Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 160
Filter
1.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 3-106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967162

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in Korea and the world. Since 2004, this is the 4th gastric cancer guideline published in Korea which is the revised version of previous evidence-based approach in 2018. Current guideline is a collaborative work of the interdisciplinary working group including experts in the field of gastric surgery, gastroenterology, endoscopy, medical oncology, abdominal radiology, pathology, nuclear medicine, radiation oncology and guideline development methodology. Total of 33 key questions were updated or proposed after a collaborative review by the working group and 40 statements were developed according to the systematic review using the MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and KoreaMed database. The level of evidence and the grading of recommendations were categorized according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation proposition. Evidence level, benefit, harm, and clinical applicability was considered as the significant factors for recommendation. The working group reviewed recommendations and discussed for consensus. In the earlier part, general consideration discusses screening, diagnosis and staging of endoscopy, pathology, radiology, and nuclear medicine. Flowchart is depicted with statements which is supported by meta-analysis and references. Since clinical trial and systematic review was not suitable for postoperative oncologic and nutritional follow-up, working group agreed to conduct a nationwide survey investigating the clinical practice of all tertiary or general hospitals in Korea. The purpose of this survey was to provide baseline information on follow up. Herein we present a multidisciplinary-evidence based gastric cancer guideline.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 587-592, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003244

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the treatment outcomes of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) rechallenge in patients with recurrent gynecologic cancers. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 patients who underwent rechallenge with PD-1 inhibitors for recurrent gynecologic cancers at two tertiary centers between January 2018 and September 2022. @*Results@#The median age of the patients was 56 years (range, 35–79). Seven (35%), 1 (5%), 11 (55%), and 1 (5%) patients presented with cervical, vulvar, ovarian, and endometrial cancers, respectively. Sixteen (80%) patients received pembrolizumab and 4 (20%) received nivolumab at first treatment. Eight (40%) and 12 (60%) patients received pembrolizumab and nivolumab, respectively, at second treatment. At initial ICI treatment, 1 (5%) and 4 (20%) cases of a complete response (CR) and a partial response (PR) were observed, respectively, with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.8 months (range, 1.4–49.6). Reasons for first ICI discontinuation were disease progression (n=16), severe adverse events (AEs) (n=2), and treatment withdrawal (n=2). During second ICI treatment, 1 (5%) patient achieved CR, 2 (10%) showed PR, and 5 (25%) experienced stable disease. The median PFS to second ICI was 1.8 months (range, 0.4–10.4). The median overall survival was 21.3 months (range, 10.1–52.7). Neither patient who discontinued ICI treatment due to AEs experienced AE relapse during second ICI treatment. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that responses to ICI rechallenge are not as intolerable as responses to previous ICI. Clinicians should carefully consider rechallenge with PD-1 inhibitors outside of clinical trials until there are sufficient data to routinely support this practice.

3.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e71-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967237

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The recently updated World Health Organization classification divides endocervical adenocarcinomas (ADCs) into human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated (HPVA) and HPV-independent (HPVI) ADCs. This study aimed to investigate the differences in the clinical features and treatment outcomes between patients with HPVA and HPVI. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records and pathology slides of 123 patients with endocervical ADC who underwent radical hysterectomy and adjuvant radiation therapy. Tumor characteristics, patterns of failure, and survival outcomes were compared between HPVA and HPVI ADCs. @*Results@#Eighty-one (65.9%) and 42 (34.1%) patients were diagnosed with HPVA and HPVI ADCs, respectively. HPVI ADC showed more frequent positive vaginal resection margin (VRM) and peritoneal seeding than HPVA ADC. After a median follow-up of 58.1 months, local recurrence and distant metastasis were more frequently observed in HPVI ADC than in HPVA ADC. Both local recurrence-free survival (77.3% vs. 91.8%) and distant metastasis-free survival (50.1% vs. 73.7%) rates of HPVI ADC were lower than those of HPVA ADC. Disease-free survival was not significantly different between HPVI and HPVA ADCs. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that HPVI ADC exhibited higher rates of VRM involvement and peritoneal seeding than those of HPVA ADC, resulting in higher rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis. Further studies with larger populations are warranted to explore optimal treatment strategies based on the histological subtypes of endocervical ADC.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 245-252, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913834

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of waiting time, from diagnosis to initiation of definitive concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT), on overall survival in cervical cancer patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with cervical cancer who were treated with definitive CCRT between 2000 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Time from initial pathological diagnosis to definitive CCRT was analyzed both as a continuous variable (per day) and as a categorical variable in two groups (group 1 ≤ median, group 2 > median). Patients with a waiting time of more than 60 days were excluded. @*Results@#The median waiting time was 14 days (0-60). There were differences between group 1 and group 2 in age and chemotherapy regimens. However, no significant difference was found in the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, cell type, or the number of cycles of chemotherapy received during CCRT. A longer waiting time was associated with poorer overall survival on the Kaplan-Meier curve (group 1 vs. group 2, p=0.042). On multivariate analysis, intervals as either a continuous variable (hazard ratio [HR], 1.023; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.006 to 1.040; p=0.007) or a categorical variable (HR, 1.513; 95% CI, 1.073 to 2.134; p=0.018), FIGO stage, cell type, and the number of cycles of chemotherapy received during CCRT were significant independent prognostic factors for overall survival. @*Conclusion@#A shorter waiting time from pathological diagnosis to definitive CCRT showed benefit on overall survival. Our findings suggest that an effort to minimize waiting times should be recommended in cervical cancer patients who are candidates for CCRT.

5.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e72-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915122

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Unlike cervical squamous cell carcinoma, there are no consensus criteria for serum tumor markers in cervical adenocarcinoma. This study aimed to identify the prognostic value of preoperative carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) levels in cervical adenocarcinoma patients with adverse pathologic features. @*Methods@#A total of 105 patients who underwent radical hysterectomy followed by adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiation therapy were included. Locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Cox proportional hazard regression model. @*Results@#Using a cutoff value of 50 U/mL, 83 and 22 patients had low- and high-CA125, respectively. Patients with high-CA125 had a larger tumor size, more frequent parametrial extension, and more frequent lymph node metastasis than those with low-CA125. During a median follow-up of 59.3 (interquartile range, 32.7–97.8) months, patients with high-CA125 showed inferior 5-year LRFS, DMFS, and OS rates compared to those with low-CA125 (38.5% vs. 70.0%; 37.0% vs. 69.4%; 43.6% vs. 78.1%, respectively, all p<0.05). In multivariable analysis, the high-CA125 remained significant prognostic factor for LRFS, DMFS, and OS (all p<0.05). Furthermore, 12 patients with high-CA125 at recurrence exhibited lower 5-year OS rates than 21 patients with low-CA125 at recurrence (0.0% vs. 51.3%, p=0.003). @*Conclusion@#In this retrospective analysis, the serum CA125 level at diagnosis and recurrence was related to the extent of disease and prognosis of cervical adenocarcinoma with adverse pathologic features. A CA125 level of ≥50 U/mL may be a prognostic surrogate marker for cervical adenocarcinoma in patients with the presence of adverse factors.

6.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e90-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915106

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare survival outcomes between bevacizumab (BEV) and olaparib (OLA) maintenance therapy in BRCA-mutated, platinum-sensitive relapsed (PSR) high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). @*Methods@#From 10 institutions, we identified HGSOC patients with germline and/or somatic BRCA1/2 mutations, who experienced platinum-sensitive recurrence between 2013 and 2019, and received second-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were divided into BEV (n=29), OLA (n=83), and non-BEVon-OLA users (n=36). The OLA and non-BEVon-OLA users were grouped as the OLA intent group. We conducted 1:2 nearest neighbor-matching between the BEV and OLA intent groups, setting the proportion of OLA users in the OLA intent group from 65% to 100% at 5% intervals, and compared survival outcomes among the matched groups. @*Results@#Overall, OLA users showed significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) than BEV users (median, 23.8 vs. 17.4 months; p=0.004). Before matching, PFS improved in the OLA intent group but marginal statistical significance (p=0.057). After matching, multivariate analyses adjusting confounders identified intention-to-treat OLA as an independent favorable prognostic factor for PFS in the OLA 65P (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]=0.505; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.280−0.911; p=0.023) to OLA 100P (aHR=0.348; 95% CI=0.184−0.658; p=0.001) datasets. The aHR of intention-to-treat OLA for recurrence decreased with increasing proportions of OLA users. No differences in overall survival were observed between the BEV and OLA intent groups, and between the BEV and OLA users. @*Conclusion@#Compared to BEV, intention-to-treat OLA and actual use of OLA maintenance therapy were significantly associated with decreased disease recurrence risk in patients with BRCA-mutated, PSR HGSOC.

7.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e94-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915101

ABSTRACT

Since the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine guidelines were developed by the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) in 2011, 2016, and 2019, several recent studies on the efficacy and safety of HPV vaccines in middle-aged women and men have been reported. Furthermore, there has been an ongoing debate regarding the efficacy of the HPV vaccine in women with prior HPV infection or who have undergone conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). We searched and reviewed studies on the efficacy and safety of the HPV vaccine in middle-aged women and men and the efficacy of the HPV vaccine in patients infected with HPV and those who underwent conization for CIN. The KSGO updated their guidelines based on the results of the studies included in this review.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 803-812, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897468

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the prognostic value of early metabolic response assessed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) during radiation therapy (RT) for cervical cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified 116 patients treated with definitive RT, including FDG-PET/CT–guided intracavitary brachytherapy, between 2009 and 2018. We calculated parameters including maximum (SUVmax) and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) for baseline FDG-PET/CT (PETbase) and image-guided brachytherapy planning FDG-PET/CT (PETIGBT). Multivariable analyses of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were performed. @*Results@#We observed a time-dependent decrease in PET parameters between PETbase and PETIGBT; ΔSUVmax, ΔSUVmean, ΔMTV, and ΔTLG were 65%, 61%, 78%, and 93%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 59.5 months, the 5-year DFS and OS rates were 66% and 79%, respectively. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that ΔSUVmax ≥ 50% was associated with favorable DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14 to 5.77) and OS (HR, 5.14; 95% CI, 1.55 to 17.01). Patients with ΔSUVmax ≥ 50% (n=87) showed better DFS and OS than those with ΔSUVmax 50%, can help improve survival outcome predictions for patients with cervical cancer treated with definitive RT.

9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 803-812, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889764

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the prognostic value of early metabolic response assessed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) during radiation therapy (RT) for cervical cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified 116 patients treated with definitive RT, including FDG-PET/CT–guided intracavitary brachytherapy, between 2009 and 2018. We calculated parameters including maximum (SUVmax) and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) for baseline FDG-PET/CT (PETbase) and image-guided brachytherapy planning FDG-PET/CT (PETIGBT). Multivariable analyses of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were performed. @*Results@#We observed a time-dependent decrease in PET parameters between PETbase and PETIGBT; ΔSUVmax, ΔSUVmean, ΔMTV, and ΔTLG were 65%, 61%, 78%, and 93%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 59.5 months, the 5-year DFS and OS rates were 66% and 79%, respectively. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that ΔSUVmax ≥ 50% was associated with favorable DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 2.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14 to 5.77) and OS (HR, 5.14; 95% CI, 1.55 to 17.01). Patients with ΔSUVmax ≥ 50% (n=87) showed better DFS and OS than those with ΔSUVmax 50%, can help improve survival outcome predictions for patients with cervical cancer treated with definitive RT.

10.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e15-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with carboplatin (CD) compared with those of carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer in a real-world setting in Korea.@*METHODS@#We enrolled relevant patients from 9 institutions. All patients received CD or CP as the second- or third-line chemotherapy in routine clinical practice during 2013–2018. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity. The secondary endpoint included the objective response rate (ORR).@*RESULTS@#Overall, 432 patients (224 and 208 in the CD and CP groups, respectively) were included. With a median follow-up of 18.9 months, the median PFS was not different between the groups (12.7 vs. 13.6 months; hazard ratio, 1.161; 95% confidence interval, 0.923–1.460; p=0.202). The ORR was 74.6% and 80.1% in the CD and CP group, respectively (p=0.556). Age and surgery at relapse were independent prognostic factors. More patients in the CD group significantly experienced a grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity and hand-foot syndrome (13.8% vs. 6.3%), whereas grade 2 or more alopecia (6.2% vs. 36.1%), peripheral neuropathy (4.4% vs. 11.4%), and allergic/hypersensitivity reaction (0.4% vs. 8.5%) developed more often in the CP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The safety and effectiveness of chemotherapy with CD in a real-world setting were consistent with the results from a randomized controlled study. The different toxicity profiles between the 2 chemotherapy (CD and CP) regimens should be considered in the clinical practice.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03562533

11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 516-523, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831047

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is the most significant prognostic factor in cervical cancerthat was recently incorporated into the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics(FIGO) staging system. This study was performed to evaluate whether the prognosticsignificance of LNM differs according to disease status. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with FIGO stage IB or higher cervical cancer who had pretreatment computedtomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging studies as well as long-term follow-upwere enrolled in this retrospective study. The hazard ratio (HR) of Cox regression was usedto determine the prognostic significance of LNM. The HRs were compared between the differenttumor groups (based on stage, histology, tumor size, primary treatment, age, parametriuminvolvement, and lymphovascular space invasion). @*Results@#A total of 970 patients treated between January 1999 and December 2007 were included.The pretreatment LNM had prognostic significance in patients with stage IB1/IIA (HR forprogression-free survival 2.10, p=0.001; HR for overall survival 1.99, p=0.005). However,the significance gradually decreased or disappeared with advancing stages. Similarly, theprognostic significance of the pretreatment LNM decreased with advancing disease status,including old age, parametrial involvement or lymphovascular space involvement. In contrast,the tumor size was associated with the prognostic significance of LNM with advancingstatus. The significance of the clinical LNM did not reflect the significance of the clinicalstage. In contrast, the tumor size, parametrial involvement, and significance of the pathologicLNM reflected the clinical stage. @*Conclusion@#In patients with cervical cancer, pretreatment LNM on imaging has different clinical significancedepending on the tumor status.

12.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 164-172, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes, including the pregnancy outcome and recurrence rate after single-port laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) using a modified suture technique with a Hem-o-lok clip (Choi's LM) and conventional 4-port LM.METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who underwent Choi's LM (n=55) and 4-port LM (n=102) in a single institutional hospital was conducted. Patients with <3 symptomatic myomas sized <10 cm each and operated on by a single surgeon were included. Recurrence was confirmed when a myoma measuring ≥3 cm was detected.RESULTS: The patients in both groups had similar demographic characteristics. Single (76.4% vs. 62.7%) and intramural (52.7% vs. 56.9%) tumors were commonly detected in both groups in the mean diameter (6.8±1.5 cm vs. 7.0±1.6 cm; P=0.40). In Choi's LM, 16 patients (29.1%) needed an additional port; those who were nulliparous and/or had a large leiomyoma more frequently required an additional port (P=0.023 and 0.04, respectively). During a median follow-up period of 69 months, 17 patients (7.1% vs. 14.6%) had recurrence. The size of dominant myomas at recurrence was significantly smaller in patients who underwent Choi's LM (3.4±0.7 cm vs. 5.7±2.4 cm; P=0.004). All 13 patients in both groups who successfully conceived had a full-term delivery. No major complications occurred during pregnancy.CONCLUSION: Although an additional port was frequently used, the long-term outcomes of patients who experienced recurrence and pregnancy after Choi's LM were acceptable. Considering its usability, Choi's LM is feasible for the treatment of uterine leiomyoma.

13.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 187-194, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver using lower airway pressure (30 cm H2O) and intraperitoneal bupivacaine, alone or in combination, for reducing shoulder pain after gynecologic laparoscopy.METHODS: A prospective controlled study was performed in a teaching hospital with patients who underwent elective gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. Two hundred eighty-seven patients were randomized into 1 of 4 groups: group A, placebo; group B, intraperitoneal instillation of bupivacaine; group C, CO2 removal by a pulmonary recruitment maneuver; group D, combination of intraperitoneal bupivacaine and pulmonary recruitment maneuver. The interventions were performed at the end of surgery. Shoulder pain was recorded on a visual analog scale (VAS) at 1, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively.RESULTS: The overall incidence of shoulder pain was 49.8% and the incidence tended to gradually decrease from group A to group D (59.0% in group A, 54.8% in group B, 44.4% in group C, and 41.5% in group D; P=0.026). In addition, the VAS scores gradually decreased from group A to D, although a statistically significant difference was only found at 6 hours postoperatively (P=0.03). There were no complications related to the interventions.CONCLUSION: The combination of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver with intraperitoneal bupivacaine significantly reduced shoulder pain after gynecologic laparoscopy.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01039441

14.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : 15-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin with carboplatin (CD) compared with those of carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) for platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer in a real-world setting in Korea.METHODS: We enrolled relevant patients from 9 institutions. All patients received CD or CP as the second- or third-line chemotherapy in routine clinical practice during 2013–2018. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity. The secondary endpoint included the objective response rate (ORR).RESULTS: Overall, 432 patients (224 and 208 in the CD and CP groups, respectively) were included. With a median follow-up of 18.9 months, the median PFS was not different between the groups (12.7 vs. 13.6 months; hazard ratio, 1.161; 95% confidence interval, 0.923–1.460; p=0.202). The ORR was 74.6% and 80.1% in the CD and CP group, respectively (p=0.556). Age and surgery at relapse were independent prognostic factors. More patients in the CD group significantly experienced a grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity and hand-foot syndrome (13.8% vs. 6.3%), whereas grade 2 or more alopecia (6.2% vs. 36.1%), peripheral neuropathy (4.4% vs. 11.4%), and allergic/hypersensitivity reaction (0.4% vs. 8.5%) developed more often in the CP group.CONCLUSIONS: The safety and effectiveness of chemotherapy with CD in a real-world setting were consistent with the results from a randomized controlled study. The different toxicity profiles between the 2 chemotherapy (CD and CP) regimens should be considered in the clinical practice.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03562533


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia , Carboplatin , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Korea , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paclitaxel , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Platinum , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 103-111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the possible prognostic factors in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS). METHODS: This study retrospectively investigated 50 patients with uterine LMS treated at the Samsung Medical Center between 2001 and 2017. To analyze the prognostic significance of factors for recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and survival after recurrence, the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model were used for univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of the 50 patients, 30 (60.0%) experienced recurrence and 16 (32.0%) died within a median follow-up period of 21 (range, 3–99) months. Multivariate analysis revealed that older age, absence of residual tumor after surgery, lower mitotic count, and a history of adjuvant radiotherapy at first treatment were significantly associated with better RFS. Presence of residual tumor after surgery and severe nuclear atypia were associated with poor OS. In the analysis of survival after recurrence, hematogenous recurrence, severe nuclear atypia, and presence of residual tumor at primary surgery were significantly associated with worse prognosis. Notably, residual tumor status at primary surgery was associated with RFS, OS, and survival after recurrence. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the possible prognostic factors for RFS, OS, and survival after recurrence for patients with LMS. These results may provide useful information for patients with LMS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Leiomyosarcoma , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Neoplasms
16.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e11-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Elderly age is one of the poor prognostic factors in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but the optimal age cut-off is not known. The present study sought to identify the ideal age cutoff that represents a negative prognostic factor in EOC, considering the geriatric assessment. METHODS: Hazard ratios (HRs) with p-values were calculated using all possible age cutoffs with stage, histology, grade, optimality and comorbidities as covariates in multivariate Cox regression model. The trends of p-value and HR by age cutoff were further evaluated in a subgroup of histology and in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. In addition, propensity score-matching analysis using the identified age cutoff was performed. RESULTS: An age of 66 years was shown to be the most significant cutoff for defining old age with independent prognostic power (HR=1.45; 95% confidence interval=1.04–2.03; p=0.027). This result was also observed with the analyses of serous histology subgroup and with the analysis of a TCGA dataset with serous EOC. In survival analysis, patients aged ≥66 years had significantly worse overall survival compared with younger individuals (56 months vs. 87 months; p=0.006), even following propensity score matching (57 vs. 78 months; p=0.038). CONCLUSION: An age of 66 years is the best cutoff to define elderly age in serous EOC patients considering the geriatric assessment, and this information can be used in the administration of individualized therapies in elderly EOC patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Comorbidity , Dataset , Genome , Geriatric Assessment , Ovarian Neoplasms , Prognosis , Propensity Score
17.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e1-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: There is no definitive guideline for the significance and cut-off value of squamous-cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) in cervical cancer. Thus, we analyzed the significance and optimal cut-off value of SCC-Ag for predicting tumor recurrence and patient survival in squamous-cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. METHODS: From January 2010 to October 2016, we enrolled 304 cervical cancer patients with squamous-cell carcinoma staging International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Ib–IVa and treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by intra-cavitary radiotherapy (ICR). The cut-off value of SCC-Ag level for tumor recurrence was calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed using Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the significance of SCC-Ag level. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of SCC-Ag level for predicting tumor recurrence was calculated and set at 4.0 ng/mL in the ROC curve. After a median follow-up period of 36.5 months, the 3-year RFS (56.6% vs. 80.2%, p < 0.001) and OS (72.1% vs. 86.8%, p=0.005) were significantly lower in SCC-Ag ≥4 ng/mL arm than in < 4 ng/mL arm. The 3-year locoregional recurrence (17.6% vs. 7.0%, p=0.012), distant metastasis (20.4% vs. 6.9%, p=0.002), and para-aortic recurrence (9.4% vs. 2.1%, p=0.012) rates were significantly higher in SCC-Ag ≥4 ng/mL arm than in SCC-Ag < 4 ng/mL arm. CONCLUSION: Pre-treatment SCC-Ag level higher than 4 ng/mL may be a useful predictor of tumor recurrence in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of uterine cervix treated with definitive CRT and ICR.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Arm , Cervix Uteri , Chemoradiotherapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obstetrics , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , ROC Curve , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e65-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a new prognostic classification for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients using gradient boosting (GB) and to compare the accuracy of the prognostic model with the conventional statistical method. METHODS: Information of EOC patients from Samsung Medical Center (training cohort, n=1,128) was analyzed to optimize the prognostic model using GB. The performance of the final model was externally validated with patient information from Asan Medical Center (validation cohort, n=229). The area under the curve (AUC) by the GB model was compared to that of the conventional Cox proportional hazard regression analysis (CoxPHR) model. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the AUC of the GB model for predicting second year overall survival (OS), with the highest target value, was 0.830 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.802–0.853). In the validation cohort, the GB model also showed high AUC of 0.843 (95% CI=0.833–0.853). In comparison, the conventional CoxPHR method showed lower AUC (0.668 (95% CI=0.617–0.719) for the training cohort and 0.597 (95% CI=0.474–0.719) for the validation cohort) compared to GB. New classification according to survival probability scores of the GB model identified four distinct prognostic subgroups that showed more discriminately classified prediction than the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging system. CONCLUSION: Our novel GB-guided classification accurately identified the prognostic subgroups of patients with EOC and showed higher accuracy than the conventional method. This approach would be useful for accurate estimation of individual outcomes of EOC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , CA-125 Antigen , Classification , Cohort Studies , Gynecology , Machine Learning , Methods , Obstetrics , Ovarian Neoplasms , Prognosis
19.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e31-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740184

ABSTRACT

In 2016, 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been newly introduced in Korea, thus the need to develop recommendations for the vaccine has raised. Until we decide to develop a guideline, no further studies on the bi-valent or quadri-valent HPV vaccine have been announced. We searched and reviewed the literatures focused on the efficacy of 9-valent HPV vaccine, the ideal age of 3-dose schedule vaccination, the efficacy of 9-valent HPV vaccine in middle-aged women, the efficacy of the 2-dose schedule vaccination, the safety of 9-valent HPV vaccine, the possibility of additional 9-valent HPV vaccination, and cross-vaccination of 9-valent HPV vaccine. So, Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) developed a guideline only for 9-valent HPV vaccine.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Appointments and Schedules , Korea , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Vaccination
20.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 115-123, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939348

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to assess the in-field lymph node (LN) failure rate according to LN size and to investigate effect of LN size on the survival outcome of patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).@*METHODS@#A total of 310 patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma treated with CCRT were enrolled in retrospective study. LN status was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. All patients received conventional external beam irradiation and high-dose rate brachytherapy, and concurrent cisplatin-based chemotherapy. In-field LN failure rate according to LN size was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up period was 83 months (range, 3–201 months). In-field LN failure rate in patients with pelvic LN size more than 10 mm was significantly higher than that in patients with pelvic LN size less than 10 mm (p<0.001). A similar finding was observed in the in-field para-aortic LN (PALN) failure rate (p=0.024). The pelvic and PALN size (≥10 mm) was a significant prognostic factor of overall-survival (OS) and disease-free survival rate in univariate and multivariate analyses. The OS rate was significantly different between groups according to LN size (<10 mm vs. ≥10 mm).@*CONCLUSION@#A LN of less than 10 mm in size in an imaging study is controlled by CCRT. On the other hand, in LN of more than 10 mm in size, the in-field LN failure rate increase and the prognosis deteriorate. Therefore, a more aggressive treatment strategy is needed.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL