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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 196-202, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016479

ABSTRACT

Due to the difference between the system of weights and measures, and the dosage of clinical prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine in various historical periods, the dosage and conversion standard of prescriptions in past dynasties are different. Therefore, when discounting the dosage of famous classical formulas, the principles of inheriting the essence, making the past serve the present, linking the past and the present, and forming a consensus should be followed, firstly, the dosage of the prescription was converted according to the weights and measures system of the past dynasties. If the converted dosage significantly exceeds the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, then on the premise of ensuring that the proportion of the original prescription drug dosage remains unchanged, the conversion shall be based on expert consensus and drug safety evaluation. For drugs measured in non-standard units, a conversion range is provided based on comprehensive literature analysis and physical measurements. For the conversion of service volume, the original text was used as the basis for the conversion with reference to the measurement standards of different eras. If the original dosage is not clear, the converted dosage will be determined based on the historical evolution of the formula, referring to relevant ancient books, and combining modern applications. Eventually, the converting standard for famous classical formulas was determined as follows:during the Han and Tang dynasties, one Liang(两) was equivalent to 13.8 g and one Sheng(升) was equivalent to 200 mL, in the Tang dynasty, one Fen(分) was equivalent to 3.45 g, during the Song, Jin and Yuan dynasties, one Qian(钱) was equivalent to 4.13 g and one Zhan(盏) was equivalent to 300 mL, during the Ming and Qing dynasties, one Qian(钱) was equivalent to 3.73 g, and one Bei(杯) and one Zhong(盅) were equivalent to 200 mL. For drugs recorded in non-standard units of measurement, it is necessary to conduct actual measurements to determine their conversion standards based on comprehensive analysis to determine their origin. If necessary, different records of the dosage of drugs with the same or similar efficacy and indications in medical books of similar ages can be used to assist in determining the conversion standards. The analysis of the principle of dosage conversion for Chinese medicine is helpful for the clinical application and development of famous classical formulas.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1072-1078, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate distinct trahectories of demoralization of maintenance hemodialysis patients in young and middle-aged adults, and analyze the factors that affect the trajectory category, so as to provides reference for formulating individualized intervention strategies.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. From April 2020 to April 2021, young and middle-aged maintenance hemodialysis patients fromShangyu People′s Hospital were collected by convenience sampling method and conducted 4-time follow-up investigation. The survey tools included general information questionnaire, Demoralization Scale Mandarin Version (DS-MV) and Experiences in Close Relationship Scale-Short Form (ECR-S). Latent class growth model was used to identify trajectory patterns of demoralization, Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of demoralization trajectories.Results:Totally, 105 patients were enrolled in the present study. Three distinct trajectories were identified and named as "table high level group" 24 cases, "slow reduction group" 39 cases and "continuous reduction group" 42 cases. Univariate analysis showed that age, occupational status, average income per person in family, number of comorbidities, attachment anxiety scores were related to the category of demoralization trajectories ( F = 15.92, χ2 values were 9.16-15.95, all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age, occupational status, average income per person in family, number of comorbidities, and attachment anxiety scores were important predictors of patterns of demoralization trajectories in young and middle-aged maintenance hemodialysis patients. Conclusions:This study identified three distinct demoralization trajectories in young and middle-aged maintenance hemodialysis patients, clinical nursing should formulate individualized intervention strategies according to the types of patients′ delirium trajectories.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 524-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988633

ABSTRACT

Solenopsis invicta is a kind of invasive pest that causes serious damage to local agriculture, environment, and human health. They attack mainly with venom within stingers. Those who are allergic to the venom would suffer a systemic anaphylaxis, even fatal shock, after being stinged by these ants. Many studies reveal that their venom is mainly composed by water, insoluble alkaloids and trace proteins, within which alkaloids are the main cause of burning sensation and blisters, while allergic reactions are caused by proteins or peptides. The research progress of toxic substances in the venom of Solenopsis invicta as well as the roles and functions of each component were reviewed in this paper.

4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of myopathy-type very long chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD).Methods:The detailed clinical data, muscle biopsy pathology and molecular results of 4 patients with genetically confirmed myopathy-type VLCADD admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital and Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2014 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:All of the 4 patients were late-onset myopathy-type VLCADD. The onset age ranged from 13 to 16 years, with a mean age of 14.5 years. The age at diagnosis ranged from 21 to 54 years, with a mean age of 42.5 years. The main clinical manifestation was repeated rhabdomyolysis, including myalgia, weakness and dark urine. Obvious somnolence was observerd in 1 patient. Muscle biopsy pathology revealed mild lipid accumulation, without vacuoles. Six ACADVL variations were detected in the 4 patients, including c.1283G>A (p.R428H), c.1532G>A (p.R511Q), c.833_835delAGA (p.K278del), c.1843C>T (p.R615 *), c.1748C>T (p.S583L) and c.1391C>T (p.T464I),among which c.1391C>T (p.T464I) was a novel variation, predicted to be likely pathogenic. Other 5 variations were reported pathogenic variations. Conclusions:Myopathy-type VLCADD is characterized by paroxysmal rhabdomyolysis and can be associated with somnolence. There is no specificity in muscle pathology. There are ACADVL variations, among which c.1391C>T is a novel variation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 140-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the clinician′s recognition of the clinical and molecular characteristics of primary familial brain calcification (PFBC).Methods:The detailed clinical information, imaging and molecular characteristics were analyzed in proband and family members of a genetically confirmed autosomal recessive PFBC family. The clinical and imaging features of junctional adhesion molecule 2 (JAM2) gene related PFBC were analyzed in combination with the literature review.Results:The proband was a 32-year-old man, with slurred speech and paroxysmal limb twitch as the first symptoms, accompanied by cognitive dysfunction, and rigidity in the limbs, with epilepsy in the past. Brain CT showed extensive, symmetrical, and bilateral calcification involving the cerebellum, basal ganglia, thalamus, subcortex and cortex. Other family members showed no related clinical symptoms. Brain CT of the parents of the proband showed no calcification. Gene testing of the proband revealed a homozygous c.685C>T(p.R229*) mutation in JAM2 gene, which has been reported as a pathogenic variation abroad, whereas has not been reported in China. The proband′s parents and children were found with heterozygous c.685C>T (p.R229*) mutation.Conclusions:Autosomal recessive inherited PFBC is a rare disease, and JAM2 mutation is a newly discovered pathogenic gene of PFBC in 2020. Patients with intracranial calcification should be alert of JAM2 gene mutation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1563-1570, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the surgical strategies of atlantoaxial dislocation in children with mucopolysaccharidosis IVA.Methods:8 cases of atlantoaxial dislocation in children with mucopolysaccharidosis IVA treated with posterior atlantoaxial reduction, decompression, bone graft and internal fixation from April, 2019 to October, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 2 females, aged 6.2±3.1 years (range, 2-10 years). All the 8 children had lower limb weakness and walking instability, and some of them could not even stand and walk, and all of them had odontoid hypoplasia, atlantoaxial dislocation and systemic skeletal dysplasia. Measures, including American Spinal injury Association (ASIA) grade, modified atlanto-dental interval (mADI) and reduction rate, screw placement type and fusion of bone graft, were recorded and analyzed.Results:The follow-up time was 17.8±7.4 months (range, 8-27 months). The total operation time was 144.0±43.1 mins (range, 90-220 min) and the blood loss during the surgery was 89.1±55.1 ml (range, 15-180 ml). The ASIA grade were 3 cases of "C" level, 4 cases of "D" level and 1 case of "E" level before the operation, and 1 case of "C" level, 1 case of "D" level and 6 cases of "E" level at the latest follow-up. The mADI reduced from 7.38±2.62 mm pre-surgery to 2.50±1.60 mm ( t=5.71, P=0.001). The reduction rate of the latest follow-up mADI was 65.0%±26.3%. 31 pedicle screws were inserted, including 26 Type I screws (83.9%), 4 Type II screws (12.9%) and 1 Type III screw (3.2%), and no injury of spinal cord or blood vessels were observed associated with the Type III screw. One unilateral axial lamina screw was used in 1 case. 5 patients showed fusion (autogenous bone) 6 months after the surgery, 2 patients got fusion (allogeneic bone) 1 year after the surgery, and other patients showed bone graft resorption (allogeneic bone) at the latest follow-up. One patient developed type II respiratory failure on the night of operation and recovered after rescue. Other patients had no complications such as vascular and nerve injury, screw loosening and so on. Conclusion:The majority of children with type IVa mucopolysaccharidosis are accompanied by absence of odontoid process. If such children are complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation and cervical spinal canal stenosis resulting in cervical spinal cord injury, timely surgical intervention should be carried out. Posterior atlantoaxial fusion is a safe and effective surgical method. As children have the characteristics of multi-system involvement, multi-disciplinary cooperation may be needed to ensure perioperative safety.

8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 718-723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence, risk factors and occurrence time of radiation pneumonia (RP) and immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonia (CIP) in patients with lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer who received both thoracic radiotherapy and immunotherapy.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 137 patients with lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer receiving thoracic radiotherapy and at least one cycle of immunotherapy from January 2019 to January 2022 in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were retrospectively analyzed. The occurrence of RP and CIP was determined according to the clinical symptoms and thin-slice chest CT. The risk factors of symptomatic RP were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical data and treatment plan. The relationship between the occurrence time of symptomatic RP and the sequence of thoracic radiotherapy and immunotherapy was compared.Results:In the 137 patients with lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer who received both thoracic radiotherapy and immunotherapy, symptomatic RP was observed in 42 patients (30.7%) , including grade 2 RP in 33 patients (24.1%) , grade 3 RP in 6 patients (4.4%) , grade 4 RP in 1 patient (0.7%) , and grade 5 RP in 2 patients (1.5%) . The incidence of symptomatic RP was 40.0% (28/70) in patients who received thoracic radiation concurrent with immunotherapy and 20.9% (14/67) in non-synchronous patients, and the incidence of severe RP was 10.0% (7/70) and 3.0% (2/67) respectively. CIP was observed in 11 (8.0%) of 137 patients, including grade 2 CIP in 4 patients (2.9%) , grade 3 CIP in 6 patients (4.4%) , grade 5 CIP in 1 patient (0.7%) . There were 54.5% (6/11) of CIP patients with prior or concurrent symptomatic RP. Univariate analysis showed that smoking history ( χ2=9.85, P=0.002) , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) history ( χ2=31.34, P<0.001) , thoracic radiotherapy concurrent with immunotherapy ( χ2=5.88, P=0.015) , total radiotherapy dose ( χ2=8.57, P=0.003) were associated with symptomatic RP. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that COPD history ( OR=9.96, 95% CI: 3.40-29.14, P<0.001) , thoracic radiotherapy concurrent with immunotherapy ( OR=2.84, 95% CI: 1.15-7.00, P=0.024) , and total radiotherapy dose ≥60 Gy ( OR=4.76, 95% CI: 1.68-13.50, P=0.003) were independent risk factors for symptomatic RP. RP occurred earlier in patients who received immunotherapy before thoracic radiotherapy [68.5 d (47.0 d, 101.8 d) ] than in patients who received immunotherapy after thoracic radiotherapy [117.5 d (79.0 d, 166.3 d) ], with a statistically significant difference ( Z=2.54, P=0.010) . Conclusion:The incidence of symptomatic RP is high in patients who receive both thoracic radiotherapy and immunotherapy. The history of COPD, thoracic radiotherapy concurrent with immunotherapy, and the total radiotherapy dose ≥60 Gy are independent influencing factors of symptomatic RP in patients with thoracic radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy. Symptomatic RP occurs earlier in patients who receive immunotherapy before thoracic radiotherapy than in patients who receive immunotherapy after thoracic radiotherapy.

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 754-761, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015266

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of miR-221 on tumor cell proliferation, migration and invasion in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) xenograft model mice, and to preliminarily analyze its possible mechanism of regulating Akt/ mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathway by targeting tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) on tumor cells in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through tumor-bearing nude mice. Methods The A549 cells were divided into control group, mimic group, TIMP-2 group and mimic+TIMP-2 group. The mimic group and TIMP-2 group were transfected with miR-221 mimic and TIMP-2 overexpression plasmids, respectively. The mimic + TIMP-2 group was simultaneously transfected with miR-221 mimic and TIMP-2 overexpression plasmids. The control group was transfected with the same amount of negative control plasmid. After transfection, the cells of each group were injected subcutaneously into the left forelimb to construct the corresponding 4 groups of NSCLC mouse models. The proliferation-related protein (Ki67) was detected by immunohistochemical staining to detected the effect of cell proliferation ability. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and N-cadherin proteins in each group were tested by Western blotting to assess and compare the abilities of migration and invasion. The levels of miR-221, TIMP-2 and Akt/ mTOR pathways in bone marrow and tumor tissues were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results When co-transfected with wild type(WT)-TIMP-2 and miR-221 mimic, the relative luciferase activity in the cells reduced significantly (P<0. 05). Compared with the control group, the tumor mass, volume, Ki67, MMP-2 and N-cadherin protein expression levels, miR-221 and Akt/ mTOR pathway levels were increased significantly, while the levels of TIMP-2 mRNA and protein were significantly reduced in the mimic group (P<0. 05). Compared with the control group, the levels of TIMP-2 mRNA and protein in the TIMP-2 group increased significantly, while the other indicators decreased significantly (P<0. 05). Tumor tissue mass, volume, Ki67, MMP-2, Ncadherin, miR-221 and Akt/ mTOR pathway levels in mimic+TIMP-2 group were significantly lower than those in the mimic group and significantly higher than those in the TIMP-2 group, while TIMP-2 mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher than those in the mimic group and significantly lower than those in the TIMP-2 group (P<0. 05). Conclusion In the NSCLC transplanted tumor mouse model, miR-221 may mediate the Akt/ mTOR pathway by targeting the expression of TIMP-2 protein to promote cell proliferation, migration and invasion.

10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 403-416, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929123

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS)-induced analgesia was characterized, and its underlying mechanisms were examined in a spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain in rats. The analgesic effect of SCS with moderate mechanical hypersensitivity was increased with increasing stimulation intensity between the 20% and 80% motor thresholds. Various frequencies (2, 15, 50, 100, 10000 Hz, and 2/100 Hz dense-dispersed) of SCS were similarly effective. SCS-induced analgesia was maintained without tolerance within 24 h of continuous stimulation. SCS at 2 Hz significantly increased methionine enkephalin content in the cerebrospinal fluid. The analgesic effect of 2 Hz was abolished by μ or κ opioid receptor antagonist. The effect of 100 Hz was prevented by a κ antagonist, and that of 10 kHz was blocked by any of the μ, δ, or κ receptor antagonists, suggesting that the analgesic effect of SCS at different frequencies is mediated by different endorphins and opioid receptors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Analgesics , Narcotic Antagonists/pharmacology , Neuralgia/therapy , Opioid Peptides , Receptors, Opioid/physiology , Receptors, Opioid, kappa , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Stimulation
11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 550-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954321

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the standard treatment for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) . However, TACE has some limitations, TACE combined with systemic therapy may be more beneficial to patients with BCLC stage B/C HCC. To explore the efficacy and safety of TACE combined with molecular targeted therapy, immunotherapy and molecular targeted therapy + immunotherapy in the treatment of B/C stage HCC of BCLC will provide new ideas for the clinical treatment of HCC.

12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 264-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880971

ABSTRACT

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of severe infections. From a cohort including 3060 patients with confirmed COVID-19, 109 (3.4%) cancer patients were included in this study. Among them, 23 (21.1%) patients died in the hospital. Cancer patients, especially those with hematological malignancies (41.6%), urinary carcinoma (35.7%), malignancies of the digestive system (33.3%), gynecological malignancies (20%), and lung cancer (14.3%), had a much higher mortality than patients without cancer. A total of 19 (17.4%) cancer patients were infected in the hospital. The clinical characteristics of deceased cancer patients were compared with those of recovered cancer patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that a Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS2002) score ⩾ 3 (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 11.00; 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.60-26.32; P < 0.001), high-risk type (adjusted HR 18.81; 95% CI 4.21-83.93; P < 0.001), tumor stage IV (adjusted HR 4.26; 95% CI 2.34-7.75; P < 0.001), and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) (adjusted HR 3.16; 95% CI 1.75-5.70; P < 0.01) were independent risk factors for in-hospital death after adjusting for age, comorbidities, D-dimer, and lymphocyte count. In conclusion, cancer patients showed a higher risk of COVID-19 infection with a poorer prognosis than patients without cancer. Cancer patients with high-risk tumor, NRS2002 score ⩾ 3, advanced tumor stage, and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) may have high risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Hospital Mortality , Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 150-154, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of 6-formylindolo[3,2-b]carbazole (FICZ) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.Methods:Male C57BL/6J mice aged 8-12 weeks were divided into 4 groups with 8 mice in each group, according to the method of simple random sampling. Sepsis-induced ALI mice model was established by intraperitoneal injection of LPS 5 mg/kg (LPS group), and phosphate buffer saline (PBS) control group (PBS group) was injected with equal volume of PBS. The LPS+FICZ group was intervened by intraperitoneal injection of 1 μg FICZ 1 hour after LPS stimuli, while the FICZ control group (FICZ group) was given the same amount of FICZ 1 hour after intraperitoneal injection of PBS. Serum and lung tissue were collected 24 hours after LPS stimuli, and the pathological changes of lung tissue were analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio of lung tissue. The concentrations of inflammatory factors in serum and lung tissue were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling pathway related molecules were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting.Results:Compared with PBS group, inflammatory cell infiltration, alveolar collapse and obvious alveolar exudative lesions had increased, lung tissue W/D ratio was significantly increased, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) level, lung tissue IL-6 mRNA expression, and the mRNA expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), CCAAT/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), and the protein expressions of GRP78, PERK, activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), CHOP in lung tissue were significantly increased in LPS group. However, the indexes of FICZ group were not affected. Compared with LPS group, LPS+FICZ group had less inflammatory cell infiltration, relatively intact alveolar structure. Lung W/D weight ratio in LPS+FICZ group was significantly decreased (5.38±0.10 vs. 6.60±0.30, P < 0.01), so as serum IL-6 (ng/L: 15.55±3.77 vs. 32.22±3.84) and lung IL-6 mRNA expression (2 -ΔΔCt: 0.79±0.21 vs. 6.89±0.92, both P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of GRP78, PERK and CHOP were also significantly decreased [GRP78 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.90±0.16 vs. 7.55±1.29, PERK mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.68±0.20 vs. 4.54±0.89, CHOP mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 1.13±0.24 vs. 4.44±1.13, all P < 0.05], and the protein expressions of GRP78, PERK, ATF6 and CHOP were significantly decreased (GRP78/GAPDH: 0.59±0.02 vs. 0.77±0.01, PERK/GAPDH: 0.48±0.03 vs. 1.04±0.05, ATF6/GAPDH: 0.51±0.03 vs. 0.65±0.01, CHOP/GAPDH: 0.91±0.05 vs. 1.11±0.07, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:FICZ protects LPS-induced ALI possibly via suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress and reducing IL-6 expression in blood and lung tissue.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2465-2474, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2C (UBE2C) has been shown to be associated with the occurrence of various cancers and involved in many tumorigenic processes. This study aimed to investigate the specific molecular mechanism through which UBE2C affects breast cancer (BC) proliferation.@*METHODS@#BC-related datasets were screened according to filter criteria in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Then differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using Venn diagram analysis. By using DEGs, we conducted the following analyses including Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), protein-protein interaction (PPI), and survival analysis, and then validated the function of the hub gene UBE2C using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, transwell assay, and Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#In total, 151 DEGs were identified from the GEO and TCGA databases. The results of GO analysis demonstrated that the DEGs were significantly enriched with mitotic nuclear division, lipid droplet, and organic acid-binding. KEGG analysis showed that the peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, and proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation were significantly enriched in the signal transduction pathway category. The top three hub genes that resulted from the PPI network were FOXM1, UBE2C, and CDKN3. The results of survival analysis showed a close relationship between UBE2C and BC. The results of CCK-8 and transwell assays suggested that the proliferation and invasion of UBE2C knockdown cells were significantly inhibited (P < 0.050). The results of Western blot assay showed that the level of phosphorylated phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome 10 (p-PTEN) was obviously increased (P < 0.050), whereas the levels of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) were dramatically decreased (P < 0.050) in the UBE2C knockdown cell.@*CONCLUSION@#UBE2C can promote BC proliferation by activating the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Signal Transduction/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes/metabolism
15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 395-399, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878376

ABSTRACT

Climate change has been referred to as one of the greatest threats to human health, with reports citing likely increases in extreme meteorological events. In this study, we estimated the relationships between temperature and outpatients at a major hospital in Qingdao, China, during 2015-2017, and assessed the morbidity burden. The results showed that both low and high temperatures were associated with an increased risk of outpatient visits. High temperatures were responsible for more morbidity than low temperatures, with an attributed fraction (AF) of 16.86%. Most temperature-related burdens were attributed to moderate cold and hot temperatures, with AFs of 5.99% and 14.44%, respectively, with the young (0-17) and male showing greater susceptibility. The results suggest that governments should implement intervention measures to reduce the adverse effects of non-optimal temperatures on public health-especially in vulnerable groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , China/epidemiology , Cold Temperature/adverse effects , Cost of Illness , Digestive System Diseases/therapy , Facilities and Services Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Poisson Distribution , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Risk Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 535-539, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, myopathological and genetic mutation characteristics in two Chinese families with paramyotonia congenita (PMC).Methods:Clinical manifestations, electrophysiology, muscle pathology and gene sequencing of two Chinese families with PMC were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Family 1 involved 12 patients in 4 consecutive generations and family 2 involved only 1 patient in 3 generations. The onset of symptoms in all patients started at early childhood. Both probands presented with myotonia triggered by cold and paroxysmal weakness. However, the other 11 patients in family 1 only manifested cold-induced myotonia. Serum creatine kinase (CK) was slightly elevated between attacks of weakness in the 2 probands, and was even greater than 10 000 U/L during the episodes of weakness in the second proband, whose lower limb MRI revealed edema in bilateral medial gastrocnemius. Electromyography showed diffuse myotonia discharge and myogenic impairment in both probands, and myotonia discharge in the first proband′s mother. Muscle pathology of both probands showed mild myopathic changes, and tube aggregation was occasionally observed in the second one. Genetic testing revealed a maternally inherited heterozygous R1448H mutation of SCN4A gene in the first proband and part of his family. A novel heterozygous R1448G mutation of SCN4A gene was reported in the second proband.Conclusions:Cold-triggered myotonia with or without paroxysmal weakness are the common characteristics of PMC. Myotonic potential and myogenic impairment can be tested in electromyography. The p.R1448G mutation is a new missense mutation.

17.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 450-456, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843213

ABSTRACT

Objective : To study the synergistic effect of chemo-photothermal on castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) for enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapy by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Methods ¡¤ High-purity SWCNTs were used as the drug carrier. Firstly, SWCHTs were truncated (shorten SWCNTs, s-SWCNTs) by mixed acid solutions. At the same time, a large amount of -COOH were in-troduced onto the surface of s-SWCNTs. Secondly, the polyethylene glycol (PEG) with amino terminated was successfully modified onto s-SWCNTs through amido linkage in N-hydroxysuccinimide and 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethyl-carbodiimide hydrochloride solutions to endow s-SWCNTs with water solubility and biocompatibility. Finally, docetaxel (DTX) was successfully loaded through nano-deposition method and π-π stacking on the surface of s-SWCNTs. Thus a nanosystem with both chemotherapy and photothermal properties was established. The chemo-photothermal therapy synergistic inhibition on CRPC cell line C4-2 in vitro and the anti-tumor effect in vivo were evaluated. Results ¡¤ Fourier transform infrared spectrum and zeta potential test showed that -COOH was successfully introduced onto s-SWCNTs, and the amount of -COOH was 0.412 mol per gram of SWCNTs determined by automatic conduct metric titration. The UV absorption spectrum showed that DTX was successfully loaded onto the nanosystem. By monitoring the UV absorption of the dialysate, DTX could be loaded onto SWCNTs up to 1.35 mg per gram of s-SWCNTs. Under the stimulation of acidic conditions, DTX could be rapidly released from the surface of the nanosystem. The in vitro cell viability and in vivo anti-tumor experiment showed that DTX combined with photothermal had a synergetic effect on killing C4-2 cells than any single treatment model. Conclusion ¡¤ DTX-loaded s-SWCNTs nanosystem with high stability and photothermal effect can inhib-it the growth of CRPC cells and the tumor growth in mice bearing CRPC. The nanosystem with synergistic effect of chemotherapy and photo-thermal therapy could be used in the treatment of prostate cancer which is resistant to chemotherapy drugs.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1098-1101, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a scientific and systematic department rotation examination and evaluation system adapted to the development of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine according to the clinical needs and the actual situation of the hospital.Methods:The literature analysis method and Delphi method were adopted to determine the index system after two rounds of consultation. The weight of the index was determined by the method of optimal sequence diagram.Results:The positive coefficients of the two rounds of consulting experts were 100% and 95.65%. The average value of the authoritative coefficients of the two consulting groups was 0.85. And the coordination coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultations were 0.513 and 0.516 respectively. Finally, five first-level indicators and 14 second-level indicators were established.Conclusion:The enthusiasm and coordination coefficient of experts are good, and the results are credible. The established index system can be used for standardized residency training assessment of residents in Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 74-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780578

ABSTRACT

@#In this study a <italic>D</italic>-galactose-induced aging rat model combined with <sup>1</sup>H NMR of serum and liver metabolomics were used to explore the anti-aging effect and the potential metabolic regulatory mechanism of <italic>Scutellaria baicalensis</italic> Georgi leaves. All procedures involving animal treatment were approved according to the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments of Shanxi University. The results of physical characteristics, an open field test and serum biochemical indexes indicated that <italic>Scutellaria baicalensis</italic> Georgi leaves had an anti-aging effect that could ameliorate the characteristics of aging rats such as acquired hair loss and slow response, improve the spontaneous activity of aging rats, and decrease lipid peroxidation and glycosylation damage induced by <italic>D</italic>-galactose. Serum and liver metabolomics further revealed that <italic>Scutellaria baicalensis</italic> Georgi leaves could decrease serum and liver metabolism disturbances in aging rats, mainly through different metabolites and metabolic pathways. Specifically, 12 differential metabolites including glutamine and glutamate, 11 metabolic pathways including <italic>D</italic>-glutamine and <italic>D</italic>-glutamate metabolism and alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism in serum were significantly altered after the treatment. Simultaneously, five differential metabolites such as <italic>α</italic>-glucose and <italic>β</italic>-glucose, two metabolic pathways that are glycolysis or gluconeogenesis, and starch and sucrose metabolism in the liver were markedly altered.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 508-512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880401

ABSTRACT

Flash radiotherapy is a kind of radiotherapy method using ultra-high dose rate radiation. Compared with the traditional dose rate radiotherapy, it has unique radiobiological advantages. In this paper, the principle of flash radiotherapy, the process and results of biological experiments are summarized. At the same time, the advantages and challenges of flash radiotherapy are analyzed, and the future clinical application is prospected.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage , Technology
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