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1.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(2): 158-163, Mar-Apr/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence and to identify the demographic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with C. trachomatis in human immunodeficiency virus infected men. STUDY: This was a cross-sectional study of C. trachomatis prevalence among human immunodeficiency virus-infected men enrolled at the Outpatient clinic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome of the Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. C. trachomatis deoxyribonucleic acid from urethral samples was purified and submitted to real time polymerase chain reaction to identify the presence of C. trachomatis. RESULTS: A total of 276 human immunodeficiency virus-infected men were included in the study. The prevalence of C. trachomatis infection was 12% (95% confidence interval 8.1%-15.7%). The mean age of the participants was 34.63 (standard deviation 10.80) years. Of the 276 human immunodeficiency virus-infected men, 93 (56.2%) had more than one sexual partner in the past year and 105 (38.0%) reported having their first sexual intercourse under the age of 15 years. Men having sex with men and bisexuals amounted to 61.2% of the studied population. A total of 71.7% had received human immunodeficiency virus diagnosis in the last three years and 55.1% were using antiretroviral therapy. Factors associated with C. trachomatis infection in the logistic model were being single (p<0.034), men having sex with men (p<0.021), and having previous sexually transmitted diseases (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of C. trachomatis infection among human immunodeficiency virus-infected men highlights that screening human immunodeficiency virus-infected men for C. trachomatis, especially among men having sex with men, is paramount to control the spread of C. trachomatis infection. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/epidemiology , Chlamydia Infections/epidemiology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chlamydia Infections/diagnosis , Chlamydia trachomatis/genetics , Hospitals, Special , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6,supl.1): 19-22, Nov-Dec/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696805

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous adenocarcinoma is a rare adnexal tumor that can affect the skin and is divided into ocular, a more common form and extra ocular, of a rarer occurrence. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) who developed an extra ocular, bulky and fast-growing sebaceous adenocarcinoma on the face. The literature has suggested that transplanted patients and HIV-positive patients have an excess risk for developing adnexal tumors, including sebaceous adenocarcinoma.


Adenocarcinoma sebáceo é um tumor anexial raro que pode envolver a pele e é dividido em ocular, mais comum e extraocular, mais raro. Relatamos o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico de Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida que desenvolveu um adenocarcinoma sebáceo extra-ocular, na face, volumoso, de rápido crescimento. A literatura tem sugerido que pacientes transplantados e portadores do vírus da imunodeficiência humana têm um excesso de risco para o desenvolvimento de tumores anexiais, incluindo o Adenocarcinoma sebáceo.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous/pathology , Facial Neoplasms/pathology , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous/etiology , Biopsy , Facial Neoplasms/etiology , Immunohistochemistry , Risk Factors , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/etiology
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6): 913-916, Nov-Dec/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-698996

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of multifactorial etiology, with participation of genetic, autoimmune and environmental factors. Recent studies have demonstrated the role of inflammatory cells and mediators in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, which is now defined as a systemic and autoimmune inflammatory disease that may be associated with other diseases of inflammatory nature. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occurrence of obesity and dyslipidemia in patients with psoriasis treated at a dermatology clinic in Manaus. METHODS: We performed a prospective descriptive study to assess the prevalence of obesity and dyslipidemia in patients with psoriasis. Besides the recommended dermatological care, a physical examination was performed to measure weight, height and waist circumference. RESULTS: We included 72 patients, 44 (61.1%) female and 28 (38.9%) male, with a mean age of 51.0 years ± 15.9 years. As for body mass index (BMI), 16 (22.2%) were overweight and 20 (27.8%) were obese. In the analysis of waist circumference in relation to gender, we found that 79.5% of women surveyed had central obesity, a percentage statistically higher than that observed among men (42.9%) at the 5% level of significance (p = 0.001). Regarding the diagnosis of dyslipidemia, 29 (65.9%) females and 22 (78.6%) males showed alterations in lipid profile. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of dyslipidemia and obesity in patients with psoriasis can affect life quality and expectancy, increasing the risk of systemic and metabolic diseases, which makes periodic investigation of these comorbidities in patients with psoriasis mandatory. .


FUNDAMENTOS: A psoríase é uma doença inflamatória crônica, com etiologia multifatorial, com participação de fatores genéticos, auto-imunes e ambientais. Estudos recentes demonstram o papel de células e mediadores inflamatórios na patogênese da psoríase, que passou a ser definida como uma afecção inflamatória sistêmica e auto-imune, podendo associarse a outras doenças de natureza inflamatória. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a ocorrência de obesidade e dislipidemia em pacientes com psoríase atendidos num ambulatório de dermatologia de Manaus. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo descritivo e prospectivo para avaliar a ocorrência de obesidade e dislipidemia em pacientes com psoríase. Além do atendimento dermatológico preconizado, foi realizado exame físico com medida de peso, altura e circunferência abdominal. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 72 pacientes, sendo 44 (61,1%) do sexo feminino e 28 (38,9%) do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 51,0 anos ± 15,9 anos. Quanto ao índice de massa corporal, 16 (22,2%) apresentavam sobrepeso e 20 (27,8%), obesidade. Na análise da circunferência abdominal em relação ao gênero, observou-se que 79,5% das mulheres examinadas apresentavam obesidade central, percentual estatisticamente maior que o observado entre os homens (42,9%), ao nível de 5% de significância (p= 0,001). Em relação ao diagnóstico de dislipidemia, 29 (65,9%) do sexo feminino e 22 (78,6%) do masculino apresentaram alteração no lipidograma. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de dislipidemia e obesidade nos pacientes com psoríase pode alterar a qualidade e expectativa de vida, aumentando o risco de doenças sistêmicas e metabólicas, o que torna obrigatória a investigação periódica dessas ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Psoriasis/therapy , Age Distribution , Body Mass Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Obesity/etiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Psoriasis/complications , Sex Distribution , Socioeconomic Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Waist Circumference
4.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 5(3): 273-275, Jul-Set. 2013. ilus.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-2140

ABSTRACT

Siringocistadenoma papilífero é tumor benigno raro, mais comum em couro cabeludo e face. Pode apresentar-se como lesão independente ou associada ao nevo sebáceo de Jadassohn. Foram relatados na literatura raros casos desse tumor com localização na coxa. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente com siringocistadenoma papilífero distinguido por seu componente apócrino intradérmico tubular papilífero.


Syringocystadenoma papilliferum is a rare, benign tumor, most common in the scalp and face. It can present as an independent lesion or be associated with nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn. Rare cases of this tumor located in the thigh have been reported in the literature. The present article reports the case of a patient with syringocystadenoma papilliferum, distinguished by its intradermal tubular apocrine papillary component.

5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 86(1): 149-152, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-578324

ABSTRACT

No Brasil, a paracoccidioidomicose é uma micose sistêmica endêmica frequente na zona rural e em homens adultos. É relatado caso em agricultor, usuário de drogas ilícitas, com manifestações insidiosas, atingindo rins, pulmões, gânglios, ossos e tardiamente pele, com atraso no diagnóstico e na terapêutica eficaz em mais de um ano. É importante incluir a paracoccidioidomicose como diagnóstico diferencial frente a um quadro sugestivo, mesmo na ausência de lesões cutâneas, para reconhecimento e tratamento precoce, em vista da elevada morbimortalidade desta entidade.


Paracoccidioidomycosis is an endemic systemic mycosis in Brazil, frequent in the rural areas and often in adult men. It is reported the case of a farmer, who is an illicit drugs' user, with insidious manifestations affecting kidneys, lungs, lymphonodes, bones and lately, the skin, with a delay of more than one year in the diagnosis and effective therapy It is important to include paracoccidioidomycosis as differential diagnosis, even in the absence of cutaneous lesions, for early recognition and treatment, given the high mortality of this entity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Skin/pathology , Biopsy , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
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