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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 927-933, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922177

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a maligmancy with high morbidity and mortality. Bone metastasis is the main cause of short survival time and difficulties in the treatment and prevention of PCa. Previous findings of our team showed 155 bone-specific genes highly expressed in bone metastatic PC3 cells, which is considered to be the key to their adaptation to the bone micro-environment, proliferation and formation of metastatic tumor, and extensively exists in cancer metastasis in multiple systems. This review summarizes the published literature on the highly expressed bone-specific genes, focusing on the roles and values of these genes in the metastasis, progression, clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of PCa, offering a prospect of the direction and targets in the studies of PCa bone metastasis so as to enrich the bone metastatic theories and clinical treatment principles of this disease in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , PC-3 Cells , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 686-689, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689730

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To search for an optimal method of entering the seminal vesiculoscope based on the distribution of ejaculatory duct openings.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six patients with refractory hemospermia underwent seminal vesiculoscopy in our hospital from July 2014 to December 2016. We observed the positions of the ejaculatory duct openings under the seminal vesiculoscope, analyzed their distribution, and explored the optimal methods of entering the seminal vesiculoscope according to the success rate of operation, experience of the operators, video data and operation records.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the distribution of the positions, the ejaculatory duct openings of the patients were classified into types Ⅰ (the included angle between the medial area of the prostatic utricle edge tangent and the inferior utricle region ≤45°), Ⅱ (the included angle between the lateral area of the prostatic utricle edge tangent and the inferior utricle region >45°), and Ⅲ (the ejaculatory duct opening abnormal or located in the prostatic utricle), which accounted for 42.9% (24/56), 48.2% (27/56) and 8.9% (5/56), respectively. The success rate of entering the vesiculoscope through the natural passage was 83.3% for type Ⅰ and 29.6% for type Ⅱ openings. A bypass method was used for all the 5 cases of type Ⅲ by making a blunt puncture through the lateral wall of the prostatic utricle. Follow-up was completed in 54 of the patients, of whom 52 (96.3%) showed disappearance or significant improvement of the hemospermia symptoms at 1-3 months postoperatively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Type Ⅱ ejaculatory duct openings are the most commonly seen clinically, and then come types Ⅰ and Ⅲ. For patients with type Ⅰ ejaculatory duct openings, the best way of entering the seminal vesiculoscope was through the natural passage, while for those with types Ⅱ and Ⅲ, the bypass method is recommended.</p>

3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 370-377, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297721

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Qingrelishi-category Chinese medicine (for dispelling heat and resolving dampness) in the treatment of chronic prostatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized clinical trials or controlled clinical trials comparing Qingrelishi with plant america, other herbal medicine and Western medicine in the treatment of chronic prostatitis were identified by electronic and manual retrieval and analysis. The methodological quality of the included trials was assessed and Meta-analysis was performed with Revman 4. 2 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-four randomized clinical trials or controlled clinical trials (n=5746) were identified. The methodological quality ranked high in three double-blind trials and the others ranked low. Meta-analysis indicated that Qingrelishi was more effective than Nankangpian( RR 1.22, 95% CI 1.10-1.35) and Prostate( RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.13-1.41) in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. Subgroup analysis revealed that Qingrelishi was more effective than Qianliekang (RR 1.32, 95% CI 1.19-1.45) and quinolones antibiotic (RR 1.34, 95% CI 1.15-1.57). There were no significant differences in efficacy either between Qingrelishi and a-receptor blocker and Puleanpian or between Qingrelishi plus quinolone antibiotics and quinolone antibiotics alone. Eighteen articles reported side effects and no serious adverse events were reported.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qingrelishi may be effective in the treatment of chronic prostatitis. However, the evidence is not strong due to the generally low methodological quality and the variations of the herbs. More randomized clinical trials are required.</p>


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Databases, Bibliographic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Phytotherapy , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 925-929, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339392

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of erectile dysfunction (ED) in rat models with chronic renal failure (CRF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chronic renal failure was induced by adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, which were subjected to an excisional 5/6 nephrectomy. The rats in NCRF group and CRF group were divided into three groups randomly. Injected with apomorphine(APO, 80 microg/kg), penile erections of three groups were observed and noted by the 2nd week, 4th week respectively and 6th week from the 14th day of 5/6 nephrectomy and experimental models of ED with CRF were selected; NOS activity was examined and the microstructures of penile were observed under optical microscope with computer configuration image analysis system in selected rat models.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the controls, the areas of smooth muscle and NOS activity in the penile cavernous tissue of ED rats with CRF decreased significantly (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) , and collagen fibers slightly increased, and these alterations had close correlations with the duration of CRF. The</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Penile erection is seriously affected in rats with CRF. The decreases of areas of blood sinus had no obvious changes. the number of smooth muscles and NOS activity might be the most important factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Erectile Dysfunction , Pathology , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Pathology , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Diagnostic Imaging , Nephrectomy , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Penis , Diagnostic Imaging , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ultrasonography
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 413-418, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323347

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study angiogenesis and regulatory factors in the proliferated prostatic tissues of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with BPH induced by testosterone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen castrated SD rats, aged 8 weeks and weighing 200 approximately 250 g, were equally randomized into a model group and a control group, and the BPH model was established by subcutaneous injection of testosterone. Immunohistochemistry and MIAS (micro-image analysis system) were used to test the manifestations of MVD (microvessel density), VEGF (vascular endothelium growth factor), flk-1, endostatin, MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase-2) and TIMP-2 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2) in the prostatic tissues of both the model and the control groups. Multiple linear regression with the stepwise method was adopted to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The manifestations of MVD, VEGF, flk-1, MMP-2, MMP-2/TIMP-2 and VEGF/endostatin in the model group were higher, while that of endostatin was lower than in the control group (P < 0.01), and the manifestation of TIMP-2 showed no statistical difference between the two groups. The regression analysis indicated that MVD was positively correlated to VEGF, VEGF/endostatin and MMP-2/TIMP-2 (r = 0.974, 0.986, 0.982, P < 0.05) and negatively correlated to endostatin (r = - 0.975, P < 0.05) .</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testosterone could induce BPH in SD rats by increasing MVD and promoting the multiplication of vascular endothelial cells after regradation of basement membrane.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Endostatins , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Metabolism , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 190-193, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate prostatic histomorphological changes of rat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) models.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After castrated, SD rats were injected subcutaneously testosterone propionate to induce the BPH. Water substitution method was used to measure prostatic volumes. Prostatic tissue were stained by hemoloxylin and eosin, the morphometric changes of glandular and interstitial tissues were semi-quantified by image analysis system. Multiple linear regression was adopted to analyze the results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In comparison with normal group, prostatic volumes were significantly enlarged (P < 0.01) with glands expanded and interstitial tissues increased in BPH model. Glandular average diameters, volumes and surface areas in unit volume, as well as glandular circumferences and glandular relative total volumes were all significantly increased (P < 0.01). Glandular counts, density, ratio of glandular surface area to volume. And glandular average curvature were all declined (P < 0.05-0.01), so was interstitial circumference (P < 0.01). But volume density had no changes, and relative total interstitial volumes were obviously increased. Prostatic volume was significantly correlated with glandular relative total volume (r = 0.989, P < 0.001) and interstitial relative total volume(r = 0.789, P < 0.001). Prostatic volume was also correlated significantly with glandular average volume(r = 0.789, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Action of androgen on rat prostate may mainly lie in glandular epithelial hyperplasia, which manifests enlargement of glandular lumen accompanied by hyperplasia of interstitial tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Castration , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Male , Models, Animal , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Pathology , Rats , Testosterone
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