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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1144-1150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair for depression and Alzheimer disease (AD) with the same treatment through network pharmacology. Methods:Effective components of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair were retrieved from TCMSP, TCMID and ETCM databases. The disease targets of depression and AD were retrieved from GeneCards, TTD and CTD databases. Targets of action of drugs on active components were predicted through SwissTargetPrediction, and then the intersection targets of medicinal pair and the diseases were taken. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct the interaction network of Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair on "component-common target-disease". The enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway was carried out with the help of Metascape platform, and molecular docking verification was carried out. Results:Through searching the databases and literature, 78 compounds in Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair were obtained, corresponding to 41 targets of different diseases with the same treatment. The GO function was mainly concentrated in response to lipopolysaccharide and cellular response to nitrogen compound. The KEGG pathway was mainly concentrated in lipid and atherosclerosis, calcium signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse, insulin resistance and so on. The core targets were PTGS2, ESR2, etc. Molecular docking showed that most of the core components could form stable conformation with the core targets. Conclusions:Polygalae Radix - Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma medicinal pair has the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway in the same treatment of depression and AD. Through their core components of senegenin, 1-carbobutoxy-β-carboline, 6-hydroxy-1,2,3,7-tetramethoxyxanthone, kaempferol and etc., the pair can act on PTGS2 and other targets, regulate lipid and atherosclerosis, calcium signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse, insulin resistance and so on, and play a therapeutic role in depression and Alzheimer's disease with the same treatment.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2382-2387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003829

ABSTRACT

After systematically reviewing the syndrome distribution, evolution, diagnostic criteria, effectiveness evaluation and genomics study on acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in the past decade, we found that there are problems such as inconsistency in the nomenclature of syndrome, lack of quantitative diagnostic tools for syndrome, less developed evaluation tools for syndrome efficacy, and singularity of genomics technique. Based on this, it was proposed that we should pay attention to the standardisation of syndrome naming, strengthen the research on quantitative diagnostic methods, establish standardised and quantitative diagnostic tools, further improve the existing assessment tools of syndrome effectiveness, and integrate the existing genomics techniques to conduct research, so as to support the further research on AECOPD syndromes.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2588-2595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998814

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association between ZJU index and the onset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Uygur population and the value of ZJU index in predicting the risk of NAFLD. MethodsThe Uighur community of The 51st Regiment of The Third Division of Xinjiang Kashgar Corps was selected as the investigation site, and the Uygur residents who lived in this area and had an age of >18 years were selected as subjects. Follow-up studies were conducted in 2019, 2020, and 2021, and the investigation of outcomes was completed in June to August of 2021. Finally 10 597 subjects were enrolled for analysis. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of continuous variables between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables between groups. The subjects were divided into Q1-Q4 groups according to the level of ZJU index. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to predict the incidence rate of NAFLD, and the Cox regression model was used to analyze the association between ZJU index and the risk of NAFLD; the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the value of ZJU index in predicting the risk of NAFLD. ResultsDuring the median follow-up time of 4.92 years, the incidence rate of NAFLD was 9.4% (992/10 597) among the study population. After adjustment for multiple factors, there was a significant increase in the risk of NAFLD with the increase in ZJU index, with a hazard ratio of 2.55 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.60‍ — ‍4.06), 7.32 (95%CI: 4.78‍ — ‍11.20), and 21.74 (95%CI: 14.32‍ — ‍33.00), respectively (all Ptrend<0.001). The ROC curve showed that ZJU index had a higher value in predicting NAFLD (AUC=0.816), and the male subgroup had a significantly higher predictive accuracy of ZJU index than the female subgroup (AUC: 0.829 vs 0.809). ConclusionZJU index is a predictive factor for the onset of NAFLD in the Uygur population in rural areas of Xinjiang and has a good value in predicting the risk of NAFLD.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 8-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996406

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the nutritional efficacy of compound protein powder formulations from different sources. Methods Three groups of compound protein powder formulations were obtained through scientific blending using soy protein, whey protein and yeast protein as raw materials. The effects of the compound protein powders on nitrogen metabolism, serum biochemical indicators, and pathological changes of liver tissue and epididymal fat in rats were evaluated. Results Compared with the control (casein), the net protein utilization, biological evaluation, and protein efficacy ratio of the compound protein powders in rats were significantly improved, and the changes in these indicators in the formula with the highest whey protein content were most significant among all three formulas. The compound protein powders effectively increased the levels of albumin and globulin, while decreased the content of total cholesterol, indicating beneficial effects on improving immunity and controlling lipid metabolism, with the formula group 2 being the most effective among all three groups. The pathological examination showed that the three groups of protein powder did not have adverse effects on liver tissue and epididymal fat. Conclusion The present study demonstrates that the compound protein powder formulation has nutritional value, which suggests a potential of the application of the compound protein powder formulation in the elderly, and people with special nutritional needs, such as sports people.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1081-1085, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish HPLC fingerprint of Portulaca oleracea, establish quantitative analysis of multi- components by single-marker (QAMS) method for the content determination of caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin, and provide reference for quality control of the medicine. METHODS The determination was performed on Eclipse XDB-C18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.2% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was 25 °C, and detection wavelength was set at 360 nm. The sample size was 10 μL. HPLC fingerprint of P. oleracea was established according to the above chromatographic conditions. Cluster analysis (CA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were performed for 15 batches of specimens. Using caffeic acid as internal standard, relative correction factors of other three components were calculated by QAMS, and then the component content was calculated on the basis of relative correction factors, which was compared with the external standard method. RESULTS HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of P. oleracea were calibrated with a total of 17 common peaks, and 4 components (caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin, quercetin) were identified; the similarities of 15 batches of samples were greater than 0.890. The results of CA showed that S1-S10 were clustered into one category, and S11-S15 were clustered into one category. The results of PCA revealed that the accumulative contribution rate of the two main components was 92.502%, and the classification results were basically consistent with CA. The linear range of caffeic acid, ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin were 0.003 1-0.157 1, 0.003 6-0.181 7, 0.008 5-0.425 6,0.000 4-0.021 8 mg/mL (R2≥0.999 7); the results of precision, repeatability, stability (24 h) and recovery tests all complied with the requirements of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The relative correction factors of ferulic acid, genistin and quercetin calculated by QAMS were 1.534, 5.302 and 0.174; there was no significant difference in the contents of components measured between this method and the external standard method. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC fingerprint combined with QAMS can be used for the quality control of multiple index components in P. oleracea. The origin has a certain influence on the quality of P. oleracea, and the quality of P. oleracea produced in Sichuan is better than that produced in Anhui and Hebei.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 53-58, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors related to urinary tract infection after indwelling ureteral D-J tube in pregnant women with acute renal colic.Methods:Clinical data of 109 pregnant women with acute renal colic undergoing indwelling ureteral D-J tube in emergency department of Taizhou Hospital or Enze Hospital from January 2008 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 cases (28.4%) with urinary tract infection after discharge and before delivery (infection group) and 78 cases without infection (non-infected group). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors of urinary tract infection after ureteral D-J tube insertion.Results:In 109 patients the average age was 28 (25,33) years, the average gestational age was 26 (21,31)weeks, and the average body mass index (BMI) was 24.84 (22.60,27.43) kg/m 2. Compared with the non-infected group, the infection group had a higher rate of positive urine culture [38.7%(12/31) vs. 15.4%(12/78), χ2=6.56, P=0.010] and diabetes [45.2%(14/31) vs. 11.5%(9/78), χ2=13.86, P<0.001], and a lower gestational age [23(20,28) vs.27(21,32) weeks, Mann-Whitney U test, P=0.006]. Multivariate analysis showed that diabetes( OR=7.739,95 %CI:2.579-23.223, P<0.001), positive urine culture( OR=3.249,95 %CI:1.131-9.330, P=0.029), and gestational age( OR=0.201,95 %CI:0.042-0.955, P=0.044) were independent risk factors for urinary tract infection in pregnant women with acute renal colic after ureteral D-J tube insertion. Conclusion:History of diabetes, gestational age, and positive preoperative urine culture are risk factors for urinary tract infection after ureteral D-J tube insertion in pregnant women with acute renal colic.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 224-230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of HIS (hyperinflammatory syndrome) score in predicting the prognosis of anti-melanoma differentiation associated gene 5(MDA5) antibody-positive dermatomyositis (DM) patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD).Methods:A total of 43 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis and 228 connective tissue disease (CTD) patients with ILD hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to April 2021 were enrolled into this study. All patients were complicated with ILD and their HIS score were assessed. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-squared test, Fisher exact probability and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used for data analysis. Results:The HIS score of 43 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermat-omyositis were collected. Among 228 CTD-ILD patients in the control groups, the primary disease consisted of 33(14.5%) anti-synthetase antibody syndrome (ASS), 44(19.3%) rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 65(28.5%) Sj?gren's syndromes (SS), 43 (18.9%) systemic sclerosis (SSc) and 43 (18.9%) systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE). The HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD patients [2(1, 3)] was higher than those in ASS patients [1(0, 2), Z=-2.06, P<0.05] and significantly higher than those in RA-ILD [1(0, 2), Z=-2.87, P<0.01], SS-ILD [0(0,1), Z=-5.78, P<0.01], SSC-ILD [1(0, 1), Z=-3.84, P<0.01] and SLE-ILD [1(0, 2), Z=-3.81, P<0.01]. Comparing HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD patients, the 3-months mortality rate in the low, medium and high groups was 0(0/15), 38.1%(8/21) and 85.7%(6/7). The area under ROC curve (95% CI) was 0.857[(0.747, 0.967), P<0.001] for HIS score in predicting 3-months mortality probability of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD. Conclusion:HIS score of anti-MDA5-positive DM-ILD is higher than that in CTD-ILD patients and the baseline level is related to the 3-months mortality rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 160-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of flipped classroom combined with case-based learning (CBL) teaching mode on teaching effect of X-ray cephalometric analysis in orthodontic experimental class.Methods:In the study, 70 undergraduates majoring in stomatology were selected as research objects and randomized into teaching reform group and traditional group in average. Flipped classroom combined with CBL teaching mode was adopted in teaching reform group, while traditional group adopted traditional teaching mode. Questionnaire was used to investigate the students' evaluation on the two teaching modes, and the accuracy of the measurement of X-ray cephalometrics of the two groups was compared and analyzed respectively. GraphPad Prism 7.03 software was used to perform t test and chi-square test. Results:Teaching reform group believed that this kind of teaching mode could improve the ability of self-study, communication coordination ability, independent problem solving ability, and logic and language expression ability, deepen the understanding of the project connotation, and apply the X-ray cephalometrics to the actual clinical case analysis and diagnosis. Compared with the traditional group, there were significant differences ( P<0.05). In the accuracy evaluation of measurement values, the absolute values of 70% measurement items in teaching reform group were higher than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Only in bone type Ⅲ malocclusion, the absolute values of Y-axis angle and FMA were lower than those of the traditional group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Flipped classroom combined with CBL teaching mode can help students improve self-study ability, communication cooperation ability and the ability of solving problem independently and clinical application. However, the accuracy evaluation of measurement values in teaching reform group were lower than that of the traditional group, indicating that this teaching method in the experimental teaching of X-ray cephalometric analysis needs to be further improved.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 875-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930538

ABSTRACT

The immune mechanism of non-IgE-mediated food allergy is quite complex.Due to the lack of specific laboratory indicators and limited diagnosis and treatment methods, non-IgE-mediated food allergy is usually misdiagnosed.Therefore, it is urgent to clarify the pathogenesis of the disease and search for specific biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets.This review aims to summarize current research results on the immune mechanism of non-IgE-mediated food allergy from two aspects, including the specific immunity and innate immunity, and to explore the potential diagnostic markers.The results may provide novel ideas for effective therapeutic strategies of non-IgE-mediated food allergy.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 18-32, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929279

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with unknown causes. The incidence rate increases year by year and the prognosis is poor without cure. Recently, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB/AKT) signaling pathway can be considered as a master regulator for IPF. The contribution of the PI3K/AKT in fibrotic processes is increasingly prominent, with PI3K/AKT inhibitors currently under clinical evaluation in IPF. Therefore, PI3K/AKT represents a critical signaling node during fibrogenesis with potential implications for the development of novel anti-fibrotic strategies. This review epitomizes the progress that is being made in understanding the complex interpretation of the cause of IPF, and demonstrates that PI3K/AKT can directly participate to the greatest extent in the formation of IPF or cooperate with other pathways to promote the development of fibrosis. We further summarize promising PI3K/AKT inhibitors with IPF treatment benefits, including inhibitors in clinical trials and pre-clinical studies and natural products, and discuss how these inhibitors mitigate fibrotic progression to explore possible potential agents, which will help to develop effective treatment strategies for IPF in the near future.

11.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 583-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953564

ABSTRACT

Objective: To elucidate the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Reduning Injection (RDN) by analyzing the potential biomarkers and metabolic pathways of the carrageenan-induced inflammatory model from the overall metabolic level. Methods: Rat inflammatory model was established by carrageenan. UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was used to detect and analyze changes of endogenous metabolites in the serum and urine of carrageenan-induced inflammatory rats. Combined with multivariate analysis and databases analysis, inflammatory-related potential biomarkers were screened and identified to analyze possible metabolic pathways. The reliability and biological significance of these biomarkers was verified by metabolic network analysis and correlation analysis with pharmacodynamic indicators. Results: A total of 16 potential biomarkers were screened and identified by multivariate analysis and metabolite databases, among which 13 species could be adjusted by RDN. The metabolism pathway analysis revealed that histidine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, and tyrosine metabolism were greatly disturbed. Their biomarkers involved urocanic acid, sphingosine, and norepinephrine, all of which showed a callback trend after RDN treatment. The three biomarkers had a certain correlation with some known inflammatory-related small molecules (histamine, arachidonic acid, Leukotriene B4, and PGE

12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 703-719, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939835

ABSTRACT

A growing number of studies have identified sex differences in response to general anesthesia; however, the underlying neural mechanisms are unclear. The medial preoptic area (MPA), an important sexually dimorphic structure and a critical hub for regulating consciousness transition, is enriched with estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), particularly in neuronal clusters that participate in regulating sleep. We found that male mice were more sensitive to sevoflurane. Pharmacological inhibition of ERα in the MPA abolished the sex differences in sevoflurane anesthesia, in particular by extending the induction time and facilitating emergence in males but not in females. Suppression of ERα in vitro inhibited GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons of the MPA in males but not in females. Furthermore, ERα knockdown in GABAergic neurons of the male MPA was sufficient to eliminate sex differences during sevoflurane anesthesia. Collectively, MPA ERα positively regulates the activity of MPA GABAergic neurons in males but not in females, which contributes to the sex difference of mice in sevoflurane anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Anesthesia , Estrogen Receptor alpha/metabolism , Preoptic Area , Sevoflurane/pharmacology , Sex Characteristics
13.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 484-488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987495

ABSTRACT

This study aims to review the research progress on the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive function in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) with the view of providing references for clinical application. As a common chronic mental disorder, GAD affects the cognitive function, the quality of life and social function of patients. Although first-line treatment is safe and effective for the majority of patients, its effect of improving cognitive function is unclear. As a non-invasive and safe physiotherapy technology, rTMS is expected to provide a new option for the clinical treatment of GAD patients. This review focuses on the characteristics of cognitive function of GAD, the current status of first-line therapy and the treatment of rTMS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 695-698, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004457

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the quality of autologous platelet-rich plasma prepared by manual and automatic method and to study the clinical injection therapeutic effects in patient with knee arthritis. 【Methods】 28 patients with knee arthritis in Orthopedics Department of our hospital were enrolled. PRP was prepared manually in 12 patients and automatically in 16. The whole blood of 50~70 mL was drawn from 12 patients and prepared into PRP of 10 mL manually by centrifugation. The 20~30 mL PRP was collected by automatic apheresis. Plt, RBC, WBC and other related indexes of PRP were detected after collection. Among the 28 patients, 12 in the manual group received injection twice, while 16 in the automatic group 4 episodes, with an interval of 15~20 days. The treatment effect was evaluated after the last treatment. 【Results】 The PRP prepared by two methods can both reach the required quality standard of platelet counts..The patient′s pain symptoms relieved significantly after injection treatment and the effect was remarkable. There was no significant difference in clinical efficacy between the two groups. 【Conclusion】 The PRP prepared by manual and automatic methods can be used for injection treatment for patient with knee arthritis. The clinical therapeutic effects were good and worth promotion and application.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 685-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of using entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy for patients with small pancreatic ducts of less than 3 mm in diameter.Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy at Henan Province People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidences of complication including pancreatic fistula and abdominal hemorrhage were studied. The duration to carry out the pancreaticojejunostomy and postoperative hospital study were also analyzed.Results:Of 98 patients included in this study, there were 58 males and 40 females, with an average age of 62.3 (aged 24 to 73) years. The average time of completing the pancreaticoenterostomy was (10.2±3.1) min. There were 10 patients (10.2%) who developed grade A pancreatic fistulae. There were no grade B or C pancreatic fistulae, no portoperative bleeding and no perioperative deaths. The postoperative hospital stay was (13.4±4.6) days.Conclusion:Entrapped duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy was simple, quick, safe and effective in patients with small pancreatic ducts.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 52-54, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize our experience in diagnosis and treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome(BCS) accompanied with hepatic nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 33 patients with BCS accompanied with hepatic nodules who were treated at Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analysed. A total of 33 patients were enrolled, including 17 males and 16 females, with an average age of 51 years. Analyze the treatment and prognosis of different types of nodules.Results:Of 33 patients, 27 were diagnosed to have hepatocellular carcinoma and 6 benign proliferative nodules. Treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma included, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ( n=1) and hepatectomy ( n=26). The survival time of these patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ranged from 10.0 to 78.0 months (mean 37.8 months). For the remaining 6 patients with benign nodules, the nodules were multiple and no malignant changes were observed on follow-up. Conclusion:For patients with BCS associated with benign nodules, no specific treatment was required. Hepatocellular carcinoma assocated with BCS had good prognosis. An aggressive surgical resectional approach is recommended to treat and to relieve the hepatic outflow obstruction.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 820-825, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore application and effect evaluation of group prenatal care model in primiparas.Methods:A total of primiparas were recruited from December 2019 to May 2020 in the department of Obstetric clinic. Group prenatal care was carried out in the intervention group and the routine nursing was implemented in the control group. Positive capital Questionnaire and pregnancy outcome were used to evaluate the effects of intervention.Results:The scores of pre-intervention, intervention for one month and post-intervention of PPQ was (123.87±18.86), (130.70±13.41) and (142.23±8.37) respectively. Higher level of natural childbirth rate([86.7%] versus [63.3%]; χ2=4.356; P=0.037<0.05) and lower rate of perineal injury([16.7%] versus [43.3%]; χ2=5.079; P=0.024<0.05). The rate of exclusive breastfeeding during hospitalization ([90.0%] versus [66.7%]; χ2=4.812; P=0.028<0.05) after intervention as compared with those who received routine care. Conclusion:Group prenatal care intervention model can improve the level of positive psychological capital and pregnancy outcome.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 279-285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of positive psychological intervention based on PERMA model on the fear of cancer recurrence and psychological capital in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy.Methods:A total of 60 breast cancer patients who received chemotherapy from November 2019 to January 2020 were divided into intervention group and control group with 30 cases in each group. The control group received routine health education. On this basis, the intervention group was given 8 times of positive psychological intervention. The general situation questionnaire, Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form (FoP-Q-SF) and Positive Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PPQ) were used to evaluate the results of the two groups before and after intervention.Results:Before, 4 weeks after and 8 weeks after the intervention, the score of fear of cancer recurrence in the intervention group were 39.67±4.24, 34.60±3.78 and 31.17±3.60. The difference of the score of fear of cancer recurrence at different time points was statistically significant ( F value was 257.757, P<0.05). The scores of psychological capital were 113.20±19.75, 125.57±18.79 and 134.43±17.59. The difference of psychological capital level at different time points was statistically significant ( F value was 154.225, P<0.05). Conclusions:Positive psychological intervention based on PERMA model can reduce the fear of cancer recurrence in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy and improve their psychological capital level.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 922-927, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine on common type of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID -19) in Henan Province. Methods:A prospective single arm clinical study was performed. Patients with common type of COVID -19 admitted to seven designated hospitals for COVID -19 in Henan Province from January 25th to February 26th, 2020 were enrolled, and treated with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The negative transformation of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019 -nCoV) nucleic acid, disease outcome, hospital stay, clinical symptoms and signs scores, and chest imaging performance were observed. Results:Totally 86 cases were included in the analysis, including 48 males (55.8%), aged 43.5 (35.0, 53.3) years old, 24 patients (27.9%) with previous medical history. Fifty-eight patients were primarily diagnosed COVID -19 and 28 patients were transferred. The 2019 -nCoV nucleic acid of 86 cases (100%) turned negative, and the median time of turning negative was 10 (7, 14) days. Eighty-six cases (100%) were discharged from hospital, and none turned into the severe type; the average length of hospital stay was (13.8±5.6) days. The scores of fever, cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and fatigue decreased with the treatment time, and the scores of 7 days and 14 days after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment [fever (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 1 (0, 1); cough (points): 1 (0, 1), 0 (0, 1) vs. 1 (0, 2); chest tightness (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 0 (0, 1); shortness of breath (points): 0 (0, 0), 0 (0, 0) vs. 0 (0, 1); fatigue (points): 0 (0, 1), 0 (0, 1) vs. 1 (0, 1); all P < 0.05]. The improvement rate of X ray and CT image was 42.9% (12/28) and 81.0% (64/79), respectively. Conclusions:The treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine has good curative effect on common type of COVID -19 in 7 designated hospitals of Henan Province. It can improve the clinical symptoms, promote the absorption of pulmonary inflammation, and to some extent control the progress of disease and shorten the time of turning negative of virus nucleic acid and hospital stay.

20.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 527-529, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753304

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate cancer patients′nutritional status after operative treatment and analysis of risk factors for malnutrition, which provides the basis for maintaining patients′ nutrition support after discharge. Methods One hundred and thirty patients treated with tumor in Liuan Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University were investigated. The nutritional status of patients discharged from hospital was evaluated by subjective comprehensive assessment, and the risk factors of malnutrition when they were discharged from hospital were analyzed. Results In 130 patients, 76 patients (58.46%) were assessed as no or mild malnutrition, and 54 patients (41.54%) as moderate or severe malnutrition. Univariate analysis showed that body mass index < 18.5 kg/m2 at admission, nutritional risk screening 2002(NRS2002) ≥ 3 scores, smoking and drinking were related to the occurrence of malnutrition after tumor surgery (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that NRS2002≥3 scores at admission and smoking were independent risk factors for malnutrition at discharge (P < 0.05). Conclusions The incidence of malnutrition in patients after tumor surgery is high, and there are many risk factors. Therefore, early nutrition support should be provided to patients, and family nutrition intervention after discharge is also very necessary.

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