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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739841

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C). METHODS: Participants were 419 young adolescent students (11~15 years old). The content validity of the expert group was calculated as the content validity index (CVI) after the translation and reverse translation process of the 25 items of the YFAS-C. The multitrait-multimethod matrix (MTMM) method was used to verify the construct validity; the generalized linear model (GLM) was used to evaluate the concurrent and incremental validity. Reliability was calculated as Kuder-Richardson-20 (KR-20) and Spearman-Brown coefficients. RESULTS: The CVI of the 25 items was greater than the item-level CVI .80 and the scale-level CVI .90. The Korean version of YFAS-C had verified convergent validity in emotional eating and external eating and discriminant validity in restrained eating. In addition, it had verified concurrent validity in emotional eating and external eating. Finally the incremental validity of the Korean version of YFAS-C was statistically significant on BMI. Reliability was KR-20 α=.69 and the Spearman-Brown coefficient was .64. CONCLUSION: The Korean version of YFAS-C is a valid and reliable scale for measuring the severity of food addiction; it can be a useful scale for preventing obesity by predicting food addiction early.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Eating , Humans , Linear Models , Methods , Obesity , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
2.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 502-505, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763468

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic submucosal dissection is recommended as an alternative therapy for early esophageal cancer. However, achieving curative resection in this procedure remains controversial since precise prediction of lymph node metastasis can be difficult. Here, we present the preliminary results of endoscopic submucosal dissection followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy for early esophageal cancer with a high risk of lymph node metastasis. From May 2006 to January 2014, six patients underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy after endoscopic submucosal dissection with a median follow-up period of 63 months. No complications were encountered during concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Although local recurrence did not occur in all patients, two patients were diagnosed with metachronous cancer. Overall, the survival rate was 100%. Thus, endoscopic submucosal dissection followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy may be a feasible treatment for early esophageal cancer in patients with a high risk of lymph node metastasis. Future prospective large-scale studies are warranted to confirm our results.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Survival Rate
3.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 301-305, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763461

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors (GSTs) are usually detected incidentally on endoscopic or radiologic examinations. In conventional endoscopy, a GST usually presents as a protuberant lesion with an intact mucosal surface. As the lesion is located beneath the mucosal layer of the gastrointestinal tract, conventional biopsy typically does not reveal the pathologic diagnosis. First, a GST should be differentiated from an extrinsic compression through the positional change of the patient during conventional endoscopic examination. In cases of GSTs originating from the gastrointestinal wall, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be beneficial for narrowing the differential diagnosis through delineation of echo findings and by determining the layer of origin. EUS findings can also help determine the management strategies for GSTs by making a differential diagnosis according to malignant potential.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157027

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori is the most important etiology of peptic ulcer disease. With the gradual eradication of H. pylori and the increase in the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the proportion of H. pylori-negative peptic ulcers has been increasing. It is important for false negative results to be ruled out in H. pylori-negative peptic ulcers, and medical treatment for long-term maintenance should be considered because of the high risk of recurrence and related complications associated with the disease.


Subject(s)
Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Peptic Ulcer , Recurrence
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 226-231, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The resistance rate of Helicobacter pylori is gradually increasing. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication in peptic ulcer disease. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, 110 patients in 14 medical centers received levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication therapy for peptic ulcer disease. Of these, 88 were included in the study; 21 were excluded because of lack of follow-up and one was excluded for poor compliance. Their eradication rates, treatment regimens and durations, and types of peptic ulcers were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall eradiation rate was 71.6%. The adherence rate was 80.0%. All except one received a proton-pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and levofloxacin. One received a proton-pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, levofloxacin, and clarithromycin, and the eradication was successful. Thirty-one were administered the therapy for 7 days, 25 for 10 days, and 32 for 14 days. No significant differences were observed in the eradication rates between the three groups (7-days, 80.6% vs 10-days, 64.0% vs 14-days, 68.8%, p=0.353). Additionally, no differences were found in the eradiation rates according to the type of peptic ulcer (gastric ulcer, 73.2% vs duodenal/gastroduodenal ulcer, 68.8%, p=0.655). CONCLUSIONS: Levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication showed efficacy similar to that of previously reported first/second-line therapies.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Clarithromycin , Compliance , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Levofloxacin , Peptic Ulcer , Ulcer
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 612-619, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140059

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Atrophic gastritis is considered a premalignant lesion. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for gastric tumorigenesis in underlying mucosal atrophy. METHODS: A total of 10,185 subjects who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy between 2003 and 2004 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Follow-up endoscopy was performed between 2005 and 2014. Atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia were assessed by endoscopy using the Kimura-Takemoto classification. Helicobacter pylori infection was evaluated based on serum immunoglobulin G antibody levels, the rapid urease test, or the urea breath test. RESULTS: Atrophic gastritis was confirmed in 3,714 patients at baseline; 2,144 patients were followed up for 6.9 years, and 1,138 exhibited increased atrophy. A total of 69 subjects were diagnosed with gastric neoplasm during follow-up (35 adenoma and 34 carcinoma). Age ≥55 years (hazard ratio [HR], 1.234), alcohol consumption (HR, 1.001), and H. pylori infection (HR, 1.580) were associated with increased mucosal atrophy. The risk factors for gastric neoplasm in underlying mucosal atrophy were age ≥55 years (HR, 2.582), alcohol consumption (HR, 1.003), extent of mucosal atrophy (HR, 2.285 in C3-O1; HR, 4.187 in O2–O3), and intestinal metaplasia (HR, 2.655). CONCLUSIONS: Extent of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for gastric neoplasm in underlying mucosal atrophy.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Alcohol Drinking , Atrophy , Breath Tests , Carcinogenesis , Classification , Cohort Studies , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Metaplasia , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Urea , Urease
7.
Gut and Liver ; : 612-619, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140058

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Atrophic gastritis is considered a premalignant lesion. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for gastric tumorigenesis in underlying mucosal atrophy. METHODS: A total of 10,185 subjects who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy between 2003 and 2004 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Follow-up endoscopy was performed between 2005 and 2014. Atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia were assessed by endoscopy using the Kimura-Takemoto classification. Helicobacter pylori infection was evaluated based on serum immunoglobulin G antibody levels, the rapid urease test, or the urea breath test. RESULTS: Atrophic gastritis was confirmed in 3,714 patients at baseline; 2,144 patients were followed up for 6.9 years, and 1,138 exhibited increased atrophy. A total of 69 subjects were diagnosed with gastric neoplasm during follow-up (35 adenoma and 34 carcinoma). Age ≥55 years (hazard ratio [HR], 1.234), alcohol consumption (HR, 1.001), and H. pylori infection (HR, 1.580) were associated with increased mucosal atrophy. The risk factors for gastric neoplasm in underlying mucosal atrophy were age ≥55 years (HR, 2.582), alcohol consumption (HR, 1.003), extent of mucosal atrophy (HR, 2.285 in C3-O1; HR, 4.187 in O2–O3), and intestinal metaplasia (HR, 2.655). CONCLUSIONS: Extent of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for gastric neoplasm in underlying mucosal atrophy.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Alcohol Drinking , Atrophy , Breath Tests , Carcinogenesis , Classification , Cohort Studies , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Metaplasia , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms , Urea , Urease
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10156

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is an important risk factor for gastric carcinogenesis. Although several studies have investigated the effect of Hp eradication on the development of metachronous neoplasm after endoscopic resection of the gastric dysplasia, the evidence is still insufficient to make a clear conclusion. The aims of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for the development of metachronous neoplasm after endoscopic resection of gastric dysplasia and to investigate the effect of Hp eradication. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2011, a total of 887 patients underwent endoscopic resection for gastric dysplasia. Among them, 521 patients who had undergone tests for Hp infection and been followed-up for at least one year were included in the final analyses. Of the 292 Hp-positive patients, 116 patients were successfully eradicated, while 176 failed or did not undergo eradication. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 59.1 months (range 12–125 months), metachronous neoplasm had developed in 63 patients (12.1%, dysplasia in 38, carcinoma in 25). In multivariate analyses, age ≥65 (hazard ratio [HR]=2.247, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.297–3.895), tumor size (HR=1.283, 95% CI 1.038–1.585), synchronous lesion (HR=2.341, 95% CI 1.244–4.405), family history of gastric cancer (HR=3.240, 95% CI 1.776–5.912), and smoking (HR=1.016, 95% CI 1.003–1.029) were risk factors for metachronous neoplasm after endoscopic resection of gastric dysplasia. However, Hp eradication was not associated with metachronous neoplasm (HR=0.641, 95% CI 0.297–1.384). CONCLUSIONS: Hp eradication was not shown to be associated with the development of metachronous cancer after endoscopic resection of gastric dysplasia.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Precancerous Conditions , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22662

ABSTRACT

Entecavir (Baraclude®) is an oral antiviral drug used for the treatment of HBV. Entecavir is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor which prevents the HBV from multiplying. Most common adverse reactions caused by entecavir are headache, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. Until now, there has been no report of peripheral neuropathy as a side effect associated with entecavir treatment. Herein, we report a case of peripheral neuropathy which probably occurred after treatment with entecavir in a hepatitis B patient. The possibility of the occurrence of this side effect should be carefully taken into consideration when a patient takes a high dose of entecavir for a long period of time or has risk factors for neuropathy at the time of initiating entecavir therapy.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Drug Therapy, Combination , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Guanine/adverse effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146118

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between clinical variables and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and identify risk factors for SUDEP. SUDEP is one of the most frequent causes of death in patients with epilepsy. Previous studies have reported possible risk factors associated with SUDEP, but there need to be elucidated yet. The cases were 26 patients with SUDEP and three control patients were included for each case, matched for age, sex, and date of initial clinical visit. All demographic and clinical characteristics, including age, sex, disease duration, classification of epilepsy, age at seizure onset, kind and number of antiepileptic drugs, were compared between cases and controls. Seizure frequency was higher in SUDEP cases than in controls (P=0.035). Univariate analysis using conditional logistic regression showed that higher seizure frequency (odds ratio [OR]=3.1, P=0.021) and the number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (OR=2.0, P=0.009) were significantly associated with SUDEP. Only the number of AEDs remained significant in multivariate analysis (OR=1.8, P=0.026). Frequent seizures and multi-drug therapy were associated with SUDEP. This may suggest that the severity of epilepsy is associated with SUDEP, regardless of the type of AED used.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use , Death, Sudden/epidemiology , Epilepsy/mortality , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Recurrence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Survival Rate , Young Adult
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20101

ABSTRACT

Primary anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the lung is highly aggressive and quite rare. We report here a case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive endobronchial ALCL, that was initially thought to be primary lung cancer. A 68-year-old woman presented with hemoptysis, dyspnea, and upper respiratory symptoms persisting since 1 month. The hemoptysis and and bronchial obstruction lead to respiratory failure, prompting emergency radiotherapy and steroid treatment based on the probable diagnosis of lung cancer, although a biopsy did not confirm malignancy. Following treatment, her symptoms resolved completely. Chest computed tomography scan performed 8 months later showed increased and enlarged intra-abdominal lymph nodes, suggesting lymphoma. At that time, a lymph node biopsy was recommended, but the patient refused and was lost to follow up. Sixteen months later, the patient revisited the emergency department, complaining of persistent abdominal pain since several months. A laparoscopic intra-abdominal lymph node biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of ALCL.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Hemoptysis , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Radiotherapy , Respiratory Insufficiency , Thorax
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155552

ABSTRACT

Catamenial hemoptysis is a rare condition, characterized by recurrent hemoptysis associated with the presence of intrapulmonary or endobronchial endometrial tissue. Therapeutic strategies proposed for intrapulmonary endometriosis with catamenial hemoptysis consist of medical treatments and surgery. Bronchial artery embolization is a well-established modality in the management of massive or recurrent hemoptysis, but has seldom been used for the treatment of catamenial hemoptysis. We report a case of catamenial hemoptysis associated with pulmonary parenchymal endometriosis, which was successfully treated by a bronchial artery embolization.


Subject(s)
Bronchial Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endometriosis , Female , Hemoptysis
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 651-654, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151946

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease. In patients with SLE, the prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies is considerably higher, and is largely responsible for thrombosis. Splenic infarction is a rare complication of arterial thrombosis in patients with SLE. It is important to consider splenic infarction in a patient with SLE complaining of left upper quadrant (LUQ) pain because of the possibility of severe infarction-related complications, such as subcapsular hemorrhage and splenic rupture. We report a case of solitary splenic infarction in a patient with SLE. The only symptom was LUQ pain of 3-day duration. Lupus anticoagulant activity was positive and abdominal-pelvic computed tomography (CT) was consistent with splenic infarction. She did not show any other evidence of thrombotic events. The patient was diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome that presented as a splenic infarction in a SLE patient.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Autoimmune Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Prevalence , Splenic Infarction , Splenic Rupture , Thrombosis
14.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 121-125, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80978

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology and is characterized by presence of variable pathogenic auto-antibodies and multiple organ involvement. Serositis is common in SLE, but peritoneal involvement is relatively rare. This is a case report of 28-year-old female who initially presented with abdominal pain and ascites. After ruling out many other possibilities such as liver cirrhosis, neoplasm, and infectious etiologies, we confirmed SLE with clinical features, serologic tests and radiological findings. To conclude, her abdominal pain and ascites were caused by lupus peritonitis. After administration of corticosteroid therapy, her symptoms fairly improved.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adult , Ascites , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Peritonitis , Serologic Tests , Serositis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of dietary risk factors in colorectal carcinogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the association between dietary intakes and colorectal adenomas who visited a health promotion center for a routine health check-up colonoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study using data from individuals who had colonoscopy at Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center from October 2003 to December 2007. The subjects were 242 patients (162 males and 80 females) with histopathologically confirmed colorectal adenoma, and 464 (272 males and 192 females) controls. Dietary data were obtained via 24 hour dietary recall, assisted by a registered dietitian. The student's t-test and the chi-square test were performed for the statistical comparison of means and proportions among groups. Multivariate analyses using logistic regression were performed to assess the relation between dietary intake and colorectal adenoma. RESULTS: The total average energy intake of the patients (male: 2,407.5+/-429.2 kcal, female: 1,901.3+/-316.9 kcal) was higher than the controls (male: 2,249.6+/-430.4 kcal, female: 1,752.4+/-275.0 kcal; p=0.001). High energy intake (male: OR=4.13, 95% CI=1.70-10.05, p=0.002; female: OR=4.00, 95% CI=1.51-10.61, p=0.005) and animal protein intake (male: OR=3.97, 95% CI=1.66-9.49, p=0.002; female: OR=5.76, 95% CI=1.99-16.169, p=0.001) were found to be associated with the risk of colorectal adenoma after adjusting for confounders such as age, BMI, waist circumference, metabolic syndrome and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, high energy intake and animal protein were associated with colorectal adenoma.


Subject(s)
Adenoma/complications , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Diet , Dietary Proteins , Energy Intake , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking , Waist Circumference
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. METHODS: From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. RESULTS: Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 +/- 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5%) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95% CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4%). CONCLUSIONS: We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.


Subject(s)
Bread , Carbonated Beverages , Diet , Feeding Behavior , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Incidence , Korea , Meals , Obesity , Overweight , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224533

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Only a few reports have examined informed consent for gastrointestinal endoscopy in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of the informed consent procedure in Korea. METHODS: A total of 209 patients who underwent endoscopy were asked to answer a self-administered structured questionnaire on the informed consent procedure for gastrointestinal endoscopy. RESULTS: One hundred thirteen patients completed questionnaires and were enrolled. In the survey, 91.2% answered that they understood the procedure, and the degree of understanding decreased with age; 85.8% were informed of the risks of the procedure, and the proportion was higher for inpatients and for those receiving therapeutic endoscopy or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; 60.2% were informed of alternative methods, and the proportion was higher in older patients; 76.1% had the opportunity to ask questions during the informed consent procedure, and the proportion was higher in inpatients. The understanding of the risks of the endoscopic procedure was better in the younger and more highly educated groups. About 80% had sedation before endoscopy, and only 56% were informed of the risks of sedation during endoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The current informed consent process may be reasonably acceptable and understandable to the patients. However, the understanding of the risks of endoscopy was insufficient especially in the cases of older, poorly educated patients and outpatients. The information about alternatives, the opportunity to ask for additional information, and the information about the risks of sedation during endoscopy were also insufficient in the current consent process.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Conscious Sedation , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Female , Humans , Informed Consent/psychology , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Patient Education as Topic/standards , Patient Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215086

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate health status and nutrient intakes among 5th grade elementary students at Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2010. This study was cross-sectional study on 1,384 children (687 boys, 697 girls) from nine elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The average height, weight and BMI were 145 cm, 40.6 kg 19.2 kg/m2 for boys and 145.4 cm, 38.2 kg, 18.0 kg/m2 for girls. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 11.3%, 5.2%, respectively. Serum AST, ALT, glucose, HDL-Cholesterol and RBC levels were significantly higher, while TG levels was significantly lower for boys than for girls. The average energy intake was 1772.4 kcal, which was 98.7% of Estimated Energy Requirement (EER). The boys consumed more energy intake (1800.4 kcal) than the girls (1744.7 kcal). Also, they took insufficient calcium and folate (69.1% and 83.3% of Recommended Intake (RI)) and excess sodium (297.6% of Adequate Intake (AI)) and 85.1% of the subjects had breakfast everyday. In general, the proportion of the children who consumed fruits and vegetables at least once or more a day was low. There was a higher proportion of children in boys who had ramyun and milk with sufficient physical activity than those in girls. As a result of this study, we can find risk factors on obesity and metabolic disorders, and the results can be used for an evidence of nutrition education program and the intervention program.


Subject(s)
Breakfast , Calcium , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Energy Intake , Folic Acid , Fruit , Glucose , Humans , Korea , Milk , Motor Activity , Obesity , Overweight , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sodium , Vegetables
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42871

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of reflux esophagitis is increasing in Korea. To estimate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of reflux esophagitis in healthy subjects, we retrospectively examined the medical records of healthy subjects undergoing a routine check-up from October 2004 to September 2005. A total of 6,082 (3,590 men, mean age 44+/-10 yr) subjects were enrolled in this study. The prevalence of reflux esophagitis in healthy subjects was 10.5%. According to the univariate analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR] 3.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.84-4.30), smoking history (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.60-2.28), body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.37-3.33), total cholesterol >250 mg/dL (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.05-2.14), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol > or =160 mg/dL (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.08-2.14), triglyceride > or =150 mg/dL (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.61-2.30), high blood pressure (BP) (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.20-1.76), and fasting glucose > or =110 mg/dL (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.13-1.86) were significantly associated with reflux esophagitis (all p<0.05). However, age, alcohol drinking and Helicobacter pylori infection were not associated with reflux esophagitis. In conclusiosn, significant relationships of reflux esophagitis with obesity, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, high triglyceride, high BP, and elevated fasting glucose suggested that reflux esophagitis might represent the disease spectrum of the metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Esophagitis, Peptic/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Korea/epidemiology , Male , Medical Records , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180633

ABSTRACT

Obesity has become a worldwide health problem. Orlistat, an inhibitor of pancreatic lipase, is currently approved as an anti-obesity drug. However, gastrointestinal side effects caused by Orlistat may limit its use. In this study the inhibitory activities of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) against pancreatic lipase in vitro and in vivo were measured to determine its possible use as a natural anti-obesity agent. The inhibitory activities of the 95% ethanol extract of T. officinale and Orlistat were measured using 4-methylumbelliferyl oleate (4-MU oleate) as a substrate at concentrations of 250, 125, 100, 25, 12.5 and 4 microgram/ml. To determine pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity in vivo, mice (n=16) were orally administered with corn oil emulsion (5 ml/kg) alone or with the 95% ethanol extract of T. officinale (400 mg/kg) following an overnight fast. Plasma triglyceride levels were measured at 0, 90, 180, and 240 min after treatment and incremental areas under the response curves (AUC) were calculated. The 95% ethanol extract of T. officinale and Orlistat, inhibited, porcine pancreatic lipase activity by 86.3% and 95.7% at a concentration of 250 microg/ml, respectively. T. officinale extract showed dose-dependent inhibition with the IC50 of 78.2 microg/ml. A single oral dose of the extract significantly inhibited increases in plasma triglyceride levels at 90 and 180 min and reduced AUC of plasma triglyceride response curve (p<0.05). The results indicate that T. officinale exhibits inhibitory activities against pancreatic lipase in vitro and in vivo. Further studies to elucidate anti-obesity effects of chronic consumption of T. officinale and to identify the active components responsible for inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase are necessary.


Subject(s)
Animals , Area Under Curve , Corn Oil , Ethanol , Hymecromone , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Lactones , Lipase , Mice , Obesity , Oleic Acid , Plasma , Taraxacum
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