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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5410-5418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008739


Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata polysaccharides(AP) are a class of bioactive macromolecules extracted from the herbs of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and its various processed products. Since the AP was first separated in 1986, its pharmacological effects include immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-depression, organ protection, hypoglycemia, and anti-inflammatory had been found. In recent years, with the development of polysaccharide extraction, separation, and structure identification technologies, more than 20 kinds of AP have been separated from Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and its processed products, and they have ob-vious differences in relative molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, glycosidic bond, structural characteristics, and biological activities. In particular, AP may be dissolved, degraded, or allosteric under the complex processing environment of fermentation, soaking, cooking, etc., leading to the diversified structure of AP, which provides a possibility for further understanding of the structure-activity relationship of AP. Therefore, this study systematically reviewed the research progress on the structure and structure-activity relationship of AP, summarized the biological activity and potential action mechanism of AP, and discussed the technical challenges in the development and application of AP, so as to promote the quality control and further development and utilization of AP.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Aconitum/chemistry , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Technology
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 171-179, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906438


Objective:To provide a scientific basis for the classification of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades. Method:A total of 30 batches of Phyllanthi Fructus currently available in the market were collected for quantification based on such appearance indexes as diameter, thickness, grain weight, and crust colour (<italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values). The contents of gallic acid, corilagin, chebulagic acid, and ellagic acid were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), followed by descriptive statistical analysis (DSA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), and principal component analysis (PCA) to determine the importance of each main index and explore the correlations between the appearance indexes and internal components. The classification standard of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades was formulated, and its scientificity was verified in hepatocelular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Result:The correlation analysis revealed that the crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values were significantly negatively correlated with corilagin, chebulagic acid, and ellagic acid (<italic>|r|</italic>>0.5, <italic>P</italic><0.01), but irrelevant to gallic acid (<italic>|r|</italic><0.1). Considering the variable coefficient of each index, PCA results, and the requirement of gallic acid as quality indicator for Phyllanthi Fructus in <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>, the crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values and gallic acid content were determined to be the classification indexes. The K-means cluster analysis confirmed that products with crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup><44, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup><7, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup><10 and gallic acid content >1.6% could be classified into the first class, and those failing to meet the above requirements into the second class. The cell experiment demonstrated that the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>) of the first-class product against hepatocelular carcinoma HepG2 cells was lower than that of the second-class product. A colourimetric card was developed based on crust colour <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup>, and <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup> values to provide a visual tool for on-site evaluation of Phyllanthi Fructus products. Conclusion:This study has initially established the classification standard of Phyllanthi Fructus product grades, which contributes to guiding price negotiation of Phyllanthi Fructus products based on quality grade and thus ensuring high quality and high price.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 131-140, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771506


In this study,transcriptomics technique was used to investigate the mechanism of action of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata on acute heart failure rats induced by propafenone hydrochloride.First,rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group and administration group(1.25,2.5,5 g·kg-1).A rat with acute heart failure was constructed by intravenous femoral administration of proparone hydrochloride.The changes of heart rate,+dp/dtmaxand-dp/dtmaxat 5,10,20,30 and 60 min were recorded.Then another group of rats were given the same drug delivery method.In another group of animals,serum TNF-α could be determined by ELISA with the same dosage method.High-throughput sequencing technology was used to detect all gene expression differences in cardiac tissue samples of rats with acute heart failure.Through functional annotation and enrichment analysis,gene expression signaling pathways of rats with acute heart failure and rats with post-administration heart failure were screened out.The results showed that heart rate and LV+dp/dtmaxand LV-dp/dtmaxwere significantly decreased in the model group(P<0.05),while heart rate and LV+dp/dtmax and LV-dp/dtmaxwere significantly increased in the drug group(P<0.05,P<0.01).Moreover,ANP,BNP and TNF-α in acute heart failure rats was significantly decreased in high-dose aconite decoction group(P<0.05).Transcriptomics analysis showed that the mechanism of action was mainly related to activation of PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway and Jak-STAT pathway.Compared with the model group,aconite decoction up-regulated the expression of phosphatidylinostol 3-kinase(PI3 K),lysophosphatidic acid(LAP3),Bcl-3 and STAT genes,and down-regulated the expression of integrin(ITGA),nuclear orphan receptor(Nur77) genes.It could be concluded that the mechanism of aconite in treating acute heart failure rats may be related to the regulation of the PI3 k-Akt/Jak-STAT pathway.

Animals , Rats , Aconitum , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart , Heart Failure , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Myocardium , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Signal Transduction , Transcriptome
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3602-3608, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307114


An MSAP analysis method was established for detecting DNA methylation of Aconitum carmichaeli leaves, and the DNA methylation of different leaf shapes and different leaf position was analyzed by MSAP. The study made experiments on the leaves of different position of mosaic and moxa leaf type A. carmichaeli, researched the effects of restriction digestion of genomic DNA by using two restriction enzymes, screened the suitable selective amplification primers, and analyzed the methylation differences of leaves by calculating the 6% acrylamide gel electrophoresis bands and lane. The best reaction system of MSAP was obtained, under the conditions of 37 ℃, the 16 h incubated time was more suitable for 150 ng DNA, and 25 pairs of selective amplification primers were selected from 256 pairs. Totally, 273 electrophoresis bands were obtained by 25 pairs of selective primers, including 228 non methylation or single chain methylation bands,27 double chain methylation bands,and 18 single stranded methylation bands, the total methylation rate was 16.48%. The methylation rate was slightly different in mosaic and moxa leaf type A. carmichaeli leaf, which were 15.36%, 14.34%, respectively, and article 8, article 6 nucleotide fragments of genome methylation modification differences were obtained, accounted for 3%, 2.26% of the total number of bands. Based on this study it can provide new ideas for molecular identification, breeding and cultivation, and genetic evolution of A. carmichaeli.