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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828573

ABSTRACT

Objective Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) is invariably fatal without surgical resection. The primary aim of the current study was to determine the safety of variable surgical resections for patient with HC and their survival after surgical resection. In addition, prognostic factor for the overall survival was also evaluated. Methods The study included 59 consecutive patients who were newly diagnosed with HC and underwent surgical resections with curative intend between February 2009 and February 2017. Patients were followed up at 3-6 months intervals after hospital discharge. Postoperative complications and overall survival were determined. Associations of clinicopathologic and surgeon-related factors with overall survival were evaluated through univariate analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results Of patients with Bismuth and Corlette (B & C) type Ⅲ (=19) and Ⅳ (=25) HC lesions, 33 (55.9%) were treated with hilar resection combined with major liver resection (MLR), while the other 11 patients with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ, and those with type Ⅰ (=8) and Ⅱ (=7) HC lesions were treated with hilar resection. The overall surgical mortality was 5.1% and surgical morbidity was 35.6%. There was no statistical difference in the mortality between MLR group and hilar resection group (6.1% 3.8%; =0.703, =0.145). The median follow-up period was 18 months (range, 1-94 months). The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate was 59.3%, 36.5%, and 17.7%, respectively. The overall survival after resections was 18 months. In HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions, the median survival was 23 months for hilar resection with MLR and 8 months for hilar resection alone; the 1-, 3-, 5-year cumulative survival rate was 63.9%, 23.3%, and 15.5%, respectively for hilar resection with MLR, and 11.1%, 0, and 0, respectively for hilar resection alone, with significant differene observed (, 9.902; 95% , 2.636-19.571, =0.001). Four factors were independently associated with overall survival: preoperative serum Ca19-9 (, 7.039; 95% , 2.803-17.678, <0.001), histopathologic grade (, 4.964; 95% , 1.046-23.552, =0.044), surgical margins (=0.031), and AJCC staging (=0.015). Conclusions R0 resection is efficacious in surgical treatment of HC. MLR in combination with caudate lobe resection may increase the chance of R0 resection and improve survival of HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions. Preoperatively prepared for biliary drainage may ensure the safety of MLR in most HC patients. Novel adjuvant therapies are needed to improve the survival of HC patients with poor prognostic factors.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 545-549, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Overexpression of G-protein coupled receptor 34 (GPR34) affects the progression and prognosis of human gastric adenocarcinoma, however, the role of GPR34 in gastric cancer development and progression has not been well-determined. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of GPR34 knockdown on the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of GPR34 in gastric cancer cell line HGC-27 was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting. HGC-27 cells were employed to construct the stable GPR34 knockdown cell model in this study. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were applied to validate the effect of short hairpin RNA (ShRNA) on the expression of GPR34 in HGC-27 gastric cells. The proliferation, migration of these cells were examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 and transwell. We also measured expression profile of PI3K/PDK1/AKT and ERK using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ShRNA directed against GPR34 effectively inhibited both endogenous mRNA and protein expression levels of GPR34, and significantly down-regulated the expression of PIK3CB (P < 0.01), PIK3CD (P < 0.01), PDK1 (P < 0.01), phosphorylation of PDK1 (P < 0.01), Akt (P < 0.01), and ERK (P < 0.01). Furthermore, GPR34 knockdown resulted in an obvious reduction in HGC-27 cancer cell proliferation and migration activity (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GPR34 knockdown impairs the proliferation and migration of HGC-27 gastric cancer cells in vitro and provides a potential implication for therapy of gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Physiology , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Physiology , Humans , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Lysophospholipid , Genetics , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62415

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of de novo malignancy after liver transplantation (LT) and compare with those among the general Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 466 patients who had a minimum follow-up time of 6 months were enrolled in the study. All data of medical records and follow up were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The incidence rate of de novo malignancy was 3.0% (14 in 466 patients). The median elapsed time from transplant to the diagnosis of de novo malignancy was 42 months (range, 6 to 106 months). The cumulative risk for development of de novo malignancy was 1.6%, 2.7%, and 8.2% at 3, 5 and 10 years after LT, respectively. The patients were all male. The types of de novo tumors included digestive system tumor (8 in 14), lung cancer (2 in 14), urologic neoplasm (2 in 14), and hematologic malignant tumor (2 in 14). Over a mean follow-up of 24 months after diagnosis of de novo malignancy, 7 patients (50.0%) died; the overall 5-year patient survival rate was 54.5%. The relative risk of malignancy following LT was 9.5 folds higher than the general Chinese population. CONCLUSION: The relative risk of malignancy following LT was much higher than the general Chinese population. Digestive system tumor is the most common type of de novo malignancy after LT in China.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Diagnosis , Digestive System , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Liver Transplantation , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Transplantation , Urologic Neoplasms
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 942-948, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Rapamycin (RAPA) is a relatively new immunosuppressant drug that functions as a serine/threonine kinase inhibitor to prevent rejection in organ transplantation. RAPA blocks activation of T-effector (Teff) cells by inhibiting the response to interleukin-2. Recently, RAPA was also shown to selectively expand the T-regulator (Treg) cell population. To date, no studies have examined the mechanism by which RAPA converts Teff cells to Treg cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) naive T cells were cultivated with RAPA and B cells as antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in vitro. CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells were harvested after 6 days and analyzed for expression of forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) using flow cytometry. CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(-) subsets as the converted Tregs were isolated from the mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) with CD127 negative selection, followed by CD4 and CD25 positive selection using microbeads and magnetic separation column (MSC). Moreover, mRNA was extracted from converted Tregs and C57BL/6 naive CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells and Foxp3 levels were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR). A total of 1 x 10(5) carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labeled naive CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells/well from C57BL/6 mice were cocultured with DBA/2 or C3H maturation of dendritic cells (mDCs) (0.25 x 10(5)/well) in 96-well round-bottom plates for 6 days. Then 1 x 10(5) or 0.25 x 10(5) converted Treg cells were added to every well as regulatory cells. Cells were harvested after 6 days of culture and analyzed for proliferation of CFSE-labeled naive CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells using flow cytometry. Data were analyzed using CellQuest software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We found that RAPA can convert peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) naive T Cells to CD4(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells using B cells as APCs, and this subtype of Treg can potently suppress Teff proliferation and maintain antigenic specificity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our findings provide evidence that RAPA induces Treg cell conversion from Teff cells and uncovers an additional mechanism for tolerance induction by RAPA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Interleukin-7 Receptor alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Mitomycin , Pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of rapamycin in inducing naïve murine effector T cell (Teff) convert to regulatory T cell (Treg) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) negative Teff were isolated and purified from the spleen and lymph node of C57 BL/6 murines aged 6-8 weeks, then Teff were cultured in three groups with mature dendritic cells (mDC), B cells, and plate coated Anti-CD3. In addition, the control wells and the test wells were prepared in each group, rapamycin were not added in the control wells but added in the test wells with concentrations of 1, 10, 50, and 100 nmol/L. Percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg were examined by flow cytometry after 4 days in Anti-CD3 group and after 6 days in the other two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As shown by the flow cytometry, the percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg were as follows in three group: in the mDC group, it was 0.01% in the control well and 0.39%, 0.47%, 0.34%, and 0.26% in test wells; in B cell group, it was 0.01% in the control wells and 5.56%, 5.89%, 7.15%, and 4.72% in the test wells; in Anti-CD3 group, it was 0.93% in the control wells and 1.35%, 1.07%, 1.02%, and 1.19% in test wells. No significant difference was found between the test wells and control wells in the mDC group and Anti-CD3 group; however, the percentages of FoxP3 positive Treg was significantly different between the test wells and control wells in the B cell group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>When B cell is acted as the antigen-presenting cell, rapamycin can effectively induce Teff convert to Treg in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Flow Cytometry , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 902-905, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of protein kinase C (PKC)/transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta1) pathway on activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HSC rHSC-99 cell line was used in three groups in this study. Group A served as a control. In group B the HSC were incubated with PKC agonist PMA (0.5 micromol/L), and in group C the cells were incubated with PKC inhibitor calphostin C (100 nmol/L). The PKC activities were detected at different incubation time points (0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h). Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) at the 24 h point. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT colorimetric assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PMA increased the activity of PKC significantly, whereas calphostin C inhibited the activity of PKC. The increased activity of PKC promoted the HSC to express TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-SMA. In comparison with the controls, the expressions of TGF beta1, Smad 4, collagen type I, III and alpha-SMA increased 4.8, 13.1, 2.4, 1.8 and 1.3 fold respectively (P < 0.01). PKC promoted the proliferation of HSC. The above effects were inhibited by the inhibition of PKC activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Changing of PKC activity can regulate and control the expression of TGF beta1, which may play a role in regulating the activation of HSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Metabolism , Protein Kinase C , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of Shenfu Injection (SI) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Partial liver ischemia-reperfusion model under room temperature was established in 60 rats, which were divided into the control group and the treated group randomly and each group was again classified into 3 subgroups with 30 min, 60 min and 90 min hepatic ischemia time rspectively. Rats in the treated group were injected with SI 10 ml/kg every day, while the control group treated with normal saline. Survival rate after 1 week was observed, the serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), malondialde hyde (MDA), surperoxide dismutase (SOD), tumor nicrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and endothelin (ET) were detected, and hepatic biopsy was performed with light and electronic microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The survival rate in the treated subgroup with 90 min' ischemia after 1 week was 90%, higher than that in the control subgroup significantly (P <0. 05), which was 60% ; and serum levels of AST, MDA, TNF-alpha and ET were lower and SOD was higher significantly (all P <0.05), as well as the degenerative and necrotic degree of hepatocyte and sinusoidal endothelial cells was lighter in the 3 treated subgroups, compared with the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Shenfu injection can eliminate oxygen free radical during hepatic ishemia-reperfusion so as to has a protective effect and attenuate hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelins , Blood , Injections , Liver , Liver Diseases , Blood , Drug Therapy , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Protective Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Blood , Drug Therapy , Superoxide Dismutase , Blood , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 532-535, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Kupffer cells (KCs) are resident macrophages in the liver. Because the densities and sizes of KCs show a significant overlap with other sinusoidal cells, it is difficult to separate and purify them. We aim to find an improved procedure that could optimize the method for isolation of highly purified rat Kupffer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In ex vivo rat liver perfusion with pronase E and collagenase IV, density gradient centrifugation by Histodenz and selective attachment of Kupffer cells were used to isolate them. Cell proliferation and morphological characterization were studied under light phase-contrast microscopes; KCs were also studied with transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy using standard techniques. Immunocytochemistry was used to detect the expression of ED2 CD163 and lysosome associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2). Phagocytosis of latex-beads by KCs was also studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The yield rate of KCs was 5 x 10(7) and the KCs viability exceeded 98%. The purity of KCs identified by ED2 was higher than 98%, and over 99% of the collected KCs were LAMP2 positive.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the future this simple, stable and effective method of collecting highly purified Kupffer cells is expected to help in further studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Separation , Methods , Cells, Cultured , Kupffer Cells , Cell Biology , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1003-1009, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265263

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Because of the lack of brain death laws in China, the proportion of cadaveric organ donation is low. Many patients with end-stage liver disease die waiting for a suitable donor. Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) would reduce the current discrepancy between the number of patients on the transplant waiting list and the number of available organ donors. We describe the early experience of LDLT in the mainland of China based on data from five liver transplant centers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2001 and October 2003, 45 patients with end-stage liver disease received LDLT at five centers in China. The indication and timing, surgical techniques and complications, nonsurgical issues including rejection, infection, and advantages of LDLT in the series were reviewed. Actuarial patient and graft survival rates were calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimate. Statistical analysis was completed by using SPSS 10.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All LDLT recipients were cirrhotic patients, except for one man with fulminant hepatic failure. Among the 45 cases of LDLT, 35 (77.8%) were performed in one center (the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University). The overall 1 and 3 year survival rate of the recipients was 93.1% and 92.0%, respectively. Of the 45 LDLT donors, there were 3 cases of biliary leakage, 2 subphrenic collections, 1 fat liquefaction around the incision and 1 biliary peritonitis after T tube removal. All donors recovered completely.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LDLT provides an excellent approach to addressing the problem of donor shortage in China even though the operation is complicated, uncompromising and difficult with respect to the safety of the donors and receptors. Despite early technical hurdles having been overcome, perfection of technique is still necessarily. At present, LDLT is a good choice for the patients with irreversible liver disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 168-170, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349178

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the risk factors of renal failure in the early post-liver transplantation period.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>92 consecutive liver transplantation cases were reviewed and a multi-factor analysis of presumed risk factors of early post-transplantation period renal failure was conducted. The factors analyzed were total bilirubin level, prothrombin activity, onset of structural renal disease, onset of gastrointestinal hemorrhage, whether the patient underwent large-volume paracentesis, or underwent plasmapheresis therapy, needed renal replacement therapy, the operation method used, the bleeding volume during operation and the immunosuppressive agents used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 92 patients, 29 (31.5%) developed acute renal failure (ARF) in the early postoperative period. Multi-factor analysis revealed a high pre-transplantation serum creatinine level and low prothrombin activity as risk factors for development of ARF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ARF is a frequent medical complication after liver transplantation. A high pre-transplantation serum creatinine level and low prothrombin activity are risk factors of its development.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Prothrombin , Metabolism , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 447-449, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264487

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the variations type of hepatic artery and discuss the method of how to protect hepatic artery from injury during the quick harvest of the donor liver.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective review of the variations of hepatic arteries of the donor livers and the course of excision and reconstruction of 200 donor livers was performed, and the aberrance and reconstruction method of hepatic arteries were summarized.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>37 out of 200 hepatic arteries varied and 2 patients suffered biliary complications because of improper preservation of aberrant hepatic arteries.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Most aberrant liver arteries come from superior mesenteric artery or left gastric artery. Proper quick harvest of multiple organs is the basis of the integrity of hepatic arteries, and all the aberrance must be reconstructed.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Hepatic Artery , General Surgery , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Liver Transplantation , Methods , Male , Retrospective Studies , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Methods , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 40-42, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271041

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of MAGE-B genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in order to find new targets for immunotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of MAGE-B1, B2, A1 and A3 mRNA was detected using RT-PCR in HCC tissues and the corresponding adjacent non-HCC tissues from 47 HCC patients, 30 samples of cirrhosis and normal liver tissues. Four samples selected randomly from MAGE-B1 or B2 with positive RT-PCR results were sequenced to confirm the results of RT-PCR. The relationship between the expression of MAGE-B and some clinicopathological parameters was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MAGE-B1 mRNA and MAGE-B2 mRNA were detected in 44.7% (21/47) and 61.7% (29/47) of HCC samples, respectively, while neither MAGE-B1 nor MAGE-B2 could be detected in the corresponding adjacent non-HCC liver tissues. In addition, none of 30 samples of cirrhosis and normal liver tissues was shown to express both MAGE-B genes. The DNA sequence confirmed that the RT-PCR products were truly target cDNA. The frequency of the expression of MAGE-A1 and A3 was 74.5% (35/47) and 44.7% (21/47), respectively. There was significant correlation between the expression of MAGE-B and MAGE-A (P < 0.05). However, the positive expression of MAGE-B was observed in 5 out of 12 HCC tissues without expression of MAGE-A1 and/or A3. When all four MAGE genes were examined, the positive rate of expression of one, two, three and four genes was 83.0% (39/47), 55.3% (26/47), 48.9% (23/47), and 38.3% (18/47) of 47 HCC tissues, respectively. No correlation was found between the expression of MAGE-B and clinical parameters such as age, sex, tumor size, degree of tumor differentiation, serum alpha-fetoprotein level and hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MAGE-B genes are expressed with relatively high frequency and specificity in HCC. Most HCC patients with positive expression of at least one member of MAGE-B or MAGE-A gene family are adequate candidates to receive specific immunotherapy. Frequent co-expression of multiple members of MAGE-B and MAGE-A subfamilies provides the possibility of using polyvalent vaccines to achieve more effective immunotherapeutic results.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Gene Expression , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Prognosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 269-271, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311133

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate reason and the management of portal vein thrombosis in patients with portal hypertension postoperatively.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>329 patients with portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis who had splenectomy was reviewed from 1992 to 2001. In whom 43 (13.1%) patients with portal vein thrombosis postoperative were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In these patients, except 1 died for portal vein phlebitis, all patients were recovered. There are 138 patients who underwent splenectomy or splenectomy and devascularization, 26 (18.8%) of them had thrombosis. 191 patients underwent splenectomy and portacaval or portasplenic shut, 17 (8.9%) of them had thrombosis. The data of these two groups have significant difference (chi(2) = 8.44, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thrombocytosis postsplenectomy as well as the changes of portal hemodynamics is the main reason of portal vein thrombosis. Portal vein thrombosis is also in association with the operative ways. Operation standardization, dynamic examining platelet count, routine color ultrasonography examining and early anticoagulation therapy are the effective methods in preventing and managing portal thrombosis postoperation for portal hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , Therapeutics , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , Pathology , Postoperative Complications , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1044-1047, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the diagnosis and managements of hepatic artery complications in orthotopic liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 107 consecutive orthotopic liver transplantation patients was reviewed retrospectively to assess the risk factors and the diagnosis and treatment of the vascular complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of the artery related complications in orthotopic liver transplantation was associated with the quality of the donor organ artery and the reconstruction way of donor-recipient artery intimately. The main hepatic artery related complications were hepatic artery thrombosis and stenosis. The incidence of the vascular complications was 6.54%, and the mortality rate was 85.7%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The main influence factors of vascular complications were the quality of the donor organ artery and the reconstruction way of donor-recipient artery. The key steps of organ salvaging and the patients' life saving were early diagnosis and treatment of those complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Female , Hepatic Artery , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Transplantation, Homologous
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 10-12, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To summarize hemodynamic and metabolic changes during bypass, and to evaluate the bypass in liver transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-four patients underwent orthotopic liver transplantation with venovenous bypass from May 2000 to May 2002. Their clinical features were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SHR, MAP, CVP, CO, PaO(2), PaCO(2), serum K(+), Na(+), Ca(2+), BUN values were not significantly changed during bypass. Compared to the pre-bypass stage, pH was decreased in the post-bypass stage (P < 0.05), serum lactic acid value was increased in the bypass and post-bypass stage (P < 0.05), active clotting time was increased in the bypass stage (P < 0.05), serum creatinine value was increased on first postoperative day (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Venovenous bypass could improve hemodynamic and metabolic stability in the anhepatic phase, but it also could increase operation duration, liver ischemic time and cost.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Kidney , Liver Transplantation , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 506-508, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300001

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of four hepatocellular cancer antigen (HCA) gene mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of HCA90, HCA519, HCA520, HCA587 mRNA was detected using RT-PCR in HCC tissues and the corresponding adjacent non-HCC tissues from 46 HCC patients, cirrhosis tissues from 10 samples and normal liver tissues from 10 samples. The relationship between positive expression rate of HCA gene and clinical and lab data was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 46 HCC tissues, HCA90, HCA519, HCA520 and HCA587 mRNA were detectable in 65.2%, 76.1%, 45.7% and 32.6%, respectively. At least one HCA gene mRNA was positive in 82.6% of HCC tissues. Only weak expression of HCA519 could be detectable in 6.5% of the corresponding adjacent non-HCC tissues. None of 10 samples of cirrhosis and normal liver tissues expressed any HCA gene mRNA. No correlation was found between the expression of HCA and clinical date such as age, sex, tumor size, tumor differentiation, serum alpha-fetoprotein level and hepatitis B virus infection or hepatitis C virus infection (P > 0.05). However, in some patients with normal serum alpha-fetoprotein (< 25 ng/L), specific expression of HCA genes was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HCA gene mRNA is expressed with a high percentage and specificity in hepatocellular carcinomas and their products are new potential promising targets for immunotherapy of HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Pathology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver , Metabolism , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 175-179, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300056

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of 5-hydroxytamine receptors in hepatic stellate cells HSCs and action of 5-hydroxytamine on biological characteristics of HSC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Liver ex vivo perfusion of collagenase and density gradient centrifugation were used to isolate hepatic stellate cell. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of 5-hydroxytamine receptor subtypes 1A, 2A, 2B and 3. Western blot hybridization was used to elucidate the effect of 5-hydroxytamine and its 2A receptor antagonist ketanserin and 3 receptor antagonist ondanosetron on expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and Smad4 in HSC. HSCs were cultured on silicone membrane. The effect of 5-hydroxytamine, ketanserin and ondanosetron on cell contraction were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HSC expressed 5-hydroxytamine receptors subtypes 1A, 2A and 2B. 5-hydroxytamine significantly increased the expression of TGF-beta1 and Smad4 in HSC (P < 0.05). This was antagonized by ketanserin, not by ondanosetron. 5-hydroxytamine induced cell contraction in a dose-dependant manner. Ketanserin antagonized this action, but ondanosetron did not.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HSCs express 5-hydroxytamine receptors. 5-hydroxytamine could affect the biological characteristics of HSC through its receptor mediation, and may play a role in the pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Hypertension, Portal , Liver , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Liver Cirrhosis , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Serotonin , Physiology , Serotonin , Pharmacology , Serotonin Antagonists , Pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
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