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1.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 216-229, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The authors evaluated the environment and conditions of Korean psychiatric residents to identify important factors for them in determining their satisfaction with training programs. METHODS: Questionnaires on the residency training program were administered to 513 Korean psychiatric residents from 2016 to 2017. The questionnaire was composed of sociodemographic background, work environment and status of the training program. The authors analyzed questionnaire according to the residents' grade and hospital type and identified the significant factors for satisfaction with their training. RESULTS: Compared to the 1st grade, the 4th grade psychiatric residents have significantly less working time, duty days, and more sleep time, mealtime, and annual salary. In the hospital type, the residents of general hospitals and university hospitals have more working time, annual salary, and accessibility to educational material than mental hospitals. The satisfaction with their training is higher in the 1st grade than in the 4th grade, in those with more than six hours of sleep time, and in residents who are satisfied with the accessibility of educational materials. CONCLUSION: Compared to the 1st grade, the working intensity of 4th grade psychiatric residents is lower and their welfare is better. To improve the satisfaction with the training program, it is necessary to make efforts to increase the sleep time of residents, improve the accessibility of educational material, identify the problem of the training program, particularly in the 4th grade, and make institutional improvements.


Subject(s)
Education , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Hospitals, University , Internship and Residency , Meals , Salaries and Fringe Benefits
2.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 82-87, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228695

ABSTRACT

Subclavian vessels are well protected by muscles, fascia and sheaths, so vascular complications associated with clavicular fractures are rare. Pseudoaneurysms after clavicular fractures have been reported, and the occurrence or rupture of pseudoaneurysm has been reported rarely as a late complication. However, cases of pseudoaneurysm after rupture of the clavicular fracture following delayed osteosynthesis of the clavicular fracture have not been reported. A 58-year-old female that presented with a right clavicular shaft fracture obtained conservative treatment. Surgery was performed after 4 months because of non-union in the local medical center. After operation, rupture of the subclavian pseudoaneurysm occurred following osteosynthesis of the clavicular shaft fracture. We report this case here with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aneurysm , Aneurysm, False , Clavicle , Fascia , Muscles , Rupture , Subclavian Artery
3.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 124-127, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194922

ABSTRACT

Talus fracture is less common than most fractures, and bilateral talar neck fracture is extremely rare. Complications associated with talus fractures are generally deemed common because of the anatomical characteristics of the talus, but few reports have described the methods of treating such complications and the results of bilateral talar neck fracture. We report here a case of bilateral Hawkins type II talar neck fracture that had good clinical results without complications after early surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Methods , Neck , Talus
4.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 305-313, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48529

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the results between Proximal femoral nail antirotation II (PFNA II) and Zimmer natural nail Asia type (ZNN) for the treatment of stable intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2011 and September 2012, 40 consecutive patients with stable intertrochanteric femoral fractures were treated with PFNA II or ZNN. We reviewed 20 cases of PFNA II and 20 cases of ZNN prospectively. We evaluated the operation time, amount of bleeding, mean hospital day, and capability of mobility and function using 'mobility score of Parker and Palmer' and 'social score of Jensen'. We also evaluated the reduction state by the Fogagnolo, Cleveland index, change of tip and apex distance (TAD), sliding distance of cervical screw, change of neck shaft angle and bone union time. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups treated with PFNA and ZNN. Both groups showed good clinical results. PFNA showed less TAD change and ZNN showed a shorter sliding distance of cervical screw, but they were not statistically different. The bone union time was approximately 13 weeks in both groups. CONCLUSION: PFNA and ZNN produced good clinical and radiologic results in the treatment of stable intertrochanteric fractures. There were no significant differences between the groups. Both implants provide good stability and union, so we can conclude that they are both suitable for the treatment of stable intertrochanteric fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Hemorrhage , Hip Fractures , Prospective Studies
5.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 234-238, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66852

ABSTRACT

Osteoarticular tuberculosis is often misdiagnosed as other disease because of a rare incidence and nonspecific clinical and radiographic presentation. Therefore, it is important to know clinical and radiographic presentations of osteoarticular tuberculosis and to diagnose in early phase. Especially, fistula formation is one of the most important clinical features which suspects osteoarticular tuberculosis. We report a case of ankle tuberculosis to be misdiagnosed as subtalar osteoarthritis and performed subtalar arthrodesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ankle , Arthritis , Arthrodesis , Fistula , Incidence , Osteoarthritis , Subtalar Joint , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular
6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 861-866, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107886

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Together with the breast, buttocks are an important element of attractive body contour. To make a beautiful buttocks, improvement of body contour around the buttock as well as buttock augmentation and lifting is also important. The authors investigated characteristic features of buttocks in Koreans and report about the results of liposculpture and autologous fat injection for improving buttock's contour. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 21 patients who would like to gluteal reshaping. We checked about buttock's ptosis, projection, depression, gluteal retraction and excessive fat accumulation around buttocks. Depending on it, we performed liposculpture and autologous fat injection. Under general anesthesia, we harvested fat from excessive fat accumulation areas around buttocks, and injected into buttocks medio-superiorly. Postoperatively, pillows were positioned on the bed not to press the buttocks which were injected with the fat. RESULTS: Based on the shape of buttocks, A-shape is seen in 4 cases(19%), V-shape 3 cases(14%), square-shape 9 cases(43%), round-shape 5 cases(24%). Based on the Gonzalez's ptosis grading method, 1 degree ptosis is 1 case(4%), 2 degree ptosis is 6 cases(29%), 3 degree ptosis is 8 cases(38%), 4 degree ptosis is 6 cases(29%). There were no complications such as infection, hematoma, pain, dysparethesia. The subjective assessment of surgical results by patients was excellent. CONCLUSION: To make a beautiful buttock, improvement of body contour around the buttock as well as buttock augmentation and lifting is also important. Liposculpture and autologous fat grafting are very safe, useful and easy methods for improving buttock's contour.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Breast , Buttocks , Depression , Hematoma , Lifting , Retrospective Studies , Transplants
7.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 27-34, 2008.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113665

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The pedicle of transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous(TRAM) flap and deep inferior epigastric arterial perforator flap is deep inferior epigastic artery (DIEA) and accurate anatomic knowledge about perforator of DIEA is very important for the elevation of these flap. The authors investigated a detailed vascular network of perforator of DIEA in Koreans. METHODS: 24 fresh cadavers were studied. Among them, 15 were examined based on the plain X-ray examination for the distribution and location of perforator of DIEA. And 9 fresh cadavers were examined based on the 3-dimensional computed tomography(CT) study for the distance between ending point of perforator of DIEA and mother artery, the distance between most medial mother artery and midline, the distance between most lateral mother artery and midline, and the running type of perforators of DIEA. RESULTS: Based on the plain X-ray examination, suitable(external diameter> or =0.5mm) perforators of DIEA are located between the level of umbilicus and 8cm below it. Based on the 3D-CT study, average distance between the ending point of perforator of DIEA and the mother artery is 30.26mm on the left, 28.62mm on the right, respectively. The average distance between most medial mother artery and midline is 17.13mm on the left, 15.76mm on the right, respectively. The average distance between most lateral mother artery and midline is 56.31mm on the left, 50.90mm on the right, respectively. The main running course of suitable perforators of DIEA is type a, which is a direct musculocutaneous perforator vessel from main vascular axis passing outward to join the subdermal plexus, directly. CONCLUSION:3-dimensional computed tomography study as well as plain X-ray examination provided more accurate and detail informations about perforators of DIEA in Koreans. These informations will help us understand the detailed vascular anatomy and operation with ease and safe in the lower abdomen of Koreans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , Arteries , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Cadaver , Epigastric Arteries , Ethylamines , Glycosaminoglycans , Mothers , Perforator Flap , Rectus Abdominis , Running , Umbilicus
8.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 465-469, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113015

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Active prevention is an essential component in reducing the development of pressure sores. For the high-risk patient group, following the certified pressure sore screening scale as well as educating the patient and the nurses who care for them can lead to optimal management of these patients. Applying a risk assessment scale along with a prevention strategy can reduce medical costs and length of stays at the hospital. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a new pressure sore risk assessment scale based on the universally recommended Braden scale and our prevention program. METHODS: From June to August, 2003, our pressure ulcer risk assessment scale was applied to a total of 1882 patients admitted to the experimental group (intensive care unit, neurosurgery, general surgery, and oncology units). It was based on Braden scale. We analysed sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and ROC curve to evaluate its efficacy. Pressure ulcer prevention program was composed of patient's education using protocol and specific nursing care. The incidence of pressure ulcers was also measured during the 3 months period, and those were compared to the control group of 1789 patients from March to May, 2002. RESULTS: 118(6.27%) of the experimental group were high-risk with an incidence of pressure ulcers measuring 4 (0.21%). Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of our scale were 100%, 94%, 4%, 100%, respectively, and AUC(area under the curve) was 0.992. In the control group, the incidence of pressure ulcers was 11(0.61%). Statistical analyses using chi- squared tests with a significance level of 5%, the results were such that chi-square=3.6482(p=0.0561). The results proved to be statistically significant in borderline. CONCLUSION: The results from this study proved that pressure sore risk assessment scale based on Braden scale has an excellent efficacy, and shows that our pressure ulcer prevention program is partially effective in reducing pressure ulcer incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education , Incidence , Mass Screening , Neurosurgery , Nursing Care , Pressure Ulcer , Risk Assessment , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 93-98, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142263

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Many options are available for the incision and pocket selection in breast augmentation. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. To leave an invisible operation scar and to achieve easier pocket dissection by the central location of the incision on the breast, we made a transareolar-perinipple incision. To overcome the disadvantages of the transareolar incision, originally advocated by Pitanguy in 1973, we modified the direction of incision line and dissection plane. METHODS: To avoid the injury of 4th intercostal nerve responsible for nipple sensation, we made perinipple incision on the medial side of the nipple instead of trans-nipple incision and made the transareolar incision as 11-5 o'clock on the left side and 1-7 o'clock on the right side instead of 3-9 o'clock on both sides. To avoid the possible infection and breast feeding problem caused by the injury to the lactiferous duct, and the possible implant hernia caused by the incisions lying on a same plane of pocket dissection, we made a subcutaneous dissection just above the breast tissue medially down to the bottom of breast tissue and made a subglandular or subfascial pocket, which may avoid the injury of lactiferous duct and create different planes for skin incision and pocket dissection. Other advantages of the transareolar-perinipple incision include easier pocket dissection, less chance of hematoma, and as a result less postoperative pain because of the central location of the approach which allow finger dissection and meticulous bleeding control with direct vision, without any specialized instrument such as an endoscope or long mammary dissectors. As for pocket selection, we made dual pockets. We prefer subglandular or subfascial pocket. Also, we made a subpectoral pocket in the upper 1/4 of the pocket to add more volume on the upper part of the augmented breast, which can make aesthetically more desirable breasts in thin Asian women with small breasts. Possible disadvantages of our method are subclinical infection and scar widening, which could be overcome by meticulous operation techniques, antibiotic therapy, and intradermal tattooing. RESULTS: From September, 2003 to August, 2005, 12 patients underwent breast augmentation using round smooth surface saline implants by our method. During the mean follow-up period of 13 months, there were no complications such as infection, hematoma, capsular contracture, and sensory change of nipple, and results were satisfactory. CONCLUSION: We suggest breast augmentation via transareolar-perinipple incision and dual pockets(subpectoral-subglandular or subfascial) as a valuable method in thin oriental women with small breasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Asymptomatic Infections , Breast Feeding , Breast , Cicatrix , Contracture , Deception , Endoscopes , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hernia , Intercostal Nerves , Nipples , Pain, Postoperative , Sensation , Skin , Tattooing
10.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 93-98, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142262

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Many options are available for the incision and pocket selection in breast augmentation. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. To leave an invisible operation scar and to achieve easier pocket dissection by the central location of the incision on the breast, we made a transareolar-perinipple incision. To overcome the disadvantages of the transareolar incision, originally advocated by Pitanguy in 1973, we modified the direction of incision line and dissection plane. METHODS: To avoid the injury of 4th intercostal nerve responsible for nipple sensation, we made perinipple incision on the medial side of the nipple instead of trans-nipple incision and made the transareolar incision as 11-5 o'clock on the left side and 1-7 o'clock on the right side instead of 3-9 o'clock on both sides. To avoid the possible infection and breast feeding problem caused by the injury to the lactiferous duct, and the possible implant hernia caused by the incisions lying on a same plane of pocket dissection, we made a subcutaneous dissection just above the breast tissue medially down to the bottom of breast tissue and made a subglandular or subfascial pocket, which may avoid the injury of lactiferous duct and create different planes for skin incision and pocket dissection. Other advantages of the transareolar-perinipple incision include easier pocket dissection, less chance of hematoma, and as a result less postoperative pain because of the central location of the approach which allow finger dissection and meticulous bleeding control with direct vision, without any specialized instrument such as an endoscope or long mammary dissectors. As for pocket selection, we made dual pockets. We prefer subglandular or subfascial pocket. Also, we made a subpectoral pocket in the upper 1/4 of the pocket to add more volume on the upper part of the augmented breast, which can make aesthetically more desirable breasts in thin Asian women with small breasts. Possible disadvantages of our method are subclinical infection and scar widening, which could be overcome by meticulous operation techniques, antibiotic therapy, and intradermal tattooing. RESULTS: From September, 2003 to August, 2005, 12 patients underwent breast augmentation using round smooth surface saline implants by our method. During the mean follow-up period of 13 months, there were no complications such as infection, hematoma, capsular contracture, and sensory change of nipple, and results were satisfactory. CONCLUSION: We suggest breast augmentation via transareolar-perinipple incision and dual pockets(subpectoral-subglandular or subfascial) as a valuable method in thin oriental women with small breasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Asymptomatic Infections , Breast Feeding , Breast , Cicatrix , Contracture , Deception , Endoscopes , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hernia , Intercostal Nerves , Nipples , Pain, Postoperative , Sensation , Skin , Tattooing
11.
Journal of the Korean Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association ; : 143-145, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220664

ABSTRACT

Kerion celsi is most inflammatory presentation of tinea capitis, which is consisted of pustules and area of crusting, either localized or diffuse. It is considered to be an exaggerated cell mediated response to fungus. It is caused by a number of different fungal species of the genera Trichophyton and Microsporum. In Korea, the vast majority of infections are caused by Microsporum canis, a zoophilic species spread primarily by cats and dogs. This lesion may easily be misinterpreted as bacterial infection, particularly an abscess in the emergency room or outpatient clinic. It's important to keep kerion celsi for differential diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. In this article, we report the case of kerion celsi misinterpreted as bacterial abscess, which developed after trauma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Abscess , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Bacterial Infections , Diagnosis, Differential , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fungi , Korea , Microsporum , Tinea Capitis , Trichophyton
12.
Journal of the Korean Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 770-772, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172400

ABSTRACT

Nodular fasciitis is an unusual benign tumor which is composed of myofibroblast. Typical histologic findings include haphazardly arranged pleomorphic arranged spindle cells in a myxoid stroma. These lesions may easily be misinterpreted as malignancy clinically and histologically because it presents as a rapidly growing mass from subcutaneous or deep fascia. These lesions are usually located over upper extremity and rarely in the head and neck region. It's important to emphasize the need of clinical suspicion and accurate histopathology of this rare benign lesion usually misdiagnosed as a malignacy to avoid unnecessary and inappropriate aggressive wide resection, when encountering subcutaneous nodules of the face and neck region. In this article, we report a rare case of Nodular fasciitis on the Nose and some reviews of the literature.


Subject(s)
Fascia , Fasciitis , Head , Myofibroblasts , Neck , Nose , Upper Extremity
13.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 219-226, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39995

ABSTRACT

Perinatal transmission and infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in early childhood were observed in the offsprings of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive mothers who had been vaccinated against HBV immediately after giving birth. This prophylaxis failure of perinatal HBV infection is likely due to the interplay of the virus and host immune response. To investigate whether the HLA polymorphism affected the outcome of the perinatal prophylaxis, HLA class I (HLA-A, B and Cw) and class II (HLA-DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 and DPB1) were typed using serology, PCR-SSOP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific oligonucleotide probe), and PCR-ARMS (amplification refractory modification system) methods in 22 HBeAg-positive mothers and their 10 prophylaxis-succeeded and 12 prophylaxis- failed children. The HLA types of the mothers and their children were compared with 198 HBsAg-negative healthy controls in a Korean population. HLA-B35 (relative risk=4.2, p<0.01), B51 (relative risk=3.2, p<0.02), DRB1*07 (relative risk=3.8, p<0.03), and DQA1*02 (relative risk=3.8, p<0.03) alleles were more frequent in HBeAg-positive mothers than in the controls. Also, HLA-DRB1*13 (relative risk=0.1, p<0.02) and DPB1*0401 (relative risk=0.1, p<0.02) alleles were less frequent in HBeAg-positive mothers. However, HLA alleles did not affect the outcome of the perinatal prophylaxis against HBV. These results suggest that the reported influences of some HLA alleles on the natural chronic HBV infections may not operate in the HBV infections in children received perinatal prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Alleles , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , HLA-B35 Antigen , Mothers , Parturition
14.
Journal of Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry ; : 178-183, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64267

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of 7 putative pathogens in endodontic infections. The specimens were collected from infected pulpal tissue of patients who were referred for root canal treatment to the department of conservative dentistry, Chosun University. Samples were collected aseptically using a barbed broach and a paper point. The cut barbed broaches and paper points were transferred to an eppendorf tube containing 500 ml of 1 X PBS. DNAs were extracted from the samples by direct DNA extraction method using lysis buffer (0.5% EDTA, 1% Triton X-100). Identification of 7 putative pathogens was performed by PCR based on 16S rDNA. The target species were as follows: Porphyromonas endodontalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella nigrescens, Bacteroides forsythus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and Treponema denticola. Our data revealed that the prevalence of P. endodontalis was found in 88.6% (39/54), P. gingivalis 52.3% (23/44), P. nigrescens 18.2% (8/44), P. intermedia 15.9% (7/44), B. forsythus 18.2% (8/44), A. actinomycetemcomitans 2.3% (1/44), T. denticola 25% (11/44) of the samples. The high prevalence of P. endodontalis and P. gingivalis suggests that they may play an important role in the etiology of endodontic infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Bacteroides , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentistry , DNA , DNA, Ribosomal , Edetic Acid , Neptune , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Porphyromonas endodontalis , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevalence , Prevotella intermedia , Prevotella nigrescens , Treponema denticola
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