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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 409-413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common genetic renal diseases, which may cause oligoasthenospermia and azoospermia and result in male infertility. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in male patients with ADPKD-induced infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 7 male patients with ADPKD-induced infertility undergoing PGD from April 2015 to February 2017, including 6 cases of oligoasthenospermia and 1 case of obstructive azoospermia, all with the PKD1 gene heterozygous mutations. Following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), we performed blastomere biopsy after 5 or 6 days of embryo culture and subjected the blastomeres to Sureplex whole-genome amplification, followed by haplotype linkage analysis, Sanger sequencing, array-based comparative genomic hybridization to assess the chromosomal ploidy of the unaffected embryos, and identification of the unaffected euploid embryos for transfer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One PGD cycle was completed for each of the 7 patients. Totally, 26 blastocysts were developed, of which 12 were unaffected and diploid. Clinical pregnancies were achieved in 6 cases following 7 cycles of frozen embryo transplantation, which included 5 live births and 1 spontaneous abortion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For males with ADPKD-induced infertility, PGD may contribute to high rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth and prevent ADPKD in the offspring as well. This finding is also meaningful for the ADPKD patients with normal fertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Genetics , Biopsy , Blastocyst , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 38-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the features and treatment of male infertility induced by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for infertile men with ADPKD and those with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 21 cases of ADPKD-induced infertility, 15 treated by ICSI (group A), and another 164 cases of strictly matched CBAVD-induced infertility (group B). We compared the two groups in the couples' age, the number of ICSI oocytes, and the rates of fertilization, transferrable embryos, good embryos, embryos implanted, clinical pregnancy, biochemical pregnancy, early abortion, singleton and twins in the first cycle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 28 cycles of ICSI, 10 of the 15 ADPKD-induced infertility patients achieved clinical pregnancy, including 7 cases of live birth, 1 case of spontaneous abortion, and 2 cases of pregnancy maintenance. No significant differences were observed between groups A and B in the couples' age, the wives' BMI, or the numbers of ICSI oocytes and embryos transplanted (P >0.05), nor in the rates of ICSI fertilization (72.64% vs 76.17%), transferrable embryos (51.28% vs 63.24%), quality embryos (38.46% vs 49.83%), embryo implantation (17.64% vs 38.50%), abortion (0 vs 9.23%), singleton (50% vs 81.54%) and twins (50% vs 18.46%). However, the rates of clinical pregnancy (13.33% vs 42.68%, P = 0.023 <0.05) and biochemical pregnancy (13.33% vs 39.63%, P = 0.032 <0.05) were significantly lower in group A than in B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI is effective in the treatment of male infertility induced by either ADPKD or CBAVD, but the ADPKD cases have a lower success rate than the CBAVD cases in an individual cycle. The affected couples should be informed of the necessity of prenatal genetic diagnosis before embryo implantation and the inevitable vertical transmission of genetic problems to the offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Embryo Implantation , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Therapeutics , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Therapeutics , Oocytes , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1082-1086, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) and sperm malformation rate (SMR) before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and their impact on the clinical outcome of ICSI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 79 cycles of ICSI because of oligoasthenozoospermia. We detected the sperm concentration, percentage of progressively motile sperm, DFI and SMR at 3 to 6 months before ICSI, and analyzed the relationship of DFI and SMR with the outcome parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 79 oligoasthenozoospermia cases, DFI was found to be normal (< or = 25%) in 51 and abnormal (> 25%) in the other 28, significantly increased in the latter (14.18% vs 41.47%), and coincidently, SMR, too, was normal (< or = 96%) in 51 cases and abnormal (> 96%) in 28, significantly higher in the abnormal than in the normal cases (87.88% vs 98.46%). There were no significant differences between the normal and abnormal DFI groups in age, females'BMI, number of oocytes retrieved, and number of embryos transferred, nor between the normal and abnormal SMR groups in the number of fertilized oocytes and quality embryos, biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss. Sperm DFI was significantly positively correlated with SMR (r = 0.231, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI may reduce the rates of biochemical pregnancy and clinical pregnancy for men with increased sperm DFI (> 25%) and SMR (> 96%) by strict detection criteria, but with no statistically significant difference from normal males. Our findings need to be supported by further studies with larger sample sizes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromatin , DNA Fragmentation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa , Pathology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329898

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of natakalim against rat aortic vascular endothelial cells (RAVECs) injuries induced by hypoxia and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Selecting RAVECs as a cell model injured by hypoxia, these RAVECs were divided into 5 groups: i.e. control group, hypoxia group, natakalim low, medium and high group. The cell survival rate was determined by MTT assay, con was measured using Griess Assay, RT-PCR was used to examine t he expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelin-1 (ET-1) mRNA in RAVEC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Natakalim could reverse hypoxia-induced changes in endothelial cell function, including increased endothelial cell survival rate and level of NO concentration, significantly inhibited the hypoxia-induced endothelial ICAM-1, ET-1, VEGF mRNA expression levels increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Natakalim have protective effects on hypoxia-induced changes in endothelial cell function, increasing of permeation, excess expression of cell adhesion molecules.</p>


Subject(s)
Allyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Animals , Aorta , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Endothelin-1 , Metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Male , Propylamines , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Vascular System Injuries , Metabolism
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 771-774, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305793

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for infertile males with Y-chromosome microdeletions and for those with azoospermia or severe oligospermia but without Y-chromosome microdeletions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 56 cycles of ICSI for 48 infertile cases with Y microdeletions (Group A) and 94 cycles for 90 cases with azoospermia or severe oligospermia but without Y-chromosome microdeletions (Group B) during the same period. We compared the two groups in the females' age, duration of infertility, males' age, number of oocytes retrieved, number of ICSI oocytes, fertilization rate, good embryo rate, number of embryos transferred, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and babies' sexes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences between Groups A and B in the females' age, duration of infertility, males' age, number of oocytes retrieved, number of ICSI oocytes and number of embryos transferred (P > 0.05), nor in the rates of fertilization (69.0% vs 73.2%), good embryos (53.3% vs 48.7%), implantation (24.0% vs 30.3%), biochemical pregnancy (41.1% vs 44.7%), clinical pregnancy (37.5% vs 35.1%), early abortion (4.8% vs 6.1%) and live birth (35.7% vs 29.2%) (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Y-chromosome microdeletions do not affect the outcomes of ICSI. The affected couples should be informed of the necessity of prenatal genetic diagnosis before embryo implantation and the inevitability of vertical transmission to male offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Azoospermia , Genetics , Therapeutics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetics , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Oligospermia , Genetics , Therapeutics , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Disorders of Sex Development , Genetics , Therapeutics , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Treatment Outcome
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 977-983, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), as a clinically practical technique for the analysis of DNA damage, is rarely reported in China. This study focuses on the correlation of DNA damage with the pregnancy rate of intrauterine insemination (IUI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We performed semen analysis for 482 couples undergoing IUI, calculated the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) by SCSA, and observed the relationship between DFI and the pregnancy rate of IUI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Clinical pregnancy was achieved in 5 (5.26%) of the 95 cases with DFI > 25%, and in 59 (15.25%) of the 387 cases with DFI < or = 25%. Those with sperm DFI >25% had significantly lower rates of biochemical pregnancy and clinical pregnancy than those with DFI < or = 25% (OR: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.14 - 0.96 and OR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16 - 0.97). No significant differences were found in the DFI of 54 cases between the first and the second cycle ([15.05 +/- 7.98]% vs [17.25 +/- 12.18]%, P > 0.05). Sperm DFI was significantly negatively correlated with sperm concentration, sperm motility and total progressively motile sperm count (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pregnancy rate of IUI is significantly lower in couples with DFI >25% than in those with DFI < or = 25%. Sperm DFI obtained from SCSA is partly correlated with sperm concentration and motility, and it is a robust predictor of the IUI outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromatin , Chromosome Structures , DNA Fragmentation , Female , Humans , Insemination , Insemination, Artificial , Methods , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Genetics , Pregnancy Rate , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Young Adult
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 20-23, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241219

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical value of artificial insemination by donor (AID).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 480 cycles of AID among 258 infertile couples, who were divided according to the women's age into a < or = 30 yr group and a > or = 31 yr group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 120 pregnancies were achieved in 480 AID cycles, with a cycle pregnancy rate of 25.00% and a cumulative pregnancy rate of 46.51%. In the natural cycles, the cycle pregnancy rate was 29.65% and the cumulative pregnancy rate was 51.00% in the < or = 30 yr group, significantly higher than 13.33% and 25.00% in the > or = 31 yr group (P < 0.05). In the ovulation induction cycles, no significant differences were found in the cycle and cumulative pregnancy rates between the two groups (24.02 and 48.86% versus 23.81 and 43.48% , P > 0.05). The cycle and cumulative pregnancy rates decreased with the increase of infertility duration and the women's age, but had no significant differences. In the first four cycles, the cycle pregnancy rates were 24.03, 24.94, 24.69 and 25.00% (P > 0.05), and the cumulative pregnancy rates were 24.03, 39.53, 45.74 and 46.51%, with significant differences between the first cycle and the other three (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ovulation induction is superior to natural cycle in AID for older women. IVF/ICSI can be resorted to only after AID has failed three or four times.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Azoospermia , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous , Male , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1072-1074, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252864

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between the percentage of polypronuclear zygotes and clinical pregnancy following IVF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected the data of 954 IVF cycles, and according the percentage of polypronuclear zygotes in the IVF cycles, allocated them to Groups A (without polypronuclear zygotes) , B (with < 30% polypronuclear zygotes) and C (with > or = 30% polypronuclear zygotes). Then we analyzed the relationship between the percentage of polypronuclear zygotes and the rate of clinical pregnancy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with Group A, Group C showed a significantly lower rate of clinical pregnancy (43.2% vs 28. 1%, P < 0.05), while Group B exhibited a markedly higher rate (43.2% vs 52.36%, P < 0.05) and obviously decreased polypronuclear zygote formation with the increase of age (35.6% vs 24.1%, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The percentage of polypronuclear zygotes in IVF cycles may serve as a prognostic indicator of the clinical outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Methods , Humans , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Zygote
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 517-522, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the in vivo effects of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2) on the main organs, particularly the reproductive system, of male mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-five male ICR mice aged 6 weeks were equally and randomly divided into 2 experimental groups and a control group, intraperitoneally injected with 200 and 500 mg/kg nanosized TiO2 and equal volume of saline, respectively, every other day for 5 times. One week after drug cessation, we obtained the coefficients of the main organs, serum biochemical parameters and the levels of gonadal hormones (T and E2), analyzed the pathological changes of the main organs by HE staining, observed sperm count, motility and abnormality under the microscope, and detected germ cell apoptosis by TUNEL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control, the low-dose (200 mg/kg) group showed no significant changes in the above parameters, while the high-dose (500 mg/kg) group exhibited a decrease in the coefficients of the liver, heart and kidneys, and a significant increase in such serum biochemical parameters as ALT, ALT/AST and BUN (P < 0.05). The high-dose group also showed significantly reduced sperm density and motility, increased sperm abnormality and germ cell apoptosis (P < 0.05), but no obvious pathological changes in the liver, kidney spleen, testis and epididymis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Low-dose nanosized TiO2 has no obvious effect on male mice, but high-dose may significantly reduce their sperm count and function and induce germ cell apoptosis, although its damage on the liver and kidney function is slight.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Nanoparticles , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Titanium , Pharmacology
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 608-611, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241292

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study whether the rates of pregnancy and implantation decline in repeated IVF/ICSI cycles and whether the decline is associated with the availability of embryo cryopreservation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the pregnancy and implantation rates of 1,033 IVF/ICSI cycles accomplished in our center to determine the association of the clinical outcomes with the availability of embryo cryopreservation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rates of pregnancy and implantation declined slightly in the cycles with embryo cryopreservation (43% vs 43%, P > 0.05; 29% vs 24% , P > 0.05), but significantly in the repeated IVF/ICSI cycles without embryo cryopreservation (43% vs 35%, 43% vs 22% , P < 0.05; 29% vs 23% , 29% vs 16% , P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rates of pregnancy and implantation remain similar in the following cycles for those with embryo cryopreservation in the first IVF/ICSI cycles, but decline significantly in the repeated IVF/ICSI cycles for those without.</p>


Subject(s)
Cryopreservation , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 494-497, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the contents of lead, cadmium, zinc and manganese in the follicular fluid and semen of infertile couples that are not professionally exposed to the four heavy metallic elements.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vitro fertilization pre-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) was carried out in wives, and follicular fluid collected after routine oocyte retrieval. Semen was obtained from husbands by masturbation. The contents of zinc in the follicular fluid and semen were determined by the flame atom absorption method and those of lead, cadmium and manganese by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average concentrations of lead, cad- mium, zinc and manganese were 151.06 microg/L, 2.02 microg/L, 0.54 mg/L and 28.54 microg/L in the follicular fluid, and 250.23 microg/L, 7.42 microg/L, 189.11 mg/L and 82.15 microg/L in the semen. The follicular fluid samples in which lead, cadmium, zinc or manganese was detected constituted 43.8% (21/48), 22.9% (11/48), 75.0% (36/48) and 50.0% (24/48), and the semen samples accounted for 70.2% (33/47), 31.9% (15/47), 100.0% (47/47) and 46.8% (22/47), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggest that the average contents of lead, cadmium, zinc and manganese are higher in the semen than in the follicular fluid in the non-professionally exposed infertile couples, and so is the percentage of the samples containing each of the elements, with the exception of manganese.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cadmium , Environmental Exposure , Female , Follicular Fluid , Chemistry , Humans , Infertility, Female , Metabolism , Pathology , Infertility, Male , Metabolism , Pathology , Lead , Male , Manganese , Metals, Heavy , Semen , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Zinc
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 836-838, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289125

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate a therapeutic method for male infertility caused by radiotherapy after surgical treatment of spermatocytoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case of azoospermia caused by radiotherapy after surgical treatment of spermatocytoma was reported and the Chinese medicine Jiaweishuiluerxiandan was used as a major therapy for 3 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patient's health condition was improved dramatically two years after being treated by the Chinese medicine but no sperm was found in his semen. However, three years after the treatment, his spermatozoon density was recovered from zero to 2.0 x 10(6)/ml with normal morphology. His sperm was subsequently used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection, which made his spouse pregnant successfully, and an healthy male infant was born by caesarean birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese medicine is a successful try at treating male infertility caused by radiotherapy after surgical treatment of spermatocytoma. For those who have failed to get their sperm frozen before surgery, Chinese medicine is a choice for remediation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Pregnancy , Radiotherapy , Seminoma , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Sperm Count , Testicular Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 895-899, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339401

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate whether or not intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can improve previous fertilization limitation on conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty-six completed cycles in 113 patients with ICSI treatment were grouped. Group 1 was 106 cycles perform ICSI because of male factor, and group 2 was other 30 cycles with the history of fertilization failure and fertilization rate < 20% on conventional IVF, also assembling the cycles in group 2 according to the fertilization rate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference between two groups in the rates of normal fertilization(70.49% vs 72.02%), good quality embryos (38.28% vs 38.81%), and clinical pregnancy (40.57% vs 40.00%) (P > 0.05). The fertilization rate of a majority of cycles (70.00%, 21/30) in group 2 was higher than 50%, and the mean of fertilization rates was 79.79%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI can improve the fertilization limitation following IVF during previous cycles, and the fertilization rates was similar to those treated ICSI because of male factor.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Fertilization , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Male , Oocytes , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 39-43, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270875

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To evaluate the fertilization competence of spermatozoa from ejaculates and testicle when the oocytes were matured in vitro following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six completed cycles in 46 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome were grouped according to the semen parameters of their male partners. Group 1 was 47 cycles that presented motile and normal morphology spermatozoa in ejaculates and Group 2 was the other nine cycles where male partners were diagnosed as obstructive azoospermia and spermatozoa could only be found in testicular tissue fragment. All female patients received minimal stimulation with gonadotropin. Immature oocytes were matured in vitro and inseminated by ICSI. The spermatozoa from testes were retrieved by testicular fine needle aspiration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 449 and 78 immature oocytes were collected and cultured for 48 hours, 75.5 % (339/449) and 84.6 % (66/78) oocytes were matured in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. The percentage of oocytes achieving normal fertilization was significantly higher in Group 1 than that in Group 2 (72.9 % vs. 54.5 %, P 0.05). There were no significant differences in the rates of oocytes cleavage and clinical pregnancies in these two groups [87.4 % (216/247) vs. 88.9 % (32/36); 21.3 % (10/47) vs. 44.4 % (4/9)]. A total of 15 babies in the two groups were healthy delivered at term.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It appears that IVM combined with ICSI using testicular spermatozoa can produce healthy infants, while the normal fertilization rate of in vitro matured oocytes after ICSI using testicular spermatozoa was significantly lower than using the ejaculated spermatozoa.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Culture Techniques , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Methods , Humans , Infertility, Female , Therapeutics , Infertility, Male , Therapeutics , Male , Oocytes , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Semen , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa , Testis , Cell Biology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685674

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)loci of interferon regulatory factor 6(IRF6)gene,transforming growth faetor-?(TGFA)gene and nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate(NSCL/P)in nuclear families consisting of fathers, mothers and affected offspring with NSCL/P from southeast China.Methods Some SNloci of IRF6 and TGFA were detected by applying microarray technology in nuclear families,and then haplotype relative risk (HRR)and transmission disequilibrium test(TDT)were performed.Results There were no significant difference in genotypes and alleles distribution between patients and their parents.The SNP locus——V274I of IRF6 was associated with NSCL/P(HRR:?~2=4.5816,P

16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 247-249, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322603

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the relationship between chromosome balanced translocation t(1;12) (q24;q24) and spermatogenesis in infertile twin brothers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For twin brothers, karotype were determined. The levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were detected. YRRM1, DAZ and DYS240 were analyzed. In younger brother a biopsy was taken from testis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chromosome analysis for both twin brothers revealed a karotype of 46, XY, t(1;12) (q24;q24). Sperm count was less than 1.0 x 10(6)/ml. There was no deletion for YRRM1, DAZ and DYS240 gene on Y chromosome. Photomicrograph of seminiferous tubules showed the arrest of spermatogenesis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chromosome balanced translocation t(1;12) (q24;q24) may be the cause of the spermatogenesis arrest in infertile twin brothers. Gene in the point of translocation may be related to spermatogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 , Diseases in Twins , Genetics , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Spermatogenesis , Genetics , Testis , Pathology , Translocation, Genetic , Genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683122

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate environmental risk factors associated with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS).Methods A retrospective study was carried out from Feb 2005 to Apr 2006.A total of 108 cases with PCOS and 108 patients without PCOS(control group)were interviewed using a designed questionnaire.Results Univariate analysis of environmental factors indicated that risk factors related to PCOS were:occupation,education,disposable plastic cup for drinking,cooking oil fume and indoor decoration,all of which were significantly related to PCOS(P

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