRAL score were predisposing factors for early HCC recurrence after HR. @*Conclusion@#The MoRAL score can be used to predict early recurrence in patients with HCC who undergo curative HR.Using this model, other treatments could be considered for patients with early recurrence predicted after HR.

8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 1-9, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913537

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rare in HCV patients without cirrhosis, and little is known about the postoperative results of these patients. The present study compares the outcomes of cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic groups after liver resection (LR) in solitary HCV-related HCC patients and identifies risk factors for prognosis according to the presence or absence of cirrhosis in these patients. @*Methods@#Two hundred and 7 adult hepatectomy patients with treatment-naïve solitary HCV-related HCC were identified prospectively at our institution between July 2005 and May 2019. @*Results@#The non-cirrhotic group had better liver function than the cirrhotic group based on platelet count, liver function tests, liver stiffness measurement, and indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes but were older than the cirrhotic group. Consistently, noninvasive markers in the cirrhotic group were significantly higher than in the non-cirrhotic group. The cumulative disease-free survival and overall survival in the non-cirrhotic group were significantly higher than in the cirrhotic group. HCC recurrence was related to major LR and α-FP of >40 ng/mL and death was related to long hospitalization and α-FP of >40 ng/mL in multivariate analysis. Noninvasive markers and the presence of cirrhosis were not related to HCC recurrence or death in multivariate analyses. @*Conclusion@#The cirrhotic group showed poor prognosis due to poor liver function after LR compared to the non-cirrhotic group, but this was not sustained in multivariate analysis. The factors influencing HCC recurrence and death were different in the cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic groups.

9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 189-197, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875254

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Muscle depletion in patients undergoing liver transplantation affects the recipients’ prognosis and therefore cannot be overlooked. We aimed to evaluate whether changes in muscle and fat mass during the preoperative period are associated with prognosis after deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 72 patients who underwent DDLT and serial computed tomography (CT) scans.Skeletal muscle index (SMI) and fat mass index (FMI) were calculated using the muscle and fat area in CT performed 1 year prior to surgery (1 yr Pre-LT), just before surgery (Pre-LT), and after transplantation (Post-LT). Simple aspects of serial changes in muscle and fat mass were analyzed during three measurement time points. The rate of preoperative changes in body composition parameters were calculated (preoperative ΔSMI [%] = [SMI at Pre-LT - SMI at 1 yr Pre-LT] / SMI at Pre-LT x 100;preoperative ΔFMI [%] = [FMI at Pre-LT - FMI at 1 yr Pre-LT] / FMI at Pre-LT x 100) and assessed for correlation with patient survival. @*Results@#SMI significantly decreased during the preoperative period (mean preoperative ΔSMI, -13.04%, p < 0.001). In the multivariable analysis, preoperative ΔSMI (p = 0.016) and model for end-stage liver disease score (p = 0.011) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival. The mean survival time for patients with a threshold decrease in the preoperative ΔSMI (≤ -30%) was significantly shorter than for other patients (p = 0.007). Preoperative ΔFMI was not a prognostic factor but FMI increased during the postoperative period (p = 0.009) in all patients. @*Conclusion@#A large reduction in preoperative SMI was significantly associated with reduced survival after DDLT. Therefore, changes in muscle mass during the preoperative period can be considered as a prognostic factor for survival after DDLT.

10.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 603-615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897686

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive donors are used as an extended donor pool, and current guidelines recommend the usage of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) as prophylaxis for preventing de novo hepatitis B virus infection (DNH). We analyzed the long-term outcomes of a large cohort of liver transplantation (LT) patients receiving anti-HBc-positive grafts and evaluated the risk of DNH when hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) monotherapy was used as prophylaxis. We also compared the cost-effectiveness of HBIG and NAs. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 457 patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts and 898 patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts who underwent LT between January 2001 and December 2018. We compared recipient characteristics according to the anti-HBc status of the donor, and compared the costs of using NAs for the rest of the patient’s life and using HBIG to maintain hepatitis B surface antibody titers above 200 IU/L. @*Results@#The 1-, 5-, and 10-year patient survival rates were 87.7%, 73.5%, and 67.7%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, and 88.5%, 77.4%, and 70.3%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts (P=0.113). Among 457 recipients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, 117 (25.6%) were non-HBV recipients. The overall incidence of DNH was 0.9%. When using HBIG under insurance coverage, the cumulative cost was lower compared with using NA continuously without insurance coverage in Korea. @*Conclusions@#Anti-HBc-positive grafts alone do not affect patient survival or graft survival. HBIG monoprophylaxis has good outcomes for preventing DNH, and the patient’s long-term cost burden is low in Korea because of the national insurance system in this cohort.

11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 28-36, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896998

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was designed to analyze the risk factors for poor survival after recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma during the period of 2007 to 2018 were reviewed and patients who experienced recurrence were included. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard ratios were performed for potential risk factors for survival after recurrence. @*Results@#A total of 151 recipients experienced hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation. The median of the recurrence-free period was 9.3 months (0.89–97.25 months). The median follow-up after recurrence was 13.4 months (0.59–118.28 months). One-, 3-, and 5-year survival after recurrence were 65.2%, 34.0% and 20.5%, respectively.Multivariable Cox analysis showed that, graft from living donor (hazard ratio [HR], 0.430; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.210–0.882; P = 0.021), recurrence-free interval of ≥9 months (HR, 0.257; 95% CI, 0.164–0.403; P < 0.001), alphafetoprotein of ≥100 ng/mL at the time of recurrence (HR, 1.689; 95% CI, 1.059–2.695; P = 0.028), and recurrence in bone (HR, 2.304; 95% CI, 1.399–3.794; P = 0.001) and everolimus within 3 months after recurrence (HR, 0.354; 95% CI, 0.141–0.889; P = 0.027) were related to survival after recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Although survival was generally poor after recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma in liver transplantation recipients, prolonged survival can be achieved in certain patients with better prognostic factors.

12.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 85-92, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896991

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to determine the survival benefit based on different treatment strategies in patients with small, solitary, recurring intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) that were defined as recurred Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage O (reBCLC-O). @*Methods@#Among the 917 patients with HCC recurrence after primary hepatic resection, 394 patients with reBCLC-O were selected. Of these, 150 patients underwent curative treatment (re-resection, radiofrequency ablation, and liver transplantation) and 203 underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) group for recurrent HCC. After propensity score matching (PSM), both the groups were well balanced (89 patients in each group). @*Results@#Before PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients in the curative treatment group (96.7%, 78.6%, and 70.5%, respectively) were significantly better than those in the TACE treatment group (95.6%, 53.7%, and 44.2%, respectively) (P < 0.001). After PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates also differed significantly (92.0%, 79.6%, and 71.1% in the curative treatment group vs. 88.8%, 65.6%, and 57.9% in the TACE group) (P = 0.005). The independent predictors of worse OS were tumor number at the time of resection and treatment modality for the recurrence, time interval to recurrence, and prothrombin time international normalized ratio and alpha-fetoprotein levels at the time of recurrence. @*Conclusion@#The OS of patients in the curative treatment group was better than that in the non-curative treatment group after PSM. Based on our results, curative treatment should be strongly recommended in the patients with reBCLC-O recurrence for better survival.

13.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 235-245, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896980

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To lessen the physical, cosmetic, and psychological burden of donors, purely laparoscopic donor hepatectomy (PLDH) has been proposed as an ideal method for living donors. Our study aimed to prospectively compare the effect of PLDH and 2 other types of open living donor hepatectomy (OLDH) on postoperative pain and recovery. @*Methods@#Sixty donors scheduled to undergo donor hepatectomy between March 2015 and November 2017 were included.Donors were divided into 3 groups by surgical technique: OLDH with a subcostal incision (n = 20), group S; OLDH with an upper midline incision (n = 20), group M; and PLDH (n = 20), group L. The primary outcomes were postoperative pain and analgesic requirement during postoperative day (POD) 3. Other variables regarding postoperative recovery were also analyzed. @*Results@#Although pain relief during POD 3, assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) score and analgesic requirement, was similar among the 3 groups, group L showed lower VAS scores and opioid requirements than group M. Moreover, group L was associated with a rapid postoperative recovery evidenced by the shorter hospital length of stay and more frequent return to normal activity on POD 30. @*Conclusion@#This pilot study failed to verify the hypothesis that PLDH reduces postoperative pain. PLDH did not reduce postoperative pain but showed faster recovery than OLDH.

14.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 87-91, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892560

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular adenoma is a benign tumor of the liver occurring predominantly in young women taking oral contraceptives. The malignant transformation of hepatocellular adenoma into hepatocellular carcinoma has rarely been reported. Herein, we report the case of an elderly male patient with hepatocellular carcinoma that developed from hepatocellular adenoma. The patient’s high risk for surgery and conflicting biopsy and imaging results made it difficult to determine the treatment direction. Eventually, the mass was completely removed by laparoscopic left hemi-hepatectomy without complications.

15.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 603-615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889982

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive donors are used as an extended donor pool, and current guidelines recommend the usage of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) as prophylaxis for preventing de novo hepatitis B virus infection (DNH). We analyzed the long-term outcomes of a large cohort of liver transplantation (LT) patients receiving anti-HBc-positive grafts and evaluated the risk of DNH when hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) monotherapy was used as prophylaxis. We also compared the cost-effectiveness of HBIG and NAs. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 457 patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts and 898 patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts who underwent LT between January 2001 and December 2018. We compared recipient characteristics according to the anti-HBc status of the donor, and compared the costs of using NAs for the rest of the patient’s life and using HBIG to maintain hepatitis B surface antibody titers above 200 IU/L. @*Results@#The 1-, 5-, and 10-year patient survival rates were 87.7%, 73.5%, and 67.7%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, and 88.5%, 77.4%, and 70.3%, respectively, in patients with anti-HBc-negative grafts (P=0.113). Among 457 recipients with anti-HBc-positive grafts, 117 (25.6%) were non-HBV recipients. The overall incidence of DNH was 0.9%. When using HBIG under insurance coverage, the cumulative cost was lower compared with using NA continuously without insurance coverage in Korea. @*Conclusions@#Anti-HBc-positive grafts alone do not affect patient survival or graft survival. HBIG monoprophylaxis has good outcomes for preventing DNH, and the patient’s long-term cost burden is low in Korea because of the national insurance system in this cohort.

16.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 28-36, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889294

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was designed to analyze the risk factors for poor survival after recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after liver transplantation. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma during the period of 2007 to 2018 were reviewed and patients who experienced recurrence were included. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard ratios were performed for potential risk factors for survival after recurrence. @*Results@#A total of 151 recipients experienced hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver transplantation. The median of the recurrence-free period was 9.3 months (0.89–97.25 months). The median follow-up after recurrence was 13.4 months (0.59–118.28 months). One-, 3-, and 5-year survival after recurrence were 65.2%, 34.0% and 20.5%, respectively.Multivariable Cox analysis showed that, graft from living donor (hazard ratio [HR], 0.430; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.210–0.882; P = 0.021), recurrence-free interval of ≥9 months (HR, 0.257; 95% CI, 0.164–0.403; P < 0.001), alphafetoprotein of ≥100 ng/mL at the time of recurrence (HR, 1.689; 95% CI, 1.059–2.695; P = 0.028), and recurrence in bone (HR, 2.304; 95% CI, 1.399–3.794; P = 0.001) and everolimus within 3 months after recurrence (HR, 0.354; 95% CI, 0.141–0.889; P = 0.027) were related to survival after recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Although survival was generally poor after recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma in liver transplantation recipients, prolonged survival can be achieved in certain patients with better prognostic factors.

17.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 85-92, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889287

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to determine the survival benefit based on different treatment strategies in patients with small, solitary, recurring intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) that were defined as recurred Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage O (reBCLC-O). @*Methods@#Among the 917 patients with HCC recurrence after primary hepatic resection, 394 patients with reBCLC-O were selected. Of these, 150 patients underwent curative treatment (re-resection, radiofrequency ablation, and liver transplantation) and 203 underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) group for recurrent HCC. After propensity score matching (PSM), both the groups were well balanced (89 patients in each group). @*Results@#Before PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients in the curative treatment group (96.7%, 78.6%, and 70.5%, respectively) were significantly better than those in the TACE treatment group (95.6%, 53.7%, and 44.2%, respectively) (P < 0.001). After PSM, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates also differed significantly (92.0%, 79.6%, and 71.1% in the curative treatment group vs. 88.8%, 65.6%, and 57.9% in the TACE group) (P = 0.005). The independent predictors of worse OS were tumor number at the time of resection and treatment modality for the recurrence, time interval to recurrence, and prothrombin time international normalized ratio and alpha-fetoprotein levels at the time of recurrence. @*Conclusion@#The OS of patients in the curative treatment group was better than that in the non-curative treatment group after PSM. Based on our results, curative treatment should be strongly recommended in the patients with reBCLC-O recurrence for better survival.

18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 235-245, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889276

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To lessen the physical, cosmetic, and psychological burden of donors, purely laparoscopic donor hepatectomy (PLDH) has been proposed as an ideal method for living donors. Our study aimed to prospectively compare the effect of PLDH and 2 other types of open living donor hepatectomy (OLDH) on postoperative pain and recovery. @*Methods@#Sixty donors scheduled to undergo donor hepatectomy between March 2015 and November 2017 were included.Donors were divided into 3 groups by surgical technique: OLDH with a subcostal incision (n = 20), group S; OLDH with an upper midline incision (n = 20), group M; and PLDH (n = 20), group L. The primary outcomes were postoperative pain and analgesic requirement during postoperative day (POD) 3. Other variables regarding postoperative recovery were also analyzed. @*Results@#Although pain relief during POD 3, assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) score and analgesic requirement, was similar among the 3 groups, group L showed lower VAS scores and opioid requirements than group M. Moreover, group L was associated with a rapid postoperative recovery evidenced by the shorter hospital length of stay and more frequent return to normal activity on POD 30. @*Conclusion@#This pilot study failed to verify the hypothesis that PLDH reduces postoperative pain. PLDH did not reduce postoperative pain but showed faster recovery than OLDH.

19.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 257-265, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913516

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Little is known about liver resection (LR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients older than 75 years of age. This study aimed to compare the postoperative and long-term outcomes of hepatectomy in this patient population according to operation period. @*Methods@#This study included 130 elderly patients who underwent LR for solitary treatment-naïve HCC between November 1998 and March 2020. Group 1 included patients who underwent LR before 2016 (n = 68) and group 2 included those who underwent LR during or after 2016 (n = 62). @*Results@#The proportion of major LR, anatomical LR, and laparoscopic LR (LLR) in group 1 was significantly lower than those in group 2. Also, the median operation time, amount of blood loss, hospitalization length, rates of intraoperative blood transfusion, and complications in group 2 were less than those in group 1. In the subgroup analysis of group 1, high proteins induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II, long hospitalization, and LLR were closely associated with mortality. In the subgroup analysis of group 2, however, none of the factors increased mortality. Nevertheless, the presence of tumor grade 3 or 4 and the incidence of microvascular invasion were higher in group 1 than in group 2, and the disease-free survival and overall survival were better in group 2 than in group 1 because of minimized blood loss and quicker recovery period by increased surgical techniques and anatomical approach, and LLR. @*Conclusion@#LR in elderly HCC patients has been frequently performed recently, and the outcomes have improved significantly compared to the past.

20.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 87-91, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900264

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular adenoma is a benign tumor of the liver occurring predominantly in young women taking oral contraceptives. The malignant transformation of hepatocellular adenoma into hepatocellular carcinoma has rarely been reported. Herein, we report the case of an elderly male patient with hepatocellular carcinoma that developed from hepatocellular adenoma. The patient’s high risk for surgery and conflicting biopsy and imaging results made it difficult to determine the treatment direction. Eventually, the mass was completely removed by laparoscopic left hemi-hepatectomy without complications.

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