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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932349


Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicular fractures.Methods:A total of 64 patients with Neer Ⅱb clavicular fracture were treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Nanjing Medical University from September 2016 to June 2019. They were 35 males and 29 females, aged from 19 to 68 years (average, 50.7 years). They were assigned into 2 groups according to their operative methods: a reconstruction group of 30 cases undergoing coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction and a hook plate group of 34 cases undergoing fixation with a clavicular hook plate. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, surgical incision length, postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores at 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, and postoperative complications.Results:There was no significant difference in general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). Operations were completed uneventfully and surgical incisions healed by primary intention in both groups after operation. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 14.6 months). The operation time [(74.6±22.0) min] and incision length [(10.4±0.4) cm] were significantly shorter but the intraoperative blood loss [(90.2±5.3) mL] was significantly less in the hook plate group than those in the reconstruction group [(95.6±20.8) min, (12.4±0.9) cm and (74.2±3.5) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). At 3, 6 and 12 months after operation, the VAS scores (1.8±0.5, 1.2±0.3 and 1.1±0.2) and Constant-Murley scores (85.2±4.6, 91.1±2.6 and 92.1±2.2) in the reconstruction group were significantly better than those in the hook plate group (3.2±1.0, 1.6±0.3 and 1.5±0.3; 73.6±2.9, 85.9±4.6 and 87.0±3.1) ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the postoperative coracoclavicular separation ratio (elevation) in the hook plate group (0.20±0.16) was significantly greater than that in the reconstruction group (0.10±0.05) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Neer ⅡB distal clavicular fractures, coracoclavicular ligament anatomical reconstruction may lead to better fixation and fewer postoperative complications than a clavicular hook plate, demonstrating fine clinical efficacy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867957


Objective:To conduct an MRI observation on the incidences of ligamentous injuries and fracture morphology in Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture (TPF) and investigate their influence on knee stability.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 30 patients with Schatzker type Ⅳ TPF who had undergone surgery at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital from January 2010 to December 2019 and whose preoperative X-ray, CT and MRI were available. They were 18 males and 12 females, aged from 22 to 75 years (mean, 45.4 years). They were divided into a dislocation-free group and a dislocation group according to the absence or presence of knee dislocation on their anteroposterior X-ray films. The fracture morphology was assessed on CT according to the modified three-column classification. The incidences of ligamentous injuries [involving anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterolateral complex (PLC) and anterolateral ligament (ALL)] were investigated on MRI. The 2 groups were compared in fracture morphology and incidences of ligamentous injuries. Multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis was used to identify the main factor contributing to preoperative knee dislocation.Results:The dislocation group had 12 patients and the dislocation-free group 18. The fracture involving medial+posteromedial+posterolateral columns was found in 66.7% of the patients (20 cases), and accounted for 83.3% (10 cases) in the dislocation group. The incidence was 96.7% (29 cases) for ACL injury, 43.3% (13 cases) for PCL injury, 70.0% (21 cases) for MCL injury, 90% (27 cases) for PLC injury, 73.3% (22 cases) for ALL injury and 90% (27 cases) for the multiple-ligament disruption. There was a significant difference in the posterolateral column injury between the dislocation-free group [55.6% (10/18)] and the dislocation group [91.7% (11/12)] ( P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences between the 2 group in the injury to any other single ligament or multiple ligaments ( P>0.05). The MLR analysis confirmed that the posterolateral column injury was a risk factor for coronary plane dislocation in Schatzker type Ⅳ TPF( P<0.05). Conclusions:In Schatzker type Ⅳ TPF, the incidences of ligamentous injuries are very high but the fracture of posterolateral column may be the main cause for preoperative knee dislocation in some patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734200


Objective To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of truly anatomic reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament with two Endobutton devices for acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation of Rock-wood type Ⅴ.Methods From May 2013 to October 2015,25 patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation of Rockwood type Ⅴ underwent truly anatomic reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament using two Endobutton devices.They were 15 men and 10 women,from 18 to 67 years of age (mean,43.0 years).All the dislocations were unilateral,involving 14 left and 11 right sides.The visual analog scale (VAS) and the Constant scoring were used at 3,6,12,18 and 24 months postoperatively for assessments of pain and shoulder function.The coracoclavicular distances on the healthy and affected sides were measured on their anteroposterior X-ray films of bilateral shoulders.Results The 25 patients were followed up for 24 to 48 months (mean,34.0 months).Their VAS score were decreased significantly from preoperative 5.0 ± 0.9 points to 0 ±0.5 points at 24 months after surgery,their Constant score increased significantly from preoperative 45.0 ± 5.6 points to 95.0 ± 2.9 points at 24 months after surgery,and their coracoclavicular distances at the affected side restored significantly from preoperative 23.0± 5.4 mm to 8.0 ± 0.9 mm at 24 months after surgery (all P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the coracoclavicular distance between the affected and the healthy sides at 24 months after surgery (P > 0.05).No serious complications like acromioclavicular joint re-dislocation or clavicular condylar fracture occurred in any patient.Conclusions Truly anatomic double Endobutton reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligament is a safe,reliable and creative surgical technique that may yield good to excellent clinical and radiological outcomes in the treatment of acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation of Rockwood type Ⅴ.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505995


Dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint is a common injury seen by surgeons.Although many orthopaedic surgeons hold that injuries of Rockwood types Ⅰ and Ⅱ are usually treated nonoperatively and injuries of types Ⅳ to Ⅵ surgically,there is no consensus with regard to the treatment of type]Ⅲ injuries.There are mainly 2 disputes in the management of AC joint dislocations of Rockwood type Ⅲ concerning operative versus nonoperative treatments and different operative techniques.In this paper,we will outline the current progress in the management of acromioclavicular joint dislocation of Rockwood type Ⅲ.

Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 63-65, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511965


Objective To explore the effect of the self-made pelvic bag on patients with unstable pelvic fracture.Methods Toally 24 patients with unstable pelvic fracture from January 2013 to June 2014 were set as control group and used conventional nursing.Toally 30 patients from July 2014 to December 2015 were set as observation group.The self-made pelvic bag was used in the observation group for pelvic fixation and suspension traction.The degree of pain was compared between the pre-and post-use of the bag.Result The pains after using pelvic bag in the observation group were significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.001).Conclusions The self-made pelvic bag can be effective for the pelvic fixation and suspension for the patients with pelvic traction.At the same time it can relieve the pain.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548815


[Objective] To analyze clinical assessment and surgical treatment of rigid cervical kyphosis. [Methods]Thirty-nine cases of rigid kyphosis were retrospectively analyzed (13 cases of idiopathic kyphosis, 8 cases of kyphosis caused by laminectomy, 11 cases caused by old fractures, and 7 cases associated with cervical degenerative kyphosis). The preoperative JOA score was 9.71 ? 2.25, and kyphosis Cobb angles were 9 ?~72 ? (average 22.4 ?). All clinical evaluation had been done to patients and different surgical methods had been implied according to their different clinical manifestations and imaging features, including simple anterior surgery, the one-step anterior-posterior combined surgery, and the two-step of anterior-posterior combined surgery.[Results]The patients were followed up from12 to 36 months (average, 27 months).In the periods of intra-operation or post-operation,no major complication occurred. Neck pain disappeared and neural functions partially recovered postoperatively. Bone graft fusion was achieved.Postoperative JOA score was 14 ? 2.73 (and compared with preoperative t =-9.68 P