Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 683-690, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987119


Objective To investigate the attitudes and influencing factors of transplantation-related populations towards kidney xenotransplantation. Methods From June 2022 to January 2023, stratified random sampling was performed from patients awaiting kidney transplantation, patients after kidney transplantation, patients' relatives and medical students. Four hundred subjects were collected from each population and 1600 subjects were investigated using a self-designed questionnaire. Baseline data of the respondents, their attitudes towards kidney xenotransplantation and the reasons of rejecting kidney xenotransplantation were analyzed. The influencing factors of attitudes towards kidney xenotransplantation were also identified. Results A total of 1 493 valid questionnaires were collected, and the questionnaire retrieval rate was 93.31%. About 93.10% of the respondents accepted allogeneic kidney transplantation, and 66.78% had heard of kidney xenotransplantation. Seven hundred and ninety-five respondents suggested that they could accept kidney xenotransplantation "when kidney xenotransplantation and allogeneic kidney transplantation yielded the same results and risks". Six hundred and ninety-eight respondents indicated that they were "unable" or "uncertain" whether they could accept kidney xenotransplantation (χ2=16.409,P=0.001). Among these 698 respondents, the proportion of them who were willing to accept kidney xenotransplantation when they did not meet the conditions of allogeneic kidney transplantation was 10.9%. About 35.8% of respondents were willing to accept kidney xenotransplantation if it yielded less risk and better prognosis compared with allogeneic kidney transplantation. If the time of awaiting kidney xenotransplantation was shorter than that of allogeneic kidney transplantation, 21.2% were willing to accept kidney xenotransplantation. If the cost of kidney xenotransplantation was less than that of allogeneic kidney transplantation, 24.5% of them were willing to accept kidney xenotransplantation. The main reasons of rejecting kidney xenotransplantation included surgical risk and other unknown risks. Multivariate analysis showed that respondents residing in cities and towns for a long period of time, those who accept allogeneic kidney transplantation and those who have heard of kidney xenotransplantation showed more positive attitudes towards kidney xenotransplantation. Conclusions Different transplantation-related populations have different attitudes towards kidney xenotransplantation, and the overall attitudes are positive. Active promotion of kidney xenotransplantation research and carrying out relevant popular science education contribute to improving public attitudes towards the acceptance of kidney xenotransplantation.

Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 269-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994664


Objective:To explore the risk factors affecting the incidence of acute kidney injury(AKI)after liver transplantation(LT).Methods:From November 2019 to November 2022, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 105 recipients of classic orthotopic LT.There are 89 males and 16 females with an age range of(50.52±10.35)years.They are assigned into two groups of AKI(66 cases)and non-AKI(39 cases)according to the AKI diagnostic and staging criteria of Global Kidney Disease Prognosis Organization in 2012.General profiles and clinical data(e.g.previous medical history, MELD score, total bilirubin, albumin, serum creatinine level, coagulation function, anhepatic phase and time to surgery)of two groups of recipients are compared.The factors with statistically significant differences are included into multivariate Logistic regression analysis for obtaining independent risk factors for early AKI post-LT.Results:Among them, 66 patients developed AKI within 7 days post-operation with an incidence rate of 62.86%(66/105).The clinical stages of AKI are Ⅰ(46 cases, 69.70%), Ⅱ(10 cases, 15.15%)and Ⅲ(10 cases, 15.15%).Statistically significant inter-group differences exists in age, abdominal surgery history, preoperative serum level of creatinine, operative duration, anhepatic phase and intraoperative plasma transfusion(all P<0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that abdominal surgery history( OR=5.803, 95% CI: 1.008~33.401, P=0.049), anhepatic phase( OR=1.054, 95% CI: 1.008~1.101, P=0.020)and preoperative serum level of creatinine( OR=0.968, 95% CI: 0.943~0.994, P=0.016)are independent risk factors for early AKI after classical orthotopic LT recipients. Conclusions:Abdominal surgery history, anhepatic phase, and preoperative serum level of creatinine are independent risk factors for early AKI in classic orthotopic LT recipients.

Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 221-225, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513622


Objective To investigate antibiotics resistant characteristics and carbapenemases genotype of Acinetobacter baumannii in Intensive Care Unit (ICU),so as to provide theoretical basis for clinical prevention and treatment.Methods Retrospective study was made on 90 non-duplicated clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii,which were collected From January 2013 to January 2014 in three tertiary hospitals of Qingdao.All strains were identified by VITEK2 automated microbiology analyzer;K-B method was used to do drug susceptibility test;polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the OXA-23,OXA-24,OXA-51,OXA-58,KPC-2,VIM,IMP genes,and the positive products of genes were sequenced;the chi-square test was used to compare the difference of the resistance rates.Results The detection rate of multi-drug resistant A.baumannii (MDRAB)and Pan-drug resistant A.baumannii (PDRAB)was 61.11% (55/90) and 17.78% (16/90).In the 32 strains of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii,the resistant rates to Cefoperazone/sulbactam,Polymyxin B was lower,while the resistant rates to other drugs tested were more than 85%.The difference of the resistance rates to 9 drugs between imipenem resistant group and Imipenem sensitive group were statistically significant (P≤0.05).PCR result showed: 32 strains detected OXA-51 gene,28 strains detected OXA-23 gene,and 3 strains detected VIM gene,the detection rates of which were 100%,87.50% and 9.38% respectively.All strains were not detected OXA-24,OXA-58,KPC-2 and IMP genes.The sequenced results were absolutely homology with the corresponding genes in genbank.Conclusions The resistance of A.baumannii in ICU is serious in this region,especially imipenem-resistant A.baumannii,which were nearly no-sensitive to most of the drugs commonly used in clinical.The gene existence of carbapenemase and carbapenemase producing is one of the main resistance mechanism of Acinetobacter baumannii to carbapenem antibiotics.OXA-23 was the major genotypes in this region.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 4327-4330, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501131


OBJECTIVE:To investigate the improvement of the optimization of Hospital information system(HIS)for the hos-pital pharmacy. METHODS:Based on management practive of the hospital and relative national requirements,the improvement and optimization of HIS function was achieved by pharmacists and software engineers. The effects of its optimization on pharmaceu-tical care were also introduced,involving hospital drug supply,pharmaceutical administration and monitoring of rational drug use. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:HIS has new functions,such as web query of secondary drug inventory,electronic management of narcotic and psychotropic drugs,electronic prescription comments,color code for TCM incompatibility management,antibiotics re-porting,etc. Compared with previous system,optimized system is more perfect in terms of full inventory tracking,web query of the drug batch number,web query of supply information,electronic management of purchasing invoice,prescription comments and monitoring of rational drug use. It decreases workload of pharmacist greatly,and increases work efficiency and accuracy. Continu-ous optimization of HIS can improve pharmaceutical care,and play an importance role on the safety,rationality and effectiveness of drug use in patients.