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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889748

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who have undergone gastrectomy have unique symptoms that are not appropriately assessed using currently available tools. This study developed and validated a symptom-focused quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients who have received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods Based on a literature review, patient interviews, and expert consultation by the KOrean QUality of life in Stomach cancer patients Study group (KOQUSS), the initial item pool was developed. Two large-scale developmental studies were then sequentially conducted for exploratory factor analyses for content validity and item reduction. The final item pool was validated in a separate cohort of patients and assessed for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and clinical validity. @*Results@#The initial questionnaire consisted of 46-items in 12 domains. Data from 465 patients at 11 institutions, followed by 499 patients at 13 institutions, were used to conduct item reduction and exploratory factor analyses. The final questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) comprised 40 items within 11 domains. Validation of KOQUSS-40 was conducted on 413 patients from 12 hospitals. KOQUSS-40 was found to have good model fit. The mean summary score of the KOQUSS-40 was correlated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and STO22 (correlation coefficients, 0.821 and 0.778, respectively). The KOQUSS-40 score was also correlated with clinical factors, and had acceptable internal consistency (> 0.7). Test-retest reliability was greater than 0.8. Conclusion The KOQUSS-40 can be used to assess QoL of gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy and allows for a robust comparison of surgical techniques in clinical trials.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900796

ABSTRACT

A helical blade type of hip screw is used widely for the operative management of femoral trochanteric fractures. A 73-year-old female patient was admitted for femoral trochanteric fracture AO/OTA type 31A2.2. A helical blade locking sleeve dissembled 18 weeks after surgery did not achieve accurate reduction. The patient underwent bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty because the fracture reduction was lost, and it was impossible to remove the remaining helical blade without bone loss. The authors report this case of a rare complication of helical blade.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897452

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who have undergone gastrectomy have unique symptoms that are not appropriately assessed using currently available tools. This study developed and validated a symptom-focused quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients who have received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods Based on a literature review, patient interviews, and expert consultation by the KOrean QUality of life in Stomach cancer patients Study group (KOQUSS), the initial item pool was developed. Two large-scale developmental studies were then sequentially conducted for exploratory factor analyses for content validity and item reduction. The final item pool was validated in a separate cohort of patients and assessed for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and clinical validity. @*Results@#The initial questionnaire consisted of 46-items in 12 domains. Data from 465 patients at 11 institutions, followed by 499 patients at 13 institutions, were used to conduct item reduction and exploratory factor analyses. The final questionnaire (KOQUSS-40) comprised 40 items within 11 domains. Validation of KOQUSS-40 was conducted on 413 patients from 12 hospitals. KOQUSS-40 was found to have good model fit. The mean summary score of the KOQUSS-40 was correlated with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and STO22 (correlation coefficients, 0.821 and 0.778, respectively). The KOQUSS-40 score was also correlated with clinical factors, and had acceptable internal consistency (> 0.7). Test-retest reliability was greater than 0.8. Conclusion The KOQUSS-40 can be used to assess QoL of gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy and allows for a robust comparison of surgical techniques in clinical trials.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893092

ABSTRACT

A helical blade type of hip screw is used widely for the operative management of femoral trochanteric fractures. A 73-year-old female patient was admitted for femoral trochanteric fracture AO/OTA type 31A2.2. A helical blade locking sleeve dissembled 18 weeks after surgery did not achieve accurate reduction. The patient underwent bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty because the fracture reduction was lost, and it was impossible to remove the remaining helical blade without bone loss. The authors report this case of a rare complication of helical blade.

5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919961

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study examined the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in reducing postoperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty by comparing the methods of administration between an intravenous group, topical group, and non-tranexamic acid group. @*Materials and Methods@#This was a retrospective case series study of patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty from March 2017 to February 2019 performed by a single surgeon. The study population was divided into three groups according to the method of tranexamic acid administration (Group I: intravenous group, Group II: topical group, Group III: non-tranexamic acid group). To evaluate the effectiveness of tranexamic acids, the total amount of postoperative blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin loss, and volume of red blood cell transfusion in the three groups were compared. @*Results@#The total amount of postoperative blood loss was lower in the tranexamic acid administered group than in the non-tranexamic acid group (1,366±866 ml). Among the administration methods, the intravenous group (987±449 ml) was significantly lower than the topical group (1,136±339 ml) (p=0.004). Postoperative hemoglobin loss was lower in the tranexamic acid group than the non-tranexamic acid group.Among the administration methods, the intravenous group was lower than the topical group. The transfusion rate was higher in the nontranexamic acid group (5.7%) than the tranexamic administered group. The transfusion rate of the intravenous group was 1.4%, and no patient required a transfusion postoperatively in the topical group. The number of postoperative thromboembolic events, as a complication of tranexamic acid, was similar in the three groups. @*Conclusion@#Tranexamic acid was effective in reducing postoperative blood loss after primary total knee arthroplasty compared to the nontranexamic acid administered group. No significant difference in the complications induced by tranexamic acid was observed among the three groups.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832817

ABSTRACT

Chlorfenapyr is widely used as an insecticide, despite it being fatal to humans. However, chlorfenapyr- induced central nervous system toxicity has rarely been reported. We report the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a rare case of chlorfenapyr-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy. A 71-year-old man who had ingested chlorfenapyr approximately two weeks prior visited our hospital and presented with bilateral lower motor weakness and voiding dysfunction that had developed two days before admission. Brain MRI revealed extensive bilateral white matter abnormalities involving the corpus callosum, internal capsule, brain stem, and bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle. Furthermore, spine MRI revealed diffuse swelling and hyperintensity on the T2-weighted images.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832793

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery aneurysm is a rare disease. It occurs in the epicardial space, mostly along the course of major coronary arteries. Here, we report a case of a giant incidental aneurysm embedded in the basal posterior wall of the left ventricle. A 43-year-old woman was referred to our institution for the evaluation of cardiac palpitations that had been present from the previous 2 months. She reported no medical history (such as Kawasaki's disease or hypertension) or previous operative history. Echocardiogram and subsequent cardiac CT revealed a giant aneurysm in the left ventricle, with a direct fistulous connection to a dilated and tortuous left circumflex artery, which showed direct communication with the straight right coronary artery.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889268

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the changes in body composition (BC) and quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. @*Methods@#BC data using segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and QoL data from the EORTC (European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer) gathered via QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22 questionnaires were obtained from 300 patients preoperatively and at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery. In total, 114 patients underwent total gastrectomy (TG group) and 186 underwent distal gastrectomy (DG group). @*Results@#According to BC analysis, at 3 years postoperatively, the average body weight (P = 0.002), protein mass (P = 0.028), body fat mass (P = 0.009), skeletal muscle mass (P = 0.037), and visceral fat area (P = 0.012) was significantly decreased in the TG group than in the DG group compared to the preoperative. In the QLQ-C30, physical functioning (P = 0.001), role functioning (P = 0.013), and fatigue (P = 0.005) showed significantly worse QoL in the TG group than in the DG group at 2 and 3 years postoperatively. In the QLQ-STO22, pain (P = 0.001), reflux symptoms (P = 0.009), eating restrictions (P = 0.001), anxiety (P = 0.008), taste (P = 0.011), and body image (P = 0.014) showed greater continuous deterioration postoperatively in the TG group than in the DG group. @*Conclusion@#Persistent deterioration of BC and QoL is a serious concern following total gastrectomy. Long-term management of BC is required after gastrectomy and efforts should be made to improve the QoL in patients as soon as possible, postoperatively.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901261

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of hyperglycemia-related osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) with focus on the imaging findings. A 61-year-old man with diabetes was admitted for general weakness and severe thirst. A few days later, he complained of dysarthria, dysphasia, and dysmetria. Laboratory examinations showed significant hyperglycemia, but normal electrolyte levels. Brain MRI revealed T2-signal abnormalities that were symmetrical, non-space occupying, and located in the central pons with a peripheral sparing pattern, which were suggestive of ODS. In addition, subsequent MRI revealed progression of signal hyperintensity; however, the patient's symptoms improved.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896972

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the changes in body composition (BC) and quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. @*Methods@#BC data using segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and QoL data from the EORTC (European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer) gathered via QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22 questionnaires were obtained from 300 patients preoperatively and at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery. In total, 114 patients underwent total gastrectomy (TG group) and 186 underwent distal gastrectomy (DG group). @*Results@#According to BC analysis, at 3 years postoperatively, the average body weight (P = 0.002), protein mass (P = 0.028), body fat mass (P = 0.009), skeletal muscle mass (P = 0.037), and visceral fat area (P = 0.012) was significantly decreased in the TG group than in the DG group compared to the preoperative. In the QLQ-C30, physical functioning (P = 0.001), role functioning (P = 0.013), and fatigue (P = 0.005) showed significantly worse QoL in the TG group than in the DG group at 2 and 3 years postoperatively. In the QLQ-STO22, pain (P = 0.001), reflux symptoms (P = 0.009), eating restrictions (P = 0.001), anxiety (P = 0.008), taste (P = 0.011), and body image (P = 0.014) showed greater continuous deterioration postoperatively in the TG group than in the DG group. @*Conclusion@#Persistent deterioration of BC and QoL is a serious concern following total gastrectomy. Long-term management of BC is required after gastrectomy and efforts should be made to improve the QoL in patients as soon as possible, postoperatively.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893557

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of hyperglycemia-related osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) with focus on the imaging findings. A 61-year-old man with diabetes was admitted for general weakness and severe thirst. A few days later, he complained of dysarthria, dysphasia, and dysmetria. Laboratory examinations showed significant hyperglycemia, but normal electrolyte levels. Brain MRI revealed T2-signal abnormalities that were symmetrical, non-space occupying, and located in the central pons with a peripheral sparing pattern, which were suggestive of ODS. In addition, subsequent MRI revealed progression of signal hyperintensity; however, the patient's symptoms improved.

12.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 176-189, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835756

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study evaluated differences and shifting patterns in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of 5-year gastric cancer survivors after either a distal subtotal gastrectomy (DSG) or total gastrectomy (TG). @*Materials and Methods@#We analyzed the prospectively collected HRQoL data of 528 patients who survived 5 years without recurrence using the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life Questionnaire and the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire-Stomach module according to the type of surgery. The purpose was to identify the proportion of patients with deteriorating HRQoL and to assess the clinical significance of these changes. @*Results@#Deteriorating HRQoL was prevalent in both groups, including a large proportion of the DSG group. Decreased overall health status and scores on several function scales were less in the DSG group, while increases on the symptom scales were higher in the TG group. For most of the scales, gaps in HRQoL during the early postoperative period did not merge within the 5 years. Scores on the diarrhea and body image scales revealed “moderate changes” in both groups. @*Conclusions@#During the 5-year period after surgery, the TG group suffered from inferior HRQoL compared to the DSG group. However, a large proportion of the DSG group also suffered HRQoL deterioration. In general, the TG group experienced more HRQoL decline, with diarrhea and body image being the major concerns for both groups. To improve HRQoL after gastrectomy, patients must be better informed about post-gastrectomy symptoms. These symptoms must be vigorously investigated, and medical interventions should be available parallel to nutritional support. Favorable evidence of function-preserving gastrectomy should be established and disseminated to improve the HRQoL of early gastric cancer patients.

13.
Immune Network ; : e25-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835460

ABSTRACT

Acinetobacter baumannii is known for its multidrug antibiotic resistance. New approaches to treating drug-resistant bacterial infections are urgently required. Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) is a murine antimicrobial peptide that exerts diverse immune functions, including both direct bacterial cell killing and immunomodulatory effects. In this study, we sought to identify the role of CRAMP in the host immune response to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Wild-type (WT) and CRAMP knockout mice were infected intranasally with the bacteria. CRAMP−/− mice exhibited increased bacterial colony-forming units (CFUs) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid after A. baumannii infection compared to WT mice. The loss of CRAMP expression resulted in a significant decrease in the recruitment of immune cells, primarily neutrophils. The levels of IL-6 and CXCL1 were lower, whereas the levels of IL-10 were significantly higher in the BAL fluid of CRAMP−/− mice compared to WT mice 1 day after infection. In an in vitro assay using thioglycollate-induced peritoneal neutrophils, the ability of bacterial phagocytosis and killing was impaired in CRAMP−/− neutrophils compared to the WT cells. CRAMP was also essential for the production of cytokines and chemokines in response to A. baumannii in neutrophils. In addition, the A. baumannii-induced inhibitor of κB-α degradation and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK were impaired in CRAMP−/− neutrophils, whereas ERK and JNK phosphorylation was upregulated. Our results indicate that CRAMP plays an important role in the host defense against pulmonary infection with A. baumannii by promoting the antibacterial activity of neutrophils and regulating the innate immune responses.

14.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 278-289, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764501

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phase angle obtained using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) provides a relatively precise assessment of the nutritional status of elderly patients. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of phase angle as a risk factor for complications after gastrectomy in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 210 elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer between August 2016 and August 2017. The phase angle cutoff value was calculated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis according to sex. A retrospective analysis regarding the correlation between early postoperative complications and well-known risk factors, including the phase angle, was performed. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of two or more comorbidities (odds ratio [OR], 3.675) and hypoalbuminemia (OR, 4.059) were independent risk factors for overall complications, and female sex (OR, 2.993) was independent risk factor for severe complications. A low phase angle (OR, 2.901 and 4.348, respectively) and total gastrectomy (OR, 4.718 and 3.473, respectively) were independent risk factors for both overall and severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that preoperative low phase angle predicts the risk of overall and severe complications. Our findings suggest that BIA should be performed to assess the risk of postoperative complications in elderly patients with gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Comorbidity , Electric Impedance , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Multivariate Analysis , Nutritional Status , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Stomach Neoplasms
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766387

ABSTRACT

Elevated high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome are considered important predictors of cardiovascular mortality. This study examined the influence of the alcohol consumption level on the hs-CRP level and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in South Koreans. The study subjects were 3,884 participants (≥19 years) from the KNHANES in 2015. The subjects were divided into four groups according to their alcohol consumption; None (none-alcohol consumption), Low (less than 15 g/day), Medium (15~29.9 g/day), and High (over than 30 g/day). The odds ratio for high-risk hs-CRP of men was significantly lower in the Low or Medium groups compared to the None group. In women, the odds ratio for high-risk hs-CRP was not decreased in the Low or Medium groups but was significantly higher in the High group than in the None group. Compared to nondrinkers, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was lower in the Low group and Medium group in both men and women, whereas it was significantly higher in the High group in men only. In particular, the prevalence of low HDL-cholesterol was lower in all drinking groups. When the confounding factors were adjusted, the odds ratio for low HDL-cholesterol appeared to decline in the Low groups in both men and women. On the other hand, in the Medium group, women showed an elevated odds ratios of high blood pressure (HBP) and high fasting plasma glucose but men showed an elevated odds ratios of HBP and high triglyceride levels. The overall results suggest that low alcohol consumption is more appropriate than medium alcohol consumption. Nevertheless, more study will be needed to evaluate the appropriate alcohol consumption level.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Blood Glucose , C-Reactive Protein , Drinking , Fasting , Female , Hand , Humans , Hypertension , Male , Mortality , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Triglycerides
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762675

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Long-term results following bariatric surgery compared to conventional treatments has never been reported in morbidly obese Korean patients. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese Korean patients compared to conventional medical treatments. METHODS: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, we reviewed 137 obese subjects between January 2008 and February 2011 with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m2 who had more than 5 years of follow-up clinical data after bariatric surgery (surgery group, n = 49) or conventional treatment (conventional treatment group, n = 88). Anthropometric data and the status of comorbidities were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 72.1 months (range 19.3–109.7 months). At the last follow-up, the surgery group showed a greater amount of total weight loss than the conventional treatment group (24.9% vs. 2.8%, P < 0.001). The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension significantly decreased in the surgery group, while the conventional treatment group showed a marked increase in these comorbidities. In the surgery group, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy achieved comparable long-term weight loss (26.5% vs. 22.4%, respectively; P = 0.087). CONCLUSION: In the long-term, bariatric surgery achieved and maintained significantly greater weight reduction, as well as a decrease in obesity-related comorbidities, than did conventional medical therapy in morbidly obese Korean patients.


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Hypertension , Obesity, Morbid , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Weight Loss
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739587

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated changes in quality of life (QoL) in relation to changes in body mass index (BMI) after gastrectomy. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of postoperative changes in BMI on QoL after distal gastrectomy in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: QoL data from the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) gathered via the QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22 questionnaires were obtained from 1,036 patients preoperatively and at 1 year postoperatively. The patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 - decreased postoperative BMI and group 2 - unchanged or increased postoperative BMI. RESULTS: There were 577 patients in group 1 and 459 in group 2. According to global health status and functional scales, emotional functioning (P = 0.035) was significantly worse in group 1 than in group 2 at 1 year postoperatively. Furthermore, there were significant decreases in QoL symptom scale scores, including fatigue (P = 0.016), nausea and vomiting (P = 0.002), and appetite loss (P = 0.001) scores, in group 1 compared with group 2. Regarding QLQ-STO22, reflux symptoms (P = 0.020), anxiety (P = 0.003), and body image (P = 0.003) were significantly worse in group 1 than in group 2 at 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: BMI changes after distal gastrectomy influence QoL. Focus on controlling gastrointestinal symptoms and providing psychological support is essential in patients with decreased BMI after surgery. Patients should be offered follow-up care to assist them in maintaining BMI, for example, through dietary-behavior modifications and via intensive nutritional support, to prevent QoL deterioration after distal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Appetite , Body Image , Body Mass Index , Fatigue , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Global Health , Humans , Nausea , Nutritional Support , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms , Vomiting , Weights and Measures
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916832

ABSTRACT

Cerebral air embolism is a rare, potentially catastrophic iatrogenic complication of central venous catheter removal. Cerebral air embolism can lead to serious neurological sequelae, resulting from cerebral infarction. Early radiological diagnosis of cerebral air embolism is critical for emergent hyperbaric oxygen treatment. In this study, we report the case of a 68-year-old man who developed cerebral air embolism after the removal of a central venous catheter that was immediately diagnosed using brain CT and brain diffusion-weighted imaging.

19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765777

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The information committee of the Korean Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (KSMBS) performed the nationwide survey of bariatric and metabolic operations to report IFSO (International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders) worldwide survey annually. This study aimed to report the trends of bariatric and metabolic surgery in Korea in 2014–2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the accumulated nationwide survey data conducted for annual ISFO survey from 2014 to 2017. Trends such as the number of operations by hospital type and the number of operations by surgical method were analyzed. RESULTS: The number of operations has decreased sharply in 2015 comparing to 2014 (913⇒550). The number of operations performed in private hospitals dropped sharply from 529 to 250, 198, and 103 cases. The number of revisional surgeries increased to 223 in 2015. The primary surgery number fell from 757 in 2014 to 327 in 2015. In primary surgery, sleeve gastrectomy was gradually increased from 2014 to 143 (18.9%), 105 (32.1%), 167 (47.2%) and 200 (56.3%) and became the most frequently performed surgery. On the other hand, the incidence of adjustable gastric band decreased gradually from 439 (58.0%) to 117 (35.8%), 112 (31.6%) and 59 (16.6%). CONCLUSION: The overall number of obesity metabolic operations has decreased since 2014, especially the number of adjustable gastric band, and the number of operations in private hospitals declined sharply. On the other hand, the number of operations in university hospitals did not change much, and the number of sleeve gastrectomy increased.


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , Gastrectomy , Hand , Hospitals, Private , Hospitals, University , Incidence , Korea , Methods , Obesity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765773

ABSTRACT

Bariatric surgery has evolved from the surgical measure to treat morbid obesity into the epochal remedy to treat metabolic syndrome as a whole, which is represented by type 2 diabetes. Numerous clinical trials have unanimously advocated bariatric or metabolic surgery over the non-surgical interventions, demonstrating markedly superior metabolic outcomes not only in morbidly obese patients who satisfy traditional criteria for bariatric surgery (body mass index [BMI] >35kg/m²) but also in less obese or even in simply overweight patients. Nevertheless, not all the diabetic patients can achieve the most desirable outcomes, that is, diabetes remission, after metabolic surgery and candidates for metabolic surgery should be selected carefully based on the comprehensive preoperative assessment of the risk-benefit ratio. Predictors for diabetes remission after metabolic surgery can be largely classified into 2 groups based the mechanism of action; 1) indices for the preserved pancreatic beta-cell function, such as younger age, shorter duration of diabetes, and higher C-peptide level, and 2) those represent the potential reserve for reduction in insulin resistance, such as higher baseline BMI, and visceral fat area. Several prediction models for diabetes remission have been suggested by merging these predictors to guide clinicians and patients' joint decision-making process. Among them, 3 models, DiaRem, ABCD, and Individualized Metabolic Surgery (IMS) scores provide intuitive scoring systems which can be simply utilized in the routine clinical practice and have been validated in the independent external cohort. These prediction models need further validation in the various different ethnicities to ensure the universal applicability.


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , C-Peptide , Cohort Studies , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Joints , Obesity, Morbid , Overweight
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