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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 330-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965700

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is a major disease affecting human health. The nano-delivery system itself has a unique size effect and it can achieve tumor-targeted distribution of drug molecules, improve the therapeutic effect, and reduce the toxic and side effects on normal tissues and cells after functional modification. Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) models can be established by transplanting patient-derived cancer cells or small tumor tissue into immunodeficient mice directly. Compared with the tumor cell line model, this model can preserve the key features of the primary tumor such as histomorphology, heterogeneity, and genetic abnormalities, and keep them stable between generations. PDX models are widely used in drug evaluation, target discovery and biomarker development, especially providing a reliable research platform for the diagnosis and treatment evaluation of nano-delivery systems. This review summarizes the application of several common cancer PDX models in the evaluation of nano-delivery systems, in order to provide references for researchers to perform related research.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 483-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965611

ABSTRACT

In the research on cancer theranostics, most environment-sensitive drug delivery systems can only achieve unidirectional and irreversible responsive changes under pathological conditions, thereby improving the targeting effect and drug release performance of the delivery system. However, such irreversible changes pose potential safety hazards when the dynamically distributed delivery system returns to the blood circulation or transports to the normal physiological environment. Intelligent reversible drug delivery systems can respond to normal physiological and pathological microenvironments to achieve bidirectional and reversible structural changes. This feature will help to precisely control the drug release of the delivery system, prolong the blood circulation time, improve the targeting efficiency, and avoid the potential safety hazards of the irreversible drug delivery system. In this review, we describe the research progress of intelligent reversible drug delivery system from two main aspects: controlled drug release and prolonged blood circulation time/enhanced cellular internalization of drug.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 380-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986082

ABSTRACT

In the process of orthodontic tooth movement, the secretion of cytokines by immune cells or cell-cell interaction affects the regulation of osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation. Increasingly, studies have focused on the role in the immune system in orthodontic bone remodeling. Based on the biological role of different immune cells or cytokines, this article briefly presents the research progress of immunomodulation in orthodontic tooth movement and future perspective, hopefully providing a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of the biological mechanism in orthodontic tooth movement.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) of the cervix and early cervical cancer, and to analyze their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of cervical cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 65 patients with HSIL and 78 patients with early cervical cancer (2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage ≤ stage Ⅱ A) treated in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from October 2020 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and 31 healthy people undergoing physical examination during the same period were treated as the healthy control group. The expressions of CD3 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, CD8 + T cells, NK cells, NK/T cells and other immune cells in fasting peripheral blood of the patients were detected by using flow cytometry. Results:The expression levels of CD3 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, CD4 +/CD8 + and NK cells were 71±8, 39±7, 1.5±0.5, 16±7, respectively in HSIL group, and 73±9, 41±9, 1.5±0.6, 16±9, respectively in early cervical cancer group, which were lower than those in the healthy control group (76±9, 45±10, 2.0±1.3, 20±7) (all P < 0.05). The expression levels of CD8 + T cells was 28±7, 29±8, respectively in HSIL group and early cervical cancer group, which were higher than those in the healthy control group (24±7) (all P < 0.05). The expression level of total B cells in early cervical cancer group was lower than that in healthy control group (10±4 vs.12±3, P < 0.05). The expression level of CD3 + T cells in peripheral blood of early cervical cancer patients with tumor diameter >4 cm and nerve/vascular invasion was 71±10 and 72±8, which was lower than that of patients with tumor diameter 2-4 cm, ≤2 cm and without nerve/vascular invasion (72±8, 75±8, 78±7); the expression level of CD8 + T cell was 32±8 and 35±4, which was higher than that of patients with tumor diameter 2-4 cm, ≤2 cm, and without nerve/vascular invasion (28±8, 28±7, 29±8) (all P < 0.05). The levels of CD3 + T cells and total B cells were negatively correlated with the tumor diameter (all P < 0.05), while the level of CD8 + T cells was positively correlated with tumor diameter ( P < 0.05); the levels of CD3 + T cells and NK cells were negatively correlated with nerve/vascular invasion (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The immune function of the body starts to change in the early progression of cervical cancer, and is related to the tumor diameter and nerve/vascular invasion of cervical cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 115-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of Sirtuin 1/nuclear factor κB (SIRT1/NF-κB) signaling pathway in mild hypothermia-induced promotion of microglial polarization during oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R).Methods:The well-grown BV2 microglia were divided into 4 groups ( n=36 each) using the random number table method: control group (group C), OGD/R group (group O), mild hypothermia group (group M), and mild hypothermia+ SIRT1 specific inhibitor EX527 group (group ME). Cells in group C were commonly cultured without any treatment. Cells in group O were subjected to 3 h of OGD followed by 21 h of restoration of O 2-glucose supply at 37 ℃. Cells in group M were subjected to 3 h of OGD followed by 21 h of restoration of O 2-glucose supply at 33 ℃. Cells in group ME were co-cultured with inhibitor EX527 (final concentration 5 nmol/L) for 12 h in the medium before OGD/R, and the other procedures were conducted as previously described in group M. The cell survival rate was detected by CCK-8 assay. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in supernatant were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of CD206, CD32, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and arginine synthase 1 (Arg-1) mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of CD206 and CD32 was detected by immunofluorescent staining. The expression of iNOS, Arg-1, SIRT1, NF-κB p65 (p65) and acetylated NF-κB (Ac-p65) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell survival rate was significantly decreased, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatant were increased, the expression of CD206, Arg-1, CD32 and iNOS was up-regulated, the expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated, and the Ac-p65/p65 ratio was increased in group O ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the cell survival rate was significantly increased, the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were decreased, the concentration of IL-10 was increased, the expression of CD206, Arg-1 and SIRT1 was up-regulated, the expression of CD32 and iNOS was down-regulated, and the Ac-p65/p65 ratio was decreased in group M ( P<0.05). Compared with group M, the cell survival rate was significantly decreased, the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant were increased, the concentration of IL-10 was decreased, the expression of CD206, Arg-1 and SIRT1 was down-regulated, the expression of CD32 and iNOS was up-regulated, and the Ac-p65/p65 ratio was increased in group ME ( P<0.05). Conclusions:SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway is involved in mild hypothermia-induced promotion of microglial polarization during OGD/R.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 67-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993722

ABSTRACT

The first global outbreak of monkeypox in non-epidemic regions occurred in May 2022, and the World Health Organization defined it as a public health emergency of international concern in July 2022. Compared with previous outbreaks of monkeypox in Africa, the current one is different in etiology, epidemiology and clinical characteristics. This article reviews the features of the latest outbreak of monkeypox, and the currently available antiviral treatment and vaccines, so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of monkeypox.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 565-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980760

ABSTRACT

With three representative types of gynecological diseases (dysmenorrhea, pelvic inflammation, polycystic ovary syndrome) as examples, the application methods of meridian and acupoint diagnosis for gynecological diseases treated with acupuncture and moxibustion are discussed. During clinical diagnosis and treatment, it is recommended to examine the patient's leg segment along the three yin meridians of foot, aiming to explore the positive reactions of the meridians and acupoints (color, shape, skin temperature, sensory abnormalities, etc.). Acupuncture and moxibustion treatment at this positive reaction place can improve the clinical efficacy. Meridian and acupoint diagnosis could provide basis for meridian syndrome differentiation, thus guiding the selection of acupoint prescriptions; it is also helpful to clarify the deficiency, excess, cold and heat of the disease nature, thus guiding the selection of acupuncture and moxibustion methods. In addition, it is an auxiliary method to estimate the prognosis and outcome of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Foot , Genital Diseases, Female/therapy
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 517-521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) at Changqiang (GV 1) based on the modulation of electro-oculogram (EOG) signal for children with mental retardation, and explore the evaluation effect of the goal attainment scale (GAS) in children with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#Sixty children with mental retardation were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, with 30 cases in each one. The children in the control group were treated with conventional rehabilitation, 5 times a week. On the basis of the control group, TEAS at Changqiang (GV 1) under the modulation of EOG signal was adopted in the treatment group. When the similarity between the collected EOG signal and the template was within the range of EOG threshold, one electric stimulation was triggered at Changqiang (GV 1) for 20 s (continuous wave, 70-100 Hz in frequency, 0.1-0.2 ms in pulse width), lasting 30 min in each treatment, the intervention was given twice a week. One course of treatment was composed of 4 weeks, and 3 courses were required in total in the two groups. The infant-junior high school student's social living ability scale (S-M) and GAS were scored and compared before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of self-living ability in the treatment group and communication ability in the control group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). The scores of collective activity and motor ability in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, GAS scores were higher than before treatment in both groups (P<0.001), and the score in the treatment group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TEAS under the modulation of EOG signal is conductive to improving the collective, motor and self-living abilities of the children with mental retardation and promoting children's individual goals. Compared with the standard score of S-M, the T value of GAS can better reflect the subtle progress of individual.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Child , Intellectual Disability/therapy , Electrooculography , Acupuncture Points , Medicine , Electric Stimulation
9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 369-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979506

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the short-term efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of 11 male patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent pembrolizumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from December 2019 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age of the patients was 52.0-79.0 (62.0±6.9) years. The imaging data and pathological changes before and after neoadjuvant treatment were compared, and adverse reactions during neoadjuvant treatment were recorded. Objective remission rate (ORR) and main pathological remission rate (MPR) and pathological complete remission rate (pCR) were the main observation endpoints. Results    After preoperative neoadjuvant therapy with pembrolizumab combined with platinum or paclitaxel, all patients successfully underwent thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer. The ORR was 72.7%, and the MPR was 81.8%. Among them, 45.5% of patients achieved pCR. The main adverse reactions were hypoalbuminemia, decreased appetite and nausea. The mortality rate within 30 days after surgery was 0, and no tumor metastasis was observed. Conclusion    Pembrolizumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe and feasible to treat non-small cell lung cancer, and the short-term efficacy is beneficial.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1651, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970636

ABSTRACT

The UPLC-MS/MS was established for the determination of acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid(AKBA) and β-boswellic acid(β-BA), the main active components of Olibanum and Myrrha extracts in Xihuang Formula, in rat plasma and urine. The effects of compatibility on the pharmacokinetic behaviors of AKBA and β-BA in rats were investigated, and the differences in pharmacokinetic behaviors between healthy rats and rats with precancerous lesions of breast cancer were compared. The results showed that compared with RM-NH and RM-SH groups, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), T_(max) decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and C_(max) increased(P<0.01) after compatibility. The trends of AKBA and β-BA were the same. Compared with RM-SH group, the T_(max) decreased(P<0.05), C_(max) increased(P<0.01), and the absorption rate increased in the normal group of Xihuang Formula. The results of urinary excretion showed that there was a decreasing trend in the urinary excretion rate and total urinary excretion of β-BA and AKBA after compatibility, but there was no statistical difference. Compared with normal group of Xihuang Formula, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05), T_(max) increased(P<0.05), and the clearance rate decreased in the breast precancerous lesion group. AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of AKBA showed an increasing trend, the in vivo retention time was prolonged, and the clearance rate was reduced, but there was no significant difference compared with the normal group. The cumulative urinary excretion and urinary excretion rate of β-BA and AKBA decreased under pathological conditions, indicating that pathological conditions could affect the in vivo process of β-BA and AKBA, and reduce their excretion in the form of prototype drugs, showing different pharmacokine-tic characteristics from normal physiological conditions. In this study, UPLC-MS/MS analysis method was established, which was sui-table for in vivo pharmacokinetic analysis of β-BA and AKBA. This study laid a foundation for the development of new dosage forms of Xihuang Formula.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Precancerous Conditions , Triterpenes/pharmacology
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 79-82, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969951

ABSTRACT

According to the theory of acupuncture-moxibustion for the treatment of spirit, starting from the relationship between eye movement and spirit, the application of electrooculogram (EOG) signal acquisition and analysis technology for the clinical treatment of spirit by acupuncture-moxibustion is discussed. Based on the nonlinear dynamic characteristics of EOG signals, it is proposed to apply the approximate entropy algorithm to extract the EOG signal characteristics in autism spectrum disorder children under different behavior states, which could realize the preliminary exploration of the correlation between EOG signals and cognitive activities. This could provide a possibility to objectively reflect the patient' s current mental state, and could be used as a potential method to grasp spirit in clinical acupuncture- moxibustion treatment. Furthermore, considering the characteristics of acupoint stimulation on the body surface, the EOG signal acquisition and analysis technology could further be combined with biofeedback technology, and a new idea for clinical acupuncture-moxibustion to treat spirit guided by biofeedback of EOG is proposed.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Moxibustion , Electrooculography , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Entropy , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 379-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristic of a COVID-19 outbreak caused by 2019-nCoV Omicron variant BF.7 and other provinces imported in Shenzhen and analyze transmission chains and characteristics. Methods: Field epidemiological survey was conducted to identify the transmission chain, analyze the generation relationship among the cases. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid positive samples were used for gene sequencing. Results: From 8 to 23 October, 2022, a total of 196 cases of COVID-19 were reported in Shenzhen, all the cases had epidemiological links. In the cases, 100 were men and 96 were women, with a median of age, M (Q1, Q3) was 33(25, 46) years. The outbreak was caused by traverlers initial cases infected with 2019-nCoV who returned to Shenzhen after traveling outside of Guangdong Province.There were four transmission chains, including the transmission in place of residence and neighbourhood, affecting 8 persons, transmission in social activity in the evening on 7 October, affecting 65 persons, transmission in work place on 8 October, affecting 48 persons, and transmission in a building near the work place, affecting 74 persons. The median of the incubation period of the infection, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.44 (1.11, 2.17) days. The incubation period of indoor exposure less than that of the outdoor exposure, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.38 (1.06, 1.84) and 1.95 (1.22, 2.99) days, respcetively (Wald χ2=10.27, P=0.001). With the increase of case generation, the number and probability of gene mutation increased. In the same transmission chain, the proportion of having 1-3 mutation sites was high in the cases in the first generation. Conclusions: The transmission chains were clear in this epidemic. The incubation period of Omicron variant BF.7 infection was shorter, the transmission speed was faster, and the gene mutation rate was higher. It is necessary to conduct prompt response and strict disease control when epidemic occurs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , China/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic basis of a child with epilepsy and global developmental delay.@*METHODS@#A child with epilepsy and global developmental delay who had visited West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University on April 1, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the child were reviewed. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the child, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. A literature review was also carried out by searching databases such as Wanfang data knowledge service platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, ClinVar and Embase to summarize the clinical phenotypes and genotypes of the affected children.@*RESULTS@#The child was a 2-year-and-2-month-old male with epilepsy, global developmental delay and macrocephaly. Results of WES showed that the child has harbored a c.1427T>C variant of the PAK1 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that neither of his parents has carried the same variant. Only one similar case had been recorded by the dbSNP, OMIM, HGMD, and ClinVar databases. No frequency for this variant among Asian population was available in the ExAC, 1000 Genomes, and gnomAD databases. Prediction with IFT, PolyPhen-2, LRT, Mutation Taster, and FATHMM online software suggested that this variant is deleterious to the function of encoded protein. Based on the Standards and Guidelines for the Interpretation of Sequence Variants: A Joint Consensus Recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the PAK1 gene c.1427T>C variant was determined to be likely pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The PAK1 gene c.1427T>C variant probably underlay the epilepsy and global developmental delay in this child, which has provided a reference for the clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling in children with similar disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , China , Computational Biology , Consensus , Epilepsy/genetics , Genotype , Mutation , p21-Activated Kinases/genetics
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3546-3555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981486

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of Xihuang Pills on rats with precancerous lesions of the breast. Of 48 healthy female rats, 8 were randomly selected as blank group, and the other 40 were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene(DMBA) combined with estrogen and progestin to establish a model of precancerous lesions of the breast. The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, a tamoxifen group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a Xihuang Pills low-dose group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a medium-dose group(0.6 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and a high-dose group(1.2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). After 30 days of admi-nistration, the histopathological changes of viscera and breast were observed by haematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the visceral index was calculated. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the contents of estradiol(E_2) and progesterone(P) in serum. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor 2(FGF2) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2), phosphorylated-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(p-VEGFR2), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2 associated X protein(Bax) were detected by Western blot and the mRNA expressions of VEGF, FGF2, CXC-chemokine receptor 4(CXCR4), cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease(caspase-3), and stromal cell-derived factor 1(SDF-1) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). HE staining revealed that the model group had some liver and kidney damages and severe hyperplastic mammary tissue, while the Xihuang Pills high-dose group had mild hyperplasia. Compared with the model group, the Xihuang Pills groups had lo-wer ovarian coefficient(P<0.05 or P<0.01) and Xihuang Pills high-dose group had lower uterine coefficient(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with the model group, expressions of E_2 and P in Xihuang Pills high-dose group were significantly decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and RT-PCR indicated that compared with the conditions in the model group, the protein and mRNA expressions of VEGF and FGF2 in the Xihuang Pills groups were down-regulated(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lowered(P<0.01); there was a decrease in the protein expressions of VEGFR2 and p-VEGFR2(P<0.01), a down-regulation in the mRNA expressions of CXCR4 and SDF-1(P<0.01), while an increase in the mRNA expression of caspase-3(P<0.01) in both Xihuang Pills medium-dose and high-dose groups; the protein expression of Bax in Xihuang Pills high-dose group was increased(P<0.01). The above results indicated that Xihuang Pills can effectively intervene in precance-rous lesions of the breast, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of E_2 and P secretion as well as the inhibition of angiogenesis and chemokine receptor expression, thus controlling the occurrence of precancerous lesions of the breast in rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene/toxicity , Precancerous Conditions , Hyperplasia , Receptors, Chemokine , RNA, Messenger
15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 738-742, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930507

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the detection of potentially pathogenic bacteria (PPB) in the nasopharynx of children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis and the influence of PPB types on disease severity.Methods:In this retrospective cohort study, clinical data of patients hospitalized for RSV bronchiolitis at Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children′s Hospital of Soochow University between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The virus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and bacteria in nasopharyngeal secretion of children were detected.They were classified into <3 months group, 3-<6 months group, 6 months-<1 year group and 1-2 years group based on the age.In addition, they were further classified into RSV infection group, RSV+ G + group, RSV+ G - group and RSV+ G + + G - group based on detected PPB in the nasopharynx.Comparison of RSV + PPB frequency between groups was performed by Chi- squared test, clinical characteristics were compared by using Mann- Whitney U test. Results:A total of 280 patients with RSV bronchiolitis were included in the study, involving 113 cases (40.4%) with PPB in the nasopharynx.The most-common detection bacterium was Streptococcus pneumoniae.The detection rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae increased with age ( χ2=12.609, P=0.005), while that of Staphylococcus aureus decreased with age ( χ2=8.387, P=0.034). Compared with RSV group, patients in RSV+ G - group had a longer length of stay, higher rate of fever and shortness of breath, higher oxygen supplement and higher C-reactive protein (CRP) (all P<0.05). Compared with RSV group, patients in RSV+ G + group were older, and they had higher rate of fever, higher percentage of neutrophil, lower percentage of lymphocyte and higher CRP (all P<0.05). Conclusions:PPB in nasopharynx can be detected in about 40% of children hospitalized with RSV bronchiolitis, and nasopharynx complicated with PPB infection may affect the severity of RSV bronchiolitis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 622-628, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957707

ABSTRACT

The etiology and pathogenesis of vitiligo have not yet been clear, and animal models are important tools for vitiligo research. In addition to traditional mouse models of vitiligo, many new models have been gradually established with the deepening of research, such as mouse models expressing epidermal melanocytes and melanocyte-reactive T cells, K14-SCF/h3TA2/HLA-A2 triple-transgenic mouse (Vitesse mice) models, autoimmune-induced mouse models, chemical reagent-induced mouse models, etc. Manifestations of these models are highly similar to human vitiligo, their reproducibility and stability have been improved to different extents, and they have already become good models for exploring the pathogenesis of and therapeutic targets for vitiligo, as well as for evaluating therapeutic efficacy. This review summarizes current research progress and existing problems in mouse models of vitiligo-like depigmentation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 985-990, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of exosomes in M2 microglia-induced reduction of oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury to astrocytes.Methods:The primary astrocytes were cultured in vitro to the logarithmic growth phase and divided into 5 groups ( n=14 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), OGD/R group (group O), OGD/R+ M2 microglia group (O+ M2 group), OGD/R+ M2 microglia+ GW4869 group (O+ M2+ G group) and OGD/R+ M2 microglia-derived exosome group (O+ M2-E group). Cells in group C were cultured routinely.Cells in group O were subjected to 4 h of oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and 24 h of restoration of O 2-glucose supply.In group O+ M2, cells were subjected to 4 h of OGD, and the supernatant of M2 microglia 2 ml was added to the medium during restoration of O 2-glucose supply, and the cells were cultured for 24 h. In group O+ M2+ G, cells were subjected to 4 h of OGD, and the supernatant of M2 microglia 2 ml treated with the exosome inhibitor GW4869 10 μmol/L was added to the medium during restoration of O 2-glucose supply, and the cells were cultured for 24 h. In group O+ M2-E, cells were subjected to 4 h of OGD, and the M2 microglia-derived exosome 10 μg/ml was added to the medium during restoration of O 2-glucose supply, and the cells were cultured for 24 h. The morphological changes of cells were observed with a light microscope, the cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, the expression of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and the expression of AQP4 and porimin was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the expression of AQP4 protein and mRNA and porimin was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and cell swelling occurred in the other four groups.Compared with group O, the cell viability was significantly increased, and the expression of AQP4 protein and mRNA and porimin was down-regulated in O+ M2 and O+ M2-E groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above ( P>0.05), and the cell viability was significantly attenuated in group O+ M2+ G.Compared with group O+ M2, the cell viability was significantly decreased, and the expression of AQP4 protein and mRNA and porimin was up-regulated in group O+ M2+ G ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above ( P>0.05), and the degree of cell swelling was increased in group O+ M2-E. Conclusions:M2 microglia can mitigate OGD/R injury to astrocytes through exosomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1416-1422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with borderline developmental dysplasia of the hip (BDDH) and cam-type femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) after hip arthroscopy.Methods:Data were retrospectively reviewed for patients with BDDH and cam-type FAIS who underwent hip arthroscopy surgery from June 2017 to December 2019. A total of 32 patients were enrolled, with a mean age of 36.13±8.67 years (range, 20-50 years), including 15 males and 17 females. The preoperative lateral center-edge angle was 22.3°±1.6° (range 20.1°-24.7°), while the preoperative α angle was 64.1°±4.6° (range, 56.0°-69.8°). All patients were treated with arthroscopic limited acetabular plasty, labral repair, femoral osteoplasty, and capsular plication after excluding from external hip diseases by ultrasound-guided hip blocking test. The visual analogue scale (VAS), modified Harris Hip Scores (mHHS) and International Hip Outcome Tool-12 (iHOT-12) scores were used to evaluate the clinical effects.Results:All patients were followed up, and the mean follow-up time was 2.5±0.8 years (range, 2.0-4.7 years). The VAS score decreased from 6.07±1.56 to 1.96±0.92 at 1 year and to 1.86±1.01 at 2 years after operation ( F=112.64, P<0.001); the mHHS score increased from 53.87±13.04 to 86.12±8.64 at 1 year and to 88.71±8.15 at 2 years after operation ( F=101.70, P<0.001); the iHOT-12 score was improved from 40.00±7.33 to 76.27±9.50 at 1 year and to 78.67±10.31 at 2 years after operation ( F=134.91, P<0.001). The α angle improved to 40.27°±4.52° (range, 34.8°-49.7°) with significant difference ( t=9.24, P<0.001). Conclusion:Hip arthroscopy can achieve satisfied short-term outcomes in treating BDDH and cam-type FAIS with few complications and less trauma.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 245-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920829

ABSTRACT

@#Surgery is a classic traditional method for the treatment of early-stage esophageal cancer, and it is also recognized as an effective first-choice method in the medical community. With the development of endoscopic technology, esophagus-preserving comprehensive treatment of esophageal cancer has almost the same or even better effects in some aspects in the treatment of early esophageal cancer than surgery. Many clinical guidelines have also recommended it as the first-choice treatment for early esophageal cancer. The room for surgical treatment of esophageal cancer has been further compressed. This article discusses the comprehensive treatment model of esophageal cancer from the perspective of thoracic surgery, aiming to find a new position of thoracic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 67-71, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920476

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with behavioral problems in Chinese preschool children, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention of behavioral problems of children.@*Methods@#A total of 7 634 children aged 3-6 years were chosen from kindergartens in 3 cities (Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Zhenjiang) in the lower reaches of Yangtze River using method of cluster sampling during October to November in 2017. Parental or guardian questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding child consumption of SSBs. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to assess children s emotional and behavioral problems. Multivariate Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between different SSBs intake frequency and children s behavioral problems.@*Results@#A total of 5 509(72.2%) consumed SSBs less than once a day, 830(10.9%) reported SSBs consumption once a day, and 1 295(16.9%) had 2 times or more intake of sugar sweetened beverages per day. After adjusting for confounding factors including age, sex, BMI, family financial status, parental education, screen time, sleep duration, and physical activities duration, multiple Logistic regression model revealed that intake of SSBs once a day was associated with an increased risk of hyperactivity disorder ( OR =1.26, 95% CI =1.01-1.57) and SDQ total difficulties ( OR =1.44, 95% CI =1.14-1.82) in boys and with an increased risk of emotional symptoms ( OR=1.34, 95%CI =1.02-1.76), conduct problems ( OR=1.53, 95%CI =1.18-2.00), hyperactivity disorder ( OR=1.79, 95%CI =1.42-2.27) and prosocial behavior ( OR=1.48, 95%CI =1.14-1.91) in girls. Intake of SSBs≥2 times per day was associated with an increased risk of emotional symptoms ( OR=1.28, 95%CI =1.02-1.59) and SDQ difficulties ( OR=1.30, 95%CI =1.07-1.58) in boys and not with behavioral problems in girls.@*Conclusion@#Sex differences are observed with respect to the association between SSBs intake and behavioral problems in preschoolers, but no significant dose response relationship was observed. More longitudinal studies are needed to further explore the association between SSBs intake and behavioral problems in preschool children as well as the underlying physiological mechanisms in future.

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