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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 418-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with t (14;19) (q32;q13) . Methods: The case data of 11 patients with CLL with t (14;19) (q32;q13) in the chromosome karyotype analysis results of the Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2018, to July 30, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: In all 11 patients, t (14;19) (q32;q13) involved IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, and most of them were accompanied by +12 or complex karyotype. An immunophenotypic score of 4-5 was found in 7 patients and 3 in 4 cases. We demonstrated that CLLs with t (14;19) (q32;q13) had a mutational pattern with recurrent mutations in NOTCH1 (3/7), FBXW7 (3/7), and KMT2D (2/7). The very-high-risk, high-risk, intermediate-risk, and low-risk groups consisted of 1, 1, 6, and 3 cases, respectively. Two patients died, 8 survived, and 2 were lost in follow-up. Four patients had disease progression or relapse during treatment. The median time to the first therapy was 1 month. Conclusion: t (14;19) (q32;q13), involving IGH::BCL3 gene rearrangement, is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality in CLL, which is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 438-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the accuracy and stability of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) algorithm in optical surface imaging (OSI) system in non-coplanar radiotherapy.Methods:Three OSI imaging systems were used to measure the phantom repeatedly at different couch rotation angles to analyze the accuracy and stability of OSI system. Seven patients with multiple brain metastases who underwent single-center non-coplanar radiotherapy were randomly selected, and the accuracy and stability of OSI for patient imaging were analyzed. Stability is defined as the difference between the two OSI measurements when the couch is turned from 0° to a non 0° angle, and then back to 0°, using the 0° cone beam CT (CBCT) as the "gold standard". Accuracy is defined as the difference between OSI and CBCT (at 0° couch angle) measurement data. The measurement data with normal distribution were described as Mean ± SD. The data with non-normal distribution were expressed as M (Q). The difference of the former data was compared by one-way ANOVA, and the difference of the latter data was assessed by Kruskal-Wallis H nonparametric test. Results:For non-coplanarity, the translation accuracy of the phantom and the patient was ≤ 1.30 mm and ≤ 1.00 mm, and the rotation accuracy was ≤ 0.50° and ≤ 0.60°, respectively. The translation errors mainly occurred in the left-right and head-foot directions. In terms of stability, the maximum standard deviation of phantom coplanar translation and rotation was 0.06 mm and 0.06°. The maximum standard deviation of patient translation and rotation was 0.17 mm and 0.19°.Conclusions:Although the new SRS algorithm improves the non-coplanar accuracy, it still cannot meet the precise requirements of non-coplanar single isocenter radiotherapy for multiple brain metastases, especially in the left-right and head-foot directions. When the couch rotation angle is large, OSI is not recommended for image-guided radiotherapy. However, its high stability can be used to monitor the intrafractional motion of patients.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1-15, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922671

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common and fastest-growing neurodegenerative disorder. In recent years, it has been recognized that neurotransmitters other than dopamine and neuronal systems outside the basal ganglia are also related to PD pathogenesis. However, little is known about whether and how the caudal zona incerta (ZIc) regulates parkinsonian motor symptoms. Here, we showed that specific glutamatergic but not GABAergic ZIc


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Neurons , Parkinson Disease , Parkinsonian Disorders , Substantia Nigra , Zona Incerta
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 433-436, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927986

ABSTRACT

The genus Rabdosia is famous for the abundance of diverse and novel ent-kaurane diterpenoids. However, only a few ent-kauranoids have been discovered from R. flexicaulis since the investigation on its chemical constituents is not systematic. To find novel bioactive diterpenoids, the ethyl acetate extract of the above ground part of R. flexicaulis in Daofu County, Sichuan Province was obtained by column chromatography. One new compound and five known ones were identified as flexicaulin E(1), forrestin B(2), inf-lexarabdonin D(3), 7α-hydroxydehydroabietic acid(4), 15-hydroxydehydroabietic acid(5), and pomiferin F(6) by spectral techniques. Compounds 1-3 were the ent-kaurane diterpenoids isolated from this species for the first time. Compounds 4-6, aromatic abie-tanoids, were isolated from the genus Rabdosia for the first time.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Isodon/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1074-1085, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927764

ABSTRACT

To investigate the cellular target selectivity of small molecules targeting thioredoxin reductase 1, we reported the construction and functional research of a stable TrxR1 gene (encode thioredoxin reductase 1) knockout HCT-116 cell line. We designed and selected TrxR1 knockout sites according to the TrxR1 gene sequence and CRISPR/Cas9 target designing principles. SgRNA oligos based on the selected TrxR1 knockout sites were obtained. Next, we constructed knockout plasmid by cloning the sgRNA into the pCasCMV-Puro-U6 vector. After transfection of the plasmid into HCT-116 cells, TrxR1 knockout HCT-116 cells were selected using puromycin resistance. The TrxR1 knockout efficiency was identified and verified by DNA sequencing, immunoblotting, TRFS-green fluorescent probe, and cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity detection. Finally, the correlation between TrxR1 expression and cellular effects of drugs specifically targeting TrxR1 was investigated by CCK-8 assay. The results demonstrated that the knockout plasmid expressing the sgRNA effectively knocked-out TrxR1 gene within HCT-116 cells, and no expression of TrxR1 protein could be observed in stable TrxR1 knockout HCT-116 (HCT116-TrxR1-KO) cells. The TrxR1-targeting inhibitor auranofin did not show any inhibitory activity against either cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity or cell proliferation. Based on these results, we conclude that a stable TrxR1 gene knockout HCT-116 cell line was obtained through CRISPR/Cas9 techniques, which may facilitate investigating the role of TrxR1 in various diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , Gene Knockout Techniques , HCT116 Cells , /metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 392-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy in the reduction and internal fixation of Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture.Methods:From January 2019 to September 2020, a total of 13 patients with Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture were admitted to Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital. They were 8 males and 5 females, with a mean age of 35.8 years (from 22 to 61 years). All fractures were reduced and fixated using TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy. Time for fracture reduction assisted by intraoperative arthroscopy, time for internal fixation assisted by TiRobotic navigation, fracture union time and complications were recorded. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score was used at the last follow-up to evaluate the functional outcomes.Results:All the operations were finished within 2 hour. The primary screw placement succeeded in all. The time for fracture reduction assisted by intraoperative arthroscopy averaged 52.8 min (from 43 to 66 min) and the time for internal fixation assisted by TiRobotic navigation 43.6 min (from 33 to 55 min). All the patients were followed up for an average 13.3 months(from 12 to 15 monhs). They obtained bony union within 3 months. One patient developed traumatic subtalar arthritis with mild pain and was treated conservatively. None of the patients had complications like incision infection or talus necrosis. The average AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was 91.0 points (from 83 to 94 points) at the last follow-up.Conclusion:In the reduction and internal fixation of Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture, TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy shows advantages of minimal invasion, accurate reduction and screw placement, and limited complications, leading to fine short-term functional outcomes.

7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 554-560, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HEK293 cell line stably overexpressing TrxR1 as a cell model for functional study of TrxR1 and screening of TrxR1-targeting drugs.@*METHODS@#TrxR1 gene was amplified by PCR and ligated with the lentivirus expression vector pLVX-Puro, which was transformed into Escherichia coli and identified by Sanger dideoxy sequencing. HEK293 cells were infected with the recombinant lentivirus vector (pLVX-Puro-TXNRD1) and screened with Puromycin for cell clones with stable TrxR1 overexpression (HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells). HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells, along with HEK293 cells infected with pLVX-Puro vector (HEK293-NC) and normal HEK293 cells, were tested for mRNA and protein expression levels of TrxR1 using RT-qPCR and Western blotting. TrxR1 enzyme activity in the cells was evaluated with insulin endpoint assay and TRFS-green probe imaging. The sensitivity of the cells to auranofin, a specific TrxR1 inhibitor, was determined with CCK8 assay.@*RESULTS@#TrxR1 gene was successfully inserted into the lentiviral vector pLVX-Puro as confirmed by DNA sequencing. The enzyme activity and mRNA and protein expression levels of TrxR1 were significantly higher in HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells than in HEK293 and HEK293-NC cells (P < 0.005). The inhibitory effects of auranofin on proliferation and cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity were significantly attenuated in HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells as compared with HEK293 and HEK293-NC cells (P < 0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained a HEK293 cell line with stable TrxR1 overexpression, which shows resistance to auranofin and can be used for screening TrxR1 targeting drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auranofin , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , HEK293 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Transfection
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 454-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878994

ABSTRACT

In this study, Honghua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection were compared for their clinical efficacy on chronic renal insufficiency by using the method of network Meta-analysis, with Western medicine as the common reference. The randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Hong-hua Injection, Danshen Injection, Shenkang Injection, Shuxuetong Injection, Lulutong Injection, Shenxiong Glucose Injection and Chuanxiong Injection for the treatment of chronic renal insufficiency were obtained by computer-based retrieval. The literature quality was evaluated by using the method in Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook 5.1 after independent screening of the included literature by two reviewers. The RJAGS package and GEMTC package of RevMan 5.3, GEMTC software, R software were used for statistical analysis to compare and sort the different injections in terms of efficacy. A total of 6 197 patients with chronic renal failure were included in 79 RCTs, involving 8 treatment measures. The effective rates of conventional treatment combined with Shenxiong Injection(OR=3.55, 95%CI[1.98, 6.37], P<0.000 1), Honghua Injection(OR=3.77, 95%CI[2.45, 5.81], P<0.000 01), Shuxuetong Injection(OR=6.71, 95%CI[3.30, 13.65], P<0.000 01) and Shenkang Injection(OR=4.14, 95%CI[3.42, 5.03], P<0.000 01) were all better than that in control group, and the effective rate of Honghua Injection combined with conventional treatment(OR=3.89, 95%CI[1.73, 8.74], P=0.001) was better than that in Danshen Injection combined with conventional treatment, all with statistically significant differences. By comprehensive comparison, Shuxuetong Injection, Honghua Injection and Shenkang Injection combined with Western medicine had good clinical effect on the effective rate, serum creatinine reduction and urea nitrogen reduction in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. However, due to the relatively low quality of the included literature, the conclusion has yet to be verified clinically.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Salvia miltiorrhiza
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 722-729, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878899

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of Dahuang Zhechong Pills combined with hepatic arterial chemoembolization(TACE) on tumor index and immune function of patients with primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type), observe its application values in treatment of such patients, and provide effective treatment means for this disease. From June 2019 to December 2019, 79 patients with confirmed primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type) treated in Wenzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were included in this study, all of which were grouped with random number table method before inclusion in this study. 40 patients in the control group were treated with TACE, while 39 patients in the observation group were treated with Dahuang Zhechong Pills combined with TACE. The efficacy was compared between two groups after 4 weeks of treatment. The immune function indexes of serum CD4~+ cells, CD4~+/CD8~+, CD3~+ cells of the observation group were higher than those in control group after treatment(P<0.05), and tumor indexes such as serum alpha-fetoprotein(AFP), carbohydrate antigen 199(CA199) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(ALT), total bilirubin(TBiL) levels were lower than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), and matrix metalloprotei-nase-2(MMP-2) levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment, with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 87.18%, higher than 67.50% in the control group, and the benefit rate was 94.87% in the observation group, higher than 85.00% in the control group(P<0.05). The total incidence of adverse reactions such as bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal reaction, fever, renal function injury and peripheral nerve injury in the observation group was 48.72%, lower than 82.50% in the control group, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05). In summary, the combination of Dahuang Zhechong Pills with TACE could improve immunity, protect liver function, and reduce the risk of metastasis and the incidence of adverse reactions from chemotherapy, so it is worth popularizing for patients with primary liver cancer(blood stasis and collaterals blocking type).


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1876-1881, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and imaging features of influenza associated encephalopathy(IAE) in children, thus contributing to enhance the efficacy of early identification, timely treatment and prognosis.Methods:Clinical data, laboratory examination, imaging data, treatment and outcomes of 40 children with IAE diagnosed and treated in the Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2016 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical features were summarized and they were further classified according to clinical imaging features.The prognosis was compared and analyzed.Results:A total of 20 boys and 20 girls were recruited, with the age of attending hospital at (4.0±2.3) years (median, 3.2 years). There were 28 children with influenza A and 12 with influenza B. All children initially had fever, and the interval between fever and symptoms of neurological onset was 24 hours (0-120 hours). The most-common symptom of neurological onset was seizures(32 cases), among which 17 patients showed continuous seizures.All children presented encephalopathy at varying degrees, including 33 cases in coma and 7 in drowsiness or cognitive decline.Thirty cases developed central respiratory failure and received mechanical ventilation.Examination results showed 30 cases had elevated aspartate transaminase (AST), 18 cases had elevated alanine transaminase (ALT), 14 cases had elevated creatinine, 31 cases had elevated lactate dehydrogenase, 16 cases had elevated blood glucose and 1 case had significantly lowered blood glucose.Blood ammonia testing was performed in 38 children and 9 cases had elevated level.The whole exon sequencing in 6 cases showed de novo heterozygous mutation of the SCN1A gene in 1 case, and heterozygous mutation of the ATP1A2 gene inherited from the mother in another case.Lumbar puncture was performed in 35 cases, and all of them had a normal range of cerebrospinal fluid leukocyte counts, while 12 cases had elevated cerebrospinal fluid proteins.Abnormal image findings were examined in 33 cases and the acute necrotizing encephalopathy was the most common one (14 cases). All children received Peramivir or Oseltamivir after admission.A total of 28 cases were treated with glucocorticoids, and 29 cases were treated with immunoglobulin.Seventeen cases died, 9 cases had disability at varying degrees, and 14 cases recovered to the baseline.Patients were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group.(1) Patients in good prognosis group presented significantly shorter interval between fever and first neurological symptoms[(22.7±12.2) h vs.(38.6± 30.9) h], higher Glasgow score on admission[(7.6±2.5) points vs.(4.5 ± 1.6) points], lower ALT [15.6 (9.0-1 631.5) U/L vs.140.2 (12.3-3 232.4) U/L] and lower AST [47.6 (25.4-1 721.3) U/L vs.251.8 (21.7-4 991.6) U/L] than those in poor prognosis group (all P<0.05). (2) Glucocorticoids were applied to 17 and 11 cases in good prognosis group and poor prognosis group, while immunoglobulins were applied to 17 and 12 cases, respectively ( P>0.05). (3) Patients were further classified into cytokine storm group, excitotoxicity group and unclassifiable group according to clinical imaging findings.The Glasgow score [ (4.6±1.7) points vs.(7.6±2.2) point vs.(7.3±2.8) points] and median modified Rankin Scale score (6.0 points vs.1.5 points vs.0) were significantly different among 3 groups (all P<0.01). Conclusions:Influenza associated encephalopathy is common in infants and young children.Fever, convulsions and rapidly progressing disturbance of consciousness are the most common clinical manifestations.Acute necrotizing encephalopathy is the most common subtype of clinical imaging syndrome.Acute onset and rapid progression predict the poor prognosis of influenza associated encephalopathy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 93-97, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical efficacy of orthopedics No.1 prescription combined with celecoxib in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with middle stage of cold-dampness syndrome and investigate its effect on serum cytokines levels. Method:The 72 patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 36 cases each. Patients in both groups were given basic treatment with oral celecoxib capsules (0.2 g/ time, 1 time/day). On the basis of western medicine treatment, patients in observation group were treated with orthopedics No.1 prescription decoction-free granules by fumigation, 1 bag/time, 1 time/day, 5 times/week. Both groups received treatment for 4 weeks. The visual analog pain score (VAS), American knee society knee score (KSS), serum interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>), and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1 </sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) levels were observed before and after treatment, and their clinical efficacy was evaluated. Result:After treatment, VAS score significantly decreased in both groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and KSS score significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with better clinical effect in observation group. After treatment, serum IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α</italic> levels decreased significantly in both groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels in observation group were lower than those in control group after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05). TGF<italic>-β</italic><sub>1 </sub>content was significantly higher than that before treatment in two groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Orthopedics No.1 prescription combined with celecoxib for the treatment of KOA with middle stage of cold-dampness syndrome can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms of patients with KOA, improve joint function, improve quality of life, reduce the contents of inflammatory factors IL-1<italic>β</italic> and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in serum, and increase the expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> level.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 328-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884050

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this study, a simple and easy diagnostic index of sarcopenia based on computed tomography (CT) images, linear skeletal muscle index (LSMI), was proposed and its diagnostic efficiency was verified.Methods:From April 2013 to September 2017, patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices were selected from the Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. The SMI of the third lumbar lower than 50 cm 2/m 2 in male and 39 cm 2/m 2 in female was defined as sarcopenia. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of LSMI in patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices. Results:A total of 115 patients with cirrhotic gastroesophageal varices were finally recruited. All participants were randomly divided into modeling group ( n=58) and validation group ( n=57). In the modeling group, the area under the ROC curve of LSMI was 0.913(95% CI:0.84-0.986, P<0.001) in total population, 0.895(95% CI:0.793-0.997, P<0.001) in male and 0.917(95% CI:0.782-1.000, P<0.008) in female. The cut-off value of LSMI was 24.114 cm 2/m 2 in male and 22.54 cm 2/m 2 in female. According to the diagnostic cut-off value of the modeling group, the area under the ROC curve of LSMI was 0.846(95% CI:0.737-0.954, P<0.001) in the validation group. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden index were 88.5%, 80.6%, 79.3%, 89.3% and 0.691, respectively. Conclusions:48.7% of patients with cirrhosis of esophageal and gastric varices have sarcopenia. LSMI is a simple and convenient method for diagnosis of sarcopenia in patients with liver cirrhosis.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 878-882, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement using a new self-guided pedicle tap.@*METHODS@#According to the anatomical characteristics of the pedicle, a new self-guided pedicle tap was developed. Six adult spinal specimens including 4 males and 2 females were selected and tapped thread on the right and left sides of each pair of pedicles from the same segment T to L with traditional taps (control group) and new self-guided pedicle taps (experimental group), respectively. And the pedicle screws were placed. The screwing time was recorded and compared between two groups. CT scanning was completed to observe the accuracy and safety of the screw placement according to the Heary classification of imaging results.@*RESULTS@#The screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in the experimental group were (5.87±1.25) min and(5.45±1.67) min, respectively. While those in the control group were (6.12±1.69) min and (6.22±2.13) min, respectively. Then there was no significant difference in screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae between two groups (>0.05). The Heary grade of the pedicle screw showed that Heary gradeⅠand Heary gradeⅠ+Ⅱwere respectively 86 (84.31%) and 96 (94.12%) in the experimental group, 72 (71.29%) and 84 (83.17%) in control group, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The new self-guided pedicle tap can accurately and safely insert the thoracolumbar pedicle screw, with low cost, easy operation, and good clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Feasibility Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 23-29, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To predict the efficacy of endoscopic tissue adhesives in the treatment of gastric varices in patients with liver cirrhosis by Nomogram model.@*Methods@#From August 2014 to September 2017, 158 patients with liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric variceal bleeding and received endoscopic tissue adhesives treatment at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were collected. All patients were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome was rebleeding. The factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of esophagogastric varices were analyzed. Nomogram prognostic model was developed and compared with Child-Pugh grading, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in prognostic accuracy in rebleeding after endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric varices. Univariate and multivaricate Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#During the follow-up, rebleading occurred in 18 cases (11.4%), 37 cases (23.4%) and 49 cases (31.0%) at 2, 6, and 12 months after endoscopic treatment. The results of univariate Cox regression analysis showed the risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices included gender, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence vs. absence) HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), extensive portal embolism, esophageal varices, type 2 gastric varices, injection points of tissue adhesive (≤3 points vs. > 3 points), injection volume of tissue adhesive (≤ 3 mL vs. > 3 mL) (hazard ratio (HR)=0.575, 2.018, 1.562, 3.433, 2.945, 1.859, 2.743, 0.324, 1.840, 1.477, and 1.716; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.305 to 1.084, 0.902 to 4.514, 1.753 to 6.724, 1.663 to 5.217, 1.012 to 3.415, 0.852 to 8.830, 0.079 to 1.335, 1.012 to 3.317, 0.839 to 2.602, and 0.935 to 3.152; all P<0.2). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels by CTA, and HVPG (HR = 2.095, 95% CI 1.099 to 3.995, P = 0.025) were all independent risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices (HR=2.665, 2.886, and 2.095; 95% CI 1.339 to 5.300, 1.580 to 5.271, and 1.099 to 3.995; all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence or absent) and HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg) could effectively predict cumulative non-rebleeding rate in one year after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Receiver operataring characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the predictive value of the model combined with Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels on CTA and HVPG was higher than that of Child-Pugh grade and HVPG (AUC=0.746, 0.673 and 0.585; 95% CI 0.662 to 0.829, 0.583 to 0.762, and 0.486 to 0.683; P<0.01, P=0.001 and P=0.089, respectively). Patients were divided into low, medium, and high-risk groups according to the 25th and 75th percentiles of the Nomogram score. The results showed that Nomogram model could effectively distinguish high-risk groups of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#Extraluminal vessels on CTA, HVPG and Child-Pugh grade are independent prognostic evaluation indexes of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices. The predictive accuracy of Nomogram model based on these three prognostic factors may be better than Child-Pugh grade and HVPG.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 23-29, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the efficacy of endoscopic tissue adhesives in the treatment of gastric varices in patients with liver cirrhosis by Nomogram model.Methods:From August 2014 to September 2017, 158 patients with liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric variceal bleeding and received endoscopic tissue adhesives treatment at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were collected. All patients were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome was rebleeding. The factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of esophagogastric varices were analyzed. Nomogram prognostic model was developed and compared with Child-Pugh grading, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in prognostic accuracy in rebleeding after endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric varices. Univariate and multivaricate Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were performed for statistical analysis.Results:During the follow-up, rebleading occurred in 18 cases (11.4%), 37 cases (23.4%) and 49 cases (31.0%) at 2, 6, and 12 months after endoscopic treatment. The results of univariate Cox regression analysis showed the risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices included gender, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence vs. absence) HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), extensive portal embolism, esophageal varices, type 2 gastric varices, injection points of tissue adhesive (≤3 points vs. > 3 points), injection volume of tissue adhesive (≤ 3 mL vs. > 3 mL) (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.575, 2.018, 1.562, 3.433, 2.945, 1.859, 2.743, 0.324, 1.840, 1.477, and 1.716; 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.305 to 1.084, 0.902 to 4.514, 1.753 to 6.724, 1.663 to 5.217, 1.012 to 3.415, 0.852 to 8.830, 0.079 to 1.335, 1.012 to 3.317, 0.839 to 2.602, and 0.935 to 3.152; all P<0.2). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels by CTA, and HVPG ( HR = 2.095, 95% CI 1.099 to 3.995, P = 0.025) were all independent risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices ( HR=2.665, 2.886, and 2.095; 95% CI 1.339 to 5.300, 1.580 to 5.271, and 1.099 to 3.995; all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence or absent) and HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg) could effectively predict cumulative non-rebleeding rate in one year after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Receiver operataring characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the predictive value of the model combined with Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels on CTA and HVPG was higher than that of Child-Pugh grade and HVPG (AUC=0.746, 0.673 and 0.585; 95% CI 0.662 to 0.829, 0.583 to 0.762, and 0.486 to 0.683; P<0.01, P=0.001 and P=0.089, respectively). Patients were divided into low, medium, and high-risk groups according to the 25th and 75th percentiles of the Nomogram score. The results showed that Nomogram model could effectively distinguish high-risk groups of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the difference was statistically significant ( P <0.01). Conclusions:Extraluminal vessels on CTA, HVPG and Child-Pugh grade are independent prognostic evaluation indexes of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices. The predictive accuracy of Nomogram model based on these three prognostic factors may be better than Child-Pugh grade and HVPG.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 598-601, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with scene simulation in the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) teaching of standardized training of general practitioner, and explore a high-quality teaching method that will help students develop their clinical thinking and practical skills.Methods:Forty students of the Grade 2018 general practitioner training program in Yixing Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University were randomly divided into experimental group ( n=20) given PBL combined with scene simulation teaching method and control group ( n=20) given traditional teaching method. The pre-class preparation, classroom discussions, actual combat simulations, and analysis and summary were conducted in the experimental group (4-hour CPR training), while classroom teaching, teaching rounds, analysis and discussion, skills training were conducted in the control group (4-hour CPR training). Furthermore, both groups received the same theoretical test, skill assessment, and questionnaires. t-test or chis-quare test was performed for comparison between the two groups using SPSS 18.0. Results:The average score of theoretical test in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(87.5±4.3) vs. (81.2±4.7), P<0.05]; the average score of the skill assessment in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(91.0±1.5) vs. (83.1±1.8), P<0.05]. The questionnaire survey showed more students of the experimental group who reported greater improvement in their abilities than those of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:PBL combined with scene simulation teaching method can effectively improve the quality of CPR teaching for standardized training of general practitioners, help students improve clinical thinking and comprehensive processing capabilities.

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Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1858-1861, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803365

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the clinical manifestations of central nerve system inflammatory demyelinating disease associated with anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-IDD) in children, and to explore the clinical characteristics of the children.@*Methods@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients diagnosed in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, from October 2016 to August 2018 were described, and the clinical data of the patients with unipolar and recurrent diseases were compared.@*Results@#A total of 50 patients were included, among whom the ratio of male to female was 24:26, and the average age of onset was (6.7±3.1) years old (0.4-12.6 years old). There was no significant difference in the age of onset between boys and girls(t=0.712, P=0.480). The main symptoms included fever (31/50 cases), encephalopathy (26/50 cases) and optic neuritis (22/50 cases), etc.In the last follow-up, 26 patients (52.0%) had a monophasic course and 24 patients (48.0%) had a recurrent course.There were age differences in encephalopathy and ataxia in the first episode of [(5.7±2.8) years old vs.(8.1±3.0) years old, (5.0±2.5) years old vs. (7.7±3.0) years old](t=2.746, P=0.009; t=2.837, P=0.007). The average number of recurrence was (2.1±1.4) times (1-7 times), in which 17 cases (70.8%) of recurrence presented within 12 months and 20 cases (83.3%) of recurrence presented within 24 months after onset.Convulsion incidences of recurrent cases were 10 cases and 13 cases respectively in the first episode and recurrent courses, which were significantly higher than those of monophasic cases (4 cases, 4 cases)(χ2=7.912, P=0.005; χ2=8.365, P=0.004). All patients were sensitive to first-line immunotherapy.Seven patients with recu-rrence were treated with mycophenolatemofetil, and 17 patients with repeated first-line therapy.In the last follow-up, all patients were in remission and 2 patients had mild neurological dysfunction.@*Conclusions@#MOG-IDD can occur in childhood.Encephalopathy and optic neuritis are the most common symptoms.Encephalopathy and ataxia are more common in young children.Convulsions may indicate the course of recurrence.

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Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796974

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the genetic screening methods for cryptic acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) to further explore its clinical prognosis.@*Methods@#From June 2016 to November 2018, we collected 373 newly diagnosed APL cases. The patients were retrospected by the results of PML-RARα detections both by RT-PCR and i-FISH, those who harbored positive PML-RARα detection by RT-PCR and negative by i-FISH were chosen. Metaphase FISH and Sanger sequencing were further performed to verify these results.@*Results@#A total of 7 cryptic APL cases were discovered. These cases had tiny fragment of RARα inserted into PML in chromosome 15, formed ins (15;17) . The 7 cryptic APL cases had no PML-RARα gene subtype specificity, involving 5 cases in L subtype, 1 case in S subtype and 1 case in V subtype respectively. After the treatment of retinoic acid and arsenic or anthracyclines, 6 cases achieved complete remission, 1 case died of intracranial hemorrhage on the 6th day of therapy.@*Conclusion@#The size and covering position of PML-RARα probe should be taken into account when PML-RARα was performed by FISH on APL patients. Furthermore, combination with Metaphase FISH could improve the recognition of cryptic APL. There were no differences between the cryptic and common APL patients in terms of clinical features and treatment choices. Cryptic APL patients also had a good response to the therapy of retinoic acid and arsenic or anthracyclines.

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 624-629, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effects and bone cement distribution of unilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) with oriented bone cement injector for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 211 patients (211 vertebrae) with thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures underwent PKP between July 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All punctures were performed unilaterally:102 patients in observation group used oriented bone cement injector including 30 males and 72 females with an average age of (68.4±8.9)years old; 109 patients in regular group used traditional bone cement injector including 32 males and 77 females with an average age of (70.4±9.2) years old. The two groups were compared in terms of duration of operation, cement volume, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), distribution of bone cement, bone cement leakage and Cobb angle modified rate.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant difference in gender, age and fracture vertebra between the two groups(>0.05). No significant difference was found between two groups in duration of operation, cement volume, VAS, ODI and Cobb angle(>0.05). In observation group, 10 cases occurred cement leakages, with leakage rate of 9.80%; and in regular group, 11 cases occurred cement leakage, with leakage rate of 10.09%. There was no significant difference in the cement leakage rate between two groups(>0.05). In observation group, proportion rate of I-IV degree in cement distribution was 60.78%, 19.61%, 9.80%, 9.80%, respectively; while 39.45%, 22.93%, 22.93%, 14.68% in regular group. The I degree of cement cross-filling rate was better in observation group than in regular group(0.05). From T10 to L₅, I degree bone cement distribution rate of both groups showed decline trend. The I degree cement cross-filling rate in L₁-L₅ was 50% in observation group and 30.23% in regular group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Oriented bone cement injector can control the direction of bone cement dispersion and achieve effective distribution of bilateral bone cement using unilateral puncture and satisfactory surgical results. It is feasible and effective for unilateral PKP treatment of OVCFs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Kyphoplasty , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2607-2615, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773219

ABSTRACT

To analyze the academic characteristics and medication rules of traditional Chinese medical master Liu Zu-yi for treating insomnia. Totally 178 cases of insomnia treated by Professor Liu were collected,and the treatment data were input into traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system( TCMISS) by using data mining methods,such as essential information,frequency statistics of symptoms,syndrome type statistics,extraction of syndrome elements,frequency statistics of drugs; and four properties and five tastes of drugs,distribution of meridians,regularity of prescriptions,new prescription analysis were mined. It was found that the most commonly used drugs( over 100 times) were Albiziae Cortex,Longgu,Polygoni Multiflori Caulis,Ostreae Concha,Ziziphi Spinosae Semen,Crataegi Fructus; the commonly used couplet medicines were Longgu-Ostreae Concha,Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Polygoni Multiflori Caulis,Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Albiziae Cortex-Polygoni Multiflori Caulis; and seven new prescriptions in treating insomnia were explored,such as prescriptions containing Hordei Fructus Germinatus,Ziziphi Spinosae Semen,Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum,Rehmanniae Radix,Lilii Bulbus. Based on the introduction and discussion of Professor Liu's academic views and characteristics on insomnia treatment and the illustrative evidences added to the typical case list,this paper combines the academic characteristics,data support and typical medical records to verify each other,and objectively summarizes his academic experience for treating insomnia. Treatment shall focus on the primary cause of disease in three aspects; syndrome differentiation shall distinguish between excessive disease and deficient disease; therapy shall reinforce deficiency and reduce diarrhea,regulate the five internal organs,and emphasizes the heart and liver,particularly the liver; medication shall focus on the drugs for calming the mind and protecting the stomach and spleen,which are commonly combined with three types of traditional Chinese medicine with effect in introducing Yangqi( Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum,Prunellae Spica,Polygoni Multiflori Caulis) and restraining Yangqi( Longgu,Ostreae Concha,Ziziphi Spinosae Semen); nursing care focuses on preserving the body and tranquilizing the mind by means of three methods for tranquilizing the mind and three methods for preserving the body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Meridians , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Drug Therapy
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