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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Xintongtai (XTT) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and collagen fibers in vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) of rabbits with atherosclerosis in the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/activator protien-1 (AP-1)signaling pathway. Method:A total of 120 rabbits of SPF grade were randomly divided into the sham operation group, combined phlegm and blood stasis model group, rosuvastatin group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups. The rabbit model of atherosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis was established by exposing them to high-fat diet and balloon injury. Following modeling, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage for eight weeks (2.3, 4.6, 9.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups and 0.55 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>for rosuvastatin group). At the end of medication, the abdominal aorta was isolated and stained with htoxylin-eosin (HE) for observing the vulnerable plaque. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The collagen fiber decomposition in VSMCs was observed after Masson staining. The protein expression levels of p38 MAPK and AP-1 in aorta was assayed by Western blotting. The combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was scored based on TCM syndrome scoring scale. Result:Compared with the model group, XTT at each dose and rosuvastatin significantly decreased MMP-9 content, increased TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and weakened the nuclear translocation of AP-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the low-dose XTT group, the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group exhibited obviously lowered MMP-9,elevated TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and diminished AP-1 nuclear translocation (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TCM syndrome scores of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group were significantly improved as compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the low-dose XTT group revealed a remarkable improvement in TCM syndrome score of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by Masson staining, the smooth muscle fibers in the model group were arranged in disorder, accompanied by enhanced collagen decomposition, thinned fibrous cap, and increased plaque vulnerability. Compared with the model group, the VSMCs in each XTT group and rosuvastatin group were orderly arranged, manifested as decreased collagen fiber decomposition and increased plaque stability. Conclusion:XTT down-regulates the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-9, increases the level of TIMP-1, reduces the nuclear translocation of AP-1, diminishes the decomposition of collagen fibers in VSMCs, and improves the score of combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. XTT alleviates arteriosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis by regulating p38 MAPK/AP-1 signaling pathway and downstream cytokines and stabilizing vulnerable plaques.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 602-607, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879693

ABSTRACT

The aims of this study were to determine the prognostic value of primary tumor surgery and identify optimal candidates for such surgery among patients with seminoma and distant metastasis at diagnosis. We identified 521 patients with seminoma and distant metastasis at diagnosis between 2004 and 2014 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Among these patients, 434 had undergone surgery, whereas 87 had not. The prognostic value of primary tumor surgery was assessed by Kaplan-Meier methods, log-rank analyses, and multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model. Survival curves and forest plots were also plotted. Survival analysis indicated that patients who underwent surgery had a better 5-year overall survival and cancer-specific survival than those who did not. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that primary tumor surgery is an independent prognostic factor for overall survival and cancer-specific survival, along with age at diagnosis, M stage, and marital status. In addition, primary tumor surgery still had considerable prognostic value in the subgroup of patients with lymph node metastasis. Further, forest plots demonstrated that patients with M1a stage, N1 or N2-3 stage, and a younger age at diagnosis (<60 years) may benefit from primary tumor surgery. In conclusion, our findings indicate that primary tumor surgery is correlated with improved survival in patients with seminoma and distant metastasis. Furthermore, primary tumor surgery is an independent prognostic indicator for patients with seminoma and distant metastasis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801825

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on the analysis of the total components of fingerprint and the determination methods of the existing components in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the "point-line-surface" quality standard of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang was established by the "point" of each single component (morroniside, loganin, paeoniflorin, ferulic acid and verbascoside) to the "line" of multicomponent and the "face" of fingerprint of the whole component. Method: XB-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used for gradient elution of 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile. The column temperature was 30℃, the injection volume was 10 μL, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelengths were 240, 316, 230, 334 nm. The contents of these five components in Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were determined by three correction methods, external standard method and regression equation method. At the same time, the fingerprint of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were analyzed by total component analysis and similarity evaluation. Result: With ferulic acid as reference, the relative correction factor (f) of morroniside, loganin, paeoniflorin and verbascoside were 0.392 1, 0.421 4, 0.261 7, 0.268 6 by multi-point correction method, and their f (slope correction method) were 0.385 4, 0.419 4, 0.255 9, 0.274 0, respectively. Twenty characteristic peaks of fingerprint were analyzed and the similarity was ≥ 0.999.There was no significant difference in the contents of these five components from Yangjing Zhongyu Tang determined by the quantitative assay of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) correction method, the external standard method and the regression equation method. Conclusion: The comprehensive quality standard established by the total component analysis of fingerprint combined with various determination methods of existing components in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia has been validated in famous classical formula of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang, which can provide ideas and methods for the quality control with quantitative determination and fingerprint of other famous classical formulas.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801786

ABSTRACT

Yangjing Zhongyu Tang, from FU Qing-zhu Nvke, is a famous classical formula of clinical value for treating blood deficiency syndrome of female infertility in the Qing dynasty. The prescription seems plain, but it is rigorous and effective with high research value. In this paper, the ancient books and modern documents of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang were analyzed from the aspects of traceability of Chinese materia medica in the formula, pharmacological research, clinical research, etc. It could be concluded that the pharmacological studies of this formula were mostly to investigate the mechanism and efficacy of its treatment for infertility, but there was a lack of comprehensive interpretation of the structure, function and principle of pharmacodynamic substance in this formula. In this paper, combined with the contents of supramolecular imprinting template and network pharmacology, the new direction of pharmacological research of Chinese medicine compound was put forward. Quality control of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang mostly based on small molecule compounds, so it was suggested to break the inherent thinking, and increase the detection of macromolecule compounds and supramolecular of Chinese materia medica. The druggability of this formula involved in the preliminary study of decoctions, plasters and granules. Considering the quality stability of Chinese materia medica in the formula and the scientificity of druggability of this formula, the compatibility principle of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and modern supramolecular chemistry theory could be combined to study the change law of druggability of TCM before and after compatibility, so as to provide new reference materials for the follow-up clinical application and development of Yangjing Zhongyu Tang.

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