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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influencing factors of low back pain and the relationship of the influence of bad working posture, weight load and frequency of load and the dose-response relationship among the occupational workers of key industries in China. METHODS: A total of 57 501 employees from 15 key industries in China were selected as research subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The occurrence of low back pain in the past one year, as well as occupational factors such as job type, labor organization and work posture were investigated by using the Chinese version Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China was 16.4%(9 448/57 501). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low back pain in females was higher than that in males(P<0.01). Married, obese, occasional and frequent smokers, and a history of lower back disease were associated with increased risk of low back pain(all P<0.05). The risk of low back pain was associated with older age, higher education level, and lower frequency of physical exercise(all P<0.01). The risk of low back pain was higher with longer working time, greater back curvature, and the high frequency of long standing and sitting position work, uncomfortable working posture, repeated operation per minute, and lifting>5 kg weight(all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The influencing factors of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China include bad working posture, high frequency load, weight load and other individual factors. There is a dose-response relationship with low back posture load and frequency of load.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Circ_cgga162 in serum of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients and analyze its potential as a prognostic biomarker.@*METHODS@#The expression of Circ_cgga162 in 86 cases of mantle cell lymphoma and 50 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (RH) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between the expression of Circ_cgga162 and clinicopathological features was analyzed by univariate analysis. The relationship of Circ_cgga162 expression with progression-free survival time and overall survival time was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. The relationship between expression of Circ_cgga162 and prognosis of patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of Circ_cgga162 in MCL patients was significantly higher than that in control (RH) group (P<0.01). The expression of Circ_cgga162 not correlated with age, gender, B symptoms and LDH (all P>0.05), but correlated with the expression of MCL International Prognostic Index (IPI), Ann Arbor stage, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 (all P<0.05). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the progression-free survival time and overall survival time of the MCL patients with high expression of Circ_cgga162 were significantly shorter than those of the MCL patients with low expression (P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression, MIPI, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 were the prognostic factors for MCL patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression and MIPI were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MCL patients (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_cgga162 is highly expressed in serum of patients MCL, which relates with the prognosis of MCL patients. Circ_cgga162 can be used as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for MCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , RNA, Circular , Genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301459

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the correlation between olfactory bulb (OB) volume with depth of olfactory sulcus (OS) and olfactory function in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients with iRBD and fifty controls were assessed with polysomnography (PSG). The results of olfactory function T & T testing, OB volume and depth of OS assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were compared. SPSS 11.0 software was used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>T & T olfactory testing revealed that iRBD patients had higher scores (3.1 ± 0.5) than those in controls (0.6 ± 0.1), and the difference was significant (t = 7.913, P < 0.05). Both men and women with iRBD were affected by the same extent of olfactory loss (t = 1.015, P > 0.05). OB volume of left side in iRBD patients was (33.75 ± 4.11) mm(3), right side was (34.57 ± 4.21) mm(3), average OB volume was (33.94 ± 4.15) mm(3); OB volume of left side in controls was (51.68 ± 7.71) mm(3), right side was (52.31 ± 7.77) mm(3), average OB volume was (51.94 ± 7.74) mm(3); OB volume were lower in iRBD patients as compared to controls (t value were 9.013, 8.889 and 8.923, all P < 0.01). OS depth study revealed no statistical difference between iRBD patients and controls (t value were 0.923, 0.897 and 0.904, all P > 0.05). Olfactory discriminate threshold was negatively correlated with OB volume in iRBD patients (r = -0.61, P < 0.05), but no correlated with depth of OS (r = -0.24, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The OB volume was lower in iRBD patients as compared to controls. The depth of OS showed no significant changes in iRBD patients. The OB volume was correlated with olfactory function, while the depth of OS was no correlated with olfactory function.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Olfaction Disorders , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Olfactory Bulb , Polysomnography , REM Sleep Behavior Disorder , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Smell
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242786

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of pneumoconiosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China from 2006 to 2009.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Statistical analysis was performed on the types, populations, ages, and geographic distribution of the pneumoconiosis cases in Ningxia from 2006 to 2010, as reported in China Information System for Diseases Control and Prevention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 625 new cases of pneumoconiosis (4 death cases) occurred throughout Ningxia from 2006 to 2010. Of the new cases, 538 (86.1%) suffered stage I pneumoconiosis, 70 (11.2%) stage II pneumoconiosis, and 17 (2.72%) stage III pneumoconiosis. Silicosis and coal-workers' pneumoconiosis were the dominant types of pneumoconiosis, accounting for 97.44% (609/625) of all cases. Of the 625 cases, 557 (89.12%) were distributed in Shizuishan City, and 563 (90.08%) were engaged in coal and metallurgical industries. Most cases were in the 35-year-old group and 45-year-old group, and the lengths of dust-exposed service mostly ranged from 10 to 29 years.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In Ningxia, pneumoconiosis control should focus in the state-owned, middle-sized coal enterprises in Shizuishan City. Health surveillance should be enhanced in the workers with more than 10 years of dust-exposed service or aged more than 35 years, so as to reduce the incidence of occupational diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anthracosis , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases , Epidemiology , Pneumoconiosis , Epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339236

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (GER).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-six patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) underwent polysomnography (PSG) and nocturnal distal esophageal pH monitoring, to assess the prevalence of GER in OSAHS patients. Among these patients, thirty-two OSAHS patients with GER disease had been operated on. Surgical treatment included uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), inferior turbinate reduction, nasal septoplasty et al. After 6 months of surgical treatment, the PSG and pH probe testing were rechecked. The pre and post operative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), micro-arousal index (MAI), lowest artery oxygen saturation (LSaO2), acidified index of distal esophagus (pHI) and percentage of acid contact time of esophagus were compared. The correlation analysis was also employed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AHI of 76 OSAHS patients was (38.6 +/- 29.5)/h (average +/- s), GER was present in 48 patients (63.2 %). The pre and post operative AHI, MAI, LSaO2, pHI and percentage of ACT in 32 OSAHS patients associated with GER were (51.2 +/- 23.1)/h and (17.3 +/- 10.3)/h, (38.3 +/- 21.4 )/h and (14.5 +/- 10.0)/h, 0.698 +/- 0.107 and 0.858 +/- 0.076, (12.5 +/- 6.6)/h and (6.3 +/- 4.2)/h, (10.3 +/- 5.2)% and (4.5 +/- 2.9)%. The differences were statistically significant by matching t test (t were 10.95, 7.82, 15.97, 6.12, 7.62 respectively, P < 0.001). There were positive relationships between the reductions of AHI, MAI and the reductions of pHI (r were 0.775, 0.764, P < 0.001). The improved levels of AHI and MAI were correlated with the reduction of the percentage of ACT (r were 0.607, 0.730, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GER is prevalent in OSAHS patients. Surgical treatment of OSAHS has significant reduction in AHI, MAI as well as marked improvement in the GER, which suggests that nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux is correlated with the disorder of sleep respiration and the sleep disturbances.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270760

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the aerodynamic characteristics of low-resistance Groningen voice prosthesis for total laryngectomees and the related clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three aerodynamic parameters were measured in 24 laryngectomees implanted with low-resistance Groningen voice prosthesis: the sound pressure level (SPL), intratracheal pressure (pressure) and airflow rate (flowrate). Among them, 6 cases were initially implanted with other prosthesis which was replaced by the Groningen buttons later. The parameters were measured for both old and new prosthesis. The relationship between the variables were computed with means of Pearson' s product-moment correlations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The parameters were measured repeatedly among all cases, 180 group data were collected. Screening test showed that the median of sound pressure level, intratracheal pressure and airflow rate are respectively 88.0 dB, 73.6 cm H2O (1 cm H2O = 0.098 kPa) and 123.2 ml/s. Thirty times measurement of patients phonation showed that the correlation between SPL and pressure was not significant (r = -0.058, P > 0.05). The relationship between flow rate and SPL was not significant(r = -0.119, P > 0.05). The correlation between pressure and flow rate was significant(r = 0.699, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS When pseudoglottis vibration is produced by sub pseudoglottis air flow, pseudoglottis vibration and voice loudness can not be increased by continuous air flow.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Kinetics , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Rehabilitation , Larynx, Artificial , Male , Middle Aged , Prosthesis Design , Speech Articulation Tests , Speech, Alaryngeal
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298790

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of iatrogenic functional aphonia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty three patients who either lost their voice or only could whisper after surgery in other hospitals were included in this study as the first group, history was well collected and laryngostroboscopy performed. All cases were confirmed as iatrogenic functional aphonia patients and received phonation therapy. In another group of patients who received vocal cord surgery in our hospital from 2003 to 2005, speaking was restricted while not prohibited after surgery, voice quality was closely observed, and 1028 cases were included.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 23 cases of functional aphonia were cured with phonation therapy. No iatrogenic functional aphonia occurred in the second group of patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The iatrogenic functional aphonia can be caused by post operative mistreatment and could be cured with phonation therapy, and it is preventable if speaking is not strictly prohibited after surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aphonia , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Iatrogenic Disease , Male , Middle Aged
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