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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 387-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920889

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the intelligent identification method for the big data of liver injury-related adverse drug reaction (ADR) based on the construction of text database. Methods With the keywords including "drug-induced liver injury" and "abnormal liver function" and a search time of January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016, 5% (4152 cases) of the case reports of liver injury-related ADR were retrieved and extracted from the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System, and then based on clinical reevaluation by physicians, these cases were classified into "negative cases", "suspected cases", and "confirmed cases". On this basis, key elements (including ADR name, biochemical parameter, and clinical symptoms) were identified. An intelligent identification method for liver injury-related ADR was established based on the correlation analysis between key elements and clinical reevaluation and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for determining cut-off values, and the method of cross validation was used to evaluate the performance of this intelligent identification method. Results The formula for the evaluation and identification of liver injury-related ADR was as follows: total score (M)=symptom score+index score+ADR name score. This formula showed the best discriminatory ability to distinguish "negative case" from "suspected case" or "confirmed case" at M=5 (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.97), with a sensitivity of 99.57% and a specificity of 84.61%, and it showed the best discriminatory ability to distinguish "confirmed case" from "suspected case" or "negative case" at M=12 (AUC=0.938), with a sensitivity of 87.93% and a specificity of 85.98%. Conclusion This method provides reference and basis for intelligent identification and evaluation of big data on liver injury-related ADR and is expected to effectively reduce the burden of manual processing of ADR big data and provide effective tools and methodological demonstration for early risk signal identification and warning of liver injury-related ADR.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 594-607, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888746

ABSTRACT

Psoraleae Fructus (PF) is a well-known traditional herbal medicine in China, and it is widely used for osteoporosis, vitiligo, and other diseases in clinical settings. However, liver injury caused by PF and its preparations has been frequently reported in recent years. Our previous studies have demonstrated that PF could cause idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI), but the mechanism underlying its hepatotoxicity remains unclear. This paper reports that bavachin isolated from PF enhances the specific stimuli-induced activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and leads to hepatotoxicity. Bavachin boosts the secretion of IL-1β and caspase-1 caused by ATP or nigericin but not those induced by poly(I:C), monosodium urate crystal, or intracellular lipopolysaccharide. Bavachin does not affect AIM2 or NLRC4 inflammasome activation. Mechanistically, bavachin specifically increases the production of nigericin-induced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species among the most important upstream events in the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Bavachin increases the levels of aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase in serum and hepatocyte injury accompanied by the secretion of IL-1β via a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide-mediated susceptibility to IDILI. These results suggest that bavachin specifically enhances the ATP- or nigericin-induced activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Bavachin also potentially contributes to PF-induced idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity. Moreover, bavachin and PF should be evaded among patients with diseases linked to the ATP- or nigericin-mediated activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, which may be a dangerous factor for liver injury.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Flavonoids , Humans , Inflammasomes , Mice , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Nigericin
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 734-744, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774947

ABSTRACT

Aberrant activation of NLRP3 inflammasome has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diverse inflammation-related diseases, and pharmacological molecules targeting NLRP3 inflammasome are of considerable value to identifying potential therapeutic interventions. Cardamonin (CDN), the major active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb , has exerted an excellent anti-inflammatory activity, but the mechanism underlying this role is not fully understood. Here, we show that CDN blocks canonical and noncanonical NLRP3 inflammasome activation triggered by multiple stimuli. Moreover, the suppression of CDN on inflammasome activation is specific to NLRP3, not to NLRC4 or AIM2 inflammasome. Besides, the inhibitory effect is not dependent on the expression of NF-B-mediated inflammasome precursor proteins. We also demonstrate that CDN suppresses the NLRP3 inflammasome through blocking ASC oligomerization and speckle formation in a dose-dependent manner. Importantly, CDN improves the survival of mice suffering from lethal septic shock and attenuates IL-1 production induced by LPS , which is shown to be NLRP3 dependent. In conclusion, our results identify CDN as a broad-spectrum and specific inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome and a candidate therapeutic drug for treating NLRP3 inflammasome-driven diseases.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 133-139,140, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606236

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Liu weiwuling Tablets (LW-WL)in concanavalin A (ConA)induced acute immu-nological liver injury in mice.Methods Mice were randomly divided into control,model,Bicyclol,LW-WL low dose (8 g·kg-1 )and LWWL high dose (16 g ·kg-1 )group.The medicattion was performed once daily for seven consecutive days,then the model of im-munological liver injury was prepared by intravenous injection of ConA (15mg·kg-1)in the tail of mice in each group except for the control group one hour after the last treatment.The pathological changes of liver tissues of mice were evaluated by HE staining with, and the levels of alanine amino transferase (ALT),as-partate aminotransferase (AST),and total bilirubin (TBIL)in serum were analyzed by colorimetric meth-od;the level of interleukin 12 (IL-12 ),interferon-γ(IFN-γ),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interleu-kin 4 (IL-4)and interleukin 10 (IL-10)in liver was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR);the changes of Th1 (IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-4)cells were observed by flow cytometric (FCM)analysis;the expression of Th1/Th2 transcrip-tion factor T-bet/GATA-3 in liver tissue was detected by Western blot.Results Compared with normal con-trol group,the serum ALT,AST and TBIL were signif-icantly increased in model group, the pathological damage of the liver tissue was severe,and the necrosis and apoptosis of hepatic cells were large, which showed that the model was successful .Compared with model group,both low and high dose of LWWL could significantly reduce ALT,AST,TBIL levels in serum induced by ConA;Th1 cells in the spleen decreased, while Th2 cells increased;the expressions of IL-12, IFN-γand TNF-αmRNA were significantly inhibited with IL-4 and IL-10 mRNA expression elevated in mouse liver tissue;the expression of GATA-3 protein was up-regulated,T-bet protein expression showing no significant changes.Conclusion LWWL could regu-late Th1/Th2 balance,thus inhibiting the acute immu-nity hepatic injury induced by ConA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673072

ABSTRACT

Multi-Efficacy of One Drug (MEOD) refers to the traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) with diverse efficacies.MEOD,one of the important characteristics of TCM,is regarded as the basis of clinical rational drug use.However,there have been few reports on the MEOD research so far.In this paper,with rhubarb selected as a typical model drug,metabolomics and network pharmacology analysis are integrated to investigate the mechanisms of MEOD with the employment of the two animal models of constipation and jaundice.Then,the biological target network of MEOD is established for promoting the precision of the quality control and clinical use of TCM.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695955

ABSTRACT

Precision medicine has become an important trend in the development of international biomedicine.To some extent,traditional Chinese medicine (TCM),characterized by individual diagnosis and treatment,is the pioneer of precision medicine.Taking "Precision R & D,Precision Quality Control and Precision Medicine" as the core and target,precision medicine oriented drug research will be a great challenge for the modernization and development of TCM in the future,which is better meet the major concerns and needs in improving quality and performance of clinical treatment and TCM industry.Among them,precise clinical positioning oriented new drug innovation is the key of TCM R & D.Biological assay related to clinical efficiency is the core of precision quality control of TCM.Safety evaluation associated with clinical syndrome is the focus of TCM-based precision medicine.This article is a summary of our views and experiences in precision R & D and precision quality control as a reference.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 311-318, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256753

ABSTRACT

Although oxymatrine (OMT) has been shown to directly inhibit the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV), limited research has been done with this drug. In the present study, the antiviral effect of OMT was investigated in an immunocompetent mouse model of chronic HBV infection. The infection was achieved by tail vein injection of a large volume of DNA solution. OMT (2.2, 6.7 and 20 mg/kg) was administered by daily intraperitoneal injection for 6 weeks. The efficacy of OMT was evaluated by the levels of HBV DNA, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg). The immunoregulatory activity of OMT was evaluated by serum ELISA and flow cytometry. Results shows that OMT at 20 mg/kg inhibited HBV replication, and it was more efficient than entecavir (ETV) in the elimination of serum HBsAg and intrahepatic HBcAg. In addition, OMT accelerated the production of interferon-(IFN-) in a dose-dependent manner in CD4T cells. Our findings demonstrate the beneficial effects of OMT on the enhancement of immunological function and in the control of HBV antigens. The findings suggest this drug to be a good antiviral therapeutic candidate for the treatment of HBV infection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498428

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofTripterygium Wilfordii Hook. F. andTripterygium Hypoglaucum (Lévl.) Hutch on macrophage inflammatory factor, and to provide the oretical basis and experimental basis for the clinical application of these drugs.Methods Two batches ofTripterygium Wilfordii Hook. F. andTripterygium Hypoglaucum (Lévl.) Hutch were collected, and then the samples turned into alcohol extract by extraction and isolation. The IC50values of alcohol extracts were measured by MTT in BMDM cell. BMDM cell induced by the 4 batches of samples with IC50, then IL-6, IL-10, iNOS were detected by Elisa. Results The content of IL-6 (5.08 ± 0.96 pg/ml, 6.24 ± 0.20 pg/mlvs. 7.92 ± 0.84 pg/ml) and iNOS (0.14 ± 0.04 ng/ml, 0.36 ± 0.11 ng/mlvs. 0.86 ± 0.13 ng/ml) in Anhui and Guizhou groups were significantly lower than sulfasalazine (P<0.05), and the content of IL-10 (21.20 ± 4.24 pg/ml, 26.49 ± 4.44 pg/mlvs. 9.06 ± 0.40 pg/ml) in Anhui and Guizhou groups were significantly higher than sulfasalazine (P<0.05). The content of IL-6 (4.22 ± 0.38 pg/ml, 4.55 ± 0.44 pg/mlvs. 7.92 ± 0.84 pg/ml) and iNOS (0.07 ± 0.04 ng/ml, 0.28 ± 0.10 ng/mlvs. 0.86 ± 0.13 ng/ml) in Hunan and Zhejiang groups were significantly lower than sulfasalazine (P<0.05) .Conclusion The anti-inflammatory effect ofTripterygium WilfordiiHook. F. treat rheumatoid arthritis is better than sulfasalazine andTripterygium Hypoglaucum (Lévl.) Hutch.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492819

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of melatonin on osteoblast proliferation and osteogenic poten-tial in vitro cultured.Methods In vitro cultured human osteoblasts by different concentrations of melatonin (0, 1.0E -7,1.0E -6,1.0E -5,1.0E -4,1.0E -3mol/L)intervention 24 h,48 h,72 h,96 h.MTT assay was meas-ured by changes in cell proliferation,intervention in 96 hours,melatonin was measured by RT -PCR in cells OPG, RANK,RANKL influence,PTHLH mRNA expression.Results Compared with other groups,OD490 of the control group had statistical significance(all P <0.05).Compared with the control group,there were statistically significant differences in the ratio of OPG/RANKL of the dosing groups(all P <0.05).Conclusion Melatonin can promote the growth of bone into the cells and inhibit the action of bone cells into bone.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 116-21, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505100

ABSTRACT

Decoction is one of the most commonly used dosage forms of traditional Chinese medicine. The stability of chemical constituents in decoction is closely related to the clinical efficacy and safety. There were few reports about the influence of metal ions in the stability of chemical constituents in traditional Chinese medicine. However, there is no evidence that metal ions in decoction water need to be controlled. In this study, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG), one of the main constituents in Polygoni Multiflori Radix was studied. Ordinary tap water, deionized water, and water containing different metal ions were used to investigate and compare the influence on THSG. The results showed that after storage in a dark place at the room temperature for 10 days, the degradation of THSG was 7% in deionized water, while undetectable in tap water. The content of THSG could be decreased by different kinds of metal ions, and the effect was concentration-dependent. Moreover, Fe3+ and Fe2+ showed the greatest influence at the same concentration; and our study has shown that THSG decreased more than 98% in Fe and Fe2+ solutions at 500 ppm concentration. In the same time we found out p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (molecular weight: 122.036 7) and 2,3,5-trihydroxybenzaldehyde-2-O-glycoside (molecular weight: 316.079 4) were the main degradation products of THSG in tap water and water containing Cu2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, Mg2+ and Al3+. The product of THSG dimer with a water molecule was found in water containing Fe3+ and Fe2+. The above results showed that the metal ions in water could significantly influence the stability of THSG in water, indicating that the clinical efficacy and safety of decoction would be affected if the metal ions in water were not under control. It's suggested that deionized water should be used in the preparation of decoction containing Polygoni Multiflori Radix in the clinic to avoid degradation of THSG. Meanwhile, decoction prepared by tap water should be taken by patients in a short time. Our investigation provides important information and reference about the influence of metal ions on the stability of decoctions in other traditional Chinese medicine that have unstable groups such as hydroxyls and unsaturated bonds, etc.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 973-9, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483404

ABSTRACT

The dosage-efficacy/toxicity relationship of the 50% alcohol extracts of Polygonum multiflorum was comparatively investigated on either normal or CCl4-induced chronic liver injury rats, by determining the general condition, serum biochemical indices and liver histopathology, coupled with the factor analysis. The dosages were 10 and 20 g raw materials per kg body weight. Compared with the normal control group, the normal high dose group showed significant increases of the serum alanine transaminase (ALT), total bilirubin (TBIL), high mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), as well the frequent incidences of inflammatory cell infiltration, hepatic sinus enlargement and fiber stripes formation in histopathological sections. Compared with the model control group, the model low dose group showed significant declines of serum ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST) and total bile acid (TBA) (P < 0.05), as well the alleviation of vacuoles of hepatocytes, but no amelioration of the inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrous tissue hyperplasia; moreover, the model high dose group showed significant degeneration declines of serum HMGB-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1β (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), as well the evident alleviation of vacuoles degeneration of hepatocytes, inflammatory cells infiltration and fibrosis degree. The factor analysis showed that the low dosage treatment had almost neither injuring effect on the normal rats nor protective effect on the model rats; while the high dosage treatment showed observable injuring effect on the normal rats, expressed by the significant increases of the factor-1 (HMGB-1, TNF-α and IL-1β as the main contributors) and factor-2 (TBIL, ALT and TBA as the main contributors) relative to the normal control group. The liver protective effect of the high dosage treatment could be observed with the significant reduction of the factor-1, indicating the effective alleviation of the expression of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, it could illustrated the phenomenon of symptom-based prescription theory of Polygonum multiflorum on rat livers: the high dosage of the herb had either an injuring effect on normal rats, or a therapeutic effect on the rats with chronic liver injury.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482187

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of different regions of tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch on macrophage inflammatory factor, and to providetheoretical basis and experimental basis for the clinical application of tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch. Methods 5 batches of tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch were collected, then the samples turned into alcohol extract by extraction and isolation. The IC50 values of alcohol extracts were measured by MTT in BMDM cell. B MDM cell were induced by the 5 batches of samples with IC50, then IL-6, IL-10, iNOS were detected by Elisa. The efficacy of different regions of tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch on macrophage inflammatory factor was evaluated by comparison with sulfasalazine. Results The content of IL-6 (4.22 ± 0.38 pg/ml, 4.55 ± 0.44 pg/ml vs.7.92 ± 0.84 pg/ml) and iNOS (0.07 ± 0.04 ng/ml, 0.28 ± 0.10 ng/ml vs. 0.86 ± 0.13 ng/ml) in HuNan and ZheJiang groups were significantly lower than sulfasalazine (P<0.05), and the content of IL-10 (19.34 ± 6.06 pg/ml, 24.34 ± 3.03 pg/ml vs. 9.06 ± 0.40 pg/ml) in Guizhou and Fujian groups were higher than sulfasalazine (P<0.05). Conclusion The anti-inflammatory effect of HuNan and ZheJiang's tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch treat rheumatoid arthritis is better than sulfasalazine, so theyaregenuine regional drug in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Additional research will analyze associations between tripterygium hypoglaucum (Lévl.) hutch and rheumatoid arthritis.

14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 223-225, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of different decoction containers on the chemical components in Fufang Baidu decoctions to provide scientific evidence for the establishment of rational decoction method for traditional Chinese medicine decoctions. Methods:The method of UPLC was adopted to study the influence of different decoction containers on the content of astilbin, forsytho-side A and forsythoside in Fufang Baidu decoctions. Results:With the different containers, the content change regularity was as fol-lows:porcelain pot >stainless steel pot> decocting machine of Chinese herbs> earthen pot> glass pot. Conclusion:Decocting ma-chine for Chinese herbs can be an substitute for traditional boiling utensils.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 28-33, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457207

ABSTRACT

The liver injury induced by Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM) was investigated based on idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity model co-treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at a non-hepatotoxic dose. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were intragastrically administered with three doses (18.9, 37.8, 75.6 g crude drug per kg body weight) of 50% alcohol extracts of PM alone or co-treated with non-toxic dose of LPS (2.8 mg·kg(-1)) via tail vein injection. The plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities were assayed and the isolated livers were evaluated for histopathological changes. The dose-toxicity relationships of single treatment of PM or co-treatment of LPS were investigated comparatively to elucidate the idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity of PM. The results showed that no significant alterations of plasma ALT and AST activities were observed in the groups of solo-administration of LPS (2.8 mg·kg(-1), i.v.) or different dosage (18.9, 37.8 and 75.6 g·kg(-1), i.g.) of PM, compared to normal control group (P > 0.05); while significant elevations were observed in the co-administration groups of PM and LPS. Treatment with LPS alone caused slight infiltration of inflammatory cells in portal area but no evident hepatocytes injury. Co-treatment with LPS and PM (75.6 g·kg(-1), i.g.) caused hepatocyte focal necrosis, loss of central vein intima and a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration in portal areas. When further reduce the dosage of PM, significant increases of plasma ALT and AST activities (P < 0.05) were still observed in co-administration groups of LPS and PM (1.08 or 2.16 g·kg(-1)), but not in LPS or PM solo-administration groups. Nevertheless, the co-treatment of low dosage of PM (0.54 g·kg(-1)) with LPS did not induce any alteration of plasma ALT and AST. In conclusion, intragastric administration with 75.6 g·kg(-1) of PM did not induce liver injury in normal rats model; while the 2 folds of clinical equivalent dose of PM (1.08 g·kg(-1)) could result in liver injury in the LPS-based idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity model, which could be used to evaluate the idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity of PM.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446450

ABSTRACT

Biological evaluation is a critical approach by which the quality standardization of traditional Chinese medicines can be linked to the clinical efficacy and safety, which has become an important aspect in the develop-ment of quality standardization of Chinese medicines. In this article, the necessity and feasibility of the biological e-valuation research were analyzed. Further, the main progress achieved as well as the major problems about the re-search and applications of the biological evaluation of traditional Chinese medicines were discussed, to bring forward a point for consideration or discussion.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 286-90, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445533

ABSTRACT

In this study, we explored the rationality of processing methods and mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix (Fuzi) through comparing the chemical contents of diester alkaloids (DAs) and monoester alkaloids (MAs) in the raw material of Fuzi and its processed products. The results showed that the toxicity potency of MAs is at least lower than 1/64 to 1/180 of the toxicity potency of DAs. The contents of DAs in processed Fuzi decreased to 1/76.5 to 1/38.3 of the value of raw Fuzi. The contents of MAs in processed Fuzi significantly increased by 4.6 to 5.2 fold or basically the same as that of the raw Fuzi. The values of MAs/DAs of processed Fuzi were enhanced by 30 to 390 fold of the raw Fuzi. It was found that the contents of DAs were insignificantly different between "Wu dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying without Danba) and "Dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying with Danba). The result suggested that the abilities of "eliminating toxicity" of different processing methods were equivalent at all. In contrast, the contents of MAs contained in "Wu dan fu pian" were of 5.3 to 8.7 fold higher than the values in "Dan fu pian". This result suggested the processing method by steaming or stir-frying without Danba might have better effect for "conserving property" than the method processed with Danba stipulated by China Pharmacopoeia. We believe that the new processing method without Danba can be recommended in further application due to it offers a simple procedure and it will not introduce inorganic impurities in the products.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288672

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the influence of compatibility of rhubarb with different traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) on extracted quantities of AQs, and to provide scientific basis for the clinical code for rhubarb preparation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The influence of compatibility of rhubarb with different traditional Chinese medicines (saponin, alkaloids, flavonoids TCMs, animal medicines and mineral medicines) on decocting volume of anthraquinone substance was detected using ultra performance liquid chromatography.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In comparable conditions, more AQs were extracted from mixed decoction of rhubarb and saponin medicinal materials (Astragali Radix, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Polygalae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma) than single decocting of rhubarb. The mixed decoction of rhubarb and alkaloid medicinal materials (Coptidis Rhizoma, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, Prepared Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Aconiti Lateralis Radix) caused a remarkable decrease in extracted quantities of AQs. And the mixed decoction of rhubarb and mineral medicines (Natrii Sulfas, Gypsum Fibrosum, Ostreae Concha, Alumen) also resulted in less extracted quantities of AQs to varying degrees. Besides, more rhubarb AQs were extracted from mixed decoction with Curcuma than single decoction. But less rhubarb AQs were observed in mixed decoction with Lonicerae Flos, Rehmanniae, Artemisiae Herb and Forsythiae Fructus than single decoction to varying degrees. In the study, the maximum extracted quantities of AQs is 2. 3-fold higher than the minimum, the largest difference existed in the extracted quantity of physcion which was 13.5 times.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In compatibility between rhubarb and different TMCs, mixed decoction and single decoction show different influences on extracted quantity of rhubarb AQs. It is proved that more AQs may be extracted from mixed decoction between rhubarb and saponin medicinal materials, whereas less AQs may be observed in mixed decoction between rhubarb and alkaloid medicinal materials.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Animals , Anthraquinones , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Compounding , Methods , Reference Standards , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Rheum , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274355

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the difference on purgative biopotency of different processed products of rhubarb and compare rhubarb before and after preparation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The prime biopotency of rhubarb reference substance was determined by comparing with the control substance of sennoside B using rat purgative model. Comparing with calibrated rhubarb reference substance, the bioactivity different processed products of rhubarb was determined by the 2,2',2" method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The purgative biopotency of crude rhubarb was 825.22 U x g(-1). The purgative biopotency of alcohol-processed rhubarb was 699.05 U x g(-1), The purgative biopotency of steamed rhubarb were 459.76 U x g(-1). Carbonized rhubarb cannot be determinate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Crude rhubarb showed a significantly declineing purgative biopotency after being processed, alcohol-processed rhubarb showed less than crude rhubarb and followed by steamed rhubarb. Carbonized rhubarb lost almost all purgative bioactivity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cathartics , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rheum , Chemistry , Senna Extract , Pharmacology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266985

ABSTRACT

There exists numerous indices for quality evaluation and control in Chinese medicinal materials. However, most of these indices are qualitative and non-interrelated each other, as well as having little relationship with safety and efficiency. In this article, we first establish a comprehensive evaluating index--Dao-Di index (DDI) based on five factors: relative history of producing areas, ecological suitability of producing areas, commercial specification and grade, golden rate of main components, and biopotency/ toxic potency. This DDI can be used to guarantee the quality of Chinese medicinal materials more comprehensively, objectively and effectively, promoting the integration of 'species-quality-property-effect-usage', and it will provide significant references and revelation for taking a world leading role of quality control standard for tranditional medicines.


Subject(s)
Fraud , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Quality Control
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