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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 178-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992280


Objective:To analyze the mechanism of Danpi-Chishao in treatment of sepsis based on network pharmacology.Methods:The corresponding targets of Danpi-Chishao and sepsis were carried out through TCMSP database, OMIM database and Genecards database. Cystoscope 3.8.2 software was used to construct the " Chinese medicine-active components-target-disease" network diagram. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were carried out by DAVID database. Weisheng cloud platform was used to draw bubble map.Results:A total of 36 effective components of Danpi-Chishao was obtained, mainly including quercetin, kaempferol, baicalin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, paeoniflorin and so on. There were 96 potential common key targets between Danpi-Chishao and sepsis, such as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), transcription factor p65 (RELA), phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG), B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-associated X (BAX), BCL-2, Caspase-3 (CASP3) with a degree value>4.9. The result of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that there were 10 important target proteins, including alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), CASP3, PTGS2, C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2). The pathways obtained by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis included atherosclerosis pathway, advanced glycation end products (AGE)-receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) signal pathway, cancer pathway, tumor necrosis factor signal pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway and other pathway.Conclusions:The mechanism of the intervention effect of Danpi-Chishao on sepsis may be that the active components such as quercetin, kaempferol, paeoniflorin act on target proteins such as PTGS2, RELA, PIK3CG, BAX, BCL2, CASP3, and through TNF-related signal pathway, HIF-1 signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway, etc. Nonetheless, the conclusion needs further experimental verification.

Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 546-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989826


Objective:To evaluate the value of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (aCCI) in the clinical prognosis of sepsis and septic shock in the elderly, and to further explore the role of aCCI in evaluating the timing of Shenfu injection in elderly patients with septic shock.Methods:Clinical data of elderly patients with sepsis and septic shock in Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from January 1, 2019 to January 1, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. With the median aCCI score of all samples as the cutoff value, the patients were divided into the low aCCI score group and high aCCI score group. The prognosis of elderly patients with septic shock and the application timing of Shenfu injection with aCCI score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) were compared.Results:A total of 61 patients were included, including 31 patients in the high aCCI score group. The proportion of septic shock in elderly sepsis patients was lower in the low aCCI score group ( P < 0.05). The aCCI score (95% CI: 1.229-2.615; P< 0.01) was more valuable than SOFA score (95% CI: 1.035-1.607; P< 0.05) in predicting septic shock in elderly patients with sepsis. The 28-day survival rate in the low aCCI score group was higher than that in the high aCCI score group ( P < 0.05). Both the SOFA score (95% CI: 1.010-1.364) and the aCCI score (95% CI: 1.072-10.501) were independent factors affecting the 28-day survival rate. The use of Shenfu injection was associated with 28-day survival outcome in elderly patients with septic shock (95% CI: 0.012-0.788; P < 0.05). Conclusions:aCCI score is more effective than SOFA score in assessing the risk of shock in elderly patients with septic shock, and has a certain predictive value for the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis. Shenfu injection may be beneficial to the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with septic shock, but it needs to be further verified by large-scale prospective studies.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 490-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932089


Objective:Animal models of sepsis are mainly established by cecal ligation and puncture which causes mixed bacterial infections in the abdominal cavity. However in internal clinic, sepsis is more common to be caused by respiratory bacterial infections. Therefore, it is necessary to establish animal models of sepsis caused by lung Infection.Methods:According to the concentration of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) suspension and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) suspension, Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were equally divided into 10 groups, including S-Cont group, S-0.75 group, S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-Cont group, P-1 group, P-2 group, P-4 group, P-8 group. Rats in the control group were treated with normal saline nasal drip. Rats in each experimental group were infected by nasal dripping bacterial suspension with 0.75×10 8 CFU/ml, 1.5×10 8 CFU/ml, 3×10 8 CFU/ml, 6×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 1×10 8 CFU/ml, 2×10 8 CFU/ml, 4×10 8 CFU/ml, 8×10 8CFU/ml P. aeruginosa suspension. Our study detected the body temperature (T), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) of rats in each group before and after infection, as well as blood lactic acid (Lac) and procalcitonin (PCT) level after infection. The lung infections of rats in each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results:The blood pressure(BP) of S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-8 group was lower than before infection (all P<0.05). The Lac and PCT of each S. aureus experimental group were higher than that of the S-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration ( P<0.05), except for the S-3 and S-6 group ( P>0.05). The Lac and PCT of each P. aeruginosa experimental group were higher than that of the P-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration (all P<0.05), except for the Lac in the P-4 group and P-8 group ( P>0.05). HE staining showed that different degrees of inflammatory infiltration can be seen in the lungs of the experimental rats in each group. Conclusions:Infection of rats by nasal dripping with 3×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 4×10 8 CFU/ml of P. aeruginosa suspension could establish relatively stable rat sepsis model induced by lung bacterial infection, of which the former could also establish a relatively stable septic shock model.

International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 447-452, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693626


Objective To study the HPLC rapid analysis method for the 5 kinds of saponins in pseudo-ginseng herbs and its traditional Chinese medicine preparations Xuesaitong injection at different habitats and analyze the fingerprint characteristics. Methods The Waters Nova-Pak-wat044375 flash chromatography column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 4 μm) was as stationary phase, and acetonitrile-0.5% formic acid solution (v/v) system was as the mobile phase. The gradient elution, column temperature was 30 ℃, and detection wavelength was of 203 nm. Twelve batches of Panax notoginseng in Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Jiangxi and other places four kinds of Xuesaitong injection from different manufacturers were taken for rapid analysis of HPLC and methodological study. The similarity analysis was carried out by Chinese medicine chromatographic fingerprint similarity evaluation system (2012 edition). Results The establishment of rapid HPLC fingerprints baseline separation occurred within 1 min of detection, and 5 kinds of ingredients were all successfully detected in the 40 min. The similarity of each component was more than 0.9, and with a good precision, stability and reproducibility, RSD within 5%. Conclusions The method of HPLC rapid analysis for Chinese herbal medicine pseudo-ginseng and its Chinese drugs preparation's specific chromatogram is simple, rapid and effective. It can fully reflect the changes of 5 representative components chromatogram in pseudo-ginseng and its preparation, and so it can be as the quality control evaluation of pseudo-ginseng and its preparation.