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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 63-69, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment strategy of the portal vein complications in children undergoing split liver transplantation. Methods The clinical data of 88 pediatric recipients who underwent split liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Intraoperative anastomosis at the bifurcating site of the portal vein or donor iliac vein bypass anastomosis was performed depending on the internal diameter and development of the recipient's portal vein. A normalized portal venous blood stream monitoring was performed during the perioperative stage. After operation, heparin sodium was used to bridge warfarin for anticoagulation therapy. After portal vein stenosis or thrombosis was identified with enhanced CT or portography, managements including embolectomy, systemic anticoagulation, interventional thrombus removal, balloon dilatation and/or stenting were performed. Results Among the 88 recipients, a total of 10 children were diagnosed with portal vein complications, of which 4 cases were diagnosed with portal vein stenosis at 1 d, 2 months, 8 months, and 11 months after surgery, and 6 cases were diagnosed with portal vein thrombosis at intraoperative, 2 d, 3 d (n=2), 6 d, and 11 months after surgery, respectively. One patient with portal vein stenosis and one patient with portal vein thrombosis died perioperatively. The fatality related to portal vein complications was 2% (2/88). Of the remaining 8 patients, 1 underwent systemic anticoagulation, 2 underwent portal venous embolectomy, 1 underwent interventional balloon dilatation, and 4 underwent interventional balloon dilatation plus stenting. No portal venous related symptoms were detected during postoperative long term follow up, and the retested portal venous blood stream parameters were normal. Conclusions The normalized intra- and post-operative portal venous blood stream monitoring is a useful tool for the early detection of portal vein complications, the early utilization of useful managements such as intraoperative portal venous embolectomy, interventional balloon dilatation and stenting may effectively treat the portal vein complications, thus minimizing the portal vein complication related graft loss and recipient death.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 379-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972928

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicle (hUC-MSC-EV) in the regeneration of fibrotic liver. Methods C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the 70% normal liver resection group (Oil+PHx group), 70% liver fibrosis resection group (CCl4+PHx group) and 70% liver fibrosis resection+mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicle (MSC-EV) treatment group (CCl4+PHx+MSC-EV group), with 8 mice in each group. LX-2 cell lines were assigned into the phosphate buffer solution (PBS) group, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β group and TGF-β+MSC-EV group. The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in mice after partial liver resection were detected in each group. The expression levels of liver fibrosis and proliferation-related parameters were analyzed in each group. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in LX-2 cells were detected in each group, and their effects on HGF expression in mouse liver were observed. Results Compared with the Oil+PHx group, the serum levels of AST, ALT and LDH were up-regulated, and the degree of fibrosis was more severe, the positive area of Sirius red and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) staining was larger, and the expression level of α-SMA protein was up-regulated in the CCl4+PHx group. Compared with the CCl4+PHx group, the serum levels of AST, ALT and LDH were decreased, the degree of fibrosis was slighter, the positive area of Sirius red and α-SMA staining was decreased, and the expression level of α-SMA protein was down-regulated in the CCl4+PHx+MSC-EV group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Oil+PHx group, the protein expression levels of Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were lower in the CCl4+PHx group. Compared with the CCl4+PHx group, the protein expression levels of Ki67 and PCNA were increased in the CCl4+PHx+MSC-EV group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Compared with the PBS group, the expression level of CollagenⅠ mRNA in LX-2 cells was increased, the expression level of α-SMA protein was up-regulated and the expression level of HGF protein was decreased in the TGF-β group. Compared with the TGF-β group, the expression level of CollagenⅠ mRNA in LX-2 cells was decreased, the expression levels of HGF mRNA and protein were increased, and the expression level of α-SMA protein was decreased in the TGF-β+MSC-EV group, the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The expression level of HGF protein in the CCl4+PHx group was lower than that in the Oil+PHx group, whereas the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The expression level of HGF protein in the CCl4+PHx+MSC-EV group was higher than that in the CCl4+PHx group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions The regenerative capacity of fibrotic liver is weaker than that of normal liver. hUC-MSC-EV may alleviate liver fibrosis and improve liver regeneration by promoting HGF secretion from actived hepatic stellate cells and effectively enhancing the regenerative capacity of fibrotic liver.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 616-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953839

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases based on Delphi method. Methods Based on literature reviews and expert interviews, a questionnaire was designed and a two-round Delphi consultation was performed. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed according to the deletion criteria and experts’ advice. Results A total of 14 experts completed the two-round consultation. The second-round authority coefficients were 0.91 to 0.96 for the first-level indicators, 0.87 to 0.97 for the second-level indicators and 0.86 to 0.97 for the third-level indicators. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed with the main framework of basic knowledge and awareness, healthy behaviors, and healthy skills, which contained 3 first-level indicators, 12 second-level indicators and 48 third-level indicators. Among the three first-level indicators, basic knowledge and awareness had the highest weighting coefficient (0.336 5), followed by healthy behaviors (0.334 9), and healthy skills had the lowest weighting coefficient (0.328 6). The three secondary-level indicators with the highest combined weights included awareness of the epidemic status (0.088 2), awareness of the resource of infection (0.085 8) and basic awareness of parasitic diseases (0.085 5). Conclusion A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases is preliminarily constructed, which provides insights into the development of health literacy evaluation tools for prevention of parasitic diseases in the new era.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 422-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986146

ABSTRACT

Objective: T lymphocyte exhaustion is an important component of immune dysfunction. Therefore, exploring peripheral blood-exhausted T lymphocyte features in patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure may provide potential therapeutic target molecules for ACLF immune dysfunction. Methods: Six cases with HBV-ACLF and three healthy controls were selected for T-cell heterogeneity detection using the single-cell RNA sequencing method. In addition, exhausted T lymphocyte subpopulations were screened to analyze their gene expression features, and their developmental trajectories quasi-timing. An independent sample t-test was used to compare the samples between the two groups. Results: Peripheral blood T lymphocytes in HBV-ACLF patients had different differentiation trajectories with different features distinct into eight subpopulations. Among them, the CD4(+)TIGIT(+) subsets (P = 0.007) and CD8(+)LAG3(+) (P = 0.010) subsets with highly exhausted genes were significantly higher than those in healthy controls. Quasi-time analysis showed that CD4(+)TIGIT(+) and CD8(+)LAG3(+) subsets appeared in the late stage of T lymphocyte differentiation, suggesting the transition of T lymphocyte from naïve-effector-exhausted during ACLF pathogenesis. Conclusion: There is heterogeneity in peripheral blood T lymphocyte differentiation in patients with HBV-ACLF, and the number of exhausted T cells featured by CD4(+)TIGIT(+)T cell and CD8(+)LAG3(+) T cell subsets increases significantly, suggesting that T lymphocyte immune exhaustion is involved in the immune dysfunction of HBV-ACLF, thereby identifying potential effective target molecules for improving ACLF patients' immune function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/pathology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Receptors, Immunologic
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5798-5808, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008777

ABSTRACT

Based on the concept of quality by design(QbD), the Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology combined with standard relation(SR) and analytic hierarchy process(AHP)-entropy weight method(EWM) was applied to optimize the extraction process of the classic prescription Yihuang Decoction. The content of geniposidic acid, phellodendrine hydrochloride, and berberine hydrochloride in Yihuang Decoction, the extract yield, and fingerprint similarity were used as the critical quality attributes(CQAs) of the extraction process. The extraction time, water addition, and extraction times were used as the critical process parameters(CPPs). After determining the levels of each factor and level through single-factor experiments, response surface experiments were designed according to the Box-Behnken principle, and the experimental results were analyzed. The SR between each sample and the reference sample under various evaluation indicators of different extraction parameters was calculated. The weights of the five evaluation indicators were determined using AHP-EWM, followed by comprehensive evaluation. A function model between CPPs and CQAs characterized by comprehensive scores was established to predict the optimal extraction process parameters. In the final comprehensive weight coefficients, the yield rate accounted for 43.1%, and the content of berberine hydrochloride, phellodendrine hydrochloride, and geniposidic acid accounted for 35.1%, 6.3%, and 15.5%, respectively. After comprehensive score analysis with SR, the established second-order polynomial model was statistically significant(P<0.01, and the lack of fit was not significant). The predicted optimal extraction conditions for Yihuang Decoction were determined as follows: 8-fold volume of water, extraction time of 1.5 h, and extraction once. The mean comprehensive score of the validation experiment was 85.77, with an RSD of 0.99%, and it met the quality control stan-dards for the reference sample of Yihuang Decoction. The results indicate that the optimized extraction process for Yihuang Decoction is stable and reliable, and the water extract is close in quality attributes to the reference sample. This can serve as a foundation for the research and development of granules in the future. Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology combined with SR and AHP-EWM can provide references for the modern extraction process research of other classic prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Analytic Hierarchy Process , Berberine , Entropy , Water
6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1312-1319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013770

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the apoptosis of human hep-atoma cell line ( HepG2 ) induced by different polar parts of Arnebia euchroma ( Royle ) Johnst ( AE ) and to verify its anti-hepatoma effect by a mouse orthotopic liver cancer model so as to explore the anti-cancer effect of AE extract. Methods Firstly, MTT method and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining method were used to detect the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of each polar part of AE on HepG2 cells, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2 apoptosis family proteins incells. Based on the above experimental results, the effective parts with significant pro-apoptotic effect were screened out for anti-in situ liver cancer experiments in mice, and the organ indexes, liver function indexes and tissue sections of mice with orthotopic liver cancer before and after administration were evaluated. Results With the decrease of the polarity of AE extract,the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptotic effects on HepG2 cells were enhanced, and the anti-proliferation and apoptosis-inducing effects of AE petroleum ether fraction ( AEP) were the most significant. When AEP dose was 1.56 (μg • L

7.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 785-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy of immunosuppressor on treatment of Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis(HSPN).Methods:Literatures were searched in PubMed, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Wanfang database, CNKI and CBM database from inception to January 2021.The studies that investigated the effect of immunosuppressor on HSPN outcomes were included.Article screening, data extraction and quality assessment were accomplished by two investigators independently, and statistical analyses were performed by STATA 14.Results:Ten studies were included with 443 cases, of which, 245 cases were in the experimental group while 198 cases were in the control group.The Meta-analysis showed that the experimental group had higher complete remission rate( OR=1.95, 95% CI 1.19-3.22, P=0.009), total remission rate ( OR=2.92, 95% CI 1.74-4.88, P<0.001), proteinuria decreasing level ( SMD=0.35, 95% CI 0.09-0.61, P=0.008), the increasing level of serum albumin ( SMD=1.27, 95% CI 0.43-2.11, P=0.003) and the increasing level of estimated glomerular filtration rate ( SMD=0.48, 95% CI 0.21-0.76, P=0.001), lower relapse rate ( OR=0.19, 95% CI 0.05-0.72, P=0.015) as well as death rate ( OR=0.19, 95% CI 0.04-0.78, P=0.021)than those of the control group. Conclusion:The immunosuppressor could enhance complete remission rate, total remission rate, proteinuria decreasing level, the increasing level of serum albumin and the increasing level of estimated glomerular filtration rate, reduce relapse rate and death rate of HSPN patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 24-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality transmitting relationship between decoction pieces and substance benchmarks with the fingerprint, index component content and dry extract rate as evaluation indexes, and investigate the key quality attributes of 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Yihuangtang, and establish the quality standard of this substance benchmarks. Method:Fifteen batches of Yihuangtang substance benchmarks freeze-dried powder samples were prepared, the fingerprint and index component content of 15 batches of decoction pieces and substance benchmarks were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the mobile phase was acetonitrile (A)-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-6 min, 97%B; 6-12 min, 97%-92%B; 12-25 min, 92%-90%B; 25-35 min, 90%-89%B; 35-50 min, 89%-82%B; 50-75 min, 82%-72%B; 75-85 min, 72%-35%B), the detection wavelength was set at 230 nm, combined the dry extract rate to clarify the attribution of characteristic peaks and the range of similarity with the control chromatogram, the content range and transfer rate range of geniposidic acid and berberine hydrochloride, the dry extract rate range and the variation range of the substance benchmarks. Result:The established HPLC fingerprint had good precision, repeatability and stability, and could be used for the simultaneous determination of decoction pieces and substance benchmarks of Yihuangtang. The similarities between the control chromatogram and fingerprint of substance benchmarks were >0.99. A total of 15 characteristic peaks were assigned, and 8 characteristic peaks were identified by the reference substances, of which 6 were from Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex processed with salt, 1 was from Plantaginis Semen processed with wine, and 1 was from stir-fried Dioscoreae Rhizoma. The content ranges of geniposidic acid and berberine hydrochloride in 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Yihuangtang were 0.10%-0.16% and 0.63%-1.05%, the transfer rate ranges of them were 20.91%-32.65% and 19.60%-29.59%, respectively. The dry extract rate range of the substance benchmarks was 8.45%-9.92%. Conclusion:The quality standard of Yihuangtang substance benchmarks can be preliminarily formulated by the combination of fingerprint, dry extract rate and determination of index component, which can provide the basis for the quality control of Yihuangtang and the development of related preparations.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905941

ABSTRACT

Objective:A strong antithrombotic protein component, named PvQ, was purified and enriched from total protein of <italic>Pheretima vulgaris</italic>,<italic> </italic>a<italic> </italic>traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, we evaluated its fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activity, and expected to provide reference for the research on antithrombotic substances of Pheretima. Method:A rapid <italic>in</italic> <italic>vitro</italic> activity-oriented separation combined with the AKTA-Pure protein purification system conducted on <italic>P. vulgaris</italic>. Meanwhile, the fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities of PvQ were measured by fibrin plate method and fibrinogen-thrombin time (Fibg-TT) method. And the <italic>in vitro</italic> thrombolysis assay was used for evaluating the lysis ability of PvQ to thrombus. Then the stability of PvQ was also analyzed for its anticoagulant activity at different pH and temperature. Result:The PvQ was successfully enriched and its activity was determined to have significant fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities. And the result of <italic>in vitro</italic> thrombolysis assay revealed that PvQ could hydrolyze more than 80% of thrombus after 5 h of incubation at 37 ℃. In addition, the changes of temperature and pH had significant effects on antithrombotic activity, and this study showed that PvQ was rapidly inactivated at ≥60 ℃ or in acidic conditions (pH<7). While, the activity of PvQ was unaffected or less affected at ≤50 ℃ and under alkaline conditions. Conclusion:A feasible preparation method of PvQ is established, and it can affect fibrin and fibrinogen at the same time, thus exerting a dual fibrinolytic effect and possessing significant fibrinolytic and anticoagulant activities. It provides a scientific interpretation for the treatment of thrombotic diseases by PvQ and a reference for the development of antithrombotic protein products of Pheretima.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 63-67, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the function and mechanism of miR-30a in rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury.Methods:The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was established by intravascular suture method, and the expression of miR-30a in brain tissue was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). After intracerebroventricular injection of miR-30a lentivirus, the infarct area was detected by 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazole chloride (TTC) staining, the neurological deficit was detected by Bederson method, and the concentration of neurotrophin-3 (3-NT) and nitric oxide (NO) in brain tissue was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein levels of kelch like ECH associated protein 1 (Keap1), NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2) and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) in brain tissue were detected by Western blot. Double luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the targeting relationship between miR-30a and Keap1.Results:Compared with sham operation group, the expression of miR-30a was down-regulated in a time-dependent manner after I/R. The overexpression of miR-30a can reduce the area of cerebral infarction tissue at the pathological level, the degree of neurological impairment at the functional level, the 3-NT, NO and Keap1 at the molecular level, and enhance the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1. The dual luciferase reporter assay also showed that miR-30a could bind to Keap1 mRNA.Conclusions:The expression of miR-30a was down-regulated in MCAO rat brain tissue, and miR-30a could attenuate cerebral I/R injury in rats by targeting Keap1.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4410-4416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888140

ABSTRACT

This study was mainly based on the compatibility of Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Chuanxiong Rhizoma to prepare submicron emulsion and evaluated its physical and pharmaceutical properties. Firstly, pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were drawn by dripping method which took Chuanxiong oil as the oil phase and the area of microemulsion region as the index. On this basis, suitable emulsifier and co-emulsifier were screened for the preparation of Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion. Then, the formula realizing the largest oil loading was selected. Finally, puerarin substituted part of emulsifier and co-emulsifier to lower their content, so as to form puerarin-Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion featuring the combination of medicine and adjuvant. Its particle size, zeta potential, centrifugal stability and storage stability were determined, and the in vitro drug release behavior was investigated by dialysis bag method, based on which the quality of the as-prepared submicron emulsion was evaluated comprehensively. The proposed method was proved feasible for the preparation of Chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion, which adopted polyoxyethylene castor oil(EL-40) as the emulsifier and was free from co-emulsifier. The formula of the maximum oil loading was found as Chuanxiong oil∶EL-40∶water 3∶7∶90. Further, puera-rin successfully replaced up to 10% of the emulsifier in submicron emulsion. Eventually, the optimal drug-loading formula was determined as puerarin∶Chuanxiong oil∶EL-40∶water 7∶30∶63∶900. The quality evaluation results of the as-prepared submicron emulsion demonstrated that the average emulsion droplet size was 333.9 nm, the PDI 0.26, and the zeta potential-10.12 mV. The submicron emulsion had a good centrifugal stability and did not present any instable phenomena such as delamination and precipitation during its standing still for 50 days. The evaluation of in vitro drug release behavior indicated that the submicron emulsion was capable of releasing the drug completely. The puerarin-chuanxiong oil submicron emulsion prepared in this study possessed a stable quality and to some extent increased the solubility of puerarin along with a sustained-release effect. This study provided ideas for the clinical application of puerarin.


Subject(s)
Emulsions , Isoflavones , Particle Size , Solubility
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 469-480, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831051

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) serves as a key component of autophagy,which is associated with the progression of carcinoma. Yet, it is still unclear whetherLC3B is also an independent risk factor for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). We aimto explore the predictive value of LC3B on prognosis of ICC, and to establish a novel andavailable nomogram to predict relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) for thesepatients after curative-intent hepatectomy. @*Materials and Methods@#From August 2004 to March 2017, 105 ICC patients were eligibly enrolled in the ThirdAffiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Preoperative clinical information of enrolledpatients was collected. Expression LC3B in the ICC specimen was detected by immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#The 5-year RFS and OS in this cohort were 15.7% and 29.6%, respectively. On multivariateCox regression analysis, independent risk factors for 5-year OS were cancer antigen 125,microvascular invasion, LC3B expression and lymph node metastasis. Except for the above4 factors, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and tumor differentiation were independent factorsfor 5-year RFS. The area under the curve of nomograms for OS and RFS were 0.820 and0.747, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The nomograms based on LC3B can be considered as effective models to predict postoperativesurvival for ICC patients.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3007-3012, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828022

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is developing rapidly and posing great threat to public health. There is no effective intervention for the severe patients, and their prognosis is poor. It is worth noting that in the fight against COVID-19, China has always put equal emphasis on both Chinese and Western medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine has played an important role in the whole process. It is of great significance to discuss the rules and characteristics of the prescription of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of COVID-19. In this study, information was collected from 444 severe COVID-19 patients who were admitted to a hospital designated to treat patients with severe COVID-19 in Wuhan before March 20, 2020. We collected traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions for patients with severe COVID-19, referred to Chinese Pharmacopoeia to standardize the names of traditional Chinese medicine, and extract the property, flavor and channel tropism of traditional Chinese medicines to analyze the rules of the prescriptions. IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0 software was used to conduct correlation analysis of traditional Chinese medicine. Effective traditional Chinese medicines against COVID-19 was identified by the TCMATCOV platform. In the end, 1 532 effective prescriptions were included. Among them, the high-frequency drugs are Poria, Astragali Radix, Pogostemonis Herba, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, Ephedrae Herba, Cinna-momi Ramulus. Most of the drugs have the following functions: resolving dampness, replenishing deficiency, resolving phlegm, cough, and asthma. The core combinations are Pogostemonis Herba-Poria, Astragali Radix-Pogostemonis Herba-Poria, Amomi Fructus-Poria, Amomi Fructus-Pogostemonis Herba, Amomi Fructus-Astragali Radix. The majority of the medicines are with cold and warm properties, and the proportions are 41.03% and 38.46%, respectively. The medicinal flavors are mainly concentrated in sweet and bitter, and the proportions are 34.71% and 30.58%, respectively. The meridian of the drug is more into the lung, stomach and spleen, with lung accounting for 22.87%. From the analysis of high-frequency drugs to the core combinations, one can see that the main treatment principle for severe COVID-19 is to remove internal and external dampness, protect the spleen and stomach, remove evil energy, and support righteousness. TCMATCOV platform was used to calculate the network disturbances of the high-frequency drugs. It was found that the traditional Chinese medicine with a high disturbance score accounted for a high proportion of the classic anti-COVID-19 prescriptions used by clinicians. Among them, the drugs with top scores are Ephedrae Herba, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Eupatorii Herba, Platycodonis Radix, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Astragali Radix, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Pogostemonis Herba, Scutellariae Radix. After a further exploration of the action targets, it was showed that disease-specific factor TNF was the target of the above ten drugs, and traditional Chinese medicine can exert anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1412-1414, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822203

ABSTRACT

@# Sarcopenia is a component of malnutrition in patients with liver cirrhosis. Studies have shown that both sarcopenia and hepatic encephalopathy can reduce quality of life and increase the risk of adverse events, including death, in patients with liver cirrhosis. This article reviews the association between sarcopenia and hepatic encephalopathy and the advances in treatment, so as to provide a reliable basis for the treatment of patients with sarcopenia and liver cirrhosis, prevent the development of hepatic encephalopathy, and thereby improve the quality of life and prolong the survival time of patients with liver disease.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1102-1106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the posture control of professional dancers. Methods:From April to August, 2017, 21 professional dancers from an international famous club were as experimental group. Matching the height and age, etc., 21 medical workers were recruited as control group. They were tested with Tetrax Balance Evaluation System, and assessed with Trunk Stability Test (TST) and the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). Results:There was no significant difference on fail-time of TST and maximum distance of SEBT between right and left sides in both groups. The fail-time of TST was less in the experimental group than in the control group (t =-2.667, P < 0.05), as well as the maximum distance of SEBT (t = -3.991, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference on falling index between both groups (t = 1.810, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with medical workers, professional dancers do better in static balance, but worse in dynamic balance. Their performance of posture control is almost the same as the others.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 6-10, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872945

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of serum containing Yanghetang (YHT) on the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer based on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38)/signal transduction and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT3) signal pathway. Method::YHT liquid with crude drug 1 g·mL-1 was prepared. Female SD rats were randomly divided into control group (distilled water), and high, medium and low-dose YHT groups (24, 12, 6 g·kg-1). YHT-medicated serum was prepared, and 10%medicated serum was used to intervene MCF-7 cells. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of serum containing YHT on MCF-7 cell proliferation, apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was detected by flow cytometry protein expressions of p38 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot, Quantitative Real-time PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-xl(Bcl-xl) and Survivin mRNA. Result::CCK-8 assay showed that YHT serum inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a time and dose-dependent manner compared with the blank group. The inhibitory effect was most obvious in the high-dose group, with the inhibition rates of 38%, 45%and 54%at different time points (P<0.01). Flow cytometry showed that, compared with the blank group, the apoptosis rate in the medium and high-dose groups increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with the apoptosis rates at 11.6%and 16.5%respectively (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot analysis showed that, compared with the blank group, the expressions of p38 and STAT3 protein was decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the expressions of Bcl-xl and Survivin mRNA were decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::YHT serum can promote the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer, which may be related to the p38/ STAT3 signaling pathway.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 801-803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872589

ABSTRACT

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a catalytic subunit of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2). It acts as a histone methylation transferase and plays a key role in oncogenesis, development, metastasis, and drug tolerance. Studies have found that the expression of EZH2 is regulated by a variety of carcinogenic transcription factors, anti-cancer microRNA, tumor-related non-coding RNA and post-translational modifications. Moreover, the effect of EZH2 in silencing target genes is mainly through trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3). This article summarizes the main regulatory roles and functions of EZH2 in tumorigenesis, and reviews the progress of target therapies based on EZH2.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1458-1466, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780020

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to explore the active components and mechanism of Kai Xin San in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) based on network pharmacology. All targets related to AD were researched in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and Therapeutic Targets Database (TTD). The common targets obtained by two databases were determined as candidate proteins involved in AD. All active components related to Kai Xin San were researched from ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion). PharmMapper was used to obtain the primary candidate targets of Kai Xin San. The corresponding gene name of each target protein was obtained from the UniProt database and selected human target proteins. Finally, the target proteins related to AD by Kai Xin San were acquired; Cytoscape 3.5.1 was used to construct the topology analysis for the active ingredient-AD target interaction network of Kai Xin San. According to STRING database and DAVID annotation databases, Gene Ontology enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of the targets was performed. The network pharmacology analysis results were verified by Discovery Studio molecular docking software. There were 31 components meeting the conditions of ADME and 8 targets relating to AD. Thirteen kinds of biological process, 7 related to molecular function and 11 related to cellar components, were included in 31 GO entries. There were 5 KEGG pathways, involving the calcium signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The docking results of Discovery Studio showed that active ingredients of Kai Xin San and the positive controls all have good binding activity with important targets. In conclusion, the Kai Xin San as applied for treating AD has the advantages of multi-components and targets, to investigate the active components and mechanism of Kai Xin San for treating AD based on network pharmacology to eludicate possible studies of the mechanisms of action.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3176-3183, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690399

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect and relevant mechanism of Fuzi Lizhong decoction (FZLZD) on liver of rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), totally 32 male SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, model group, Yishanfu (YSF) group (200 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) and FZLZD group (10 g·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹), with 8 rats in each group. Rat model of NAFLD was prepared through the intragastric administration with fat emulsion for 4 weeks. After the successful modeling, rats in each administration group were continuously administered for 4 weeks. After 8 weeks, the rats in each group were put to death, and the pathological changes in liver tissue were detected by HE staining. Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect fasting serum lipid levels (T-Chol, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C) and liver functions (ALT, TP, ALB) of rats in each group. The rat liver index was calculated by weighing method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the secretion of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue. Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expressions of fat metabolism-related factors SREBP-1c and FASN in liver tissue. Western blot was used to detect the p-AMPK and p-NF-κBp65 protein expressions in liver tissue. The results of HE staining showed that compared with the control group, the pathological changes in liver tissue in the model group rats were obvious; specifically, the outline of hepatic lobule was unclear, the hepatic cells showed diffuse steatosis of adipose tissue, and were accompanied by inflammatory infiltration, nuclear condensation, coloring deep; compared with the model group, liver lesions of all of the treatment groups were significantly alleviated; especially, the FZLZD group showed the most significant degree of remission. The results of serum test showed that the levels of serum lipids (T-Chol, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C), liver functions (ALT, TP, ALB) and liver index in model group were significantly higher than those in control group (<0.01); compared with the model group, the indexes of serum lipid and liver function of rats in each treatment group were significantly decreased (<0.01), and those in FZLZD group were significantly decreased (<0.05), while those in YSF group were not significantly changed. The results of ELISA and qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, the secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c and FASN in the liver tissue of model group rats were significantly increased (<0.01); compared with model group, the secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c, FASN in liver tissue of rats in each treatment group were significantly decreased (<0.01); compared with YSF group, the secretion levels of TNF-α and IL-6 and the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c and FASN in FZLZD group were significantly different (<0.01). Western blotting showed that compared with the model group, the protein expression of p-AMPK in liver tissue of rats in FZLZD group was significantly increased (<0.01), while the protein expression of p-NF-κBp65 was significantly decreased (<0.01). FZLZD can significantly improve hepatic pathological changes, reduce serum lipid levels, promote liver function and liver index in NAFLD rats, which may be associated with the activation of the AMPK pathway and thereby the inhibition of the expressions of SREBP-1c and FASN, and the inhibition of the NF-κBp65 pathway and thereby the reduction of the release of inflammatory factors.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1275-1282, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705189

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the therapeutic effects of main active compounds of panaxadiol ( PD ) in on Alzheimer’s disease ( AD) via network pharmacologi-cal analysis and Mmolecular docking. Methods A to-tal of 107 prescriptions for AD treatment were screened by using network pharmacology, screening for the high-est frequency of ginseng and its target for AD. Use mo-lecular docking technology was used to find components with the highest score for non-receptor tyrosine kinase ( FYN) docking. Then we successfully estimatedestab-lished AD cell model with overexpressinged APP pro-teins in vitro. Next,the cell viability was detected by MTT assay,the cell damage was detected by LDH as-say,the apoptosis and intracellular Ca2+concentration were detected by flow cytometry, and phosphorylated FYN protein expression was detected by Western blot detection of . phosphorylated FYN protein expression. Results Eighteen active components of Gginseng and 29 AD-related targets were screened by the method of network pharmacology. The results of molecular doc-king showed that PD had strong binding effects with FYN. The results showed that PD could increase the survival rate of cells,reduce the release of LDH,reduce apoptosis,and improve AD cells’ intracellular Ca2+o-verload and reduce the expression of FYN-Y416 pro-tein. Conclusion The experimental results of network pharmacology were are verified and the protective effect of PD on AD may be related to inhibition of FYN signa-ling pathway.

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