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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248877

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study clinical effects of PHILOS (proximal humeral internal locking system) plates through mini-open deltoid-splitting approach for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2006 to August 2010, 22 patients with proximal humeral fractures were treated with PHILOS plates through mini-open deltoid-splitting approach. According to Neer classification, 6 cases were type II, 15 cases were type III and 1 case was type IV. Through the anterolateral approach to the shoulder, anterolateral vertical incision of 4 cm length was perforrmed from 1 cm under acromion, and separated deltoideus muscle vertically to touch the fracture,reduced the end of fracture directly and indirectly. PHILOS plate was inserted downward into anterolateral surface of humerus through deltoideus muscle, the distal end and proximal end was fixed by locking screws. The Neer score for shoulder function was evaluated within 1 year after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operative time ranged from 30 to 70 minutes with an average of 45 minutes. No blood transfusion was required during the operation, and all incisions healed in stage I. All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 6 to 18 months with a mean time of 12.5 months. All the fractures healed up perfectly, and the union time ranged from 6 to 12 weeks. According to Neer criteria for shoulder joint function, 10 patients got an excellent result, 9 good, 2 poor and 1 bad. There were no complications such as axillary nerve injuries, screw loosening, steel plate breakage, dislocation of shoulder joint and necrosis of humeral bone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PHILOS plate through mini-open deltoid-splittin approach for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures has follow advantages: simple recover,minor-injuries and small tissue invasion, which is an ideal method to treat proximal humeral fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
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