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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243185

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of combination use of prostaglandin analogue and cholinergic agonists on main matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) synthesized by albino rabbit ciliary muscle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Normal adult albino rabbits were divided into the control group, 2% pilocarpine group, 0.004% travoprost group and travoprost plus pilocarpine group. Two rabbits in the control group were executed after treated with normal saline for one day. Two rabbits were separately executed on the 7th, 14th and 24th day of the treatment in each drug treated group. In each subgroup ciliary muscle band of 4 eyes was taken and made into homogenate. The MMPs activities of 10 subgroups were assayed by zymography. Bands' intensity which represents the activity of MMPs was measured by the UltraViolet Illumination system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A bright band of MMP-1/2 was showed on each lane at the position corresponding to the molecular weight of 62 kD in the ciliary smooth muscles electrophoresis. When ion Zn and Ca was displaced by MMPs inhibitor EDTA, this bright band disappeared. Compared with the control group, MMP1/2 activity increased by 4.0%, 4.1% and 14.0% after 7, 14 and 24 days of pilocarpine treatment. Corresponding data was 23.2%, 61.7% and 111.5% in the travoprost group and 49.3%, 68.0% and 88.4% in the travoprost plus pilocarpine group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pilocarpine has little effect on activity of MMP1/2. Travoprost can increase activity of MMP1/2 gradually. Activity of MMP1/2 is rapidly increased by pilocarpine combined with travoprost, but shows small change with the prolonged treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Ciliary Body , Cloprostenol , Pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Muscle, Smooth , Pilocarpine , Pharmacology , Pilot Projects , Rabbits , Travoprost
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635674

ABSTRACT

Background It has been clarified that topical administration of cholinomimetic drug or prostaglandin analogus can effectively low intraoeular pressure (IOP) in primary angle-closure glaueoma and angleopen glaucoma,respectively.The two eyedrops are often combined clinically to treat glaueomatous eye.But their effect mechanism on ciliary muscle is different.It is neeessarv to prove the clinical efficacy of combination of these two drugs.Objective This study attempted to compare hypotensive effect of individual and combinative use of 2%piloearpine and 0.004% travoprost in normal rabbit eyes.Methods Thirty normal albino rabbits were randomly divided into three parallel groups.Lateral eye of each rabbit was appointed as the experimental eye and the fellow eye was used as control eye.2% Pilocarpine eyedrop was instilled three times daily and 0.004% travoprost eyedrops was used once per night in the pilocarpine and travoprost group.These two drugs were combined in the combination group.The normal saline solution was used in the control eyes IOP was measured bilaterally with Perkins application tonometer at 8:00 am on the day before and 1,2,4,8,14,24 days after the administration of eyedrops.The use of the animals complied with the Regulations for the Administration of Affairs Concerning Experimental Animals by State Science and Technology Commission.Results The IOP was significantly lower on 1 day after use of eyedrops than baseline IOP in the experimental eyes in the pilocarpine group,travoprost group and combination group,but no obvious change in IOP before and after use of eyedrops in the control eyes.There was no significant difference in the baseline IOP in both experimental eyes and control eyes,however,signifieant differences were seen in various time points after administration of eyedrops between experimental eyes and control eyes(P<0.05).Compared with baseline IOP,IOP declined by 17.5%-22.0% in pilocarpine group,23.8%-26.4% travoprost group,27.6%-32.0% in the combination group.For normal eye,piloearpine+travoprost showed a more power lowing IOP effect.Conclusions Hypotensive effect of combinative use of 2% pilcoarpine and 0.004% travoprost is strongest in comparison with individual use of pilocarpine or travoprost,but less than the statistical sum of individual use of these two drugs in a 24-day duration in normal eye of albino rabbit.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1134-1138, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is the most severe intraocular complication that results in total retinal destruction and loss of visual acuity in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study aimed to investigate the fundus characteristics, systemic manifestations and therapeutic outcomes of CMV retinitis associated with AIDS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>It was a retrospective case series. CMV retinitis was present in 39 eyes (25 patients). Best corrected visual acuities, anterior segment, fundus features, fundus fluorescence angiography (FFA) and CD4(+) T-lymphocyte counts of the patients with CMV retinitis associated with AIDS were analyzed. Intravitreal injections of ganciclovir (400 µg) were performed in 4 eyes (2 patients).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Retinal vasculitis, dense, full-thickness, yellow-white lesions along vascular distribution with irregular granules at the border, and hemorrhage on the retinal surface were present in 28 eyes. The vitreous was clear or mildly opaque. Late stage of the retinopathy was demonstrated in 8 eyes characterized as atrophic retina, sclerotic and attenuated vessels, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy, and optic nerve atrophy. Retinal detachment was found in 3 eyes. The average CD4(+) T-lymphocyte count in peripheral blood of the patients with CMV retinitis was (30.6 ± 25.3) × 10(6)/L (range, (0 - 85) × 10(6)/L). After intravitreal injections of ganciclovir, visual acuity was improved and fundus lesions regressed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CMV retinitis is the most severe and the most common intraocular complication in patients with AIDS. For the patients with yellow-white retinal lesions, hemorrhage and retinal vasculitis without clear cause, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serology should be performed. Routine eye examination is also indicated in HIV positive patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Adult , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Cytomegalovirus Retinitis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Female , Fluorescein Angiography , Ganciclovir , Pharmacology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635594

ABSTRACT

Background Placement of an orbital implant is a main way to prevent orbital atrophy with aging.But its mechanism is under clear.Researchs showed that bone growth factors play important role during the development and repair of bone,especially transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1).Objective Present study was to investigate the expression of TGF-β1 protein in orbital bone after enucleation or enucleation with placement of an orbital implant and its function in the mechanisms of preventing and treating the orbital malformed development after enucleation with placement of an orbital implant.Methods Twenty-one age- and weight-matched New Zealand white young rabbits were randomly divided into the enucleation,implant and control groups,and each group including seven rabbits.Eyeball nucleation surgery was performed in the left eyes of 7 1-month-old rabbits,and a spherical orbital implant was inserted after enucleation of the left in matched rabbits in implant group.The left eye of normal rabbits served as controls.The rabbits were sacrificed in 1 month after surgery.The expression of TGF-β1 protein in the left orbital bone was detected using enzyme immunoassay and FITC labelling immunoassay technique in the sections of zygomatic bones.The content of TGF-β1 protein in the left orbital bone tissue was measured by ELISA method.This use of animals complied with the Regulations for the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animals by State Science and Technology Commission.Results The height and width of orbital in enucleation group were significantly lower than those of implant and normal control groups(height:P=0.00,P=0.00;width:P =0.00,P=0.00).The positive bone cells of both enzyme immunoassay and FITC staining were increased in the implant and control groups in comparison with enucleation group,but the positive response intensity for TGF-β1 was resembled between implant group and control group.ELISA result revealed that the content of TGF-β1 protein in bone tissue was significantly lower in the enucleation group than in implant and control groups(P=0.00,P=0.00).The expression and content of TGF-β1 protein in bone tissue is similar between the implant group and the control group(P=0.41). Conclusion The experiment results indicate that TGF-β1 protein participate in the orbital development.TGF-β1 played important role in the prevention and treatment of enucleation-induced orbital malformation in the eye with placement of an orbital implant.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1417-1421, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241768

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Travoprost has been widely used for the treatment of patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering efficacy of travoprost 0.004% monotherapy in patients previously treated with other topical hypotensive medications, and in previously untreated patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This open-label, 12-week study in 1651 adult patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma who were untreated or required a change in therapy (due to either inadequate efficacy or safety issues) as judged by the investigator was conducted at 6 sites in China. Previously treated patients were instructed to discontinue their prior medications at the first visit. All the patients were dosed with travoprost 0.004% once-daily at 8 p.m. in both eyes for 12 weeks. Efficacy and safety evaluations were conducted at week 4 and 12. IOP measurements were performed at the same time of day at the follow-up visits.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For patients transitioned to travoprost, mean IOP reductions from baseline in untreated and treated patients with different prior medications at week 12 were: latanoprost, (4.3 +/- 4.6) mmHg; beta-blocker, (6.3 +/- 4.0) mmHg; alpha-agonist, (7.5 +/- 4.3) mmHg; topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, (8.0 +/- 4.9) mmHg. All mean IOP changes from baseline were statistically significant (P < 0.001). No treatment-related serious adverse events were reported in this study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients treated with other hypotensive medications or untreated, the IOP reduction with travoprost was significant. The results of this study demonstrated the potential benefit of using travoprost as a replacement therapy in order to ensure adequate IOP control. Travoprost administered once daily was safe and well tolerated in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cloprostenol , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Drug Therapy , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Male , Middle Aged , Ocular Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Travoprost , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301641

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between neuroretinal rim area (RA) /retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and differential light sensitivity (DLS) in visual field in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-one eyes of 51 patients with POAG were examined with HRT II, GDx VCC, and Octopus 101 for RA, RNFL thickness, and DLS. Their correlations were evaluated with linear and logarithmic regression models globally and for individual sectors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all the considered patients, visual field DLS was significantly correlated with neuroretinal RA or RNFL thickness globally and in individual sectors. Logarithmic fits were significantly better than linear fits for the global data and in most sectors. In preperimetric glaucoma, such correlations were weak and linear (R2 = 0.01-0.26). However, in perimetric glaucoma, the correlations were much stronger and curvilinear model gave the better fit (R2 = 0.15-0.84). Neuroretinal RA and RNFL thickness were linearly correlated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Neuroretinal RA, RNFL thickness, and DLS in visual field were well correlated in POAG.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Pathology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nerve Fibers , Pathology , Optic Disk , Pathology , Photophobia , Regression Analysis , Retina , Pathology , Visual Fields , Physiology , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of oxidative stress on the expression of endothelialleukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) in porcine trabecular meshwork cells and to elucidate the relationship between the expression of ELAM-1 and IL-1alpha.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary cultured porcine trabecular meshwork cells were cultured without serum and treated with 1 mmol/L H2O2 with or without pretreatment of IL-1ralpha of different concentrations. The expression of ELAM-1 was tested by immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ELAM-1 immunocytochemistry staining was positive in the H2O2-treated porcine trabecular meshwork cells. It was negative in the porcine trabecular meshwork cells pretreated with IL-1alpha of high concentrations (180 microg/ml and 600 microg/ml).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Oxidative stress can induce the expression of ELAM-1 in porcine trabecular meshwork cells. In the in vitro cell system, IL-1ralpha of high concentration can inhibit the expression of ELAM-1 induced by oxidative stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , E-Selectin , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pharmacology , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Swine , Trabecular Meshwork , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229964

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility of using cultured corneal endothelial cell (CECs) transplantation for cornea endothelium cell destruction with Gelatin membrane as the carrier in rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cultured CECs were labeled by Brdu and subcultured in vitro on glutaraldehyde-fixed Gelatin membranes and then the membranes were glued by alpha-cyanoacrylate alkyl to 7.00 mm autologous rabbit corneal bottons whose endothelium were mechanically removed previously. The buttons were sutured in place. With this method the right eyes of 21 rabbits were transplanted with CECs, and the right eyes of another 17 rabbits were transplanted with non-cells carrier as controls. The rabbits were bred and observed by slit microscopy and confocal microscopy at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgeries. Also, introcular pressure and corneal thickness were measured by Perkin's tonometer and ultrasonic pachymeter. After 12 weeks, all the animals were sacrificed and the grafts were examined by light microscopy and electronic microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CECs grew well on the gelatine memberane, and formed confluent monolayers in 3-5 days; the cell density reached as high as 2700 cells/mm2. After 2 weeks of operation, all corneal buttons were edema and began to be opaque. The control eyes remained opaque throughout the observation period. In eyes with CECs transplanted, the grafts began to be clear and thin 4 weeks after operation. The cell density of grafts decreased along with time, and the mean cell density of CECs transplantation buttons was (2023.3 +/- 330.3) cells/mm2 12 weeks after operation. The transplanted cells were stained with the anti-Brdu monoclonal antibody.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is feasible to culture and translate CECs with the Gelatin membrane.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Corneal Endothelial Cell Loss , Pathology , Therapeutics , Endothelial Cells , Transplantation , Endothelium, Corneal , Cell Biology , Rabbits
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of airway hyperresponsiveness, eosinophil (Eos) percentage,levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and interleukin-5 (IL-5) in induced sputum in elderly patients with late onset asthma (LOA) during the remission period. Methods Fifty-eight elderly patients with LOA during the remission period were selected.Bronchial challenge test was performed and the percentage of Eos and levels of ECP and IL-5 in induced sputum were measured by Wrights' stain,immuno-CAP system and ELISA,respectively.Twenty-five elderly patients with LOA during their exacerbation period and 15 healthy elderly subjects were selected as control.Results In fifty-eight LOA patients during their remission period,49 cases (84.5%) showed positive bronchial challenge test and 9cases(15.5%) negative.The percentage of Eos,levels of ECP and IL-5[(9.3?3.1)%],[(144.2?68.1)?g/L]and [(20.3?6.3)?g/L],in induced sputum in patients with LOA during their remission period were lower than those[(21.1?9.8)%, (399.3?172.5)?g/L and[(50.6?10.7)?g/L,respectively]in LOA group during the exacerbation period,and higher than those[(1.3?0.7)%,(48.7?21.9)?g/L and (10.3?3.2)?g/L]in healthy group(all P

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