Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 35
Filter
1.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 103-107, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874058

ABSTRACT

Background@#Despite significant technological advances in the implantable pulse generator (IPG), complications can still occur. We report a case that unexpected extrusion of the IPG of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) was promptly identified and successfully removed without any complications. Case: After a car accident 4 years ago, a 55-year-old man who was diagnosed with complex local pain syndrome in his right leg. The SCS was inserted with 2 leads, with the IPG being implanted in the right lower abdomen region. Four years later, he developed extrusion of the IPG from his abdominal region. This unexpected extrusion may have been related to pressure necrosis caused by continued compression of pocket site where a belt was frequently tied. The IPG and the leads were successfully removed without infection occurring. @*Conclusions@#To prevent unexpected extrusion of IPG, it is necessary to consider in advance whether the pocket site is pressed against the belt.

2.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 5-10, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836566

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to investigate celiac plexus neurolysis (CPN) for the treatment of cancerous upper abdominal pain in a tertiary university hospital in Korea. @*Methods@#At the tertiary university hospital in Korea, electronic medical records of cancer patients who underwent CPN and died in the hospital from November 2009 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. @*Results@#The total number of subjects was 51. The 17 patients were from the Department of Gastroenterology (33.0%), followed by 11 patients from the Department of Hemato-oncology (21.6%), 11 patients from the Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (21.6%), 9 patients from the Department of General Surgery (17.6%). The diagnosis was pancreatic cancer in 15 patients (29.4%), stomach cancer in 8 patients (15.7%), hepatobiliary cancer in 20 patients (39.2%), colon cancer in 1 patient (2.0%), esophageal cancer in 2 patient (3.9%) and intra-abdominal metastasis in 5 patients (9.8%). The mean survival time after the surgery was 66.4±55.0 days. The pain intensity before and 1 week after the procedure significantly decreased, but the amounts of opioids consumed before and 1 week after the procedure were not statistically significant. Side effects occurred after the procedure including temporary localized pain in 24 patients (47.0%), hypotension in 12 (23.5%), and diarrhea in 6 (11.8%). @*Conclusion@#CPN is an effective and safe procedure for reducing upper abdominal pain caused by cancer, and it is necessary to perform CPN within the appropriate time by establishing a system of interdepartmental cooperation.

3.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 195-202, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835678

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nasotracheal intubation is the most commonly used method to secure the field of view when performing surgery on the oral cavity or neck. Like orotracheal intubation, nasotracheal intubation uses a laryngoscope. Hemodynamic change occurs due to the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. Recently, video laryngoscope with a camera attached to the end of the direct laryngoscope blade has been used to minimize this change. In this study, we investigated the optimal effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil for minimizing hemodynamic responses during nasotracheal intubation with a video laryngoscope. @*Methods@#Twenty-one patients, aged between 19 and 60 years old, scheduled for elective surgery were included in this study. Anesthesia was induced by slowly injecting propofol. At the same time, remifentanil infusion was initiated at 3.0 ng/ml via target-controlled infusion (TCI). When remifentanil attained the preset Ce, nasotracheal intubation was performed using a video laryngoscope. The patient's blood pressure and heart rate were checked pre-induction, right before and after intubation, and 1 min after intubation. Hemodynamic stability was defined as an increase in systolic blood pressure and heart rate by 20% before and after nasotracheal intubation. The response of each patient determined the Ce of remifentanil for the next patient at an interval of 0.3 ng/ml. @*Results@#The Ce of remifentanil administered ranged from 2.4 to 3.6 ng/ml for the patients evaluated. The estimated optimal effective effect-site concentrations of remifentanil were 3.22 and 4.25 ng/ml, that were associated with a 50% and 95% probability of maintaining hemodynamic stability, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Nasotracheal intubation using a video laryngoscope can be successfully performed in a hemodynamically stable state by using the optimal remifentanil effect-site concentration (Ce50 , 3.22 ng/ml; Ce95 , 4.25 ng/ml).

4.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 74-82, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762688

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Colon perfusion status is one of the most important factors for the determination of postoperative anastomotic complications. Colonic hypoperfusion can be induced by inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation in some patients. This study aimed to evaluate atherosclerotic risk assessment and vascular parameters of CT angiography as predictors of colonic hypoperfusion. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital and included 46 rectosigmoid colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic anterior resection between August 2013 to July 2014. Atherosclerotic risk scores were assessed using the Framingham cardiovascular risk score system. The IMA length, branching pattern, atherosclerotic calcification, and intermesenteric artery and mesenteric vascular diameters were evaluated using CT angiography. Mesenteric marginal artery pressures were measured before and after IMA clamping. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) index was calculated by dividing the mesenteric marginal MAP into the systemic MAP to determine the mesenteric hypoperfusion status after IMA clamping. A critically low MAP index was defined as <0.4. RESULTS: Critically low MAP index (<0.4) was observed in 6 cases (13.0%) after IMA clamping. Atherosclerotic calcification of the IMA and superior mesenteric artery occurred in 11 (23.9%) and 5 patients (10.9%), respectively. Low MAP index was associated with high atherosclerotic risk score and short IMA length, rather than atherosclerotic calcification and other vascular parameters of the major mesenteric arteries. Multivariate analysis indicated that high atherosclerotic risk and short IMA length were independent predictors of critically low MAP index. CONCLUSION: Atherosclerotic risk assessment and IMA length were useful predictors of the mesenteric hypoperfusion status following IMA ligation during laparoscopic rectosigmoid colon surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Arterial Pressure , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Constriction , Ligation , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Multivariate Analysis , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Tertiary Care Centers
5.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 91-99, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740005

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The imbalance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts can lead to pathological conditions such as osteoporosis. It has been reported that opioid adversely affect the skeletal system, but it is inconsistent. Remifentanil is currently used as an adjuvant analgesic drug in general anesthesia and sedation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of remifentanil on the osteoblast differentiation and mechanism involved in this effect. METHODS: The C2C12 cells (mouse pluripotent mesenchymal cell line) were used as preosteoblast. Osteoblastic differentiation potency was determined by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. C2C12 cell migration by remifentanil was evaluated using Boyden chamber migration assay. The expression of Runx2 and osterix was evaluated by RT-PCT and western blot analysis to investigate the mechanism involved in remifentanil-mediated osteoblast differentiation. RESULTS: ALP staining showed that remifentanil increased significantly osteoblast differentiation. In Boyden chamber migration assay, C2C12 cell migration was increased by remifentanil. RT-PCR and western blot analysis showed that the expression of Runx2 and osterix was upregulated by remifentanil. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that remifentanil increased osteoblast differentiation in vitro by upregulation of Runx2 and osterix expression. Therefore, remifentanil has the potential for assisting with bone formation and bone healing.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Anesthesia, General , Blotting, Western , Cell Movement , In Vitro Techniques , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis , Up-Regulation
6.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 343-351, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor and miscarriage may occur in stressful situations, such as a surgical operation or infection during pregnancy. Pharyngeal and buccal abscess and facial bone fractures are inevitable dental surgeries in pregnant patients. Remifentanil is an opioid analgesic that is commonly used for general anesthesia and sedation. Nonetheless, no study has investigated the effects of remifentanil on amniotic epithelial cells. This study evaluated the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to uterine contraction and its mechanism of action on amniotic epithelial cells.METHODS: Amniotic epithelial cells were preconditioned at various concentrations of remifentanil for 1 h, followed by 24-h lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. MTT assays were performed to assess the cell viability in each group. The effects of remifentanil on factors related to uterine contractions in amniotic epithelial cells were assessed using a nitric oxide (NO) assay, western blot examinations of the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), and RT-PCR examinations of the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α).RESULTS: Remifentanil did not affect viability and nitric oxide production of amniotic epithelial cells. Western blot analysis revealed that remifentanil preconditioning resulted in decreased expressions of NF-κB and PGE2 in the cells in LPS-induced inflammation, and a tendency of decreased COX2 expression. The results were statistically significant only at high concentration. RT-PCR revealed reduced expressions of IL-1β and TNF-α.CONCLUSION: Preconditioning with remifentanil does not affect the viability of amniotic epithelial cells but reduces the expression of factors related to uterine contractions in situations where cell inflammation is induced by LPS, which is an important inducer of preterm labor. These findings provide evidence that remifentanil may inhibit preterm labor in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Spontaneous , Abscess , Anesthesia, General , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Dinoprostone , Epithelial Cells , Facial Bones , Inflammation , Interleukins , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Nitric Oxide , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Uterine Contraction
7.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 375-378, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739985

ABSTRACT

Endotracheal intubation is commonly associated with laryngeal injury that often resolves spontaneously without any complication. However, stenosis or granulomatous lesions are generally found on the tracheal wall or vocal process at the tube cuff level, caused by excessive cuff pressure. We present a case of fatal vocal cord granuloma leading to dyspnea following orthognathic surgery and sustained intubation for 14 hours.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Dyspnea , Granuloma , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Orthognathic Surgery , Vocal Cords
8.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 295-300, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739982

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Removal of the plate following Le Fort I osteotomy and BSSO (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy) is a common procedure. However, patients who undergo plate removal experience intense pain and discomfort. This study investigated the half-maximal effective concentration (Ce50 ) of remifentanil in the prevention of plate removal pain under sedation using dexmedetomidine. METHODS: The study evaluated 18 patients, between 18 and 35 years of age, scheduled for elective surgery. Remifentanil infusion was initiated after sedation using dexmedetomidine, and started at a dose of 1.5 ng/mL on the first patient via target-controlled infusion (TCI). Patients received a loading dose of 1.0 µg/kg dexmedetomidine over 10 min, followed by a maintenance dose of 0.7 µg/kg/h. When the surgeon removed the plate, the patient Modified Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (MOAA/S) score was observed. RESULTS: The Ce of remifentanil ranged from 0.9 to 2.1 ng/mL for the patients evaluated. The estimated effect-site concentrations of remifentanil associated with a 50% and 95% probability of reaching MOAA/S score of 3 were 1.28 and 2.51 ng/mL, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Plate removal of maxilla can be successfully performed without any pain or adverse effects by using the optimal remifentanil effect-site concentration (Ce50 , 1.28 ng/mL; Ce95 , 2.51 ng/mL) combined with sedation using dexmedetomidine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine , Maxilla , Osteotomy
9.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 305-308, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739980

ABSTRACT

An 87-year-old woman was referred for the extraction of residual teeth and removal of tori prior to prosthetic treatment. After surgery under general anesthesia, the surgical tape was removed to detach the bispectral index sensor and the hair cover. After the surgical tape was removed, skin injury occurred on the left side of her face. After epidermis repositioning and ointment application, a dressing was placed over the injury. Her wound was found to have healed completely on follow-up examination. Medical adhesive related skin injury (MARSI) is a complication that can occur after surgery and subjects at the extremes of age with fragile skin are at a higher risk for such injuries. Careful assessment of the risk factors associated with MARSI is an absolute necessity.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Adhesives , Anesthesia, General , Bandages , Epidermis , Follow-Up Studies , Hair , Risk Factors , Skin , Surgical Tape , Tooth , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 9-17, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739949

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The structure and function of bone tissue is maintained through a constant remodeling process, which is maintained by the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The failure of bone remodeling can lead to pathological conditions of bone structure and function. Remifentanil is currently used as a narcotic analgesic agent in general anesthesia and sedation. However, the effect of remifentanil on osteoclasts has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of remifentanil on pre-osteoclast (pre-OCs) differentiation and the mechanism of osteoclast differentiation in the absence of specific stimulus. METHODS: Pre-OCs were obtained by culturing bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) in osteoclastogenic medium for 2 days and then treated with various concentration of remifentanil. The mRNA expression of NFATc1 and c-fos was examined by using real-time PCR. We also examined the effect of remifentanil on the osteoclast-specific genes TRAP, cathepsin K, calcitonin receptor, and DC-STAMP. Finally, we examined the influence of remifentanil on the migration of pre-OCs by using the Boyden chamber assay. RESULTS: Remifentanil increased pre-OC differentiation and osteoclast size, but did not affect the mRNA expression of NFATc1 and c-fos or significantly affect the expression of TRAP, cathepsin K, calcitonin receptor, and DC-STAMP. However, remifentanil increased the migration of pre-OCs. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that remifentanil promotes the differentiation of pre-OCs and induces maturation, such as increasing osteoclast size. In addition, the increase in osteoclast size was mediated by the enhancement of pre-OC migration and cell fusion.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Bone and Bones , Bone Remodeling , Cathepsin K , Cell Differentiation , Cell Fusion , Cell Movement , In Vitro Techniques , Macrophages , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Calcitonin , RNA, Messenger
11.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 96-104, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715144

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is a current definitive treatment for those with end-stage liver disease. Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of hepatic failure, which can be improved and aggravated by various causes. It is important to differentiate hepatic encephalopathy from other diseases causing brain dysfunction such as cerebral hemorrhage, which is also related to high mortality after liver transplant surgery. A 37-year-old patient was presented with acute liver failure and high ammonia levels and seizure-like symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) of his brain showed mild brain atrophy, regarded as a symptom of hepatic encephalopathy, and treated to decrease blood ammonia level. Deceased donor liver transplantation was performed and liver function and ammonia level normalized after surgery, but the patient showed symptoms of involuntary muscle contraction and showed loss of pupil reflex and fixation without recovery of consciousness. Brain CT showed brain edema and bilateral cerebral infarction, and the patient died after a few days. The purpose of this case report is to emphasize the importance of preoperative neurological evaluation, careful transplantation decision, and proper perioperative management of liver transplantation in patients with acute hepatic encephalopathy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Ammonia , Atrophy , Brain , Brain Edema , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Cerebral Infarction , Consciousness , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Liver Diseases , Liver Failure , Liver Failure, Acute , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Mortality , Muscle, Smooth , Pupil , Reflex , Seizures , Tissue Donors
12.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 333-340, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714997

ABSTRACT

Remifentanil is commonly used in operating rooms and intensive care units for the purpose of anesthesia and sedation or analgesia. Although remifentanil may significantly affect the bone regeneration process in patients, there have been few studies to date on the effects of remifentanil on bone physiology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of remifentanil on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were cultured for 4 days in remifentanil concentrations ranging from 0 to 100 ng/ml, macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) alone, or in osteoclastogenic medium to induce the production of mature osteoclasts. To determine the degree of osteoclast maturity, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was performed. RT-PCR and western blotting analyses were used to determine the effect of remifentanil on the signaling pathways involved in osteoclast differentiation and maturation. Bone resorption and migration of BMMs were analyzed to determine the osteoclastic activity. Remifentanil reduced the number and size of osteoclasts and the formation of TRAP-positive multinuclear osteoclasts in a dose-dependent manner. Expression of c-Fos and NFATC1 was most strongly decreased in the presence of RANKL and remifentanil, and the activity of ERK was also inhibited by remifentanil. In the bone resorption assay, remifentanil reduced bone resorption and did not significantly affect cell migration. This study shows that remifentanil inhibits the differentiation and maturation of osteoclasts and reduces bone resorption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acid Phosphatase , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Blotting, Western , Bone Regeneration , Bone Resorption , Cell Movement , Intensive Care Units , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Macrophages , Operating Rooms , Osteoclasts , Physiology
13.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 265-274, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771007

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a complicated procedure with a high incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Previous studies indicate that even transient or mild post-LT AKI can result in critical conditions, including prolonged stays in hospitals and intensive care units and increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and occurrence of AKI in LT recipients. METHODS: Medical data from 203 patients who received LT surgery from January 2010 to August 2016 in a single university hospital setting were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Patients were classified as either underweight (BMI <20 kg/m²) or normal weight (20 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m²). Demographic data, anesthetic methods, complications, and perioperative laboratory test values of each patient were assessed. Propensity analyses and logistic regression were performed to evaluate the association between BMI and post-LT AKI. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in occurrence of post-LT AKI between underweight and normal weight patients. The underweight patient group had significantly longer hospital stay compared with the normal weight patient group (P = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: BMI classification was neither a positive nor negative predictor of postoperative AKI occurrence. However, patients with lower BMI had significantly longer hospital stay compared with their counterparts. Although our study was limited by its retrospective design, our observations suggest that lower BMI might play a role in post-LT AKI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Body Mass Index , Classification , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Logistic Models , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Thinness
14.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 21-28, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76818

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The skin consists of tightly connected keratinocytes, and prevents extensive water loss while simultaneously protecting against the entry of microbial pathogens. Excessive cellular levels of reactive oxygen species can induce cell apoptosis and also damage skin integrity. Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) has antioxidant properties. In this study, we investigated how propofol influences intracellular autophagy and apoptotic cell death induced by oxidative stress in human keratinocytes. METHOD: The following groups were used for experimentation: control, cells were incubated under normoxia (5% CO₂, 21% O₂, and 74% N₂) without propofol; hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂), cells were exposed to H₂O₂ (300 µM) for 2 h; propofol preconditioning (PPC)/H₂O₂, cells pretreated with propofol (100 µM) for 2 h were exposed to H₂O₂; and 3-methyladenine (3-MA)/PPC/H₂O₂, cells pretreated with 3-MA (1 mM) for 1 h and propofol were exposed to H₂O₂. Cell viability, apoptosis, and migration capability were evaluated. Relation to autophagy was detected by western blot analysis. RESULTS: Cell viability decreased significantly in the H₂O₂ group compared to that in the control group and was improved by propofol preconditioning. Propofol preconditioning effectively decreased H₂O₂-induced cell apoptosis and increased cell migration. However, pretreatment with 3-MA inhibited the protective effect of propofol on cell apoptosis. Autophagy was activated in the PPC/H₂O₂ group compared to that in the H₂O₂ group as demonstrated by western blot analysis and autophagosome staining. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that propofol preconditioning induces an endogenous cellular protective effect in human keratinocytes against oxidative stress through the activation of signaling pathways related to autophagy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Blotting, Western , Cell Death , Cell Movement , Cell Survival , Hydrogen Peroxide , Keratinocytes , Methods , Oxidative Stress , Propofol , Reactive Oxygen Species , Skin , Water
15.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 37-46, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76816

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production contributes to cellular dysfunction and initiates the apoptotic cascade. Autophagy is considered the mechanism that decreases ROS concentration and oxidative damage. Propofol shows antioxidant properties, but the mechanisms underlying the effect of propofol preconditioning (PPC) on oxidative injury remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated whether PPC protects against cell damage from hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced oxidative stress and influences cellular autophagy. METHOD: COS-7 cells were randomly divided into the following groups: control, cells were incubated in normoxia (5% CO₂, 21% O₂, and 74% N₂) for 24 h without propofol; H₂O₂, cells were exposed to H₂O₂ (400 µM) for 2 h; PPC + H₂O₂, cells pretreated with propofol were exposed to H₂O₂; and 3-methyladenine (3-MA) + PPC + H₂O₂, cells pretreated with 3-MA (1 mM) for 1 h and propofol were exposed to H₂O₂. Cell viability was determined using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide thiazolyl blue (MTT) reduction. Apoptosis was determined using Hoechst 33342 staining and fluorescence microscopy. The relationship between PPC and autophagy was detected using western blot analysis. RESULTS: Cell viability decreased more significantly in the H₂O₂ group than in the control group, but it was improved by PPC (100 µM). Pretreatment with propofol effectively decreased H₂O₂-induced COS-7 cell apoptosis. However, pretreatment with 3-MA inhibited the protective effect of propofol during apoptosis. Western blot analysis showed that the level of autophagy-related proteins was higher in the PPC + H₂O₂ group than that in the H2O2 group. CONCLUSION: PPC has a protective effect on H₂O₂-induced COS-7 cell apoptosis, which is mediated by autophagy activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , COS Cells , Hydrogen Peroxide , Methods , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Oxidative Stress , Propofol , Reactive Oxygen Species
16.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 133-141, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649872

ABSTRACT

Human dermal fibroblast is essential in wound healing of the skin through the synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins. With respect to oxidative stress, the effects of remifentanil on human dermal fibroblast have received little attention. Therefore, we investigated the effects of remifentanil on the apoptosis and autophagic reaction of human dermal fibroblasts under oxidative stress. The subjects were divided into the following groups: Control group: cells were incubated at 37℃ in a humidified atmosphere with 5% CO₂. Hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) group: cells were exposed to H₂O₂ for 2 h. RPC/H₂O₂ group: cells were pretreated with remifentanil for 2 h and exposed H₂O₂ for 2 h. 3-MA/RPC/H₂O₂ group: cells were pretreated with 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and remifentanil for 1 h and 2 h, respectively. We measured cell viability using MTT assay. Western blot analysis was used to determine the expression levels of proteins associated with apoptosis and autophagy. Quantification of apoptotic cells was performed using flow cytometer analysis, and autophagic vacuoles were observed under a fluorescence microscope. Remifentanil treatment increased the proliferation of human dermal fibroblast and decreased apoptotic cell death, enhancing autophagic activity under oxidative stress. However, 3-MA, the autophagy pathway inhibitor, inhibited the protective effect of remifentanil in oxidative stress. This study demonstrates that remifentanil activated autophagy and decreased apoptotic death of human dermal fibroblasts under oxidative stress. Our results suggest that remifentanil may help in the treatment of oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Atmosphere , Autophagy , Blotting, Western , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Fibroblasts , Fluorescence , Hydrogen Peroxide , Oxidative Stress , Skin , Vacuoles , Wound Healing
17.
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 265-274, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a complicated procedure with a high incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Previous studies indicate that even transient or mild post-LT AKI can result in critical conditions, including prolonged stays in hospitals and intensive care units and increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and occurrence of AKI in LT recipients. METHODS: Medical data from 203 patients who received LT surgery from January 2010 to August 2016 in a single university hospital setting were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Patients were classified as either underweight (BMI <20 kg/m²) or normal weight (20 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m²). Demographic data, anesthetic methods, complications, and perioperative laboratory test values of each patient were assessed. Propensity analyses and logistic regression were performed to evaluate the association between BMI and post-LT AKI. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in occurrence of post-LT AKI between underweight and normal weight patients. The underweight patient group had significantly longer hospital stay compared with the normal weight patient group (P = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: BMI classification was neither a positive nor negative predictor of postoperative AKI occurrence. However, patients with lower BMI had significantly longer hospital stay compared with their counterparts. Although our study was limited by its retrospective design, our observations suggest that lower BMI might play a role in post-LT AKI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Kidney Injury , Body Mass Index , Classification , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Logistic Models , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Thinness
18.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 261-265, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sedation during epidural anesthesia can reduce patients' anxiety and discomfort. Dexmedetomidine has sedative, hypnotic, and analgesic effects, with minimal respiratory depression. However, the use of dexmedetomidine is associated with prolonged recovery. This study investigated the optimal dose of intravenous dexmedetomidine for proper sedation with minimal recovery time in epidural anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty-three patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II) were randomized into two groups. Following epidural anesthesia, a loading dose (1 µg/kg) of dexmedetomidine was administered for 10 min followed by maintenance infusion as follows: Group A (n = 32; dexmedetomidine 0.6 µg/kg/h) and Group B (n = 31; dexmedetomidine 1.0 µg/kg/h). Heart rate, blood pressure, and bispectral index score (BIS) were recorded during surgery. The length of stay and modified Aldrete score (MAS) were measured in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). RESULTS: Length of stay in the PACU was longer in Group B than in Group A (P < 0.05). The MAS was higher in Group A after 30 min in the PACU (P < 0.05). The BIS did not significantly differ between the two groups from baseline to 150 min after infusion of dexmedetomidine. BIS values were significantly higher in Group A at 160 min (P < 0.05). The mean arterial pressure in Group B was significantly lower in the PACU. CONCLUSIONS: Length of stay in the PACU was longer in Group B than in Group A (P < 0.05). The MAS was higher in Group A after 30 min in the PACU (P < 0.05). The BIS did not significantly differ between the two groups from baseline to 150 min after infusion of dexmedetomidine. BIS values were significantly higher in Group A at 160 min (P < 0.05). The mean arterial pressure in Group B was significantly lower in the PACU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anxiety , Arterial Pressure , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blood Pressure , Dexmedetomidine , Heart Rate , Length of Stay , Respiratory Insufficiency
19.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 263-271, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone injury is common in many clinical situations, such as surgery or trauma. During surgery, excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production decreases the quality and quantity of osteoblasts. Remifentanil decreases ROS production, reducing oxidative stress and the inflammatory response. We investigated remifentanil's protective effects against H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress in osteoblasts. METHODS: To investigate the effect of remifentanil on human fetal osteoblast (hFOB) cells, the cells were incubated with 1 ng/ml of remifentanil for 2 h before exposure to H2O2. For induction of oxidative stress, hFOB cells were then treated with 200 µM H₂O₂ for 2 h. To evaluate the effect on autophagy, a separate group of cells were incubated with 1 mM 3-methyladenine (3-MA) before treatment with remifentanil and H₂O₂. Cell viability and apoptotic cell death were determined via MTT assay and Hoechst staining, respectively. Mineralized matrix formation was visualized using alizarin red S staining. Western blot analysis was used to determine the expression levels of bone-related genes. RESULTS: Cell viability and mineralized matrix formation increased on remifentanil pretreatment before exposure to H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress. As determined via western blot analysis, remifentanil pretreatment increased the expression of bone-related genes (Col I, BMP-2, osterix, and TGF-β). However , pretreatment with 3-MA before exposure to remifentanil and H₂O₂ inhibited remifentanil's protective effects on hFOB cells during oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that remifentanil prevents oxidative damage in hFOB cells via a mechanism that may be highly related to autophagy. Further clinical studies are required to investigate its potential as a therapeutic agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Blotting, Western , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Miners , Osteoblasts , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
20.
Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 295-302, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species play critical roles in homeostasis and cell signaling. Dexmedetomidine, a specific agonist of the α₂-adrenoceptor, has been commonly used for sedation, and it has been reported to have a protective effect against oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated whether dexmedetomidine has a protective effect against H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress and the mechanism of H₂O₂-induced cell death in normal human fetal osteoblast (hFOB) cells. METHODS: Cells were divided into three groups: control group—cells were incubated in normoxia without dexmedetomidine, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) group—cells were exposed to H₂O₂ (200 µM) for 2 h, and Dex/H₂O₂ group—cells were pretreated with dexmedetomidine (5 µM) for 2 h then exposed to H₂O₂ (200 µM) for 2 h. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated. Osteoblast maturation was determined by assaying bone nodular mineralization. Expression levels of bone-related proteins were determined by western blot. RESULTS: Cell viability was significantly decreased in the H₂O₂ group compared with the control group, and this effect was improved by dexmedetomidine. The Hoechst 33342 and Annexin-V FITC/PI staining revealed that dexmedetomidine effectively decreased H₂O₂-induced hFOB cell apoptosis. Dexmedetomidine enhanced the mineralization of hFOB cells when compared to the H₂O₂ group. In western blot analysis, bone-related protein was increased in the Dex/H₂O₂ group. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the potential therapeutic value of dexmedetomidine in H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress by inhibiting apoptosis and enhancing osteoblast activity. Additionally, the current investigation could be evidence to support the antioxidant potential of dexmedetomidine in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Dexmedetomidine , Homeostasis , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Miners , Osteoblasts , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL