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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718068

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological studies have shown that exposure to tobacco smoke causing irritation and inflammation in the airways tends to reduce serum periostin concentrations in adults. We now investigate prospective cross-sectional study on 135 Korean students aged 7 years in the first grade who were participating in the Seongnam Atopy Project for Children's Happiness 2016 (SAP2016) cohort. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to show significant inverse correlations between serum periostin concentration and exposure to xylene and formaldehyde in children. Our findings suggested the need for caution in using the serum periostin level as a marker for allergic diseases, since exposure to volatile organic compounds and formaldehyde may confound the interpretation of these results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiologic Studies , Formaldehyde , Happiness , Humans , Inflammation , Prospective Studies , Smoke , Tobacco , Volatile Organic Compounds , Xylenes
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739506

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, the prevalence and disease burden of asthma have increased. Thus, the need for early diagnosis and appropriate management of asthma is emerging. However, it is difficult to identify the diagnosis, symptoms and the prevalence of asthma due to lack of reliable investigating items. The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized survey format in order to assess the prevalence of asthma in Koreans. METHODS: We investigated surveys and related information that are utilized to assess asthma diagnosis and prevalence by systematic review. After that, Delphi survey was conducted on 44 Korean allergists in order to develop a standardized survey in Korea. The process consisted of 3 serial rounds across 3 age groups. Each subsequent round narrowed investigating items for the decision of standard set about asthma prevalence, current asthma, and asthma aggravation. RESULTS: Lifetime asthma was defined as “ever doctor-diagnosed asthma” in all age groups. Current asthma was defined as “treatment for asthma during the past 12 months” in all age groups, and “doctor-diagnosed asthma during the past 12 months” was added on the ≥5-year-old and adult groups. “Wheezing ever” was defined as “wheezing at any time in the past,” and current wheeze was defined as “wheezing in the last 12 months.” Asthma aggravation was defined as “visits at the emergency department or admission due to asthma attack within the last 12 months” in all age groups. CONCLUSION: We established applicable nationwide definitions of “lifetime asthma,” “current asthma,” and “asthma aggravation” in Koreans by the Delphi survey.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Korea , Prevalence
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163872

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is characterized by inflammation with proteolytic damage to the lung extracellular matrix. The results from previous studies are inconsistent regarding the role of proteinases and antiproteinases in the development of BPD. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2, and TIMP-1 levels in the serum of preterm infants at birth are related to the development of BPD. METHODS: Serum was collected from 62 preterm infants at birth and analyzed for MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-2, and TIMP-1 by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. MMPs and TIMPs were compared in BPD (n=24) and no BPD groups (n=38). Clinical predictors of BPD (sex, birth weight, gestational age, etc.) were assessed for both groups. The association between predictors and outcome, BPD, was assessed by using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Sex, birth weight, and mean gestational age were similar between the groups. BPD preterm infants had significantly lower TIMP-2 levels at birth compared with no BPD preterm infants (138.1+/-23.0 ng/mL vs. 171.8+/-44.1 ng/mL, P=0.027). No significant difference was observed in MMP-8, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 levels between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the TIMP-2 levels were predictive of BPD after adjusting for sex, birth weight, gestational age, proteinuric preeclampsia, and intraventricular hemorrhage (beta=-0.063, P=0.041). CONCLUSION: Low TIMP-2 serum levels at birth may be associated with the subsequent development of BPD in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Extracellular Matrix , Gestational Age , Hemorrhage , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Inflammation , Logistic Models , Lung , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Parturition , Peptide Hydrolases , Pre-Eclampsia , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
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