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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the survival prognosis for T 1 stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients complicated with different stages of cervical lymph node metastasis, aiming to provide reference for optimizing the treatment plan. Methods:Clinical data of 413 patients in non-keratinizing carcinoma and undifferentiated locally early nasopharyngeal carcinoma (T 1N 0-3M 0-1) undergoing radiotherapy alone or radiochemotherapy in Department of Radiation Oncology of our hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analyses were performed with Kaplan-Meier method and statistically compared using the log-rank test. Results:Of all patients, 291 were male, and 122 were female (aged from 9 to 78 years old) with a median age of 51 years old. All patients were diagnosed with T 1N 0-3M 0-1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In the TNM stage grouping system, 48(11.6%) patients were classified as stage Ⅰ (T 1N 0M 0), 158(38.2%) cases of stage Ⅱ(T 1N 1M 0), 162(39.2%) cases of stage Ⅲ(T 1N 2M 0), and 45(10.9%) cases of stage Ⅳ A to Ⅳ B(T 1N 3M 0/T 1N xM 1). Eight patients (1.9%) with stage Ⅳ B had metastasis at presentation. The lymph node positivity rate of all patients reached up to 88.1%. Seven patients received three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, 371 cases of intensity-modulated radiotherapy and 35 cases of volumetric-modulated arc therapy. The 5-year overall survival rate was (95.9±1.2)% and with 100% for T 1N 0M 0 patients, (99.2±0.8)% for T 1N 1M 0 patients, (95.1±2.2)% for T 1N 2M 0 patients and (87.9±6.6)% for T 1N 3M 0 patients, respectively. Primary distant metastasis and N 3 stage were significantly correlated with poor prognosis (both P<0.05). The most common long-term side effect of radiotherapy was xerostomia with an incidence rate of 18.6%(17.9% for grade 1 toxicity), followed by hearing damage and tooth discomfort. Only 2 patients developed Grade Ⅲ toxic reactions, manifested as complete hearing loss. Conclusions:Although T 1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients have a high propensity of cervical node metastasis, favorable clinical prognosis can be obtained after radiotherapy alone. Moreover, the long-term side effects under precision radiation exert no severe effect upon the quality of life of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic characteristics of laparoscopic repair in children with ure-terovesical junction malformation through internal or external bladder.Methods:From February 2018 to August 2019, 29 cases of hydronephrosis combined with ureter expansion treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, with 17 boys and 12 girls confirmed through the preoperative examinations.Inspection results revealed 15 cases of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, 12 cases of vesicoureteral reflux, and 2 cases of single ectopic ureter.Totally, 21 cases were treated by pneumovesical laparoscopic Cohen means, including 17 unilateral cases and 4 bilateral cases, 5 cases of ureterocele, and 8 cases of ureteral clipping.A total of 8 cases were treated by laparoscopic Lich -Gregoir surgical treatment, including 7 unilateral cases and 1 bilateral case.Meanwhile, 4 cases of ureteral clipping were performed among them.There was 1 case of duplex kidney with the ectopic upper ureter outside iliac blood vessels, 1 case of bilateral cryptorchidism and 1 case of unilateral cryptorchidism.Ureteral stents were implanted for those with ureteral tailoring.The catheters were removed 7 days after operation, and the indwelling ureteral stents were removed by cystoscope under general anesthesia after about 6 weeks.Results:All the cases with hydronephrosis and ureteral dilatation were completed in laparoscopic surgery, without open surgery or blood transfusion, 21 cases were treated by pneumovesical laparoscopic Cohen means, with the average time being 1.8 hours in unilateral side and 2.8 hours in bilateral sides.At the same time, 8 cases were treated by laparoscopic Lich-Gregoir means, with the unilateral average time being 1.7 hours and bilateral time being 3.0 hours.All cases were followed up at an average month of 9 (4-20 months), and all children underwent voiding cystourethrography 4 months after the operations.The voiding cystourethrogram(VCUG) of all the cases was confirmed successfully, with only 1 case of vesicoureteral reflux in level Ⅲ, and their hydronephrosis were relieved.There was no vesicoureteral reflux in the others.The short-term urinary retention occurred in 1 patient with bilateral ureteral reimplantation in Lich-Gregoir group, and the symptom disappeared after 1 week of indwelling catheterization.Among them, 1 patient in Cohen group had hematuria that disappeared gradually for 4 days after surgery.There were no significant differences in operation time and postoperative recovery between the two groups.The length of hospital stay in laparoscopic Lich -Gregoir group was slightly longer than that in pneumovesical laparoscopic Cohen group.Conclusions:As for children with ureterovesical junction malformation, laparoscopic Lich-Gregoir surgery is suitable for the ectopia of ureter opening, overexpansion of ureter, and other abdominal malformation complicated and expansive ureter without tortuosity.Pneumovesical laparoscopic Cohen surgery is suitable for hydronephrosis and ureteral expansion with ureterocele, especially with the symptom of dysuria, and ureteral tortuosity obviously.The two ways are safe and reliable, and the advantages and disadvantages should be weighed before being chosen.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genetic diversity and population structure of <italic>Erigeron breviscapus</italic>, so as to provide a scientific basis for its resource protection and rational utilization. Method:Twelve pairs of simple sequence repeat(SSR) primers were screened out from 243 individuals in 16 natural populations to calculate the genetic diversity parameters of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic>, which were then subjected to principal coordinate analysis and cluster analysis. Result:Twelve SSR markers generated 209 alleles, with an average of 17.417 alleles per locus. Based on 12 SSR markers and 16 populations of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic>, the observed heterozygosity (<italic>H</italic><sub>0</sub>) values were determined to be 0.603 and 0.613, the expected heterozygosity (<italic>H</italic><sub>e</sub>)to be 0.658 and 0.659, and the Shannon's information index (<italic>I</italic>) to be 1.443 and 1.446, respectively. The Wright's fixation index (<italic>F</italic><sub>st</sub>) was 0.123 and gene flow (<italic>N</italic><sub>m</sub>) was 2.077. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and genetic differentiation revealed that genetic variation within populations was the main source of total variation. The Nei's genetic distance and genetic identity coefficients were within the ranges of 0.107 (YA and XY)-0.713 (SZ and XZD) and 0.490 (SZ and XZD)-0.899 (YA and XY), respectively. As demonstrated by the principal coordinate analysis and cluster analysis, the 16 populations of <italic>breviscapus </italic>were divided into two clusters. Conclusion:The genetic diversity of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic> was relatively high and there existed certain genetic differentiation and gene flow within and among populations. The genetic variation was mainly present within populations. All these have provided reference for subsequent study on good germplasm selection of <italic>E. breviscapus.</italic>

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 484-489, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888460

ABSTRACT

Surgical correction can be considered for treating patients with a chronic phase of Peyronie's disease (PD) and persistent penile curvature. In clinical practice, some patients pay too much attention to surgical complications and refuse the recommended feasible surgical types. Meanwhile, they require operations according to their preferences. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of patients' own choice of surgical type on postoperative satisfaction. This retrospective study analyzed data from 108 patients with PD who underwent surgical correction according to doctors' recommendations or patients' own demands. The objective and subjective surgical outcomes were assessed. Patients' understanding of the disease was analyzed using a questionnaire survey. Objective measurements of surgical outcomes, including penile straightening, penile length, and sexual function, in patients who received the recommended surgery, were similar to those in patients who did not accept the recommended surgery. However, subjective evaluations, including erectile pain, discomfort because of nodules on the penis, and decreased sensitivity in the penis, were more obvious in patients who did not follow doctors' recommendations. In addition, a questionnaire survey showed that understanding PD and the purpose of surgery of patients who did not follow doctors' advice were inappropriate, as they did not conform to the principle of treatment. The present study showed that surgical correction seemed to be an objectively effective option in the management of patients in the stable chronic phase of PD. Low patient satisfaction might be related to patients' lack of correct understanding of the disease and its treatment strategy as well as unrealistic expectations.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887993

ABSTRACT

The effect of Danhong Injection on the endogenous metabolites of rabbit platelets was analyzed by the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS) based metabonomic approach. Anti-platelet aggregation was detected after Danhong Injection treatment and the changes of platelet metabolites were analyzed by metabonomics. Principal component analysis( PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis( PLS-DA) were performed to investigate the effect of Danhong Injection on endogenous metabolites of platelets,characterize the biomarkers,and explore the relevant pathways and the underlying mechanism. As demonstrated by the pharmacodynamic results,Danhong Injection of different doses and concentrations antagonized platelet aggregation in a dose-and concentration-dependent manner. In contrast to the control group,25 differential metabolites such as nicotinic acid,nicotinic acid riboside,and hypoxanthine were screened out after platelets were treated by Danhong Injection. These metabolites,serving as important biomarkers,were mainly enriched in the nicotinic acid-niacinamide metabolic pathway and purine metabolic pathway. This study explored the therapeutic mechanism of Danhong Injection from a microscopic perspective by metabonomics,which is expected to provide a new idea for the investigation of platelet-related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood Platelets , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Metabolomics , Rabbits , Technology
6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 352-355, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the willingness to pay (WTP) for treatment and its influencing factors, to evaluate the correlation between the disease burden (quality of life) index and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) in patients with rosacea, and to provide a basis for individualized diagnosis and treatment.Methods:Patients with rosacea were enrolled via a WeChat platform at Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital from August 2019 to February 2020. An online questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the WTP for a single session of treatment by which rosacea is assumed to be cured, and general information as well as data about clinical characteristics and DLQI scores were collected. Factors influencing high WTP were analyzed by using a logistic regression model.Results:Among the 435 respondents, 397 (91.3%) were females and 38 (8.7%) were males, with an age of 28.46 ± 8.33 years (range, 18- 63 years) . The respondents spent 10 474.95 ± 834.19 ( M[ P25, P75], 5 000 [1 000, 10 000]) RMB Yuan on previous medical treatment; the WTP was 12 510.86 ± 990.84 ( M[ P25, P75], 5 000[2 000, 10 000]) RMB Yuan; the DLQI score was 11.2 ± 0.38. Logistic regression analysis showed that lesions on the cheeks ( OR= 1.89, P= 0.041) , annual household income of > 100 000 RMB Yuan ( OR= 1.63, P= 0.029) , disease duration of > 1 year ( OR= 2.82, P < 0.001) , high number of visits in the past 1 year ( OR= 1.62, P < 0.001) , high self-rated rosacea severity score ( OR= 1.16, P= 0.002) and high DLQI score ( OR= 1.52, P < 0.001) were associated high WTP for treatment. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the DLQI score was positively correlated with WTP ( rs= 0.27, P < 0.05) and relative WTP (the proportion of WTP to monthly income, rs= 0.133, P < 0.05) . Conclusions:Among the patients with rosacea in Changsha, the WTP was at a moderate to high level, reflecting a serious impact on the quality of life. The WTP value can indirectly reflect the quality of life and help to rapidly understand the burden of disease in patients with rosacea.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 325-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and action mechanism of aquaporin 3 (AQP3) in skin photoaging.Methods:Normal human skin fibroblasts (NHDF) were divided into several groups: NHDF group receiving normal culture without transfection, AQP3 cDNA group transfected with AQP3 cDNA, AQP3 siRNA group transfected with AQP3 siRNA, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein Q (hnRNPQ) cDNA group transfected with hnRNPQ cDNA, hnRNPQ siRNA group transfected with hnRNPQ siRNA, AQP3-hnRNPQ cDNA group transfected with AQP3 and hnRNPQ cDNAs, AQP3-hnRNPQ siRNA group transfected with AQP3 and hRNPQ siRNAs, cDNA empty vector group transfected with a cDNA empty vector, and siRNA empty vector group transfected with a siRNA empty vector. Transfected or untransfected NHDFs were irradiated with ultraviolet A (UVA) at a dose of 10 J·cm -2·d -1 for 3 consecutive days to establish a model of cellular senescence, and NHDF receiving no UVA irradiation served as a control. A cell counting method was used to evaluate the cellular proliferative activity, a senescence-related β-galactosidase staining kit to evaluate the senescence level of NHDFs in each experimental group, and luciferase reporter gene technology to assess the transcriptional regulation activity of p53. Western blot analysis was performed to determine the expression of AQP3, hnRNPQ and senescence-related proteins p53 and p21 in NHDFs. Two-independent-sample t test was used for comparisons between two groups, and one-way analysis of variance for comparisons among multiple groups. Results:After 3-day consecutive irradiation with UVA, the expression of p53 and p21 in NHDFs and the percentage of β-galactosidase-positive cells significantly increased compared with the unirradiated control group (all P < 0.05) , but the expression of AQP3 and cellular proliferative activity on days 5, 6 and 7 significantly decreased in the UVA group compared with the unirradiated control group (all P < 0.05) . After 3-day consecutive irradiation with UVA, aggravated senescence-related phenotypes of UVA-induced NHDFs were observed in the AQP3 siRNA group compared with the siRNA empty vector group, and there were significant differences in the expression of p53, p21 and hnRNPQ, percentage of β-galactosidase-positive cells, p53 transcriptional regulation activity and cellular proliferative activity between the 2 groups (all P < 0.05) . Further silencing of the hnRNPQ gene could reverse the above effects. Compared with the siRNA empty vector group, the senescence-related phenotypes of UVA-induced NHDFs were attenuated in the hnRNPQ siRNA group, and significant differences were observed between the 2 groups in terms of the expression of p53, p21 and hnRNPQ, percentage of β-galactosidase-positive cells, p53 transcriptional regulation activity and cellular proliferative activity (all P < 0.05) . After 3-day consecutive irradiation with UVA, the senescence-related phenotypes of UVA-induced NHDFs were significantly attenuated in the AQP3 cDNA group compared with the cDNA empty vector group (all P < 0.05) , manifesting as significantly decreased expression of p53 (0.25 ± 0.06 vs. 0.56 ± 0.08) , p21 (0.23 ± 0.06 vs. 0.70 ± 0.07) and hnRNPQ (0.82 ± 0.09 vs. 0.92 ± 0.03) , percentage of β-galactosidase-positive cells (31.23% ± 6.54% vs. 81.53% ± 7.62%) and p53 transcriptional regulation activity (2.52 ± 0.36 vs. 7.16 ± 0.25) , but increased cellular proliferative activity ([2.93 ± 0.33]× 10 6/ml vs.[2.15 ± 0.23]× 10 6/ml) , and further overexpression of hnRNPQ could reverse the above effects. After 3-day consecutive irradiation with UVA, the expression of p53, p21, percentage of β-galactosidase-positive cells, p53 transcriptional regulation activity and cellular proliferative activity in the hnRNPQ cDNA group were 1.41 ± 0.09, 1.42 ± 0.06, 91.06% ± 4.24%, 12.35 ± 0.88 and (1.23 ± 0.41) × 10 6/ml respectively, and the senescence-related phenotypes of UVA-induced NHDFs were significantly aggravated in the hnRNPQ cDNA group compared with the cDNA empty vector group (all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:AQP3 may alleviate the UVA-induced senescence of NHDFs by regulating hnRNPQ and downregulating p53 expression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 361-364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in heminephrectomy in children.Methods:The clinical data of 54 children with heminephrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2017 to December 2019 was analyzed retrospectively, of which 42 cases underwent laparoscopic heminephrectomy (LH group) and 12 cases underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic heminephrectomy (RALH group). In LH group, there were 17 males and 25 females, with an average age of (71.74±34.57)months, 29 on the left and 13 on the right. In RALH group, there were 4 males and 8 females, with an average age of (76.83±37.33) months, 9 on the left and 3 on the right. There was no significant difference in age, sex composition and deformity side between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The clinical indexes such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage time, hospital stay and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results:There were significant differences in operation time[(196.48±21.92)min vs.(171.50±24.91)min], intraoperative blood loss[(34.14±8.63)ml vs.(18.50±5.92)ml], postoperative drainage time[6.0(5.0, 7.0)d vs. 4.5(3.0, 6.5)d] and postoperative hospital stay[(8.93±1.70)d vs.(7.33±1.37)d] between LH and RALH groups ( P < 0.05). During the follow-up from 3 months to 2 years, the lower kidneys of the two groups developed well and the symptoms before operation such as urinary tract infection, intermittent voiding leakage and dysuria caused by ureterocele were gradually relieved and disappeared after operation. In the LH group, 2 cases were complicated with the symptoms as ureteral stump effusion, cyst formation and recurrent ureteral stump infection after operation, which were cured after reoperation. There was no case of ureteral stump effusion and cyst formation in the RALH group. Conclusions:Robot-assisted laparoscopic heminephrectomy in children has shorter intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage time and hospital stay, lower incidence of postoperative complications, and has better efficacy and safety.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and precautions of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for children with hydronephrosis combined with renal trauma.Methods:The clinical data of 6 cases with hydronephrosis and renal trauma admitted to the Department of Pediatric Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2016 to August 2019, aged from 5 to 11 years old (average age 7 years old) were reviewed.These patients had suffered renal trauma for 1 to 4 days.All patients had the symptoms of pain in the affected kidney, and 4 patients had hematuria.The renal pelvis diameter of all patients was more than 25 mm.The patients underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty and renal rupture repairment, with the ureteral stent, perirenal drainage tube and catheter placed inside the body during the operation.Results:All operations were completed successfully without any blood transfusion and open surgery.Intrao-perative time was from 2.5 to 3.5 hours.Two cases had renal parenchymal contusion in the front lower pole of kidneys and 4 cases in the lateral lower pole.Five cases had renal cortex and pelvis rupture, and 1 case had renal cortical fracture and subcapsular hematoncus.After the operation, the perinephric drainage tube was pulled out in 3 to 5 days, the catheter was pulled out in 7 to 10 days, and the ureteral stent was removed in 6 to 8 weeks.All children recovered well and hydronephrosis was ameliorated.The glomerular filtration rates and fractional renal function were all improved.Conclusions:One stage laparoscopic pyeloplasty is safe and effective for the treatment of hydronephrosis with renal trauma in children.Renal trauma in children usually occurs at the lower pole of the kidney.Early operation is needed if hydronephrosis is aggravated and symptoms are not relieved after the trauma.Intraoperative impairment of renal parenchymal rupture can be conducted.For intraoperative bleeding in grade 3 renal injury, renal parenchyma suturation and removal of necrotic renal tissue should be adopted to arrest bleeding.

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 882-885, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922170

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the application of suprapubic lipectomy with a "Ω" incision to removal of the prepubic fat pad for the management of buried penis in obese adult patients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 20 obese adult patients with buried penis treated by suprapubic lipectomy via a "Ω" incision between August 2016 and September 2019.@*RESULTS@#The operations were successfully completed in all the cases, with a mean operation time of 3.7 ± 0.6 hours and an average hospital stay of 8.3 ± 3.3 days. There were no such severe surgery-related complications as hematoma, urethral injury, or fat embolism in any of the cases. Fat liquefaction-related superficial wound infection developed in 1 patient postoperatively, which was cured by combined topical and systemic antibiotic therapy. A 3-month follow-up showed a 95% satisfaction of the patients with the postoperative appearance of the penis and suprapubic incision, but no complications such as ED, abnormal penile sensation, or penile retraction.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Suprapubic lipectomy with a "Ω" incision to remove the prepubic fat pad is an effective surgical approach to the management of buried penis in obese adult males, which is an anatomy-based surgical correction and has the advantages of slight injury, rapid recovery and few complications./.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Humans , Lipectomy , Male , Obesity/surgery , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879188

ABSTRACT

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lactates , Mass Spectrometry , Rats , Technology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878724

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical characteristics and short-term efficacy of endoscopic hemostasis in acute duodenal hemorrhage. Methods A retrospective study was conducted for the patients who received endoscopy in the PUMC Hospital due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding and were confirmed to be on account of duodenal lesions for bleeding from January 2011 to December 2018.Clinical information of patients was collected,including demographics,comorbidities,and medication use.Endoscopic information included the origin of bleeding,the number and location of lesions,Forrest classes and size of ulcers,and endoscopic therapeutic methods.Factors that could be relative to the failure of endoscopic hemostasis or short-term recurrence of hemorrhage in these patients were analyzed. Results Among all the patients with duodenal hemorrhage,79.7%(102/128)were due to ulcers,14.1%(18/128)to tumors,3.9%(5/128)to vascular malformation,and 2.3%(3/128)to diverticulum.Fifty-three(41.4%)patients received endoscopic hemostasis,and six patients(4.7%)received surgery or interventional embolization after the endoscopic test.Among the patients receiving endoscopic hemostasis,5.7%(3/53),66.0%(35/53),and 28.3%(15/53)received injection therapy,mechanical therapy,and dual endoscopic therapy,respectively,and 94.3% of them were cured.However,10(18.9%)of them experienced recurrence of hemorrhage and 3 patients died during hospitalization.Only one patient suffered from perforation after the second endoscopic treatment.Lesions located on the posterior wall of bulb appeared to be a risk factor for the failure of endoscopic hemostasis(OR=31.333,95% CI=2.172-452.072,P=0.021).The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a risk factor of rebleeding after endoscopic therapy(OR=7.000,95% CI=1.381-35.478,P=0.023).Conclusions Peptic ulcers were always blamed and diverticulum could also be a common reason for duodenal hemorrhage,which was different from the etiological constitution of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Lesions locating on the posterior wall of the duodenum had a higher potential to fail the endoscopic hemostasis.The lesion diameter≥1 cm was a predictive factor for short-term recurrence.Forrest classes of ulcers at duodenum did not significantly affect the endoscopic therapeutic efficacy or prognosis.


Subject(s)
Duodenal Ulcer/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue state and intestinal flora in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with CFS were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with normal diet and moderate exercise; on the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with ginger-separated moxibustion at Zhongwan (CV 12), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4), 30 min each time, once every other day, three times a week. Both groups were intervened for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) was used to observe the improvement of fatigue state, and 16S rRNA detection technology was used to detect the distribution of intestinal flora.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 score was reduced after treatment in the observation group (@*CONCLUSION@#The ginger-separated moxibustion could significantly improve the fatigue state in CFS patients, which may be related to the regulation of intestinal flora structure and the repair of intestinal barrier.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Ginger , Humans , Moxibustion , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1053-1059, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124896

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the hard and soft tissue profile changes following treatment of functional and mild skeletal class III malocclusion in mixed dentition by means of the Frankel functional regulator (FR-3) appliance, and to reveal the mechanism and effectiveness of treatment with FR-3 appliance. Twenty-six patients (chronological mean age, 8.7±1.4 years; mean treatment duration, 10.3±1.3 months) with functional and mild skeletal class III malocclusion were selected and treated with FR-3 appliances. Lateral cephalogram was taken pre- and post-treatment, and the data was analyzed by paired-samples t test with SPSS22.0 software package. Differences were considered statistically significant at P < 0.05. The results demonstrated that the FR-3 appliance produced a statistically significant decrease in L1-NB, L1-MP, U1-L1 (P<0.01) and an increase greatly in ANB, MP-FH, Y axis, ANSMe, ANS-Me/N-Me and overjet (P<0.01). SNA, SNB were increased significantly (P<0.05). Meanwhile, N'-Sn-Pog', ULSn-SN, LLSiSN increased, S-N'-Si, LL-EP decreased with significant difference (P<0.01). S-N'-Sn, Cm-Sn-UL, UL-EP, Sn-Mes and Ns-Mes increased with significant difference (P<0.05). Therefore it was concluded that after FR-3 treatment, the position of mandible may rotate clockwise backwards and downwards, with the labioversion of upper incisors and linguoversion of lower incisors. Although point A moved mesially, the length and position of the maxilla did not change significantly. With the protrusion of upper lip and the retrusion of lower lip, the relationship among nose, upper lip, lower lip and chin become harmonious, the profile of soft tissue is more coordinated and attractive.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en el perfil de los tejidos duros y blandos después del tratamiento de la maloclusión funcional y leve de la clase III esquelética en la dentición mixta mediante el aparato regulador funcional Frankel (FR-3), y revelar el mecanismo y efectividad del tratamiento con el aparato FR-3. Veintiseis pacientes (edad media 8,7 ± 1,4 años; duración media del tratamiento, 10,3 ± 1,3 meses) con maloclusión funcional y leve de clase esquelética III fueron seleccionados y tratados con aparatos FR-3. El cefalograma lateral se tomó antes y después del tratamiento, y los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba t de muestras con el software SPSS22.0. Las diferencias se consideraron estadísticamente significativas a P <0,05. Los resultados demostraron que el dispositivo FR-3 produjo una disminución estadísticamente significativa en L1-NB, L1MP, U1-L1 (P <0,01) y un gran aumento en ANB, MP-FH, eje Y, ANS-Me, ANS -Me / N-Me y overjet (P <0,01). SNA, SNB se incrementaron significativamente (P <0,05). Mientras tanto, N'Sn-Pog', ULSn-SN, LLSi-SN aumentaron, S-N'-Si, LL-EP disminuyeron con una diferencia significativa (P <0,01). S-N'-Sn, Cm-Sn-UL, UL-EP, Sn-Mes y Ns-Mes aumentaron con una diferencia significativa (P <0,05). Por lo tanto, se concluyó que después del tratamiento con FR-3, la posición de la mandíbula puede girar en sentido reloj hacia atrás y hacia abajo, con labioversión de los incisivos superiores y linguoversión de los incisivos inferiores. Aunque el punto A se movió mesialmente, la longitud y la posición del maxilar no cambiaron significativamente. Con la protuberancia del labio superior y la retrusión del labio inferior, la relación entre la nariz, el labio superior, el labio inferior y el mentón se armoniza, el perfil del tejido blando es más coordinado y atractivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Dentition, Mixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/pathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Cephalometry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873362

ABSTRACT

Objective:The phase separation of Baihutang was carried out. The content of mangiferin,new mangiferin,calciumion,glycyrrhizin and ammonium glycyrrhizinate in the solution phase,the nano phase and the precipitated phase of Baihutang were measured,so as to define the effect of nanometer particles of Baihutang on the growth of active components,and explain the mechanisms of Baihutang in potent detoxification and heat removal. Method:The phase separation of Baihutang was performed by high-speed centrifugation and dialysis. The contents of mangiferin,new mangiferin,glycyrrhizin and ammonium glycyrrhizinate in Baihutang were determined by HPLC. Chromatographic column Diamonsil C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was adopted, with acetonitrile-25 mmol·L-1 potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution as the mobile phase, and eluted in a gradient mode. The detection wavelength was 257 nm,the column temperature was 30 ℃,and the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. EDTA-2Na solution was used to calibrate the calcium concentration in different phase states of Baihutang. Result:1 mL Baihutang nanoparticles contained 483.00 μg new mangiferin,1 068.88 μg mangiferin,219.93 μg glycyrrhizin and 187.10 μg ammonium glycyrrhizin,and the content of new mangiferin and mangiferin accounted for 89.4% and 89.9% respectively in 1 mL Baihutang. The new mangiferin and mangiferin in the nano phase were 230.0 and 23.3 times the true solution,and 8.5 and 14.4 times of the precipitation,respectively. The content of calcium ions in Baihutang in the nano phase was higher,accounting for 86.9% of Baihutang,and the content of calcium ions in Baihutang and Baihutang in the nano phase was higher than that in gypsum group. Conclusion:The content of main components in Baihutang in nanometer phase is significantly higher than that in other phases. The nanoparticles of Baihutang have a solubilizing effect on the main antipyretic components, such as mangiferin,mangiferin and calcium ions as well as the antitoxic components glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhizic acid. The mechanism of action of Baihutang is related to the formation of nanoparticles.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873174

ABSTRACT

Zixue was first recorded in detail in Qianjin Yifang, and practitioners of later generations renamed it as Zixuesan and Zixuedan, which is the representative prescription of antipyretic preparations and has high clinical application and research value. At present, there have been many studies on the pharmacological effect and clinical application of Zixue, but the medical books of the past dynasties have slightly different records on Zixue, which has brought some difficulties to the reasonable clinical application and research of this prescription. In addition to the introduction of Zixuesan, which is different from the ancient recipe, the researchers have questions about which development method can reasonably inherit and develop the classical preparation. The authors intend to summarize the historical evolution of "formula" and "preparation" of Zixue, in order to clarify its historical context, which can provide a reference for the modern research and development of this formula, and provide a new ideas for the in-depth exploration of other classic preparations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872939

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer mainly occurs in woman's mammary epithelial tissues, with a complex and unclear pathogenesis. The mortality rate is high and increasing year by year, and the patients become younger and younger, which seriously threatens woman's health. Therefore, it's urgent to find high-efficiency and low-toxicity medicines against breast cancer. The breast is not an essential organ for life support, but the cancer cells can easily fall off and metastasize throughout the body with blood or lymph fluid. It's a main cause of death. Surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, molecular targeting, endocrine therapy, immunity therapy have certain limitations due to serious toxicity and side effects and the difficulty in controlling the invasion and metastasis of the cancer cell. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)has been widely studied and valued by researchers at home and abroad due to its unique advantages, such as multiple pathways, multiple targets, low toxicity and fewer side effects, and a lot of TCMs and their active ingredients with the anti-breast cancer activity have been studied by the researchers. Based on flavonoids, polyphenols, alkaloids, terpenes and other TCM ingredients, the mechanism in inhibiting breast cancer cell proliferation, inducing it apoptosis, inhibiting it invasion and migration in vitro were taken as the main content, which was supplemented by the summary of main relevant signal pathways targeted by the ingredients. This study reviewed the mechanism of ingredients in suppressing breast cancer in vitro by viewing and screening relevant literature at home and abroad in the past 10 years. The in-depth study of effective ingredients of TCM is expected to provide a reference for the development of effective targeting preparations for treating breast cancer. On the basis of in-depth excavation of active ingredients of TCM, relevant studies in the future are suggested to apply the ingredients of TCM acting on the same or similar pathways, factors, proteins, and make use of the basic theory of TCM, so as to achieve the effect in against breast cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Qiwei Baizhusan (QWBZS) on liver insulin phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) signal pathway of diabetic mice induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ). Method:The methods of network pharmacology and animal experiments were used to study the hypoglycemic effect of QWBZS. Active chemical components of the drug and disease targets selected through public databases were used to construct the protein-protein interaction network (PPIN), and gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomics(KEGG) enrichment analysis was performed to identify relevant signal pathways in vivo. In the pharmacological experiment, the diabetic mice model was established through intraperitoneal injection with 80 mg·kg-1·d-1 STZ high-glucose, high-fat diet. The mice were divided into normal group (normal saline), model group (normal saline) and QWBZS group (18.7 g·kg-1·d-1). After 28 days, the hypoglycemic effect of the drug and its effect on serum total cholesterol (T-CHO), fasting insulin (FINS) and serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) were used to detect protein and mRNA expressions of insulin receptor (IR), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1),phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) in liver tissues. Result:A total of 36 active components in this drug were identified by network pharmacology. KEGG analysis suggested that QWBZS might play a role in reducing blood glucose by regulating PI3K Akt signal pathway. Compared with the model group, the levels of blood glucose, serum T-Cho and TNF-α of the intervention group were significantly lower (P<0.01), while the FINS of the intervention group was significantly higher (P<0.01). Protein and mRNA expressions of IR,IRS-1,PI3K and Akt in liver tissues of mice in QWBZS treatment group increased markedly (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:QWBZS could regulate the levels of blood glucose, TNF-α, T-CHO, and FINS in the serum of diabetic mice induced by high-fat diet and STZ. It can improve PI3K/Akt signal pathway of diabetic mice by regulating protein and mRNA expressions of IR,IRS-1,PI3K and Akt/PKB.

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 705-718, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826791

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder that affects almost 20% of the global population. In addition, much evidence has implicated altered function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) system in the pathophysiology of depression. Recent research has indicated that GABA receptors (GABARs) are an emerging therapeutic target in the treatment of stress-related disorders such as MDD. However, which cell types with GABARs are involved in this process is unknown. As hippocampal dysfunction is implicated in MDD, we knocked down GABARs in the hippocampus and found that knocking down these receptors in astrocytes, but not in GABAergic or pyramidal neurons, caused a decrease in immobility in the forced swimming test (FST) without affecting other anxiety- and depression-related behaviors. We also generated astrocyte-specific GABAR-knockout mice and found decreased immobility in the FST in these mice. Furthermore, the conditional knockout of GABARs in astrocytes selectively increased the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein in hippocampal astrocytes, which controlled the decrease in immobility in the FST. Taken together, our findings contribute to the current understanding of which cell types expressing GABARs modulate antidepressant activity in the FST, and they may provide new insights into the pathological mechanisms and potential targets for the treatment of depression.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue, sleep quality and depression in the patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome were randomized into an observation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, the patients had normal diet and proper physical exercise. In the observation group, on the basis of the control group, the ginger-separated moxibustion was added at Zhongwan (CV 12), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4), 30 min each time, once every two days, 3 times weekly. Separately, before treatment and after 4 weeks of treatment, the MOS item short form health survey (SF-36), the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale and the self-rating depression scale (SDS) were adopted to evaluate the degrees of fatigue, sleep quality and depression in the patients of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the observation group, the score of each item of SF-36, the score of each item of PSQI and SDS score after treatment were all improved significantly as compared with those before treatment respectively (<0.05, <0.01). In the control group, the scores of overall health, vitality and mental health in SF-36 and the score of sleep time of PSQI after treatment were improved as compared with those before treatment respectively (<0.05). After treatment, the score of each item of SF-36, the scores of sleep quality, sleep time, sleep efficiency and sleep disorders of PSQI, as well as SDS score in the observation group were all better than those in the control group respectively (<0.01, <0.05). The score of SF-36 was relevant to the scores of PSQI and SDS in the patients of chronic fatigue syndrome ( =0.331, <0.05; =-0.706, <0.01). The improvement value of SF-36 score was closely related to the improvement value of SDS score in the observation group ( =-0.657, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The ginger-separated moxibustion effectively relieves fatigue and depression condition and improves sleep quality in the patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. The fatigue condition is relevant with sleep quality and depression condition to a certain extent in the patients.

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