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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 311-316, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015487

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a cell model based on calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) that could sensitively detect the second messenger Ca

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 567-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878880

ABSTRACT

A method was established for content determination of two kinds of phenolic acids, including rosmarinic acid)(RA) and caffeic acid(CA), and six kinds of flavonoids including scutellarein-7-O-diglucuronide(SDG), luteolin-7-O-diglucuronide(LDG), apigenin-7-O-diglucuronide(ADG), scutellarin-7-O-glucuronide(SG), luteolin-7-O-glucuronide(LG), and apigenin-7-O-glucuronide(AG) in Perilla frutescens leaves. The content of eight chemical components was measured based on ten P. frutescens germplasms of different chemotypes of volatile oil, different cultivated years, and different harvesting periods. The results showed that there was a great difference between the two kinds of constituents of different germplasms. The total content of the two phenolic acids was 2.24-34.44 mg·g~(-1), and the total content of the six flavonoids was 11.55-34.71 mg·g~(-1). Then according to content from most to least, the order of each component was RA(2.13-33.97 mg·g~(-1)), LDG(1.31-14.80 mg·g~(-1)), SG(1.97-8.45 mg·g~(-1)), ADG(2.68-7.60 mg·g~(-1)), SDG(1.16-5.87 mg·g~(-1)), LG(0.78-1.91 mg·g~(-1)), AG(0.56-1.00 mg·g~(-1)), and CA(0.11-0.68 mg·g~(-1)). The chemical contents of the 5 PA-type germplasms in 2017 were mostly higher than those in 2018 showing a large variation with the cultivation years. These contents of two kinds of phenolic acids of 9 germplasms fluctuated with the harvesting time. The content decreased before early flower spike(the 3~(rd) to 18~(th) in August) at first and began to increase in flowering and fruiting period(the 18~(th) in August to 2~(nd) in September). However, these contents had slowly decreasing trend after 2~(nd) in September till 17~(th) in the same month. Interestingly, the content raised again in the maturity of fruits. The variation tendency of contents in six kinds of flavonoids components was inconsistent in different germplasms with the variation of harvesting time. The content of flavonoids in part of germplasms was negatively correlated with the fluctuation of phenolic acids. There was no correlation between phenolic acids and chemical type of the volatile oil. This paper may provide a reference for the high-quality germplasm of P. frutescens cultivation.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Oils, Volatile , Perilla frutescens , Phenols , Plant Leaves
3.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 4934-4942, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846143

ABSTRACT

Objective: Asiaticoside-sodium alginate repair patch (As-SA RP) was prepared and its effect on skin wound healing was investigated. Methods: Based on the cross-linking characteristics of sodium alginate and Ca2+, As-SA RP was prepared using asiaticoside as a drug model through blending with sodium alginate. The compatibility of the blend films was investigated by scanning electron microscope and FTIR. The whole layer of skin on both sides of the back spine of New Zealand's big ear rabbit was used to establish the trauma model. The repair effect of the external application of As-SA RP on skin wounds was investigated by observing the healing status and determining the expression levels of collagen (hydroxyproline as an index) and pro-inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) factors in the injured skin tissue. Results: Asiaticoside had good compatibility with sodium alginate and can be successfully prepared As-SA RP. Compared with other groups, the red swelling, bleeding, infection, and exudate on injured skin were significantly reduced, and the wound healing rate was also relatively increased after As-SA RP treatment. Moreover, the less inflammatory cells infiltration, more new capillaries and intact wound skin structure relatively tight and orderly arrangement of collagen fibers were observed in the As-SA RP group. On the other hand, the biochemical analysis showed that As-SA RP could effectively inhibit the high expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 in the injured skin tissue and significantly increase the contents of hydroxyproline and collagen fiber. Conclusion: As-SA RP could improve the skin absorption of asiaticoside and show the better effect of skin wound healing than the active component asiaticoside.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 960-965, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of gamma-delta T (γδ T) cells and its subsets in the immunopathogenesis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in children, and to provide new ideas for the treatment of HSP in children from the aspect of γδ T cell regulation.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 children with HSP were enrolled as the HSP group, and 21 healthy children were enrolled as the healthy control group. The percentages of γδ T cells and its subsets Vδ1 T and Vδ2 T cells among peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were measured, as well as the apoptosis rate of γδ T cell and plasma level of interleukin-17 (IL-17).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the HSP group had significantly lower percentages of lymphocytes in PBMCs and Vδ2 T cells in γδ T cells (P<0.05). The HSP group had significantly higher percentage of Vδ1 T cells in γδ T cells and plasma level of IL-17 than the healthy control group. The HSP group had a significantly higher overall apoptosis rate of γδ T cells than the healthy control group (P<0.05), especially early apoptosis. The percentage of Vδ2 T cells was positively correlated with overall apoptosis rate (r=0.615, P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with IL-17 level (r=-0.398, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Vδ1/Vδ2 T cell immune imbalance mediated by γδ T cells and over-activation of IL-17 may be involved in the development of HSP, among which the disturbance of immune tolerance induced by Vδ2 T cells plays an important role in the pathophysiology of the disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , IgA Vasculitis , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta , T-Lymphocytes
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 332-337, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774600

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the chemical differences in Bupleurum. chinense,B. marginatum,B. marginatum var. stenophyllum and B. smithii var. parvifolium. Chromatographic separation was carried out on an Acquity HSS T3 C_(18) column( 2. 1 mm ×100 mm,1. 8 μm,Waters) with the mobile phase composed of 0. 1% formic acid in water-acetonitrile in the gradient elution. A hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry( Q-TOF-MS~E) was used for mass spectrometric analysis. Finally,25 peaks were identified based on their exact mass data and fragmentation characteristics. B.chinense,B.marginatum,B. marginatum var. stenophyllum and B. smithii var. parvifolium were obviously clustered into 3 types through processing by principal component analysis( PCA). There was almost no difference between B. chinense and B. marginatum. However,the compounds existed in B. chinense were different from those in B. marginatum var. stenophyllum,and B. smithii var. parvifolium.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum , Chemistry , Classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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