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1.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 133-138, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000729

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The speech tests used to evaluate language performance in patients with bilateral deafness (BiD) and cochlear implant (CI) are problematic if applied to patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) because normal ear hearing should be excluded. Thus, we investigated the feasibility of using wireless connection to evaluate speech intelligibility of the CI ear in patients with SSD. @*Subjects and Methods@#Patients with BiD and SSD were administered the word recognition scores (WRS) and speech intelligibility tests using an iPadbased wireless connection and conventional methods. To exclude normal side hearing in patients with SSD, masking noise and “plugged and muffed” method were used in the WRS and speech intelligibility tests, respectively. @*Results@#In patients with BiD, the WRS and speech intelligibility tests results using wireless connection and conventional methods were similar. In patients with SSD, the WRS using masking noise in the normal hearing ear was similar to that of using wireless connection. However, 3 of 11 patients with SSD showed under-masked results if using the “plugged and muffed” method. @*Conclusions@#Speech intelligibility testing using wireless connection is a convenient and reliable method for evaluating CI performance in patients with SSD. The “plugged and muffed” method is not recommended for evaluating CI performance in patients with SSD.

2.
Healthcare Informatics Research ; : 323-333, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000455

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Systematic evaluations of the benefits of health information technology (HIT) play an essential role in enhancing healthcare quality by improving outcomes. However, there is limited empirical evidence regarding the benefits of IT adoption in healthcare settings. This study aimed to review the benefits of artificial intelligence (AI), the internet of things (IoT), and personal health records (PHR), based on scientific evidence. @*Methods@#The literature published in peer-reviewed journals between 2016 and 2022 was searched for systematic reviews and meta-analysis studies using the PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases. Manual searches were also performed using the reference lists of systematic reviews and eligible studies from major health informatics journals. The benefits of each HIT were assessed from multiple perspectives across four outcome domains. @*Results@#Twenty-four systematic review or meta-analysis studies on AI, IoT, and PHR were identified. The benefits of each HIT were assessed and summarized from a multifaceted perspective, focusing on four outcome domains: clinical, psycho-behavioral, managerial, and socioeconomic. The benefits varied depending on the nature of each type of HIT and the diseases to which they were applied. @*Conclusions@#Overall, our review indicates that AI and PHR can positively impact clinical outcomes, while IoT holds potential for improving managerial efficiency. Despite ongoing research into the benefits of health IT in line with advances in healthcare, the existing evidence is limited in both volume and scope. The findings of our study can help identify areas for further investigation.

3.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 153-159, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925730

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Noise exposure leads to an increase in the macrophage population. This increment is thought to be caused by the transformation of infiltrated monocytes into macrophages rather than by proliferation of the cochlear resident macrophages. However, studies on infiltrated monocytes in the cochlea are scarce. Thus, we aimed to investigate the infiltration of monocytes and their transformation into macrophages after noise exposure. @*Methods@#. In wild-type and CX3CR1+/GFP C57/B6 mice, inflammatory monocytes were identified by immunofluorescence of mouse cochlear cells. The findings were confirmed and quantitated by flow cytometry. @*Results@#. One day after noise exposure, monocytes were identified in the spiral ligament. Flow cytometric analysis confirmed that the monocyte population peaked on post-noise exposure day 1 and decreased thereafter. On day 3 after noise exposure, amoeboid-type macrophages increased in the crista basilaris, and on day 5, they spread to the basilar membrane. @*Conclusion@#. Infiltrated monocytes were successfully observed 1 day after noise exposure, preceding the increase in the macrophage population. This finding supports the proposal that infiltrated monocytes transform into macrophages.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 69-76, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925717

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to evaluate the user satisfaction, efficacy, and safety of round window (RW) vibroplasty using the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) in patients with persistent mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy. @*Methods@#. The study included 27 patients (mean age, 58.7 years; age range, 28–76 years; 11 men and 16 women) with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy from 15 tertiary referral centers in Korea. The VSB was implanted at the RW. The Korean translation of the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire and the Korean version of the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (K-IOI-HA) questionnaire were used to evaluate user satisfaction as the primary outcome. The secondary outcome measures were audiological test results and complication rates. @*Results@#. The mean scores for ease of communication (61.3% to 29.7% to 30.2%), reverberation (62.1% to 43.1% to 37.4%), and background noise (63.3% to 37.7% to 34.3%) subscales of the APHAB questionnaire significantly decreased after VSB surgery. The mean K-IOI-HA scores at 3 and 6 months after surgery were significantly higher than the mean preoperative score (18.6 to 27.2 to 28.1). The postoperative VSB-aided thresholds were significantly lower than the preoperative unaided and hearing aid (HA)-aided thresholds. There was no significant difference between preoperative unaided, preoperative HA-aided, and postoperative VSB-aided maximum phonetically balanced word-recognition scores. None of the 27 patients experienced a change in postoperative bone conduction pure tone average. One patient developed temporary facial palsy and two developed surgical wound infections. @*Conclusion@#. RW vibroplasty resulted in improved satisfaction and audiological test results in patients with mixed hearing loss after mastoidectomy, and the complication rate was tolerable.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 77-83, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925715

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Common cavity deformity is a rare congenital bony labyrinth malformation associated with profound hearing loss. Cochlear implants are widely used for hearing rehabilitation for common cavity deformities; however, the reported prognosis is poor. Due to the deformed anatomical structure, it is important to consider the position of the electrodes to maximize the performance of the cochlear implant. The present study discusses the impact of electrode placement on hearing outcomes. @*Methods@#. A retrospective medical chart review of eight common cavity deformity patients (10 cochlear implants) who received cochlear implants was performed at a single university hospital. In all eight patients, implant surgery was performed using single-slit labyrinthotomy. Electrodes wer e manually bent before insertion to prevent misplacement and to reduce physical damage to the neuroepithelium. @*Results@#. Four of the 10 electrodes were misplaced, with their tips placed in the anterior semicircular canal or internal auditory canal. However, after implant surgery, all patients—including those with misplaced electrodes—gained auditory perception and improved hearing function. One patient who had electrodes that did not contact the inner wall of the cavity showed limited activity of the electrodes (27%) compared to others (64%–100%). @*Conclusion@#. Proper contact of the electrode with the inner wall was more likely to be important for cochlear implant success in cases of common cavity deformity than appropriate placement of the electrode tip.

6.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 416-420, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903380

ABSTRACT

Hazardous area classification design is required to reduce the explosion risk in process plants. Among the international design guidelines, only IEC 60079-10-1 proposes a new type of zone, namely zone 2 NE, to prevent explosion hazards. We studied how to meet the zone 2 NE grade for a facility handling hydrogen gas, which is considered as most dangerous among explosive gases. Zone 2 NE can be achieved considering the grade of release, as well as the availability and effectiveness of ventilation, which are factors indicative of the facility condition and its surroundings. In the present study, we demonstrate that zone 2 NE can be achieved when the degree of ventilation is high by accessing temperature, pressure, and size of leak hole. The release characteristic can be derived by substituting the process condition of the hydrogen gas facility. The equations are summarized considering relation of the operating temperature, operating pressure, and size of leak hole. Through this relationship, the non-hazardous condition can be realized from the perspective of inherent safety by the combination of each parameter before the initial design of the hydrogen gas facility.

7.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 110-114, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914773

ABSTRACT

We report a case of hearing rehabilitation following combined cochlear implantation and ossiculoplasty. A 71-year-old patient visited the clinic for right-sided mixed hearing loss. We targeted neural and conductive components, performing two different operations simultaneously. At two months post-operative, the patient showed satisfactory results with respect to hearing threshold and speech comprehension. Our experience suggests that careful evaluation of patients and consideration of the diverse array of available treatment strategies can be used to provide personalized rehabilitation with maximal effectiveness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to take such an integrated approach to treat hearing impairment and is thus likely to have clinical importance for otologists.

8.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 179-184, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897601

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Resident macrophages are well known to be present in the cochlea, but the exact patterns thereof in spiral ligaments have not been discussed in previous studies. We sought to document the distribution of macrophages in intact cochleae using three-dimensional imaging. @*Methods@#. Cochleae were obtained from C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1+/GFP mice, and organ clearing was performed. Three-dimensional images of cleared intact cochleae were reconstructed using two-photon microscopy. The locations of individual macrophages were investigated using 100-μm stacked images to reduce bias. Cochlear inflammation was then induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into the middle ear through the tympanic membrane. Four days after inoculation, three-dimensional images were obtained. @*Results@#. Macrophages were scarce in areas adjacent to the stria vascularis, particularly the area just beneath it even though many have suspected macrophages to be abundant in this area. This finding remained consistent upon LPS-induced cochlear inflammation, despite a significant increase in the number of macrophages, compared to non-treated cochlea. @*Conclusion@#. Resident macrophages in spiral ligaments are scarce in areas adjacent to the stria vascularis.

9.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 416-420, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895676

ABSTRACT

Hazardous area classification design is required to reduce the explosion risk in process plants. Among the international design guidelines, only IEC 60079-10-1 proposes a new type of zone, namely zone 2 NE, to prevent explosion hazards. We studied how to meet the zone 2 NE grade for a facility handling hydrogen gas, which is considered as most dangerous among explosive gases. Zone 2 NE can be achieved considering the grade of release, as well as the availability and effectiveness of ventilation, which are factors indicative of the facility condition and its surroundings. In the present study, we demonstrate that zone 2 NE can be achieved when the degree of ventilation is high by accessing temperature, pressure, and size of leak hole. The release characteristic can be derived by substituting the process condition of the hydrogen gas facility. The equations are summarized considering relation of the operating temperature, operating pressure, and size of leak hole. Through this relationship, the non-hazardous condition can be realized from the perspective of inherent safety by the combination of each parameter before the initial design of the hydrogen gas facility.

10.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 179-184, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889897

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Resident macrophages are well known to be present in the cochlea, but the exact patterns thereof in spiral ligaments have not been discussed in previous studies. We sought to document the distribution of macrophages in intact cochleae using three-dimensional imaging. @*Methods@#. Cochleae were obtained from C-X3-C motif chemokine receptor 1+/GFP mice, and organ clearing was performed. Three-dimensional images of cleared intact cochleae were reconstructed using two-photon microscopy. The locations of individual macrophages were investigated using 100-μm stacked images to reduce bias. Cochlear inflammation was then induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into the middle ear through the tympanic membrane. Four days after inoculation, three-dimensional images were obtained. @*Results@#. Macrophages were scarce in areas adjacent to the stria vascularis, particularly the area just beneath it even though many have suspected macrophages to be abundant in this area. This finding remained consistent upon LPS-induced cochlear inflammation, despite a significant increase in the number of macrophages, compared to non-treated cochlea. @*Conclusion@#. Resident macrophages in spiral ligaments are scarce in areas adjacent to the stria vascularis.

11.
Electrolytes & Blood Pressure ; : 10-15, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898127

ABSTRACT

Voriconazole, a triazole antifungal agent used to treat serious fungal infections, has a pharmacokinetic characteristic of undergoing hepatic metabolism by the cytochrome P450 system. Few cases of hyperkalemia have been reported, which presented only when the serum voriconazole level was exceptionally elevated by drugdrug interactions. Additionally, azole antifungals may interfere with the biosynthesis of adrenal steroids and therefore can predispose patients to aldosterone deficiency. However, it is unclear whether voriconazole itself can induce hypoaldosteronism or hyperkalemia. Here, we report a case of voriconazole-induced hyperkalemia in a patient administered concurrent medications to treat comorbidities. Voriconazole was orally administered for pulmonary aspergillosis, and three episodes of severe hyperkalemia recurred, which improved with emergency treatment. In the first episode, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors were associated. We found that dronedarone might have increased the voriconazole level in the second episode. At that time, severe hypercalcemia was concurrent, which improved with acute hemodialysis and eliminating dronedarone. Finally, severe hyperkalemia recurred without concurrent medications known to interact with voriconazole. Upon switching from voriconazole to itraconazole, the hyperkalemia was resolved. Drug level monitoring is necessary when voriconazole is used. Genetic susceptibility, such as through CYP2C19 polymorphism, may be investigated for patients with adverse reactions to voriconazole.

12.
Electrolytes & Blood Pressure ; : 10-15, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890423

ABSTRACT

Voriconazole, a triazole antifungal agent used to treat serious fungal infections, has a pharmacokinetic characteristic of undergoing hepatic metabolism by the cytochrome P450 system. Few cases of hyperkalemia have been reported, which presented only when the serum voriconazole level was exceptionally elevated by drugdrug interactions. Additionally, azole antifungals may interfere with the biosynthesis of adrenal steroids and therefore can predispose patients to aldosterone deficiency. However, it is unclear whether voriconazole itself can induce hypoaldosteronism or hyperkalemia. Here, we report a case of voriconazole-induced hyperkalemia in a patient administered concurrent medications to treat comorbidities. Voriconazole was orally administered for pulmonary aspergillosis, and three episodes of severe hyperkalemia recurred, which improved with emergency treatment. In the first episode, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors were associated. We found that dronedarone might have increased the voriconazole level in the second episode. At that time, severe hypercalcemia was concurrent, which improved with acute hemodialysis and eliminating dronedarone. Finally, severe hyperkalemia recurred without concurrent medications known to interact with voriconazole. Upon switching from voriconazole to itraconazole, the hyperkalemia was resolved. Drug level monitoring is necessary when voriconazole is used. Genetic susceptibility, such as through CYP2C19 polymorphism, may be investigated for patients with adverse reactions to voriconazole.

13.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 135-139, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764220

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the educational status in bilateral prelingual deaf children with a cochlear implant (CI), also known as early cochlear implantees (CIs). Type of schooling and enrollment rate of tertiary education were analyzed as primary results. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants in this study comprised a highly homogeneous group of deaf patients who underwent cochlear implantation at a similar age. Sixty-four Korean patients were enrolled. Statistical data for disabled populations and the general population were obtained from the National Statistics Korea. RESULTS: Among 64 patients, 46, 8, and 10 attended mainstream, integrated, and special schools, respectively. Notably, there was a significant difference in the type of school between hearing-impaired and CI groups (p=0.007). Ten of 13 patients enrolled in tertiary education. CONCLUSIONS: CI users were more likely than hearing impaired students to attend mainstream school. The enrollment rate of CI users in tertiary education was the same as that of the general population.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Education , Educational Status , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Korea
14.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 112-117, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of revision cochlear implant (CI) surgery for better speech comprehension targeting patients with low satisfaction after first CI surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eight patients who could not upgrade speech processors because of an too early CI model and who wanted to change the whole system were included. After revision CI surgery, we compared speech comprehension before and after revision CI surgery. Categoies of Auditory Performance (CAP) score, vowel and consonant confusion test, Ling 6 sounds, word and sentence identification test were done. RESULTS: The interval between surgeries ranged from eight years to 19 years. Same manufacturer’s latest product was used for revision surgery in six cases of eight cases. Full insertion of electrode was possible in most of cases (seven of eight). CAP score (p-value=0.01), vowel confusion test (p-value=0.041), one syllable word identification test (p-value=0.026), two syllable identification test (p-value=0.028), sentence identification test (pvalue=0.028) had significant improvement. Consonant confusion test (p-value=0.063), Ling 6 sound test (p-value=0.066) had improvement but it is not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Although there are some limitations of our study design, we could identify the effect of revision (upgrade) CI surgery indirectly. So we concluded that if patient complain low functional gain or low satisfaction after first CI surgery, revision (device upgrade) CI surgery is meaningful even if there is no device failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cochlear Implants , Comprehension , Electrodes , Equipment Failure
15.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 163-168, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES.: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is considered one of the most common causative factors of hearing loss. Preterm infants are more vulnerable to neuronal damage caused by hyperbilirubinemia. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hyperbilirubinemia on hearing threshold and auditory pathway in preterm infants by serial auditory brainstem response (ABR). In addition, we evaluate the usefulness of the unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) level compared with total serum bilirubin (TSB) on bilirubin-induced hearing loss. METHODS.: This study was conducted on 70 preterm infants with hyperbilirubinemia who failed universal newborn hearing screening by automated ABR. The diagnostic ABR was performed within 3 months after birth. Follow-up ABR was conducted in patients with abnormal results (30 cases). TSB and UCB concentration were compared according to hearing threshold by ABR. RESULTS.: The initial and maximal measured UCB concentration for the preterm infants of diagnostic ABR ≥40 dB nHL group (n=30) were statistically higher compared with ABR ≤35 dB nHL group (n=40) (P=0.031 and P=0.003, respectively). In follow-up ABR examination, 13 of the ABR ≥40 dB nHL group showed complete recovery, but 17 had no change or worsened. There was no difference in bilirubin level between the recovery group and non-recovery group. CONCLUSION.: UCB is a better predictor of bilirubin-induced hearing loss than TSB in preterm infants as evaluated by serial ABR. Serial ABR testing can be a useful, noninvasive methods to evaluate early reversible bilirubin-induced hearing loss in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Auditory Pathways , Bilirubin , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Follow-Up Studies , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Infant, Premature , Mass Screening , Neurons , Parturition
16.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 208-218, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939366

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The anatomy of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms has been noted to be unfavorable for endovascular treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of coiling for MCA aneurysms.@*METHODS@#From January 2004 to December 2015, 72 MCA aneurysms (38 unruptured and 34 ruptured) in 67 patients were treated with coils. Treatment-related complications, clinical outcomes, and immediate and follow-up angiographic outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Aneurysms were located at the MCA bifurcation (n=60), 1st segment (M1, n=8), and 2nd segment (M2, n=4). Sixty-nine aneurysms (95.8%) were treated by neck remodeling techniques using multi-catheter (n=44), balloon (n=14), stent (n=8), or combination of these (n=3). Only 3 aneurysms were treated by single-catheter technique. Angiographic results were 66 (91.7%) complete, 5 (6.9%) remnant neck, and 1 (1.4%) incomplete occlusion. Procedural complications included aneurysm rupture (n=1), asymptomatic coil migration to the distal vessel (n=1), and acute thromboembolism (n=10) consisting of 8 asymptomatic and 2 symptomatic events. Treatment-related permanent morbidity and mortality rates were 4.5% and 3.0%, respectively. There was no bleeding on clinical follow-up (mean, 29 months; range, 6-108 months). Follow-up angiographic results (mean, 26 months; range, 6-96 months) in patients included 1 major and 3 minor recanalizations.@*CONCLUSION@#Coiling of MCA aneurysms could be a technically feasible and clinically effective treatment strategy with acceptable angiographic and clinical outcomes. However, the safety and efficacy of this technique as compared to surgical clipping remains to be ascertained.

17.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 16-19, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939338

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study compared the following three endoscopic techniques used to treat bladder stones: transurethral cystoscope used with a pneumatic lithoclast or nephroscope used with a pneumatic lithoclast and nephroscope used with an ultrasonic lithoclast.@*METHODS@#Between January 2013 and May 2016, 107 patients with bladder stones underwent endoscopic treatment. Patients were classified into three groups based on the endoscopic techniques and energy modalities used in each group as: group 1 (transurethral stone removal using a cystoscope with pneumatic lithoclast), group 2 (transurethral stone removal using a nephroscope with pneumatic lithoclast), and group 3 (transurethral stone removal using a nephroscope with ultrasonic lithoclast). Baseline and perioperative data were retrospectively com-pared between three groups.@*RESULTS@#No statistically significant intergroup differences were observed in age, sex ratio, and stone size. A statistically significant intergroup difference was observed in the operation time—group 1, 71.3±46.6 min; group 2, 33.0±13.7 min; and group 3, 24.6±8.0 min. All patients showed complete stone clearance. The number of urethral entries was higher in group 1 than in the other groups. Significant complications did not occur in any patient.@*CONCLUSION@#Nephroscopy scores over cystoscopy for the removal of bladder stones with respect to operation time. Ultrasonic lithoclast is a safe and efficacious modality that scores over a pneumatic lithoclast with respect to the operation time.

18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 326-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738790

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe our early to mid-term experience with transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure using the Occlutech Figulla® Flex II device (FSO), Gore® Cardioform septal occluder (GSO), and Amplatzer® septal occluder (ASO) after they were first approved in Korea in 2014, and to compare the three aforementioned kinds of ASD closure devices. METHODS: Between September 2014 and August 2016, 267 patients underwent transcatheter ASD closure in our institution. Baseline characteristics, hemodynamic features, comorbidities, and procedural success and complication rates were analyzed retrospectively. The unpaired Student t-test or variance analysis was used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The FSO was most commonly used (n=152, 56.9%), followed by the ASO (n=98, 36.7%) and GSO (n=17, 6.4%). Baseline characteristics and hemodynamic features were similar between the devices, except that the defect size and pulmonary flow-to-systemic flow ratio were lower in the GSO group than in the other groups. Overall, the procedural success rate remained at 100%, and major complication rate was < 1%. No late complication occurred during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The FSO and GSO are feasible, safe options for use in transcatheter ASD closure, and they are comparable to the ASO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Comorbidity , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Hemodynamics , Korea , Retrospective Studies , Septal Occluder Device
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1334-1341, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate flow pattern characteristics in the ascending aorta (AA) with four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI and to determine predictors of aortic dilatation late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 44 patients with repaired TOF (25 males and 19 females; mean age, 28.9 ± 8.4 years) and 11 volunteers (10 males and 1 female, mean age, 33.7 ± 8.8 years) who had undergone 4D-flow MRI. The aortic diameters, velocity, wall shear stress (WSS), flow jet angle (FJA), and flow displacement (FD) at the level of the sinotubular junction (STJ) and mid-AA were compared between the repaired TOF and volunteer groups. The hemodynamic and clinical parameters were also compared between the aortic dilatation and non-dilatation subgroups in the repaired TOF group. RESULTS: The diameters of the sinus of Valsalva, STJ, and AA were significantly higher in the repaired TOF group than in the volunteer group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p = 0.013, respectively). The FJAs at the STJ and AA were significantly greater in the repaired TOF group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively), while velocities and WSS parameters were significantly lower. FD showed no statistically significant difference (p = 0.817). In subgroup analysis, age at TOF repair was significantly higher (p = 0.039) and FJA at the level of the AA significantly greater (p = 0.003) and mean WSS were significantly lower (p = 0.039) in the aortic dilatation group. FD were higher in the aortic dilatation group without statistical significance (p = 0.217). CONCLUSION: Patients with repaired TOF have an increased FJA, dilated AA, and secondarily decreased WSS. In addition to known risk factors, flow eccentricity may affect aortic dilatation in patients with repaired TOF.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aorta , Dilatation , Hemodynamics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Risk Factors , Sinus of Valsalva , Tetralogy of Fallot , Volunteers
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 975-986, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759395

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare procedural, early and long-term outcome of device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) between large ASD patients and very large ASD patients. METHODS: We carried a retrospective study of adult large ASD (defined as ≥25 mm) treated by percutaneous closure using Amplatzer septal occluder during 12-year period (May 2003–February 2015) at a single tertiary center. A total of 269 patients were divided into 2 groups, according to the pre-procedural maximal ASD diameter; 25 mm≤ASD<35mm, group 1 (n=216) and 35 mm≤ASD, group 2 (n=53). We compared procedural parameters, early complications and long-term follow-up results between 2 groups. RESULTS: The need of modified implantation techniques (MITs) was higher group 2 (23.6% vs. 37.7%, p=0.034). Procedural success rate was considerably high in both groups (99.1% in group 1 vs. 100% in group 2, p=0.620). Major complications were occurred in 4 (1.5%) patients (1.4% vs. 1.9%, p=0.804). Minor complication rate was not different between 2 groups. During long-term follow-up (47.2±32.0 months, range, 6.0–135.5), there was one major complication (0.4%) of stroke. Most common long-term minor event was migraine headache (3.9%) followed by arrhythmias (1.9%) without statistical difference between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although MIT was more frequently required in very large ASD groups, the procedural, early and long-term outcomes after percutaneous ASD closure were similar in both groups. This suggested that percutaneous ASD closure for very large ASD could be considered a good treatment option.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cardiac Catheterization , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Migraine Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Septal Occluder Device , Stroke
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