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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 58-67, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971626

ABSTRACT

The current organ allocation rules prioritize elderly and urgent patients on the lung transplantation (LT) waiting list. A steady increase in the threshold at which age is taken into consideration for LT has been observed. This retrospective cohort study recruited 166 lung transplant recipients aged ≽ 65 years between January 2016 and October 2020 in the largest LT center in China. In the cohort, subgroups of patients aged 65-70 years (111 recipients, group 65-70) and ≽ 70 years (55 recipients, group ≽ 70) were included. Group D restrictive lung disease was the main indication of a lung transplant in recipients over 65 years. A significantly higher percentage of coronary artery stenosis was observed in the group ≽ 70 (30.9% vs. 14.4% in group 65-70, P = 0.014). ECMO bridging to LT was performed in 5.4% (group 65-70) and 7.3% (group ≽ 70) of patients. Kaplan-Meier estimates showed that recipients with cardiac abnormalities had a significantly increased risk of mortality. After adjusting for potential confounders, cardiac abnormality was shown to be independently associated with the increased risk of post-LT mortality (HR 6.37, P = 0.0060). Our result showed that LT can be performed in candidates with an advanced age and can provide life-extending benefits.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , East Asian People , Heart Diseases/etiology , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 229-236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of methyl eugenol (Me) on islet ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and elucidate its underlying mechanism.Methods:The islets were isolated and purified from 6-8 week male BALB/c mice and divided into four groups of normal control (normal culture without any treatment), hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R treatment), H/R+ dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO dosing plus H/R treatment) and H/R+ Me (Me dosing plus H/R). Viability of islet cells in each group was detected by acridine orange (AO)/propidium iodide (PI) double stain.Function of islet cells (insulin secretion) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Murine islet β Min6 cells were selected for detecting the effect of Me on the proliferative activity of normal cultured and H/R treated islet cells under different concentration gradients by CCK8.Then Min6 cells were divided into four groups of normal, H/R, H/R+ DMSO and H/R+ Me.The definition of group was the same as that of primary murine islets.Flow cytometry and Hoechst 33342 nuclear stain were utilized for detecting cell apoptotic rate in each group.The protein expressions of p-JNK, p-p38, JNK, p38, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blot.And the data were processed by one-way ANOVA or t test.Results:The proportion of dead islet cells in H/R group was (29.47±2.65)% and it was significantly lower than that in normal group (7.63±1.53)%.And the inter-group differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The proportion of dead islet cells was (20.63±3.07)% in H/R+ Me group.It was higher than that in H/R group (29.47±2.65)% and in H/R+ DMSO group (30.13±1.50)% and inter-group difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05 & P<0.01). Under the stimulation of high glucose, the insulin secretion level of islet in H/R+ Me group was (1.76+ 0.08) mg/L, which was higher than that in H/R group and H/R+ DMSD group(1.24±0.14)mg/L and(1.27±0.05)mg/L, and the difference was statistically significant[(1.76±0.08) vs. (1.24±0.14) mg/L; (1.76±0.08) vs.(1.27±0.05) mg/L, P<0.01]. There was no significant effect on cell viability after Me dosing within a certain concentration range (0-40 μmol/L). After Me dosing (5 μmol/L), cell viability of H/R-treated Min6 cells was significantly higher than that without Me.And the difference was statistically significant[(1.19±0.03) vs.(1.00±0), P<0.01]. As compared with H/R and H/R+ DMSO groups, overall apoptotic rate declined in H/R+ Me group (Hoechst 33342 stain: 14.50%±1.05% vs. 23.30%±1.18%, 14.50%±1.05% vs. 22.77%±1.75%, P<0.001; Flow cytometry: 4.36%±0.54% vs. 21.44%±1.02%, 4.36%±0.54% vs. 21.68%±3.06%, P<0.01). The expressions of p-JNK and p-p38 were down-regulated (p-JNK: 0.77±0.06 vs. 1.03±0.05, 0.77±0.06 vs.0.93±0.04, P<0.001; p-p38: 0.80±0.05 vs. 1.01±0.08; 0.80±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.05, P<0.05) while Bcl-2/Bax ratio rose (1.62±0.13 vs. 0.72±0.10, 1.62±0.13 vs. 0.74±0.13, P<0.01). Conclusions:Me can improve the viability and function of islets and suppress the apoptosis of Min6 cells after H/R.The mechanism is correlated with JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 218-219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994007

ABSTRACT

Adrenal epithelioid sarcoma is very rare in clinic. A case of epithelioid sarcoma of the right adrenal gland was reported in this paper. After physical examination, the patient was found to have a mass in the right adrenal area and underwent right adrenalectomy. The postoperative pathological diagnosis was right adrenal epithelioid sarcoma. Two months after adrenalectomy, positron emission tomography computed tomography(PET/CT) noted recurrence at the tumor bed and multiple metastases.The patient underwent chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy. After 16 months of follow-up, the disease was stable.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1548-1561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981153

ABSTRACT

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an acute, severe, and highly contagious infectious disease caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which seriously endangers the development of animal husbandry. The inactivated FMD vaccine is the main product for the prevention and control of FMD, which has been successfully applied to control the pandemic and outbreak of FMD. However, the inactivated FMD vaccine also has problems, such as the instability of antigen, the risk of spread of the virus due to incomplete inactivation during vaccine production, and the high cost of production. Compared with traditional microbial and animal bioreactors, production of antigens in plants through transgenic technology has some advantages including low cost, safety, convenience, and easy storage and transportation. Moreover, since antigens produced from plants can be directly used as edible vaccines, no complex processes of protein extraction and purification are required. But, there are some problems for the production of antigens in plants, which include low expression level and poor controllability. Thus, expressing the antigens of FMDV in plants may be an alternative mean for production of FMD vaccine, which has certain advantages but still need to be continuously optimized. Here we review the main strategies for expressing active proteins in plants, as well as the research progress on the expression of FMDV antigens in plants. We also discuss the current problems and challenges encountered, with the aim to facilitate related research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/genetics , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Antigens, Viral/genetics , Viral Vaccines
5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 188-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965833

ABSTRACT

ObjectivePeriprosthetic joint infections (PJI) are currently the most calamitous complication after arthroplasty. Although achievements have been made in many markers for the diagnosis of PJI, the lack of a gold standard remains a great obstacle for early diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate the association between coagulation markers and the development of PJI in patients undergoing revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA). MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort study with a total of 2 517 patients who underwent hip or knee arthroplasties from January 2011 to January 2022 (2 394 with primary TJA, 87 with aseptic revision and 36 with PJI). We applied univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression to analyze differences of coagulation factors between primary TJA and aseptic revision or PJI group. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to measure the diagnostic value of coagulation factors in predicting PJI. ResultsCoagulation factors and their ratios including plasma fibrinogen (FBG), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), platelet (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), plateletcrit (PCT), PLT / MPV, PLT / PDW and PLT / PCT were included in this study. High FGB level was strongly correlated with the risk of PJI compared to other coagulation factors. The optimal threshold value of FBG was 4.53 g/L with a sensitivity of 47.22%, a specificity of 93.07% (Primary TJA group vs. PJI group). Similarly, the optimal threshold value of FBG was 4.44 g/L with a sensitivity of 47.22%, a specificity of 95.40% between the other two groups (Aseptic revision group vs. PJI group). ROC curve analysis demonstrated moderate diagnostic performance of FBG (AUC value), indicating a potential to be a diagnostic marker for PJI. ConclusionsFBG is significantly correlated with PJI and it can be used as a potential non-invasive marker for early detection. It may serve as a safe and cost-effective tool for assessing PJI in clinical work.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 352-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics and prognosis of acute leukemia(AL) with SET-NUP214 fusion gene.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients over 14 years old newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 positive AL admitted in Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital from August 2017 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 17 SET-NUP214 positive patients, 13 cases were diagnosed as T-ALL (ETP 3 cases, Pro-T-ALL 6 cases, Pre-T-ALL 3 cases, Medullary-T-ALL 1 case), AML 3 cases (2 cases M5, 1 case M0) and ALAL 1 case. Thirteen patients presented extramedullary infiltration at initial diagnosis. All 17 patients received treatment, and a total of 16 cases achieved complete remission (CR), including 12 cases in patients with T-ALL. The total median OS and RFS time were 23 (3-50) months and 21 (0-48) months, respectively. Eleven patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), with median OS time of 37.5 (5-50) months and median RFS time of 29.5 (5-48) months. The median OS time of 6 patients in chemotherapy-only group was 10.5 (3-41) months, and median RFS time of 6.5 (3-39) months. The OS and RFS of patients with transplantation group were better than those of chemotherapy-only group (P=0.038). Among the 4 patients who relapsed or refractory after allo-HSCT, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene did not turn negative before transplantation. While, in the group of 7 patients who have not relapsed after allo-HSCT till now, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene expression of 5 patients turned negative before transplantation and other 2 of them were still positive.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion site of SET-NUP214 fusion gene is relatively fixed in AL patients, often accompanied by extramedullary infiltration. The chemotherapy effect of this disease is poor, and allo-HSCT may improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Acute Disease , Prognosis , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/therapy , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 271-275, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To derive the paternity index (PI) calculation formula of the alleged father (AF) when the AF is a relative (parent/child, siblings, grandparent/grandchild, uncle/nephew, first cousins) of the child's biological mother.@*METHODS@#For the case when the AF is related to the child's biological mother, the existence of the relationship in the numerator and denominator hypothesis of PI was considered. The genotype frequency of the AF was calculated by using the frequency formula in which the mother's genotype was considered, while the random male in the denominator was substituted as another relative of the mother's same rank. The PI calculation formula was derived to eliminate the effect of the relationship between AF and the child's biological mother.@*RESULTS@#When the AF and the biological mother have first, second and tertiary kinship, a more conservative PI was obtained from the PI calculation formula derived in this study compared with the PI calculation method which did not consider kinship.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The calculation method provided in this study can eliminate the effect of the relation of the AF and mother on the PI in incest cases, to obtain more accurate and conservative identification conclusions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Paternity , Mothers , Genotype , Fathers
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 129-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the reliability and accuracy of deep learning technology in automatic sex estimation using the 3D reconstructed images of the computed tomography (CT) from the Chinese Han population.@*METHODS@#The pelvic CT images of 700 individuals (350 males and 350 females) of the Chinese Han population aged 20 to 85 years were collected and reconstructed into 3D virtual skeletal models. The feature region images of the medial aspect of the ischiopubic ramus (MIPR) were intercepted. The Inception v4 was adopted as the image recognition model, and two methods of initial learning and transfer learning were used for training. Eighty percent of the individuals' images were randomly selected as the training and validation dataset, and the remaining were used as the test dataset. The left and right sides of the MIPR images were trained separately and combinedly. Subsequently, the models' performance was evaluated by overall accuracy, female accuracy, male accuracy, etc.@*RESULTS@#When both sides of the MIPR images were trained separately with initial learning, the overall accuracy of the right model was 95.7%, the female accuracy and male accuracy were both 95.7%; the overall accuracy of the left model was 92.1%, the female accuracy was 88.6% and the male accuracy was 95.7%. When the left and right MIPR images were combined to train with initial learning, the overall accuracy of the model was 94.6%, the female accuracy was 92.1% and the male accuracy was 97.1%. When the left and right MIPR images were combined to train with transfer learning, the model achieved an overall accuracy of 95.7%, and the female and male accuracies were both 95.7%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of deep learning model of Inception v4 and transfer learning algorithm to construct a sex estimation model for pelvic MIPR images of Chinese Han population has high accuracy and well generalizability in human remains, which can effectively estimate the sex in adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Deep Learning , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Pelvis , Reproducibility of Results , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1260-1268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970437

ABSTRACT

On-line and off-line blended teaching is one of the directions for future experimental teaching mode reform in universities. Blended teaching is characterized by systematic course design, repeatable knowledge nodes, autonomous learning and frequent interaction between teachers and students. The on-line and off-line blended teaching course of Biochemistry Experiments in Zhejiang University includes massive open online course (MOOC), off-line comprehensive series of experiments and independent experiments design and practice. The blended teaching practice of this course expanded experimental teaching content, developed standardized preparation, process and assessment mechanism, and promoted shared application of the course.


Subject(s)
Humans , Learning , Students , Curriculum , Biochemistry
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 27-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To examine the reliability and accuracy of Walker's model for estimating the sex of Han adults in western China by using cranium three-dimensional (3D) CT reconstruction, and to study the suitable cranial sex estimation model for Han people in western China.@*METHODS@#A total of 576 cranial CT 3D reconstructed images from Hanzhong Hospital in Shaanxi Province from 2017 to 2021 were collected. These images were divided into the experimental group with 486 samples and the validation group with 90 samples. Walker's model was used by observer 1 to estimate the sex of experimental group samples. The logistic function applicable to Han people in western China was corrected by observer 1. The 90 samples in the validation group were scored and substituted into the modified logistic function to complete the back substitution test by observer 1, 2 and 3.@*RESULTS@#The accuracy of sex estimation of Han adults in western China was 63.2%-77.2% by applying Walker's model. The accuracy of modified logistic function was 82.9%. The accuracy of sex estimation through back substitution test by 3 observers was 75.6%-91.1%, with a Kappa value of 0.689 (P<0.05) for inter-observer consistency and 0.874 (P<0.05) for intra-observer consistency.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are great differences in bone characteristics among people from different regions. The modified logistic function can achieve higher accuracy in Han adults in western China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Determination by Skeleton/methods , Forensic Anthropology , Skull/anatomy & histology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , China , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923691

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the status and identify the influencing factors of smoking behaviors among residents in Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, so as to provide insights into tobacco control. @*Methods@#Permanent residents at ages of more than 18 years were recruited from 17 communities in Nanshan District, Shenzhen City using the stratified multistage random sampling method from July to November, 2018. Participants' demographic features, smoking, smoking cessation and exposure to secondhand smoke were collected using the Individual Questionnaire for 2018 Chinese Adult Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance. The factors affecting current smoking were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#Totally 1 700 questionnaires were allocated, and 1 625 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 95.59%. The respondents included 714 men and 911 women, with a male to female ratio of 1∶1.27, and had a mean age of ( 45.13±13.59 ) years. The prevalence of current smoking was 15.51%, with 28.15% prevalence in men and 5.60% in women. The mean age of starting daily smoke was ( 21.00±5.52 ) years, and the mean daily smoking frequency was (13.53±9.15) cigarettes/d. The prevalence of smoking cessation was 6.58%, with 10.64% in men and 3.40% in women, and the prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke was 41.42%, including 46.63% in men and 37.32% in women. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that an educational level of junior high school ( OR=1.683, 95%CI: 1.088-2.602 ), an educational level of high school/technical secondary school/vocational school (OR=1.687, 95%CI: 1.185-2.402), an occupation of farmers ( OR=2.514, 95%CI: 1.404-4.500 ), and an occupation of commercial and service personnel ( OR=1.939, 95%CI: 1.093-3.439 ) were associated with current smoking.@*Conclusion@# The prevalence of current smoking is low among residents in Nanshan District, but the prevalence of current smoking in women is higher than the national level. Educational level and occupation are main factors affecting current smoking.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 421-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923555

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the affect of physical activity on neurocognitive function of overweight children.Methods The literatures about the effect of physical activity on neurocognitive function of overweight children were retrieved with subjected retrieval method in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database, PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO databases from January, 2000 to January, 2022. The authors, countries, published years, ages of subjects, research methods, intervention time, measurement tools and measurement indicators were extracted.Results Twelve articles were selected finally. These articles came from United States, Italy, Belgium and China, were mainly published in journals of psychology, clinical medicine, neuroscience, physical education. The study design included randomized controlled trials and pre-post-trial. The mean PEDro score was 6.67. The types of physical activity included fitness, skills and sports activities. The overweight children participating in physical activities could benefit from cognition and brain plasticity. On the cognition, physical activity could improve attention, memory, inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility. In terms of brain plasticity, physical activity could improve the integrity of brain white matter, increase hippocampal volume, enhance brain activation and brain network connectivity.Conclusion Physical activity is a simple and effective form of exercise. It can improve not only attention, memory, executive function and other cognitive functions, but also brain structure and brain function in overweight children. The mechanism of cognition, the interaction between physical activity and other factors, and the dose-relationship between physical activity and cognitive benefits still need to be explored in the future.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 229-235, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of total ginsenosides (TG) extract from Panax ginseng on neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation and their underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The migration of NSCs after treatment with various concentrations of TG extract (50, 100, or 200 µ g/mL) were monitored. The proliferation of NSCs was examined by a combination of cell counting kit-8 and neurosphere assays. NSC differentiation mediated by TG extract was evaluated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining to monitor the expression of nestin and microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2). The GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in TG-treated NSCs was examined by Western blot assay. The NSCs with constitutively active GSK-3β mutant were made by adenovirus-mediated gene transfection, then the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs mediated by TG were further verified.@*RESULTS@#TG treatment significantly enhanced NSC migration (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and increased the proliferation of NSCs (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG mediation also significantly upregulated MAP2 expression but downregulated nestin expression (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG extract also significantly induced GSK-3β phosphorylation at Ser9, leading to GSK-3β inactivation and, consequently, the activation of the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In addition, constitutive activation of GSK-3β in NSCs by the transfection of GSK-3β S9A mutant was found to significantly suppress TG-mediated NSC proliferation and differentiation (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TG promoted NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation by inactivating GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Panax , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , beta Catenin/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 966-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a prediction model using the random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms to achieve the numerical and classification predictions of the gamma passing rate (GPR) for volumetric arc intensity modulation (VMAT) validation.Methods:A total of 258 patients who received VMAT radiotherapy in the 1 st Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from April 2019 to August 2020 were retrospectively selected for patient-specific QA measurements, including 38 patients who received VMAT radiotherapy for head and neck, and 220 patients who received VMAT radiotherapy for chest and abdomen. Thirteen complexity parameters were extracted from the patient′s VMAT plans and the GPRs for VMAT validation under the analysis criteria of 3%/3 mm and 2%/2 mm were collected. The patients were randomly divided into a training cohort (70%) and a validation cohort (30%) , and the complexity parameters for the numerical and classification predictions were screened using the RF and minimum redundancy maximum correlation (mRMR) method, respectively. Complexity models and mixed models were established using PTV volume, subfield width, and smoothness factors based on the RF and SVM algorithms individually. The prediction performance of the established models was analyzed and compared. Results:For the validation cohort, the GPR numerical prediction errors of the complexity models based on RF and SVM under the two analysis criteria are as follows. The root-mean-square errors (RMSEs) under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm were 1.788% and 1.753%, respectively; the RMSEs under the analysis criterion of 2%/2 mm were 5.895% and 5.444%, respectively; the mean absolute errors (MAEs) under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm were 1.415% and 1.334%, respectively, and the MAEs under the analysis criteria of 2%/2 mm were 4.644% and 4.255%, respectively. For the validation cohort, the GPR numerical prediction errors of the mixed models based on RF and SVM under the two analysis criteria were as follows. The RMSEs under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm were 1.760% and 1.815%, respectively; the RMSEs under the analysis criterion of 2%/2 mm were 5.693% and 5.590%, respectively; the MAEs under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm were 1.386% and 1.319%, respectively, and the MAEs under the analysis criteria of 2%/2 mm were 4.523% and 4.310, respectively. For the validation cohort, the AUC result of the GPR classification prediction of the complexity models based on RF and SVM were 0.790 and 0.793, respectively under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm and were 0.763 and 0.754, respectively under the analysis criterion of 2%/2 mm. For the validation cohort, the AUC result of the GPR classification prediction of the mixed models based on RF and SVM were 0.806 and 0.859, respectively under the analysis criterion of 3%/3 mm and were 0.796 and 0.796, respectively under the analysis criterion of 2%/2 mm cohort.Conclusions:Complexity models and mixed models were developed based on the RF and SVM method. Both types of models allow for the numerical and classification predictions of the GPRs of VMAT radiotherapy plans under analysis criteria of 3%/3 mm and 2%/2 mm. The mixed models have higher prediction accuracy than the complexity models.

16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E591-E596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961772

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the wear condition of rotating hinge knee prosthesis (RHKP) during horizontal walking gait, and provide technical references for wear prediction and clinical application of this kind of prosthesis. Methods A finite element wear model of RHKP was established based on the standard ISO 14243, and the simulation results including the wear distribution and mass wear rate of tibiofemoral joint surface were compared with the results from in vitro experiments on the same type of prosthesis. Results The mass wear rate of the polyethylene insert was 26.01 mg/MC (million cycle)from finite element analysis (FEA) and (30.06±1.21) mg/MC from in vitro experiments, and the mass wear rate of the upper surface of polyethene insert from FEA was about 3.3 times that of the lower surface. The wear area obtained by FEA was basically consistent with that obtained by in vitro wear measurement. The main wear area was symmetrically distributed in the middle and back of the upper surface. Conclusions The mass wear rate of RHKP, as a semi-restrictive prosthesis, is obviously higher than that of primary total knee joint prosthesis. More attention should be paid to wear test and evaluation of RHKP.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 173-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2)and P53 and their relationship with microsatellite instability(MSI)in gastric cancer tissues.Methods:A total of 103 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer between January 2018 and October 2020 at Yueyang Hospital were enrolled in this study.HER2, P53 and mismatch repair proteins in gastric cancer tissues were detected with immunohistochemical(IHC)methods, and MSI screening was conducted at 7 sites with a new Idylla MSI(multiple fluorescent PCR)method.Results:Of 103 gastric cancer patients in this study, 77(74.8%)showed microsatellite stability(MSS)and 26(25.2%)showed MIS via IHC, and PCR also detected 77 MSS cases and 26 MSI cases.In MSI, there was more low HER2 expression than high HER2 expression, and the rate of low HER2 expression in MSI was higher than the rate of high HER2 expression in MSI( P<0.05).Also in MSI, there was more low P53 expression than high P53 expression, and the rate of low P53 expression in MSI was higher than the rate of high expression in MSI( P<0.05). Conclusions:MSS may exist in the process of gastric carcinogenesis and in gastric cancer it may be accompanied by low expression of HER2 and p53 in cancer tissues.There may be a mutually exclusive relationship between MSI and expressions of HER2 and p53, suggesting that carcinogenic mechanisms involving MSI may be very different from those involving HER2 and p53.MSI detection is very valuable in guiding treatment drug selection and prognosis assessment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 684-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929679

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of twelve-week aerobic exercise on inhibitory control abilities and the change of brain activation in overweight children. MethodsFrom October to December, 2021, 20 overweight children from a primary school in Changping District were selected for a twelve-week aerobic exercise intervention. Their inhibitory control abilities were measured by Flanker task before and after intervention, while their brain activation levels during the task were detected by functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). ResultsThe interactions between task type and time of accuracy and reaction time in inconsistent tasks Flanker task were significant (F > 9.277, P < 0.05), with higher accuracy and lower reaction time of after intervention (P < 0.05). After intervention, ch1, ch2, ch3, ch6, and ch8 channels were activated by inconsistent tasks (P < 0.05). ConclusionA twelve-week aerobic exercise intervention could improve the inhibitory control ability, and increase the prefrontal cortex activation during inconsistent tasks in overweight children.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 287-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity profiles of idarubicin, cytarabine, and cyclophosphamide (IAC) in relapse/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial with the registration number NCT02937662. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group was treated with an IAC regimen, and the regimen of the control group was selected by doctors according to medication experience. After salvage chemotherapy, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was conducted as far as possible according to the situation of the patients. We aimed to observe the efficacy, safety, and toxicity of the IAC regimen in relapse/refractory AML and to explore which is the better regimen. Results: Forty-two patients were enrolled in the clinical trial, with a median age of 36 years (IAC group, 22 cases and control groups, 20 cases) . ①The objective response rate was 71.4% in the IAC group and 40.0% in the control group (P=0.062) ; the complete remission (CR) rate was 66.7% in the IAC group and 40.0% in the control group (P=0.121) . The median follow-up time of surviving patients was 10.5 (range:1.7-32.8) months; the median overall survival (OS) was 14.1 (range: 0.6-49.1) months in the IAC group and 9.9 (range: 2.0-53.8) months in the control group (P=0.305) . The 1-year OS was 54.5% (95%CI 33.7%-75.3%) in the IAC group and 48.2% (95%CI 25.9%-70.5%) in the control group (P=0.305) , with no significant difference between these two regimens. ②The main hematologic adverse events (AEs) were anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia. The incidence of grade 3-4 hematologic AEs in the two groups was 100% (22/22) in the IAC group and 95% (19/20) in the control group. The median time of neutropenia after chemotherapy in the IAC group and control group was 20 (IQR: 8-30) and 14 (IQR: 5-50) days, respectively (P=0.023) . ③The CR rate of the early relapse (relapse within 12 months) group was 46.7% and that of the late relapse (relapse after 12 months) group was 72.7% (P=0.17) . The median OS time of early recurrence was 9.9 (range:1.7-53.8) months, and that of late recurrence patients was 19.3 (range: 0.6-40.8) months (P=0.420) , with no significant differences between the two groups. The 1-year OS rates were 45.3% (95%CI 27.2%-63.3%) and 66.7% (95%CI 40.0%-93.4%) , respectively (P=0.420) . Survival analysis showed that the 1-year OS rates of the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group and non-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group were 87.5% (95%CI 71.2%-100%) and 6.3% (95%CI 5.7%-18.3%) , respectively. The OS rate of the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group was significantly higher than that of the non-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group (P<0.001) . Conclusion: The IAC regimen is a well-tolerated and effective regimen in relapsed/refractory AML; this regimen had similar efficacy and safety with the regimen selected according to the doctor's experience for treating relapsed/refractory AML. For relapsed/refractory patients with AML, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be attempted as soon as possible to achieve long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neutropenia , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 383-387, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929572

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy of two induction regimens, namely, idarubicin combined with cytarabine (IA) versus the combination of homoharringtonine, daunorubicin, and cytarabine (HAD) , in adult patients with newly diagnosed de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: From May 2014 to November 2019, 199 patients diagnosed with AML receiving either the IA or HAD regimens were assessed for overall survival (OS) , relapse-free survival (RFS) , as well as the CR rate and the MRD negative rate after induction therapy. The differences in prognosis between the two induction therapy groups was assessed according to factors, including age, white blood cell (WBC) count, NPM1 mutation, FLT3-ITD mutation, 2017 ELN risk stratification, CR(1) transplantation, and the use of high-dose cytarabine during consolidation therapy, etc. Results: Among the 199 patients, there were 104 males and 95 females, with a median age of 37 (15-61) years. Ninety patients received the IA regimen, and 109 received the HAD regimen. Comparing the efficacy of the IA and HAD regimens, the CR rates after the first induction therapy were 71.1% and 63.3%, respectively (P=0.245) , and the MRD negative rates after the first induction therapy were 53.3% and 48.6%, respectively (P=0.509) . One patient in the IA group and two in the HAD group died within 60 days after induction. The two-year OS was 61.5% and 70.6%, respectively (P=0.835) , and the two-year RFS was 51.6% and 57.8%, respectively (P=0.291) . There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that the ELN risk stratification was an independent risk factor in both induction groups; CR(1) HSCT was an independent prognostic factor for OS and RFS in the IA patients and for RFS in the HAD patients but not for OS in the HAD patients. Age, WBC level, NPM1 mutation, and FLT3-ITD mutation had no independent prognostic significance. Conclusion: The IA and HAD regimens were both effective induction regimens for AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
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