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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 10-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993716

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has being spreading around the world, posing a serious threat to human health and lives. Neutralizing antibodies and small molecule inhibitors for virus replication cycle are the main antiviral treatment for novel coronavirus recommended in China. To further promote the rational use of antiviral therapy in clinical practice, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine) invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory and intensive care to develop an Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( trial version 10) and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in China. The consensus is concise, practical and highly operable, hopefully it would improve the understanding of antiviral therapy for clinicians and provide suggestions for standardized medication in treatment of COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 343-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and the risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), and to guide clinical treatment. Methods:The clinical characteristics, co-infection sites, comorbidities, laboratory tests, and antimicrobial drug exposure of adult patients with CRKP BSI admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from August 2015 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with CRKP BSI. Results:Among the 106 CRKP BSI patients, 47 were in the good prognosis group and 59 were in the poor prognosis group. The length of hospital stay (39(22, 89) d vs 21(15, 38) d), the ratio of history of admission within 90 days (17.0%(8/47) vs 35.6%(21/59)), the ratio of history of carbapenems exposure (42.6%(20/47) vs 64.4%(38/59)), the ratio of complicated with lower respiratory tract infection (44.7%(21/47) vs 78.0%(46/59)), the ratio of admission to intensive care unit (34.0%(16/47) vs 81.4%(48/59)), the ratio of septic shock (19.1%(9/47) vs 69.5%(41/59)), the ratio of complicated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (10.6%(5/47) vs 74.6%(44/59)), the ratio of solid organ transplantation status (40.4%(19/47) vs 18.6%(11/59)), the ratio of surgery (51.1%(24/47) vs 32.2%(19/59)), the ratio of mechanical ventilation (23.4%(11/47) vs 74.6%(44/59)), the Pitt bacteremia scores ≥4 points (21.3%(10/47) vs 69.5%(41/59)), the quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) scores ≥2 points (14.9%(7/47) vs 81.4%(48/59)), the ratio of platelets counts<100×10 9/L (31.9%(15/47) vs 62.7%(37/59)) had statistical differences between the poor prognosis group and the good prognosis group ( Z=-3.72, χ2=4.54, 5.04, 12.46, 24.48, 26.61, 43.02, 6.12, 3.86, 27.44, 24.36, 46.29 and 9.93, respectively; all P<0.050). Multivariate analysis showed that BSI complicated with lower respiratory tract infection (odds ratio ( OR)=3.293, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.138 to 9.528, P=0.028) and MODS ( OR=21.750, 95% CI 7.079 to 66.829, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of CRKP BSI. Conclusions:Patients with CRKP BSI complicated with lower respiratory tract infection are more likely to have a poor prognosis. Timely maintenance of organ function may improve the prognosis of CRKP BSI.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1641-1644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954806

ABSTRACT

Group C Streptococcus (GCS) and Group G Streptococcus (GGS) distinctly differ from other Streptococcus in biochemical reactions, hemolytic properties, host species, and clinical characteristics.GCS and GGS are common colonizers of the skin, throat and female genitourinary tract of human body.The classification of GCS and GGS is complex and has been continuously corrected and revised over the past few decades.The outbreak of GCS and GGS infections mostly likely arises from environmental factors.GCS and GGS have similar pathogenicity, bacterial resistance characteristics, and clinical characteristics to group A Streptococcus.They can lead to various invasive infections, and Penicillin is still the first choice for their treatment currently.GCS and GGS infections are more severe than other Streptococcus infections.In this article, the classification and clinical characteristics of GCS and GGS were reviewed.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 204-208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) from 2017 to 2019.Methods:Seventy-five patients with HFRS from the Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University during January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019 were included. The data of epidemiology, clinical symptoms, blood routine, urine routine, serum creatinine, liver function and other laboratory examination indexes were retrospectively analyzed. The measurement data with skewness distribution were expressed by M( QR) and compared by nonparametric test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze disease-related risk factors. Results:The 75 patients were mainly located in the western and northern regions of Anhui Province. A total of 37 cases (49.3%) were infected during November, December and January next year. Fifty-four (72.0%) patients were farmers and 10(13.3%) patients had a clear history of rodent contact. Only 19(25.3%) patients had typical clinical manifestations of "three red and three pain" . Fifty-eight (77.3%) patients had elevated white blood cell count, 67(89.3%) patients had decreased platelet count, 55(73.3%) patients had urinary protein + + + , 65(86.7%) patients had abnormal urinary occult blood, and 67(89.3%) patients had elevated serum creatinine. The serum creatinine and potassium levels in 31 severe and critical patients were 495(301) μmol/L and 4.14(0.77) mmol/L, respectively, which were both higher than those in 44 mild and moderate patients (235(289) μmol/L and 3.65(1.02) mmol/L, respectively). The differences were both statistically significant ( Z=-3.187 and -2.796, respectively, both P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum creatinine (odds ratio ( OR)=1.005, 95% confidence interval ( CI)1.002-1.008) and serum potassium ( OR=2.632, 95% CI 1.098-6.313) were independent risk factors for disease severity. All patients received comprehensive medical treatment, and 27 patients received renal replacement therapy. Sixty-eight patients had good prognosis and four patients died. Conclusions:HFRS is still common in the rural area in winter and spring. Patients with atypical clinical manifestations and severe and critical patients should be intensively monitored.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 947-952, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the difference of immune damage between patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) and patients with tsutsugamushi disease.Methods:A prospective case-control study was conducted. Thirty-one patients with SFTS and 16 patients with tsutsugamushi disease admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from October 2014 to June 2017 were enrolled, and another 10 healthy people were enrolled as control. The counts of CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes, and the proportion of CD3 + T lymphocytes, natural kill cells (NK cells), B lymphocytes and plasma cells were detected by flow cytometry. Thirty-four inflammatory mediators were determined by a multiplex Luminex? system synchronously. The differences of lymphocytes and cytokines between the two groups were compared. Results:The proportion of CD3 + T lymphocytes, the counts of CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes in SFTS patients were significantly lower than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease ( t values were 4.860, 9.411 and 5.030, respectively, all P < 0.01), and the proportion of NK cells and B lymphocytes were significantly higher than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease ( t values were 2.344 and 5.896, respectively, both P < 0.05). The proportion of plasma cells in peripheral blood of SFTS patients was (7.7±1.2)%, the highest proportion of plasma cells in severe SFTS patients was up to 30%, and all patients showed λ monoclonal cell group in plasma cells. No plasma cells were detected in tsutsugamushi disease patients. The abnormal expressions of interleukin-1 receptor antibody (IL-1RA), interleukin (IL-6, IL-15, IL-10, IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), γ-interferon (IFN-γ), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), eosinophil chemotactic factor (Eotaxin), IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1α, MIP-1β), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB/BB), activated regulatory normal T cells and secretion factors (RANTES) were found in patients with SFTS and tsutsugamushi disease. The levels of IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-15, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, G-CSF, Eotaxin, IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1 and MIP-1α in SFTS patients were significantly higher than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease ( Z values were 2.312, 2.447, 3.660, 5.444, 1.965, 2.402, 2.402, 2.997, 3.525, 2.481, 3.817, and 2.211, respectively, all P < 0.05), while PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB/BB and RANTES were significantly lower than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease ( Z values were 3.728, 2.514, 2.649, respectively, all P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that RANTES, PDGF-AA and PDGF-AB/BB levels were significantly positively correlated with the level of platelet in patients with SFTS and tsutsugamushi disease (SFTS: r values were 0.223, 0.365, 0.330; tsutsugamushi disease: r values were 0.263, 0.632, 0.407, respectively, all P < 0.05). In SFTS patients, compared with the survival group ( n = 21), the CD3 + and CD4 + T lymphocytes in the death group ( n = 10) significantly decreased, while the plasma cells significantly increased ( t values were 3.980, 3.314 and 26.692, respectively, all P < 0.01); IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-15, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, G-CSF, Eotaxin, IL-8, IP-10, MCP-1, MIP-1α and MIP-1β significantly increased, while PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB/BB and RANTES significantly decreased ( Z values were 3.930, 4.014, 2.832, 3.592, 2.958, 3.508, 2.578, 3.254, 4.270, 3.465, 2.663, 3.085, 3.107, 3.639, 3.043 and 3.825, respectively, all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The immune function was impaired more seriously in SFTS patients than that in tsutsugamushi disease patients. Excessive humoral immunity and apoptosis of T lymphocytes are closely related to the death in SFTS patients. The detection of CD4 cells, plasma cells and proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-6, IL-10) had great clinical significance for the differentiation and illness evaluation in disease with SFTS or tsutsugamushi disease.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 521-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810759

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the improvement rate of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection who received entecavir alone or in combination with anluohuaxianwan for 78 weeks.@*Methods@#Patients with chronic HBV infection were randomly treated with entecavir alone or in combination with anluohuaxian for 78 weeks. Ishak fibrosis score was used for blind interpretation of liver biopsy specimens. The improvement in liver fibrosis condition before and after the treatment was compared. Student's t test and non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney U-Test and Kruskal-Wallis test) were used to analyze the measurement data. The categorical variables were analyzed by Chi-square test method and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient was used to test bivariate associations.@*Results@#Liver fibrosis improvement rate after 78 weeks of treatment was 36.53% (80/219) and the progression rate was 23.29% (51/219). The improvement of liver fibrosis was associated to the degree of baseline fibrosis and treatment methods (P < 0.05). The improvement rate of hepatic fibrosis in patients treated with anluohuaxianwan combined with entecavir at baseline F < 3 (54.74%, 52/95) was significantly higher than that in patients treated only with entecavir (33.33%, 16/48), P = 0.016 and the progression rate of hepatic fibrosis (13.68%, 13/95) was lower than that in patients treated alone (18.75%, 9/48), P = 0.466. In patients with baseline F < 3, the proportion of patients with improved and stable liver fibrosis in the combined treatment group (68.1%, 32/47) was higher than that in the treatment group alone (51.7%, 15/29).@*Conclusion@#Combined anluohuaxianwan and entecavir treatment can significantly improve the improvement rate of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Furthermore, it has the tendency to improve the stability rate and reduce the rate of progression of liver fibrosis.

7.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 210-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763386

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In recent years, greater assessment accuracy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to ascertain prognosis has become important in decompensated cirrhosis due to portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess the ratio of the portal pressure gradient (PPG) pre-TIPS (pre-PPG) to albumin (PPA), which influence ascites formation in cirrhotic patients in the 6-months after TIPS placement, and is a metric introduced in our study. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 58 patients with decompensated cirrhosis admitted to an academic hospital for the purpose of TIPS placement. We collected the following data: demographics, laboratory measures, and PPG during the TIPS procedure. Then we analyzed the association between the above data and ascites formation post-TIPS in cirrhosis patients. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with ascites and 28 without ascites were evaluated. Univariate and binary logistic regression analysis were adjusted for the following variables: to determine prognosis; Child-Pugh scores, lymphocyte count, platelet count, hemoglobin level, albumin level and pre-PPG or PPA. The outcome showed that PPA was better than pre-PPG and albumin for predicting ascites according to area under receiver operating characteristic curves and a statistical model that also showed PPA’s influence 6-months post-TIPS. CONCLUSIONS: The combined measurement of pre-PPG and albumin, defined as PPA, may provide a better way to predict post-TIPS ascites in decompensated cirrhosis, which underlines the need for a large clinical trial in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Cohort Studies , Demography , Fibrosis , Hypertension, Portal , Logistic Models , Lymphocyte Count , Models, Statistical , Platelet Count , Portal Pressure , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Serum Albumin
8.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 605-609, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791241

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct lentiviral vector of late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor, mitogen-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin activator 2 ( lamtor2) gene, and to explore its regulatory role on inflammatory response of macrophages after Klebsiella pneumoniae infection.Methods Two pairs of mouse lamtor2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were designed and sub-cloned into PLKO.1-puro to construct lentiviral vector, and were transfected into the murine RAW264.7 macrophage.There were two experimental groups including pLKO.1-puro shlamtor 2-1(sh1 group) and pLKO.1-puro shlamtor 2-2 (sh2 group), and the RAW264.7 cells transfected with non-treated pLKO.1-puro was set as control.The expession of lamtor2 were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction ( RT-qPCR ) and Western blot.The levels of inflammatory factors including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-αsecreted by the cells were detected by RT-qPCR.T test was used for comparison between groups.Results The recombinant lentiviral vector PLKO.1-shlamtor 2 transfected RAW264.7 cells successfully.The relative expressions of lamtor2 mRNA in the control group, the sh1 group and the sh2 group were 1.000 ±0.000, 0.596 ±0.125 and 0.120 ±0.080, respectively.The expression of lamtor2 in the sh2 group was significantly lower than that in the sh 1 group (t=3.399, P=0.015), and they were both significantly lower than the control group ( t =3.333 and 9.734, respectively, both P <0.05).After infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae, expression levels of IL-1β( t =15.20), IL-6 (t=43.30) and TNF-α(t=12.67) were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.01).Conclusion The lentiviral vector of lamtor2 can stably down-regulate the expression of lamtor2 gene in macrophages through RNA interference mechanism , which has a significant effect on the secretion of inflammatory factors of macrophages that are infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 605-609, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796336

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct lentiviral vector of late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor, mitogen-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin activator 2 (lamtor2) gene, and to explore its regulatory role on inflammatory response of macrophages after Klebsiella pneumoniae infection.@*Methods@#Two pairs of mouse lamtor2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were designed and sub-cloned into PLKO.1-puro to construct lentiviral vector, and were transfected into the murine RAW264.7 macrophage. There were two experimental groups including pLKO.1-puro shlamtor 2-1(sh1 group) and pLKO.1-puro shlamtor 2-2 (sh2 group), and the RAW264.7 cells transfected with non-treated pLKO.1-puro was set as control. The expession of lamtor2 were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot. The levels of inflammatory factors including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α secreted by the cells were detected by RT-qPCR. T test was used for comparison between groups.@*Results@#The recombinant lentiviral vector PLKO.1-shlamtor 2 transfected RAW264.7 cells successfully. The relative expressions of lamtor2 mRNA in the control group, the sh1 group and the sh2 group were 1.000±0.000, 0.596±0.125 and 0.120±0.080, respectively. The expression of lamtor2 in the sh2 group was significantly lower than that in the sh1 group (t=3.399, P=0.015), and they were both significantly lower than the control group (t=3.333 and 9.734, respectively, both P< 0.05). After infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae, expression levels of IL-1β (t=15.20), IL-6 (t=43.30) and TNF-α (t=12.67) were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The lentiviral vector of lamtor2 can stably down-regulate the expression of lamtor2 gene in macrophages through RNA interference mechanism, which has a significant effect on the secretion of inflammatory factors of macrophages that are infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae.

10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 149-154, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745022

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the target of auranofin with the antibacterial activity against gramnegative bacteria and to investigate the effect of the combination of auranofin and vorinostat on the antibacterial activity against gram-negative bacteria.Methods The strains of E.coli lacking thioredoxin reductase (TrxR)was used to find the target gene.The potential synergies of the combination of auranofin and vorinostat for E.coli strain,A.baumannii strain,P.aeruginosa strain,K.pneumonia strain and muhidrug-resistant (MDR)A.baumannii strain were evaluated using susceptibility tests,micro-dilution checkerboard tests and time-kill studies.The genes related to Trx (trxA,trxB,trxC) and the gene expressed glutathione (gor) of E.coli BW25113 strains (WT) were separately knocked out to observe the effect of auranofin on minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the time-kill kinetics of △trxC and △gor.Furthermore,the complemented strains (C-trxA,C-trxB,C-trxC,C-gor) were used to verify and define the genetic targets.Results According to the results of susceptibility tests,MICs of auranofin were 64 mg/L for E.coli strain BW25113 and K.pneumonia strain ATCC 43816,128 mg/L for P.aeruginosa strain PA14 and 32 mg/L for both A.baumannii strain ATCC 17978 and A.baumannii strain AB5075.However,MICs of vorinostat are 512 mg/L for all isolates.The fractional inhibitory concentration indexes (FICIs) of the combination of auranofin and vorinostat for E.coli strain BW25113,A.baumannii strain ATCC 17978,MDR A.baumannii strain AB5075,K.pneumonia starin ATCC 43816 and P.aeruginosa strain PAl4 were 0.313,0.375,0.375,0.375,and 0.375,respectively,with all values < 0.5,which showed synergy.In susceptibility tests of knockout strains,MICs of auranofin for △trxC increased from 64 mg/L to 256 mg/L,decreased to 16 mg/L for △gor,and no changes for △trxA and △trxB.Auranofin showed the same antibacterial activities against the complemented strains (C-trxC,C-gor) and E.col BW25113,which decreased by about 1.8 lg colong formins units (CFU)/mL of bacterial counts.However,the antibacterial activity of auranofin was significantly reduced for △trxC,and decreased by < 1 lg CFU/mL of bacterial counts.For Agor,bacterial counts decreased 4.6 lg CFU/mL,and the antibacterial activity markedly increased.Conclusions The potential target gene of auranofin against gram-negative bacteria could be trxC,which provides new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 82-87, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745016

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences of clinical manifestations and organ damage between patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome(SFTS)and patients with tsutsugamushi disease,and to investigate the prognostic factors of SFTS.Methods The research was performed on 49 patients with SFTS and 16 patients with tsutsugamushi disease who visited the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from October 2014 to June 2017.The general information of patients including region,age,gender and clinical manifestations were evaluated.Blood routine,liver and kidney function,myocardial enzyme levels,lipase,amylase,electrolytes,C-reactive protein,procalcitonin,prothrombin time(PT)and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT)were continuously monitored during the course of disease.T test was used for continuous variables of normal distribution,and non-parametric test was used for variables of non-normal distribution.Chi-square test was used for categorical variables.Results The mean age of SFTS patients was 62.1±15.5(ranging from 17 to 87 years)and the mean age of tsutsugamushi patients was 56.1±9.2(ranging from 47 to 73 years).There was no significant difference between the two groups(t=1.47,P=0.147).There were 25 males(51%)in SFTS patients and 8 males(50%)in tsutsugamushi disease patients.There was no significant difference between the two groups(x2=0.005,P=0.943).The incidences of headache,vomiting,superficial lymphadenectasis,disturbance of consciousness,proteinuria,hematuria,pulmonary infection,multiple organ dysfunction and acute pancreatitis in SFTS patients were all significantly higher than those in tsutsugamushi disease patients(x2=8.82,4.38,8.71,11.17,7.88,5.56,4.35,9.43,and 8.13,respectively,P <0.05 or 0.01).The counts of leukocytes(Z=2.73),neutrophils(Z=2.46),lymphocytes(Z=3.15),platelets(Z=4.25),albumin(Z=2.65)and sodium ion(t=2.10)in SFTS patients were all significantly lower than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease(P <0.05 or 0.01).The levels of aspartate aminotransferase(Z=2.94),lactate dehydrogenase(Z=3.42),creatine kinase(CK)(Z=2.88),amylase(Z=2.11),lipase(Z=2.82),creatinine(Z=2.07)and urea nitrogen(Z=2.50)in fatal SFTS patients were all significantly higher than those in patients with tsutsugamushi disease(P <0.05 or 0.01).Among 49 SFTS patients,16 patients died and 33 patients recovered finally.The age(t=3.33),platelet count(Z=2.55),alanine aminotransferase(ALT)(Z=2.10),aspartate aminotransferase(AST)(Z=2.22),lactate dehydrogenase(Z=2.26),CK(Z=3.50),CK-MB(Z=3.10),creatinine(Z=2.17),urea nitrogen(Z=2.36),and sodium(t=2.65)between the two subgroups had significant differences(P <0.05 or 0.01).Conclusions SFTS is more severe and has high mortality,while tsutsugamushi disease has a better prognosis.Early differential diagnosis and early rational treatment are important to reduce the mortality of patients with SFTS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 218-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806281

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiologic features of interhospital, intrahospital, interdepartmental and intradepartmental infections of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolated from clinical specimens. @*Methods@#From September 2015 to September 2016, 540 non-repetitive strains of Acinetobacter baumannii were clinically isolated from 38 tertiary hospitals in Anhui Province, of which 460 strains were confirmed by antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Anhui Province. Agar plate dilution method was used to determine the MIC of 16 antibiotics and to select 312 CRAB isolates for drug sensitivity test. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to analyze homology of 145 strains. PCR and clonal sequencing were used to determine the corresponding genotypes. @*Results@#All the 312 CRAB strains were multiple antibiotic resistant strains. The drug resistance rates to imipenem and meropenem were 67.9% and 70.6%, respectively. All the 145 strains were divided into 80 different types (PT1-PT80) by PFGE. Only one strain was found in the 60 types and two or more strains were found in the other 20 types. Genotype blaOXA-51 was detected in 145 strains (100%), genotype blaOXA-23 was detected in 134 of strains (92.41%), genotype blaOXA-24 was detected in 1 strain (0.69%), and subtype of blaIMP-4 was detected in 4 strains (2.76%). Genotype blaOXA-58, blaVIM, blaSIM, blaNDM and blaKPC were undetectable. @*Conclusions@#Homologous analysis indicates that all 145 strains of CRAB exhibit the interhospital, intrahospital, interdepartmental and intradepartmental transmission. Genotype blaOXA-51 is the inherent drug resistant associated gene in the chromosome of AB and genotype blaOXA-23 is the most common carbapenemase gene in Anhui Province and the main genotypes of resistance transmission.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 364-368, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618262

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis of bacterial liver abscess in patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus, in order to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods The clinical data of 110 patients with bacterial liver abscess at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.Among them, 45 cases with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 65 cases without type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in the study.The demographic data, clinical signs and symptoms, laboratory findings, pathogenic results, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis were compared between the two groups.Differences among the quantitative data with normal distribution were compared using t test, while count data were compared with χ2 test or Fisher exact test.Multivariate Logistic regression was used to determine the prognostic risk factors of two groups.Results Fever as initial symptom in diabetic group and non-diabetic group were 37 cases and 40 cases, respectively, while abdominal pain presented in 7 cases and 22 cases of the two groups, respectively, both with statistically significant difference (χ2=5.417 and 4.582, respectively, both P<0.05).As for laboratory examination, neutrophil counts in the two groups were (12.87±8.83)×109/L and (10.24±4.86)×109/L, respectively, the percentages of neutrophils were 0.841±0.077 and 0.799±0.103, respectively, albumin levels were (28.36±4.65) g/L and (30.67±6.16) g/L, respectively, with statistically significant difference (t=2.010, 2.317 and-2.265, respectively, all P<0.05).Patients with elevated blood urea nitrogen in the two groups were 13 cases and 8 cases, respectively, patients with elevated creatinine were 9 cases and 4 cases, respectively, with statistically significant difference (χ2=4.733 and 4.892, respectively, both P<0.05).In diabetic group, pus culture was positive in 13 out of 19 cases, and blood culture was positive in 7 out of 21 cases.In non-diabetic group, pus culture was positive in 9 out of 13 cases, and blood culture was positive in 6 out of 25 cases.The positive rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in the two groups were 37.5% (15/40) and 15.8% (6/38) , respectively, with statistically significant difference (χ2=4.669, P=0.031).The effective rates of the two groups with glycemic control were 84.4% (38/45) and 84.6% (55/65), respectively, and the mortality rates of the two groups were 2.2% (1/45) and 1.5% (1/65), respectively.Multivariate Logistic regression showed that multiple abscess (OR=34.61, 95% CI: 1.601-748.457, P=0.024) was prognostic risk factor and invasive intervention (OR=0.028, 95%CI: 0.001-0.984, P=0.049) was protective factor in the diabetes mellitus group.Hypoalbuminemia (OR=14.793, 95% CI: 1.605-136.322, P=0.017) and the history of abdominal surgery within two years (OR=7.624, 95% CI: 1.294-44.913, P=0.025) were prognostic risk factors in the non-diabetic group.Conclusions Patients with bacterial liver abscess showing symptoms of severe infection in diabetic group are more frequently than patients in non-diabetic group.Klebsiella pneumoniae infection rate is also higher in diabetic group.Patients with bacterial liver abscess and diabetes mellitus should receive antibiotic treatment combined with invasive therapy in time.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 385-389, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616031

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of colistimethate sodium (CMS) for the treatment of critical patients infected by pan-drug resistantAcinetobacter baumannii (PDR-AB) or pan-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PDR-PA).Methods 321 isolates of PDR-AB and 204 isolates of PDR-PA from critical patients admitted to 35 intensive care units (ICUs) of grade two or above were collected from the Anhui Antimicrobial Resistance Investigation Net (AHARIN) program from September 2012 to September 2015, while the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of colistin were determined by the E-test. A series of Monte Carlo simulations was performed for CMS regimens (1 MU q8h, 2 MU q8h, and 3 MU q8h, and MU meant a million of unit), and the probability of achieving a 24-hour area under the drug concentration time curve (AUC24)/MIC ratio > 60 and risk of nephrotoxicity for each dosing regimen was calculated. Each simulation was run over three CLCr ranges: 32.51%). Moreover, low value of PTA ( 89.24%) even in patients with CLCr ≥ 90-120 mL/min, and PTA was 33.68%).Conclusion Measurement of MIC, individualized CMS therapy and therapeutic drug-level monitoring should be considered to achieve the optimal drug exposure and ensure the safety of CMS.

15.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 415-419, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168475

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The emergence of fosfomycin resistance and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes is a serious threat to public health and a new challenge in shigellosis treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify fosfomycin resistance and characterize β-lactamase genes in fos-carrying isolates of Shigella flexneri from patients in China. METHODS: A total of 263 S. flexneri isolates were collected from 34 hospitals in the Anhui Province of China during September 2012-September 2015 and screened for fosA3, fosA, and fosC2 by PCR amplification and sequencing. The fos-carrying isolates were then screened for β-lactamase genes. The clonal relationships between fosA3-carrying isolates, the transmissibility of fosfomycin resistance, replicon types of plasmids carrying fosfomycin resistance genes and other associated resistance genes were investigated. RESULTS: Twenty-five of the 263 isolates (9.5%) showed resistance to fosfomycin, and 18 (6.8%) were positive for fosA3. None of the isolates was positive for fosA or fosC2. Seventeen of the isolates carrying fosA3 (94%) were CTX-M producers (seven CTX-M-55, five CTX-M-14, and five CTX-M-123), while three (16.7%) were TEM producers (TEM-1).Sixteen (88.9%) fosA3-carrying isolates exhibited multi-drug resistance. The replicon types of the 13 fosA3-carrying plasmids were IncF (n=13), IncHI2 (n=3), IncIl-Ir (n=2), and IncN (n=1). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that fosA3 could spread through plasmids in S. flexneri isolates, along with the bla(CTX-M) and bla(TEM), which facilitate its quick dispersal. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of CTX-M-123-type ESBLs in S. flexneri isolates from patients in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Dysentery, Bacillary , Fosfomycin , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Public Health , Replicon , Shigella flexneri , Shigella
16.
Acta Universitatis Medicinalis Anhui ; (6): 1480-1484, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668018

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain knowledge of microbial colonial structures and epidemic strains of clinically isolated multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Anhui in recent years.To analyze gene homologies and phylogenetic relationships of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.To provide some laboratory data for clinical antimicrobial application.Methods Eighty-seven strains of clinically isolate dmultidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii were collected in this study,and the minimal inhibitory concentrations of these strains to 11 common antimicrobials were measured by agar dilution.Evolutionary relationships between the strains were revealed with employment of multilocus sequence typing,and clustering figures were constructed with the aid of the BioNumerics software,thus enabling genotyping.Results The drug-resistance rates of 87 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii to imipenem and meropenem were 74.7% and 66.7%,respectively,while the drug-resistance rates to other antimicrobials were considerably high.All the 87 strains were sub-divided into 42 ST-types,6 of which were already involved in the database while 36 (temporarily named STnew01 ~STnew36) were newly established.Thirty-seven strains were proved dominant types and sub-listed in the ST2 category.The ST2 Acinetobacter baumannii belongs to the clone complex CC1.Conclusion All multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in research show high drug-resistance rates when treated with 11 common antimicrobials.The ST2 category is the principal epidemic clones of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Anhui province,and a highly recogonizable homology is observed between the principal epidemic strains(ST2) in Anhui and those in the world.

17.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 1152-1154, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694861

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the median effective volume (EV50) of 0.3 % ropivacaine in the old patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture undergoing ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB).Methods Thirty-nine patients,18 males and 21 females,aged 65-98 years old,ASA physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ,scheduled for femoral intertrochanteric fracture surgery were sequentially received ultrasound-guided FICB.Patients were sequentially given a pre-set volume of 0.3% ropivacaine according to our pilot study.A sign of "+" was marked if the patient was positive to FICB and totally pain-free 30 min after block,and the next patient would be assigned to a lower volume of ropivacaine.Otherwise,a sign of was marked if the patient was negative to FICB that was partially or not pain-reliefed 30 min after block,and the next patient would be assigned to a larger volume of ropivacaine.The trial was terminated when 7 inflection points appeared.The EV50 of 0.3% ropivacaine with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated according to sequential method.Results Twenty (51.3%) in a total of 39 patients received a successful ultrasound-guided FICB.The EV50 and 95 % CI of 0.3 % ropivacaine using ultrasound-guided FICB in old patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture was 25.37 ml (95%CI 22.06-29.19 ml).Conclusion The EV50 of 0.3% ropivacaine using ultrasound-guided FICB in the old patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture is 25.37 ml.

18.
Acta Universitatis Medicinalis Anhui ; (6): 1035-1038, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494864

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect and safety of the umbilical blood stem cell transplantation on patients with end-stage cirrhosis.Methods We chose 80 patients diagnosed with end-stage cirrhosis.All the re-lated contraindications were excluded .Communicated with all the patients, 50 patients chose the umbilical blood stem cell transplantation and conservative treatment , and 30 patients only chose conservative treatment .The 50 pa-tients were defined as observation group and the left were defined as control group .After transplantation, clinical symptoms and laboratory data were recorded at the 1 month, 6 month, and 12 month.Results ① 12 months after transplantation, clinical symptoms were improved in 38 cases(76%) in the observation group and that in 12 cases (40%) in the control group.② The laboratory data, including ALB, TBiL, ALT, AST, PTA were improved after transplantation in observation group (P <0.05).No significant difference was found in the control group after thera -py.③ After transplantation, the improvement of ALB, A/G, TBiL, PTA in observation group was higher than the control group(P <0.05).Conclusion After transplantation of the umbilical blood stem cell transplantation , the liver function and life quality of patients are significantly improved .This method is better than conservative treat -ment.The method is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with end -stage cirrhosis.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 211-216, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the profile and antibiotic resistance of bacteria in patients with ascites infection in intensive care unit (ICU) patients in order to provide a reference for rational clinical use of antibiotics. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted. The bacteria isolated from ascetic fluid patients admitted from January 1st, 2004 to October 31st, 2015 to ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were identified, and their susceptibility to antibiotics was analyzed. Patients, who were admitted from January 1st, 2004 to December 31st, 2009 were assigned to group A, and patients admitted afterwards were assigned to group B. Results A total of 637 specimens of ascetic fluid were examined, with 185 positive culture (29.0%) during the 12 years, and 203 strains of bacteria were found. Among them 126 strains (62.1%) of gram-negative bacteria (G-), 54 (26.6%) of gram-positive bacteria (G+) and 23 (11.3%) strains of fungi were found. Compared the result of group B with that of group A, the proportion of G- bacteria was increased [71.2% (99/139) vs. 44.2% (27/64)], and that of G+ decreased [17.3% (24/139) vs. 46.9% (30/64)] in group B. The difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 20.34, P = 0.001). The main pathogenic bacteria were G-, and Enterobacteriaceae was the most common pathogenic bacteria in intra-abdominal infection of ICU patients. The isolation rate of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae(35.7%, 10.3%) ranked in the first and third in G- bacteria, respectively. The resistant rate of Escherichia coli against penicillin and third generation cephalosporin were > 95.0% and > 73.3%, and it showed a sensitive rate of 70% to β-lactam/inhibitor, amikacin and minocycline, and a higher sensitivity to carbapenems and tigecycline (11.1%, 0). Forty-eight strains of non-fermentation bacteria were found with a rate of 23.7%. The positive rates of Acinetobacter baumannii in groups A and B were 7.8% (5/64) and 23.7% (33/139), respectively, and they ranked first among non-fermentation bacteria. Twenty strains (62.5%) multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii were found. Acinetobacter baumannii showed a resistance rate of 84.6% to cefoperazone/sulbactam, 35.3% to minocycline, and 53.3% to tigecycline. Candida albicans was the most commonly isolated fungus in intra-abdominal infections (87.5%). No strains resistant to common antifungal drugs were isolated. Conclusions G- bacteria was the main pathogen in intra-abdominal infection in patients with ascites. Non-fermenters showed an increasing trend of producing infection, and the proportion of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection increased year by year, and more attention should be taken by attending doctors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy ; (6): 443-446, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478623

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct targeted surveillance of nosocomial infections in intensive care units(ICU)to provide reference for comprehensive infection control . Methods All the 374 patients treated in ICU in 2013 were investigated by targeted surveillance methods .Results A total of 82 episodes of nosocomial infections were identified in 62 (16 .6% )of the 374 patients . The cumulative hospital stay was 2 724 days .The infection incidence per patient‐day was 22 .8‰ .The infection in ICU was primarily pneumonia (75 .6% ,including 39 ventilator‐associated pneumonia) ,bloodstream infections (including 6 central line‐associated bloodstream infections ) and catheter‐associated urinary tract infections . The incidence of ventilator‐associated pneumonia ,central line‐associated bloodstream infection and catheter‐associated urinary tract infection was 33 .3‰ ,2 .8‰ , 2 .3‰ patient‐day ,respectively .Overall ,74 strains of pathogens were isolated ,of which 93 .2% ,5 .4% and 1 .4% were gram‐negative bacilli ,gram‐positive cocci and fungi ,respectively .The top three gram‐negative bacilli were Pseudomonas aeruginosa(25 .7% ),Klebsiellapneumoniae(14 .9% ),and Acinetobacterbaumannii(10 .8% ).Conclusions Theincidenceof nosocomial infection was 16 .6 % in ICU patients ,of which device‐related infection accounted for 62 .2 % .Control of equipment‐related infections is critical for curbing the nosocomial infections in ICU . The antimicrobial regimens for ICU patients should cover gram‐negative bacilli .

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