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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897828

ABSTRACT

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma comprises 2.1% of the total number of cancers in South Korea. Among those, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) comprises the largest percentage. Nutrition interventions have been highlighted because nutritional status in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has a significant impact on treatment and prognosis, but relevant studies are inadequate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to share the case of a nutrition intervention for a patient with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma underlying chronic kidney disease who was comorbid with tumor lysis syndrome, which was a complication of a specific chemotherapy. The subject is a 76-year-old patient who was diagnosed with DLBCL. He had abdominal pain, constipation, and anorexia. After chemotherapy, he experienced the tumor lysis syndrome. The patient's condition was continuously monitored, and various nutrition interventions, such as nutrition counseling and education, provision of therapeutic diet, oral nutritional supplement, change of meal plans, and parenteral nutrition support were attempted. As a result of the nutrition intervention, oral intake was increased from 27% of the energy requirement to 70% and from 23% of the protein requirement to 77%. Despite the various nutrition interventions during the hospitalization, there were no improvements in weight and nutrition-related biochemical parameters or malnutrition. However, it was meaningful in that the patient was managed to prevent worsening and the planned third chemotherapy could be performed. These results can be used as the basis for establishing guidelines for nutritional interventions customized to patients under the same conditions.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890124

ABSTRACT

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma comprises 2.1% of the total number of cancers in South Korea. Among those, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) comprises the largest percentage. Nutrition interventions have been highlighted because nutritional status in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has a significant impact on treatment and prognosis, but relevant studies are inadequate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to share the case of a nutrition intervention for a patient with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma underlying chronic kidney disease who was comorbid with tumor lysis syndrome, which was a complication of a specific chemotherapy. The subject is a 76-year-old patient who was diagnosed with DLBCL. He had abdominal pain, constipation, and anorexia. After chemotherapy, he experienced the tumor lysis syndrome. The patient's condition was continuously monitored, and various nutrition interventions, such as nutrition counseling and education, provision of therapeutic diet, oral nutritional supplement, change of meal plans, and parenteral nutrition support were attempted. As a result of the nutrition intervention, oral intake was increased from 27% of the energy requirement to 70% and from 23% of the protein requirement to 77%. Despite the various nutrition interventions during the hospitalization, there were no improvements in weight and nutrition-related biochemical parameters or malnutrition. However, it was meaningful in that the patient was managed to prevent worsening and the planned third chemotherapy could be performed. These results can be used as the basis for establishing guidelines for nutritional interventions customized to patients under the same conditions.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713975

ABSTRACT

The demand for hospice services as well as for ‘well-dying’ of terminal patients is increasing as patient financial burden is decreasing due to National Health Insurance coverage for hospice care. Hospice institutions utilize interdisciplinary teams comprising doctors, nurses, dietitians, and other health staffs to provide comprehensive patient management. This report examined the nutritional status of a hospice patient from admission to death as well as the nutrition management of this patient in the hospice ward through nutrition interventions performed by a dietitian in the interdisciplinary team. The patient in the present case was a 74-year-old man diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer who died after 26 days of hospice care following transfer from the general ward. During hospice care, the dietitian monitored the patient's nutritional status and performed 8 nutrition interventions, but his oral intake decreased as the patient's symptoms worsened. The average energy intake rates were 30% and 17% of required rates for oral and artificial nutrition, respectively. In line with a report suggesting that the main focus of nutrition in palliative care should be on improving the quality of life and reducing worry in patients, rather than aggressive nutritional management, there is a need for nutrition interventions that are personalized to individual patients by monitoring progress and offering continuous counseling from the time of admission. In addition, further studies such as comparative analysis of nutritional management in Korean hospice ward will be needed for better nutrition management for terminally ill patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Counseling , Energy Intake , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Hospice Care , Hospices , Humans , National Health Programs , Nutritional Status , Nutritionists , Palliative Care , Patients' Rooms , Quality of Life , Terminally Ill
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202748

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to provide a basis for the development of a safety manual for kitchen accident prevention by identifying the safety situation and awareness through risk assessment of kitchen areas. The study was conducted in two phases. First, kitchen accidents and area risk assessment were investigated from February 2014 to September 2014, after which safety awareness of hospital foodservice employees was assessed in a survey. The results of this study were as followes. All of the respondents were women. The evaluation point of kitchen area risk assessment was reduced by 14%. After improvement, an initial score of 108 points decreased to 93 points. The number of accidents was also reduced by 78%; 14 accidents were decreased to three. The most common area of accidents was the kitchen area (58.8%), and burns was the most common accident (35.3%). Most of the employees deemed "enough staff" as the most major factor for good foodservice. "High indoor temperature and poor ventilation in the kitchen area" was chosen as the most common problem in the foodservice workplace. Taken together, our study quantitatively evaluated safety issues in hospital foodservice kitchen areas and provides a basis for the development of a safety manual for kitchen accident prevention.


Subject(s)
Accident Prevention , Burns , Surveys and Questionnaires , Female , Humans , Risk Assessment , Ventilation
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128562

ABSTRACT

In this study, we attempted to improve hospital food delivery service quality and customer satisfaction by using FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis), which is applied to the quality control of products in manufacturing plants. Subjective food delivery service quality improvement was judged based on a 5-point likert scale. Traditional FMEA uses an RPN (Risk priority number) to evaluate the risk level of a component or process. The RPN index was determined by calculating the product of severity, occurrence, and detection indexes. In our results, total RPN value (P<0.01) significantly decreased after FMEA introduction, whereas customer satisfaction (P<0.001) and food delivery service quality (P<0.001) significantly increased. Specifically, foodservice errors (P<0.01) and loss cost (P<0.01) were significantly improved by FMEA introduction. Taken together, we suggest that FMEA reduces critical activities and errors in foodservice delivery caused by simple priority selection.


Subject(s)
Quality Control , Quality Improvement
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147484

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we aimed to compare the results from nutritional risk screening based on nursing records with those using the Catholic Medical Center Nutritional Risk Screening (CMCNRS) tool. A cross-sectional study was performed involving 91 patients aged > or = 18 years from an intensive care unit. We collected general characteristics of the patients and nutrition screening was conducted for each patient by using computerized hospital program for the nursing records as well as the CMCNRS conducted by clinical dietitians. The subjects were aged 64.0 +/- 17.5 years, and 52 (57.1%) patients had a NPO (nothing by mouth) status. Neurological disease was the most common diagnosis (25.3%). Compared with the CMCNRS results from the clinical dietitians, the results for the nursing records had a sensitivity of 40.5% (95% CI 32.0-40.5) and a specificity of 100.0% (95% CI 92.8-100.0). The agreement was fair between the CMCNRS results obtained by clinical dietitians and the nursing records (k = 0.423). Analysis of the errors from the screening using the nursing records revealed significant differences for all subjective indicators (p < 0.001), compared with the CMCNRS by the clinical dietitians. Thus, after assessing the methods used for nutrition screening and the differences in the search results regarding malnourished status, we noted that the nursing records had a lower sensitivity than the screening by the CMCNRS.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Malnutrition , Mass Screening , Nursing Records , Nutritionists , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43423

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of custom nutrition education on dietary intakes and clinical parameters in patients diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. A total of 34 patients visited the anemia clinic of Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital. Among these, only 16 patients were available for follow-ups. A follow-up was conducted by a clinical dietitian 2 months from the first nutrition education session. Patients were all women. For custom nutrition education, we investigated anthropometric data, dietary assessment (24 hr-recall, FFQ), and self-recognized anemic symptoms. Weight did not show a significant difference but hemoglobin, hematocrit (P<0.01), serum iron, and serum ferritin (P<0.05) were significantly increased after the nutrition education. Serum total iron binding capacity was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Self-recognized symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue (P<0.001), shortness of breath, headache (P<0.01), brittle nails, and sore tongue (P<0.05) were significantly improved. Daily intakes of protein (P<0.05), total iron (P<0.01), and animal iron (P<0.001) were significantly increased. A significantly negative correlation was observed between current serum iron and the intake of carbohydrates, fat, or phosphorus (P<0.05). But current serum ferritin showed a significantly positive correlation with the frequency of intake of meat, poultry, and fish. It could be concluded that the custom nutrition education might be effective on quality of diet as well as iron status and it might also improve the clinical parameters in patients diagnosed with the iron deficiency anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Animals , Carbohydrates , Diet , Dizziness , Dyspnea , Fatigue , Female , Ferritins , Follow-Up Studies , Headache , Hematocrit , Hemoglobins , Humans , Iron , Meat , Nails , Phosphorus , Poultry , Tongue
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167880

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of nutrition education at worksite program in male workers. The subjects were 75 male workers who had received nutrition education by a clinical dietitian for 4 months. The anthropometric data, blood pressure and biochemical blood indices were measured before and after nutrition education. Dietary habits and lifestyle were investigated by self-administered questionnaires. Nutrients intake was determined by 24-hour dietary recall method. The results showed significant decreases in body mass index (p < 0.05), fasting blood sugar (p < 0.01), total cholesterol (p < 0.05), and LDL-cholesterol (p < 0.05) after nutrition education. The correlation analyses among anthropometric and clinical parameters after nutrition education indicated that there was a significantly positive correlations between blood pressure and weight, r-GTP. A significantly positive correlations was observed between fasting blood sugar and triglycerides. A significantly positive correlations was observed between triglycerides and body mass index, r-GTP, SGPT. A significantly positive correlations was observed between SGPT and weight, body mass index. A significantly negative correlations was observed between HDL-cholesterol and weight. It could be concluded that nutrition education might be effective tool to improve anthropometric measures and clinical parameters in male workers. Continuing and systematic nutritional management programs should be developed and implemented for male workers at the worksites to maintain optimal health status.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Cholesterol , Education , Fasting , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Life Style , Liver Function Tests , Male , Triglycerides , Workplace , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152005

ABSTRACT

Currently, metabolic surgery (Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, LRYGB) has an important role and should be recommended as an intervention in the management of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A successful outcome of surgery requires medical nutrition therapy. Therefore, we performed a retrospective study on 25 patients with T2DM who underwent LRYGB at Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital from October 2008 to May 2010. The patients were followed up for an average of 6 months after surgery (range: 2~19 months). Diabetes was resolved in 80% of the patients. Percentage of excess weight loss was (%EWL) was 56.2%. After surgery, fasting blood sugar (FBS) and HbA1c were significantly reduced (123 mg/dl, A1c 6.7%, P<0.001) and triglyceride was also significantly reduced to 107.6 mg/dl (P<0.05). As diets of the patients progressed from liquid to soft to regular diet, energy, carbohydrates, and fat intakes increased significantly (P<0.001). But protein intake did not change significantly. Nutrient intake of the patients after the surgery was significantly lower than the recommended diet for the non-surgery group. Patients experienced side-effects related to the diets after surgery, including hair-loss (76%), smelly gas (52%), vomiting (48%), etc. A significantly positive correlation was observed between vomiting and FBS (P<0.001). There was a significant relationship between side effects and the amount of nutrient intakes. Therefore, guide patients to a diet progression with treatment to minimize side effects, especially vomiting. And monitor their dietary life to be healthy and not to regain weight until remission of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Carbohydrates , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diet , Fasting , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Nutrition Therapy , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Retrospective Studies , Vomiting , Weight Loss
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67411

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of postoperative medical nutrition therapy on patients who had undergone bariatric surgery. Eighty seven patients who underwent bariatic-surgery at Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital from January 2007 to April 2009 were evaluated. The bariatric surgery patients included 42 Laparoscopic Roux-en Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and 45 Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) patients. Weight loss was more significant after LRYGB than after LAGB after 9 months (p<0.05). The LRYGB group was more satisfied with the weight loss (LRYGB 4.4/5.0, LAGB 3.0/5.0 p<0.001). The mean albumin, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were significantly lower in the LRYGB group than in the LAGB group at the time of discharge (p<0.05~0.001). The GOT/GPT was significantly higher in the LRYGB group at the time of the operation than the LAGB group (p<0.01). The LRYGB group showed significantly lower intakes of total energy, carbohydrates, protein and fat from 1 week after surgery than the LAGB group. Multiple regression showed that the weight change after LRYGB was significantly more associated with the intakes of total energy at 1 week after surgery (p<0.01), SWS (sweets and high-calorie beverages) at 1 and 6 months after surgery (p<0.001), and fat at 3 months after surgery (p<0.01). In addition, LAGB was significantly more associated with the intakes of protein and NLS (non-liquid sweets) at 1 week after surgery (p<0.001, p<0.01), carbohydrate at 1 months after surgery (p<0.01), total energy at 3 months after surgery (p<0.001), HCL (high-calorie liquids) at 6 months after surgery (p<0.05), and fat at 9 months after surgery (p<0.01). These results suggest that continuous-follow-up medical nutrition therapy is needed according to the types of bariatric surgery, particularly during the weight loss phase (the first 1 week to 12 months).


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , Carbohydrates , Gastric Bypass , Hematocrit , Hemoglobins , Humans , Nutrition Therapy , Weight Loss
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223838

ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is being widely used in an attempt to treat many hematological diseases such as leukemia, anemia, and lymphoma. To evaluate the success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, it is very important to determine how rapidly engraftment occurs. Therefore, this retrospective study was conducted to determine which factors affected the term of engraftment during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, while focusing on the oral intake status. To accomplish this, 416 patients who underwent transplant operations at St. Mary's hospital from May 2006 to April 2008 were evaluated. The long-term engraftment group was characterized as having longer fasting days and more frequent vomiting, diarrhea, and oral mucositis incidences than the short-term engraftment group. In addition, the inhibitors of oral intake such as vomiting, diarrhea, and oral mucositis developed frequently between the pre-transplantation and 2 weeks after transplantation. A significantly negative correlation was observed between the oral intake volume and the duration of the oral intake inhibitors. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the frequency of vomiting and oral mucositis during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the length of hospitalization, and the hematocrit level in the 2 weeks after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were significant predictors of engraftment. The results of this study could be used to establish a guideline for nutritional assessment, nutritional goals, and nutritional support for patients during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Diarrhea , Fasting , Hematocrit , Hematologic Diseases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Leukemia , Lymphoma , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Retrospective Studies , Stomatitis , Transplants , Vomiting
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105444

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the association between the period of engraftment and the nutritional status of patient's undergoing bone marrow transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Nutritional status was evaluated by body mass index (BMI), percentage of ideal body weight (PIBW), percentage of weight loss, and serum albumin, total protein (T protein), hemoglobin (HGB) and hematocrit (HCT) levels on the day prior to transplantation and on the day of bone marrow transplantation. The periods of engraftment were determined by absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) above 500 /mm3 from the day of bone marrow transplantation. The study subjects were 80 patients (55 males, 25 females) with acute myelogenous leukemia admitted to the University Hospital in Seoul. The result of this study is as follows : The nutritional status values of the majority of patients on the day prior to transplantation were in the normal range except for HGB and HCT; however, during hospitalization, all of the levels of the nutritional status values were significantly decreased. The periods of engraftment of the abnormal group according to their BMI, PIBW, HGB and HCT levels on the day of bone marrow transplantation showed no difference when compared to the normal group. However, the periods of engraftment of the abnormal group, according to the percentage of weight loss, albumin, and T protein levels were significantly decreased when compared to the normal group. Therefore, the nutritional status of patients at the time of transplant had a noticeable influence on the periods of engraftment. Our results suggested that nutritional status is a critical factor of engraftment in BMT during pre-transplant and post-transplant. Futhermore, we recommend that the process of nutritional preparation for the transplant should initiate immediately after the transplant decision has been made.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Hematocrit , Hospitalization , Humans , Ideal Body Weight , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Male , Neutrophils , Nutritional Status , Reference Values , Seoul , Serum Albumin , Weight Loss
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