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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920829

ABSTRACT

@#Surgery is a classic traditional method for the treatment of early-stage esophageal cancer, and it is also recognized as an effective first-choice method in the medical community. With the development of endoscopic technology, esophagus-preserving comprehensive treatment of esophageal cancer has almost the same or even better effects in some aspects in the treatment of early esophageal cancer than surgery. Many clinical guidelines have also recommended it as the first-choice treatment for early esophageal cancer. The room for surgical treatment of esophageal cancer has been further compressed. This article discusses the comprehensive treatment model of esophageal cancer from the perspective of thoracic surgery, aiming to find a new position of thoracic surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920476

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with behavioral problems in Chinese preschool children, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention of behavioral problems of children.@*Methods@#A total of 7 634 children aged 3-6 years were chosen from kindergartens in 3 cities (Yangzhou, Xuzhou, Zhenjiang) in the lower reaches of Yangtze River using method of cluster sampling during October to November in 2017. Parental or guardian questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding child consumption of SSBs. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to assess children s emotional and behavioral problems. Multivariate Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between different SSBs intake frequency and children s behavioral problems.@*Results@#A total of 5 509(72.2%) consumed SSBs less than once a day, 830(10.9%) reported SSBs consumption once a day, and 1 295(16.9%) had 2 times or more intake of sugar sweetened beverages per day. After adjusting for confounding factors including age, sex, BMI, family financial status, parental education, screen time, sleep duration, and physical activities duration, multiple Logistic regression model revealed that intake of SSBs once a day was associated with an increased risk of hyperactivity disorder ( OR =1.26, 95% CI =1.01-1.57) and SDQ total difficulties ( OR =1.44, 95% CI =1.14-1.82) in boys and with an increased risk of emotional symptoms ( OR=1.34, 95%CI =1.02-1.76), conduct problems ( OR=1.53, 95%CI =1.18-2.00), hyperactivity disorder ( OR=1.79, 95%CI =1.42-2.27) and prosocial behavior ( OR=1.48, 95%CI =1.14-1.91) in girls. Intake of SSBs≥2 times per day was associated with an increased risk of emotional symptoms ( OR=1.28, 95%CI =1.02-1.59) and SDQ difficulties ( OR=1.30, 95%CI =1.07-1.58) in boys and not with behavioral problems in girls.@*Conclusion@#Sex differences are observed with respect to the association between SSBs intake and behavioral problems in preschoolers, but no significant dose response relationship was observed. More longitudinal studies are needed to further explore the association between SSBs intake and behavioral problems in preschool children as well as the underlying physiological mechanisms in future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) assisted by smart pluse technology (SPT) for the correction of high myopia.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Sixty high myopic patients (107 eyes) with spherical equivalent (SE)≥-6.0 D who received TransPRK assisted by SPT from January to December 2016 in Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were enrolled.Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the patients were examined and recorded in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) units, and refraction was examined with a subjective refractometer.The healing of corneal epithelium and corneal haze was observed with a slit lamp.Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with the non-contact tonometer.Safety index (SI) and efficacy index (EI) were analyzed.The follow-up time was 12 months.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (No.2019-197-k-177). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any medical examination.Results:The mean epithelial healing time was (3.77±1.02) days.There were statistically significant differences in UCVA and BCVA between before and after surgery ( Z=380.812, 267.313; both at P<0.001). And the 7-day, 6-month, and 12-month postoperative BCVA were better than preoperative BCVA, showing statistically significant differences (all at P<0.05). Mean SI was 1.10±0.12, and mean EI was 1.05±0.17 at 12 months after surgery.There was no significant difference between the attempted SE before surgery (-8.02±1.36)D and the achieved SE at 12 months after surgery (-8.04±1.51)D ( P=0.523). SE in the predictive range within ±0.50 D accounted for 79% (85/107) and that within ±1.0 D accounted for 92% (98/107). The IOP was slightly increased in 3 eyes at 7 days and 7 eyes at 1 month after surgery, respectively, which returned to normal after the use of ophthalmic solution for lowing IOP.The incidence of haze severer than grade 1 was less than 1% (1 eye), and haze gradually disappeared after application of drugs. Conclusions:TransPRK assisted by SPT for high myopia shows good safety, effectiveness and predictability.It is an ideal corneal surface surgery to correct high myopia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the delivery room (DR-CPR) at birth for very/extremely low birth weight infants (VLBWI/ELBWI).Method:PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP database and Wanfang database were searched. The search time limit is from the establishment of the database to October 26, 2020. Search and screen all the literature on the short-term and long-term outcomes of VLBWI/ELBWI who require DR-CPR and conduct quality evaluations. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to perform the Meta analysis. Egger's test in Stata Software 15.0 was used to draw a funnel plot and validate publication bias.Result:A total of 16 studies were included, all in English. 5 661 VLBWI/ELBWI received DR-CPR, and 73 438 VLBWI/ELBWI did not receive DR-CPR. The Meta analysis showed: DR-CPR for VLBWI/ELBWI was associated with an increased risk of mortality ( RR=2.30, 95% CI 1.89~2.82, P<0.05), grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) ( RR=1.92, 95% CI 1.56~2.36, P<0.05),bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) ( RR=1.18,95% CI 1.04~1.33, P<0.05), neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) ( RR=1.25, 95% CI 1.14~1.38, P<0.05). However, it did not increase the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (>grade 2)( RR=1.31, 95% CI 0.96~1.79, P=0.09). The ELBWI was analyzed in subgroups, and the results were consistent with the overall results. Conclusion:CPR at birth for VLBWI/ELBWI was associated with higher risk of mortality, IVH (grade 3 or 4) or PVL, BPD, NDI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906351

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the treasure of the Chinese nation. As an important raw material for clinical treatment of diseases, Chinese materia medica plays an extremely important role. However, in the process of transformation from traditional wild collection of animals and plants to modern artificial cultivation and industrial production of preparations, whether the quality of Chinese materia medica is fully transferred will directly affect the quality and clinical efficacy of Chinese materia medica preparation. From the field to the sickbed, process control of quality transfer of Chinese materia medica is the key to guarantee quality and curative effect. In this paper, the whole process that affects the quality of Chinese materia medica preparations such as seed and seedling, planting and breeding, harvesting and processing, processing of decoction pieces and preparation production was analyzed. Paying attention to the whole process of quality control of Chinese materia medica is of great significance to improve the quality of Chinese materia medica preparations and promote the rapid development of TCM. Based on this, the author intended to analyze the key control links in the quality transfer process of Chinese materia medica (breeding, planting areas and field management, timely harvesting and intensive primary processing, appropriate processing, optimization of preparation technology, standardization of packaging and informationization of storage and transportation), in order to provide reference for the design and development of Chinese materia medica preparations guided by clinical value.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Jiangshi Xuantong decoction (JSXT) in the treatment of peripheral neuropathy patients with arthralgia syndrome caused by wind, heat, and dampness,investigate the changes in common clinical evaluation indexes and electrophysiology,and verify its effectiveness and safety. Method:A total of 120 patients were randomly divided into a JSXT group (<italic>n</italic>=60) and a mecobalamin group (<italic>n</italic>=60). The changes in Toronto clinical neuropathy scores (TCNSs),traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores,efficacy for TCM syndrome,electrophysiological results in the electromyogram, and safety indexes before and after JSXT treatment of peripheral neuropathy were observed to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of JSXT for peripheral neuropathy. Result:No significant differences in various indexes among patients were observed before treatment. The TCM syndrome score,TCNS, and electrophysiological results in the electromyogram of the patients after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The evaluation indexes of the treatment group were significantly higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). During the follow-up,the evaluation indexes in the treatment group increased with time,and the corresponding growth was higher than that in the control group. There were no significant adverse reactions in both groups,and the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion:JSXT in the treatment of patients with peripheral neuropathy is superior to the control in terms of clinical symptoms,relevant scores, and electrophysiological results,with definite clinical efficacy. It is proved safe and reliable and can effectively and quickly enhance peripheral neurological function,improve the quality of life,and alleviate the negative emotions of patients. Therefore,JSXT possesses a good clinical therapeutic efficacy on patients with peripheral neuropathy and is expected to provide a new treatment method for patients with peripheral neuropathy,which is worthy of further clinical promotion.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922408

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is caused by many factors, and most newborns with IUGR are small for gestational age (SGA). SGA infants have a relatively high risk of death and disease in the perinatal period, and the nervous system already has structural changes in the uterus, including the reduction of brain volume and gray matter volume, accompanied by abnormal imaging and pathological changes. IUGR fetuses undergo intrauterine blood flow redistribution to protect brain blood supply, and there are still controversies over the clinical effect of brain protection mechanism. SGA infants have a relatively high risk of abnormal cognitive, motor, language, and behavioral functions in the neonatal period and childhood, and preterm infants tend to have a higher degree of neurological impairment than full-term infants. Early intervention may help to improve the function of the nervous system.


Subject(s)
Brain , Child , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Pregnancy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of two children with developmental epileptic encephalopathy type 66.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the two children and their parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out and suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The main manifestations of the two children were neonatal onset seizures, hypotonia, global developmental delay, and facial dysmorphisms. Cranial MRI showed delayed myelination in case 1 and cerebellar dysgenesis in case 2. WES has identified a de novo pathogenic variant in the PACS2 gene in both patients, namely c.625G>A (p.Glu209Lys)(NM_001100913.3), which was reported as a pathogenic variant before. This variant was predicted to be pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guideline (PS2+PM2+PP3). The seizures were controlled after combination treatment of sodium valproate and levetiracetam in both cases. At last follow-up, the motor and intellectual development of the 2 cases were improved. Compared with the cases reported, the clinical symptoms and signs of our cases were relatively mild, and the treatment effects were fairly good.@*CONCLUSION@#The variant of c.625G>A (p.Glu209Lys) in PACS2 gene is a hotspot variant of developmental epileptic encephalopathy 66. Gene testing can facilitate the clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Epilepsy, Generalized , Family , Genetic Testing , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and compare the clinical efficacies of remnant-preserving and remnant-non-preserving, remnant-non-preserving remnant segment preserving and remnant root preserving with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.@*METHODS@#From March 2014 to December 2017, 204 patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries were treated by single-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft. According to the different methods of remnant preservation, the procedures were divided into remnant segment preserving group (A), remnant root preserving group (B), and remnant-non-preserving group (C). There were 37 males and 39 femalesin group A aged from 16 to 43 years old with an average of (28.80±5.41) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 11 weeks with an average of (3.68±1.04) weeks. In group B, there were 39 males and 25 females aged from 18 to 41 years old with an average of (28.42±5.60) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 weeks with an average of (3.36±1.68) weeks. In group C, there were 37 males and 27 females aged from 18 to 43 years old with an average of (29.10±6.11) years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 11 weeks with an average of (3.54±1.46) weeks. The range of motion (ROM) of the knee was used to assess the range of extension and flextion of the knee at pre-operation and 24 months after operation. Lysholm score and the international knee documentation committee (IKDC) score were used to assess the knee function. The differences among three procedures were judged by comparing among the three groups at 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#All incisions got a one stage healing, and no complications, such as vascular injury, nerve damage and articular infect or the like, occurred. All the patients were followed up, and the follow-up duration of group A ranged from 24.00 to 45.96 months with a mean of (35.52±14.40) months;the follow up duration of group B ranged from 27.96 to 48.00 months with a mean of (37.56±10.68) month;and the follow up duration of group C ranged from 24.00 to 66.00 months with a mean of (37.08±13.44) month. There were no significant differences in follow up time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with remnant-non-preserving group, the residual tissue of anterior cruciate ligament is preserved, which is conducive to promote the healing and remodeling of tendon graft and accelerate the recovery of joint function. Proper fixation of residual tissue and restoration of its tension are the key factors affecting the postoperative efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921635

ABSTRACT

In this paper, co-processed lactose SuperTab 40 LL was selected as fillers to study the preparation of musk sustained-release mini-tablets in the Xihuang multiple-unit drug release system. Musk sustained-release tablets containing different proportions of SuperTab 40 LL and MCC were prepared under various pressures, and then the compressibility and compactibility of these prescriptions were evaluated by Walker, Heckel and Ryshkewitch-Duckworth equations. In addition, the fluidity of the prescriptions was evaluated by parameters of Kawakita equation. There was a comprehensive analysis of the effect of SuperTab 40 LL on musk sustained-release mini-tablets combined with the appearance of SuperTab 40 LL and their tensile strength. The results shown that SuperTab 40 LL had better compression process through the Heckel equation, and the direct compression process of drug powders with excipients can be analyzed by the Kawakita and Ryshkewitch-Duckworth equations. As a new type of co-processed lactose, SuperTab 40 LL had a good fluidity and compactibility. SuperTab 40 LL may undergo particle crushing and plastic deformation during the compression process, which increased the contact area and bonding sites between the particles, and aggregated and shaped the mixed powder easy. Moreover, MCC showed a synergistic effect, and the combined application with SuperTab 40 ll could effectively improve the fluidity and compressibility of the musk sustained-release powder. When the ratio of SuperTab 40 LL and MCC was 2∶1, musk sustained-release mini-tablets had a high drug loading capacity and good compactibility in line with the design objectives.


Subject(s)
Delayed-Action Preparations , Drug Compounding , Excipients , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Models, Theoretical , Powders , Tablets
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#High-fat diet is one of the main risk factors that disrupt the balance of gut microbiota, which eventually will induce colorectal cancer (CRC). Evodiamine (EVO) is a wildly used multifunctional traditional Chinese medicine extract. In this study, we investigated the role of gut microbiota in high-fat diet-propelled CRC and the potential of EVO for CRC chemoprevention.@*METHODS@#Gut microbiota, serum d-lactic acid and endotoxin from 38 patients with colon cancer and 18 healthy subjects were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, body mass index, phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) expression in cancer tissues and paracancerous tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. A mouse intestinal inflammatory tumor model was established by azomethane/sodium dextran sulfate, followed by treatment with EVO and 5-aminosalicylic acid (ASA). Gut microbiota and inflammatory factors were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, while serum d-lactic acid and endotoxin were detected by ELISA. Furthermore, cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, and interleukin (IL)-6/STAT3/P65 pathway were evaluated by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling, and Western blot assays.@*RESULTS@#In patients with colon cancer, the numbers of Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli were increased, while those of Bifidobacterium, Campylobacter and Lactobacillus were decreased. Serum endotoxin and d-lactic acid levels and p-STAT3 levels were significantly increased. In the mouse model, both EVO and ASA inhibited tumor formation, decreased the proliferation of tumor cells, and induced apoptosis of tumor cells. Compared with the control group, the numbers of E. faecalis and E. coli were decreased, while Bifidobacterium, Campylobacter and Lactobacillus numbers were increased. In the EVO group, serum endotoxin and d-lactic acid levels and inflammatory factors were significantly decreased. Further, the IL6/STAT3/P65 signaling pathway was inhibited in the EVO group.@*CONCLUSION@#EVO may inhibit the occurrence of colon cancer by regulating gut microbiota and inhibiting intestinal inflammation. The potential mechanism involves inhibition of the IL6/STAT3/P65 signaling pathway, revealing its potential therapeutic significance in clinical applications.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880510

ABSTRACT

With reference to international guidelines for the development of tools-Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system approach and reasoning, this practice guideline has been drafted reflecting the characteristics of acupuncture to improve effectiveness and safety of acupuncture treatment for allergic rhinitis. This guideline includes outlining the acupuncture diagnosis and treatment principles for allergic rhinitis, suggesting recommendations and related evidence for the acupuncture treatment of allergic rhinitis, and defining operating methods and precautions for the acupuncture treatment of allergic rhinitis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in function of CD8@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of PD-1, TIM-3, and LAG-3, which were the markers of exhausted CD8@*RESULTS@#The expressions of inhibitory receptors (PD-1, TIM3 and LAG-3) on CD8@*CONCLUSION@#The exhausted CD8


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, survival and adverse effects of non-transplanted multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with bortezomib maintenance.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 newly diagnosed/relapsed non-transplanted MM patients treated in West District of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from June 2004 to November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received PD regimen (bortezomib and dexamethasone), including bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m@*RESULTS@#Till November 1, 2017, 5 patients achieved stringent complete response (sCR), 8 patients achieved complete response (CR), 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 4 patients achieved partial reponse (PR), while 1 patient achieved stable disease (SD). After maintenance therapy, 21 patients maintained the efficacy above PR, of which 1 patient was improved from CR to sCR; 4 patients adjusted chemotherapy after disease progressed. Median maintenance therapy was 9 cycles (range from 6 to 31), and the median maintenance time was 27 months (range from 18 to 97). Median follow-up time was 73 months (range from 25 to 171). Median progress-free survival (PFS) time was 30 months (range from 9 to 105) and overall survival (OS) time was 57 months (range from 27 to 160). Till November 1, 2019, 3-year survival rate was 84% (21/25), and 5-year survival rate was 72% (13/18). The most common adverse events were transient leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral neuropathy, which the patients could tolerate after the prevention and treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Bortezomib-based maintenance therapy for non-transplanted MM patients can be an option in consideration of its safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 142-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862616

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#According to the Healthy China Action Plan, Wuhan gives full play to the role of preventing and controlling student myopia by promoting student health. The primary focus is placed on education in schools, and Wuhan has integrated educational resources to develop a multi-level myopia prevention and control system and service network for school students. The network contains educational adminstrative, schools, families, and professional technical service organizations. By integrating multiple disciplines, Wuhan has built a comprehensive vision health management service system for all students. The Internet and cloud intelligent monitoring facilitated the establishment of a smart vision health management platform for students, which thoroughly and efficiently implemented myopia prevention and control to safeguard students visual health by engaging in education, monitoring, and supervision. The prevention and control of student myopia is a breakthrough for comprehensive healthy development of students. A comparison of the standard myopia rate in Wuhan in 2019 and 2018 revealed that the standard myopia rate at different learning stages of primary school, junior high school, and high school dropped by 3.31, 2.50, and 2.26 percentage points, respectively, and the rate of myopia in primary school was significantly lower than the national level. Post-epidemic surveys showed that the compliance rate and the awareness rate of the visual environment and visual behaviors of primary and secondary school students in Wuhan reached more than 80%, and prevalence of newly onset myopia or decreased vision was 30%, which was lower than the national average. The "Wuhan Model" provides an important referential framework for public health services for school students.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 559-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish HPLC fingerprint of Coptis chinensis inflorescence,and study its spectrum-effect relationship with antioxidant and antibacterial effects. METHODS :Taking 14 batches of C. chinensis inflorescence from different producing areas as the object ,HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Supersil C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% phosphoric acid solution(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 25 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 329 nm,and sample size was 10 μL. The fingerprints of 14 batches of C. chinensis inflorescence were established by Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Fingerprint (2012 A edition ),and the similarity evaluation and common peak identification were carried out. Taking DPPH free radical scavenging rate and hydroxyl radical scavenging rate as antioxidant effects index ,relative antibacterial activity (Escherichia coli )as antibacterial effect index , SPSS 21.0 software was adopted to analyze the Pearson correlation between common peaks of C. chinensis inflorescence and above efficacy indexes ;their spectrum-effect relationship was established and validated. RESULTS :A total of 7 common peaks were obtained in HPLC fingerprint of C. chinensis inflorescence,and the similarity was no less than 0.916. No. 5 peak was identified as berberine hydrochloride. Seven common peaks were positively correlated with DPPH free radical scavenging rate ;No. 1-3,4,6,7 peaks were positively correlated with hydroxyl radical scavenging rate ,while No. 5 peak was negatively correlated with hydroxyl radical scavenging rate. There was a positive correlation between No. 5 peak and antibacterial activity in vitro . After validation , relative error between the predicted values and the measured values of DPPH free radical scavenging rate ,hydroxyl radical scavenging rate and relative antibacterial activity was 0.92%- 14.5% . CONLUSIONS :The established spectrum-effect relationship model can be used to evaluate antioxidant andantibacterial effects of C. chinensis inflorescence. The chemical components represented by No. 1,2,3,4,6,7 peaks are the material basis of antioxidant effect of C. chinensis inflorescence, and berberine hydrochloride is the material basis of antibacterial effect.

17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 613-622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer has the highest mortality in China. Different treatments are of great significance to the prognosis of patients. By comparing stage Ia non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients' survival rates for ablation and for sub-lobectomy, we studied the difference in the effects of the two treatments on patient prognosis.@*METHODS@#Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we screened eligible patients with stage Ia NSCLC from January 2004 to December 2015. Then, 228 patients treated with ablation and 228 patients treated with sub-lobotomy were then selected based on propensity score matching. After stratification, matching, and adjustment the Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to compare the overall survival rates of patients treated with the two procedures.@*RESULTS@#The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there is a significant difference between the ablation group and the sub-lobectomy group (P<0.05). In the univarlable analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) of sub-lobotomy group was 0.571 (95%CI: 0.455-0.717) compared with the ablation group. Patients treated with sub-lobectomy had a 0.571 times greater risk of adverse outcomes than those treated with ablation. In the multivariable analysis, the HR for sub-lobectomy group was 0.605 (95%CI: 0.477-0.766) compared with the ablation group. Patients treated with sub-lobectomy had a 0.605 time greater risk of adverse outcomes than those treated with ablation. The results suggested that the overall survival rate of patients with stage Ia NSCLC treated with sub-lobotomy was higher than that of patients treated with ablation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study suggests that there is a significant difference in overall survival of stage Ia NSCLC patients treated with ablation and with sub-lobotomy. Patients treated with sub-lobotomy for stage Ia NSCLC had higher overall survival than those treated with ablation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905787

ABSTRACT

Cricopharyngeus muscle (CPM) is an important component of upper esophageal sphincter. It is termed cricopharyngeus dysfunction (CPD) if CPM fails to relax, which may be second to neurologic or neoplastic disease. However, the pathogenesis is not yet clear. The diagnosis of CPD would combine clinical features and swallowing evalutions, such as videofluoroscopic swallowing study, pharyngeal manometry and electromyogram, etc. Esophageal manometry is not the golden standard and should be combined with videofluoroscopic swallowing study. Interventions include swallowing exercise, pharyngoesophageal balloon dilatation, Botulinum toxin injection and cricopharyngeus myotomy. The outcomes will be better in those with intact laryngeal elevation and pharyngeal contraction. Balloon dilation is more commonly used. The success rate of cricopharyngeus myotomy is reported higher than that of Botulinum toxin injection. Each of the three technologies has their advantages, and it needs more researches to study their indications, contraindications and patient selection.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report our experience in treatment of patients with orthopaedic trauma during COVID-19 epidemic.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the 67 patients with orthopedic trauma who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 1 to March 31, 2020. After screening for COVID-19 infection was performed under strict protection, the patients were diagnosed and assigned to outpatient emergency treatment or hospitalization according to their specific condition. Twenty-six patients were treated at the outpatient emergency department. They were 8 males and 18 females with an average age of 69.5 years. Of them, 6 with vertebral compression fracture were placed on bed brakes, 14 with limb fracture immobilized after close reduction, 2 with skin laceration treated with debridement and suture, and 4 with hip fracture immobilized in bed. In the 41 hospitalized patients, there were 14 males and 27 females with an average age of 68.5 years. In them, hemiarthroplasty was performed for 7 femoral neck fractures, kyphoplasty for 5 vertebral compression fractures, total elbow arthroplasty for one humeral intercondylar fracture, exploration and suture for one case of Achilles tendon rupture, and internal fixation surgery for the remaining 27 cases.Results:Most of the patients had osteoporotic fractures which accounted for 61.5% (16/26) of the outpatients and 68.3% (28/41) of the inpatients, respectively. The duration from injury to surgery averaged 2.3 days and the length of hospitalization 4.5 days for the 41 hospitalized patients, decreased compared with the corresponding data (3.1 days and 11.5 days) for the similar inpatients in the same period last year. In the 41 inpatients, fever was observed upon hospitalization in 4 cases and after operation in 26 cases, and related to their primary injury or surgical trauma in all. Acute pulmonary embolism happened during operation in one patient with femoral shaft fracture.Conclusions:The prevention and control of COVID-19 should be continued. The awareness and behavior of health care providers are expected to be enhanced by strict screening protocol, protection and supervision. The proportion of elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Shortage of blood was the major problem affecting the treatment. Timely surgical treatment should be indicated for the patients with orthopedic trauma, especially those with lower extremity fracture.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic digestive resection and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastric stromal tumor with diameter<3.5 cm.Methods:Stratified sampling was used to select 100 patients with diameter<3.5cm gastric stromal tumor from January 2018 to January 2020 in Yuncheng Central Hospital, and they were divided into two groups by touching the ball method.The control group (50 cases) was treated with laparoscopic surgery, and the observation group (50 cases) was treated with digestive endoscopic resection.The therapeutic effects of the two groups were compared.Results:The operative time of the observation group was (63.51±13.52)min, which was shorter than that of the control group [(71.24±15.04)min] ( t=2.703, P=0.004). The intraoperative blood loss in the observation group was (38.15±2.55)mL, which was less than that in the control group [(40.12±3.56)mL] ( t=3.181, P=0.001). The postoperative fasting time of the observation group was (20.02±3.85)h, which was shorter than that of the control group [(22.12±2.96)h] ( t=3.058, P=0.001). The postoperative recover defecation time of the observation group was (18.61±1.89)h, which was shorter than that of the control group [(20.05±3.13)h] ( t=2.785, P=0.003). The length of hospital stay in the observation group was (6.25±1.96)d, which was shorter than that in the control group [(7.06±1.16)d] ( t=2.515, P=0.007). The incidence of complications was 4.00% in the observation group, and 8.00% in the control group, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(χ 2=0.177, P=0.673). There was no statistically significant difference in tumor risk classification between the two groups ( Z=0.386, P=0.534). Conclusion:Endoscopic digestive resection in the treatment of gastric stromal tumor with diameter<3.5cm has advantages of short operation time, less bleeding and fast postoperative recovery, etc., and has certain efficacy and safety.

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