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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918841

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic panniculitis is a rare skin complication in which subcutaneous fat necrosis occurs in association with pancreatic disorders, most commonly acute or chronic pancreatitis. Erythematous subcutaneous nodules develop on the legs and spontaneously ulcerate or exude an oily substance. A 32-year-old Korean female patient presented with a 2-week-history of tender nodules with erythematous crusts on her left shin. She had a history of alcoholic liver cirrhosis and, 5 weeks earlier, had been diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. The histopathologic findings from a skin biopsy were consistent with lobular panniculitis, without signs of vasculitis, and diffuse fat necrosis. Basophilic calcium deposits were present in the dermis and subcutaneous fat. These findings were suggestive of pancreatic panniculitis. The skin lesion had a chronic course corresponding to repeated exacerbations of the patient’s pancreatitis. Thus, in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous nodules, clinicians should consider pancreatic panniculitis as a cutaneous manifestation of pancreatic disease.

2.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 144-145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918831

ABSTRACT

no abstract available

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917635

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nickel is one of the leading causes of allergic contact dermatitis. Positive patch tests for nickel suggest the possibility of persistent dermatitis from nickel-plated item usage and nickel-containing food ingestion. Previous studies have suggested the clinical improvement of dermatitis in such patients after a nickel-restricted diet. @*Objective@#This retrospective study aimed to assess the efficacy of nickel-restricted diets in nickel-sensitized patients and evaluate their adherence to nickel-restricted diets. @*Methods@#A review of the records of nickel-sensitized patients from June 1, 2018 to April 30, 2020 with positive patch tests for nickel was conducted. Patients were interviewed in May 2020 to assess the current status of dermatitis and self-reported adherence. @*Results@#A total of 245 patients were identified, and 100 patients were contacted. The degree of nickel sensitivity between patients with localized skin lesions (n=44) and generalized skin lesions (n=56) did not show difference. Twenty-four of 29 patients (82.8%) with good compliance showed improvement, while only 32 of 71 patients (45.1%) with poor compliance showed improvement. The percentage of improved patients in the group with good compliance and that in the group with poor compliance showed a statistically significant difference (p=0.00086). Of the patients with good compliance, those with localized skin lesions showed statistically significant improvement (p=0.0074). @*Conclusion@#To improve patient compliance, revised, simplified, and interventional guidelines for nickel-restricted diet should be implemented along with dermatologists’ encouragement and reassurance of a diet modification.

4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 497-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913456

ABSTRACT

Background@#In 2015, the Korean Atopic Dermatitis Association (KADA) working group published consensus guidelines for treating atopic dermatitis (AD). @*Objective@#We aimed to provide updated consensus recommendations for systemic treatment of AD in South Korea based on recent evidence and experience. @*Methods@#We compiled a database of references from relevant systematic reviews and guidelines on the systemic management of AD. Evidence for each statement was graded and classified based on thestrength of the recommendation. Forty-two council members from the KADA participated in three rounds of voting to establish a consensus on expert recommendations. @*Results@#We do not recommend long-term treatment with systemic steroids forpatients with moderate-to-severe AD due to the risk of adverse effects. We recommend treatment with cyclosporine or dupilumab and selective treatment with methotrexate or azathioprine for patients with moderate-to-severe AD. We suggest treatment with antihistamines as an option for alleviating clinical symptoms of AD. We recommend selective treatment with narrowband ultraviolet B for patients with chronic moderate-to-severe AD. We do not recommend treatment with oral antibiotics for patients with moderate-to-severe AD but who have no signs of infection. We did not reach a consensus on recommendations for treatment with allergen-specific immunotherapy, probiotics, evening primrose oil, orvitamin D for patients with moderate-to-severe AD. We also recommend educational interventions and counselling for patients with AD and caregivers to improve the treatment success rate. @*Conclusion@#We look forward to implementing a new and updated consensus of systemic therapy in controlling patients with moderate-to-severe AD.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832728

ABSTRACT

Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a rare chronic granulomatous disease of oral mucosa and maxillofacial region that clinically presents recurrent or persistent orofacial swelling. OFG may exist as an integration of the spectrum of various disorders, including Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, granulomatous cheilitis, Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, infectious diseases and delayed hypersensitivity reaction to food additives, dental materials. Precise etiology is not yet to be elucidated. Herein, we report two rare cases of orofacial granulomatosis who presented similar clinical manifestation of lip swelling but was diagnosed as a sarcoidosis and as a granulomatous cheilitis.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832693

ABSTRACT

Background@#Korean standard series (KSS) have not changed for 20 years. Moreover, the Korea Food and Drug Administration has suspended import licensing of Cosmetic series (ChemotechniqueⓇ). Objective: To analyze trends in the positive rates of allergens in patch test using KSS and present a literature review on the comparison of the results those of European baseline series (EBS) and North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG) screening series. @*Methods@#Epidemiologic findings and the positive rate of KSS allergens were analyzed from patients who visited the Department of Dermatology in Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital between 1998 and 2018. Literature reviews were conducted on the comparison of the results with those of the 2015∼2016 NACDG, 2013∼2014 ESSCA, and standard antigens in K-camp. @*Results@#The positive rates of KSS allergens from 126 patients in 2018 were compared with those from 184 patients during 1998 to 2007. The top 3 allergens in the two study periods were common; nickel sulfate, cobalt chloride, and potassium dichromate. Remarkably, the positive rates for balsam of Peru and paraben mix increased from 7.1% to 17.5% and from 2.7% to 7.9%, respectively. As compared with the results of NACDG standard series and EBS, KSS lacked fragrance and cosmetic series of allergens, especially fragrance mix II, methyldibromoglutaronitrile, and methylisothiazolinone, and epoxy series of allergens. @*Conclusion@#Our results, especially the increasing trends of balsam of Peru and paraben mix, would be further confirmed in a multicenter study. Additionally, in view of the increase in fragrance and preservative allergens, KSS would need the addition of related allergens.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888911

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and requires high-intensity treatment; therefore, patients experience deteriorations in quality of life and medication-associated complications. During the last decade, there have been major advances in the pharmacological treatment of CSU and there is an outstanding need for evidence-based guidelines that reflect clinical practice in Korea. The guidelines reported here represent a joint initiative of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Dermatological Association, and aim to provide evidence-based guidance for the management of CSU in Korean adults and children. In Part 1, disease definition, guideline scope and development methodology as well as evidence-based recommendations on the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids are summarized.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896615

ABSTRACT

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is defined as the occurrence of spontaneous wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks in the absence of specific causes. It is a common condition associated with substantial disease burden both for affected individuals and societies in many countries, including Korea. CSU frequently persists for several years and requires high-intensity treatment; therefore, patients experience deteriorations in quality of life and medication-associated complications. During the last decade, there have been major advances in the pharmacological treatment of CSU and there is an outstanding need for evidence-based guidelines that reflect clinical practice in Korea. The guidelines reported here represent a joint initiative of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Dermatological Association, and aim to provide evidence-based guidance for the management of CSU in Korean adults and children. In Part 1, disease definition, guideline scope and development methodology as well as evidence-based recommendations on the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids are summarized.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786281

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Serial (staged) excision of congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) is an important treatment option for medium-sized CMN. However, few studies have investigated the outcomes of serial excision in detail.OBJECTIVE: We report our experience regarding serial excision of CMN, including methods to effectively reduce the procedural stages and scar length.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with CMN treated between 2008 and 2015; 33 patients (7 men and 26 women) underwent serial excision.RESULTS: The CMN were located on the face (n=11), arms (n=6), legs (n=11), and other areas of the body (n=11), including the back (n=2), chest (n=1), deltoid region (n=1), and buttocks (n=1). The mean CMN area was 19.7 cm². The mean number of surgical stages was 2.2. The mean interval between surgeries was 10.6 months. A marginal S-shaped incision along both edges of the nevus was preferred over elliptical excision, to reduce scarring. Pulsed dye, erbium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet (YAG), neodymium-doped:YAG, and carbon dioxide fractional lasers were used to improve the final outcomes and minimize scarring.CONCLUSION: Serial excision is an effective treatment option associated with greater patient satisfaction, particularly for medium-sized and hairy CMN. Conventional elliptical serial excision is associated with the formation of elongated scars and sacrifices normal skin adjacent to the lesion. The marginal S-shaped incision reduces scarring by dispersing mechanical tension on the scar without skin wastage. Compared with the elliptical excision method, the marginal S-shaped incision reduces the number of surgical stages and results in a cosmetically superior scar. Performing a marginal S-shaped incision is technically challenging in certain anatomical locations, such as the eyes, nose, and mouth. Therefore, it is necessary to combine this procedure with erbium:YAG and neodymium-doped:YAG ablation.


Subject(s)
Arm , Buttocks , Carbon Dioxide , Cicatrix , Dermatologic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Leg , Male , Medical Records , Methods , Mouth , Nevus , Nevus, Pigmented , Nose , Patient Satisfaction , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Thorax
12.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 414-419, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762357

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Herbs have been used worldwide as complementary and alternative medicines. In Korea, herbs for medical purpose are strictly controlled by the Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA). But it does not provide standards for metal antigens. OBJECTIVE: This study conducted to identify the metal contents of Korean herbs and herbal products and to give information on counselling metal allergic patient. METHODS: The concentration of three metal allergens with high antigenicity, cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) was quantitatively determined using inductively coupled plasma with a mass spectrometer after nitric acid (HNO₃) digestion. The herbal objects are as follows: 1) ten kinds of herb plants, 2) ten herbal products sold in Korean drugstores, and 3) ten herbal extracts prescribed by Korean herbal doctors. RESULTS: In 30 samples, Ni and Cr were detected in all items. Co was not detected in two drugstore products. CONCLUSION: Although the levels of metal detected in this study were very low relative to international guidelines and KFDA regulations, the herbal preparations contained similar or higher metal levels than known metal-rich foods. It can cause problems when it added to the daily diet and cause deterioration of skin lesions of metal sensitized person.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Chromium , Cobalt , Complementary Therapies , Dermatitis , Diet , Digestion , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Korea , Metals , Nickel , Nitric Acid , Plant Preparations , Plasma , Skin , Social Control, Formal , United States Food and Drug Administration
13.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 465-467, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716497

ABSTRACT

Mucinous nevus is an uncommon entity classified as either a cutaneous mucinosis or a connective tissue nevus. The condition presents as grouped papules and coalescent plaques growing in a unilateral or zosteriform manner. The key histopathological feature is a band-like deposition of mucin in the superficial dermis. A 34-year-old male presented with grouped gray-brown papules and confluent plaques exhibiting a zosteriform distribution on the right side of the lower back. The lesions had commenced in childhood. Histological examination revealed mucin deposition in the papillary dermis. Thus, we diagnosed a mucinous nevus. To date, only a few reports of such nevi have been reported in the literature. Therefore we report a rare case of mucinous nevus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Connective Tissue , Dermis , Humans , Male , Mucinoses , Mucins , Nevus
14.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 342-344, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715489

ABSTRACT

Acquired brachial cutaneous dyschromatosis (ABCD) is an acquired disorder of pigmentary change that presents as chronic, asymptomatic, geographic-shaped, gray-brown patches, consisting of mixed hyper and hypopigmented macules on the dorsal aspect of the forearms. We report a case of a 40-year-old male who presented with asymptomatic, multiple brown-colored macules on the outer aspects of both arms. He had no history of hypertension and had never taken angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. He also denied chronic sun exposure history. Histologic examination demonstrated epidermal atrophy, increased basal layer pigmentation, and several telangiectatic vessels in the upper dermis. Solar elastosis was not remarkable. The patient's clinical and histopathologic features were consistent with a diagnosis of ABCD. Poikiloderma of Civatte, melasma, acquired bilateral telangiectatic macules and other pigmentary disorders should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ABCD. Herein, we report a case of ABCD in a middle-aged male without hypertension and medication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Arm , Atrophy , Dermis , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Forearm , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Melanosis , Middle Aged , Pigmentation , Pigmentation Disorders , Solar System
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Drug eruptions are common in hospitalized patients. Rapid and accurate diagnosis is essential but often difficult. OBJECTIVE: This study defined the clinical features and causative drugs among inpatients presenting with drug eruptions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and laboratory data of inpatients who sought consultations with the Dermatology Department for a diagnosis of drug eruptions. RESULTS: A total of 228 patients were diagnosed with drug eruptions, and this study included 139 patients. The highest incidence of drug eruptions was observed in patients in their 50s (22.3%). The most common latent period was up to 1 week (57.6%). The most common drug eruptions were exanthematous eruptions (59.7%), acneiform eruptions (10.8%), and urticaria (9.3%). The most common causative drugs were antibiotics (53.2%), followed by anticancer drugs (19.4%), and contrast media (6.5%). Laboratory abnormalities included eosinophilia (15.8%), abnormal liver function tests (7.9%), leukopenia (4.3%), an elevated serum creatinine level (2.2%), and leukocytosis (0.7%). CONCLUSION: In descending order, the most frequent drug eruptions were exanthematous eruptions, acneiform eruptions, and urticaria, and the most common causative drugs were antibiotics, anticancer agents, and contrast media. Prompt diagnosis and discontinuation of the causative drug are important in this context. Clinicians should be aware of cutaneous adverse drug reactions.


Subject(s)
Acneiform Eruptions , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antineoplastic Agents , Contrast Media , Creatinine , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Drug Eruptions , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Eosinophilia , Humans , Incidence , Inpatients , Leukocytosis , Leukopenia , Liver Function Tests , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Urticaria
17.
18.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 273-274, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215155

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179628

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chromium is one of the most common metal allergens that cause allergic contact dermatitis. European regulation of chromium (VI) content in cement was first implemented in 2005, and regulation of chromium in leather in 2015. OBJECTIVE: This clinical study was performed to obtain basic data on subjects with allergic contact dermatitis due to chromium in Korea. We investigated the clinical characteristics of patients with chromium allergy among subjects with contact dermatitis who underwent patch tests. METHODS: Patch test data from June 1998 to January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed (n=975; men=290, women=685). Patients who showed positive reactions to potassium dichromate (chromium [+] group; n=58) and who showed positive reactions to other allergens except potassium dichromate (others [+] group; n=497) were identified and the characteristics of both groups were compared. Patients who only reacted to chromium (only chromium group; n=17) were identified, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The prevalence of chromium allergy was analyzed in each 4-year period to study the changes over time. RESULTS: The sensitization rate of potassium dichromate was 5.9% (n=58) and women comprised 72.4% (n=42) of the chromium (+) group. Hands and feet were more frequently affected in the chromium (+) group (p=0.002 and 0.019, respectively). Occupational dermatitis was significantly less common in the chromium (+) group. Chromium allergy was the most prevalent in patients in their 50s (8.4%). The only chromium group had significantly more number of patients aged 40 years or older (p=0.004). The prevalence of chromium allergy was 13.5% during 1998~2002, but decreased to 5.4% during 2010~2014. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of patients with chromium allergy suggests that chromium exposure in daily activities, including leather exposure, is more relevant than occupational exposure for most patients. The prevalence of chromium allergy has been decreasing in Korea, which may be an effect of voluntary regulation of chromium content in cement by manufacturers.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Chromium , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Dermatitis, Contact , Dermatitis, Occupational , Female , Foot , Hand , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Korea , Occupational Exposure , Patch Tests , Potassium Dichromate , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 548-554, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59036

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The role of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling pathway in the development of acral melanoma has recently gained evidence. Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), one of the key molecules in the pathway, acts as a tumor suppressor through either an Akt-dependent or Akt-independent pathway. Akt accelerates degradation of p53. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the expression of PTEN, phospho-Akt (p-Akt), and p53 by immunohistochemistry in benign acral nevi, acral dysplastic nevi, and acral melanomas in the radial growth phase and with a vertical growth component. METHODS: Ten specimens in each group were included. Paraffin-embedded specimens were immunostained with antibodies for PTEN, p-Akt, and p53. We scored both the staining intensity and the proportion of positive cells. The final score was calculated by multiplying the intensity score by the proportion score. RESULTS: All specimens of benign acral nevi except one showed some degree of PTEN-negative cells. The numbers of p-Akt and p53-positive cells were higher in acral dysplastic nevi and melanoma than in benign nevi. P-Akt scores were 1.7, 1.8, 2.6, and 4.4, and p53 scores were 2.0, 2.1, 3.8, and 4.1 in each group. PTEN and p-Akt scores in advanced acral melanoma were higher than in the other neoplasms. CONCLUSION: The expression of PTEN was decreased and the expression of p-Akt was increased in acral melanoma, especially in advanced cases. The PTEN-induced pathway appears to affect the late stage of melanomagenesis. Altered expression of p-Akt is thought to be due to secondary changes following the loss of PTEN.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome , Immunohistochemistry , Melanoma , Nevus , Phosphotransferases
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