Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 50
Filter
1.
Ultrasonography ; : 121-128, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969243

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The goal of this study was to follow benign thyroid nodules confirmed by ultrasound (US)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) after inconclusive cytology on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy. @*Methods@#Sixty-two thyroid nodules from 62 patients with CNB-confirmed benign histology that initially had inconclusive cytology on FNA were retrospectively included. The thyroid nodules were followed for 38.7 months (median, 27.5 months; range, 6 to 101 months), and the US findings of biopsied nodules, such as the interval change in size, US characteristics, and imaging category based on the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS), were evaluated. In addition, patients’ clinical records were reviewed for any further management or newly diagnosed thyroid malignancy. @*Results@#Among 62 cases, three (4.8%) showed interval size growth, while 59 (95.2%) demonstrated no interval change or a decrease in size. There was no upgrade of K-TIRADS category or any newly diagnosed malignancy during the follow-up period. @*Conclusion@#US-guided CNB-confirmed benign thyroid nodules with inconclusive cytology on FNA showed a stable status during follow-up, and repeated CNB could be helpful in the management of nodules with inconclusive cytology on FNA.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 284-292, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926412

ABSTRACT

To provide high-quality training to residents in a rapidly changing medical environment, it is very important to improve the annual training curriculum centered on competency and ensure that training hospitals maintain an environment suitable for training. The Korean Society of Radiology (KSR) has been steadily improving the training system and has suggested the improvement of the training system by strengthening the competency-based evaluation and faculty development. Currently, KSR was selected for the second annual training curriculum systematization construction project in July 2021, and developed entrustable professional activities, core competencies, and assessment guidelines required by the construction project. Therefore, the development process and assessment guidelines will be introduced to residents and the faculty.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902467

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

4.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 575-588, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901370

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is a systemic fibro-inflammatory disease characterized by pathologic findings in various organs. Imaging is critical for the diagnosis and treatment assessment of patients with IgG4-related disease. In this pictorial essay, we review the key features of multiple imaging modalities, typical pathologic findings, and differential diagnosis of IgG4-related disease. This systematic pictorial review can further our understanding of the broad-spectrum manifestations of this disease.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894763

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 575-588, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893666

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is a systemic fibro-inflammatory disease characterized by pathologic findings in various organs. Imaging is critical for the diagnosis and treatment assessment of patients with IgG4-related disease. In this pictorial essay, we review the key features of multiple imaging modalities, typical pathologic findings, and differential diagnosis of IgG4-related disease. This systematic pictorial review can further our understanding of the broad-spectrum manifestations of this disease.

7.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 2094-2123, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918179

ABSTRACT

Incidental thyroid nodules are commonly detected on ultrasonography (US). This has contributed to the rapidly rising incidence of low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma over the last 20 years. The appropriate diagnosis and management of these patients is based on the risk factors related to the patients as well as the thyroid nodules. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) published consensus recommendations for US-based management of thyroid nodules in 2011 and revised them in 2016. These guidelines have been used as the standard guidelines in Korea. However, recent advances in the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules have necessitated the revision of the original recommendations. The task force of the KSThR has revised the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System and recommendations for US lexicon, biopsy criteria, US criteria of extrathyroidal extension, optimal thyroid computed tomography protocol, and US follow-up of thyroid nodules before and after biopsy. The biopsy criteria were revised to reduce unnecessary biopsies for benign nodules while maintaining an appropriate sensitivity for the detection of malignant tumors in small (1–2 cm) thyroid nodules. The goal of these recommendations is to provide the optimal scientific evidence and expert opinion consensus regarding US-based diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules.

8.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1164-1174, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832937

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate a deep learning model to predict recurrence of thyroid tumor using preoperative ultrasonography (US). @*Materials and Methods@#We included representative images from 229 US-based patients (male:female = 42:187; mean age, 49.6 years) who had been diagnosed with thyroid cancer on preoperative US and subsequently underwent thyroid surgery. After selecting each representative transverse or longitudinal US image, we created a data set from the resulting database of 898 images after augmentation. The Python 2.7.6 and Keras 2.1.5 framework for neural networks were used for deep learning with a convolutional neural network. We compared the clinical and histological features between patients with and without recurrence. The predictive performance of the deep learning model between groups was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and the area under the ROC curve served as a summary of the prognostic performance of the deep learning model to predict recurrent thyroid cancer. @*Results@#Tumor recurrence was noted in 49 (21.4%) among the 229 patients. Tumor size and multifocality varied significantly between the groups with and without recurrence (p < 0.05). The overall mean area under the curve (AUC) value of the deep learning model for prediction of recurrent thyroid cancer was 0.9 ± 0.06. The mean AUC value was 0.87 ± 0.03 in macrocarcinoma and 0.79 ± 0.16 in microcarcinoma. @*Conclusion@#A deep learning model for analysis of US images of thyroid cancer showed the possibility of predicting recurrence of thyroid cancer.

9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 609-620, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741439

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive treatment of symptomatic thyroid nodules is now commonplace. Ethanol ablation (EA) of thyroid cystic nodules has been performed since the 1990s, but there is no global consensus or guideline. Although various limitations of EA have been described, recommendations for practical application are necessary. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology initiated the present consensus statement and here we provide recommendations for the role of EA in the management of symptomatic thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence to date from the literature and expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Advisory Committees , Consensus , Ethanol , Expert Testimony , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule
10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 491-496, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764273

ABSTRACT

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare hematologic malignancy, with very few cases of primary histiocytic sarcoma of the breast described in English scientific literature. Herein, we describe a case of primary histiocytic sarcoma of the breast in a 75-year-old woman, with no clinical history of malignant tumors, who presented with a palpable solitary breast mass. Microscopically, the resected breast mass showed large pleomorphic cells, some multinucleated giant cells, and admixed inflammatory components. The pleomorphic tumor cells further showed a diffuse, noncohesive growth pattern, an abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and strong and diffuse immunoreactivity for cluster of differentiation (CD) 68 and CD163. Furthermore, a whole-body positron-emission tomography/computed tomography using deoxy-2-[¹⁸F]fluoro-D-glucose performed after surgery showed no other masses or lesions. After surgical excision, the patient was followed up, and no evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis was noted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Breast , Cytoplasm , Eosinophils , Giant Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Histiocytes , Histiocytic Sarcoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1638-1645, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different types of mammography equipment on screening outcomes by comparing the performance of film-screen mammography (FSM), computed radiography mammography (CRM), and digital mammography (DM).MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 128756 sets of mammograms from 10 hospitals participating in the Alliance for Breast Cancer Screening in Korea between 2005 and 2010. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of the types of mammography equipment by analyzing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) with a 95% confidence interval (CI); performance indicators, including recall rate, cancer detection rate (CDR), positive predictive value₁ (PPV₁), sensitivity, specificity, and interval cancer rate (ICR); and the types of breast cancer pathology.RESULTS: The AUCs were 0.898 (95% CI, 0.878–0.919) in DM, 0.860 (0.815–0.905) in FSM, and 0.866 (0.828–0.903) in CRM (p = 0.150). DM showed better performance than FSM and CRM in terms of the recall rate (14.8 vs. 24.8 and 19.8%), CDR (3.4 vs. 2.2 and 2.1 per 1000 examinations), PPV₁ (2.3 vs. 0.9 and 1.1%), and specificity (85.5 vs. 75.3 and 80.3%) (p < 0.001) but not in terms of sensitivity (86.3 vs. 87.4 and 86.3%) and ICR (0.6 vs. 0.4 and 0.4). The proportions of carcinoma in situ (CIS) were 27.5%, 13.6%, and 11.8% for DM, CRM, and FSM, respectively (p = 0.003).CONCLUSION: In comparison to FSM and CRM, DM showed better performance in terms of the recall rate, CDR, PPV₁, and specificity, although the AUCs were similar, and more CISs were detected using DM. The application of DM may help to improve the quality of mammography screenings. However, the overdiagnosis issue of CIS using DM should be evaluated.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma in Situ , Korea , Mammography , Mass Screening , Medical Overuse , Pathology , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 95-102, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916634

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate whether a correlation exists between the semi-quantitative breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI) findings and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI parameters assessed by a computer-aided evaluation program.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Semi-quantitative index of the lesion to non-lesion (L/N) ratio in BSGI and DCE-MRI parameters was assessed by a computer-aided evaluation program, where 47 cases of invasive breast cancer were obtained. Correlations between the L/N ratio and DCE-MRI parameters were assessed by a computer-aided evaluation program. Tumor diameter (cm), angio-volume (cc), degree of initial peak enhancement (%), persistent enhancement proportion (%), and washout enhancement proportion (%) were analysed. The relationships between the L/N ratio and DCE-MRI parameters were evaluated by a univariate and multivariate regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The mean L/N ratio of the 47 tumors was 3.63 ± 2.19 (range: 1–13.1). The L/N ratio was higher in tumors with larger diameters (p < 0.001), increased angio-volume (p < 0.001), higher degree of initial peak enhancement (p = 0.005) and increased washout enhancement proportion (p = 0.004). In the multivariate regression analysis, angio-volume (cc) and washout enhancement proportion (%) were associated with L/N ratio (p = 0.007 and p = 0.024, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#There was a correlation between the semi-quantitative L/N ratio in BSGI and DCE-MRI parameters assessed by a computer-aided evaluation program for breast cancer.

13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 632-655, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716271

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation using radiofrequency is a new, minimally invasive modality employed as an alternative to surgery in patients with benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. The Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed recommendations for the optimal use of radiofrequency ablation for thyroid tumors in 2012. As new meaningful evidences have accumulated, KSThR decided to revise the guidelines. The revised guideline is based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and expert consensus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Catheter Ablation , Consensus , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
14.
Ultrasonography ; : 25-32, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731216

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the anisotropy and the static stretch stress of the cervical musculature influence the measured shear modulus in a tissue-mimicking phantom and in cervical lymph nodes in vivo by using shear wave elastography (SWE). METHODS: SWE was performed on a phantom using a pig muscle and on the middle jugular cervical lymph nodes in six volunteers. Tissue elasticity was quantified using the shear modulus and a supersonic shear wave imaging technique. For the phantom study, first, the optimal depth for measurement was determined, and then, SWE was performed in parallel and perpendicular to the muscle fiber orientation with and without strain stress. For the in vivo study, SWE was performed on the cervical lymph nodes in parallel and perpendicular to the sternocleidomastoid muscle fiber direction with and without neck stretching. The mean values of the shear modulus (meanSM) were then analyzed. RESULTS: In the phantom study, the measured depth significantly influenced the meanSM with a sharp decrease at the depth of 1.5 cm (P<0.001). Strain stress increased the meanSM, irrespective of the muscle fiber orientation (P<0.001). In the in vivo study, the meanSM values obtained in parallel to the muscle fiber orientation were greater than those obtained perpendicular to the fiber orientation, irrespective of the stretch stress (P<0.001). However, meanSM was affected significantly by the stretch stress parallel to the muscle fiber orientation (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The anisotropic nature of the cervical musculature and the applied stretch stress explain the variability of the SWE measurements and should be identified before applying SWE for the interpretation of the measured shear modulus values.


Subject(s)
Anisotropy , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Ultrasonography , Volunteers
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 624-631, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze participant factors that affect the diagnostic performance of screening mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 128756 cases from 10 hospitals between 2005 and 2010. We analyzed recall rate, cancer detection rate (CDR) per 1000 examinations, positive predictive value (PPV), sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate (FPR), and interval cancer rate (ICR) per 1000 negative examinations according to participant factors including age, breast density, and number of visit to the same institution, and adjusted for confounding variables. RESULTS: Increasing age improved recall rates (27.4% in 40's, 17.5% in 50's, 11.1% in 60's, and 8.6% in 70's), CDR (2.7, 3.2, 2.0, and 2.4), PPV (1.0, 1.8, 1.8, and 2.8%), sensitivity (81.3, 88.8, 90.3, and 94.7%), specificity (72.7, 82.7, 89.0, and 91.7%), and FPR (27.3, 17.3, 11.0, and 8.4%) (p < 0.05). Higher breast density impaired recall rates (4.0% in P1, 9.0% in P2, 28.9% in P3, and 27.8% in P4), PPV (3.3, 2.3, 1.2, and 1.3%), specificity (96.1, 91.2, 71.4, and 72.5%), and FPR (3.9, 8.9, 28.6, and 27.6%) (p < 0.001). It also increased CDR (1.3, 2.1, 3.3, and 3.6) and ICR (0.2, 0.3, 0.6, and 1.6) (p < 0.05). Successive visits to the same institution improved recall rates (20.9% for one visit, 10.7% for two visits, 7.7% for more than three visits), PPV (1.6, 2.8, and 2.7%), specificity (79.4, 89.6, and 92.5%), and FPR (20.6, 10.4, and 7.5%) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Young age and dense breasts negatively affected diagnostic performance in mammography screening, whereas successive visits to the same institution had a positive effect. Examinee education for successive visits to the same institution would improve the diagnostic performance.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Education , Korea , Mammography , Mass Screening , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 489-496, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic accuracy and trend in screening mammography in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively linked the information from hospitals participating in the Alliance of Breast Cancer Screening in Korea (ABCS-K) and the database of the National Cancer Screening Program. We calculated performance indicators, including the recall rate, cancer detection rate (CDR), positive predictive value (PPV), sensitivity, specificity, false-positive rate (FPR), and interval cancer rate (ICR). Changes in the performance indicators were calculated as the annual percent change with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: We enrolled 128756 cases from 10 hospitals from 2005 to 2010. The recall rate was 19.1% with a downward trend over time (-12.1% per year; 95% CI, -15.9 to -8.2). The CDR was 2.69 per 1000 examinations, without a significant trend. The PPV was 1.4% with an upward trend (20.8% per year; 95% CI, 15.2 to 26.7). The sensitivity was 86.5% without a significant trend, whereas the specificity was 81.1% with an upward trend (3.3% per year; 95% CI, 2.1 to 4.5). The FPR was 18.9% with a downward trend (-12.4% per year; 95% CI, -16.2 to -8.4). The ICR was 0.5 per 1000 negative examinations without a significant trend. There were institutional variations in the diagnostic accuracy and trend except for the CDR, sensitivity, and ICR. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity and CDR of screening mammography in the ABCS-K from 2005 to 2010 were compatible with those for Western women. The recall rate, PPV and specificity, however, were suboptimal, although they showed significant improvements over this period. A further analysis is required to explain institutional variations.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Early Detection of Cancer , Korea , Mammography , Mass Screening , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 370-395, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106784

ABSTRACT

The rate of detection of thyroid nodules and carcinomas has increased with the widespread use of ultrasonography (US), which is the mainstay for the detection and risk stratification of thyroid nodules as well as for providing guidance for their biopsy and nonsurgical treatment. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) published their first recommendations for the US-based diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules in 2011. These recommendations have been used as the standard guidelines for the past several years in Korea. Lately, the application of US has been further emphasized for the personalized management of patients with thyroid nodules. The Task Force on Thyroid Nodules of the KSThR has revised the recommendations for the ultrasound diagnosis and imaging-based management of thyroid nodules. The review and recommendations in this report have been based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and the consensus of experts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ablation Techniques , Advisory Committees , Biopsy , Consensus , Diagnosis , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
18.
Ultrasonography ; : 3-10, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731180

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound (US) elastography is a valuable imaging technique for tissue characterization. Two main types of elastography, strain and shear-wave, are commonly used to image breast tissue. The use of elastography is expected to increase, particularly with the increased use of US for breast screening. Recently, the US elastographic features of breast masses have been incorporated into the 2nd edition of the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) US lexicon as associated findings. This review suggests practical guidelines for breast US elastography in consensus with the Korean Breast Elastography Study Group, which was formed in August 2013 to perform a multicenter prospective study on the use of elastography for US breast screening. This article is focused on the role of elastography in combination with B-mode US for the evaluation of breast masses. Practical tips for adequate data acquisition and the interpretation of elastography results are also presented.


Subject(s)
Breast , Consensus , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Information Systems , Mass Screening , Ultrasonography
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 110-117, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to develop and validate a simple diagnostic prediction model by using ultrasound (US) features of thyroid nodules obtained from multicenter retrospective data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient data were collected from 20 different institutions and the data included 2000 thyroid nodules from 1796 patients. For developing a diagnostic prediction model to estimate the malignant risk of thyroid nodules using suspicious malignant US features, we developed a training model in a subset of 1402 nodules from 1260 patients. Several suspicious malignant US features were evaluated to create the prediction model using a scoring tool. The scores for such US features were estimated by calculating odds ratios, and the risk score of malignancy for each thyroid nodule was defined as the sum of these individual scores. Later, we verified the usefulness of developed scoring system by applying into the remaining 598 nodules from 536 patients. RESULTS: Among 2000 tumors, 1268 were benign and 732 were malignant. In our multiple regression analysis models, the following US features were statistically significant for malignant nodules when using the training data set: hypoechogenicity, marked hypoechogenicity, non-parallel orientation, microlobulated or spiculated margin, ill-defined margins, and microcalcifications. The malignancy rate was 7.3% in thyroid nodules that did not have suspicious-malignant features on US. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.867, which shows that the US risk score help predict thyroid malignancy well. In the test data set, the malignancy rates were 6.2% in thyroid nodules without malignant features on US. Area under the ROC curve of the test set was 0.872 when using the prediction model. CONCLUSION: The predictor model using suspicious malignant US features may be helpful in risk stratification of thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Korea , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 389-389, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74078

ABSTRACT

On page 110, the author (Won-Jin Moon)'s affiliation has been incorrectly marked as 6Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul 143-729, Korea. The correct affiliation is 5Department of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul 143-729, Korea.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL