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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and accuracy of Renaissance robot navigation system in minimally invasive surgery for thoracolumbar fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with thoracolumbar fracture who underwent posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. And the patients were divided into robot group and artificial group. Robot navigation assisted screw placement was used in robot group, and traditional unarmed screw placement was used in artificial group. There were 20 patients in robot group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 23 to 69 years old with an average of(45.05±11.81)years old, one case was T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, 6 cases were L2 and 1 case was L3. There were 20 patients in artificial group, including 11 males and 9 females, aged from 26 to 65 years old with an average of(43.40±11.22)years old, 2 cases were T11 fractures, 7 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, and 1 case was L3. The numbers of fluoroscopy, operation time and intraoperative blood loss were observed. The screw position was evaluated by Neo method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 126 screws were implanted in robot group and 124 screws were implanted in artificial group. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss were(115.75±14.26) min, (7.95±0.89) times and (132.50±29.36) ml in robot group and (129.50±10.50) min, (14.40±2.56) times and(182.50±23.14) ml in artificial group, respectively, there was significant difference between the groups(P<0.05). According to Neo classification method, there were 122 screws at grade 0, 4 screws at grade 1 in robot group, and there were 108 screws at grade 0, 9 screws at grade 1 and 7 screws at grade 2 in artificial group. The accuracy of the robot group was better than that of artificial group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with free hand screw placement, Renaissance robot navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, reduce the number of fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss, thereby improving the safety of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698373

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the development of 3D printing technology, organ and tissue construction can be achieved by constructing a three-dimensional scaffold that is conducive to cell growth. OBJECTIVE: To solve the scaffold over-accumulation during 3D printing.METHODS: Fluent, a finite element analysis software developed by ANSYS Company in the United States, was used to analyze the extrusion process of print heads and to obtain suitable viscosity and extrusion pressure of materials for the 3D printing of cellulose gel composites. We then compared simulation results with experimental results. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The error between simulation results and experimental results was less than 5%. The simulated values at a kinetic viscosity of 45 and a pressure of 0.10-0.12 MPa solved the phenomenon of over-accumulation of cellulose gel composites during the 3D printing process, ensuring enough space for the 3D printed scaffold.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733181

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for diagnosing chromosome aneuploid abnormality diseases.Methods Seven hundred and thirty cases of prenatal samples were tested with MLPA detection and by G-band karyotype analysis.If the findings from the samples were different by two methods,they were then detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).The sensitivity,specificity and positive predictive value of MLPA were calculated.Results There were 709 normal euploidies,12 cases of Down syndrome,4 cases of Eswards syndrome,1 case of Patau syndrome,1 case of Turner syndrome,1 case of 47,XXX,1 case of 47,XYY,1 case of 46,XY/47,XY + 21.The sensitivity,specificity and positive predictive value of MLPA were respectively 95%,100% and 100%,respectively.Conclusion MLPA is a rapid and efficient method for analyzing aneuploids and has the good value of clinical applications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361059

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effect of atlantoaxial pedicle screw internal fixation for treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen patients with atlantoaxial dislocation were treated from Dec. 2005 to June 2007, included 10 males and 6 females, aged from 38 to 45 years old (means 40.5 years). Among them 12 patients combined with nerve injury, according to ASIA grade: there were 3 cases in grade B, 5 cases in grade C, 4 cases in grade D. All patients received preoperative CT, radiograph and skull traction. Intraoperative posterior approach general spine pedicle screw-rod orthopaedics fixation system used and iliac bone block were implanted in space of posterior atlantal arch and axial vertebral plate. The outcome and complications were observed in the near future.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no vascular or neural injury found. The patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (means 18 months). All head pain, acid storm symptoms were improved after operation. According to the Odom's clinical efficacy evaluation standard, 12 cases were excellent, 4 were good. Eleven cases of 12 with nerve injury recovered significantly. By ASIA classification: 1 cases was in grade B, 2 cases were in grade C, 5 cases were in grade D, 4 cases were in grade E. No looseness or breakage of screw occurred. Bony fusion was achieved in all cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior approach atlantoaxial pedicle screw internal fixation have the advantages of direct screw placement, short-segment fusion, intraoperative reduction, fixation reliable, high fusion rate, and it can restablish the upper cervical vertebrae stability and help to recover the spinal cord and nerve function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263759

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To approach the clinical curative effect of treatment of the disease of vertebral column by the arc-track private lock pedicle orthopedics fixation system (ALPF II).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-six cases were treated by useing ALPF II. The average age of the cases was 36.8 years (range from 18 to 69 years),the male was 39 cases and the female was 37 cases. The results were evaluated and all the cases were followed-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed-up for 9 to 30 months. The amelioration of patients nerve function,spinal motion, low back pain and leg pain was 94.1%, 65.9%, 92.1% and 87.4% respectively. The height of anterior and posterior border after operation were improved greatly than that before operation (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The X-ray films showed that the angle of kyphosis was also improved significantly (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>To treat spinal column disease, ALPF II is a kind of operation safety simple, easy control, reset good, curative effect credibility, the complications little of treatment method.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Internal Fixators , Male , Middle Aged , Orthopedic Fixation Devices , Spinal Diseases , General Surgery
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229830

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the SEDL gene mutation in a Chinese family with X-linked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDL) and to establish a genotyping assay for rapid diagnosis of this X-linked recessive disorder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical diagnoses were made based on physical examination, radiological examination and pedigree analysis for this family. Four primer pairs flanking the SEDL exons 3-6 including their exon/intron boundaries were designed. A rapid genotyping assay based on denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) was established to screen the point mutations of the SEDL gene. Genomic DNA was extracted by standard methods from 18 members in the three generations of the pedigree and subjected to PCR-denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (PCR-DHPLC) assay followed by direct DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A c.218C>T mutation in exon 4 of the SEDL gene, which resulted in a substitution of serine 218 with leucine, was identified in this family. Among the 18 members, 3 patients, 5 obligate female carriers and 2 unmarried young females were found to have the missense mutation, and other 8 healthy individuals were not detected to carry the mutation, in which genotype-phenotype correlations were well established in each member investigated in this family.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A c.218C>T missense mutation in the SEDL gene was firstly reported in Chinese population and the results of this study expand the spectrum of SEDL mutations. The PCR-DHPLC assay is a useful tool to rapidly detect the SEDL mutation in clinical and prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Asians , Genetics , Base Sequence , Child , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Genetics , Family , Female , Genes, X-Linked , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Male , Membrane Transport Proteins , Genetics , Mutation, Missense , Osteochondrodysplasias , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription Factors , Genetics
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