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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1225-1231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998745

ABSTRACT

Background There is a lack of research evidence on the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in China. Objective To explore the association between frequency of SSB consumption before pregnancy and risk of GDM in pregnant women in Shaanxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for targeted interventions to control maternal blood glucose. Methods The recruitment to the China Birth Cohort study started in October 2020. Pregnant women at 6-16 weeks who had their first prenatal examination at five hospitals in Shaanxi Province were recruited. A maternal health questionnaire was used to collect basic information about pregnant women. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to collect the consumption of carbonated beverages, fruit and vegetable juice beverages, coffee beverages, and milk tea beverages in one year before pregnancy, which were summed to obtain the SSB consumption. Pregnant women were divided into three groups according to SSB consumption, namely <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1. GDM was confirmed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 24-28 weeks of gestation. A binary logistic regression model was applied to explore the association between SSB consumption and risk of GDM. Multiple linear regression was applied to investigate the associations between SSB consumption (per 1-serving·d−1 increase) and OGTT fasting plasma glucose, 1-hour glucose, and 2-hour glucose. Results A total of 3811 pregnant women were finally enrolled in this study, of which 752 developed GDM, with an incidence rate of 19.7%. The incidence rates of GDM in pregnant women with SSB consumption frequency of <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1 were 18.0%, 21.1%, and 26.8%, respectively. After adjusting for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), education, number of children born, family history of diabetes, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity level, and total energy intake, the risk of GDM increased by 26% (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.50) in the 1-4 servings·week−1 group and by 76% (OR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.31, 2.38) in the ≥5 servings·week−1 group compared to the <1 serving·week−1 SSB consumption group, respectively. Further stratified analysis revealed no interaction effect (Pinteraction>0.05) between SSB consumption and maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, or first labor or not. For each additional SSB consumption per day, the risk of GDM increased by 94% (OR=1.94, 95%CI: 1.37, 2.75); and the maternal OGTT 1-hour glucose and 2-hour glucose increased by 0.33 mmol·L−1 and 0.18 mmol·L−1, respectively (P<0.05), and no significant increase in fasting plasma glucose was found (P>0.05). Conclusion Higher SSB consumption before pregnancy increases the risk of GDM in pregnant women.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2829-2840, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981386

ABSTRACT

Natural Cordyceps sinensis as an insect-fungal complex, which is developed after Ophiocordyceps sinensis infects a larva of Hepialidae family. Seventeen genotypes of O. sinensis have been identified in natural C. sinensis. This paper summarized the literature reports and GenBank database regarding occurrence and transcription of the mating-type genes of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 idiomorphs in natural C. sinensis, in Hirsutella sinensis(GC-biased Genotype #1 of O. sinensis), to infer the mating pattern of O. sinensis in the lifecycle of natural C. sinensis. The mating-type genes and transcripts of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 idiomorphs were identified in the metagenomes and metatranscriptomes of natural C. sinensis. However, their fungal sources are unclear because of co-colonization of several genotypes of O. sinensis and multiple fungal species in natural C. sinensis. The mating-type genes of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 idiomorphs were differentially present in 237 H. sinensis strains, constituting the genetic control of the O. sinensis reproduction. Transcriptional control of the O. sinensis reproduction includes: differential transcription or silencing of the mating-type genes of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 idiomorphs, and the MAT1-2-1 transcript with unspliced intron I that contains 3 stop codons. Research on the H. sinensis transcriptome demonstrated differential and complementary transcriptions of the mating-type genes of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 idiomorphs in Strains L0106 and 1229, which may become mating partners to accomplish physiological heterothallism. The differential occurrence and transcription of the mating-type genes in H. sinensis are inconsistent with the self-fertilization hypothesis under homothallism or pseudohomothallism, but instead indicate the need of mating partners of the same H. sinensis species, either monoecious or dioecious, for physiological heterothallism, or heterospecific species for hybridization. Multiple GC-and AT-biased genotypes of O. sinensis were identified in the stroma, stromal fertile portion(densely covered with numerous ascocarps) and ascospores of natural C. sinensis. It needs to be further explored if the genome-independent O. sinensis genotypes could become mating partners to accomplish sexual reproduction. S. hepiali Strain FENG experienced differential transcription of the mating-type genes with a pattern complementary to that of H. sinensis Strain L0106. Additional evidence is needed to explore a hybridization possibility between S. hepiali and H. sinensis, whether they are able to break the interspecific reproductive isolation. Genotypes #13~14 of O. sinensis feature large DNA segment reciprocal substitutions and genetic material recombination between 2 heterospecific parental fungi, H. sinensis and an AB067719-type fungus, indicating a possibility of hybridization or parasexuality. Our analysis provides important information at the genetic and transcriptional levels regarding the mating-type gene expression and reproduction physiology of O. sinensis in the sexual life of natural C. sinensis and offers crucial reproductive physiology evidence, to assist in the design of the artificial cultivation of C. sinensis to supplement the increasing scarcity of natural resource.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps/genetics , Genes, Mating Type, Fungal/genetics , Reproduction/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 393-399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984665

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of the implantable ventricular assist system EVAHEART I in clinical use. Methods: Fifteen consecutive patients with end-stage heart failure who received left ventricular assist device therapy in Fuwai Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were enrolled in this study, their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Cardiac function, liver and kidney function, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, 6-minute walk distance and quality of life were evaluated before implantation and at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after device implantation. Drive cable infection, hemolysis, cerebrovascular events, mechanical failure, abnormally high-power consumption and abnormal pump flow were recorded during follow up. Results: All 15 patients were male, mean average age was (43.0±7.5) years, including 11 cases of dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 cases of ischemic cardiomyopathy, and 2 cases of valvular heart disease. All patients were hemodynamically stable on more than one intravenous vasoactive drugs, and 3 patients were supported by preoperative intra aortic balloon pump (IABP). Compared with before device implantation, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) was significantly decreased ((80.93±6.69) mm vs. (63.73±6.31) mm, P<0.05), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), total bilirubin and creatinine were also significantly decreased ((3 544.85±1 723.77) ng/L vs. (770.80±406.39) ng/L; (21.28±10.51) μmol/L vs. (17.39±7.68) μmol/L; (95.82±34.88) μmol/L vs. (77.32±43.81) μmol/L; P<0.05) at 1 week after device implantation. All patients in this group were in NYHA class Ⅳ before implantation, and 9 patients could recover to NYHA class Ⅲ, 3 to class Ⅱ, and 3 to class Ⅰ at 1 month after operation. All patients recovered to class Ⅰ-Ⅱ at 6 months after operation. The 6-minute walk distance, total quality of life and visual analogue scale were significantly increased and improved at 1 month after implantation compared with those before operation (P<0.05). All patients were implanted with EVAHEART I at speeds between 1 700-1 950 rpm, flow rates between 3.2-4.5 L/min, power consumption of 3-9 W. The 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival rates were 100%, 87%, and 80%, respectively. Three patients died of multiple organ failure at 412, 610, and 872 d after surgery, respectively. During long-term device carrying, 3 patients developed drive cable infection on 170, 220, and 475 d after surgery, respectively, and were cured by dressing change. One patient underwent heart transplantation at 155 d after surgery due to bacteremia. Three patients developed transient ischemic attack and 1 patient developed hemorrhagic stroke events, all cured without sequelae. Conclusion: EVAHEART I implantable left heart assist system can effectively treat critically ill patients with end-stage heart failure, can be carried for long-term life and significantly improve the survival rate, with clear clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Heart Failure/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart-Assist Devices , Quality of Life
4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression changes of nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX4) in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC) under different experimental conditions, and to explore the role of Nrf2 in inhibiting ferroptosis in the process of alleviating hyperoxic lung injury(HLI).Methods:Hyperoxic model was established by hyperoxia exposure.HPMEC were treated with blank control (control group), oxygen exposure at the concentration of 950 mL/L (hyperoxia group), oxygen exposure at the concentration of 950 mL/L+ 10 μmol/L Ferrostatin (ferroptosis inhibitor group) and oxygen exposure at the concentration of 950 mL/L + 10 μmol/L ML385 (Nrf2 inhibitor group). Cell viability at 24 h and 48 h was tested by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected by a commercial ROS kit.The mRNA and protein levels of Nrf2 and GPX4 were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.Differences were analyzed using the Student′s t-test for a two-group comparison or one-way ANOVA test among groups. Results:(1)Compared with the control group, significantly decreased viability and increased ROS levels were detected in hyperoxia group.Meanwhile, the mRNA (24 h: 0.750±0.010 vs.1.010±0.160, 48 h: 0.690±0.050 vs.1.000±0.070) and protein levels of GPX4 (24 h: 0.160±0.010 vs.0.290±0.010, 48 h: 0.190±0.010 vs.0.250±0.010) at 24 h and 48 h were significantly downregulated, while the mRNA (24 h: 1.740±0.050 vs.1.000±0.050, 48 h: 2.130±0.020 vs.1.000±0.030) and protein levels of Nrf2 (24 h: 0.840±0.010 vs.0.480±0.010, 48 h: 0.840±0.010 vs.0.550±0.030) at 24 h and 48 h were significantly upregulated in hyperoxia group than those of control group (all P<0.05). (2)Compared with the hyperoxia group, significantly increased viability and decreased ROS levels were detected in ferroptosis inhibitor group.Meanwhile, the mRNA (24 h: 1.520±0.110, 48 h: 1.880±0.050) and protein levels of GPX4 (24 h: 0.290±0.010, 48 h: 0.250±0.004) at 24 h and 48 h were significantly upregulated, while the mRNA (24 h: 0.780±0.040, 48 h: 0.760±0.030) and protein levels of Nrf2 (24 h: 0.480±0.010, 48 h: 0.540±0.020) at 24 h and 48 h were significantly downregulated in ferroptosis inhibitor group than those of hyperoxia group (all P<0.05). (3)Compared with the hyperoxia group, significantly decreased viability and increased ROS levels were detected in Nrf2 inhibitor group.Meanwhile, the mRNA (24 h: 0.600±0.030, 48 h: 0.590±0.003) and protein levels of GPX4 (24 h: 0.150±0.001, 48 h: 0.180±0.001) at 24 h and 48 h were significantly downregulated, while the mRNA level of Nrf2 was significantly upregulated at 24 h (3.360±0.130), but downregulated at 48 h (1.430±0.130) (all P<0.05). No significant difference was detected in the protein level of Nrf2 at 24 h and 48 h between hyperoxia group and Nrf2 inhibitor group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Ferroptosis is involved in the development of HLI, and Nrf2 is able to alleviate hyperoxic lung injury by inhibiting ferroptosis.Therefore, inhibition of ferroptosis by Nrf2 may provide a new therapeutic target for HLI.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 840-847, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015604

ABSTRACT

Betulinic acid (BA) exerts protective effects on organs in septic animals. However, whether BA can improve cardiac function in sepsis and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. Here, male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with BA (25 mg/ kg/ d, i. g.) for 5 days and then intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg/ kg). The rats were anesthetized to determine transthoracic echocardiography using a high-resolution imaging system for small animals after they were treated with LPS for 6 h. Histopathologic alterations were examined by HE staining. Myocardial injury markers (cTnI and CK-MB) and inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) in the serum were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Autophagy-related proteins (p62 and LC3 Ⅱ) and AKT-modulated autophagy pathways in the myocardium were determined by Western blotting. Pretreatment with BA markedly improved left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and fraction shortening (FS) (P<0. 05), improved myocardial histomorphology, and significantly inhibited cTnI, CK-MB, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 (P<0. 05) in the septic rat serum. BA markedly decreased p62 (P<0. 01), increased LC3 Ⅱ (P< 0. 001), and significantly down-regulated p-AKT (Thr308), p-AMPKα (Ser485/ 491), p-mTOR (Ser2448) and p-S6K (Thr389) (P<0. 05), while markedly up-regulated p-AMPKα (Thr172) and pULK1 (Ser317) (P<0. 01) in septic rat hearts. The findings indicate that BA can attenuate sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunctions associated with down-regulating autophagy inhibiting pathways mediated by AKT/ mTOR and AKT/ AMPK pathways.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 866-871, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on mitochondrial quality control during endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6J mice, aged 4-6 weeks, weighing 15-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) according to the random number table method: control group (group C), endotoxin-induced ALI group (group L-ALI), endotoxin-induced ALI plus acupoint electroacupuncture group (group L-ALI+ EA), and endotoxin-induced ALI plus non-acupoint electroacupuncture group (group L-ALI+ SEA). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 15 mg/kg was injected via the caudal vein to develop the model of endotoxin-induced ALI in anesthetized mice.In group L-ALI+ EA, at 5 days before LPS injection, bilateral Zusanli and Feishu acupoints were stimulated with an electric stimulator for 30 min each time at a voltage of 1-2 mA and a frequency of 2/15 Hz until the end of the experiment.In group L-ALI+ SEA, stimulation was performed at the points 0.5 cm lateral to the acupoints of bilateral Zusanli and Feishu non-meridian and non-acupoint sites using the shallow puncture method, and the other treatment methods were the same as those previously described in group EA.Group C received no treatment.The mice were sacrificed by euthanasia at 12 h after LPS administration, and lung tissues were obtained for microscopic examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope) and structure and morphology of mitochondria (with a transmission electron microscope) and for determination of the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and contents of glutathione (GSH) and glutathione oxidized (GSSG). The GSH/GSSG ratio was calculated.The expression of mitochondrial fusion proteins mitofusin 1 (Mfn1), Mfn2, optic atrophy1 (OPA1), dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), fission protein 1 (Fis1), peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF1), NRF2, PTEN-induced putative protein kinase 1 (PINK1) and the E3 ubiquitin ligase (Parkin) was determined by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the level of ROS and contents of GSSG and mtDNA were significantly increased, GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were decreased, the expression of Mfn1, Mfn2, OPA1, NRF1, NRF2 and PGC-1α was down-regulated, and the expression of Drp1, Fis1, PINK1 and Parkin was up-regulated in L-ALI, L-ALI+ EA and L-ALI+ SEA groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group L-ALI, the level of ROS and contents of GSSG and mtDNA were significantly decreased, GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were increased, the expression of Mfn1, Mfn2, OPA1, NRF1, NRF2 and PGC-1α was up-regulated, and the expression of Drp1, Fis1, PINK1 and Parkin was down-regulated in group L-ALI+ EA ( P<0.05). Compared with group L-ALI+ EA, the level of ROS and contents of GSSG and mtDNA were significantly increased, GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were decreased, the expression of Mfn1, Mfn2, OPA1, NRF1, NRF2 and PGC-1α was down-regulated, and the expression of Drp1, Fis1, PINK1 and Parkin was up-regulated in group L-ALI+ SEA ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TEAS can reduce endotoxin-induced ALI probably through regulating mitochondrial quality control in mice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 600-605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957502

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and the relationship with the regulation of mitochondrial quality control in mice.Methods:Clean-grade healthy male adult C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were selected.HO-1 inducible gene knockout mice (HO-1 -/-) were prepared based on CRISPER/Cas9-mediated EGE system, and HO-1 gene overexpression mice (HO-1 + /+ ) were prepared by transfection of HO-1 overexpressed adenovirus vector.The mice were divided into 2 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group WT, group HO-1 -/-, group HO-1 + /+ ) and endotoxin-induced ALI group (group ALI, group HO-1 -/-+ ALI, group HO-1 + /+ + ALI). Lipopolysaccharide 15 mg/kg was injected through the tail vein to develop the model of endotoxin-induced ALI, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in each control group.The mice were sacrificed by bloodletting at 12 h after lipopolysaccharide or normal saline administration.The lung tissues were harvested for microscopic examination of the pathological changes which were scored, for determination of GSH and GSSG contents, for observation of the ultrastructure of mitochondria (with a transmission electron microscope) and survival within 12 h, for measurement of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels, and for determination of the expression of mitochondrial quality control-related proteins mitochondrial fusion protein 2 (Mfn2) and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), mitophagy marker protein PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) and E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Parkin.The ratio of GSH/GSSG was calculated. Results:Compared with control group (group WT, group HO-1 + /+ and group HO-1 -/-), the 12-h survival rate and MMP were significantly decreased, the lung injury score was increased, GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were decreased, and the content of GSSG was increased in endotoxin-induced ALI groups (group ALI, group HO-1 + /+ + ALI and group HO-1 -/-+ ALI) ( P<0.05). Compared with group ALI, the 12-h survival rate and MMP were significantly decreased, the lung injury score was increased, the GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were decreased, the GSSG content was increased, and the expression of HO-1, Mfn2, PGC-1α, NRF1, PINK1 and Parkin was down-regulated, and Drp1 expression was up-regulated in group HO-1 -/-+ ALI, and 12-h survival rate and MMP were significantly increased, lung injury score was decreased, GSH content and GSH/GSSG ratio were increased, GSSG content was decreased, the expression of HO-1, Mfn2, PGC-1α, NRF1, PINK1 and Parkin was up-regulated, and the expression of Drp1 was down-regulated in group HO-1 + /+ + ALI ( P<0.05). Conclusions:HO-1 is involved in the process of endotoxin-induced ALI in mice, which is related to the regulation of mitochondrial quality control.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1238-1242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on Golgi apparatus stress in the rats with endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI).Methods:Twenty clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 2 months, weighing 160-185 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=5 each) according to a random number table method: control group (C group), endotoxin group (LPS group), EA plus endotoxin group (EA+ LPS group), and sham EA plus endotoxin group (SEA+ LPS group).The model of endotoxin-induced ALI was developed by intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 5 mg/kg in anesthetized animals.Bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Neiguan (PC6) acupoints were stimulated with an electric stimulator for 30 min once a day at 1-4 days before and during model preparation in group EA+ LPS.In group SEA+ LPS, acupuncture needles were inserted to the surface of ST36 and PC6 acupoints with no current stimulation, and the other parameters were the same as those previously described in group EA+ LPS.Blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta at 6 h after development of the model for measurement of concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The animals were sacrificed and lungs were removed for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of lung tissues (with a light microscope) and morphological changes of Golgi apparatus (with a transmission electron microscope) and for determination of wet to dry lung weight (W/D) ratio, cell apoptosis index (by TUNEL), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (by WST-1 method), content of malondialdehyde (MDA) (by TBA method), and expression of Golgi matrix protein 130 (GM130), Golgin-84 and Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) protein and mRNA in lung tissues (by Western blot or real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, cell apoptosis index, serum IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations and MDA content were significantly increased, SOD activity was decreased, the expression of GM130 and Golgin-84 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the expression of GOLPH3 protein and mRNA was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and Golgi apparatus was swollen and vacuolated in the other three groups.Compared with group LPS, lung injury score, W/D ratio, cell apoptosis index, serum IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations and MDA content were significantly decreased, SOD activity was increased, the expression of GM130 and Golgin-84 protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the expression of GOLPH3 protein and mRNA was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and swelling and vacuolization of Golgi apparatus were reduced in group EA+ LPS, and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group SEA+ LPS ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which EA reduces endotoxin-induced ALI may be related to inhibition of Golgi apparatus stress in lung tissues of rats.

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 571-577, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (IncRNA) nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEATl) on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) glial astrocyte injury, and to explore whether the mechanism was related to the regulation of micro RNA (miR)-761. Methods Rat cortical astrocytes were cultured to construct a H/R injury model. Astrocytes were divided into control group, model group, model+ small interfering RNA negative control (si-NC) group, model+ si-NEATl group, model+ miR-NC group, model + miR-761 group, model + si-NEATl + anti-miR-NC group, model+si-NEATl+anti-miR-761 group. Expression of NEATl and miR-761 were detected by Real-time PCR. The experiment was repeated 3 times. The content of malonaldefryde (MDA), and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were detected by kits. Dual luciferase reporter experiment and Real-time PCR were used to analyze the targeting relationship between NEATl and miR-761. The experiment was repeated 3 times. Results Compared with the control group, the cell apoptosis rate and MDA content of the model group increased significantly, SOD and CAT activities decreased significantly, NEATl expression increased significantly, and miR-761 expression decreased significantly (P< 0. 05). Compared with the model+si-NC group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of the model+si-NEATl group reduced significantly, and SOD and CAT activities increased significantly (P < 0 . 0 5) . Compared with the model + miR-NC group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of the model + miR-761 group reduced significantly, and SOD and CAT activities increased significantly (P < 0 . 0 5) . MiR-761 was the target gene of N E A T l, and NEATl negatively regulated miR-761 expression. Compared with the model+si-NEATl+anti-miR-NC group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of the model+siNEAT1+anti-miR-761 group increased significantly, and SOD and CAT activities decreased significantly (P < 0 . 0 5) . Conclusion Interference with NEATl expression can protect astrocytes from H / R injury by up-regulating miR-761.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 226-230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933325

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between silent information regulator 2 homologue 3 (SIRT3) and mitochondrial function in mice with endotoxin-induced lung injury.Methods:Twenty clean-grade healthy adult male wild C57BL/6 (SIRT3 + /+ ) mice, 20 SIRT3 knockout (SIRT3 -/-) mice, weighing 20-25 g, aged 6-8 weeks, were studied.SIRT3 + /+ mice and SIRT3 -/- mice were divided into 4 groups ( n=5 each) according to the random number table method: blank control group (group C, group SIRT3 -/-C), endotoxin-induced lung injury group (group L, group SIRT3 -/-L), endotoxin-induced lung injury plus resveratrol group (group L+ R, group SIRT3 -/-L+ R), and resveratrol group (group R, group SIRT3 -/-R). Resveratrol 15 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day for 7 consecutive days in L+ R, R, SIRT3 -/-L+ R and SIRT3 -/-R groups, while the equal volume of normal saline was injected in the rest groups.Lipopolysaccharid 15 mg/kg was injected via the tail vein to develop a mouse model of endotoxin-induced lung injury at 30 min after resveratrol injection on 7th day, in L+ R and SIRT3 -/-L+ R groups and at the corresponding time points in L and SIRT3 -/-L groups, while the equal volume of normal saline was injected in the other groups.Blood samples were collected from the orbital venous plexus at 12 h after injection of normal saline or lipopolysaccharid for determination of serum total oxidation state (TOS) and total antioxidant state (TAS) levels by the xylenol orange method and ABTS colorimetric method, and the oxidative stress index (OSI) was calculated.After the mice were sacrificed, the lung tissues were taken for microscopic examination of the pathological changes which were scored and for determination of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) (by JC-1 method), cellular oxygen consumption rate (OCR) (by the specific fluorescent probe method), and expression of SIRT3 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group C or group SIRT3 -/-C, the lung injury score, serum TOS concentration and OSI were significantly increased, TAS concentration, MMP and OCR were decreased, and SIRT3 expression was down-regulated in L, L+ R, SIRT3 -/-L and SIRT3 -/-L+ R groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group L, the lung injury score, serum TOS concentration and OSI were significantly decreased, TAS concentration, MMP and OCR were increased, and SIRT3 expression was up-regulated in group L+ R, and lung injury score, serum TOS concentration and OSI were significantly increased, TAS concentration, MMP and OCR were decreased, and SIRT3 expression was down-regulated in group SIRT3 -/-L ( P<0.05). Compared with group L+ R, the lung injury score, serum TOS concentration and OSI were significantly increased, the TAS concentration, MMP and OCR were decreased, and the expression of SIRT3 was down-regulated in group SIRT3 -/- L+ R ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the indicators mentioned above between group SIRT3 -/-L+ R and group SIRT3 -/-L ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Down-regulation of SIRT3 expression can lead to impaired mitochondrial function, which is involved in the pathophysiological mechanism of endotoxin-induced lung injury.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1133-1137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + )-mediated deacetylation activity of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. Methods:Twenty-five SPF clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice including 10 wild-type (WT) and 15 NMNAT1 conditional-knockout (KO) mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were selected.The WT mice were divided into 2 groups ( n=5 each) using a random number table method: control group (group WT+ C) and ALI group (group WT+ ALI). The KO mice were divided into 3 groups ( n=5 each) using a random number table method: control group (group KO+ C), ALI group (group KO+ ALI) and ALI plus NAD + precursor substances nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) group (KO+ LPS+ NMN group). ALI was produced with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 15 mg/kg injected intravenously.NMN 500 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before injection of LPS in KO+ ALI+ NMN group, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in control group.Blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta at 12 h after LPS or normal saline injection for blood gas analysis, and the animals were then sacrificed and the lung tissues were removed for microscopic examination of pathologic changes which were scored and for determination of wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)and content of NAD + (using a spectrophotometer) and levels of SIRT1, acetylated nuclear factor kappaB (Ac-NF-κB), acetylated p53 (Ac-p53), acetylated FoxO1 (Ac-FoxO1) and acetylated PGC1α (Ac-PGC1α) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group C, pH value and PaO 2 were significantly decreased, the PaCO 2, W/D ratio, lung injury score, contents of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α and NAD + were increased, expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated, and expression of Ac-NF-κB, Ac-p53, Ac-FoxO1 and Ac-PGC1α was down-regulated in group ALI ( P<0.05). Compared with group WT+ ALI, pH value and PaO 2 were significantly decreased, the PaCO 2, W/D ratio, lung injury score, contents of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α were increased, NAD + content was decreased, expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated, and expression of Ac-NF-κB, Ac-p53, Ac-FoxO1 and Ac-PGC1α was up-regulated in group KO+ ALI ( P<0.05). Compared with group KO+ ALI, pH value and PaO 2 were significantly increased, the PaCO 2, W/D ratio, lung injury score, contents of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α were decreased, NAD + content was increased, expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated, and expression of Ac-NF-κB, Ac-p53, Ac-FoxO1 and Ac-PGC1α was down-regulated in group KO+ ALI+ NMN ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The enhanced NAD + -mediated deacetylation activity of SIRT1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism in mice with endotoxin-induced ALI.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 327-330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on synaptic damage to hippocampal neurons in rats with sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE).Methods:A total of 48 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), SAE group, SAE+ EA group and SAE+ sham EA group (SAE+ SEA group). SAE was induced by cecal ligation and puncture in anesthetized rats.Baihui, Quchi and Zusanli acupoints were stimulated with constant voltage (2/15 Hz) and disperse-dense waves for 30 min once a day for 10 consecutive days, and the stimulation intensity was defined as less than 1.5 mA causing slight muscle contraction at 2 days before operation in group SAE+ EA.In group SAE+ SEA, stimulating electrodes were placed at the points 5 mm lateral to the corresponding acupoints, but no electrical stimulation was applied.On day 14 after operation, the rats were sacrificed, and hippocampal tissues were obtained and stained with haematoxylin and eosin for examination of the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 region, for determination of the expression of synaptophysin (SYN) and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) (by Western blot), and for calculation of dendritic spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area (using Golgi staining) and pyramidal neurons counts. Results:Compared with Sham group, the expression of SYN and PSD-95 in hippocampus was significantly decreased, and the basal and apical dendrite spine density of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area was decreased in SAE group, the expression of PSD-95 was decreased, and the apical dendrite spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area was increased in SAE+ EA group, and the pyramidal neuron counts in the hippocampal CA1 area were reduced in SAE, SAE+ EA and SAE+ SEA groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group SAE, the expression of SYN and PSD-95 was significantly up-regulated, the basal and apical dendrite spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area was increased and the pyramidal neuron counts were increased in group SAE+ EA ( P<0.05), the pathological damage of hippocampal CA1 area was alleviated and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group SAE+ SEA ( P>0.05). Compared with group SAE+ EA, the expression of SYN and PSD-95 was down-regulated, the basal and apical dendrite spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 area was decreased, and the pyramidal neuron counts were reduced in SAE+ SEA group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which EA alleviates SAE may be related to reducing synaptic damage to hippocampal neurons in rats.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5819-5824, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921701

ABSTRACT

The freeze-drying technique, characterized by low-temperature processing, is especially suitable for sensitive volatile oils with thermal instability. However, there are few studies focusing on the retention of volatile oils in the processing of freeze-dried preparations. This study evaluated the effects of different addition methods(adsorption, emulsification, solid dispersion, and inclusion) on the retention rate of the main components in peppermint oil, aiming to explore the application feasibility of freeze-dried preparations of volatile oils. Firstly, the addition method was determined based on the retention rates of menthol in four freeze-dried preparations. Secondly, an orthogonal test was designed to optimize the preparation process based on the characteristics of the preferred addition method. The results showed that the most suitable preparation form of peppermint oil was inclusion with beta-cyclodextrin(β-CD), and the retention rate of menthol in freeze-drying was 86.36%. According to the two-step preparation process of inclusion and freeze-drying, we introduced the product of inclusion rate and retention rate, i.e., comprehensive retention rate, to determine the optimum processing parameters. The results showed that β-CD/oil ratio of 7∶1, inclusion temperature of 40 ℃, and inclusion time of 2 h were the optimum processing parameters. The product prepared with these parameter had the comprehensive retention rate of 68.41%, retention rate of 92.53%, and inclusion rate of 73.93%. The inclusion compound was white powder with significantly increased solubility. The pre-paration process based on cyclodextrin inclusion in this study is stable and reliable and provides a new idea for ensuring the efficacy and stability of volatile components in freeze-dried preparations.


Subject(s)
Cyclodextrins , Freeze Drying , Mentha piperita , Oils, Volatile , Plant Oils , Solubility , Technology
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 830-835, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015007

ABSTRACT

Massive hemorrhage and allogeneic blood transfusion are common complications in the perioperative period of cardiovascular surgery, which can significantly increase the incidence of adverse events and worsen the long-term prognosis. Therefore, perioperative blood protection strategies have been widely promoted and applied in clinical practice. Additionally, as the core strategy, antifibrinolytic therapy can tremendously reduce perioperative bleeding and blood transfusion during cardiovascular surgery. Tremendous clinical trials have confirmed the efficacy and safety of lysine analog in adult cardiopulmonary bypass cardiac surgery. However, evidence-based medicine on the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic drugs in off-pump cardiovascular surgery and pediatric cardiovascular surgery is still insufficient; there still needs further research and concern. In addition, the topical use of antifibrinolytic drugs and related molecular mechanisms have been reported in recent years. Therefore, this article reviews the efficacy and safety of perioperative antifibrinolytic therapy in cardiovascular surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 70-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and mechanism of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the ovarian cancer (OC). Method:Network pharmacology technology was employed to analyze the mechanism of Curcumae Rhizoma on OC. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC and the effect on the prognosis of OC to explore the feasibility of zedoary turmeric oil in regulating VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC.The xenograft tumor model of nude mice was established, and the effects of zedoary turmeric oil and its active components on VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), Western blot, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result:Bioinformatics analysis and literature research showed that VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR played a special regulatory role in the occurrence and development of OC, and were potential key targets for the proliferation of OC. Network pharmacology analysis revealed that Curcumae Rhizoma could regulate multiple disease targets of OC, and mediate VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in OC through these multiple targets. As demonstrated by HE staining, the tumor cells in the model group were densely arranged, with no erosion on the edge and no vesicles inside. Compared with the model group, the cell density in other treatment groups was reduced, and strip-shaped erosion on the edge and small empty vesicles were observed in the tumor tissue, especially in the zedoary turmeric oil group. According to the results of Real-time PCR and IHC, zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could inhibit the mRNA and protein expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in the OC tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Zedoary turmeric oil and its active components could reduce the expression of VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR in tumor tissue of nude mice, and inhibited the proliferation of OC through VEGFA, STAT3, and mTOR.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 83-88, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and mechanism of Shugan Bushen Huoxue decoction in the treatment of perimenopausal perio syndrome (PPS) with kidney deficiency, liver depression and blood stasis syndrome. Method:One hundred and twelve patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group according to random number table. Both groups took Remifemin orally, 1 tablet/time, by swallowing in the morning and evening. The patients in control group additionally took Fuke Yangrong capsules, 4 capsules/time, 3 times/day. The patients in observation group additionally took Shugan Bushen Huoxue decoction, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was 12 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded for modified Kupperman index (KI), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes, menopausal quality of life scale (MENQOL), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS). Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH),luteinizing hormone (LH),serum estrogen (E<sub>2</sub>), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA), endothelin (ET), and nitric oxide (NO) levels were detected before and after therapy. Result:In the observation group, scores of KI, TCM syndrome, SDS and SAS were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). All dimensions of MENQOL scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). FSH and LH levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the E<sub>2</sub> level was higher than that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of 5-HT, 5-HIAA, DA and NE in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The ET level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the NO level was higher than that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In observation group,the clinical efficacy was superior to that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.073<italic>,P</italic><0.05), and the efficacy of TCM syndromes was also superior to that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.086<italic>,P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Shugan Bushen Huoxue decoction in the treatment of PPS in patients with kidney deficiency and liver depression and blood stasis can significantly reduce clinical symptoms, depression and anxiety, regulate the sex hormones, vasomotor factors and monoamine neurotransmitters levels, and improve the quality of life, with obvious clinical efficacy and high safety, so it is worthy of clinical use.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the grade evaluation standard of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces combining traditional character evaluation and modern intrinsic quality analysis. Method:The appearance character parameters (thickness and weight) and contents of internal index components (tanshinones and salvianolic acid B) of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces were determined, and the relative quality constant was calculated. The maximum value of the percentage quality constants of the tested samples was assumed to be 100%, the value ≥80% was classified as the first-class, ≥50% and <80% as the second-class, <50% as the third-class. Result:The relative quality constants of 18 batches of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces ranged from 349 to 884. According to the percentage quality constant, 18 batches of samples were successfully divided into three grades. The relative quality constant of the first-class product was ≥707, including samples ds5, ds8 and ds14, accounting for about 17% of the total number of samples. The relative quality constant of the second-class product was ≥442 and <707, accounting for about 61% of the total number of samples. the other samples were of the third-class, and their relative quality constants were all <442. Conclusion:The method of relative quality constant overcomes the one-sidedness of the single method in the grade evaluation of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces, and the evaluation results can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of the decoction pieces, which can provide reference for the establishment of the grade standard of other decoction pieces.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 261-268, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the reliability and validity of extended Barthel Index (EBI) in the assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients. Methods:From January, 2018 to October 2019, 136 stroke inpatients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were conveniently sampled. They were assessed with EBI by rater A twice within 48 hours after admission, with interval above twelve hours; and by rater B within 24 hours. They were also assessed with modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Function Independence Measure (FIM) within 48 hours after admission by rater C. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of retest and inter-rater of EBI were calculated, as well as the Cronbach's α coefficient, Spearman correlation coefficient between scores of items and total, and Spearman correlation coefficient of EBI to MBI or FIM. The construct validity of EBI was tested with factor analysis. Results:The retest ICC of items was 0.766 to 0.953; the retest ICC of motor and cognitive items was 0.938 and 0.845, respectively; the retest ICC of total was 0.891. The inter-rater ICC of items was 0.728 to 0.976, the inter-rater ICC of motor and cognitive items was 0.948 and 0.717, respectively; the inter-rater ICC of total was 0.866. The Cronbach's α coefficient of EBI was 0.885. The correlation coefficients were above 0.4 in all the items (P < 0.001) to the total, except the item of vision (r = 0.215, P < 0.05). The correlation of items of EBI to MBI was significant (r = 0.648 to 0.958, P < 0.01), as well as those of EBI to FIM (r = 0.722 to 0.976, P < 0.01). Four components were extracted with principal component analysis, accumulated to 72.19% of the variable; after the vision item was removed, three principal components were extracted, accumulated to 69.09% of the variable. The component 1 was mainly about sphincter control and some advanced brain functions (communication and social cognition), component 2 mainly about ADL related to lower extremities, and component 3 mainly about ADL related to upper extremities. Conclusion:EBI is reliable and valid in the assessment of ADL for stroke patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 226-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between changes in Golgi apparatus morphological structure and endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.Methods:Twenty healthy male C57BL/6J mice, weighing 18-20 g, aged 6-8 weeks, were divided into 2 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham) and endotoxin-induced ALI group (group ALI). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 10 mg/kg was injected intravenously in group ALI, while the equal volume of normal saline 0.5 ml was given instead in group Sham.The animals were sacrificed at 12 h after LPS injection and the lung tissues were taken for detection of the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), for observation of the pathological changes (using HE staining) and Golgi apparatus morphological structure (with a transmission electron microscope) and for determination of expression of Golgi matrix protein 130 (GM130), Golgin97 and mannosidase alpha class II member 1 (MAN2A1) and its mRNA (by Western blot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group Sham, ROS content and the W/D ratio in lung tissues were significantly increased, GM130, MAN2A1, Golgin97 protein and its mRNA expression were down-regulate ( P<0.01), the pathological changes of lung tissues were accentuated, the Golgi cisternae was swollen, and Golgi fragments were dispersed in the cytoplasm in group ALI. Conclusion:The mechanism of endotoxin-induced ALI may be related to the changes in Golgi apparatus morphological structure.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 606-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913067

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of imported malaria in the city. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including individual demographic data, and malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis data. All data were descriptively analyzed. The duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis, from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis and from onset to definitive diagnosis was compared among cases. In addition, the diagnoses of imported malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made were compared with the reexaminations by Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Results A total of 302 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria were reported in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and all were imported cases, with Plasmodium falciparum malaria as the predominant type (230 cases, 76.2%). There were 293 malaria cases imported from Africa (293 cases, 97.0%), which mainly included Nigeria (48 cases, 15.9%), Angola (40 cases, 13.2%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (29 cases, 9.6%). There was no obvious seasonality found in the date of malaria onset and time of reporting malaria. The ratio of male to female malaria cases was 49.3:1, and there were 103 cases (34.1%) with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City, 193 cases (63.9%) with the current residency address in other cities of Henan Province and 6 cases (2.0%) in other provinces of China. There were 271 cases (89.7%) seeking initial diagnosis in medical institutions, and the diagnostic accuracy of malaria was 56.6% (171/302) at initial diagnosis institutions. A total of 122 cases (40.4%) sought medical care on the day of malaria onset, and 252 cases (86.4%) within 3 days; however, only 22 cases (7.3%) were definitively diagnosed on the day of onset, and 162 cases (53.6%) diagnosed within 3 days. There were no significant differences between malaria cases seeking initial diagnosis at medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions in terms of the duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis (Z = −1.663, P > 0.05), from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.413, P > 0.05) or from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.838, P > 0.05). The median duration (interquartile range) from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was 3.00 (2.00), 3.00 (6.00), 2.00 (4.00) d and 1.00 (1.00) d among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower, county-, city- and province-level medical institutions, and the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was significantly longer among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower medical institutions than at city (Z = −3.286, P < 0.008 33) and province-level medical institutions (Z = −9.119, P < 0.008 33), while the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis [1.00 (3.00) d vs. 2.00 (4.00) d; Z = −4.099, P < 0.016] and from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis [3.00 (4.00) d vs. 4.00 (5.00) d; Z = −2.868, P < 0.016] among malaria cases with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City was both shorter than in other cities of Henan Province. The diagnostic accuracy was 89.1% (269/302) among malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made, and the accuracy of malaria reexaminations was 94.0% (284/302) in Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Conclusions P. falciparum malaria was predominant among reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and these imported malaria cases were predominantly diagnosed at medical institutions; however, the diagnostic capability of malaria is poor in township-level and lower medical institutions. Strengthening the collaboration between medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions and improving the diagnostic capability building at medical institutions are recommended to consolidate malaria elimination achivements.

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