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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889746

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of the present study was to compare the difference between double tract reconstruction and esophagogastrostomy. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients who underwent radical proximal gastrectomy with esophagogastrostomy or double tract reconstruction were included in this study. @*Results@#Sixty-four patients were included in this study and divided into two groups according to reconstruction method. The two groups were well balanced in perioperative safety and 3-year overall survival (OS). The rates of postoperative reflux esophagitis in the double tract reconstruction group and esophagogastrostomy group were 8.0% and 30.8%, respectively (p=0.032). Patients in the double tract reconstruction group had a better global health status (p < 0.001) and emotional functioning (p < 0.001), and complained less about nausea and vomiting (p < 0.001), pain (p=0.039), insomnia (p=0.003), and appetite loss (p < 0.001) based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Regarding the EORTC QLQ-STO22 questionnaire, patients in the double tract reconstruction group complained less about dysphagia (p=0.030), pain (p=0.008), reflux (p < 0.001), eating (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), dry mouth (p=0.007), and taste (p=0.001). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that reconstruction method, postoperative complications, reflux esophagitis, and operation duration had a linear relationship with the global health status score. @*Conclusion@#Double tract reconstruction could better prevent reflux esophagitis and improve quality of life without scarifying perioperative safety or 3-year OS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To better understand the development of domestic drug clinical trial ethical review related research, and provide possible reference for future studies.Methods:The data were searched and extracted from the databases such as CNKI, WANFANG. Research Papers on Ethical Review of drug clinical trials in China from 2003 to 2020 were reviewed. Bibliometric and visualization method was used to analyze the number of publications, journal categories, authors, key words, et al.Results:336 papers were selected according to the criteria. The number of published papers was increasing slowly during the years. These papers were published in 107 journals, authors from the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine participated in the largest publications. Beijing, Jiangsu and Shanghai ranked among the top three in terms of papers published by medical and scientific research institutions. The largest numbers of such paper were published in Chinese Journal of Medical Ethics (53). The most collaborative authors were Xiong Ningning, Liu Haitao, Lu Qi, Wang Xiuqin, Wu Cuiyun. The research hotspots were human subject protection, post-approval management, multi-center clinical trials, pregnant participant, clinical trials involving children, Good Clinical Practice and COVID-19 in recent years. There were about 11 kinds of research funding from provincial level and higher. Conclusions:It is helpful for researchers to understand the knowledge structures, latest progress, seeking for cooperation and communication, improvement and paper submission in their fields of ethical review through bibliometrics and visualization analysis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs combined with retinal laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF drugs alone in the treatment of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) combined with macular edema (ME).Methods:A evidence-based medicine study. Retinal vein occlusion (obstruction), macular edema, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor, bevacizumab, ranibizumab, conbercept, aflibercept, and retinal laser photocoagulation were the Chinese and English search terms. Related literature was searched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Weipu, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library. RVO combined with ME was selected as the research object, and the treatment plan was a clinical randomized controlled study comparing intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs combined with laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF drugs alone. The search time range was from January 2011 to February 2021. Repeated, incomplete or irrelevant literature, case reports and review literature were excluded. Review Manager 5.4 statistical software was used to conduct a meta-analysis of the literature. The weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval ( CI) were selected as the estimated value of effect size, and the fixed effect model was used for analysis. The evaluation indicators were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), center macular thickness (CMT), and the number of injections. Results:According to the search strategy, 461 articles were initially retrieved, and 21 articles were finally included for meta-analysis. A total of 1156 patients were enrolled, of which 576 were treated with anti-VEGF drugs combined with laser photocoagulation (combined treatment group), and 580 were treated with anti-VEGF drugs alone (drug treatment group). Meta-analysis results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in BCVA and CMT between the drug treatment group and the combination treatment group at 6, 9, and 12 months after treatment (BCVA: WMD =-0.82, 95% CI -2.38-0.74, P=0.30; CMT: WMD=-3.12, 95% CI -17.25-11.01, P=0.67). For patients with branch retinal vein occlusion and ME, combined therapy can reduce the number of injections more effectively than drug therapy alone ( WMD=-0.80, 95% CI -1.18--0.42, Z=4.10, P <0.000 1). Conclusion:Compared with pure intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs, combined retinal laser photocoagulation can not better improve BCVA and CMT in patients with RVO and ME. For patients with branch retinal vein occlusion and ME, combined retinal laser photocoagulation can effectively reduce the resistance. The number of VEGF injections.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the issue regarding a low correlation between visual and haptic feedback provided by the current upper-limb rehabilitation training system, this study was implemented based on the end-effector based upper-limb rehabilitation robot developed in the lab. A novel visual and haptic feedback fusion technology based on force tracking was investigated and its effect on upper-limb training was also studied. Methods:Based on the force model constructed in a virtual environment, two types of haptic feedbacks correlated to the visual feedback were designed, including the repulsive force when two objects getting close and the friction force when the object moving above medium surfaces. The haptic feedback constructed in the virtual environment was delivered to the trainees by using force tracking based on robot controlling algorithm. Eight health subjects were recruited and trained with and without feedback fusion. In the training process, the actual and expected haptic feedbacks as well as the surface electromyography (EMG) signals from anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, biceps, and triceps were collected. The root means square error (RMSE) between the actual and expected haptic feedback was calculated under the feedback fusion training mode to characterize the force tracking-based multi-sensory feedback fusion technology. The integrated EMG values (iEMG) and EMG amplitudes per unit time (EMG/T) under two training modes were measured to explore the effect of feedback fusion technology on the upper-limb motor training. Results:Under feedback fusion training mode, the RMSE between actual and expected haptic feedback was (0.757±0.171) N. The values of iEMG from four muscles were significantly higher (|t| > 7.965, P < 0.001), and the values of EMG/T from the biceps, triceps and anterior deltoid were significantly larger under feedback fusion training mode than under the training mode without feedback fusion. Conclusion:The proposed upper-limb rehabilitation robot training system could accurately transmit the haptic feedback constructed under the virtual environment to the trainees. This system could increase the stimulation to trainees' peripheral nervous function through visual and haptic feedback fusion as well as increase the trainees' training effort. The advantages of force tracking-based visual and haptic feedback fusion technology are to freely construct the force model under the virtual environment and the haptic feedback mode is not constrained by the spatial position. Moreover, two or more types of force models can be superimposed in the same spatial position by using this technology that could improve the matching effect between haptic feedback and visual feedback under a virtual environment. The trainees' motor rehabilitation interest could be stimulated and the experience feeling of human-robot interaction could also be enhanced.

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1555-1569, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922668

ABSTRACT

Quantitative evaluation of analgesic efficacy improves understanding of the antinociceptive mechanisms of new analgesics and provides important guidance for their development. Lappaconitine (LA), a potent analgesic drug extracted from the root of natural Aconitum species, has been clinically used for years because of its effective analgesic and non-addictive properties. However, being limited to ethological experiments, previous studies have mainly investigated the analgesic effect of LA at the behavioral level, and the associated antinociceptive mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, electrocorticogram (ECoG) technology was used to investigate the analgesic effects of two homologous derivatives of LA, Lappaconitine hydrobromide (LAH) and Lappaconitine trifluoroacetate (LAF), on Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to nociceptive laser stimuli, and to further explore their antinociceptive mechanisms. We found that both LAH and LAF were effective in reducing pain, as manifested in the remarkable reduction of nocifensive behaviors and laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) amplitudes (N2 and P2 waves, and gamma-band oscillations), and significantly prolonged latencies of the LEP-N2/P2. These changes in LEPs reflect the similar antinociceptive mechanism of LAF and LAH, i.e., inhibition of the fast signaling pathways. In addition, there were no changes in the auditory-evoked potential (AEP-N1 component) before and after LAF or LAH treatment, suggesting that neither drug had a central anesthetic effect. Importantly, compared with LAH, LAF was superior in its effects on the magnitudes of gamma-band oscillations and the resting-state spectra, which may be associated with their differences in the octanol/water partition coefficient, degree of dissociation, toxicity, and glycine receptor regulation. Altogether, jointly applying nociceptive laser stimuli and ECoG recordings in rats, we provide solid neural evidence for the analgesic efficacy and antinociceptive mechanisms of derivatives of LA.


Subject(s)
Aconitine/pharmacology , Analgesics/pharmacology , Animals , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 607-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886791

ABSTRACT

Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is a fatal complication after lung transplantation, which is intimately associated with age, immunosuppression level and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, etc. Reducing immunosuppression level, rituximab therapy and T cell immunotherapy are common treatments for PTLD. With the rapid development of lung transplantation in China, PTLD after lung transplantation has attracted widespread attention. This article reviews the risk factors, pathological types, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention of PTLD after lung transplantation, aiming to provide reference for early monitoring and management of the incidence and progression of PTLD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 300-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885008

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment of a case of primary renal synovial sarcoma was reported. The patient was diagnosed as malignant tumor of left kidney before operation and underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Renal synovial sarcoma was confirmed by pathological examination and gene test. After 6 courses of doxorubicin chemotherapy plus heavy ion radiotherapy for 15 days, no tumor metastasis or recurrence was found during the 14 months of follow-up. The diagnosis of this disease depends on molecular genetics. Surgery and chemotherapy are commonly used at present. Most patients have a poor prognosis.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897450

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of the present study was to compare the difference between double tract reconstruction and esophagogastrostomy. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients who underwent radical proximal gastrectomy with esophagogastrostomy or double tract reconstruction were included in this study. @*Results@#Sixty-four patients were included in this study and divided into two groups according to reconstruction method. The two groups were well balanced in perioperative safety and 3-year overall survival (OS). The rates of postoperative reflux esophagitis in the double tract reconstruction group and esophagogastrostomy group were 8.0% and 30.8%, respectively (p=0.032). Patients in the double tract reconstruction group had a better global health status (p < 0.001) and emotional functioning (p < 0.001), and complained less about nausea and vomiting (p < 0.001), pain (p=0.039), insomnia (p=0.003), and appetite loss (p < 0.001) based on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Regarding the EORTC QLQ-STO22 questionnaire, patients in the double tract reconstruction group complained less about dysphagia (p=0.030), pain (p=0.008), reflux (p < 0.001), eating (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), dry mouth (p=0.007), and taste (p=0.001). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that reconstruction method, postoperative complications, reflux esophagitis, and operation duration had a linear relationship with the global health status score. @*Conclusion@#Double tract reconstruction could better prevent reflux esophagitis and improve quality of life without scarifying perioperative safety or 3-year OS.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879052

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) injured with hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2). HUVEC injured with H_2O_2 were divided into 6 groups, namely blank group, model group, ginsenoside(TGG) group, total glucosides of Moutan Cortex(TGM) group, paeonol(P) group and TGG+TGM+P group. After 24 hours of co-culture with H_2O_2, the activities of succinate dehydrogenase(SDH) and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP were detected by microenzyme labeling. The apoptosis rate, intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration, reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(JC-1) were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome C, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that H_2O_2 could significantly damage HUVEC, decrease the activity of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP(P<0.01), while could increase the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.01). Serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex could increase the activities of SDH and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATP to different degrees, decrease the apoptosis+necrosis rate, JC-1 decline rate, ROS increase rate and Ca~(2+) concentration increase rate(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and down-regulate the protein expressions of Bax, caspase-3, caspase-9, cytochrome C, and up-regulate the protein expression of Bcl-2. The results showed that serum containing ginseng and Moutan Cortex has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by ROS, and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of mitochondrial function and the inhibition of the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Paeonia , Panax , Reactive Oxygen Species
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in neonates, and to provide a reference for the prevention of CH.@*METHODS@#The databases including China Biomedical Literature Service System, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, SpringerLink, and Elsevier/ScienceDirect were searched for studies on the risk factors for CH in neonates published up to August 1, 2020. R 3.6.2 and RevMan 5.3 software were used to perform a Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 studies were included, with 13 case-control studies and 7 cross-sectional studies. There were 11 564 neonates in total, with 3 579 neonates in the case group and 7 985 neonates in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that advanced maternal age (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Advanced maternal age, gestational thyroid disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, anxiety, medication during pregnancy, radiation exposure during pregnancy, family history of thyroid disease, low birth weight, fetal macrosomia, preterm birth, post-term birth, twin pregnancy or multiple pregnancy, and birth defects may increase the risk of CH in neonates.


Subject(s)
China , Congenital Hypothyroidism/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 643-648, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821124

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has spread quickly across 114 countries/territories/areas in six continents worldwide and has been announced as a pandemic by WHO. This study analyzed global COVID-19 epidemiological trends, examined impact of the pandemic on global health security, diplomacy, and social environment in China, and provided short- and long-term strategic policy recommendations for China’s subsequent preparedness and responses.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of leukocyte common antigen-related phosphatase receptor (LAR) on the regulation of visual plasticity in rats.Methods:Fourty newborn Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, with 8 rats in each group, and were executed at 1 week, 3, 5, 7 and 9 weeks postnatal, respectively.Thirty-two healthy and 10-week-old Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a fluoxetine group, a binocular form deprivation (BFD) group and a BFD+ fluoxetine group, with 8 rats in each group.Rats in the fluoxetine group drinked water with the dosage of 0.2 mg/ml fluoxetine for 4 weeks.The rats in the BFD group received eyelids suture for 2 weeks to form BFD model.And the combination of fluoxetine administration and BFD was performed in the BFD+ Fluoxetine group.No intervention was conducted in the normal control group.The expressions of LAR and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) were detected by immunofluorescence.The expression of LAR in the visual cortex of rats was detected by Western blot.Results:LAR was distributed in the cell membrane, plasma and axon.CSPGs were distributed in the intercellular substance in visual cortex of rats.The fluorescence intensities of LAR and CSPGs increased with the postnatal development.The relative expression of LAR was (100.00±3.20)%, (108.37±2.26)%, (113.69±2.33)%, (131.83±3.78)% and (140.11 ±4.02)% at 1 week, 3, 5, 7 and 9 weeks postnatal, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( F=31.70, P=0.001). The relative expression of LAR was increased according to the growth of age ( β=0.961, P=0.007). The relative expression of LAR was(100.00±2.96)%, (81.02±2.77)%, (71.99±3.09)% and (52.90±2.01)% in the normal control group, fluoxetine group, BFD group and fluoxetine+ BFD group, respectively, with a significantly difference among the groups ( F=18.16, P=0.015), the relative expressions of LAR protein in the fluoxetine group, BFD group and BFD+ fluoxetine group were significantly lower than that in the normal control group ( t=31.30, 36.10, 41.72; all at P<0.01). Conclusions:LAR may be involved in the regulation of visual plasticity as a specific receptor of CSPGs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872401

ABSTRACT

As a mature management method, the matrix management model has been embraced by various sectors at large. This article introduced the practice of a tertiary general hospital in combining hospital ethics with medical administration and code of conduct for medical service, leveraging the matrix management mode in hospital ethics construction. By sorting out the risk exposure in hospital ethics, the hospital identified specific responsibilities and departments involved. On such basis, eight stable matrix-based ethics working groups were established, namely hospital ethics training, hospital ethics publicity, hospital ethics interview, prevention against prescription statistics for drug rebate, patient rights protection, management of physician practice in other medical facilities, academic cooperation, and hospital ethics tour inspections. Matrix-based management meets the characteristics of hospital ethics development as it not only enables multi-department management needs, but also improves the efficiency. With the advancement and connotation enrichment of hospital ethics development, matrix management can become a regular management mode.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-58, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869592

ABSTRACT

This paper reports two cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in elderly women.Both cases underwent radical nephrectomy and were confirmed by pathology.The patients were followed up for 10 months and 18 months respectively,without recurrence or metastasis.The purpose of this study was to further understand the disease by describing its clinical data and imaging manifestations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781497

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of arsenic trioxide combined with ATRA and chemo- therapy for treatment of relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinic data of 25 patients with relapse APL treated in our hospital from 1996 to 2013 were collected and analyzed. Among the 25 patients, 15 patients suffered first-time hematological relapse (HR), and the other 10 patients showed first-time molecular relapse (MR). The patients with first-time replase were treated with ATO+ATRA+Anthracycline re-induction chemotherapy. The clinical features, complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and adverse events after re-induction therapy were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Fourteen of 15 hematological relapsed patients achieved the second-time hematological complete remission (CR2) after re-induction therapy except one patient died of bleeding complication during the re-induction. 8 of 14 patient showed molecular complete remission (CRm) after two cycles of therapy with this regimen. Totally, eleven out of the 14 HR patients were alive without disease till the last follow-up, and 3 of the 14 HR patients died because of bleeding complications. All of the 10 molecular relapsed patients received the second CRm after treated by the regimen. Among these 10 patients, 6 patients suffered only once relapse and continued with the molecular CR2 status, and for the other 4 patients with more than two-relapses, only 1 survived untill 89.3 months after achieved second-time CRm, and other 3 patients died because of bleeding complications.@*CONCLUSION@#For relapsed APL patients, the treatment with ATO+ATRA+chemotherapy regimen after relapse still shows encouraging efficacy, no matter whether or not the application of ATO in the previous regimens. In addition, patients with more than two molecular relapses show a poor prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-58, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798864

ABSTRACT

This paper reports two cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in elderly women. Both cases underwent radical nephrectomy and were confirmed by pathology. The patients were followed up for 10 months and 18 months respectively, without recurrence or metastasis. The purpose of this study was to further understand the disease by describing its clinical data and imaging manifestations.

19.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Aug; 15(4): 882-888
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213448

ABSTRACT

Objective: T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (Tim-3) has been widely recognized as a negative regulator of antitumor immunity. However, the mechanism by which Tim-3 suppresses antitumor treatment in gliomas remains unclear. This study aims to explore whether Tim-3 is expressed and to evaluate its effect in drug-fasted glioma cells. Subjects and Methods: U87 and U251 glioma cell lines were tested. Cell proliferation activity, cell viability, and the protein and mRNA levels of Tim-3 were detected using CCK-8, flow cytometry, Western blotting, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Enhancement of the sensitivity of glioma cells to chemotherapeutic agents was tested after inhibiting Tim-3 expression using Tim-3 small interfering RNAs (siRNA). Results: As temozolomide (TMZ) concentration increased, the ratio of apoptotic cells also increased accordingly. However, the level of Tim-3 expression in living cells from the high-dose group was higher than in the low- and middle-dose groups. After interfering with the expression of Tim-3 using siRNA against Tim-3, the killing effect of TMZ rose through an increase in apoptosis. Conclusions: The presence of Tim-3 mRNA and protein in glioma cells was detected. Significantly, knocking down Tim-3 expression improved the potential of TMZ treatment.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1169-1173, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818161

ABSTRACT

Objective MicroRNA-145 (miR-145) is underexpressed in breast cancer. The study aimed to explore the regulatory effect of miR-145 on breast cancer MCF-7 cells by investigating the association of miR-145 with ADAM17 and EGFR. Methods The MCF-7 breast cancer cells were divided into three groups: the transfection group (transfected with microRNA-145 mimics), the control group (without transfection) and the nonsense sequence group (transfected with nonsense microRNA). MTT, transwell and real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) were respectively used to detect the proliferative capacity, invasive ability and expression of MCF-7 breast cancer cells after the transfection of miR-145 in three groups. ADAM17 and EGFR mRNA and protein levels in three groups of breast cancer MCF-7 cells were detected by qPCR and western blot. Results The results of qPCR showed that the relative expression of miR-145 was significantly higher in transfection group (13964.33±1265.30) than those in control group (1.00±0.05) and nonsense sequence group (1.03±0.15) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01); the expression of ADAM17 mRNA in transfection group (1.71±0.08) was significantly higher than that in control group (1.00±0.07) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Compared with the nonsense sequences at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, the inhibition rate of MCF-7 in transfection group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The results of transwell invasion showed that the number of transmembrane cells in transfection group [(56.20±2.17)/field] was significantly lower than those in control group [(92.80±3.90)/field] and nonsense sequence group [(91.80±4.97)/field of view ] (P < 0.01). Western blot results showed that the protein content of ADAM17 and EGFR in transfection group was significantly lower than those in the control group and the nonsense sequence group (P<0.01). Conclusion MiR-145 inhibits the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer MCF-7 cell line by acting on the ADAM17-EGFR signaling pathway.

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