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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888248

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate whether a longer time period of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepen-taacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced T1 mapping scanning, as well as dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) and multiple hepatobiliary phase magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the potential to provide information about liver function in rats with liver fibrosis. Methods Forty rats were divided into the carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury groups [carbon tetrachloride for four (

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886762

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a cDNA library of Sparganum mansoni and immunoscreen antigen candidates for immunodiagnosis of sparganosis mansoni. Methods Total RNA was extracted from S. mansoni, and reversely transcribed into cDNA, which was ligated into the phage vector. These recombinant vectors were packaged in vitro to construct the SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni. Then, the cDNA library was immunoscreened with sera from patients with sparganosis mansoni to yield positive clones. The inserted fragments of positive clones were sequenced and subjected to homology analyses, and the structure and functions of the coding proteins were predicted. Results The SMATR cDNA library of S. mansoni was successfully constructed. The titer of the cDNA library was 6.25 × 106 pfu/mL, with a recombinant efficiency of 100%, and the mean length of the inserted fragments in the library was larger than 1 100 bp. A total of 12 positive clones were obtained by immunoscreening, and were categorized into Sm-I (Sm60-1), Sm-II (Sm58-1), Sm-III (Sm20-1) and Sm-IV (Sm22-3), with 1 134, 1 063, 883 bp and 969 bp long inserted fragments. Their coding proteins were highly homologous with the Spirometra erinaceieuropaei antigenic polypeptide, cytoplasmic antigen, ribosomal protein S4-like protein and unnamed protein product, respectively. Conclusions A SMART cDNA library of S. mansoni has been successfully constructed and 4 categories of positive clones have been identified, which provides a basis for further studies on diagnostic antigens for sparganosis mansoni.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of an additional augmentative locking compression plate combined with bone graft for aseptic subtrochanteric fracture nonunion after intramedullary nailing.Methods:From October 2016 to October 2019, 32 patients (25 males and 7 females) were treated at Department of Orthopedics, The Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University for aseptic subtrochanteric fracture nonunion after intramedullary nailing. Their ages ranged from 27 to 68 years (average, 50.5 years) and their nonunion time from 9 to 24 months (average, 12.2 months). According to the Weber-Cech classification for nonunions, 9 cases belonged to the highly vascular type and 23 to the ischemic type. With the original intramedullary nails retained, all patients were fixated with an additional augmentative locking compression plate before simultaneous autologous iliac bone grafting. All patients were followed up regularly for fracture union, function of the affected hip and complications.Results:The 32 patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months (average, 12.9 months). All nonunions obtained clinical and imaging union. The clinical union time ranged from 3 to 8 months (average, 5.2 months), and the imaging union time from 6 to 10 months (average, 7.4 months). At the last follow-up, the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated as excellent in 28 cases and as good in 4, giving a good to excellent rate of 100%(32/32), according to the Sanders scoring for post-traumatic hip joint; the efficacy was evaluated as excellent in 21 cases, as good in 10 cases and as fair in one, giving a good to excellent rate of 96.9%(31/32), according to the Harris hip scoring. No such complications occurred as infection or loosening or breakage of internal fixation.Conclusion:An additional augmentative locking compression plate combined with bone graft is a reliable and effective treatment for aseptic subtrochanteric fracture nonunion after intramedullary nailing.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 564-572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878081

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of osteosarcoma (OS) is still unclear, and it is still necessary to find new targets and drugs for anti-OS. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of the anti-OS effects of miR-296-5p.@*METHODS@#We measured the expression of miR-296-5p in human OS cell lines and tissues. The effect of miR-296-5p and its target gene staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 on proliferation, migration, and invasion of human OS lines was examined. The Student's t test was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#We found that microRNA (miR)-296-5p was significantly downregulated in OS cell lines and tissues (control vs. OS, 1.802 ± 0.313 vs. 0.618 ± 0.235, t = 6.402, P < 0.01). Overexpression of miR-296-5p suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of OA cells. SND1 was identified as a target of miR-296-5p by bioinformatic analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Overexpression of SND1 abrogated the effects induced by miR-296-5p upregulation (miRNA-296-5p vs. miRNA-296-5p + SND1, 0.294 ± 0.159 vs. 2.300 ± 0.277, t = 12.68, P = 0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study indicates that miR-296-5p may function as a tumor suppressor by targeting SND1 in OS.


Subject(s)
Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the efficacy of Bushen Huoxue decoction for recovery in patients with intra uterine adhesions (IUA) after trans cervical resection adhesions (TCRA) operation, and to investigate its effect on fibrosis factor. Method:The 110 patients were randomly divided into two groups by random number table (55 cases for control group and 55 cases for observation group). The patients in both groups got TCRA, and after the operation, they got estradiol valerate tablets+progesterone capsules. The patients in control group additionally got Jinfengwan before meals, 10 g/time, 2 times/day. Patients in observation additionally got syndrome differentiation and treatment by Bushen Huoxuetang, 1 dose/day. The treatment course was 3 months in both groups, and 6 months' follow-up was recorded. Before and after treatment, menstrual volume, period and cycle were recorded. During the follow-up, pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy and abortion were also recorded. Endoscopy and vagina color Doppler ultrasound were conducted to detect endometrial thickness, uterine volume, resistance index (RI), pulsation index (PI) and blood flow index (FI). Scores of IUA and syndrome of kidney deficiency and blood stasis were graded. At the 6<sup>th</sup> months after treatment, rate of intrauterine re-adhesion was recorded. Levels of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1 </sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor-1 (TIMP-1), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were detected, and safety was evaluated. Result:Total effective rate of clinical efficacy was 96.36% (53/55) in observation group, higher than 83.64% (46/55) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.959, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Recovery rate of menstrual volume, period and cycle were 92.73% (51/55), 90.91% (50/55), and 94.55% (52/55) in observation group, higher than 72.73% (40/55), 76.36% (42/55), and 76.36% (42/55) in control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=7.698,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.245,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=7.313,<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). During the follow-up, rate of intrauterine re-adhesions was 23.64% (13/55) in observation group, lower than 43.64% (24/55) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.927,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Pregnancy rate was 45.45% (25/55), higher than 25.45% (14/55) in control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.807,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Score of syndrome of kidney deficiency and blood stasis and IUA scores in observation group were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Endometrial thickness, uterine volume, and FI were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of RI, PI, TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, CTGF, PDGF, IGF-1 and TIMP-1 were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while level of MMP-9 was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No adverse reactions related to traditional Chinese medicine were found. Conclusion:Bushen Huoxue decoction can promote the recovery of menstruation, increase the thickness of endometrium, improve the blood circulation of uterus, regulate the expression of fibrogenic factors<italic> in vivo</italic>, prevent and treat intrauterine adhesions, reduce the rate of intrauterine re-adhesions, and improve the rate of pregnancy, with a good comprehensive effect and high safety for clinical use.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Sichuan Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the schistosomiasis elimination strategy. Methods From 2015 to 2019, 63 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in Sichuan Province, in which Schistosoma japonicum infections were monitored in humans, livestock, wild feces and snails. The monitoring data were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 94 119 person-time local residents were serologically screened for S. japonicum infections in 63 national surveillance sites of Sichuan Province from 2015 to 2019, with sero-prevalence rates ranging from 1.28% to 3.11%, and the sero-positives were predominantly detected in local residents at ages of over 50 years and in farmers. A total of 94 119 person-time mobile populations were serologically screened for S. japonicum infections in the national surveillance sites during the 5-year period, with sero-prevalence of 1.10% to 1.59%. There were no egg-positives identified in either local residents or mobile populations. Among the 6 126 herd-time livestock detected, no egg-positives were identified, and no S. japonicum infection was detected in the 205 wild feces. Snail survey was performed covering an area of 8 484.08 hm2, and 724.80 hm2 snail habitats were identified, including 2.43 hm2 emerging snail habitats and 63.00 hm2 re-emerging snail habitats. The mean occurrence of frames with snails was 6.87% to 19.63%, and the mean density of living snails was 0.18 to 0.62 snails/0.1 m2 in the national surveillance sites of Sichuan Province from 2015 to 2019; however, no S. japonicum infection was detected in snails. Conclusions The endemic situation of schistosomiasis has reduced to the lowest level in Sichuan Province; however, there is a rise in snail habitats, and there is still a risk of schistosomiasis resurgence. Further improvements of the surveillance system for schistosomiasis are required to achieve the goal of schistosomiasis elimination in Sichuan Province as soon as possible.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1006-1010., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876641

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global public health issue. Clinical cure (also known as functional cure) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is the ideal therapeutic goal recommended by the latest guidelines for the prevention and treatment of CHB in China and globally. Optimized treatment regimens with direct-acting antiviral agents [e.g., nucleos(t)ide analogues] or immunomodulators (e.g., pegylated interferon-α) sequentially or in combination tend to have low cure rates. Rapid development has been achieved in the research and development of drugs for the treatment of CHB. This article reviews the clinical study of new antiviral drugs for CHB, including the selection of subjects, study design, dosage, dose escalation, adverse events, and efficacy evaluation. It is necessary to introduce the knowledge of quantitative pharmacology to analyze the association of drug exposure in body with efficacy and adverse reactions, and exploratory indicators should be incorporated for comprehensive analysis. This review provides related experience and new ideas for the clinical research and development of new anti-HBV drugs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To model an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shijiazhuang and forecast its spread trend. Method:We collected confirmed COVID-19 cases from the Health Commission of Hebei Province during the period of January 2 to January 27, 2021. We built a new model (SEIaIcRK), including the contribution of asymptomatic cases, based on the traditional SEIR model to explore and analyze the transmission of COVID-19. Results:A total of 863 confirmed cases were reported during the study period (ended on January 27, 2021). Our model fitted well with the daily cumulative incidence data and showed that the effective reproductive number decreased sharply from 3.80 on January 2 to 1.54 on January 4, then further decreased to <1 afterwards. Our model also predicted that number of COVID-19 cases would not increase after Feb 16, 2021. Conclusion:The SEIaIcRK model can be used to predict the spread trend of COVID-19 in Shijiazhuang. The current COVID-19 countermeasures effectively contain the disease spread.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919300

ABSTRACT

Human sparganosis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the plerocercoids of Spirometra species. Clinical diagnosis of sparganosis is crucial for effective treatment, thus it is important to identify sensitive and specific antigens of plerocercoids. The aim of the current study was to identify and characterize the immunogenic proteins of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei plerocercoids that were recognized by patient sera. Crude soluble extract of the plerocercoids were separated using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with immunoblot and mass spectrometry analysis. Based on immunoblotting patterns and mass spectrometry results, 8 antigenic proteins were identified from the plerocercoid. Among the proteins, cysteine protease protein might be developed as an antigen for diagnosis of sparganosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To better understand the development of domestic drug clinical trial ethical review related research, and provide possible reference for future studies.Methods:The data were searched and extracted from the databases such as CNKI, WANFANG. Research Papers on Ethical Review of drug clinical trials in China from 2003 to 2020 were reviewed. Bibliometric and visualization method was used to analyze the number of publications, journal categories, authors, key words, et al.Results:336 papers were selected according to the criteria. The number of published papers was increasing slowly during the years. These papers were published in 107 journals, authors from the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine participated in the largest publications. Beijing, Jiangsu and Shanghai ranked among the top three in terms of papers published by medical and scientific research institutions. The largest numbers of such paper were published in Chinese Journal of Medical Ethics (53). The most collaborative authors were Xiong Ningning, Liu Haitao, Lu Qi, Wang Xiuqin, Wu Cuiyun. The research hotspots were human subject protection, post-approval management, multi-center clinical trials, pregnant participant, clinical trials involving children, Good Clinical Practice and COVID-19 in recent years. There were about 11 kinds of research funding from provincial level and higher. Conclusions:It is helpful for researchers to understand the knowledge structures, latest progress, seeking for cooperation and communication, improvement and paper submission in their fields of ethical review through bibliometrics and visualization analysis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912540

ABSTRACT

Bleeding and thrombotic diseases are closely related to various clinical departments. Laboratory-related tests play an important role in disease diagnosis and differential diagnosis, risk assessment, cause finding, and efficacy monitoring. Clot waveform analysis (CWA), as an automated coagulation detection technology, can provide more valuable information about the entire coagulation process of a plasma sample. A large number of studies have showed that CWA has certain value in the evaluation of coagulation status of COVID-19 patients, the judgment of clinical phenotype of hemophilia A (HA) patients, and the monitoring of direct oral anticoagulant drugs (DOAC). In-depth interpretation and application of CWA in different clinical settings can provide more laboratory information for diagnosis and treatment of bleeding and thrombotic diseases.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1315-1323, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects and indications of tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO) in treating varus unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 32 patients (45 knees) who suffered from varus unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis and underwent TCVO from June 2016 to June 2018. These patients were aged 65.8±8.3 (range from 52 to 79) years, including 12 males (18 knees) and 20 females (27 knees). All enrolled individuals presented obvious expansion of the lateral joint space with joint line convergence angle (JLCA) of 7.19°±2.69°. Based on the full-length standing X-ray imaging of the lower limbs at before and 2 years after surgery, the percentage of mechanical axis (%MA), femorotibial angle (FTA), hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA) and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) were measured and analyzed to evaluate the improvements of lower extremity alignments. The medial tibial plateau depression (MTPD), posterior proximal tibial angle (PPTA), JLCA and joint space width (JSW) were measured and analyzed to evaluate the congruency of the knee joint and shape of the tibial plateau based on positive and lateral radiographs of knee joint. In addition, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) score were evaluated to assess the clinical effects of TCVO pre-operatively and at 1 year or 2 years after surgery.Results:All patients were followed up for 33.4±7.4 (range from 25 to 40) months. Comparing to the preoperative radiological data, %MA at 2 years after surgery increased from 3.78%± 14.34% to 66.16%±9.90%, FTA from 185.41°±4.45° to 170.81°±2.87°, HKA from 169.69°±1.70° to 181.16°±2.39°, MPTA from 83.03°±3.20° to 90.84°±3.67° all with statistical significance ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference for PPTA between before (89.22°±1.52°) and 2 years (88.97°±1.57°) after surgery ( t=0.638, P=0.526). MTPD improved from -7.81°±3.27° to 5.78°±2.19° ( t=19.218, P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference for PPTA between before (81.63°±3.28°) and 2 years (82.25°± 2.21°) after surgery ( t=0.881, P=0.382). JLCA reduced from 7.19°±2.69° to 0.22°±2.09°. The medial and lateral JSW were corrected from 2.45±0.23 mm and 5.86±0.25 mm to 3.73±0.27 mm and 4.68±0.34 mm ( P<0.05), respectively. Additionally, VAS and WOMAC scores improved from 6.46±2.21 and 52.66±16.69 preoperatively to 2.94±1.72 and 19.31±14.87 at 1 year after surgery, and to 1.39±1.45 and 13.66±15.44 at 2 years after surgery, respectively ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Satisfactory early therapeutic outcomes could be achieved by TCVO in varus unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis with subluxated lateral joint and increased JLCA. TCVO can correct intra-articular varus deformity, adjust mechanical axis and relieve knee joint pain and dysfunction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910078

ABSTRACT

The process of bone healing is absolutely complicated and affected by a wide variety of factors. The quality of bone healing directly determines management approaches. Therefore, it is crucial to evaluate accurately outcomes of bone healing. The assessments of bone healing mostly used in current clinical practice are a combination of clinical manifestations and X-ray examination while computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound may be applied alternatively for particular parts and populations. As understanding of bone healing process and bone biomechanical structure is deepening in recent years, both traditional and novel assessments of bone healing have been well refined. This review will expound on the advantages, disadvantages and clinical indications of various assessments, as well as their future development trends, to provide useful information for clinicians.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908746

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a serious global health threat.This raises an urgent need for the devel-opment of effective drugs against the deadly disease.SARS-CoV-2 non-structural protein 14 (NSP14)carrying RNA cap guanine N7-methyltransferase and 3'-5'exoribonuclease activities could be a potential drug target for intervention.NSP14 of SARS-CoV-2 shares 98.7% of similarity with the one (PDB 5NFY) of acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) by ClustalW.Then,the SARS-CoV-2 NSP14 structures were modelled by Modeller 9.18 using SARS NSP14 (PDB 5NFY) as template for virtual screening.Based on the docking score from AutoDock Vina1.1.2,18 small molecule drugs were selected for further evaluation.Based on the 5 ns MD simulation trajectory,binding free energy (AG) was calculated by MM/GBSA method.The calculated binding free energies of Saquinavir,Hypericin,Baicalein and Bromocriptine for the N-terminus of the homology model were-37.2711 ± 3.2160,-30.1746 ± 3.1914,-23.8953 ± 4.4800,and-34.1350 ± 4.3683 kcal/mol,respectively,while the calculated binding free energies were-60.2757 ± 4.7708,-30.9955 ± 2.9975,-46.3099 ± 3.5689,and-59.8104 ± 3.5389 kcal/mol,respectively,when binding to the C-terminus.Thus,the compounds including Saquinavir,Hypericin,Baicalein and Bromocriptine could bind to the N-terminus and C-terminus of the homology model of the SARS-CoV-2 NSP14,providing a candidate drug against SARS-CoV-2 for further study.

15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 336-340, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879642

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To assess the clinical efficacy of converting partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesions to full-thickness tears through a small local incision of the bursal-side supraspinatus tendon followed by repair.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 41 patients with Ellman grade 3 PASTA lesions and an average age of (54.7 ± 11.4) years from March 2013 to July 2017. Patients without regular conservative treatment and concomitant with other shoulder pathologies or previous shoulder surgery were excluded from the study. The tears were confirmed via arthroscopy, and a polydioxanone suture was placed to indicate the position of each tear. A small incision of approximately 6 mm was made using a plasma scalpel on the bursal-side supraspinatus tendon around the positioned suture to convert the partial tear into a full-thickness tear. The torn rotator cuff was sutured through the full thickness using a suture passer after inserting a 4.5-mm double-loaded suture anchor. Data were analyzed using a paired Student's t-test with statistical significance defined as p <0.05.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow-up of 2 years, the pain-free shoulder joint range of motion and visual analog scale score were significantly improved compared to those before surgery (p < 0.001). The postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder score was (90.6 ± 6.2), which was significantly higher than the preoperative score of (47.9 ± 8.3) (p < 0.001). The University of California at Los Angeles shoulder rating scale score increased from (14.7 ± 4.1) prior to surgery to (32.6 ± 3.4) points after surgery (p < 0.001). No patient had joint stiffness.@*CONCLUSION@#This modified tear completion repair, by conversion to full-thickness tears through a small incision, has less damage to the supraspinatus tendon on the side of the bursa compared to traditional tear completion repair in the treatment of PASTA lesions. This surgical method is a simple and effective treatment that can effectively alleviate pain and improve shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Suture Techniques , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) directing therapy in the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease sequelae (SPID) with the syndrome of Qi stagnation and blood stasis.Methods:From April 2016 to April 2018, 60 patients of SPID with the syndrome of Qi stagnation and blood stasis in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Pudong New Area of Shanghai were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group according to the digital table, with 30 cases in each group.The control group was treated with FukeQianjin capsules, and the treatment group was treated with TCM directing therapy, with a course of 1 month.The clinical efficacy was observed, and the TCM syndrome score and gynecological examination score were compared.Results:The total effective rate of the treatment group was 96.67%(29/30), which was significantly higher than 80.00%(24/30) of the control group (χ 2=4.043, P<0.05). The gynecological examination score of the control group after treatment was (8.87±3.26)points, which was significantly lower than that before treatment [(16.50±5.35)points] ( t=9.34, P<0.05). The gynecological examination score of the treatment group after treatment was (6.47±3.19)points, which was significantly lower than that before treatment [(17.83±4.47)points]( t=10.92, P<0.05). The TCM syndrome score of the control group after treatment was (11.33±4.18)points, which was significantly lower than that before treatment [(26.33±7.61)points]( t=9.99, P<0.05). The TCM syndrome score of the treatment group after treatment was (8.93±3.74)points, which was significantly lower than that before treatment [(29.67±7.61)points]( t=13.37, P<0.05). After treatment, the decrease of TCM syndrome score in the treatment group was obviously better than that in the control group ( t=2.23, P<0.05). And the decrease of the gynecological examination score in the treatment group was obviously better than that in the control group( t=2.50, P<0.05). Conclusion:TCM directing therapy has good efficacy in the treatment of SPID with the syndrome of Qi stagnation and blood stasis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of hand-sewn esophagojejunal anastomosis (EJA) in totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 35 patients with early or advanced upper gastric cancer who were admitted to Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine between July 2018 and December 2019 were collected. There were 24 males and 11 females, aged (60±10)years, with a range of 35-75 years. All the 35 patients underwent TLTG combined with hand-sewn EJA. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examination; (4) follow-up and survival. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview, outpatient examination, short message service and WeChat to detect tumor recurrence, metastasis and survival of patients up to January 2020.Measurement data with normal distribution were repressented as Mean± SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were expressed as absoulte numbers or persentages. Results:(1) Intraoperative situations: all the 35 patients underwent TLTG combined with hand-sewn EJA successfully. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time of hand-sewn EJA, costs of consumables used in the intraoperative resection and reconstruction, and costs of consumables used in EJA of the 35 patients were 305 minutes(range, 232-406 minutes), 94 mL(range, 50-300 mL), 37 minutes(range, 20-65 minutes), 13 674 yuan(range, 11 929-15 255 yuan) and 491 yuan(range, 223-1 044 yuan), respectively. Of the 35 patients, 4 received intraoperative blood transfusion. (2) Postoperative situations: time to first out-of-bed activity, postoperative indwelling time of gastric tube, time to initial liquid diet intake, the time to abdominal drainage tube removal and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 35 patients were 2 days(range, 1-3 days), 4 days(range, 2-11 days), 5 days(range, 4-12 days), 8 days(range, 5-15 days) and 9 days(range, 7-16 days), respectively. Of the 35 patients, 3 had perioperative complications. One patient had inflammation and infection in the pancreatic tail and was discharged at postoperative 16 days after conservative treatment of fasting, somatostatin to reduce the pancreatic secretion, adequate drainage, anti-infection and nutritional support. One had postoperative intestinal incomplete obstruction and was discharged at postoperative 12 days after treatment with gastrointestinal decompression and enema for relief of obstruction. One had pulmonary infection who was discharged at postoperative 9 days after symptomatic and supportive treatment. None of the 35 patients had perioperative anastomotic leakage or bleeding. Of the 35 patients, 1 was diagnosed with esophagojejunostomy stenosis at postoperative 2 months and was improved after endoscopic dilatation. The incidence of long-term anastomosis-related complications of the 35 patients was 2.9%(1/35). (3) Postoperative pathological examination: the pathological examination of the upper margin of intraoperative frozen section and postoperative paraffin section showed negative in the 35 patients. Of the 35 patients, 16 had tumor located at cardia including 4 cases with tumor involving in lower esophagus, 19 had tumor located at stomach; 21 had tumor pathological type as highly or moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 11 had poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 3 had signed-ring cell carcinoma; 14 had early gastric cancer, 21 had advanced gastric cancer; 7 had tumor invaded at mucosa lamina propria and muscularis, 7 had tumor invaded at submucosa, 1 had tumor invaded at muscularis, 1 had tumor invaded at subserosal, 17 had tumor invaded at serosal, 2 had tumor invaded at extra-serosal adipose tissue. The TNM staging of the 35 patients: 14 were in stage ⅠA , 2 in stage ⅠB, 4 in stage ⅡB, 3 in stage ⅢA, 4 in stage ⅢB and 8 in stage ⅢC. Of the 35 patients, 15 had vascular invasion and 16 had nerve invasion. The tumor diameter, the number of lymph nodes dissected and the number of positive lymph nodes of the 35 patients were 3.9 cm(range, 0.6-12.0 cm), 24(range, 10-40) and 2(range, 0-11). (4) Follow-up and survival: all the 35 patients were followed up for 1-18 months, with a median time of 5 months. Of the 35 patients, tumor recurrence or metastasis was not found in 34 patients, and the other 1 patient was diagnosed with liver metastases of tumor at postoperative 6 months and survived with tumor.Conclusion:Hand-sewn EJA in TLTG is safe and feasible.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846968

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide comprehensive data to understand mechanisms of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) response to hypoxia/re-oxygenation. Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were employed to construct hypoxia/re-oxygenation-induced VEC transcriptome profiling. Cells incubated under 5% O2, 5% CO2, and 90% N2 for 3 h followed by 95% air and 5% CO2 for 1 h were used in the hypoxia/re-oxygenation group. Those incubated only under 95% air and 5% CO2 were used in the normoxia control group. Results: By using a well-established microarray chip consisting of 58 339 probes, the study identified 372 differentially expressed genes. While part of the genes are known to be VEC hypoxia/re-oxygenation-related, serving as a good control, a large number of genes related to VEC hypoxia/re-oxygenation were identified for the first time. Through bioinformatic analysis of these genes, we identified that multiple pathways were involved in the reaction. Subsequently, we applied real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot techniques to validate the microarray data. It was found that the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, like pleckstrin homology-like domain family A member 1 (PHLDA1), was also consistently up-regulated in the hypoxia/re-oxygenation group. STRING analysis found that significantly differentially expressed genes SLC38A3, SLC5A5, Lnc-SLC36A4-1, and Lnc-PLEKHJ1-1 may have physical or/and functional protein-protein interactions with PHLDA1. Conclusions: The data from this study have built a foundation to develop many hypotheses to further explore the hypoxia/re-oxygenation mechanisms, an area with great clinical significance for multiple diseases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872425

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of Yi Jin Jing (Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises) plus tuina on the neck for stiff neck. Methods: A total of 60 patients with stiff neck who met the screening criteria were selected and randomly divided into two groups, with 30 cases in each group. Patients in the control group received tuina on the neck, 30 min every time, once a day, while patients in the observation group practiced Yi Jin Jing (Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises) plus the same tuina therapy as the control group, and Yi Jin Jing (Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises) was conducted for more than 30 min every time, once a day. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores were observed before treatment, and after 1 time, 3 times and 5 times of treatment to evaluate the degree of neck pain. Results: During the treatment, each group had 2 dropouts. After treatment, the total effective rate was 92.9% in the observation group versus 82.1% in the control group, showing a statistical significance (P<0.05). The VAS scores in the observation group at the three time points were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Yi Jin Jing (Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises) plus tuina on the neck can effectively relieve neck pain and improve cervical range of motion in patients with stiff neck, and can achieve a better effect than tuina alone.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869314

ABSTRACT

It has been discovered that intestinal fungi play important roles in microecological systems of human body, which affect the human health by influencing gut microbiota directly or indirectly. This article reviews the research progress about the fungi-bacteria interaction, and effects of intestinal fungi and their products on host’s health. The article also discusses the correlation of intestinal fungi with inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer, HBV-related liver diseases, metabolism-associated fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disease, indicating that intestinal fungi are widely involved in the development of human diseases.

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