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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in esophageal cancer tissues with sensitivity of radical radiotherapy and prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 98 esophageal cancer patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from January 2017 to July 2019 were selected, and all patients received radical radiotherapy. The efficacy was assessed after 4 weeks of radiotherapy, partial remission (PR) + complete remission (CR) was treated as the sensitive group and disease progression (PD) + stable disease (SD) was treated as the tolerated group. The expression of EGFR in cancer tissues and paraneoplastic tissues (more than 5cm from the margin of cancer tissues) was measured by using immunohistochemistry. The expression of EGFR in cancer tissues and paraneoplastic tissues and the clinicopathological characteristics of the sensitive and tolerant groups were compared. Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the factors influencing the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between EGFR expression in cancer tissues and prognosis of patients.Results:The positive expression rate of EGFR in esophageal cancer tissues (66.3%, 65/98) was higher than that in paraneoplastic tissues (29.6%, 29/98), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=26.49, P < 0.001). All 98 patients successfully completed radical radiotherapy, including 4 cases of CR, 60 cases of PR, 26 cases of SD and 8 cases of PD. The proportion of patients with highly differentiated and tumor length ≤1.5 cm in the sensitive group was higher than that in the tolerant group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The positive expression rate of EGFR in cancer tissues in the sensitive group (56.3%, 36/64) was lower than that in the tolerant group (85.3%, 29/34), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=8.39, P < 0.001). Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that poor differentiation, tumor long diameter >1.5 cm, and positive EGFR expression were independent risk factors for overall survival in patients with esophageal cancer (all P < 0.05). The difference in overall survival between patients with positive and negative EGFR expression was statistically significant ( χ2=9.70, P = 0.002). Conclusions:Highly-expressed EGFR in esophageal cancer tissues may suggest low sensitivity of radical radiotherapy and poor prognosis of patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 681-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between serum high density lipoprotein subtype 3 cholesterol (HDL3-C) levels and the severity and in-stent restenosis of patients with coronary artery disease.Methods:124 patients with coronary artery diseases and 62 healthy controls were included in this clinical case-control retrospective study. Participants were hospitalized from November 2020 to November 2021 at Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were enrolled. Patients with coronary artery disease were as follows: 28 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 96 patients with stable coronary heart disease. Serum HDL3-C levels as well as total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were determined. According to the coronary artery angiography results of all patients at the time of admission, Gensini scores were calculated and patients were divided into in-stent restenosis group ( n=22), no in-stent stenosis group ( n=23) and non-stent implantation group ( n=79). The correlation between HDL3-C levels and other parameters was analyzed by Pearson or Spearman correlation analyses. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the impact of HDL3-C on the in-stent restenosis of coronary artery diseases. Results:Compared with controls, serum levels of HDL3-C and HDL-C were significantly decreased in patients with coronary artery diseases (all P<0.05). There was a significantly negative correlation between HDL3-C levels and Gensini scores ( r=-0.201, P=0.043). Among patients with coronary artery disease, serum levels of HDL3C, TC and TG in the in-stent restenosis group were significantly lower than in no in-stent stenosis group as well as than in the non-stent implantation group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that after adjusting for age, sex, lipid-lowering drugs and TC, TG, LDLC parameters, HDL3-C ( OR=0.885, 95% CI 0.791-0.990, P=0.033) and HDL-C ( OR=0.018, 95% CI 0.001-0.426, P=0.013) levels were both independently associated with the occurrence of coronary artery disease; only HDL3-C levels (no in-stent stenosis group as the reference: OR=0.833, 95% CI 0.698-0.994, P=0.042; non-stent implantation group as the reference: OR=0.812, 95% CI 0.685-0.963, P=0.017) were independently associated with the presence of in-stent restenosis ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum HDL3-C levels are decreased in patients with coronary artery disease, especially in patients with in-stent restenosis. HDL3-C levels are associated with the severity of coronary artery lesions and the presence of in-stent restenosis of coronary arteries.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 660-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995776

ABSTRACT

New techniques in clinical lipid measurements, such as vertical auto profile, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electrospray differential mobility analysis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry, are becoming increasingly mature. Clinical application of these new techniques significantly promoted the use of new lipid parameters including the particle concentrations of low-density lipoprotein/high-density lipoprotein and other lipoprotein subtype in the risk stratification of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and in the efficacy monitoring of lipid-regulating therapy, above progress is helpful on developing new individualized and precise lipid management strategies. This review analyzed and summarized the research progress of the new techniques for lipid measurements in recent years, aiming to provide evidence to develop new ideas for the individualized and accurate lipid management in clinical practice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 182-188, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with nimotuzumab in the treatment of patients with inoperable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 503 patients with inoperable ESCC who underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Changzhou No. 2 People′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University and Department of Radiation Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from 2014 to 2020. Among these patients, 69 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with nimotuzumab (the combined therapy group) and 434 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone (the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group). Patients of both groups were matched at a ratio of 1∶2 using the propensity score matching (PSM) method. As a result, 168 patients were determined for clinical analysis, including 61 in the combined therapy group and 107 in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group. The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of both groups were compared. The overall survival (OS) curves and progression-free survival (PFS) curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method for the Log-rank test.Results:The two groups showed no statistical difference ( P > 0.05) in clinical baseline characteristics after the PSM. The objective response rate (ORR) of the combined therapy group was significantly higher than that of the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group with statistically significant differences (85.2% vs. 71.0%, χ2 = 4.33, P = 0.037). There was no statistical difference (98.4% vs. 91.6%, P > 0.05) in the disease control rate (DCR) between the two groups. The combined therapy group had median PFS of 28.07 months and 1-, 3-, and 5-year PFS ratios of 78.2%, 37.5% and 29.1%, respectively. The concurrent chemoradiotherapy group had mPFS of 19.54 months and 1-, 3-, and 5-year PFS ratios of 72.9%, 28.3% and 21.3%, respectively. Both groups showed statistically significant differences in PFS ( χ2 = 4.49, P = 0.034). The combined group had median OS of 34.93 months and 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS ratios of 88.5%, 46.8% and 37.4%, respectively. The concurrent chemoradiotherapy group had mOS of 24.30 months and 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS ratios of 81.3%, 35.2% and 28.0%, respectively. Both groups showed statistically significant differences in OS (χ 2= 5.11, P = 0.024), but did not show statistical differences ( P > 0.05) in the severity degree of each adverse effect during the treatment. Conclusions:Concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with nimotuzumab can improve the ORR and prolong the PFS and OS of patients with inoperable ESCC compared with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone. Furthermore, combining with nimotuzumab does not increase adverse effects and can be tolerated by patients with high safety.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 922-927, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013198

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of hospitalized children infected with the Omicron variant in Kunming after the withdrawal of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) and analyze the risk factors of severe cases. Methods: Clinical data was retrospectively collected from 1 145 children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection who were hospitalized in six tertiary grade A hospitals in Kunming from December 10th, 2022 to January 9th, 2023. According to clinical severity, these patients were divided into the general and severe SARS-CoV-2 groups, and their clinical and laboratory data were compared. Between-group comparison was performed using t-test, chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman correlation test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to determine the risk factors of severe illness. Results: A total of 1 145 hospitalized patients were included, of whom 677 were male and 468 female. The age of these patients at visit was 1.7 (0.5, 4.1) years. Specifically, there were 758 patients (66.2%) aged ≤3 years at visit and 387 patients (33.8%) aged >3 years. Of these children, 89 cases (7.8%) had underline diseases and the remaining 1 056 cases (92.2%) had no combined diseases. Additionally, of all the patients, 319 cases (27.9%) were vaccinated with one or two doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, 748 cases (65.3%) had acute upper respiratory tract infection (AURTI), and six cases died (0.5%). A total of 1 051 cases (91.8%) were grouped into general SARS-CoV-2 group and 94 cases (8.2%) were grouped into severe SARS-CoV-2 group. Compared with the general cases, the severe cases showed a lower rate of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and younger median age, lower lymphocyte count, as well as proportions of CD8+T lymphocyte (36 cases (38.3%) vs. 283 cases (26.9%), 0.5 (2.6, 8.0) vs. 1.6 (0.5, 3.9) years, 1.3 (1.0, 2.7) ×109 vs. 2.7 (1.3,4.4)×109/L, 0.17 (0.12, 0.24) vs. 0.21 (0.15, 0.16), respectively, χ2=4.88, Z=-2.21,-5.03,-2.53, all P<0.05). On the other hand, the length of hospital stay, proportion of underline diseases, ALT, AST, creatine kinase isoenzyme, and troponin T were higher in the severe group compared to those in the general group ((11.6±5.9) vs. (5.3±1.8) d, 41 cases (43.6%) vs. 48 cases (4.6%), 67 (26,120) vs. 20 (15, 32) U/L, 51 (33, 123) vs. 44 (34, 58) U/L、56.9 (23.0, 219.3) vs. 3.6 (1.9, 17.9) U/L, 12.0 (4.9, 56.5) vs. 3.0 (3.0, 7.0) ×10-3 pg/L,respectively, t=-20.43, χ2=183.52, Z=-9.14,-3.12,-6.38,-3.81, all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that increased leukocyte count (OR=1.88, 95%CI 1.18-2.97, P<0.01), CRP (OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.06-1.31, P<0.01), ferritin (OR=1.01, 95%CI 1.00-1.00, P<0.01), interleukin (IL)-6 (OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.01-1.08, P=0.012), D-dimer (OR=2.56, 95%CI 1.44-4.56, P<0.01) and decreased CD4+T lymphocyte (OR=0.84, 95%CI 0.73-0.98, P=0.030) were independently associated with the risk of severe SARS-CoV-2 in hospitalized children with Omicron infection. Conclusions: After the withdrawal of NPI, the pediatric inpatients with Omicron infection in Kunming were predominantly children younger than 3 years of age, and mainly manifested as AURTI with relatively low rate of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection and mortality. Elevated leukocyte counts, CRP, ferritin, IL-6, D-dimer, and decreased CD4+T lymphocytes are significant risk factors for developing severe SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Male , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Ferritins , Interleukin-6
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1111-1117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010176

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is clinically severe, with a high mortality rate and rare neuropsychiatric symptoms. In the course of diagnosis and treatment, it is necessary to actively determine whether the neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients are caused by neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) or macrophage activation syndrome. This paper retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 2 cases of SLE associated MAS with neuropsychiatric lesions, Case 1: A 30-year-old female had obvious alopecia in 2019, accompanied by emaciation, fatigue and dry mouth. In March 2021, she felt weak legs and fell down, followed by fever and chills without obvious causes. After completing relevant examinations, she was diagnosed with SLE and given symptomatic treatments such as hormones and anti-infection, but the patient still had fever. The relevant examinations showed moderate anemia, elevated ferritin, elevated triglycerides, decreased NK cell activity, and a perforin positivity rate of 4.27%, which led to the diagnosis of "pre-hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS)". In May 2021, the patient showed mental trance and babble, and was diagnosed with "SLE-associated MAS"after completing relevant examinations. After treatment with methylprednisolone, anti-infection and psychotropic drugs, the patient's temperature was normal and mental symptoms improved. Case 2: A 30-year-old female patient developed butterfly erythema on both sides of the nose on her face and several erythema on her neck in June 2019, accompanied by alopecia, oral ulcers, and fever. She was diagnosed with "SLE" after completing relevant examinations, and her condition was relieved after treatment with methylprednisolone and human immunoglobulin. In October 2019, the patient showed apathy, no lethargy, and fever again, accompanied by dizziness and vomiting. The relevant examination indicated moderate anemia, decreased NK cell activity, elevated triglycerides, and elevated ferritin. The patient was considered to be diagnosed with "SLE, NPSLE, and SLE-associated MAS". After treatment with hormones, human immunoglobulin, anti-infection, rituximab (Mabthera), the patient's condition improved and was discharged from the hospital. After discharge, the patient regularly took methylprednisolone tablets (Medrol), and her psychiatric symptoms were still intermittent. In November 2019, she developed symptoms of fever, mania, and delirium, and later turned to an apathetic state, and was given methylprednisolone intravenous drip and olanzapine tablets (Zyprexa) orally. After the mental symptoms improved, she was treated with rituximab (Mabthera). Later, due to repeated infections, she was replaced with Belizumab (Benlysta), and she was recovered from her psychiatric anomalies in March 2021. Through the analysis of clinical symptoms, imaging examination, laboratory examination, treatment course and effect, it is speculated that the neuropsychiatric symptoms of case 1 are more likely to be caused by MAS, and that of case 2 is more likely to be caused by SLE. At present, there is no direct laboratory basis for the identification of the two neuropsychiatric symptoms. The etiology of neuropsychiatric symptoms can be determined by clinical manifestations, imaging manifestations, cerebrospinal fluid detection, and the patient's response to treatment. Early diagnosis is of great significance for guiding clinical treatment, monitoring the condition and judging the prognosis. The good prognosis of the two cases in this paper is closely related to the early diagnosis, treatment and intervention of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Macrophage Activation Syndrome/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Lupus Vasculitis, Central Nervous System , Fever/drug therapy , Erythema/drug therapy , Hormones/therapeutic use , Anemia , Alopecia/drug therapy , Triglycerides/therapeutic use , Ferritins/therapeutic use
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6088-6092, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008808

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents in the non-alkaloid part of stems of Dendrobium nobile. The macroporous adsorption resin, MCI, silica gel, RP-C_(18), and Sephadex LH-20 gel, preparative thin layer chromatography, and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) were used to isolate and purify the compounds. The structures of the compound were determined according to the spectra data, physicochemical properties, and relevant references. A total of 8 compounds were isolated from D. nobile, which were soltorvum F(1), p-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid(2), vanillic acid(3), p-hydroxybenzoic acid(4), N-trans-cinnamic acid acyl-p-hydroxybenzene ethylamine(5),(+)-(1R,2S,3R,4S,5R,6S,9R)-2,11,12-trihydroxypicrotoxane-3(15)-lactone(6), dendronobilin H(7), soltorvum E(8). Compound 1 was a novel compound, named as soltorvum F. Compound 8 was isolated from Dendrobium species for the first time.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes, Guaiane , Sesquiterpenes/chemistry
8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 684-692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971914

ABSTRACT

In recent years, liver cancer stem cells (LCSC) have been considered one of the main causes of treatment failure and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Many studies have shown that LCSC are a small fraction of cells with the abilities of self-renewal, differentiation, and tumorigenesis in HCC tumor, which can initiate the onset of HCC and affect its proliferation, invasion, metastasis, recurrence, and drug resistance. Therapies based on tumor microenvironment (TME) have been developed recently, and a number of studies have found that targeting the relevant elements of TME has a higher therapeutic value than targeting tumor cells themselves. TME is the microenvironment for the growth of LCSC and HCC cells, and it interacts with LCSC and has a synergistic effect, thereby playing a positive role in the development and progression of HCC. This article introduces how various cellular components and non-cellular components in TME interact with LCSC to regulate the development and progression of the HCC. In addition, this article also describes the molecular targets, therapies, and drugs associated with the main components of TME and LCSCs, in order to seek safer and more effective targeted therapies for HCC.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2767-2780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981380

ABSTRACT

The chemical compositions of Rodgersia aesculifolia were isolated and purified using a combination of silica gel, reverse phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures were determined according to the physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. The MTT method and the ABTS kit were used to measure the cytotoxicity and antioxidant capacity of all isolates, respectively. Thirty-four compounds were isolated from R. aesculifolia and elucidated as stigmastane-6β-methoxy-3β,5α-diol(1), stigmastane-3β,5α,6β triol(2), β-sitosterol(3), β-daucosterol(4), stigmast-4-en-3-one(5), bergenin(6), 11-β-D-glucopyranosyl-bergenin(7), 11-O-galloybergenin(8), 1,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(9), gallic acid(10), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester(11), ethyl gallate(12), ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate(13), caffeic acid ethyl ester(14), p-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid(15), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid(16), 2,3-dihydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-propan-1-one(17), 3,7-dimethyl-2-octene-1,7-diol(18), crocusatin-B(19), neroplomacrol(20), geniposide(21), 3-hydroxyurs-12-en-27-oic acid(22), 3β-trans-p-coumaroyloxy-olean-12-en-27-oic acid(23), aceriphyllic acid G(24), isolariciresinol(25), trans-rodgersinine B(26), cis-rodgersinine A(27), neo-olivil(28),(7S,8R)-dihydro-3'-hydroxy-8-hydroxy-methyl-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy phenyl)-1'-benzofuranpropanol(29), 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone(30), quercetin 3-rutinoside(31), catechin-[8,7-e]-4β-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl)-dihydro-2(3H)-pyranone(32), ethyl α-L-arabino-furanoside(33), and l-linoleoylglycerol(34). One new compound was discovered(compound 1), 25 compounds were first isolated from R. aesculifolia, and 22 compounds were first isolated from the Rodgersia plant. The results indicated that compounds 22-24 possessed cytotoxicity for HepG2, MCF-7, HCT-116, BGC-823, and RAFLS cell lines(IC_(50) ranged from 5.89 μmol·L~(-1) to 20.5 μmol·L~(-1)). Compounds 8-14 and 30-32 showed good antioxidant capacity, and compound 9 showed the strongest antioxidant activity with IC_(50) of(2.00±0.12) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/analysis , Silica Gel/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 321-324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965746

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Sensory abnormalities are common in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and its manifestations are complex and diverse, which may be an important factor that affects and aggravates core damages such as social barriers and rigid behaviors. However, at present, there is obviously insufficient emphasis on sensory abnormality in ASD, and a lack of questionnaires and evaluation tools for comprehensively evaluating the characteristics of sensory abnormality in China. The research on the peripheral and central nervous mechanisms behind abnormal behavior is still in its infancy, sensory evaluation tools and methods should be developed and enriched as soon as possible, for ultraearly identification and clinical accurate classification of ASD. Future researches on the neural mechanism related to sensory abnormality should be promoted for targeted intervention therapy,and individualized and diversified intervention in ASD and individualized and diversified.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 812-816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To formulate surgical strategies and guide the implementation of laparoscopic anatomical hepatectomy with preoperative simulative resection.Methods:Twenty-two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic lobe, segment, subsegment and combined segment liver resection following preoperative simulative resection from Sep 2020 to Jan 2022 were enrolled in this study retrospectively.We observed and analyzed the operation time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complication.Results:All patients underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy successfully according to the preoperative simulative resection plan without conversion, some of them adjusted plan according to preoperative simulative resection. The median operation time was 170.0 min, the median intraoperative blood loss was 150.0 ml, the median times of pringle maneuver was done on 4 episodes, and the median postoperative hospital stay was 6.5 days. There were no severe postoperative complications in all cases.Conclusion:Preoperative simulative resection can plan the range of surgical resection accurately by visualizing important anatomical structures,greatly helping the actual surgical hepatectomy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 524-529,C8-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of baseline function movement assessment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on treatment outcomes.Methods:The clinical data of 90 patients with AS who met the medical insurance treatment for major disease in Chengdu were collected including clinical symptoms, functional movement screen (FMS) and ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score (ASDAS) after 24 weeks adalimumab treatment. They were divided into the non-treat-to-target group and the non-treat-to target group based on the ASDAS score, t-test or χ2 test was used to compare the differences between the two groups. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of baseline FMS on the outcome of patients reaching the treatment target. Results:① The two groups were different in the FMS [(15.8±2.3) vs (12. 6±2.5), t=6.17, P<0.001], squat [(2.2±0.6) vs (1.7±0.5), t=3.57, P=0.001], hurdle spanning [(2.2±0.7) vs (1.8±0.6), t=2.11, P=0.038], straight lunge [(2.3±0.7) vs (1.7±0.5), t=4.23, P<0.001], shoulder flexibility [(2.5±0.6) vs (2.2±0.8), t=2.21, P=0.037], active straight leg raise [(2.1±0.6) vs (1.8±0.6), t=2.35, P=0.021], spinal stabilization pushups [(2.4±0.7) vs (1.8±0.8), t=3.76, P<0.001], body rotation stability [(2.2±0.7) vs (1.6±0.8), t=3.42, P=0.001] at baseline. ② The two groups were different in ASDAS score [(0.96±0.28) vs (2.19±0.52), t=14.69, P=0.000], FMS [(17.4±1.9) vs (12.7±2.8), t=9.77, P<0.001], deep squat [(2.6±0.5) vs (1.5±0.5), t=9.09, P<0.001], hurdle step [(2.2±0.6) vs (1.8±0.8), t=2.80, P=0.006], straight lunge [(2.6±0.6) vs (1.8±0.9), t=4.85, P<0.001], shoulder flexibility [(2.8±0.4) vs (2.5±0.5), t=2.10, P=0.038], active straight leg raise [(2.2±0.6) vs (1.9±0.8), t=2.46, P=0.016], spinal stability push-ups [(2.8±0.4) vs (1.6±0.7), t=10.36, P<0.001], and body rotation stability [(2.3±0.7) vs (1.6±0.8), t=4.76, P<0.001] at the end of the observation. ③ The cut-off value of the FMS for predicting whether AS patients meet the standard at baseline was 14.25 points (Sensitivity 0.733, specificity 0.800). ④ Logistic regression results showed that in the baseline, FMS series of action tests, squat [ OR (95% CI)=0.155 (0.035, 0.677), P=0.013], straight lunge [ OR (95% CI)=0.375 (0.148, 0.953), P=0.039], spinal stability push-ups [ OR(95% CI)=0.136(0.043, 0.436), P=0.001], and body rotation stability [ OR(95% CI)=0.308 (0.121, 0.780), P=0.013] were the influencing factors of the AS patient's treatment outcome ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The AS patients in the non-treat-to-target group have better FMS tests at baseline and at the end of the study than the non-treat-to-target group. Squats, straight lunges, remember stable push-ups, and body rotation stability are the influencing factors for the treatment outcomes of AS patients at baseline.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1375-1379, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of modified Huiyangyin Decoction combined with Kinesio taping in the treatment of early and middle stage knee osteoarthritis.Methods:A total of 92 patients with early and middle stages of knee osteoarthritis, who admitted to our hospital from July 2021 to January 2022), were randomized into the western medicine group and the observation group by the random number table method, 46 in each group. The western medicine group received celecoxib capsules and sodium hyaluronate injection therapy, whicle the patients in the observation group received modified Huiyangyin Decoction combined with Kinesio taping on the basis of wetern medicine treatment. The treatment effect rates, angle of the knee joint initiative activity (AROM) changes and TCM syndrome (knee joint ache, swelling in the knee joint, rigid and claudication) changes, changes of pain intensity by visual analog scores (VAS), WOMAC scores, circumference of knee joint and Stand up time test, and adverse events were recorded and compared.Results:The total effective rate was 95.7% (44/46) in the observation group and 82.6% (38/46) in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=4.04, P=0.045). After treatment, the flexion, internal rotation and external rotation of the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t=2.85, 2.29, 2.22, respectively, all Ps <0.05). The scores and total scores of knee pain, knee swelling, stiffness, claudication in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=20.53, 19.74, 17.40, 17.63, 27.13, respectively, all Ps<0.001). The VAS and WOMAC scores were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=10.47, 10.55, respectively, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, the circumference of knee joint in the observation group [(33.69±1.11) cm vs. (34.55±1.37) cm; t=10.47, P<0.01] was significantly lower than that of the control group, and the time of standing up and walking was [(19.50±2.45) s vs. (28.12±2.22) s; t=10.55, P<0.01] were significantly shorter than those in the control group. During treatment, the incidence of adverse events in the observation group was 2.2% (1/46), and that in the control group was 4.3% (2/46). There was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.35, P=0.557). Conclusion:The modified Huiyangyin Decoction combined with Kinesio taping treatment has significant clinical effect, less adverse events for the patients with early and middle stage knee osteoarthritis.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 655-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014203

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke(IS)is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability with a high incidence and recurrence rate.However, effective therapy for treating IS is still unavailable in clinic.Peroxisome proliferation-activated receptors(PPARs)is a type of ligand-activated nuclear transcription factors that play a key role in a variety of biological processes.PPARs are close to IS, hence this study reviews that PPARs exerts the protective effect on IS through mediating neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, apoptosis, autophagy, demyelination, blood brain barrier function, encephaledema and lactic acid metabolism, which hopes to provide novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of IS.

15.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 37-41, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987447

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate current status of hospital infection management in psychiatric hospitals in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, so as to provide references for improving the level of hospital infection management of psychiatric hospitals. MethodsIn December 2020, on-site supervision was conducted on hospital infection management in all 9 psychiatric hospitals in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, meantime, the self-compiled questionnaire on hospital infection management status was used for investigation. ResultsAmong the selected hospitals, nine (100.00%) psychiatric hospitals had the main hospital leaders in charge of hospital infection management, five (55.56%) hospitals had established a hospital infection management committee, six (66.67%) hospitals had established an independent hospital infection management department, and one (11.11%) hospital had developed all 13 systems mentioned in the questionnaire related to hospital infection management and job responsibilities. In terms of hospital infection management staff, there were 23 staff members in the nine psychiatric hospitals, including 3 in the specialty (13.04%) and 20 in the part-time setting (86.96%). The score of the implementation of the basic system of hospital infection management in nine hospitals was (3.28±2.22). ConclusionThe system specification related to hospital infection management in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region psychiatric hospitals needs to be improved and further strengthened, the professionalism of hospital infection management personnel needs to be improved.

16.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1147-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971812

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To explore the carrying status of four common deafness genes and mutations on 10 loci in newborns in Hainan, and to analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of deafness genes and their loci, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating neonatal deafness gene screening strategy and promoting children's hearing health in Hainan. Methods Newborns born in Hainan from January 2020 to December 2021 were selected as the research objects. The demographic characteristics of the research objects were collected. At the same time, the plantar blood of newborns was collected, and multiplex PCR amplification and directed hybridization combined with high-throughput sequencing technology were applied to detect 10 mutation loci on 4 common deafness genes. T-test or chi square test was used to process the data. Results A total of 7 124 newborns were included in the study through informed consent, 219 cases of deafness gene mutation were detected with the detection rate of deafness gene of 3.07%. The detection rates of GJB2, SLC26A4, MT-RNR1 and GJB3 were 1.56% (111/7 124), 1.18% (84/7 124), 0.21% (15/7 124) and 0.11% (8/7 124) respectively. Among the 10 loci of the four genes, the positive detection rate of c.235delC locus of GJB2 was the highest, which was 1.38% (98/7 124), followed by c.919-2A>G of SLC26A4 (0.87%, 62/7 124); 2.63% (113/4 289) of the newborns who passed the preliminary hearing screening still carried the deafness gene; in terms of gene type, the detection rate of GJB2 gene in newborns who failed the hearing screening was higher than that in newborns who passed the hearing screening [2.23% (63/7 124) vs 1.12% (48/7 124),P<0.01]; in terms of gene loci, the detection rate of c.235delC locus in newborns who failed hearing screening was higher than that in newborns who passed hearing screening [2.09% (59/7 124) vs 0.91% (39/7 124),P<0.01]. Conclusion The most common deafness genes types in Hainan were GJB2 and SLC26A4; The most common gene mutation sites were c.235delC and c.919-2A>G; 2.63% of the newborns who passed the preliminary hearing screening still carried the deafness gene, among which the high-risk newborns with MT-RNR1 and GJB3 genes were found. Therefore, hearing screening should be combined with deafness gene screening to improve the detection rate of children at high risk of hearing loss.

17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 470-475, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and complications of one-stage tumor resection to treat primary sacral neurogenic tumors and to discuss some details in the clinically relevant anatomy.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 26 patients with neurogenic turors of the sacral spine who were surgically treated from January 2001 to January 2018, including 16 males and 10 females, aged from 21 to 69 years old with an average age of (39.3±10.9) years old. The courses of diseases ranged from 3 to 56 months with an average of (17.9±10.1) months. The diameters of presacral components ranged from 3.3 to 19.6 cm with an average of (8.7±4.1) cm. The proximal margin of presacral lesions was above the L5S1 level in 6 cases, and lower than L5S1 in 20 cases. A posterior incision approach for one-stage complete resection of the tumor was used firstly, and an anterior approach was combined when necessary. Spinal-pelvic reconstruction with the modified Galveston technique was also carried out in relevant cases. Whether to preserve the tumor-involved nerve roots depended on the situation during the operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pain relief, and complications were recorded. The lumbosacral spine stability and sacral plexus neurological function were evaluated during postoperative follow-up, and local recurrence and distant metastasis were examined as well.@*RESULTS@#Total excision was achieved in all 26 patients, with an operation time of (160.4±35.3) mins and an intraoperative blood loss of (1 092.3±568.8) ml. Tumors have been removed via a posterior-only approach in 21 cases and via combined anterior/posterior approaches in 5 cases. The diameter of presacral masses components ranged from 11.3 to 19.6 cm with an average of (15.1±3.2) cm in patients with combined anterior/posterior approaches, and ranged from 3.3 to 10.9 cm with an average of (7.2±2.4) cm in patients with a posterior-only approach. Five of the six patients whose proximal margin of presacral masses was above the L5S1 level adopted combined anterior/posterior approaches, and 20 patients lower than the L5S1 level adopted the posterior-only approach. All the patients were followed up for 6 to 82 months with an average of(45.4±18.2)months. Postoperative lumbosacral pain and lower extremity radicular pain were significantly relieved, and sensation, muscle strength and bowel and bladder function were also improved to varying degrees. The postoperative early complications included superficial wound infection in 1 case and cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 2 cases. Pathology confirmed 17 cases of schwannoma, 7 cases of neurofibroma and 2 cases of malignant schwannoma. Local recurrence was observed in two cases of benign neurogenic tumors. One patient with a malignant nerve sheath tumor had lung metastasis, who died 20 months after the operation. In 17 cases of upper sacral neurogenic tumors, 4 cases did not undergo spinal-pelvic reconstruction with internal fixation, of which 2 cases suffered from postoperative segmental instability. Tumor-involved nerve roots were resected during surgery in 7 cases. One of these patients who had S2 and S3 nerve roots sacrificed simultaneously had an impaired bladder and bowel function postoperatively, and did not recover completely. In the other 6 cases, the neurological function was not damaged obviously or recovered well.@*CONCLUSION@#The posterior approach can directly expose the lesions, and it is also convenient to deal with nerve roots and blood vessels. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, degree of symptom relief, complication rate, and recurrence and metastasis rate can be controlled at an appropriate level. It is a safe and effective surgical approach. When the upper edge of the presacral mass is higher than the L5S1 level or the diameter of the presacral mass exceeds 10 cm, an additional anterior approach should be considered. The stress between the spine and pelvis is high, and internal fixation should be used to restore the mechanical continuity of the spine and pelvis during resection of neurogenic tumors of the high sacral spine. Most of the parent nerve roots have lost their function. Resection of a single parent nerve root is unlikely to cause severe neurological dysfunction, while the adjacent nerve roots have compensatory functions and should be preserved as much as possible during surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Loss, Surgical , Pain/pathology , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 880-883, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the global research hotspots and trends of family intervention on autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide ideas for the development of localized research on family intervention for ASD in China.@*Methods@#This study used the bibliometric software CiteSpace to conduct visual analysis on emerging cutting edge documents in the Web of Science core database in the field of family intervention for autism in the past 20 years (2001-2020). Data collection used 7 subject terms related to family caregiver intervention in February 2021. A total of 2 342 literature was obtained after data sorting.@*Results@#The number of international publications has risen rapidly since 2013. The average annual number of international publications was 29 during 2001- 2012, then 250 during 2013-2020, which increased by 8 times. Among them, the United States ranked the top of publication with 1 295 articles, while publications from two universities in Canada and the United Kingdom showed higher impacts. The high frequency keywords that reflected the international hotspots included children, adolescent, mother, behavior, and stress; the high centrality keywords included follow up, intellectual disability, early recognition, young children and language.@*Conclusion@#The research hotspots in the field of ASD family intervention in the past 20 years included targets, strategies and forms, as well as the implementation effects of ASD family interventions. The trends of research in the past five years (2016-2020) mainly focus on the intervention studies of children, adolescents and adults with ASD and the randomized controlled trials of ASD family intervention focusing on caregivers.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1509-1538, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928081

ABSTRACT

There are 200-500 species of Potentilla(Rosaceae) worldwide, among which 90 species are widely distributed in China and have a long history of ethnic medicinal use. According to our statistics, a total of 367 compounds have been isolated and identified from plants of this genus, including terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, and phenylpropanoids. The medicinal materials made from these plants mainly have antioxidative, blood sugar-lowering, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, cardiovascular system-protecting, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective activities. This study systematically reviews the research progress on chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Potentilla plants to provide a basis for further research and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Potentilla
20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 344-347, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate feasibility, efficiency and safety of kissing pancreatojejunostomy after pancreatoduodenectomy.Methods:From Jan 2006 to Sep 2020, the clinical data of 267 patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy and kissing pancreatojejunostomy were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Grade B postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) occurred in 6.37%, Grade C POPF in 2.25% of patients. There was no mortality within 30 days postoperatively as to pancreatic fistula, by cut-off of pancreatic duct diameter at 3mm, there was no significant difference between two subgroups (15/140 vs. 8/127, P=0.20). also, when grouped by texture of the pancreas, no there was significant difference (20/194 vs. 3/73, P=0.11). Conclusions:Kissing pancreatojejunostomy is feasible and easy to perform. It also does not increase the POPF rate when applied to the pancreatojejunostomy with thin pancreatic duct and soft texture.

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