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1.
Neurointervention ; : 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875328

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Three-dimensional (3D) measurement of intracranial aneurysms is important in planning endovascular treatment, and 3D rotational angiography (RA) is effective in accurate measurement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of low dose 3D RA (5 seconds 0.10 μGy/frame) in measuring an intracranial aneurysm using an in vitro phantom. @*Materials and Methods@#We investigated an in vitro 3D phantom of an intracranial aneurysm with 10 acquisitions of 3D RA with a conventional dose (5 seconds 0.36 μGy/frame) and 10 acquisitions with a low-dose (5 seconds 0.10 μGy/frame). 3D size and neck diameters of the aneurysm were measured and compared between the 2 groups (conventional and low-dose) using noninferiority statistics. @*Results@#The aneurysm measurements were well-correlated between the 2 readers, and noninferiority in the measurement of aneurysmal size of low-dose 3D RA was demonstrated, as the upper margin of the 1-sided 97.5% confidence interval did not cross the pre-defined noninferiority margin of 0.2 mm by the 2 readers. @*Conclusion@#Low-dose (5 seconds 0.10 μGy/frame) cerebral 3D RA is technically feasible and not inferior in in vitro 3D measurement of an intracranial aneurysm. Thus, low-dose 3D RA is promising and needs further evaluation for its clinical utility in the planning of endovascular treatment of an intracranial aneurysm.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835645

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to analyze treatment outcomes according to treatment modality for elderly patients over 75 years with unruptured intracranial aneurysm. @*Methods@#Fifty-four elderly patients treated in a single tertiary institute between January 2010 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. We compared clinical outcome, radiological results, and complications between the coiling and clipping groups. @*Results@#A total of 55 procedures were performed in 54 patients. Of 55 aneurysms, 44 were treated endovascularly and 11 were treated surgically. There was no significant difference in patient baseline characteristics including mean age, sex, and preexisting co-morbidity between the two groups. Even though there was no significant difference (p=0.373), procedure-related symptomatic complication occurred only in coiling group (3 out of 44 patients, 6.6%). Mortality rate was significantly higher in clipping group (1 out of 11 patients, 9.1%) than in coiling group (0%, p=0.044). Good clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale 0-2) at 90 days was achieved in 43 cases treated with coiling (97.7%), and 10 cases with clipping (90.9%, p=0.154). @*Conclusions@#Clipping is more invasive procedure and takes longer operation time, which might lead to unpredictable mortality in elderly patients. Coiling might have high procedure-related stroke rate due to tortuous vessels with atherosclerosis. Therefore, aggressive treatment of elderly patients should be carefully considered based on patient’s medical condition and angiographic findings.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833503

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: No optimum genetic rat Huntington model both neuropathological using an adeno-associated virus (AAV-2) vector vector has been reported to date. We investigated whether direct infection of an AAV2 encoding a fragment of mutant huntingtin (AV2-82Q) into the rat striatum was useful for optimizing the Huntington rat model. @*Methods@#: We prepared ten unilateral models by injecting AAV2-82Q into the right striatum, as well as ten bilateral models. In each group, five rats were assigned to either the 2×1012 genome copies (GC)/mL of AAV2-82Q (×1, low dose) or 2×1013 GC/mL of AAV2-82Q (×10, high dose) injection model. Ten unilateral and ten bilateral models injected with AAV-empty were also prepared as control groups. We performed cylinder and stepping tests 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after injection, tested EM48 positive mutant huntingtin aggregates. @*Results@#: The high dose of unilateral and bilateral AAV2-82Q model showed a greater decrease in performance on the stepping and cylinder tests. We also observed more prominent EM48-positive mutant huntingtin aggregates in the medium spiny neurons of the high dose of AAV2-82Q injected group. @*Conclusion@#: Based on the results from the present study, high dose of AAV2-82Q is the optimum titer for establishing a Huntington rat model. Delivery of high dose of human AAV2-82Q resulted in the manifestation of Huntington behaviors and optimum expression of the huntingtin protein in vivo.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce our method involving prepuncture ultrasound scan for cannulation of the common femoral artery (CFA) during transfemoral cerebral angiography (TFCA), and to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included 90 patients who underwent prepuncture ultrasound examination of the inguinal area for TFCA between April 2015 and June 2015. Prior to skin preparation and draping of the inguinal area, we identified the CFA and its bifurcation using ultrasound. Based on the ultrasound findings, we marked cruciate lines in the inguinal area. Thereafter, we inserted a puncture needle at the interface between the horizontal and vertical lines at a 30–45° angle, simultaneously palpating the pulsation of the femoral artery. After TFCA was completed, femoral artery angiography was performed in the anteroposterior and oblique directions. Clinical and radiological parameters, including CFA cannulation, the ultrasound scan time, the first pass success rate, the time required for the passage of the wire, and complications, were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean ultrasound scan time of the CFA and its bifurcation was 72.6 seconds, and the mean time between administration of local anesthesia and wire passage was 67.44 seconds. The first pass success rate was 77.8% (70/90 patients), and the CFA puncture rate was 98.8% (89/90 patients). Although minor complications were noted in 7 patients, no patient reported serious complications (a large hematoma [≥ 5 cm], pseudoaneurysms, dissection, and/or a retroperitoneal hematoma.) CONCLUSION: Prepuncture ultrasound examination might be a simple, safe, and accurate technique for cannulation of the CFA during TFCA.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Local , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Catheterization , Cerebral Angiography , Femoral Artery , Hematoma , Humans , Methods , Needles , Punctures , Skin , Ultrasonography
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms are less amenable to coil embolization, an increasing number of studies support favorable endovascular treatment for them. The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes of two different treatments (surgery versus coiling) and evaluate the benefits of surgical clipping for MCA aneurysms. METHODS: Here we retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 178 ruptured and unruptured MCA aneurysms treated in patients between September 2008 and April 2012. Parameters assessing treatment outcomes include degree of aneurysm occlusion, presence of regrowth, clinical status, and complications. RESULTS: Among 178 MCA aneurysms, 153 were treated surgically. After a mean follow-up of 12 months, the surgery group showed a clinically significant complete occlusion rate (98%) compared with the coiling group (56%) (p<0.001). Follow-up radiologic evaluation showed a higher regrowth rate (four of 16 cases) in the coiling group than in the surgery group (one of 49 cases) (p=0.003). There was no statistically significant difference in favorable clinical outcome rate between the two groups. The procedure-related permanent morbidity and mortality rates were 2% (three of 153 cases) in the surgery group and 0% (0 of 25 cases) in the coiling group. CONCLUSION: Compared to endovascular treatment, surgical neck clipping for both ruptured and unruptured MCA aneurysms results in a significantly higher complete obliteration rate and less regrowth. Therefore, even in this endovascular era, we still recommend surgical clipping as the primary treatment option for MCA aneurysms rather than coil embolization.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Embolization, Therapeutic , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Mortality , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Instruments
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Complete sellar floor reconstruction is critical to avoid postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage during transsphenoidal surgery. Recently, the pedicled nasoseptal flap has undergone many modifications and eventually proved to be valuable and efficient. However, using these nasoseptal flaps in all patients who undergo transsphenoidal surgery, including those who had none or only minor CSF leakage, appears to be overly invasive and time-consuming. METHODS: Patients undergoing endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal tumor surgery within a 5 year-period were reviewed. Since 2009, we classified the intraoperative CSF leakage into grades from 0 to 3. Sellar floor reconstruction was tailored to each leak grade. We did not use any tissue grafts such as abdominal fat and did not include any procedures of CSF diversions such as lumbar drainage. RESULTS: Among 200 cases in 188 patients (147 pituitary adenoma and 41 other pathologies), intraoperative CSF leakage was observed in 27.4% of 197 cases : 14.7% Grade 1, 4.6% Grade 2a, 3.0% Grade 2b, and 5.1% Grade 3. Postoperative CSF leakage was observed in none of the cases. Septal bone buttress was used for Grade 1 to 3 leakages instead of any other foreign materials. Pedicled nasoseptal flap was used for Grades 2b and 3 leakages. Unused septal bones and nasoseptal flaps were repositioned. CONCLUSION: Modified classification of intraoperative CSF leaks and tailored repair technique in a multilayered fashion using an en-bloc harvested septal bone and vascularized nasoseptal flaps is an effective and reliable method for the prevention of postoperative CSF leaks.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Classification , Drainage , Endoscopy , Humans , Pituitary Neoplasms , Skull Base , Transplants
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166927

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to compare the difference of each fetal heart rate (FHR) variables between each categorized group according to birth weight and fetal sex using computerized analysis system of fetal heart rate. METHODS: Non stress test (NST) of four hundred normal pregnant women were grouped based on birth weight to 4 groups, <2,500 g, 2,500~<3000 g, 3,000~<3,500 g and above 3,500 g. Fifty male and 50 female babies entered to each group. So, 100 normal pregnant women entered for the study in each group. For collection and analysis of data and values of each variables, our own FHR interpretation sofware, HYFM-II (Windows version 1.0) was used. RESULT: From the comparison between each group classified by each criteria, there were no specific significant differences in baseline FHR, FHR variability (amplitude & mean minute range), signal loss rate, number of fetal movements, the number of FHR acceleration & the number of FHR deceleration those were obtained by our computerized FHR analysis system. CONCLUSION: We confirm that there were no specific differences in each FHR varibles according to birth weight and fetal sex at least in term normal pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Acceleration , Birth Weight , Deceleration , Exercise Test , Female , Fetal Heart , Fetal Movement , Heart Rate, Fetal , Humans , Male , Parturition , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women
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