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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2537-2564, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888871

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceutical cocrystals are multicomponent systems in which at least one component is an active pharmaceutical ingredient and the others are pharmaceutically acceptable ingredients. Cocrystallization of a drug substance with a coformer is a promising and emerging approach to improve the performance of pharmaceuticals, such as solubility, dissolution profile, pharmacokinetics and stability. This review article presents a comprehensive overview of pharmaceutical cocrystals, including preparation methods, physicochemical properties, and applications. Furthermore, some examples of drug cocrystals are highlighted to illustrate the effect of crystal structures on the various aspects of active pharmaceutical ingredients, such as physical stability, chemical stability, mechanical properties, optical properties, bioavailability, sustained release and therapeutic effect. This review will provide guidance for more efficient design and manufacture of pharmaceutical cocrystals with desired physicochemical properties and applications.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1686-1695, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888829

ABSTRACT

As a serine hydrolase, monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) is principally responsible for the metabolism of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) in the central nervous system (CNS), leading to the formation of arachidonic acid (AA). Dysfunction of MAGL has been associated with multiple CNS disorders and symptoms, including neuroinflammation, cognitive impairment, epileptogenesis, nociception and neurodegenerative diseases. Inhibition of MAGL provides a promising therapeutic direction for the treatment of these conditions, and a MAGL positron emission tomography (PET) probe would greatly facilitate preclinical and clinical development of MAGL inhibitors. Herein, we design and synthesize a small library of fluoropyridyl-containing MAGL inhibitor candidates. Pharmacological evaluation of these candidates by activity-based protein profiling identified

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874361

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gastric cancer (GC) has substantial biological differences between Asian and non-Asian populations, which makes it difficult to have a unified predictive measure for all people. We aimed to identify novel prognostic biomarkers to help predict the prognosis of Asian GC patients. @*Materials and Methods@#We investigated the differential gene expression between GC and normal tissues of GSE66229. Univariate, multivariate and Lasso Cox regression analyses were conducted to establish a four-gene-related prognostic model based on the risk score. The risk score was based on a linear combination of the expression levels of individual genes multiplied by their multivariate Cox regression coefficients. Validation of the prognostic model was conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A nomogram containing clinical characteristics and the prognostic model was established to predict the prognosis of Asian GC patients. @*Results@#Four genes (RBPMS2, RGN, PLEKHS1, and CT83) were selected to establish the prognostic model, and it was validated in the TCGA Asian cohort. Receiver operating characteristic analysis confirmed the sensitivity and specificity of the prognostic model. Based on the prognostic model, a nomogram containing clinical characteristics and the prognostic model was established, and Harrell’s concordance index of the nomogram for evaluating the overall survival significantly higher than the model only focuses on the pathologic stage (0.74 vs. 0.64, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The four-gene-related prognostic model and the nomogram based on it are reliable tools for predicting the overall survival of Asian GC patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the causes and solutions for failed anterior ring fixation for unstable pelvic fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 84 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics and Joint Surgery, Jiangmen Central Hospital for unstable pelvic fractures from January 2009 to March 2019. They were 56 males and 28 females, aged from 19 to 64 years (mean, 42.5 years). By the Tile classification, 22 cases were type B1, 16 type B2, 10 type B3, 22 type C1, 6 type C2 and 8 type C3. Simple anterior ring fixation was performed for 21 cases and combined anterior and posterior ring fixation for 63 ones. The Matta's criteria were applied for the evaluation of fracture reduction. The cases of failed anterior ring fixation and their solutions were recorded and analyzed.Results:All patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months (average, 13.5 months). Failed anterior ring fixation was observed in 7 cases (8.3%) at 3 to 75 days after operation (average, 29.1 days). The failure was attributed to improper operation timing and unstable anterior ring fixation in 2 cases, mere unstable anterior ring fixation in one, wrong choice of anterior ring fixators and improper rehabilitation in 2 cases, poor intraoperative reduction in one and unstable posterior ring fixation in one. In the 2 failed cases that had been treated by external fixators, one underwent revision and the other conservative treatment. In the 5 cases that had been treated by plating, 4 underwent revision and one conservative treatment. By the Majeed criteria, the pelvic function was evaluated at the final follow-up as excellent in 2, good in 2 and fair in one in the 5 cases of revision who obtained follow-up from 11 to 24 months(average, 17.2 months) after revision; malunion was observed in the 2 cases of conservative treatment.Conclusions:Failed anterior ring fixation for unstable pelvic fracture may be caused by improper operation timing, wrong choice of anterior ring fixators, intraoperative malreduction, unstable pelvic ring fixation and improper rehabilitation. The key solution to failed anterior ring fixation is to find the specific causes. Plate revision may lead to fine therapeutic efficacy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 841-844, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802582

ABSTRACT

This study showed a case of a patient with central dislocation of the femoral head without involvement of anterior or posterior column of the acetabulum. The patient was associated with endocrine disorders caused by pituitectomy, severe osteoporosis caused by a long-term gulucocorticoids intake history, and poor bone quality of the quadrilateral plate. The direct impact of the femoral head on the quadrilateral plate after trauma resulted in purely central dislocation of the femoral head. 3D printing technique was used to print the fracture model for observation of the fracture morphology and the simulated operation before surgery. The variable-angle locking acetabular plate with a propeller-like shape was designed on the basis of the mirror of the ipsilesional semi-pelvis. This fracture was reduced via the lateral-rectus approach under direct vision. The quadrilateral surface fractures were fixed by the variable-angle locking acetabular plate which was used as a template for reduction. The follow up after surgery showed good reduction and fixation, equal length of double lower limbs, good positive and passive motion of the injured hip joint and without perioperative complications. This report describes an isolated quadrilateral plate fracture that has not yet been classified. It was effectively treated by using a customized variable-angle locking acetabular plate with a propeller-like shape via the lateral rectus approach.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 841-844, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755226

ABSTRACT

This study showed a case of a patient with central dislocation of the femoral head without involvement of anteri?or or posterior column of the acetabulum. The patient was associated with endocrine disorders caused by pituitectomy, severe osteo?porosis caused by a long-term gulucocorticoids intake history, and poor bone quality of the quadrilateral plate. The direct impact of the femoral head on the quadrilateral plate after trauma resulted in purely central dislocation of the femoral head. 3D printing technique was used to print the fracture model for observation of the fracture morphology and the simulated operation before sur?gery. The variable?angle locking acetabular plate with a propeller?like shape was designed on the basis of the mirror of the ipsile?sional semi-pelvis. This fracture was reduced via the lateral?rectus approach under direct vision. The quadrilateral surface frac?tures were fixed by the variable?angle locking acetabular plate which was used as a template for reduction. The follow up after sur?gery showed good reduction and fixation, equal length of double lower limbs, good positive and passive motion of the injured hip joint and without perioperative complications. This report describes an isolated quadrilateral plate fracture that has not yet been classified. It was effectively treated by using a customized variable?angle locking acetabular plate with a propeller?like shape via the lateral rectus approach.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 596-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755198

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical efficacy and surgical techniques of customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates in treatment of complex acetabular fractures in the elderly through the lateral-rectus approach.Methods Data of 11 elder patients of complex acetabular fractures (mean age 75 y,range:60-93 y;8 males,3 females) admitted to our department from March 2016 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.According to Judet-Letournel classification of acetabular fractures,there were 2 cases of anterior column and posterior hemitransverse fractures,9 cases of both-column fractures.The customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates were designed by mimics software and then produced before surgery.During the operation,the customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plate was applied to reduction and fixation via the anterior lataralrectus approach.The effect of fracture reduction was assessed by Matta's criteria.The clinical effect was assessed by Harris Hip score and the modified Merle d' Aubigné-Postal score at the 6th month of postoperative follow-up.Results The average time of designing and producing customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates was 4 d (3-5 d),the average operation time was 95 min (45-150 min),and the average intraoperative bleeding was 600 ml (250-1 400 ml).All patients were followed up,with an average follow-up of 18 m (6-24 m).All fractures were healed,with an average healing time of 8 weeks (6-12 weeks).Reduction quality:excellent in 8 cases,good in 2 cases,poor in 1 case,with an overall excellent and good rate of 90.9%.The result of Harris Hip scoring:excellent in 7 cases,good in 3 cases,and acceptable in 1 case,with a total excellent and good rate of 90.9%;Modified Mere d' Aubigné-Postal soring:excellent in 6 cases,good in 3 cases,and acceptable in 2 cases,with an overall excellent and good rate of 81.8%.There were 2 cases of obturator nerve injury,1 case of fat liquefaction of incision,3 cases of traumatic hip arthritis.During the follow-up,no complications such as ectopic ossification,plate fracture and screw loosening were found.Conclusion The customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates in treatment of complex acetabular fractures in the elderly via the lateral-rectus approach can achieve satisfactory reduction and firm fixtation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 596-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797040

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate clinical efficacy and surgical techniques of customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates in treatment of complex acetabular fractures in the elderly through the lateral-rectus approach.@*Methods@#Data of 11 elder patients of complex acetabular fractures (mean age 75 y, range: 60-93 y; 8 males, 3 females) admitted to our department from March 2016 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to Judet-Letournel classification of acetabular fractures, there were 2 cases of anterior column and posterior hemitransverse fractures, 9 cases of both-column fractures. The customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates were designed by mimics software and then produced before surgery. During the operation, the customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plate was applied to reduction and fixation via the anterior lataral-rectus approach. The effect of fracture reduction was assessed by Matta's criteria. The clinical effect was assessed by Harris Hip score and the modified Merle d' Aubigné-Postal score at the 6th month of postoperative follow-up.@*Results@#The average time of designing and producing customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates was 4 d (3-5 d), the average operation time was 95 min (45-150 min), and the average intraoperative bleeding was 600 ml (250-1 400 ml). All patients were followed up, with an average follow-up of 18 m (6-24 m). All fractures were healed, with an average healing time of 8 weeks (6-12 weeks). Reduction quality: excellent in 8 cases, good in 2 cases, poor in 1 case, with an overall excellent and good rate of 90.9%. The result of Harris Hip scoring: excellent in 7 cases, good in 3 cases, and acceptable in 1 case, with a total excellent and good rate of 90.9%; Modified Merle d' Aubigné-Postal soring: excellent in 6 cases, good in 3 cases, and acceptable in 2 cases, with an overall excellent and good rate of 81.8%. There were 2 cases of obturator nerve injury, 1 case of fat liquefaction of incision, 3 cases of traumatic hip arthritis. During the follow-up, no complications such as ectopic ossification, plate fracture and screw loosening were found.@*Conclusion@#The customized variable-angle locking acetabular wing plates in treatment of complex acetabular fractures in the elderly via the lateral-rectus approach can achieve satisfactory reduction and firm fixtation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804548

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract The indomethacin-nicotinamide cocrystal was prepared by hot melt extrusion(HME)to improve the dissolution of indomethacin in vitro. The optimum preparation conditions were investigated using temperature and rotate speed as variables. Thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), determination of content and determination of related substances were performed to evaluate the thermal stability of indomethacin during the process. Cocrystal was also prepared by solution crystallization from acetonitrile. The products obtained by the two methods were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry(DSC), Fourier transform infrared(FTIR)and powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD). The solubility and dissolution advantages of cocrystal were evaluated. The results showed that the HME method could successfully prepare the indomethacin-nicotinamide cocrystal at 115 °C and eutectic mixture was formed during the process. The cocrystal significantly improved the solubility and dissolution of indomethacin in deionized water, with pH 5. 5 and pH 6. 8 phosphate buffer. The preparation of poorly soluble drug cocrystal by HME can significantly improve its solubility, providing new idea for the development of poorly soluble drugs and HME technology.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 744-751, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711159

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical data of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and analyze the treatment and prognosis.Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted on 66 cases in Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2011 to December 2017.The children were divided into positive and negative auto-antibody groups according to the results of anti-factor H autoantibody test.The clinical characteristics,treatment plan and prognosis of the two groups were compared.Results Among the 66 children who met the inclusion criteria,there were 43 cases (65.2%) in the positive group,with an average onset age of (8.0±2.9) years.There were 23 eases (34.8%) in the negative group,with an average onset age of (3.0± 2.6) years.On the basis of plasma treatment,in the positive group,the usage rate of hormone was 83.3% (35/42) and the usage rate of immunosuppressive agents was 42.9%(18/42),while in the negative group,the rates were 63.6%(14/22) and 13.6%(3/22) respectively.The average follow-up time was 19.3 months.One child in each group was lost to follow-up.In the positive group,8 cases recurred (19.0%)and the average recurrence interval time was 16.1 months.In the negative group,7 cases recurred (31.8%) and the average recurrence interval time was 9.3 months.And the recurrent interval time in the positive group was more longer than the negative group (P < 0.05).A total of 85.9%(55/64) children had complete hemolysis control and complete recovery of renal function,in which the positive group was 85.7%(36/42) and negative group was 86.4%(19/22).However,7.8%(5/64) children had abnormal renal function,in which the positive group was 9.5%(4/42) and the negative group was 4.5%(1/22).And 4.7%(3/64) children died,in which the positive group was 2.4%(1/42) and the negative group was 9.1% (2/22).The one left (1.6%) showed dialysis dependence,which was positive for the auto-antibody.Multifactor Cox regression analysis showed that the age of less than 3 years old was the risk factor of poor prognosis (HR=4.651,95%CI 0.988-21.898,P=0.047).Conclusions The positive proportion of anti-factor H autoantibody in children with aHUS is high.The age of these children is older.Individualized therapy based on anti-factor H autoantibody and immunosuppressive therapy is of great significance for disease remission,preventing recurrence and improving the prognosis.Age less than 3 years old is the risk factor for poor prognosis.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1363-1370, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614895

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish the rat model of Spleen-Qi deficiency, analyse the metabolic pathways and investigate the connection between the changed urinary metabolites and Spleen-Qi deficiency, in order to explore the potential mechanisms of Spleen-Qi deficiency.Methods With the binding methods of diarrhea induced by bitter and cold, abnormal of starvation and excessive tiredness, the rat Spleen-Qi deficiency model was established.Then the activity of creatine phosphokinase(CPK) was detected.The endogenous metabolites in the urine were detected by NMR, and the data were analyzed with multivariate and statistical methods.Then the metabolites were selected that could be clearly distinct in the two groups with the fold change value(>1.2) and the P<0.05 of Student′s t-test.Both the pathway analysis and enrichment analysis were performed with Metabo Analyst 3.0.Results Compared with the normal rats, the activity of CPK decreased significantly in model rats(P<0.05).A significant separation appeared in the principal components analysis(PCA) score plot when the control group and the model group were compared, indicating that the Spleen-Qi deficiency model was successfully duplicated.The 33 differential metabolites, which mainly involved in the metabolic pathways, were distinguished from the comparision of Spleen-Qi deficiency model group and control group.The metabolic pathways was related to energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism and disturbance of gut microbes.Conclusions The main energy metabolic pathways (tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis and liquid oxidation) may be disturbed in Spleen-Qi deficiency rats.The energy supply function is suppressed, which leads to the fatigue and weight loss in rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620123

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness and safety of anterior vitrectomy combined with capsular retractor and Cionni modified capsular tension ring (MCTR) in traumatic lens subluxation surgery with anterior vitreous prolapse.Methods This study comprised 16 patients (16 eyes) of traumatic lens subluxation with anterior vitreous prolapse,in which iridodialysis was in 3 eyes,express implantation in 1 eye and Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in 1 eye.According to the severity of lens subluxation,the patients were divided into three levels,including 90°-120° (7 eyes),120°-180° (5 eyes) and 180°-270° (4 eyes).Considering the anterior vitreous prolapse,anterior vitrectomy or/and pars plan vitrectomy was conducted with assistance of triamcinolone acetonide.After continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis,two to four capsular retractors were placed in the capsulorhexis to support and center the capsule.MCTR was inserted with scleral suture fixation after phacoemulsification.At last,the foldable IOL was implanted to capsular bag.Postoperative visual acuity,intra-and post-operative complications,anterior capsular opening,IOL positions and intraocular pressure (IOP) were assessed during 3 months' follow up.Results All patients had successfully undergone phacoemulsification,MCTR insertion and IOL implantation.Seven eyes were inserted with 2-eyelet MCTR and nine eyes were inserted with 1-eyelet MCTR.The postoperative visual acuity was better than 0.5 in 9 eyes,between 0.3 and 0.5 in 4 eyes,between 0.1 and 0.3 in 2 eyes,and less than 0.1 in 1 eye.Compared with pre-operation,the difference in the visual acuity was statistically significant (x2 =17.503,P =0.000).The scheimpflug images obtained from the Pentacam,which demonstrated that the IOL was well centered,and no MCTR and IOL decentration occurred.The common intraand post-operative complications were residual cortex,aqueous misdirection syndrome,anterior capsular tears,anterior capsular phimosis and posterior capsular opacification.Conclusion The effective application of anterior vitrectomy is the key point to reduce surgical complications.Anterior vitrectomy combined with insertion of capsular retractor and MCTR is an ideal surgical option for patients of traumatic lens subluxation with anterior vitreous prolapse.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317549

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the correlation between MRI apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and expression of Ki-67 in gastric cancers, and to investigate the application of ADC value in diagnosing the malignance of gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on 87 gastric cancer patients who received MRI examination and radical resection at Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from November 2014 to August 2015. All the postoperative resected samples were confirmed as gastric cancer. Preoperative MRI examination was performed by using Siemens 3.0-T Verio MRI with following parameters: section thickness 3 mm, gap 1 mm, matrix 182×320, field of view 40 cm. Plain scan was followed by T1-weighted fat suppression technique VIBE 3D(TR3.92/TE1.39,90degree) scans at arterial phase (the 30th second), portal venous phase (the 60th second), lag period (the 90th second), axial planes and coronal planes (the 180th second), and sagittal planes (the 210th second), respectively. ADC value of tumor was measured at b-factor of 800 s/mmand ADC map was generated from DWI data on the work station. The expression of Ki-67 in cancer tissue was detected by routine immunohistochemical (SP) staining after surgery. Correlation between ADC value and the expression of Ki-67 in gastric cancer was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Irregular thickening of the gastric wall and inhomogeneous enhancement of the tumor after injection of the contrast material appeared in gastric cancer. Gastric cancer tissue presented hyperintensity and normal gastric wall presented isointensity in DWI image (b=800 s/mm). Compared with normal gastric tissue, mean ADC value of gastric cancer tissue was significant lower [(1.114±0.265)×10mm/s vs. (2.032±0.202)×10mm/s, t=26.209, P=0.000]. The ADC values of high-middle differentiation group, middle-low differentiation group, low differentiation group and signet ring cell carcinoma/mucinous adenocarcinoma group were (1.347±0.234)×10mm/s, (1.179±0.257)×10mm/s, (0.996±0.185)×10mm/s and (1.082±0.230)×10mm/s, respectively. The difference of mean ADC value among different tumor stages was significant(F=8.498, P=0.000). Along with the Ki-67 expression up-regulated, the ADC value decreased in cancer tissue. The Ki-67 expressions in cancer tissue was negatively correlated with cancer ADC values (r=-0.570, P=0.000). Furthermore, negative correlations of Ki-67 expressions with ADC values of high-middle differentiation group (r=-0.627, P=0.016), low differentiation group (r=-0.787, P=0.000) and signet ring cell carcinoma/mucinous adenocarcinoma group (r=-0.792, P=0.000) were observed respectively, while Ki-67 expression was not correlated with ADC value of middle-low differentiation group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ADC value of gastric cancer can reflect the level of tumor differentiation, and is negatively correlated with Ki-67 expression in cancer tissues.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497051

ABSTRACT

Objective To study three-dimensional reconstruction system (IQQA-Liver) in evaluation of resection volume and margin of hepatocellular carcinoma.Method Data of 51 hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing hepatectomy from March 2014 to October 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients received preoperative ultrasound and CT/MIR evaluation.Three-dimensional reconstruction system (IQQA-Liver) was used to reconstruct tumor shape and location,the relationship between tumor and adjacent vessels or bile ducts.Then liver volume,liver resection volume,residual liver volume and surgical margin were calculated and compared with the actual resection liver values and actual margin.Results Images of three-dimensional reconstruction system (IQQA-Liver) were accurate,clear and directly perceived.In terms of the resection liver volume and resection margin,there was no significant difference between the predicted results and actual results [resection liver volume:(412.93 ± 471.26)cm3 vs.(487.02±529.01)cm3,t=0.75,P=0.46,resection margin:(13.72 ± 4.58) mm vs.(13.92 ±4.21)mm,t =0.23,P =0.82].The predicted resection liver volume was significantly correlated with the actual resection volume (r =0.91,P < 0.01),the predicted resection margin was also correlated with the actual resection margin (r =0.89,P < 0.01).Conclusion Three-dimensional reconstruction system (IQQALivcr) could accurately assess the resection volumc and margin of hepatocellular carcinoma.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497031

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of three-dimensional reconstruction and virtual hepatectomy for laparoscopic precise liver resection of right liver tumor.Methods 31 cases of right liver tumor from June 2012 to October 2015 at Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University,were analyzed retrospectively.Patients were divided into three dimensional reconstruction group (n =15) and control group (n =16),Operation time,bleeding volume during operation,postoperative complications and days of hospitalization after operation in two groups were observed.Results All operation was successfully performed with pure laparoscopic right liver tumor resection in three dimensional reconstruction group.In control group,1 case was completed by hand-assisted laparoscopic liver resection,1 case was converted to open operation,the remaining 14 cases underwent total laparoscopic right liver tumor resection.Operation time in 3-dimensional reconstruction group was (141 ± 36)min vs.(207 ± 66)min in control group,bleeding volume was (274 ±88)ml vs.(418 ± 189)ml,hospitalization after operation was (9 ± 3)days vs.(13 ±6)days (all P <0.05).Conclusions Preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction and virtual hepatectomy can ensure the localization of parenchyma tumor during the laparoscopic precise liver resection,clarifing the relationship between tumor operation section and peritumoral vascular or biliary ducts,fulfilling the idea of precise liver resection.

16.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 651-656, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504628

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of protein and energy intakes and the z-score of weight for age in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks. Methods The data from 314 hospitalized premature infants ( 268 cases of AGA and 46 cases of SGA) during January 2012 to December 2014 were retrospectively collected. The intakes of protein and energy and the changes of weight within 2 weeks after birth were compared. Results Compared with AGA group, the hospital stays, durations of parenteral and enteral nutrition and total enteral nutrition, and time to achieve full dose feeding were signiifcantly longer in SGA group (P?

17.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 337-339,344, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603421

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of tert?butylhydroquinone(tBHQ)on ultraviolet B(UVB)?induced oxidative damages in human im?mortalized keratinocytes(HaCaT),and discuss its mechanism. Methods The cultured HaCaT cells were randomly divided into 4 groups:control group(G1),ultraviolet irradiation group(G2),25μmol/L tBHQ pretreatment before ultraviolet irradiation group(G3),and 50μmol/L tBHQ pre?treatment before ultraviolet irradiation group(G4). The content of reactive oxygen species was detected by DCFH?DA method,and the cell prolifera?tion was evaluated by MTT. Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of nuclear factor E2?related factor 2(Nrf2)in both nuclear fac?tions and whole?cell of HaCaT. The mRNA expressions of CAT and SRX were determined by real?time RT?PCR. Results The content of reactive oxygen species in HaCaT cells was increased,and the cell proliferation rate was decreased significantly after ultraviolet irradiation. The pretreatment of 25 and 50μmol/L tBHQ can inhibit the UVB?induced oxidative damage in a dose?dependent manner in HaCaT cells. Compared with G2 group, tBHQ pretreatment could dose?dependently increase the level of Nrf2 protein in nuclear factions and whole?cell of HaCaT,and also the mRNA ex?pressions of CAT and SRX. Conclusion UVB irradiation can induce oxidative stress damages of HaCaT cells. tBHQ may inhibit the UVB?induced oxidative damages through enhancing Nrf2 expressions and nuclear translocation,then activating the transcription of the downstream antioxidant en?zymes CAT and SRX.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 551-554, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495523

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the expressions of programmed death?1(PD?1)and programmed death ligand?1(PD?L1)on peripheral blood T lymphocytes of patients with condyloma acuminatum(CA), and to investigate their role in cellular immunity in these patients. Methods Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 30 patients with CA(CA group)and 20 healthy human controls (control group). Flow cytometry was conducted to detect the expressions of PD?1 and PD?L1 on the surfaces of peripheral blood CD4+and CD8+T lymphocytes, and to determine the counts of CD4+and CD8+T lymphocytes. Enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was performed to measure the levels of serum interleukin?2(IL?2)and interferon?γ(IFN?γ). Statistical analyses were carried out to compare the above parameters between the two groups, and to assess the relationship of PD?1 and PD?L1 expressions with the counts of CD4+and CD8+T lymphocytes as well as with the serum levels of IL?2 and IFN?γ. Results There was a significant increase in the expression rates of PD?1 and PD?L1 on CD4+T lymphocytes(PD?1:9.48%± 3.31%vs. 7.12%± 2.16%, t=2.81, P0.05). The levels of serum IL?2 and IFN?γwere both lower in the CA group than in the control group(t=2.12, 2.16, respectively, both P 0.05). Conclusion PD?1 was highly expressed on peripheral blood T lymphocytes from patients with CA, which may inhibit T lymphocyte?mediated immune response, decrease CD4+T lymphocyte counts, the CD4/CD8 ratio as well as IL?2 and IFN?γserum levels by interacting with its ligand PD?L1 and forming the PD?1/PD?L1 signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453181

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With the social and economic development and aging, coronary heart disease has become the primary cause of death endangering human life and health, while cardiovascular intervention (especial y stenting) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease is at a growing status. OBJECTIVE:To describe the development, research progress and latest clinical application of heart interventional materials as wel as advantages and disadvantages of biodegradable stents, and meanwhile to prospect for its future development and improvement. METHODS:A computer-based online search was conducted in PubMed for English language publications from January 1999 to April 2014 using the key words of“stent, scaffold, bioabsorbable, bioresorbable, biodegradable, biocompatibility, material properties”in English. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The new ful y biodegradable stents are considered as another major progress in the cardiac intervention, which brings a new gospel for patients with coronary heart disease. In the initial stage of implantation, biodegradable stents exhibit the same mechanical support as bare metal stents;after implantation, anti-proliferative drugs are released to prevent thrombosis and restenosis, and the stent is completely degraded within a specified period, which significantly reduces the late-stage and very late-stage thrombosis and the risk of in-stent restenosis. However, long-term safety and efficacy of biodegradable stents need further studies. Innovation of stent design and materials science is the key to overcome the current shortcomings of biodegradable stents.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408504

ABSTRACT

AIM: A new HPLC-MS method was developed to determine finasteride in human plasma. METHODS: Two formulations of finasteride tablets were given to 20 healthy male volunteers according to a randomized 2-way cross-over design. The samples were extracted by ethyl acetate under basic conditions, then were separated by C18 column and determined by mass detector. RESULTS: The calibration curve of finasteride was linear and intra-day and inter-day RSD were less than 10 %. The pharmacokinetics parameters of the two formulations (4.5 ± 0.5) h for t1/2; (3.0 ± 0.7) and (2.8 ± 0.9) h for tmax, respectively. The results indicated that there was no significant difference on cmax, A UC0-24, t1/2 or tmax values between the two formulations. CONCLUTION: The relative bioavailability of tablets I with respect to tablets Ⅱ is (99.3 ± 9.2) % by the A UC0-24 measurement, and bioe quivalence is observed between the two tablets.

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