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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914111

ABSTRACT

Background@#Most isolated greater trochanter (IGT) fractures are treated conservatively. However, some require surgical fixation although indications for surgery have not yet been established. Many surgeons perform surgical fixation when the intertrochanteric extension crosses the midline on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Nevertheless, for mechanical strength, cortical bone integrity is more important than that of intramedullary cancellous trabeculae. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical usefulness of multiplanar reformation computed tomography (MPR CT) in determining treatment strategies for IGT fractures. @*Methods@#We evaluated 99 cases of suspected IGT fractures between October 2004 and December 2019. They were 66 women and 33 men with a mean age of 77 years. The mean follow-up period was 34 months. Most patients were evaluated with plain radiographs, followed by additional imaging study via MPR CT in 65 cases, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 5 cases, and both in 17 cases. Typically, fractures were fixed surgically when a cortical breakage was detected in the intertrochanteric area on MPR CT, while fractures without evidence of cortical breakage on MPR CT were treated conservatively. @*Results@#In 13 out of 82 cases evaluated by MPR CT, incomplete cortical breakage in the intertrochanteric area was detected, of which 10 were treated surgically. The remaining 3 cases were treated conservatively due to patient’s refusal, poor medical condition, and failure to detect breakage. Of 69 cases without cortical breakage, 61 cases were successfully treated conservatively.Among the 17 cases evaluated by both MPR CT and MRI, cortical breakage was detected in 3, of which the intertrochanteric extension crossed the midline on the MR image only in 1 case. Of the remaining 14 cases without breakage, the intertrochanteric extension crossed the midline in 5. Among these 5 cases, 3 were treated conservatively. @*Conclusions@#The results suggest that MPR CT is a useful imaging modality for further evaluation of IGT fractures. It was especially valuable in evaluating cortical bone integrity, which may be more critical for fracture stability.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914110

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Bencox M stem is a mid-short type 1 stem with additional unique design features. It has a reduced stem length and a lateral shoulder to facilitate minimally invasive surgery, as well as an angular lateral shoulder and a trapezoidal neck to minimize stem-liner impingement. There have been many mid-term reports on type 1 stems, but no results have been reported so far on this novel design type 1 femoral stem. This study presents the clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty performed with the M stem after a minimum 5-year follow-up. @*Methods@#From July 2014 to February 2015, 125 primary total hip arthroplasties using the M cementless femoral stem were performed on 112 patients in our hospital. Among them, 94 patients (106 hips) were eligible for the study and were followed up for more than 5 years. Our primary outcome was clinical results, which were evaluated by the Harris Hip Score (HHS), thigh pain, noise, and other complications. Secondary outcome was radiological outcomes. Seventy-seven hips were evaluated radiologically with attention to implant fixation, migration, loosening of component, degree of stress shielding, radiolucent lines, focal osteolysis, heterotopic ossification, and the evidence of impingement between the stem and liner. @*Results@#The average HHS improved from 54.6 points (range, 24–67 points) to 96.8 points (range, 91–100 points) at the latest follow-up. Three hips (2.8%) had intermittent thigh pain, which was tolerable without medication. Five hips (4.7%) had ceramicrelated noise. There were no other complications such as infection, nerve injury, dislocation, or revision. All implants showed radiographic evidence of stable fixation by bone ingrowth without migration. Fifty-seven hips (74%) showed mild femoral stress shielding. Distal cortical hypertrophy was detected in 7 hips (9%), and heterotopic ossification was observed in 17 hips (22%). No implant demonstrated focal osteolysis and notching of the femoral neck or shoulder on radiographs. @*Conclusions@#The minimum 5-year results of total hip arthroplasty performed with the M cementless femoral stem were encouraging clinically and radiologically. A long-term follow-up will be necessary to evaluate its longevity.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937388

ABSTRACT

Background@#Incomplete fractures are assumed to occur in the intertrochanteric area as fractures at other sites, but reports of incomplete intertrochanteric fractures (IIFs) are rare. In 1999, Schultz et al. defined isolated greater trochanter fractures (GTFs) as IIFs when intertrochanteric extension is observed on magnetic resonance (MR) images. On multiplanar reformation computed tomography (MPR CT) images acquired for further study of apparently isolated GTFs, we noted incomplete cortical breakage in the intertrochanteric area. We then found that the fracture line was incomplete on plain radiographs in some intertrochanteric fractures. We evaluated IIFs and apparently isolated GTFs using MPR CT and analyzed the fracture patterns of IIFs that were confirmed using MPR CT. @*Methods@#Between February 2006 and June 2019, 36 cases of IIF were detected using MPR CT in 36 patients. They were 17 women and 19 men with a mean age of 74.7 years (range, 26–94 years). Plain radiographs and MPR CT images were evaluated by two experienced orthopedic surgeons. In addition, MR imaging was performed in 5 cases. @*Results@#Plain radiographs showed no evidence of fracture in 2 cases, isolated GTF in 7 cases, and IIF in 27 cases. In all cases, incomplete cortical breakage in the intertrochanteric area was confirmed on MPR CT images. Cortical breakage was located in the anterior portion of the intertrochanteric area, whereas the posterior portion remained intact in all cases. The detection rate of cortical breakage was higher on coronal or sagittal images than that on axial images. On MR images of 5 cases, intertrochanteric extensions were found in the medullary space. All extensions originated in the greater trochanter area and extended anteriorly in the axial plane and inferomedially in the coronal plane. On the T1-weighted mid-coronal image, the extension reached or passed the midline in 3 cases, and cortical breakage was detected in only 2 cases. @*Conclusions@#In all cases of IIF, cortical breakage was detected in the anterior portion of the proximal femur, leaving the posterior cortex intact. This finding is notably different from that of intertrochanteric extension (from posterior to anterior) detected on MR images of isolated GTFs.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924877

ABSTRACT

Background@#The current trend of using short femoral stems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with angular deviation of the femoral stem towards the native femoral axis. The purpose of this study was to compare the difference in stem tilt angle between two different stems with a similar design except for the stem length. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective review of 66 patients who underwent primary THA between April 2012 and May 2016, using a trans-gluteal direct lateral approach by a single surgeon. We evaluated the femoral stem tilt angle in both the coronal and sagittal planes and performed multivariate logistic regression analysis to evaluate possible risk factors. We also simulated the range of motion (ROM) of the hip joint using three-dimensional computer-aided design software (SolidWorks, 2016) to examine the clinical significance of femoral stem tilt. @*Results@#The mean coronal tilt angle was 1.8° ± 1.0° in the conventional stem group and 1.6° ± 1.1° in the short stem group, showing no statistically significant difference between the groups (p = 0.570). However, the mean sagittal tilt angle was 4.0° ± 2.0° in the conventional stem group and 7.8° ± 2.0° in the short stem group (p < 0.001). The stem type and stem length had a linear correlation with the sagittal tilt angle (p < 0.001) in multivariate regression analysis. A simulated hip ROM demonstrated a 3.8° decrease in extension in proportion to a 3.8° increase in the mean sagittal stem tilt angle of the short femoral stem. @*Conclusions@#Anterior femoral stem tilting in the sagittal plane was prominent when the shorter stem was used, and anterior tilting was responsible for decreased ROM in hip extension.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874511

ABSTRACT

Background@#Outcomes of traditional treatment for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) are not always satisfactory. Hence, cell-supplementation therapy has been attempted to facilitate necrotic-tissue regeneration. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) transplantation is potentially advantageous over bone marrow-derived MSC implantation, but its outcomes for ONFH remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine 2-year radiological and clinical outcomes of culture-expanded autologous ADMSC implantation for ONFH. @*Methods@#Eighteen hips with necrotic lesions involving ≥ 30% of the femoral head were included. ADMSCs were harvested by liposuction and culture expanded for 3 passages over 3 weeks. With a 6-mm single drilling, ADMSCs were implanted into the necrotic zone. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) at screening and 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months postoperatively. The primary outcome was the change in the size of necrotic area on MRI. Secondary outcomes were changes in clinical scores and radioisotope uptake on SPECT/CT. Conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA) was defined as the endpoint. @*Results@#Preoperatively, the necrotic lesion extent was 63.0% (38.4%–96.7%) of the femoral head. The mean Harris hip score was 89.2, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score was 5.6, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis index (WOMAC) was 79.4. Three patients underwent THA and 1 patient died in an accident. Finally, 11 patients (14 hips) were available for ≥ 2-year follow-up. At the last follow-up, no surgery-related complications occurred, and 14 of 17 hips (82%) were able to perform daily activities without THA requirement. There was no significant decrease in lesion size between any 2 intervals on MRI.However, widening of high signal intensity bands on T2-weighted images inside the necrotic lesion was observed in 9 of 14 hips (64%); 11 of 14 hips (79%) showed increased vascularity on SPECT/CT at 2 years postoperatively. No significant differences were observed between preoperative and 24-month mean Harris hip score (89.2 vs. 88.6), WOMAC (79.4 vs. 75.7), and UCLA score (5.6 vs. 6.2). @*Conclusions@#Our outcomes suggest that culture-expanded ADMSC implantation is a viable option for ONFH treatment without adverse events.

6.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 40-44, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914515

ABSTRACT

There have been some reports of gross trunnion failure (GTF) in total hip arthroplasty. Here, we report a case of GTF 19 years after bipolar hemiarthroplasty using a 28-mm head with a 14/16 taper bore. Compared to other GTF reports, the current case had some unusual aspects: bipolar hemiarthroplasty, 28-mm head, relatively lateonset, and no apparent findings of metallosis though a severe one was evident. A Computed tomography scout view provided valuable information in evaluating polyethylene, metal head, and neck inside the bipolar cup. The current report suggests a need for concerned regarding short trunnion length which may be associated with GTF.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831971

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an autosomal dominant disorder. The lesion in the proximal femoral metaphysis can bring about hip dysplasia and subsequent degenerative arthritis. Due to its rare prevalence, there have been a few case reports of total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis secondary to HME. The aim of this study was to report mid- to long-term outcomes of THA in HME patients and discuss special considerations that should be taken into account during surgery. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and radiological results of THA for osteoarthritis secondary to HME in 11 hips of 9 patients after a minimum follow-up of 5 years (mean, 9.9 years). There were 3 men (3 hips) and 6 women (8 hips), with a mean age of 53.6 years (range, 46.8–58 years) at the index surgery in this study. Harris hip score (HHS) was used for clinical outcome assessment, and radiologically, implant stability, radiolucent lines, liner wear, and any sign of osteolysis or implant loosening were evaluated. Postoperative complications including infection, deep vein thrombosis, and dislocations were also investigated. @*Results@#Cemented stems and cementless cups with the conventional polyethylene liner were used in bilateral hips of a single patient. In the other cases, cementless implants were used with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings. The mean HHS improved from 34.8 preoperatively to 92.5 postoperatively. Polyethylene liner wear and osteolysis were observed in 1 patient with cemented stems. Radiolucent lines were observed in 2 different cases. However, the femoral stems remained stable. There were no surgery-related complications except heterotopic ossification during follow-up. @*Conclusions@#Despite the several surgical considerations, the mid- to long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of THA in HME patients were satisfactory. The abnormal, wide mediolateral diameter of the proximal metaphysis should be considered in selecting and inserting the stem with adequate anteversion. Leg length discrepancy was also common, so teleradiographs should be obtained before surgery. Intraoperative leg length evaluation might be difficult due to the morphologic changes in the proximal femur after mass excision and individual bone length differences.

8.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 156-160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890837

ABSTRACT

Mechanisms of ceramic liner fractures have not yet been fully elucidated. Impingement between a stem and ceramic liner is a proposed cause of ceramic liner fractures. We experienced a case of ceramic liner fracture caused by direct impingement between the stem shoulder and the ceramic liner. This type of impingement, unlike impingements with a stem neck, has not been previously reported. While we assume that certain characteristics of the stem contributed to the impingement, we report this case to note that caution may be needed when using certain stem designs.

9.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 156-160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898541

ABSTRACT

Mechanisms of ceramic liner fractures have not yet been fully elucidated. Impingement between a stem and ceramic liner is a proposed cause of ceramic liner fractures. We experienced a case of ceramic liner fracture caused by direct impingement between the stem shoulder and the ceramic liner. This type of impingement, unlike impingements with a stem neck, has not been previously reported. While we assume that certain characteristics of the stem contributed to the impingement, we report this case to note that caution may be needed when using certain stem designs.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763590

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The isolated liner and head exchange procedure has been an established treatment method for polyethylene wear and osteolysis when the acetabular component remains well fixed. In this study, the mid-term results of this procedure were evaluated retrospectively. METHODS: Among the consecutive patients operated on from September 1995, two patients (three hips) were excluded because of inadequate follow-up, and the results of remaining 34 patients (34 hips) were evaluated. There were 20 men and 14 women with a mean age of 49 years. A conventional polyethylene liner was used in 26 cases and a highly cross-linked polyethylene liner was used in eight cases. In three cases, the liner was cemented in a metal shell because a compatible liner could not be used. RESULTS: After a follow-up of 5 to 20.2 years, re-revision surgery was necessary in 10 cases (29.4%): in eight for wear and osteolysis at 55 to 101 months after liner exchange and in two for acetabular loosening at 1 and 1.5 years after liner exchange. Re-revision surgery included all component revision (four cases), cup revision (four cases), and liner exchange (two cases). In all re-revision cases, a conventional polyethylene liner was used initially. There was no failure in the cases in which a highly cross-linked polyethylene liner was used. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that isolated acetabular liner exchange is a reasonable option for wear and osteolysis when the metal shell is well fixed. More promising long-term results are expected with the use of highly cross-linked polyethylene liners.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Bone Screws , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation , Head , Humans , Humerus , Male , Methods , Osteolysis , Polyethylene , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adequate bone formation around titanium alloy implants is integral to successful implantation surgery. Stem cell-coated implants may accelerate peri-implant bone formation. This study investigates the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) pretreatment on a titanium-alloy surface in terms of proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs). METHODS: Allogenic leukocyte-depleted PRP was obtained from blood supernatants. The hADSCs were isolated from thigh subcutaneous fat tissue. Grit-blasted titanium plugs were used in two different groups. In one group, 200 µL of PRP was added to the grit-blasted titanium plugs. The hADSCs were seeded in two groups: grit-blasted titanium plugs with or without PRP. The number of hADSCs was measured after 4 hours, 3 days, and 7 days of culture using Cell Counting Kit-8. Osteogenesis of hADSCs was measured by using an alkaline phosphatase activity assay on days 7 and 14, and a calcium assay on days 14 and 21. Osteogenic gene expression was measured by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and type I collagen mRNA. The microscopic morphology of grit-blasted titanium plugs with or without PRP was examined with a field-emission scanning electron microscope using a JSM-7401F apparatus on days 1 and 7. RESULTS: Proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs were found to be significantly higher on the grit-blasted titanium alloy preprocessed with PRP than the same alloy without pretreatment. Furthermore, a structural fibrillar mesh developed compactly on the grit-blasted titanium alloy with the PRP pretreatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that a hADSC-based approach can be used for tissue-engineered peri-implant bone formation and that PRP pretreatment on the grit-blasted titanium alloy can improve proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Alloys , Calcium , Cell Count , Collagen Type I , Gene Expression , Humans , Osteocalcin , Osteogenesis , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger , Stem Cells , Subcutaneous Fat , Thigh , Titanium
12.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 162-167, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740431

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study presents the clinical and radiological outcomes of cementless total hip arthroplasty using the COREN hip system after a minimum duration of follow-up of 5 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the results of a consecutive series of the first 200 primary total hip arthroplasties that had been performed in our hospital in 169 patients between February 2007 and April 2011. Six patients (6 hips) had died within 5 years, and 12 patients (13 hips) had been lost to follow-up, leaving a total of 151 patients (181 hips) available for the study. All patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically with special attention to thigh pain, implant fixation, radiolucent line and osteolysis around implants. RESULTS: The mean Harris hip score improved from 59.4 preoperatively to 97.2 postoperatively. No patient complained of thigh pain. All implants demonstrated radiographic evidence of stable fixation by bone ingrowth without any change in position. No implant was loose radiographically or was revised. Eleven hips (7.7%) had a radiolucent line around the femoral stem. Focal osteolytic area was detected in 3 cases (2.1%). An osteolytic lesion was stabilized in 1 case and further observation was needed in 2 cases in which the lesions were detected several years after surgery. Stress shielding was observed in 80.3% of cases (first degree, 35.9%; second degree, 44.4%); there were no cases of third or fourth degree stress shielding. One case was complicated by bacterial infection and repeated dislocation. CONCLUSION: Mid-term results of total hip arthroplasty using the COREN hip system are very encouraging clinically and radiologically.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Bacterial Infections , Joint Dislocations , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Osteolysis , Thigh
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was performed to determine whether postoperative intravenous ferric carboxymaltose reduces transfusion amounts without influencing clinical outcomes in patients that have undergone hip surgery. METHODS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, the authors adopted a new perioperative blood management protocol involving the administration of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose after hip surgeries. One-to-one matching between the 150 patients treated during this period with 150 patients treated before initiation of the new protocol was performed by propensity scoring for age, sex, diagnosis, and type of hip surgery. Hematologic results and clinical outcomes in these two groups were compared. RESULTS: Average amounts of perioperative blood loss were not different in the two groups. Ninety-two patients (61%) were transfused in the control group and 70 patients (47%) were transfused in the intravenous ferric carboxymaltose group. The average number of transfused blood units was significantly lower in the intravenous ferric carboxymaltose group (1.7 ± 2.7 units vs. 1.0 ± 1.2 units, p = 0.002). At 6 weeks after surgery, the average hemoglobin concentration recovered to baseline in both groups, but the amount of recovered hemoglobin concentration at 6 weeks was significantly greater in the intravenous ferric carboxymaltose group than in the control group. Clinical outcomes including incidences of postsurgical complications were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that postoperative intravenous ferric carboxymaltose injection is associated with reduced transfusion amounts and that intravenous ferric carboxymaltose does not influence clinical outcomes after hip surgery.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Blood Transfusion , Diagnosis , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Orthopedics , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71105

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy is widely performed for high hip dislocation. However, suboptimal leg length discrepancy correction and nonunion of the osteotomy site remain concerns. Although total hip arthroplasty using trochanteric osteotomy without subtrochanteric osteotomy was introduced, cemented implants have been more commonly used than contemporary cementless implants in this procedure. We evaluated the long-term results of cementless total hip arthroplasty with trochanteric osteotomy without subtrochanteric osteotomy for high hip dislocation. METHODS: From 1990 to 2002, 27 cementless total hip arthroplasties using trochanteric osteotomy without subtrochanteric osteotomy were performed in 26 patients with Crowe III or IV high hip dislocation and a mean age of 36.4 ± 12.9 years. Seven ceramic-on-ceramic, 8 ceramic-on-polyethylene, 10 metal-on-polyethylene, and 2 metal-on-metal bearings were inserted. Mean follow-up was 15.1 ± 3.7 years. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and radiographic data and evaluated the clinical and radiological results including the Harris hip score, implant survival, correction of leg length discrepancy, and occurrence of complications. RESULTS: The mean Harris hip score and leg length discrepancy improved significantly from 73.3 to 94.9 points and from 4.3 cm to 1.0 cm, respectively. With revision for loosening set as the end point, implant survival rates at 10 and 15 years postoperatively were 96.0% and 90.9% for stems and 74.1% and 52.3% for cups. In 8 of 10 hips with the metal-on-polyethylene bearing and 4 of 8 hips with the ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing, revision surgery was performed for aseptic loosening. However, no revision was performed in hips with the ceramic-on-ceramic bearing or the metal-on-metal bearing. Implant survival was significantly different by the type of bearing surface. Two permanent neurologic complications occurred in patients with a limb lengthening over 3.5 cm. CONCLUSIONS: With proper selection of the bearing surface coupled with adjustment of lengthening, cementless total hip arthroplasty using trochanteric osteotomy without subtrochanteric osteotomy might be a favorable treatment option for high hip dislocation.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Crows , Joint Dislocations , Extremities , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Dislocation , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , Hip , Humans , Leg , Leg Length Inequality , Medical Records , Osteotomy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a relatively common and potentially life threatening complication after major hip surgery. There are two main types of prophylaxis: chemical and mechanical. Chemical prophylaxis is very effective but causes bleeding complications in surgical wounds and remote organs. On the other hand, mechanical methods are free of hemorrhagic complications but are less effective. We hypothesized that mechanical prophylaxis is effective enough for Asians in whom VTE occurs less frequently. This study evaluated the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in the prevention of VTE after major hip surgery. METHODS: Incidences of symptomatic VTE after primary total hip arthroplasty with and without application of IPC were compared. A total of 379 patients were included in the final analysis. The IPC group included 233 patients (106 men and 127 women) with a mean age of 54 years. The control group included 146 patients (80 men and 66 women) with a mean age of 53 years. All patients took low-dose aspirin for 6 weeks after surgery. IPC was applied to both legs just after surgery and maintained all day until discharge. When a symptom or a sign suspicious of VTE, such as swelling or redness of the foot and ankle, Homans' sign, and dyspnea was detected, computed tomography (CT) angiogram or duplex ultrasonogram was performed. RESULTS: Until 3 months after surgery, symptomatic VTE occurred in three patients in the IPC group and in 6 patients in the control group. The incidence of VTE was much lower in the IPC group (1.3%) than in the control group (4.1%), but the difference was not statistically significant. Complications associated with the application of IPC were not detected in any patient. Patients affected by VTE were older and hospitalized longer than the unaffected patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that IPC might be an effective and safe method for the prevention of postoperative VTE.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Asians , Aspirin , Dyspnea , Foot , Hand , Hemorrhage , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Leg , Male , Methods , Ultrasonography , Venous Thromboembolism , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218586

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and trends of clinically relevant venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after hip and knee replacement arthroplasty (HKRA) in Korea. Between January 1 and December 31, 2010, 22,127 hip replacement arthroplasty (HRA) patients and 52,882 knee replacement arthroplasty (KRA) patients were enrolled in the analysis using the administrative claims database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). All available parameters including procedure history and clinically relevant VTE during the 90 days after HKRA were identified based on diagnostic and electronic data interchange (EDI) codes. The overall incidence of VTE, DVT, and PE during the 90 days was 3.9% (n=853), 2.7% (n=597), and 1.5% (n=327) after HRA, while the incidence was 3.8% (n=1,990), 3.2% (n=1,699), and 0.7% (n=355) after KRA. The incidence of VTE after HKRA was significantly higher in patients who had previous VTE history (odds ratio [OR], 10.8 after HRA, OR, 8.5 after KRA), chronic heart failure (2.1, 1.3), arrhythmia (1.8, 1.7), and atrial fibrillation (3.4, 2.1) than in patients who did not. The VTE incidence in patients with chemoprophylaxis was higher than that in patients without chemoprophylaxis. The incidence of VTEs revealed in this retrospective review was not low compared with the results of the studies targeting other Asian or Caucasian populations. It may warrant routine prevention including employment of chemoprophylaxis. However, the limitation of the reviewed data mandates large scale prospective investigation to affirm this observation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Databases, Factual , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , National Health Programs , Odds Ratio , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651504

ABSTRACT

Osseointegration, the histological direct bone-to-implant contact, is the ultimate goal of implant healing and the first prerequisite for long-term success of endosseous implants. It is well-known that metal implants with rough surfaces achieve better osseointegration than those with smooth surfaces in vivo. The implantation of metal materials into bone is always accompanied by bleeding. The implant surface is initially coated with blood and these initial events could determine subsequent osseointegration. However, there is little concordance between in vitro results and in vivo findings regarding the effect of surface roughness on osseointegration. Here, we show that the osteoblast response to metal surfaces pre-treated with platelets and plasma proteins elucidates the superior osseointegration of rough surfaced implants in vivo. We found that osteoblast attachment, proliferation, and osteoblastic differentiation were significantly higher on a rough titanium surface pre-treated with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) than on the same surface without pretreatment. Furthermore, we found that the three-dimensional fibrillar network formed on the rough surface of the titanium by PRP pre-treatment might enhance osteoblast responses. Our results demonstrate why osseointegration is found to be most active on metal implants with a rough surface in vivo. We anticipate that our assay would be a useful tool for mimicking the in vivo model of osseointegration. Because cellular responses to the titanium implant that are pre-treated with platelet and plasma proteins on their surfaces after the biomimetic process in vitro, may be more similar to the events that occur in vivo.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Biomimetics , Blood Platelets , Blood Proteins , Hemorrhage , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Osseointegration , Osteoblasts , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Titanium
18.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 65-75, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207627

ABSTRACT

When performing cementless hip arthroplasty, it is critical to achieve firm primary mechanical stability followed by biological fixation. In order to achieve this, it is essential to fully understand characteristics of implant design. In this review, the authors review fixation principles for a variety of implants used for cementless hip replacement and considerations for making an optimal selection.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip
19.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 148-156, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126676

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Atypical femoral fracture (AFF), periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPFF) and femoral nonunion (FNU) are recalcitrant challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Teriparatide (TPTD) had been demonstrated to have anabolic effects on bone in various studies. We postulated that adjuvant TPTD after operation would enhance biologic stimulation for bone formation. We investigated (1) whether the adjuvant TPTD could achieve satisfactory union rate of surgically challenging cases such as displaced AFF, PPFF and FNU; (2) whether the adjuvant TPTD could promote development of abundant callus after surgical fixation; (3) whether the adjuvant TPTD had medically serious adverse effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients who agreed to off label use of TPTD in combination of operation were included in this retrospective case series. Median patients' age was 68.7 years, and there were three male and ten female patients. Their diagnoses were nonunion in six patients and acute fracture in seven. Medical records and radiographic images were reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve of thirteen fractures were united both clinically and radiologically within a year after adjuvant TPTD. Union completed radiologically median 5.4 months and clinically 5.7 months after the medication, respectively. Callus appeared abundantly showing median 1.4 of fracture healing response postoperatively. There was no serious adverse reaction of medication other than itching, muscle cramp, or nausea. CONCLUSION: Even appropriate surgical treatment is a mainstay of treatment for AFF, PPFF, and FNU, the current report suggested that adjuvant TPTD combined with stable fixation results in satisfactory outcome for the challenging fractures of femur.


Subject(s)
Anabolic Agents , Bony Callus , Diagnosis , Female , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Fracture Healing , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Muscle Cramp , Nausea , Off-Label Use , Orthopedics , Osteogenesis , Periprosthetic Fractures , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Teriparatide
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101618

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the data for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the Korean nationwide database to assess (1) the epidemiology and national trends of bearing surface usage in THAs and (2) the prevalence of each type of bearing surface according to age, gender, hospital type, primary payer, and hospital procedure volume. METHODS: A total of 30,881 THAs were analyzed using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database for 2007 through 2011. Bearing surfaces were sub-grouped according to device code for national health insurance claims and consisted of ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC), metal-on-polyethylene (MoP), ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP), and metal-on-metal (MoM). The prevalence of each type of bearing surface was calculated and stratified by age, gender, hospital type, primary payer, and procedure volume of each hospital. RESULTS: CoC was the most frequently used bearing surface (76.7%), followed by MoP (11.9%), CoP (7.3%), and MoM (4.1%). The proportion of THAs using a CoC bearing surface increased steadily from 71.6% in 2007 to 81.4% in 2011, whereas the proportions using CoP, MoP, and MoM bearing surfaces decreased. The order of prevalence was identical to that in the general population regardless of age, gender, hospital type, primary payer, and hospital procedure volume. CONCLUSIONS: The trends and epidemiology of bearing surface usage in THAs in Korea are different from those in other countries, and the CoC bearing surface is the most prevalent articulation. In future, the results of a large-scale study using nationwide data of THAs involving a CoC bearing surface will be reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Ceramics/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hip Prosthesis/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Metals/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Polyethylene/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea/epidemiology
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