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1.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 25-32, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836799

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells play have a crucial role in the early phase of immune responses against various pathogens. We compared characteristics of canine NK cells against two canine mammary carcinoma cell lines, REM134 and CF41.Mg. REM134 showed higher expression of progesterone receptor, proliferative cell nuclear antigen, Ki67, multiple drug resistance, Bmi-1, c-myc, E-cadherin, and human epidermal growth factor receptor type-2 than that of CF41.Mg. For specific expansion and activation of NK cells, we isolated CD5 negative cells from canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and co-cultured K562 cells in the presence of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-15, and IL-21 for 21 days. As a result, we found that expression markers of activated NK cells such as NKp30, NKp44, NKp46, NKG2D, CD244, perforin, granzyme B, and tumor necrosis factor alpha were highly upregulated. In addition, we found there was upregulated production of interferon gamma of activated NK cells against target cells such as REM134 and CF41.Mg.Specifically, we observed that cytotoxicity of NK cells against target cells was more sensitively reacted to CF41.Mg than REM134. Based on the results of this study, we recommend the development of an experimental application of CF41Mg, which has not been reported in canine mammary carcinoma research.

2.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 151-155, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760360

ABSTRACT

Equine influenza (EI) is the main cause of respiratory illness in equines across the globe and is caused by equine influenza A virus (EIV-A), which has impacted the equine industry internationally because of the marginal mortality and high morbidity. In the present study, the immune responses after equine influenza vaccination were evaluated in 4,144 horses in Korea using the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay. The equine influenza virus (EIV), A/equine/South Africa/4/03 (H3N8), was used as the antigen in the HI assay. The mean seropositive rates were 89.2% (97.4% in 2016, 77.6% in 2017, and 92.4% in 2018). This paper highlights the advances in understanding the effects of vaccines and control strategies for mitigating the emerging menace by EIV.


Subject(s)
Antibody Formation , Hemagglutination , Horses , Influenza A virus , Influenza, Human , Korea , Mortality , Orthomyxoviridae , Vaccination , Vaccines
3.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 855-857, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758859

ABSTRACT

Porcine parvovirus 7 (PPV7) was first detected in Korean pig farms in 2017. The detection rate of PPV7 DNA was 24.0% (30/125) in aborted pig fetuses and 74.9% (262/350) in finishing pigs, suggesting that PPV7 has circulated among Korean domestic pig farms. Phylogenetic analysis based on capsid protein amino acid sequences demonstrated that the nine isolated Korean strains (PPV-KA1-3 and PPV-KF1-6) were closely related to the previously reported USA and Chinese PPV7 strains. In addition, the Korean strains exhibit genetic diversity with both insertion and deletion mutations. This study contributes to the understanding of the molecular epidemiology of PPV7 in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aborted Fetus , Agriculture , Amino Acid Sequence , Asian People , Capsid Proteins , DNA , Fetus , Genetic Variation , Korea , Molecular Epidemiology , Parvovirus, Porcine , Sequence Deletion , Sus scrofa , Swine
4.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 201-207, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109778

ABSTRACT

Classical swine fever (CSF), a highly contagious disease that affects domestic pigs and wild boar, has serious economic implications. The present study examined the virulence and transmission of CSF virus strain YC11WB (isolated from a wild boar in 2011) in breeding wild boar. Virulence of strain YC11WB in domestic pigs was also examined. Based on the severe clinical signs and high mortality observed among breeding wild boar, the pathogenicity of strain YC11WB resembled that of typical acute CSF. Surprisingly, in contrast to strain SW03 (isolated from breeding pigs in 2003), strain YC11WB showed both acute and strong virulence in breeding pigs. None of three specific monoclonal antibodies (7F2, 7F83, and 6F65) raised against the B/C domain of the SW03 E2 protein bound to the B/C domain of strain YC11WB due to amino acid mutations (⁷²⁰K→R and ⁷²³N→S) in the YC11WB E2 protein. Although strains YC11WB and SW03 belong to subgroup 2.1b, they had different mortality rates in breeding pigs. Thus, if breeding pigs have not developed protective immunity against CSF virus, they may be susceptible to strain YC11WB transmitted by wild boar, resulting in severe economic losses for the pig industry.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Breeding , Classical Swine Fever Virus , Classical Swine Fever , Mortality , Sus scrofa , Swine , Virulence
5.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 33-38, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224461

ABSTRACT

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV). The SFTSV appears to have a wide host range, as SFTSV-positive ticks have been isolated from both farm animals and wild rodents. Therefore, it is important to monitor SFTSV-positive animals to prevent the transmission of SFTSV from animals to humans. Previously, we developed a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) to detect SFTSV-specific antibodies from field animals and compared the cELISA results to those from an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). In this study, cELISA results were compared to and evaluated against the results from both an IFA and a virus neutralization (VN) test of 193 bovine serum samples (including two bovine positive control sera) and 70 horse serum samples. The consistency (98.9%) between cELISA and VN results was higher than that (97.4%) between cELISA and IFA for the bovine serum samples. Similarly, for the horse serum samples, the consistency (88.6%) between cELISA and VN results was higher than that (84.3%) between the cELISA and IFA. These findings indicate that our newly developed cELISA can be used for surveillance or epidemiological studies of SFTSV in animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Animals, Domestic , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidemiologic Studies , Fever , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Horses , Host Specificity , Neutralization Tests , Rodentia , Thrombocytopenia , Ticks
6.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 189-192, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13821

ABSTRACT

The virus neutralization (VN) test was used to determine potency of the infectious bronchitis (IB) vaccine. The results of VN, hemagglutination inhibition (HI), and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were compared with those of the IBV M41. The r² values between VN and HI titers and the ELISA antibody titer were 0.8782 and 0.0336, respectively, indicating a high correlation between VN and HI, but not VN and ELISA. The Cohen's kappa coefficient between the VN titer of 2 log₁₀ and HI titer of 5 log₂ was 0.909. Our results showed that VN could be replaced with HI for testing the potency of IBV M41.


Subject(s)
Bronchitis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests , Hemagglutination , Infectious bronchitis virus , Neutralization Tests , Vaccine Potency
7.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 307-314, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148739

ABSTRACT

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV), a phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae, is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease that impacts humans. This disease manifests as a decreased blood cell count and multi-organ failure, with a case-fatality rate of more than 12% in China. Because vaccines or antiviral drugs for the treatment of this disease are not available, monitoring the SFTS circulation in animals and controlling the tick-mammal cycle are important for preventing SFTS. Monoclonal antibodies against the recombinant nucleoprotein of SFTSV were generated to develop a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for the detection of antibodies against SFTSV infection in cattle. The specificity and sensitivity of cELISA was assessed by comparing the results of this assay to those of an immunofluorescence assay (IFA). The results of the cELISA using 416 field bovine serum samples and laboratory-immunized positive sera showed 98.1% consistency with those of the IFA. The cELISA used in this study did not show cross-reactivity with antisera against other viral cattle diseases. The cELISA presented in this study can be applied to detect antibodies against SFTSV in cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antiviral Agents , Blood Cell Count , Bunyaviridae , Cattle Diseases , China , Communicable Diseases , Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fever , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immune Sera , Nucleoproteins , Phlebovirus , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thrombocytopenia , Vaccines
8.
Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research ; : 132-137, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176940

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Aujeszky's disease (AD) is an economically important disease affecting both wild and domestic pigs of the species Sus scrofa. A previous study yielded serological evidence of AD in Korean wild boars, which could spread AD to other animals. A new Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) bait vaccine is required to prevent AD outbreaks in swine. In the present study, we investigated the safety and immunogenicity of a gE-deleted marker vaccine, strain YS-400, in young domestic pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The YS-400 strain was propagated in Vero cells, and the trial ADV bait vaccine (a vaccine blister in a matrix including an attractant) was prepared. Pigs were orally immunized with the vaccine (2 mL, 10(7.5) TCID(50)/mL) delivered using a syringe or in the bait vaccine. The animals were observed for 9 weeks after vaccination, and immunogenicity was assessed using a virus neutralization (VN) test and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The YS-400 strain was non-pathogenic to pigs when given orally and induced high VN titers (1:32-1:128) 6 weeks post-administration. Of the pigs given the ADV bait vaccine twice or three times, 40% were seropositive by 2 weeks, and 100% were seropositive by 7 weeks after the first dose. Pigs that consumed the AD bait vaccine three times developed VN titers that were slightly higher than those of pigs given the vaccine twice. CONCLUSION: Domestic pigs given the trial ADV bait vaccine exhibited no adverse effects and developed high VN titers against ADV, indicating that the YS-400 strain is safe and can prevent ADV infection in domestic pigs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Blister , Disease Outbreaks , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Pseudorabies , Sus scrofa , Swine , Syringes , Vaccination , Vero Cells
9.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 479-487, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110496

ABSTRACT

Infection of cattle with bovine leukemia virus (BLV) has been observed and reported worldwide, including in Korea. The onsite identification of infected cattle would help decreasing and eradicating BLV infections on farms. Here, we present a new immunochromatographic assay that employs monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for the detection of antibodies against BLV in the field. BLV envelope glycoprotein (gp)51 was expressed in E. coli, and MAbs against recombinant BLV gp51 were generated for the development of an immunochromatographic assay to detect BLV antibodies in cattle. The sensitivity and specificity of the assay were determined by comparing these results with those obtained from a standard enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 160 bovine sera were used to evaluate the new immunochromatographic assay. Using ELISA as a reference standard, the relative specificity and sensitivity of this assay were determined to be 94.7% and 98%, respectively. Because of its high sensitivity and specificity, this BLV antibody detection assay would be suitable for the onsite identification of BLV infection in the field.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Agriculture , Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Deltaretrovirus Antibodies , Deltaretrovirus Infections , Enzootic Bovine Leukosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Glycoproteins , Chromatography, Affinity , Korea , Leukemia Virus, Bovine , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research ; : 130-136, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37506

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that affects approximately 50,000 people annually in Asia, causing 10,000 deaths. Considering the role of pigs as the virus-amplifying host and the economic loss in the swine industry, JE is an important disease for both public and animal health. A nationwide JE virus (JEV) vaccination program has been conducted annually for more than 30 years to prevent severe reproductive disorders in the Korean sow population. Remarkable progress in molecular biology has made it possible to analyze the genome of the vaccine strain at the nucleotide and amino acid levels. However, the scientific record of the current JEV veterinary vaccine has not been reported. Therefore, this article outlines the current JEV vaccine strain used in animals and discusses future directions for developing new veterinary JEV vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Asia , Asian People , Encephalitis Viruses, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese , Genome , Korea , Molecular Biology , Swine , Vaccination , Vaccines , Zoonoses
11.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 19-25, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65501

ABSTRACT

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae causes porcine pleuropneumoniae which is one of severe threats to the swine industry. In total, 54 strains of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae were isolated from 443 pigs between 2012 and 2013 in Korea. Isolates were classified into serotypes 1, 2, 5, 7, 12, and unclassified by multiplex PCR. Genotypes of isolates were divided into three groups according to the sequence of the omlA gene. The antimicrobial resistance rate of serotype 1 was slightly higher than that of serotype 5. In conclusion, to block and treat porcine pleuropneumonia, it is necessary to conduct ongoing characterization of A. pleuropneumoniae isolated from pigs.


Subject(s)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae , Genotype , Korea , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Pleuropneumonia , Prevalence , Swine
12.
Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research ; : 107-113, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203144

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: New rabies vaccine bait for both pets and raccoon dogs residing in Korea is needed to eradicate rabies infection among animals. In this study, we constructed a recombinant rabies virus (RABV), the ERAG3G strain, using a reverse genetics system. Then we investigated the efficacy of this strain in mice after oral administration and the safety of this strain in cats after intramuscular administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ERAG3G strain was rescued in BHK/T7-9 cells using the full-length genome mutated at the amino acid position 333 of the glycoprotein gene of RABV and helper plasmids. Four-week-old mice underwent one or two oral administrations of the ERAG3G strain and were challenged with the highly virulent RABV strain CVSN2c 14 days after the second administration. Clinical symptoms were observed and body weights were measured every day after the challenge. RESULTS: All mice showed complete protection against virulent RABV. In addition, cats intramuscularly inoculated with the ERAG3G strain showed high antibody titers ranging from 2.62 to 23.9 IU/mL at 28-day postinoculation. CONCLUSION: The oral immunization of the ERAG3G strain plays an important role in conferring complete protection in mice, and intramuscular inoculation of the ERAG3G strain induces the formation of anti-rabies neutralizing antibody in cats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Mice , Administration, Oral , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Body Weight , Genome , Glycoproteins , Immunization , Korea , Plasmids , Rabies , Rabies Vaccines , Rabies virus , Raccoon Dogs , Reverse Genetics
13.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 163-167, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223846

ABSTRACT

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a major diarrhea-causing agent in puppies. Since CPV type 2 (CPV-2) emerged in 1978, new antigenic variants including CPV-2a, CPV-2b, and CPV-2c have been identified in many countries. Two puppies died suddenly at a veterinary clinic in Gyeonggi province, South Korea. Two viruses were isolated in A72 cells, confirmed as CPV strains based on a CPV rapid kit and an indirect fluorescence test and designated QIACP1403 and QIACP1404. The nucleotide sequences of complete VP2 genes of QIACP1403 and QIACP1404 were determined, and the corresponding amino acid sequences were deduced. Molecular analyses revealed that the QIACP1403 and QIACP1404 isolates were type CPV-2b. Several mutated amino acids were detected on VP2 gene residues of the two isolates. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the two isolates were most closely related to strain CPV-BM11, which was isolated from Chinese dogs in 2011. Our results suggest that these isolates may be a candidate for a vaccine to prevent CPV infection in dogs after conducting passages of the isolates in an in vitro culture system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , Amino Acids , Asian People , Base Sequence , Fluorescence , Korea , Parvovirus, Canine
14.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 177-187, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162999

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative bacterium, is a causative agent of gastroduodenal diseases of human. Human immune system produces harmful reactive oxygen species to kill this bacterium that locates the microaerophilic mucous layer. H. pylori harbors various antioxidant enzymes including SodB, KatA and AhpC to protect the oxygen toxicity. We removed the catalase gene (katA) from H. pylori 26695 genome, and the change of profile of the gene expression of the mutant was analyzed by high resolution 2-DE followed by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), tandem MS and microarray analysis. Eleven and 37 genes were upregulated and downregulated in the mutant respectively, either transcriptionally or translationally. Expression level of pfr and hp1588 that were decreased on protein level in the mutant was confirmed by RT-PCR analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catalase , Gene Expression , Genome , Helicobacter pylori , Immune System , Mass Spectrometry , Microarray Analysis , Oxygen , Proteome , Reactive Oxygen Species
15.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 519-528, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24548

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to develop an effective method for establishment of porcine parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells (ppESCs) from parthenogenetically activated oocyte-derived blastocysts. The addition of 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to the medium on the 3rd day of oocyte culturing improved the development of blastocysts, attachment of inner cell masses (ICMs) onto feeder cells, and formation of primitive ppESC colonies. ICM attachment was further enhanced by basic fibroblast growth factor, stem cell factor, and leukemia inhibitory factor. From these attached ICMs, seven ppESC lines were established. ppESC pluripotency was verified by strong enzymatic alkaline phosphatase activity and the expression of pluripotent markers OCT3/4, Nanog, and SSEA4. Moreover, the ppESCs were induced to form an embryoid body and teratoma. Differentiation into three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm) was confirmed by the expression of specific markers for the layers and histological analysis. In conclusion, data from the present study suggested that our modified culture conditions using FBS and cytokines are highly useful for improving the generation of pluripotent ppESCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blastocyst/cytology , Cell Culture Techniques/veterinary , Cell Differentiation , Cytokines/metabolism , Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology , Parthenogenesis , Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Swine/physiology
16.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 575-578, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120175

ABSTRACT

Virus-like particles (VLPs) composed of the truncated capsid protein of swine hepatitis E virus (HEV) were developed and immune responses of mice immunized with the VLPs were evaluated. IgG titers specific for the capsid protein of swine HEV were significantly higher for all groups of mice immunized with the VLPs than those of the negative control mice. Splenocytes from mice immunized with the VLPs also produced significantly greater quantities of interferon (IFN)-gamma than interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10. These newly developed swine HEV VLPs have the capacity to induce antigen-specific antibody and IFN-gamma production in immunized mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Capsid Proteins/immunology , Hepatitis E/immunology , Hepatitis E virus/immunology , Immunization/veterinary , Interferon-gamma/blood , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Swine , Swine Diseases/immunology , Vaccines, Virus-Like Particle/immunology , Viral Hepatitis Vaccines/immunology
17.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 107-112, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36071

ABSTRACT

Four viruses showing cytopathic effects in MDBK cells were isolated from brains of cattle showing downer cattle syndrome in 2012. The isolates were confirmed to belong to the genus Rubulavirus of the subfamily Paramyxovirinae. Isolate QIA-B1201 had the ability to hemagglutinate red blood cells from several species of animals and was capable of adsorbing guinea pig erythrocytes on the surface of infected Vero cells. Nucleotide sequence analysis showed that two isolates (QIA-B1201 and QIA-B1204) had high similarity with other human and animal PIV5 isolates ranging from 98.1 to 99.8%. The highest sequence similarity of the two isolates corresponded to strain KNU-11 (99.8% at the nucleotide and amino acid level) isolated from suckling piglets in Korea in 2012. To evaluate the virulence of strain QIA-B1201, we inoculated bPIV5 into 5 week-old mice via both the intraperitoneal and intracranial route. Body weight was not significantly altered in mice inoculated with QIA-B1201. In this study, we isolated and characterized novel bPIV5s from brain samples showing downer cattle syndrome, but were not able to elucidate the pathogenicity of the bPIV5s in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Mice , Base Sequence , Body Weight , Brain , Erythrocytes , Guinea Pigs , Incidence , Korea , Parainfluenza Virus 5 , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Paramyxovirinae , Rubulavirus , Vero Cells , Virulence
18.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 336-341, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51108

ABSTRACT

Aujeszky's disease caused by Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) is one of the most important diseases in the pig industry. In this study, we conducted a seroepidemiological survey of ADV in wild boars and raccoon dogs in South Korea. In total, 217 wild boar sera collected between March and August 2013, and 96 raccoon dogs between 2011 and 2012 were screened for the presence of antibodies against ADV. The sero-positive rates in wild boars and raccoon dogs tested for ADV were found to be 3.55% (8/225) and 0% (0/96), respectively. The presence of virus neutralization antibody titer against ADV means that small number of wild boars was infected with ADV and AD may be circulated continuously in Korean wild boar populations, and that wild boars may act as a potential reservoir of ADV. Therefore, to achieve the declaration of AD free, effective preventive measures to block transmission of AD should be taken to the wild boars.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Korea , Pseudorabies , Raccoon Dogs , Sus scrofa
19.
Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research ; : 176-184, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190881

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: New alternative bait rabies vaccines applicable to pet dogs and wild animals are needed to eradicate rabies in Korea. In this study, recombinant rabies virus, ERAG3G strain was constructed using reverse genetic system and the safety, efficacy and immunogenicity of the ERAG3G strain was evaluated in mice and dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the full-length genome mutated amino acid at position 333 of glycoprotein of rabies virus (RABV) and helper plasmids, the ERAG3G strain was rescued in BHK/T7-9 cells successfully. Mice were inoculated with the ERAG3G strain for safety and efficacy. Safety and immunogenicity of the dog inoculated with the ERAG3G strain (1 mL, 10(8.0) FAID50/mL) via intramuscular route was evaluated for 28 days after inoculation. RESULTS: The ERAG3G strain rescued by reverse genetic system was propagated well in the mouse neuroblastoma cells revealing titer of 10(8.5) FAID50/mL and was not pathogenic to 4- or 6-week-old mice that received by intramuscular or intracranical route. Immunization with the ERAG3G strain conferred complete protection from lethal RABV in mice. Dogs inoculated with the vaccine candidate via intramuscular route showed high neutralizing antibody titer ranging from 2.62 to 23.9 IU/mL at 28 days postinoculation. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the ERAG3G strain plays an important role in inducing protective efficacy in mice and causes to arise anti-rabies neutralizing antibody in dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Mice , Animals, Wild , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Genome , Glycoproteins , Immunization , Korea , Neuroblastoma , Plasmids , Rabies Vaccines , Rabies virus , Rabies
20.
Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research ; : 212-219, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108902

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Japanese encephalitis is a reproductive disorder caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in swine. Recent genotype (G) shift phenomenon (G3 to G1) in the Asia-wide has posed a challenge for proper prevention by the current vaccine strain. Thus, new kinds of JEV G1 vaccines with enhanced immunogenicity have been required for pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Recombinant porcine granulocyte monocyte-colony stimulating factor (reporGM-CSF) protein was expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9) cells using baculovirus expression system. Two kinds of trials with inactivated JEV vaccines containing IMS1313 adjuvant (Seppic, France) were prepared with or without reporGM-CSF protein. Safety and immunogenicity of the pigs inoculated with the JEV vaccines via intramuscular route was evaluated for 28 days after inoculation. RESULTS: Mice, guinea pigs, and fattening pigs inoculated with the inactivated vaccine showed no signs for 14 and 21 days. Both hemagglutination inhibition and plaque reduction neutralizing antibody titers were significantly higher in pigs immunized with the vaccine containing reporGM-CSF protein after boosting. However, on the side of vaccine efficacy, most mice (87%) immunized with the inactivated JEV vaccine survived after virulent JEV challenge. Whereas the group with the vaccine containing reporGM-CSF protein showed lower protective effects than the vaccine alone for the biological activity of the GM-CSF depending on species specific. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that animals inoculated with the JEV vaccines was safe and pigs inoculated with inactivated JEV vaccine containing reporGM-CSF protein showed higher humoral immune responses than that of inactivated JEV vaccine without reporGM-CSF protein.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Baculoviridae , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese , Genotype , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Guinea Pigs , Hemagglutination , Immunity, Humoral , Spodoptera , Swine , Vaccines
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