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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was undertaken to assess the appropriateness of transfer of patients from a long-term care hospital to the emergency department (ED). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective study in a Wide Regional Emergency Center in Gyeongsangnam-do between January 2019 and December 2019. The patients were divided into groups (direct visit, transferred from other hospitals, and transferred from long-term care hospitals [LTCHs]). The baseline characteristics, Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS), vital signs, length of stay, ED disposition, cost, clinical outcome, and instances of application of the “Act on decisions on life-sustaining treatment” were collected. @*Results@#A total of 30,142 patients were enrolled during the study period. Twenty-one thousand, nine hundred and sixty-five patients were in the direct visit group, 7,057 patients were transferred from other hospitals, and 1,120 patients were transferred from LTCHs. Hospital admission was higher in cases of transfer from other hospitals and LTCHs (LTCHs, 63.8%; transferred from other hospitals, 64.1%, direct visit, 30.1%; P<0.001). Re-transfer and mortality in the ED were much higher (re-transfer: LTCHs, 11.0%; transferred from other hospitals 3.8%, direct visit 1.9%; P<0.001 and mortality in ED: 2.9%, 0.8%, 1.4%; respectively P<0.001). In the LCTH group after admission, mortality was higher (mortality: 16.2%, 5.4%, 7.1% for LTCH transfers and direct respectively; P<0.001). The implementation rate of the “Act on decisions on life-sustaining treatment”, the well-dying law, was higher in the LTCHs (26.6%, 12.5%, and 11.4% LTCH transfers, and direct respectively; P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#In the LTCH group, re-transfer, mortality, and the implementation rate of the “Act on decisions on life-sustaining treatment” were higher than in the other groups.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 176-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925423

ABSTRACT

Small intestinal malignant tumor accounts for about 3% of all malignant tumors in the gastrointestinal tract, among which 13% are leiomyosarcoma (LMS). In addition, epithelioid LMS is of very rare occurrence. As small intestinal malignant tumors are initially asymptomatic and nonspecific, diagnosis is often delayed, and this can lead to large tumor at the time of detection and lead to intussusception. We observed ileocolonic intussusception in an 80-year-old male patient who was admitted to the hospital with a complaint of abdominal pain and palpable mass on right lower quadrant. The laparoscopic ileocecectomy was performed by the emergency operation because of obstruction. The pathologic examination revealed that the epithelioid LMS developed in the terminal ileum was the leading point of intussusception. To the best of our knowledge, laparoscopic surgery for ileocolonic intussusception with epithelioid LMS has not yet been reported.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897452

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who have undergone gastrectomy have unique symptoms that are not appropriately assessed using currently available tools. This study developed and validated a symptom-focused quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients who have received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods Based on a literature review, patient interviews, and expert consultation by the KOrean QUality of life in Stomach cancer patients Study group (KOQUSS), the initial item pool was developed. Two large-scale developmental studies were then sequentially conducted for exploratory factor analyses for content validity and item reduction. The final item pool was validated in a separate cohort of patients and assessed for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and clinical validity. @*Results@#The initial questionnaire consisted of 46-items in 12 domains. Data from 465 patients at 11 institutions, followed by 499 patients at 13 institutions, were used to conduct item reduction and exploratory factor analyses. The final questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) comprised 40 items within 11 domains. Validation of KOQUSS-40 was conducted on 413 patients from 12 hospitals. KOQUSS-40 was found to have good model fit. The mean summary score of the KOQUSS-40 was correlated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and STO22 (correlation coefficients, 0.821 and 0.778, respectively). The KOQUSS-40 score was also correlated with clinical factors, and had acceptable internal consistency (> 0.7). Test-retest reliability was greater than 0.8. Conclusion The KOQUSS-40 can be used to assess QoL of gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy and allows for a robust comparison of surgical techniques in clinical trials.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889748

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who have undergone gastrectomy have unique symptoms that are not appropriately assessed using currently available tools. This study developed and validated a symptom-focused quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients who have received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods Based on a literature review, patient interviews, and expert consultation by the KOrean QUality of life in Stomach cancer patients Study group (KOQUSS), the initial item pool was developed. Two large-scale developmental studies were then sequentially conducted for exploratory factor analyses for content validity and item reduction. The final item pool was validated in a separate cohort of patients and assessed for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and clinical validity. @*Results@#The initial questionnaire consisted of 46-items in 12 domains. Data from 465 patients at 11 institutions, followed by 499 patients at 13 institutions, were used to conduct item reduction and exploratory factor analyses. The final questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) comprised 40 items within 11 domains. Validation of KOQUSS-40 was conducted on 413 patients from 12 hospitals. KOQUSS-40 was found to have good model fit. The mean summary score of the KOQUSS-40 was correlated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and STO22 (correlation coefficients, 0.821 and 0.778, respectively). The KOQUSS-40 score was also correlated with clinical factors, and had acceptable internal consistency (> 0.7). Test-retest reliability was greater than 0.8. Conclusion The KOQUSS-40 can be used to assess QoL of gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy and allows for a robust comparison of surgical techniques in clinical trials.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892619

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A novel resection method, namely, laparoscopic local resection through subserosal dissection with endoscopic air-insuff lation (LRSDEA) was used for submucosal tumors located near the esophagogastric junction (SMT-EGJ) to avoid major gastric resection. @*Methods@#A total of 9 cases underwent LRSDEA. We sequentially performed: laparoscopic dissections around EGJ, subserosal dissections around SMTs using laparoscopic electrocautery and ultrasonic shears, and finally, enucleation of SMTs. During these procedures, intraoperative endoscopic tumor localization, as well as endoscopic air-insufflation allowed for safe resection. These procedures are shown in the supplementary video clip. The clinicopathological characteristics and surgical results were analyzed. @*Results@#All laparoscopic procedures were successfully performed without requiring a major gastrectomy.The mean operation time was 126.1 minutes, and estimated blood loss was 12.0 ml. There were no postoperative complications. Pathological diagnoses were 6 leiomyomas, 2 gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and 1 gastric duplication. @*Conclusion@#LRSDEA is an effective and safe treatment option for SMT-EGJ, as major resection of the stomach is avoided.

6.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 152-164, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835758

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare long-term disease-free survival (DFS) between patients receiving tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1) or capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (CAPOX) adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) for gastric cancer (GC). @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective multicenter observational study enrolled 983 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with consecutive AC with S-1 or CAPOX for stage II or III GC at 27 hospitals in Korea between February 2012 and December 2013. We conducted propensity score matching to reduce selection bias. Long-term oncologic outcomes, including DFS rate over 5 years (over-5yr DFS), were analyzed postoperatively. @*Results@#The median and longest follow-up period were 59.0 and 87.6 months, respectively. DFS rate did not differ between patients who received S-1 and CAPOX for pathologic stage II (P=0.677) and stage III (P=0.899) GC. Moreover, hazard ratio (HR) for recurrence did not differ significantly between S-1 and CAPOX (reference) in stage II (HR, 1.846; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.693–4.919; P=0.220) and stage III (HR, 0.942; 95% CI, 0.664–1.337; P=0.738) GC. After adjustment for significance in multivariate analysis, pT (4 vs. 1) (HR, 11.667; 95% CI, 1.595–85.351; P=0.016), pN stage (0 vs. 3) (HR, 2.788; 95% CI, 1.502–5.174; P=0.001), and completion of planned chemotherapy (HR, 2.213; 95% CI, 1.618–3.028; P<0.001) were determined as independent prognostic factors for DFS. @*Conclusions@#S-1 and CAPOX AC regimens did not show significant difference in over-5yr DFS after curative gastrectomy in patients with stage II or III GC. The pT, pN stage, and completion of planned chemotherapy were prognostic factors for GC recurrence.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832630

ABSTRACT

Fibrofolliculoma is a benign perifollicular connective tissue tumor that usually occurs in the face. Most fibrofolliculoma present as multiple lesions and typically occur with trichodiscomas and acrochordons, constituting the Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome. Solitary fibrofolliculoma is nonhereditary and unassociated with other cutaneous abnormalities. A 72-year-old man visited our clinic complaining of a solitary umbilicated nodule on the antitragus of the left ear. Skin biopsy from the lesion showed a central dilated follicular infundibulum with anastomosing bands of follicular epithelium extending into the fibrous stroma. The diagnosis of a solitary fibrofolliculoma was made based on the clinical and histopathological findings. No signs of lesion recurrence for 1 year after shave removal were noted. We report a rare case of solitary fibrofolliculoma that occurred on the antitragus of the ear.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830507

ABSTRACT

Internal auditory canal (IAC) stenosis with hypoplasia of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves is a rare cause of congenital facial palsy. In this case report, a 3-month-old female infant was referred for a neurological developmental assessment for developmental delay and congenital facial palsy. Upon evaluation of developmental delay, hearing loss was detected. Following a magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain and a computed tomography scan of the temporal bone, IAC stenosis with hypoplasia of facial and vestibular nerves was diagnosed. This is a rare case of IAC stenosis in an infant with initial presentations of left facial palsy and developmental delay associated with hearing loss in the left ear. We strongly suggest that IAC stenosis be considered a cause of congenital facial palsy in infants, especially in patients with developmental delay. In infants with congenital facial palsy, a thorough physical examination and neurological developmental assessment should be performed.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900323

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A novel resection method, namely, laparoscopic local resection through subserosal dissection with endoscopic air-insuff lation (LRSDEA) was used for submucosal tumors located near the esophagogastric junction (SMT-EGJ) to avoid major gastric resection. @*Methods@#A total of 9 cases underwent LRSDEA. We sequentially performed: laparoscopic dissections around EGJ, subserosal dissections around SMTs using laparoscopic electrocautery and ultrasonic shears, and finally, enucleation of SMTs. During these procedures, intraoperative endoscopic tumor localization, as well as endoscopic air-insufflation allowed for safe resection. These procedures are shown in the supplementary video clip. The clinicopathological characteristics and surgical results were analyzed. @*Results@#All laparoscopic procedures were successfully performed without requiring a major gastrectomy.The mean operation time was 126.1 minutes, and estimated blood loss was 12.0 ml. There were no postoperative complications. Pathological diagnoses were 6 leiomyomas, 2 gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and 1 gastric duplication. @*Conclusion@#LRSDEA is an effective and safe treatment option for SMT-EGJ, as major resection of the stomach is avoided.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788058

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Whether subtotal or total colectomy with primary anastomosis (PA) is safer than Hartmann procedure (HP) for left-sided colon cancer obstruction or perforation remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative morbidity, mortality, and defecation frequency between PA and HP for left-sided colon cancer obstruction or perforation.METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 54 patients from January 2014 to February 2018 who underwent emergency surgery due to left-sided colon cancer obstruction or perforation.RESULTS: PA was carried out in 20 patients while HP was performed for 34 patients. Thirty-day mortality did not show significant difference between the two groups (15.0% vs. 14.7%, P=1.000). No anastomotic leakage occurred in PA group while three (8.8%) cases of stump leakage occurred in HP group. Stoma repair was performed for 13 cases (44.8%) and stoma reformation was performed for one case in HP group (7.7%). Stoma related complications occurred in five cases (17.24%). For patients after stoma repair, defecation frequency at 3 months after operation was 2.91±2.88 times per day in PA group and 2.86±2.63 times per day in HP group. At 1 year after operation, defecation frequency was changed to 1.40±1.12 times per day in PA group and 1.17±0.39 times per day in HP group.CONCLUSION: Primary ileosigmoid or ileorectal anastomosis for left-sided colon cancer obstruction or perforation is safe, and shows similar outcome of defecation frequency compared to HP.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Colectomy , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Defecation , Emergencies , Humans , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Both hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are known as main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. There has been, however, no report on the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and homocysteine (Hcy) in hyperuricemic patients. This study aimed to investigate how hyperuricemia is associated with increased carotid IMT with a focus on hyperhomocysteinemia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,222 patients who visited the Chung-Ang University Hospital Health Promotion Center from January 2013 to December 2015. The serum Hcy levels were estimated with a competitive immunoassay using the direct chemiluminescence method. The carotid IMT was measured by B-mode carotid ultrasonography. The definition of hyperuricemia was a serum uric acid level > 7.0 mg/dL for men or > 5.6 mg/dL for women, and hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as serum levels > 15 μmol/L. RESULTS: The hyperuricemic patients showed significantly higher serum Hcy levels and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than did normouricemic patients (13.39 ± 4.42 vs. 11.69 ± 3.65 μmol/L, P < 0.001; 85.16 ± 19.18 vs. 96.14 ± 16.63, P < 0.001, respectively). Serum Hcy level (odds ratio [OR], 1.050; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.009–1.092) and fasting glucose level (OR, 1.018; 95% CI, 1.011–1.026) were independent risk factors for carotid plaque. In patients with hyperuricemia, the serum Hcy levels correlated with the eGFR (γ = −0.478, P < 0.001). The carotid IMT correlated with serum Hcy levels and eGFR (γ = 0.196, P = 0.008; γ = − 0.297, P < 0.001, respectively) but not with the serum lipid profile. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that renal function impairment in hyperuricemic patients may worsen carotid IMT by increasing serum Hcy levels.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fasting , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glucose , Health Promotion , Homocysteine , Humans , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Hyperuricemia , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Male , Methods , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
12.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 157-164, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764491

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although standard radical gastrectomy is recommended after noncurative resection of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer in most cases, residual tumor and lymph node metastasis have not been identified after surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of sentinel node navigation surgery after noncurative ESD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This trial is an investigator-initiated, multicenter prospective phase II trial. Patients who underwent ESD for clinical stage T1N0M0 gastric cancer with noncurative resections were eligible. Qualified investigators who completed the prior phase III trial (SENORITA 1) are exclusively allowed to participate. In this study, 2 detection methods will be used: 1) intraoperative endoscopic submucosal injection of dual tracer, including radioisotope and indocyanine green (ICG) with sentinel basins detected using gamma-probe; 2) endoscopic injection of ICG, with sentinel basins detected using a fluorescence imaging system. Standard laparoscopic gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy will be performed. Sample size is calculated based on the inferior confidence interval of the detection rate of 95%, and the calculated accrual is 237 patients. The primary endpoint is detection rate, and the secondary endpoints are sensitivity and postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: This study is expected to clarify the feasibility of laparoscopic sentinel basin dissection after noncurative ESD. If the feasibility is demonstrated, a multicenter phase III trial will be initiated to compare laparoscopic sentinel node navigation surgery versus laparoscopic standard gastrectomy in early gastric cancer after endoscopic resection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03123042


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Gastrectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Optical Imaging , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Research Personnel , Sample Size , Stomach Neoplasms
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788028

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and open gastrectomy (OG) for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) with a 5-year follow-up period.METHODS: Clinical data of 180 patients (109 LG and 71 OG) who underwent radical D2 gastrectomy for AGC at Gyeongsang National University Hospital between 2007 and 2009 were included. Survivals and predictors of these outcomes were analyzed.RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 54.3 months. Recurrence was observed in 68 patients (37.8%). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 52.2% for all patients, 39.4% in the OG group, and 60.6% in the LG group. The 5-year DFS rates for OG and LG with respect to pathological stage were stage I, 87.5% and 84.2%, respectively (P=0.684); stage II, 55.0% and 77.3%, respectively (P=0.032); and stage III, 23.3% and 34.8%, respectively (P=0.265). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 52.8% for all patients, 40.8% in the OG group, and 60.6% in the LG group. The 5-year OS rates for OG and LG with respect to pathological stage were stage I, 87.5% and 84.2%, respectively (P=0.753); stage II, 55.0% and 77.3%, respectively (P=0.034); and stage III, 25.6% and 34.8%, respectively (P=0.302). For survival, TMN cancer stage was statistically independent prognostic factors.CONCLUSION: Our analysis revealed that LG for AGC had acceptable long-term oncologic outcomes comparable to the outcomes of conventional OG. Cancer stage was independent risk factors associated with survival.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788025

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to retrospectively identify prognostic factors of survival among breast cancer patients with 10 or more metastatic lymph nodes (LNs).METHODS: The study included 58 patients with 10 or more metastatic LNs who received standard treatment from January 2005 to December 2015. To identify the prognostic factors, we analyzed the difference of disease-free survival (DFS) according to clinicopathologic factors.RESULTS: The 5-year DFS and overall survival rates in all patients were 55% and 69%, respectively. Tumor size, number of metastatic LNs and ratio of metastatic to total LNs were associated with poorer prognosis. DFS was significantly poorer in patients with >15 than ≤15 metastatic LNs (hazard ratio [HR], 4.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38–15.32) and with LN ratio >0.64 than ≤0.64 (HR, 26.13; 95% CI, 3.16–215.80) A scoring system based on these factors was significantly prognostic of survival outcomes.CONCLUSION: This study identified factors of survival in breast cancer patients with extensive LN metastasis. Patients with unfavorable factors may require modified management to improve their clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717485

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To improve the treatment efficiency of optic nerve diseases by delivering therapeutic materials to the optic nerve directly. METHODS: We tried to optimize liposomal composition to deliver a payload to the optic nerve efficiently when it is injected intravitreally. After loading dexamethasone into this liposome, we tested the therapeutic effect of liposomes in this treatment using a murine model of ischemic optic neuropathy. RESULTS: Our optimized liposome can deliver its payload to the optic nerve more efficiently than other tested compositions. Moreover, dexamethasone-loaded liposomes had a significant therapeutic effect in a murine model of ischemic optic neuropathy. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we demonstrate the optimal composition of liposomes that could efficiently deliver intravitreally injected exogenous compounds to the optic nerve. We expect that the intravitreal injection of liposomes with the suggested composition would improve the delivery efficacy of therapeutic compounds to the optic nerve.


Subject(s)
Dexamethasone , Intravitreal Injections , Liposomes , Optic Nerve Diseases , Optic Nerve , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic
16.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 161-171, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715194

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study assessed the feasibility of near-infrared (NIR) imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) in investigating the completeness of laparoscopic lymph node (LN) dissection for gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled for laparoscopic gastrectomy for treating gastric cancer were enrolled in the study. After intraoperative submucosal ICG injection (0.05 mg/mL), LN dissection was performed under conventional laparoscopic light. After dissection, the LN stations of interest were examined under the NIR mode to locate any extra ICG-stained (E) tissues, which were excised and sent for pathologic confirmation. This technique was tested in 2 steps: infra-pyloric LN dissection (step 1) and review of all stations after proper radical node dissection (step 2). RESULTS: In step 1, 15 patients who underwent laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LPPG) and 15 patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) were examined. Seven and 2 E-tissues were obtained during LPPG and LDG, respectively. From the retrieved E-tissues, 1 and 0 tissue obtained during LPPG and LDG, respectively, was confirmed as LN. In step 2, 20 patients were enrolled (13 D1+ dissection and 7 D2 dissection). Six E-tissues were retrieved from 5 patients, and 1 tissue was confirmed as LN in the pathologic review. Overall, 15 E-tissues were detected and removed, and 2 tissues were confirmed as LNs in the pathologic review. Both nodes were from LN station #6, with 1 case each in the LDG and LPPG groups. CONCLUSIONS: NIR imaging may provide additional node detection during laparoscopic LN dissection for gastric cancer, especially in the infra-pyloric area.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Gastrectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 189-199, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714909

ABSTRACT

Depression causes mental and physical changes which affect quality of life. It is estimated to become the second most prevalent disease, but despite its commonness, the pathophysiology of depression remains unclear and medicine is not sufficiently protective. p-Coumaric acid (p-CA) is a dietary phenolic acid which has been proven to have antifungal, anti-HIV, anti-melanogenic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Considering these effects, we investigated whether p-CA can prevent depressive symptoms by reducing inflammatory cytokines in animals injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Changes in despair-related behaviors, inflammatory cytokines, neurotrophic factors and synaptic activity were measured. In these animals, p-CA improved despair-related behavioral symptoms induced by LPS in the forced swim test (FST), tail suspension test (TST) and sucrose splash test (SST). p-CA also prevented the increase of inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus such as cycloxigenase-2 and tumor necrosis factor-α due to LPS. Similarly, it prevented the reduction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by LPS. Electrophysiologically, p-CA blocked the reduction of long-term depression in LPS-treated organotypic tissue slices. In conclusion, p-CA prevented LPS-induced depressive symptoms in animals, as determined by behavioral, biochemical and electrophysiological measures. These findings suggest the potential use of p-CA as a preventive and therapeutic medicine for depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Behavioral Symptoms , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cytokines , Depression , Hindlimb Suspension , Hippocampus , Necrosis , Nerve Growth Factors , Phenol , Quality of Life , Rats , Sucrose
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788011

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The inclusion criteria for laparoscopic gastrectomy have recently been expanded, and this has led to an increase in the number of publications describing the laparoscopic treatment of advanced gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate morbidity in advanced stage gastric cancer (ASGC; tumor, node, metastasis [TNM] stage II–III) compared with that in early stage gastric cancer (ESGC; TNM stage I) in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG).METHODS: The clinical data of 448 consecutive patients who underwent LADG with R0 resection for gastric cancer at the Gyeongsang National University Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.RESULTS: The morbidity and mortality rates for radical distal gastrectomy were 20.3% (91/448) and 0.2% (1/448), respectively. Wound problems were the most common complication (4.7%, n=21), followed by leakage (4.5%, n=20), and postoperative bleeding (3.8%, n=17). We found ASGC had higher frequencies of postoperative ileus (0.8% vs. 5.4%), wound problems (3.1% vs. 10.9%), and pulmonary complications (4% vs. 7%) than ESGC in the LADG (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Among patients who underwent LADG, ASGC patients had higher rates of postoperative ileus and wound and pulmonary complications than ESGC patients. ASGC patients should be closely monitored for these complications after LADG.


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Hemorrhage , Humans , Ileus , Laparoscopy , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15463

ABSTRACT

The main treatment for Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is long-term anticoagulation with an oral vitamin K antagonist, although these are associated with numerous problems. Rivaroxaban is a direct anti-factor Xa inhibitor, with a predictable anticoagulant effect at fixed doses. There are limited reports of rivaroxaban use in APS. We present four cases of patients with APS who received rivaroxaban treatment for six months without thrombosis recurrence or bleeding. Three of the patients received rivaroxaban as initial therapy. In the systematic review, only five patients were treated with rivaroxaban as a thromboprophylaxis. Of the 71 cases of rivaroxaban use including our study, there were seven cases (9.9%) of thrombosis recurrence and two reports of bleeding. The efficacy of rivaroxaban in APS patients was at least equal to warfarin therapy. This report and systematic review suggest that rivaroxaban can be considered cautiously as a thromboprophylactic or alternative therapy for warfarin in patients with APS.


Subject(s)
Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Hemorrhage , Humans , Recurrence , Rivaroxaban , Thrombosis , Vitamin K , Warfarin
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56106

ABSTRACT

Duplicated gallbladder (GB) is a rare congenital disease. Surgical management of a duplicated GB needs special care because of concurrent bile duct anomalies and the risk of injuring adjacent arteries during surgery. An 80-year-old man visited an emergency room with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed cholecystitis with a 2-bodied GB. Because of this unusual finding, magnetic resonance choledochopancreatography was performed to detect possible biliary anomalies. The 2 GB bodies were unified at the neck with a common cystic duct, a so-called V-shaped duplicated GB. The patient's right posterior hepatic duct joined the common bile duct (CBD) near the cystic duct. The patient underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy without adjacent organ injury, and was discharged uneventfully. Surgeons should carefully evaluate the patient preoperatively and select adequate surgical procedures in patients with suspected duplicated GB because of the risk of concurrent biliary anomalies.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged, 80 and over , Arteries , Bile Ducts , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gallbladder , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Laparoscopy , Neck , Patient Rights , Surgeons
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