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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 705-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986198

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: 353 cases with PBC who visited the Liver Disease Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2000 and January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into the past HBV infection group (156 cases) and the no HBV infection group (197 cases). The two groups' baseline clinical features were compared. Ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, and long-term liver transplantation-free survival rate were compared through outpatient and telephone follow-up. Results: PBC with past HBV infection had a significantly reduced female proportion compared to the no HBV infection group (91.9% vs. 79.5%, P = 0.001). However, there were no statistically significant differences in age, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, platelet count, cirrhosis proportion, and others. Ursodeoxycholic acid biochemical response rate was reduced in patients with past HBV infection at the end of one year of treatment, but the difference was not statistically significant (65.8% vs. 78.2%, P = 0.068). In addition, there were no statistically significant differences between the GLOBE score (0.57 vs. 0.59, P = 0.26) and UK-PBC 5-year (2.87% vs. 2.87%, P = 0.38), 10-year (9.29% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.39) and 15-year liver transplantation rates (16.6% vs. 14.73%, P = 0.39). Lastly, the overall 5-year liver transplantation-free survival rate had no statistically significant difference between the two groups of patients (86.4% vs. 87.5%, P = 0.796). Conclusion: Primary biliary cholangitis had no discernible effect in terms of age at onset, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, cirrhosis proportion, ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, or overall liver transplantation-free survival rate in patients with past hepatitis B virus infections.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 698-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand ten-year changes in clinical characteristics and antiviral treatment patterns of chronic hepatitis B in China. Methods: Patients with chronic HBV infection:demographic, virologic, hematologic, blood biochemistry, and antiviral treatment data were extracted from the China Registry of Hepatitis B (CR-HepB) database between 2012 and 2022 for descriptive statistics and change trend analysis. Multiple group comparisons were conducted using the Kruskal Wallis H test, while counting data was compared between groups using χ (2) test. Results: A total of 180 012 patients with chronic HBV infection were included, with a median age of 40 years old, and a male proportion accounting for 60.2%. The HBeAg positive rate was 43.3%. Over time, the median age of new patients each year increased from 39 to 47 years, while the HBeAg positive rate decreased from 51.3% to 32.8%. The initial diagnosis of patients was mainly CHB (71.4%), followed by hepatitis B cirrhosis (11.8%), inactive HBsAg carrier status (10.6%), and chronic HBV carrier status (6.2%). Among the newly registered patients every year from 2012 to 2022, the proportion of hepatitis B cirrhosis remained stable, but after 2019, the proportion of CHB increased and the proportion of other diagnoses decreased. The proportion of patients with cirrhosis increased with age in different age groups, with 3.5%, 19.3%, and 30.4% in the < 40, 40-69, and≥70 age groups, respectively. The proportion of women in patients with cirrhosis also increased with age, from 16.1% in those < 30 years old to 44.3% in those≥80 years old. From 2012 to 2022, the proportion of patients receiving first-line nucleos(t)ide analog antiviral treatment increased year by year, from 51.0% in 2012-2013 to 99.8% in 2022. Conclusion: The CR-HepB registration data reflect the changes in clinical characteristics and antiviral treatment patterns in patients with chronic HBV infection in China over the past ten years and can thus provide a reference to promote hepatitis B diagnosis and treatment practice, as well as scientific research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis A , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , China/epidemiology , Registries , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , DNA, Viral
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 692-697, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986196

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the occurrence of recompensation conditions in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis after entecavir antiviral therapy. Methods: Patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis with ascites as the initial manifestation were prospectively enrolled. Patients who received entecavir treatment for 120 weeks and were followed up every 24 weeks (including clinical endpoint events, hematological and imaging indicators, and others) were calculated for recompensation rates according to the Baveno VII criteria. Measurement data were compared using the Student t-test or Mann-Whitney U test between groups. Categorical data were compared by the χ (2) test or Fisher's exact probability method between groups. Results: 283 of the 320 enrolled cases completed the 120-week follow-up, and 92.2% (261/283) achieved a virological response (HBV DNA 20 IU/ml). Child-Pugh and MELD scores were significantly improved after treatment (8.33 ± 1.90 vs. 5.77 ± 1.37, t = 12.70, P < 0.001; 13.37 ± 4.44 vs. 10.45 ± 4.58, t = 5.963, P < 0.001). During the 120-week follow-up period, 14 cases died, two received liver transplants, 19 developed hepatocellular cancer, 11 developed gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, and four developed hepatic encephalopathy. 60.4% (171/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months) and 56.2% (159/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months and improved liver function) of the patients had achieved clinical recompensation within 120 weeks. Patients with baseline MELD scores > 15 after active antiviral therapy achieved higher recompensation than patients with baseline MELD scores ≤15 [50/74 (67.6%) vs. 109/209 (52.2%), χ (2) = 5.275, P = 0.029]. Conclusion: Antiviral therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis. The majority of patients (56.2%) had achieved recompensation. Patients with severe disease did not have a lower probability of recompensation at baseline than other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hepatitis B/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 385-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986142

ABSTRACT

Chinese Society of Hepatology and Chinese Society of Infectious Diseases, Chinese Medical Association update the guidelines for the prevention and treatment of chronic hepatitis B (version 2022) in 2022. The latest guidelines recommend more extensive screening and more active antiviral treating for hepatitis B virus infection. This article interprets the essential updates in the guidelines to help deepen understanding and better guide the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B virus , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Gastroenterology
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 362-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935955

ABSTRACT

The liver is abundant in blood supply and receives 25% of the cardiac output via the hepatic artery and portal vein. Circulatory disorders may cause hepatic injury, resulting in congestive hepatopathy(CH) and ischemic hepatitis(IH). Hepatic congestion arising from increased hepatic venous pressure and decreased cardiac output is the common pathophysiological basis of both CH and IH. In addition, extensive arteriovenous shunts affect portal pressure and cardiac function, leading to alterations of hepatic blood supply. The current review summarizes the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and therapeutic interventions of the above diseases, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hepatic Artery , Liver , Liver Diseases , Portal Pressure , Portal Vein
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 357-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935954

ABSTRACT

Connective tissue disease (CTD) are closely related to liver abnormality. CTD can affect the liver causing various degrees of liver injury, coexist with other liver diseases, especially autoimmune liver disease (ALD). Medications for CTD can also lead to liver injury or reactivate the hepatitis B virus. CTD patients can also be positive for ALD-related autoantibodies without corresponding manifestation; and vis versa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis should be made on integrating clinical presentation, laboratory, imaging, and histological studies, not solely relying on autoantibody positivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Connective Tissue Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Liver
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 352-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935953

ABSTRACT

As a secondary endocrine organ, the liver is closely related to the endocrine system. Liver involvement is not uncommon in endocrine diseases, such as hyper/hypothyroidism, diabetes, dysfunction of adrenal and gonadal. It can be manifested in a variety of forms, including hepatocyte injury (elevated transaminase), bile duct injury (cholestasis), hepatocyte steatosis, vascular injury and liver tumor. Direct and indirect liver injury caused by abnormal hormone levels and side effects of drugs for the treatment of endocrine diseases are common pathogenesis. In addition, endocrine diseases can be concomitant with liver diseases, such as autoimmune thyroiditis and autoimmune hepatitis. Systemic diseases can also involve the endocrine system and liver at the same time, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and IgG4 related diseases. For patients with unexplained liver injury, endocrine system diseases should be considered as the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholestasis/pathology , Endocrine System Diseases/pathology , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/pathology , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 347-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935952

ABSTRACT

Liver involvement is often observed in hematological disorders, resulting in liver abnormality, including unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, monoclonal hyperglobulinemia, portal vein, or hepatic vein thrombosis or portal hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, or iron accumulation in the liver. Here we summarize the major hematological diseases that often affect the liver: hemolytic anemia, defect in coagulation or anti-coagulation factors, myeloproliferative neoplasm, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, multiple myeloma, leukemia, and lymphoma. We hope this review will help clinicians diagnose and manage the patients with liver involvement by hematological disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematologic Diseases , Hypertension, Portal , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis , Portal Vein/pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 345-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935951

ABSTRACT

Liver have complex functions with a high workload. Various liver diseases are the result of the interaction of diverse genetic and environmental factors. Moreover, other systemic diseases may also affect liver, producing corresponding manifestations, such as abnormal liver function tests, portal vein or hepatic vein thrombosis, portal hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly and liver space-occupying lesions. Therefore, it is extremely important for hepatologists to have an in-depth understanding of other systemic diseases of hepatic manifestations, especially hematologic, connective tissue, endocrine, and circulatory, in order to improve the level of clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Portal Vein/pathology
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 1-3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935902

ABSTRACT

The Chinese Journal of Hepatology has a 2020 core impact factor of 1.807, which position it first among the periodicals of gastroenterology. The China Association for Science and Technology classified it as T1 grade and included in the catalogue of high-level scientific and technological periodicals. Since 2021, it has received the special publishing fund of the Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Press and Publications, the High-quality Scientific and Technological Periodicals Funding Project of Chongqing Association for Science and Technology, and the Industry-university-research Cooperation and Collaborative Education Project of the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China and won many awards such as "Sichuan-Chongqing First-class Scientific and Technological Periodical" and "Chongqing High-quality Scientific and Technological Periodical", thereby ensuring the development of both qualitative and quantitative effects. Therefore, in 2022, we will work on attracting high-impact research reports, disseminate the academic results timely, efficiently and accurately, highlight the role of digital communication, and pave the way for the establishment of it as a first-class academic journal.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Gastroenterology , Publishing
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*METHODS@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*CONCLUSION@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803002

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*Methods@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*Results@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*Conclusion@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 295-298, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246691

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To generate a comprehensive clinical profile of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) by systematically reviewing ICP cases managed in our hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The recorded clinical data, including diagnosis, complications, management, and maternal and infant outcomes, of nine ICP cases were collected retrospectively and reviewed systematically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven of the nine total ICP patients presented with pruritus. All nine of the ICP patients showed bile acid level beyond the normal range. ICP complications included gestational hypertension (n = 3), diabetes mellitus (DM, n = 1) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, n = 1), and pre-eclampsia (n = 1). The infant of one patient with severe ICP showed meconium-stained liquor. All nine of the ICP patients underwent surgical delivery, of which three were delivered preterm (between the 35th and 36th week of gestation). All mothers' total bile acids declined to normal levels after delivery, and all infants survived without complication.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICP does not increase the puerpera mortality rate and does not represent a poor prognosis for infants. Bile acid levels in the ICP patients, however, may be related to the extent of premature delivery time. While the standard drug treatment of ursodeoxycholic acid is suitable for most ICP cases, those with insufficient gestational age may benefit from adjuvant corticosteroid therapy to promote fetal lung maturation prior to preterm delivery. Severe ICP cases should be managed by inducing artificial labor or performing Caesarean section.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Bile Acids and Salts , Pregnancy Outcome , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 108-111, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239296

ABSTRACT

To analyze the characteristics of serum sodium in decompensated cirrhosis and evaluate the prognostic ability of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) in Na-containing models. Patients diagnosed with decompensated cirrhosis at our hospital were enrolled for study between June 2005 and October 2010. Patients were classified among three groups, according to serum sodium concentration: less than 125 mmol/L, 125 to 135 mmol/L, and more than 135 mmol/L. Mortality rates among the three groups were compared by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. In addition, the different serum sodium concentrations were analyzed for correlations between Child-Pugh score and complication incidence rates of portal hypertension. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to compare the predictive abilities of MELD, MELD-Na, and the integrated (i) MELD scores for 3-month, 6-month and 1-year mortalities. A total of 467 patients were analyzed, and 50.54% had hyponatremia ( less than 135 mmol/L). Sodium concentration was correlated with mortality, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that mortality was significantly higher in each subgroup with lower sodium concentration (all, P = 0.000). Likewise, sodium concentration decreased in conjunction with increased severity of decompensation, as classified by Child-Pugh scoring (sodium: A more than B more than C; mortality: A less than B less than C). With the exception of digestive tract bleeding, complication incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome increased when sodium concentration decreased. For predicting 3-month mortality, the AUC scores of MELD were not significantly different from the MELD-Na and iMELD scores (P more than 0.05). For predicting 6-month and 1-year mortality, the AUC scores of MELD-Na and iMELD were significantly higher than those of MELD (P less than 0.05). Hyponatremia is correlated with mortality and complications in decompensated cirrhosis patients. Incorporation of Na into the MELD may enhance it's prognostic ability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , End Stage Liver Disease , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Liver Failure , Diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Serum , Chemistry , Severity of Illness Index , Sodium , Blood
15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 118-120, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290629

ABSTRACT

To observe the characteristics of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) with a suboptimal biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid. A total of 38 Chinse PBC patients (5 male patients, 33 female patients, average age 55 years old) with treatment of ursodeoxycholic acid in our hospital from January 1999 to January 2009 were erolled and studied retrospectively. 17 suboptimal biochemical responders mainly presented with liver diseases related symptoms including jaundice (41.1%), fatigue, anorexia (23.5%), edema and abdominal distension (11.7%). 21 good biochemical responders mainly presented with abnormal liver function tests without symptoms. The suboptimal biochemical responders had significantly higher baseline levels of total serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, immunoglobulin G and globulin as compared to the good biochemical responsers. There were no differences in gender, age and the dose of UDCA. PBC patients with liver diseases related symptoms, marked abnormal liver tests and characteristics of autoimmune hepatitis may have a suboptimal biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 685-688, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate clinical and pathological features of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in order to improve clinician's awareness of this rare disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed clinical data and follow-up information of 27 PSC patients who were admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 1990 to November 2009. The patients were classified into classic PSC and small-duct PSC according to biochemistry and imaging results. After 3 to 6 months of therapy, those patients with serum ALT < or = 1.5, TBil < or = 2 and ALP < or = 2.5 ULN were determined as good responders. The treatment results between the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>9 out of 27 cases of PSC were small duct PSC and 18 cases were large bile duct or classic PSC. Male patients (7) were less than females (20) and the average age was 47.6 years. Main clinical symptoms included jaundice (85.2%), pruritis (48.1%),fatigue (68.4 %), abdominal pain (40.7%) and fever (14.8%), main physical sign included hepatomegaly (44.4%), splenomegaly (48.1 %) and ascites (14.8%). Laboratory features included elevated IgG (81.8%), positive ANA (69.6%) and pANCA (52.9%). 22% of these PSC patients had ulcerative colitis or Sjogren's syndrome. A small percentage of patients were responsive to standard therapy, of which small duct PSC had a better response than classic PSC (66.7 % vs 33.3%, P = 0.041).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ulcerative colitis (22.2%) is not as common as reported by western countries. Small duct PSC has a better treatment response. Searching of effective treatment regimen for large bile duct PSC is warranted in future studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cholangitis, Sclerosing , Pathology , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 763-767, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the phenotypic characteristics of human fetal liver cells (FLCs) and to obtain the homogenous hepatic progenitors with cloning.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry were used to determine the phenotypes of the FLCs. The proliferating colonies were isolated using clone ring in different culture conditions. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA expression after further cultivation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cultured FLCs showed a non-typical epithelial morphology. The positive rate for hepatic cell specific markers alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), albumin (Alb), cytokeratin 8 (CK8) and CK19 were approximately 28.1%, 84.7%, 55.1% and 9.1% respectively. Furthermore, the FLCs expressed the hematopoietic stem cell markers CD34 and CD45 with percentages of 0.04% and 0.09%. 71.8% and 75.3% of the FLCs were positive for the mesenchymal cell marker CD105 and CD166. Most of the colonies showed an elongated morphology, some with an unregular spreading-out morphology, only a small number of colonies with an epithelial-like morphology. RT-PCR results showed that among the 19 colonies obtained after further cultivation and the percentages of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), AFP, Alb and CK19 were 52.6%, 21.1%, 52.6% and 84.2%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clonal culture system is beneficial to obtain the homogenous hepatic progenitor cells from the heterogeneous culture of FLCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Fetus , Cell Biology , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 263-265, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of portal hypertension on prognosis in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of decompensated cirrhosis patients in our hospital, between 2003 and 2006, were retrospected and followed up. Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) classification was calculated using the standard formula. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the mortality in subgroups ranked by the syndromes. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the effect of the syndromes on prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A cohort of 322 patients was admitted in this study at the end of the follow-up. The mortality of variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, a large volume ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, the type I and type II hepatorenal syndrome was 45.9%, 79.4%, 66.7%, 100%, 100% and 84.6% respectively. On the whole, the occurrence of all the syndromes was correlated with CTP classification and MELD score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that all of these syndromes, except for low to medium volume of ascites, significantly affected the survival rate (P<0.01). In Cox regression analysis, all the syndromes were the independent predictors of prognosis, the regression coefficient values of hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, type I and type II hepatorenal syndrome, variceal bleeding and ascites were 0.973, 0.928, 0.935, 0.866, 0.464 and 0.369 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The portal hypertensive syndromes have significant effect on the prognosis of the patients with decompensated cirrhosis, hepatic encephalopathy is the worst one.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Epidemiology , Hepatorenal Syndrome , Epidemiology , Hypertension, Portal , Epidemiology , Liver Cirrhosis , Mortality , Pathology , Models, Statistical , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Analysis
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 881-886, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247635

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the virological, serological and biochemical outcomes of 3 years of entecavir (ETV) treatment in nucleoside-naive chronic hepatitis B patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study was divided into two stages: Patients receiving either ETV 0.5 mg/d (n = 258) or lamivudine (LAM) 100 mg/d (n = 261) entered the initial 96-week randomized, double blind, controlled efficacy study. Patients not achieving a consolidated response (HBV DNA less than 0.7 MEq/ml, ALT less than 1.25 times*ULN, and if HBeAg-positive at baseline, loss of HBeAg for >or= 24 weeks), or those experienced viral breakthrough or relapse, entered a 48-week entecavir rollover study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>96 weeks after the treatment, 79% of ETV treated and 46% of LAM treated patients had HBV DNA less than 300 copies/ml (P < 0.0001), 96% of ETV treated and 92% of LAM treated patients had normalized ALT (P = 0.06). 21% of ETV treated and 23% of LAM treated patients achieved HBeAg seroconversion. Among the 160 patients received continuous ETV for 144 weeks, 89% had undetectable serum HBV DNA, 86% showed ALT normalization, and 27% achieved HBeAg seroconversion. ETV resistance was rare: only 3 patients showed ETV resistance 96 weeks after the treatment, and additional 2 patients developed ETV resistance during the following 48 weeks, genotyping indicated the ETV resistance was caused by gene mutation. Adverse event rates in ETV-treated patients were similar to those in LAM-treated patients, but fewer ALT flares were observed in ETV-treated patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study demonstrates that ETV treatment results in long-term HBV suppression and ALT normalization in Chinese CHB patients, and is associated with low rate of drug resistance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , DNA, Viral , Blood , Double-Blind Method , Drug Resistance, Viral , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Virology , Lamivudine , Therapeutic Uses , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1455-1461, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292691

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hepatitis B is at particularly high risk of fibrosis progression. Unfortunately, the mechanism of hepatic fibrogenesis induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV) has not been fully understood to date. The aim of this study was to observe whether HBV can infect hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and to examine the effects of HBV or HBV S protein (HBs) on the proliferation and collagen type I expression of HSCs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The supernatants of HepG2.2.15 cells which contained HBV-DNA or HBs were added to LX-2 cells for 72 hours. Cell survival was determined by MTT assay. HBV particles in LX-2 cells were detected by transmission electron microscopy. The expression of HBs and HBV C protein (HBc) was determined by confocal fluorescence microscopy. The expression levels of HBV-DNA were measured by real-time PCR. The cellular collagen type I mRNA and protein levels were quantified by reverse transcription-PCR and ELISA, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>High concentrations of HBV (1.2 x 10(5) - 5.0 x 10(5) copies/ml) or HBs (1.25 - 20 microg/ml) inhibited the proliferation of LX-2 cells, while low concentrations of HBV (1.0 x 10(3) - 6.2 x 10(4) copies/ml) or HBs (0.04 - 0.62 microg/ml) promoted the proliferation. After treating LX-2 cells with HBV for 72 hours, about 42 nm HBV-sized particles and strong expression of HBs and HBc were found in the cytoplasm of LX-2 cells. HBV-DNA in the culture medium of LX-2 cells decreased at 24 hours, rose at 48 hours and thereafter, decreased again at 72 hours. The mRNA and protein expression of cellular collagen type I in LX-2 cells were significantly increased by HBV infection but not by recombinant HBs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HBV and HBs affect the proliferation of HSCs; HBV can transiently infect and replicate in cultured HSCs and express HBs and HBc in vitro. Furthermore, HBV can significantly increase the expression of collagen type I mRNA and protein in HSCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gene Expression Regulation , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Virology , Hepatitis B virus , Physiology , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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