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1.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 21-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000621

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated whether there is an association between sequential changes in kinetic profiles by computer-aided detection (CAD) during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and pathologic complete response (pCR) and residual cancer burden (RCB) in dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) of patients with invasive breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study involved 51 patients (median age, 48 years; range, 33–60 years) who underwent pre-, interim-, and post-NAC DCE-MRIs at 3 T. The tumor size and CAD-generated kinetic profiles (peak enhancement and delayed enhancement [persistent, plateau, and washout] components) were measured. Percentage changes in pre- and interim-NAC (ΔMRI value1) and pre- and post-NAC (ΔMRI value2) were compared between pCR and non-pCR cases, and according to RCB. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the association between pCR and MRI parameters (including CAD-generated kinetic profiles). @*Results@#The pCR rate was 19.6% (10/51). There were statistically significant differences in Δtumor size2 (p < 0.01), Δpeak enhancement2 (p = 0.01), Δpersistent2 (p = 0.01), Δplateau2 (p = 0.02), and Δwashout2 (p = 0.03) between pCR and non-pCR. ΔTumor size2 provided very good diagnostic accuracy for pCR (cut-off, -90%; area under the curve, 0.88). There were differences in Δtumor size2, Δpeak enhancement2, Δplateau2, and Δwashout2 between RCB classes (p < 0.01). @*Conclusion@#DCE-MRI using CAD has the potential for predicting pCR and RCB classes.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 246-251, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916888

ABSTRACT

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an inherited autosomal-dominant tumor-predisposition disorder caused by germline mutations in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene. Since patients with LFS are likely to develop therapy-related cancers, radiation therapy should be avoided if breast cancer is found in these individuals. Herein, we present a case of secondary breast cancer in an LFS patient after radiation and chemotherapy for the first diagnosed breast sarcoma.

3.
Ultrasonography ; : 718-727, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969214

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study evaluated how artificial intelligence-based computer-assisted diagnosis (AICAD) for breast ultrasonography (US) influences diagnostic performance and agreement between radiologists with varying experience levels in different workflows. @*Methods@#Images of 492 breast lesions (200 malignant and 292 benign masses) in 472 women taken from April 2017 to June 2018 were included. Six radiologists (three inexperienced [<1 year of experience] and three experienced [10-15 years of experience]) individually reviewed US images with and without the aid of AI-CAD, first sequentially and then simultaneously. Diagnostic performance and interobserver agreement were calculated and compared between radiologists and AI-CAD. @*Results@#After implementing AI-CAD, the specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and accuracy significantly improved, regardless of experience and workflow (all P<0.001, respectively). The overall area under the receiver operating characteristic curve significantly increased in simultaneous reading, but only for inexperienced radiologists. The agreement for Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System (BI-RADS) descriptors generally increased when AI-CAD was used (κ=0.29-0.63 to 0.35-0.73). Inexperienced radiologists tended to concede to AI-CAD results more easily than experienced radiologists, especially in simultaneous reading (P<0.001). The conversion rates for final assessment changes from BI-RADS 2 or 3 to BI-RADS higher than 4a or vice versa were also significantly higher in simultaneous reading than sequential reading (overall, 15.8% and 6.2%, respectively; P<0.001) for both inexperienced and experienced radiologists. @*Conclusion@#Using AI-CAD to interpret breast US improved the specificity, PPV, and accuracy of radiologists regardless of experience level. AI-CAD may work better in simultaneous reading to improve diagnostic performance and agreement between radiologists, especially for inexperienced radiologists.

4.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 687-692, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926459

ABSTRACT

Male breast cancer is rare, accounting for approximately 1% of breast cancers. Metastasis from extra-mammary malignancy to the breast in men is extremely rare. The most common primary tumors that metastasize to the breast in male are prostate, lung, stomach, colorectal cancer, melanoma, and sarcoma. To our knowledge, only a few cases of bladder cancer presenting with metastasis to the male breast have been reported, and metastasis with infiltration rather than mass is extremely rare. We report imaging findings on mammography and ultrasonography in a 59-year-old male with bladder cancer metastatic to the breast.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 886-898, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832829

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of our study was to evaluate digital breast tomosynthesis as a breast cancer screening modality for women with gynecologic cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included patients with underlying gynecologic malignancies who underwent screening digital breast tomosynthesis for breast cancer. The cancer detection rate, recall rate, sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) were calculated. PPV1 was defined as the percentage of all positive screening exams that have a tissue diagnosis of cancer within a year. PPV2 was defined as the percentage of all diagnostic exams (and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category 4, 5 from screening setting) with a recommendation for tissue diagnosis that have cancer within a year. PPV3 was defined as the percentage of all known biopsies actually performed that resulted in a tissue diagnosis of cancer within the year. For each case of screen-detected cancer, we analyzed the age, type of underlying gynecologic malignancy, breast density, imaging features, final Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System assessment, histologic type, T and N stages, molecular subtype, and Ki-67 index. @*Results@#Among 508 patients, 7 with breast cancer were identified after a positive result. The cancer detection rate was 13.8 per 1000 screening exams, and the recall rate was 17.9%. The sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 83.2%. The false negative rate was 0 per 1000 exams. The PPV1, PPV2, and PPV3 were 7.7, 31.8, and 31.8, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Digital breast tomosynthesis may be a promising breast cancer screening modality for women with gynecologic cancer, based on the high cancer detection rate, high sensitivity, high PPV, and high detection rate of early-stage cancer observed in our study.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 728-739, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916751

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To identify differences in ultrasonography (US) feature, clinical and pathological characteristics including immunohistochemical characteristics between small breast cancer (pathologic size ≤ 5 mm) and large breast cancer (> 5 mm).@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A total of 528 invasive breast cancer lesions in 475 patients were included. US features with clinical and pathological characteristics were evaluated according to pathologic size. US Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System findings and final assessments were recorded for each lesion. Standard references were based on surgical pathologies.@*RESULTS@#Of 528 invasive breast cancer lesions, 62 were small breast cancers. Small breast cancers showed a higher rate of oval, round shape, parallel orientation; circumscribed margin; and iso/solid and cystic echo pattern, with no posterior feature. The final assessment of category 4 was also a dominant factor in small breast cancer. Early stage, asymptomatic state, and extensive ductal carcinoma in situ component were associated with small breast cancers.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results show that small breast cancers have less suspicious US features than large breast cancers.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 754-759, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Abnormalities in hemostasis and coagulation have been suggested in chronic renal failure (CRF). In this study, we compared processes of thrombus formation between rats with CRF and those with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRF was induced by 5/6 ablation/infarction of the kidneys in Sprague-Dawley rats, and surviving rats after 4 weeks were used. Ferric chloride (FeCl3)-induced thrombosis in the carotid artery was induced to assess thrombus formation. Whole blood clot formation was evaluated using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). Platelet aggregation was assessed with impedance platelet aggregometry. RESULTS: FeCl3-induced thrombus formation was initiated faster in the CRF group than in the control group (13.2±1.1 sec vs. 17.8±1.0 sec, p=0.027). On histological examination, the maximal diameters of thrombi were larger in the CRF group than in the control group (394.2±201.1 µm vs. 114.0±145.1 µm, p=0.039). In extrinsic pathway ROTEM, the CRF group showed faster clot initiation (clotting time, 59.0±7.3 sec vs. 72.8±5.0 sec, p=0.032) and increased clot growth kinetics (α angle, 84.8±0.2° vs. 82.0±0.6°, p=0.008), compared to the control group. Maximal platelet aggregation rate was higher in the CRF group than in the control group (58.2±0.2% vs. 44.6±1.2%, p=0.006). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that thrombogenicity is increased in rats with CRF. An activated extrinsic coagulation pathway may play an important role in increasing thrombogenicity in CRF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Blood Platelets , Carotid Arteries , Electric Impedance , Hemostasis , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kinetics , Models, Animal , Platelet Aggregation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thrombelastography , Thrombosis
8.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 248-250, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714326

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary
9.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 27-34, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the diagnostic performances of digital mammography (DM), digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), breast specific gamma imaging (BSGI) and/or positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the detection of invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC). METHODS: Index ILCs and multifocal/multicentric (multiple) ILCs were analyzed using various imaging modalities. The final surgical pathology was regarded as the reference standard. The detection rate for index cancers and the diagnostic performance for multiple ILCs per breast were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventy-eight ILCs in 76 women were enrolled. Twenty-six breasts had multiple ILCs. DM (n=72), DBT (n=15), US (n=77), MRI (n=76), BSGI (n=50), and /or PET/CT (n=74) were performed. For index cancer, the detection rate was 100% for DBT, US, and MRI. For multiple ILCs, the sensitivity was 100% for DBT and MRI (P<0.001). The diagnostic accuracy for multiple ILCs were 73.3% for DBT and 73.0% for PET/CT (P=0.460). CONCLUSION: DBT was the most accurate imaging modality for both index and multiple ILCs. PET/CT was also valuable for multiple ILCs, whereas DM and BSGI showed relatively low diagnostic performances. DBT and PET/CT have promising roles in the diagnosis of multiple ILCs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Carcinoma, Lobular , Diagnosis , Electrons , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammography , Pathology, Surgical , Positron-Emission Tomography , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 105-106, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197967

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron , Muscular Diseases , Pathology
11.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 182-184, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210889

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Churg-Strauss Syndrome , Infarction
12.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 133-137, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197548

ABSTRACT

Cryoglobulinemia is a rare medical condition defined by presence of cryoglobulins in serum and it may cause hyperviscosity syndrome or systemic vasculitis in variable organs including the skin, joints, liver, kidneys, lungs and nervous system. A vasculitic polyneuropathy or mononeuritis multiplex commonly occurs. However, central nervous system complications of cryoglobulinemia including stroke, encephalopathy and seizures are rarely reported. We represent a case of essential cryoglobulinemic vasculitis manifested as a sensorimotor polyneuropathy combined with an acute ischemic stroke attack.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Cerebral Infarction , Cryoglobulinemia , Cryoglobulins , Joints , Kidney , Liver , Lung , Mononeuropathies , Nervous System , Polyneuropathies , Seizures , Skin , Stroke , Systemic Vasculitis , Vasculitis
13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 384-387, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179056

ABSTRACT

In essential thrombocythemia (ET), cerebral infarction with large cerebral artery occlusion has rarely been reported. A 53-year-old male was admitted with left sided weakness. Brain magnetic resonance images revealed right internal carotid artery (ICA) territory infarction and proximal ICA occlusion. The blood laboratory examination demonstrated continuously increased platelet count (above 617,000/µL). Increased megakaroycytes and JAK2 V617F mutation were confirmed in the bone marrow biopsy. We should consider the possibility of ET in patient with large artery thrombosis and thrombocythemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteries , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Brain , Carotid Artery, Internal , Cerebral Arteries , Cerebral Infarction , Infarction , Janus Kinase 2 , Platelet Count , Stroke , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Thrombocytosis , Thrombosis
14.
Journal of Movement Disorders ; : 50-52, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187642

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chorea , Moyamoya Disease
15.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 188-193, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88931

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain lesions involving the cerebral cortex are rarely described in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), in contrast to multiple sclerosis. We investigated cerebral cortex involvement using conventional brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-antibody-positive NMOSD patients. METHODS: The study enrolled 215 NMOSD patients who were seropositive for the anti-AQP4 antibody from 5 referral hospitals, and retrospectively analyzed their demographic, clinical, and MRI findings. Abnormal cerebral cortex lesions on brain MRI were identified by a neuroradiologist and two neurologists using consensus. RESULTS: Most of the 215 enrolled patients (87%) were female. The median age at onset was 22.5 years (range: 15-36 years) and the mean follow-up duration was 123 months. Brain lesions were found in 143 of 194 patients (74%) in whom MRI was performed during follow-up. Brain lesions involving the cerebral cortex were identified in 6 of these 194 patients (3.1%). Five of the patients were female, and the six patients together had a median age of 29 years (range: 15-36 years) at the time of lesion presentation. Three of them showed leptomeningeal enhancement in the lesions. At presentation of the cortex-involving lesions, five of these patients were not being treated at the time of presentation, while the sixth was being treated with interferon-beta. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, cortical involvement occurs in NMOSD and is commonly combined with leptomeningeal enhancement. We speculate that this occurs only in patients who are not treated appropriately with immunosuppressant drugs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Consensus , Follow-Up Studies , Interferon-beta , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Sclerosis , Neuromyelitis Optica , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies
17.
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia ; : 99-102, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate mean Z-score of BMD of Korean premenopausal women and also to investigate the relationship between BMD and body composition, such as skeletal muscle (SM) mass, body fat mass, and abdominal adiposity among healthy Korean premenopausal women in their forties. METHODS: A total of 2711 premenopausal women in her forties (40-49 years) who had taken dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for BMD screening and body composition analyser (InBody J10®) from 2012 to 2013 at health promotion center of Ewha Womans university Mokdong hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Demographic data such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist hip ratio (WHR), SM mass, body fat mass, and serum lipid profile were included in this study. The Pearson's correlation coefficient (CC) was used to identify co-efficiency between BMD and other parameters. RESULTS: The mean age was 44.2 ± 4.44 (years) and mean BMI was 22.43 ± 2.99 (kg/m2). Mean Z-score of BMD-lumbar 1-4 (BMD-L) and BMD-femur total hip (BMD-F) was 0.33 ± 1.14 and -0.19 ± 0.85. Mean of BMD-L and BMD-F were 1.18 ± 0.16 (g/cm2) and 0.96 ± 0.12 (g/cm2). Skeletal muscle mass showed a strong significant correlation coefficient (CC) only with BMD-F (CC = 0.13, p-value = 4.78 × 10(-11)). However serum lipid profile, body fat mass, and WHR did not show significant CC with mean Z-score of BMD-F and BMD-L. CONCLUSION: Skeletal muscle mass measured by body composition analyzer of BIA method is a strong correlation factor for BMD especially of hip bone among healthy Korean premenopausal women in their forties.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Absorptiometry, Photon , Adipose Tissue , Adiposity , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Health Promotion , Hip , Mass Screening , Menopause , Methods , Muscle, Skeletal , Pelvic Bones , Retrospective Studies , Waist Circumference , Waist-Hip Ratio
18.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 23-26, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20861

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The origin of the vertebral artery (VA) is prone to be misinterpreted as having focal stenosis on computed tomography angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) due to artifacts. Ultrasonography may be a valuable technique to reveal stenosis of the VA origin. We compared the findings for the VA origin from CTA or MRA with those from ultrasonotraphy. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled patients who underwent angiography (CTA or MRA) and carotid ultrasonography. The V2 and V1 portions of the VA were insonated to evaluate the presence of plaque or steno-occlusion. CTA or MRA data were evaluated. Stenosis or occlusion of the VA origin was categorized as present or absent. The results from the two methods were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of the 73 investigated patients was 61.1 years, and 46 (63.0%) of them were male. Among the 22 patients with steno-occlusion of the right VA on CTA or MRA, only six had stenosis on ultrasonography. Regarding the left VA, only four patients among 16 who showed steno-occlusion on CTA or MRA had steno-occlusion on ultrasonography. The level of agreement between the two methods was 82.2% on the left side and 75.3% on the right side. There were no clinical differences between the patients with and without false-positive results on CTA or MRA. CONCLUSIONS: In 16.4% (left) and 21.9% (right) of all patients, lumens with steno-occlusions observed on CTA or MRA were revealed as normal on ultrasonography. The diagnosis of VA origins could be improved by applying these two methods complementarily.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angiography , Artifacts , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Ultrasonography , Vertebral Artery
19.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 245-246, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23744

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Stroke, Lacunar
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 718-722, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209705

ABSTRACT

Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases that represent serious complications following immunosuppressive therapy for solid organ or hematopoietic-cell recipients. In contrast to B-cell PTLD, T-cell PTLD is less frequent and is not usually associated with Epstein Barr Virus infection. Moreover, to our knowledge, isolated T-cell PTLD involving the breast is extremely rare and this condition has never been reported previously in the literature. Herein, we report a rare case of isolated T-cell PTLD of the breast that occurred after a patient had been treated for allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation due to acute myeloblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Allografts , Axilla , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fatal Outcome , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/surgery , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/etiology , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Transplantation, Homologous , Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods
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