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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 592-598, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013658

ABSTRACT

Aim To analyze the anti-A549 and HI299 lung ade-nocarcinoma activities via using examples of baicalin, astragalo-side, hesperidin and cisplatin based on real time cellular analysis (RTCA) technology, and to build a new strategy for EC50 e-valuation reflecting the time-dimensional characteristic. Methods Using RTCA Software Pro for data analysis and GraphPad Prism and Origin Pro plotting, the in vitro anti-A549 and H1299 lung adenocarcinoma activities of baicalin, astragaloside, hesperidin, and cisplatin were characterized using the endpoint method and time dimension, respectively. Results (X) There were significant differences in EC50 values of A549 and H1299 cells at 24 h and 48 h endpoint methods. (2) The correlation coefficient of the curve fitted with the four-parameter equation was > 0. 9, and the dynamic change of EC50 remained relatively stable (the linear fitting of EC50 at adjacent 4 points I slope 1

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 490-498, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013641

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of Lycium berry seed oil on Nrf2/ARE pathway and oxidative damage in testis of subacute aging rats. Methods Fifty out of 60 male SD rats, aged 8 weeks, were subcutaneously injected with 125 mg • kg"D-galactosidase in the neck for 8 weeks to establish a subacute senescent rat model. The presence of senescent cells was observed using P-galactosidase ((3-gal), while testicular morphology was examined using HE staining. Serum levels of testosterone (testosterone, T), follicle-stimulating hormone ( follicle stimulating hormone, FSH ) , luteinizing hormone ( luteinizing hormone, LH ) , superoxide dis-mutase ( superoxide dismutase, SOD ) , glutathione ( glutathione, GSH) and malondialdehyde ( malondial-dehyde, MDA) were measured through ELISA, and the expressions of factors related to aging, oxidative damage, and the Nrf2/ARE pathway were assessed via immunohistochemical analysis and Western blotting. Results After successfully identifying the model, the morphology of the testis was improved and the intervention of Lycium seed oil led to a down-regulation in the expression of [3-gal and -yH2AX. The serum levels of SOD, GSH, T, and FSH increased while MDA and LH decreased (P 0. 05) . Additionally, there was an up-regulated expression of Nrf2, GCLC, NQOl, and SOD2 proteins in testicular tissue ( P 0. 05 ) and nuclear expression of Nrf2 in sertoli cells. Conclusion Lycium barbarum seed oil may reduce oxidative damage in testes of subacute senescent rats by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1143-1148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013902

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of S1P/S1PR1 signaling pathway on high glucose(HG)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition of rat renal tubular epithelial cells and its possible mechanism. Methods Cells were treated with different concentrations of glucose, and intracellular S1P expression was detected by ELISA and S1PR1 protein expression was detected by Western blot. The cells were divided into normal control group, HG group and HG + siS1PR1 group. The expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin, Fibronectin and Twist mRNA were detected by RT-qPCR and E-cadherin, α-SMA, Vimentin, NLRP3, ASC and NF-κB protein expression were detected by Western blot, and the levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS) were detected by flow cytometry. The cells were divided into normal control group, S1P group and S1P + siS1PR1 group. Vimentin, Snail, α-SMA, NLRP3, ASC and NF-κB protein expressions were detected by Western blot, and ROS levels were measured by fluorescence microscopy. Results ELISA results showed that the content of S1P in cells increased significantly under high glucose stimulation. Western blot results showed that S1PR1 protein expression was significantly higher at 30 mmol · L

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients with DSWPD were randomized into an observation group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (42 cases, 3 cases dropped off). On the basis of sleep hygiene education, acupuncture was applied at Shenmai (BL 62), Zhaohai (KI 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, while placebo acupuncture was applied at the same acupoints in the control group. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks, once every other day, 3 times a week in the 1st to 4th weeks; once every 3 days, 2 times a week in the 5th to 8th weeks. Before and after treatment, the actigraphy (ACT) indexes of objective sleep (total time of stay in bed, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, the number of awakenings and the wake time after falling asleep) and plasma cortisol (CORT) level were observed; before and after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment, the scores of morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), insomnia severity index (ISI), fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the number of awakenings was reduced, and the wake time after falling asleep was shortened after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those in the observation group after treatment were superior to the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MEQ scores after treatment in both groups and in the follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were increased (P<0.01), and the MEQ score of each time point after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The scores of ISI, FSS and ESS after treatment, and the scores of ISI、ESS in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and in the observation group, the scores of ISI, FSS and ESS of each time point after treatment were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the plasma CORT level in the observation group was decreased compared with that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the sleep and wake phase of patients with DSWPD, improve sleep quality and daytime function, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of plasma CORT level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Acupuncture Points , Down-Regulation , Sleep Duration
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 671-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007782

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a typical cognitive disorder with an increasing incidence in recent years. AD is also one of the main causes of disability and death of the elderly in current aging society. One of the most common symptoms of AD is spatial memory impairment, which occurs in more than 60% of patients. This memory loss is closely related to the impairment of cognitive maps in the brain. The entorhinal grid cells and the hippocampal place cells are important cellular basis for spatial memory and navigation functions in the brain. Understanding the abnormal firing pattern of these neurons and their impaired coordination to neural oscillations in transgenic rodents is crucial for identifying the therapeutic targets for AD. In this article, we review recent studies on neural activity based on transgenic rodent models of AD, with a focus on the changes in the firing characteristics of neurons and the abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG) rhythm in the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. We also discuss potential cell-network mechanism of spatial memory disorders caused by AD, so as to provide a scientific basis for the diagnosis and treatment of AD in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction , Hippocampus/physiology , Memory Disorders , Mice, Transgenic , Neurons/physiology
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 233-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential mechanism of Yishen Qutong Granules (YSQTG) for the treatment of esophageal cancer using network pharmacology and experimental research.@*METHODS@#The effective components and molecular mechanism of YSQTG in treating esophageal cancer were expounded based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The key compound was identified by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) to verify the malignant phenotype of the key compounds in the treatment of esophageal cancer. Then, the interaction proteins of key compounds were screened by pull-down assay combined with mass spectrometry. RNA-seq was used to screen the differential genes in the treatment of esophageal cancer by key compounds, and the potential mechanism of key compounds on the main therapeutic targets was verified.@*RESULTS@#Totally 76 effective compounds of YSQTG were found, as well as 309 related targets, and 102 drug and disease interaction targets. The drug-compound-target network of YSQTG was constructed, suggesting that quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, kaempferol and baicalein may be the most important compounds, while quercetin had higher degree value and degree centrality, which might be the key compound in YSQTG. The HPLC-MS results also showed the stable presence of quercetin in YSQTG. By establishing a protein interaction network, the main therapeutic targets of YSQTG in treating esophageal cancer were Jun proto-oncogene, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and RELA proto-oncogene. The results of cell function experiments in vitro showed that quercetin could inhibit proliferation, invasion, and clonal formation of esophageal carcinoma cells. Quercetin mainly affected the biological processes of esophageal cancer cells, such as proliferation, cell cycle, and cell metastasis. A total of 357 quercetin interacting proteins were screened, and 531 genes were significantly changed. Further pathway enrichment analysis showed that quercetin mainly affects the metabolic pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF- κ B) signaling pathway, etc. Quercetin, the key compound of YSQTG, had stronger binding activity by molecular docking. Pull-down assay confirmed that NF- κ B was a quercetin-specific interaction protein, and quercetin could significantly reduce the protein level of NF- κ B, the main therapeutic target.@*CONCLUSION@#YSQTG can be multi-component, multi-target, multi-channel treatment of esophageal cancer, it is a potential drug for the treatment of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Network Pharmacology , Quercetin , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 429-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the sequence of the F12 gene and molecular mechanism for 20 patients with coagulation factor Ⅻ (FⅫ) deficiency.@*METHODS@#The patients were selected from the outpatient department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from July 2020 to January 2022. The activity of coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ:C), factor Ⅸ (FⅨ:C), factor Ⅺ (FⅪ:C) and factor Ⅻ (FⅫ:C) were determined by using a one-stage clotting assay. All exons and 5' and 3' UTR of the F12 gene were analyzed by Sanger sequencing to detect the potential variants. Bioinformatic software was used to predict the pathogenicity of the variants, conservation of amino acids, and protein models.@*RESULTS@#The FⅫ:C of the 20 patients has ranged from 0.07% to 20.10%, which was far below the reference values, whilst the other coagulation indexes were all normal. Sanger sequencing has identified genetic variants in 10 patients, including 4 with missense variants [c.820C>T (p.Arg274Cys), c.1561G>A (p.Glu521Lys), c.181T>C (p.Cys61Arg) and c.566.G>C (p.Cys189Ser)], 4 deletional variants c.303_304delCA(p.His101GlnfsX36), 1 insertional variant c.1093_1094insC (p.Lys365GlnfsX69) and 1 nonsense variant c.1763C>A (p.Ser588*). The remaining 10 patients only harbored the 46C/T variant. The heterozygous c.820C>T(p.Arg274Cys) missense variant in patient 1 and the homozygous c.1763C>A (p.Ser588*) nonsense variant in patient 2 were not included in the ClinVar and the Human Gene Mutation Database. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that both variants were pathogenic, and the corresponding amino acids are highly conserved. The protein prediction models suggested that the c.820C>T (p.Arg274Cys) variant may affect the stability of the secondary structure of FⅫ protein by disrupting the original hydrogen bonding force and truncating the side chain, leading to changes in the vital domain. c.1763C>A (p.Ser588*) may produce a truncated C-terminus which may alter the spatial conformation of the protein domain and affect the serine protease cleavage site, resulting in extremely reduced FⅫ:C.@*CONCLUSION@#Among individuals with low low FⅫ:C detected by one-stage clotting assay, 50% have harbored variants of the F12 gene, among which the c.820C>T and c.1763C>A were novel variants underlying the reduced coagulating factor FⅫ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Factor XII/genetics , Pedigree , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Heterozygote , Factor XII Deficiency/genetics
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2379-2386, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981314

ABSTRACT

As the disease with high morbidity and mortality in the world, heart failure affects the development of human society. Due to its complicated pathology and limited treatment options, it is urgent to discover new disease targets and develop new treatment strategies. As innate immune cells accompanied by the evolution of heart failure, macrophages play an important role in cardiac homeostasis and stress. In recent years, the role of macrophages in the heart has attracted more and more attention as a potential target for heart failure intervention, and the research on cardiac macrophages has made important progress. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has significant effects on regulating inflammatory response, treating heart failure, and maintaining homeostasis. In this article, researches on the functions of cardiac macrophages and application of TCM were reviewed from the source and classification of cardiac macrophages and the relationship of macrophages and cardiac inflammation, myocardial fibrosis, cardiac angiogenesis, and cardiac electrical conduction, which provided a basis for further basic research and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Macrophages , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 93-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare gene expression profiles in normal human cervical epithelial cells (HcerEpic) before and after Chlamydia trachomatis ( Ct) infection. Methods:HcerEpic cells that were pretreated with DEAE-D were infected with Ct serotype E standard strain and then cultured for 44 h. Uninfected HcerEpic cells were used as the control group. Total RNA was extracted from the cells in each group and reverse transcribed to construct a cDNA library. Differences in gene expression profiles between the two groups were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing and the representative genes were selected for verification by qPCR. Results:A total of 23 997 genes were detected, including 125 differentially expressed genes. Among the 125 genes, 119 were up-regulated and six were down-regulated. GO analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were enriched in several biological processes including defense response to virus, typeⅠinterferon signaling pathway and cellular responses to typeⅠinterferons. KEGG enrichment analysis showed the differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in the pathways related to virus infections, such as influenza A virus, herpes simplex virus, EB virus and HPV, and NOD-like receptor pathway.Conclusions:There were significant differences in transcriptome profiles of HcerEpic cells before and after Ct infection. The differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in the interferon pathway, which was closely related to the antiviral processes in cells. qPCR verified the differentially expressed genes and the genes closely related to the interferon pathway, such as ISG15, IFIT2, OASL and UBE2L6.

11.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 235-241, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008990

ABSTRACT

This data article presents data from the China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS), a multi-wave, large-scale national cross-sectional survey of China's internal migrants from 2009 to 2018. The CMDS is an annual questionnaire survey conducted by the former National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of the People's Republic of China. The respondents included in this survey are internal migrants over 15 years old. The sample was drawn from the China Migrant Population Information System, using multi-stage stratified sampling method and the probability proportional-to-size (PPS) cluster sampling strategy. Between 2009 and 2018, there were 1,527,650 internal migrants from 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 4 municipalities participated in the surveys. The survey tools were a series of self-designed questionnaires with high inheritance and consistency designed and implemented by the NHFPC. The questionnaires mainly contain basic information of the respondents and their family members, migration status, healthcare or health behaviors, public health service utilization, social insurance, social integration, and family planning. The dataset is currently the most widely used survey data on China's internal migrants, offering information on migration patterns, healthcare and health behaviors, use of public health services, access to social security, social integration, and family planning, which are valuable for health planning, health decision-making, and health equity research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , United States , Family Planning Services , Transients and Migrants , Cross-Sectional Studies , China/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1053-1057, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory indicators of anti-Sjögren's-syndrome-related antigen A (SSA) antibody associated fetal cardiac disease.@*METHODS@#Pregnant women hospitalized at Peking University People's Hospital from January 2013 to July 2023 were included. Eleven patients with anti-SSA antibody positive were eventually diagnosed with fetal cardiac di-sease. And patients with anti-SSA antibody positive without fetal cardiac disease were selected as controls. Clinical manifestations, laboratory indications and drug usage were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Among these 11 patients, congenital heart block was confirmed in seven, which was the most common manifestations of fetal cardiac malformation. The proportion of the patients diagnosed with autoimmune disease before pregnancy in fetal cardiac malformation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P=0.032), while most of the patients in the fetal cardiac malformation group received immune-related examinations for the first time because of this time's fetal cardiac diagnosis. While most of the patients in the control group received routine examinations because of autoimmune diseases diagnosed before pregnancy. During pregnancy, the white blood cell level [(9.29±2.58)×109/L vs. (7.10±1.90×109/L, t=3.052, P=0.004], erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(49.50 (48.00, 51.00) mm/h vs. 23.00 (15.00, 30.25) mm/h, Z=-2.251, P=0.024], IgA level [3.46 (2.30, 5.06) g/L vs. 2.13 (1.77, 2.77) g/L, Z=-2.181, P=0.029], and antinuclear antibody (ANA) titers [1∶320 (1∶160, 1∶320) vs. 1∶80 (1∶40, 1∶160), Z=-3.022, P=0.003] were significantly higher in fetal cardiac malformation group than in the control group. The proportion of positive anti-SSB antibody during pregnancy did not show a statistically significant difference between the two groups (37.5% vs. 7.7%, P=0.053). There was no significant difference in hydroxychloroquine dosage and initiation time between the two groups. The dosage of prednisone in the second and third trimesters was significantly higher in the cardiac malformation group than that in the control group, but there was no significant difference in the first trimester.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetal cardiac disease is rare in pregnant women with anti-SSA antibody. White blood cell, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, IgA, the titer of ANA positivity were higher in the fetal heart disease group during pregnancy. Since congenital heart block is difficult to reverse, its prevention and monitoring are more important than remedial treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Autoimmune Diseases , Heart Block/diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Immunoglobulin A
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4747-4760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008642

ABSTRACT

In this study, untargeted metabolomics was conducted using the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) technique to analyze the potential biomarkers in the plasma of mice with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) induced by a high-fat diet(HFD) and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor(Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride, L-NAME) and explore the pharmacological effects and mechanism of Jiming Powder in improving HFpEF. Male C57BL/6N mice aged eight weeks were randomly assigned to a control group, a model group, an empagliflozin(10 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) group, and high-and low-dose Jiming Powder(14.3 and 7.15 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) groups. Mice in the control group were fed on a low-fat diet, and mice in the model group and groups with drug intervention were fed on a high-fat diet. All mice had free access to water, with water in the model group and Jiming Powder groups being supplemented with L-NAME(0.5 g·L~(-1)). Drugs were administered on the first day of modeling, and 15 weeks later, blood pressure and cardiac function of the mice in each group were measured. Heart tissues were collected for hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining to observe pathological changes and Masson's staining to observe myocardial collagen deposition. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was performed on the plasma collected from mice in each group, and metabolic pathway analysis was conducted using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that the blood pressure was significantly lower and the myocardial concentric hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction were significantly improved in both the high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder groups as compared with those in the model group. HE and Masson staining showed that both high-dose and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly alleviated myocardial fibrosis. In the metabolomics experiment, 23 potential biomarkers were identified and eight strongly correlated metabolic pathways were enriched, including linoleic acid metabolism, histidine metabolism, alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, purine metabolism, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism. The study confirmed the pharmacological effects of Jiming Powder in lowering blood pressure and ameliorating HFpEF and revealed the mechanism of Jiming Powder using the metabolomics technique, providing experimental evidence for the clinical application of Jiming Powder in treating HFpEF and a new perspective for advancing and developing TCM therapy for HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Heart Failure/metabolism , Powders , Stroke Volume/physiology , Chromatography, Liquid , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Biomarkers , Water
14.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the Alzheimer-associated neurofilament protein (AD7c-NTP) in urine of middle-aged and elderly people and its correlation between common metabolites. MethodsA total of 1 150 middle-aged and elderly people who did their physical exmanination in the health examination center of the Sichuan Science City Hospital and the Third Hopital of Mianyang were recruited from March 2017 to March 2020. The level of urine AD7c-NTP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and common metabolites in blood were measured by biochemical analyzer. Based on urine AD7c-NTP level ≤1.5 ng/mL, the objects was divided into normal group (n=956) and elevated group (n=194). Thier demographic data and blood biochemical indicators were collected. ResultsThe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly people was 0.60(0.30~1.20) ng/mL. The urine AD7c-NTP level was higher in women than that in men [1.04(0.40~1.30) ng/mL vs. 0.84(0.30~1.00) ng/mL, Z=4.202, P˂0.01]. And the urine AD7c-NTP level was lower in the normal group than that in the elevated group [0.50(0.30~0.90) ng/mL vs. 2.10(1.70~2.10) ng/mL, Z=22.035, P˂0.01]. The results of the univariate comparison showed that, the differences between the two groups in age (Z=6.545), fasting glucose (Z=3.506), blood uric acid (Z=2.574), urea nitrogen (Z=2.891), creatinine (Z=2.243), total bilirubin (Z=3.936), glutathione (Z=0.969), total cholesterol (t=3.956) and low density lipoprotein (Z=-5.678) were were statistically significant (P˂0.05 or 0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that, the urine AD7c-NTP level was positively correlated with age and the levels of urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (r=0.177, 0.178, 0.171, 0.109, 0.149, P˂0.01), and negatively correlated with the level of total bilirubin (r=-0.172, P˂0.01). Conclusionthe urine AD7c-NTP level in middle-aged and elderly females was signifitcantly higher than in middle-aged and elderly males.The urine AD7c-NTP level of middle-aged and elderly people was positively correlated with age, urea nitrogen, glucose, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein, and negatively correlated with total bilirubin.

15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 375-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986017

ABSTRACT

Ingestion of corrosive substances can severely burn the upper digestive tract leading to bleeding or perforation, and may even be life-threatening. Less commonly, damage to the trachea and bronchi is involved. In this paper, a case of corrosive digestive tract injury and lung injury after oral administration of pipeline dredging agent (the main components are hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium hypochlorite, etc.) was analyzed. After active rescue treatment, the patient died of massive hemoptysis. It is suggested that serious complications may occur after ingestion of corrosive substances. Timely diagnosis and reasonable medical management are needed to improve the level of recognition and treatment of such diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caustics , Lung Injury/chemically induced , Gastrointestinal Tract , Burns, Chemical/therapy , Eating
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 332-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958410

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of CT in preoperative assessment of tricuspid valve replacement with LuX-Valve.Methods:145 consecutive patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation from October 2020 to April 2021 were selected. The multi-slice spiral CT (256 slice and above) scans were used to measure related indicators. Then analyses were made to determine whether the patients were suitable for valves replacement and to select the appropriate valve model.Results:49 cases were excluded after CT measurements, including 8 cases because of the values of the valve annulus and the remaining 41 due to comprehensive indicators includes: valve annulus size and shape, fixation method and operational safety. A total of 96 TTVR operations were performed, of which 6 were treated with thoracic surgery, 1 had moderate valve regurgitation, and the rest had no or mild regurgitation or paravalvular leaks. The operations showed a high success rate of 92.7%. After comprehensive analysis, it was found that among the 89 successful tricuspid valve replacements with LuX-Valve, 26 cases had annulus models consistent with the measurements of the diameter from tricuspid annular circumferences, while the remaining 63 had valve models larger than the diameter measurements. The results indicate that the size of right atrium was statistically significant to the enlargement of the valve size.Conclusion:CT has important application value in the preoperative screening of TTVR. For non-radial force LuX-Valve, the annulus size is not the only decisive factor, and the valve model should be comprehensively judged considering all the measurement indicators.

18.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 648-653, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum CD64, heparin binding protein (HBP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in early diagnosis of septic shock and its prognostic value.Methods:The clinical data of 40 children with sepsis (sepsis group) and 40 children with septic shock (septic shock group) in Children′s Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2018 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. PCT was detected by chemiluminescence, HBP was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and CD 64 was detected by flow cytometry. All children were followed up within 1 month after discharge, and the occurrence of poor prognosis (including multiple organ failure and death) was recorded. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of serum CD 64, HBP and PCT for septic shock. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for poor prognosis in children with septic shock. Results:The serum CD 64, HBP and PCT in septic shock group were significantly higher than those in sepsis group: 0.667 ± 0.120 vs. 0.501 ± 0.115, (116.46 ± 11.41) μg/L vs. (87.34 ± 23.49) μg/L and (11.41 ± 1.25) μg/L vs. (9.29 ± 1.31) μg/L respectively, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis result showed that the area under curve (AUC) of serum CD 64, HBP and PCT for predicting septic shock were 0.837, 0.894 and 0.880 respectively, and the optimal cut-off values were 0.586, 106.2 μg/L and 11.28 μg/L respectively; the AUC of serum CD 64, HBP and PCT combined detection for predicting septic shock was 0.914, with a sensitivity of 75.7%, specificity of 96.0%, and accuracy of 71.7%. According to the optimal cut-off values of serum CD 64, HBP and PCT, 40 children with septic shock were divided into high expression group and low expression group. The prognosis was good in 25 cases and bad in 15 cases. The incidence of poor prognosis in CD 64 high expression group, HBP high expression group and PCT high expression group was significantly higher than that in corresponding CD 64 low expression group, HBP low expression group and PCT low expression group: 56.52% (13/23) vs. 2/17, 10/17 vs. 21.74% (5/23) and 11/18 vs. 18.18% (4/22), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Multivariate Logistics regression analysis result showed that serum CD64, HBP and PCT were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in children with septic shock ( OR = 0.818, 1.204 and 3.633; 95% CI 0.674 to 0.994, 1.022 to 1.419 and 1.090 to 12.108; P = 0.043, 0.026 and 0.036). Conclusions:The serum levels of CD 64, HBP and PCT in children with septic shock are significantly increased, which play an important role in the occurrence and development of septic shock, and which have predictive value for septic shock. The combined detection of the 3 indexes could be used to evaluate the prognosis, with a higher predictive value.

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Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 196-201, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014194

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the mechanism by which intermdin(IMD)inhibits lipopolysaccha ride(LPS)-induced polarization in RAW264.7 cells.Methods RAW264.7 cells were divided into control groups, LPS groups, LPS+IMD groups, LPS+IMD+Compound C groups.The mRNA expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α,(TNF-α,), CD86, inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), Arginase-1(Arg-1)and CD206 were detected by Realtime-PCR.The protein expressions of p-AMPK, AMPK, TNF-α, intereukin-6(IL-6)and intereukin-10(IL-10)were detected by Western blot.The proportion of CD86+ M1 type cells was detected by Flow cytometry.In addition, the expression levels of supernatant cytokines, including IL-6 and TNF-α, were detected by ELISA.Results Compared with control and LPS groups, IMD treatment could up-regulate the expression level of p-AMPK and the ratio of p-AMPK/AMPK.LPS promoted M1 polarization, since the expressions of CD86, TNF-α and iNOS increased, while the expressions of CD206 and Arg-1 decreased by LPS induction.The proportion of M1 type cells increased and the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 in the cell supernatant increased.And IMD treatment could inhibit the polarization of M1 induced by LPS.These effects were reversed by Compound C, an inhibitor of AMPK.Conclusion IMD can inhibit the M1-type polarization of LPS-induced macrophages by activating AMPK signaling pathway.

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China Pharmacy ; (12): 2006-2011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for clinical safe and rational use of adalimumab by mining the risk signals of adverse event (AE). METHODS AE reports related to adalimumab were collected from FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS)from Jan. 1st,2015 to Dec. 31th,2021. The reporting odds ratio (ROR)method and the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) method were adopted to mine the AE risk signals related to adalimumab ,AEs were classified and described by using the preferred system organ class (SOC)and preferred term (PT)of Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (23.0). RESULTS A total of 149 203 AE reports related to adalimumab were screened ,among which 65 218 cases(43.71%)were severe AE reports. A total of 2 660 PTs were mined ,involving 27 SOCs. PTs related to primary disease (arthralgia,Crohn’s disease ,rheumatoid arthritis ,abdominal pain ,osteoarthritis,intestinal obstruction ,psoriasis,joint swelling , arthritis,etc.)were more frequently reported ,followed by PTs related to inflammation and pain (procedural pain ,inflammation, etc.). The main SOC included musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases (68 227 cases),gastrointestinal diseases (50 682 cases),injury,poisoning and procedural complications (32 404 cases),infections and infestations (15 651 cases),general disorders and administration site conditions (15 424 cases),etc. CONCLUSIONS It is suggested to pay attention to the possible occurrence of paradoxical psoriasis and lupus-like syndrome related to the autoimmune system when using adalimumab clinically ; at the same time ,the attention should be paid to serious infection ,tuberculosis,malignant tumors ,demyelination,congestive heart failure and other AEs. If related AEs occurs ,intervention measures should be taken in time. Great importance should be paid to intracranial aneurysms ,ovarian cysts ,coronary artery occlusion ,thyroid masses and other AEs not mentioned in the instrcution ,to ensure the medication safety of patients.

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