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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 423-429, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745074

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) on acute brain edema in mice in condition with targeted temperature management (TTM) following traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods A total of 180 male C57BL/6J mice were divided into control group,sham operation group,TBI group,TBI + Dex group,TBI + TTM group,and TBI + Dex + TTM group according to the random number table (n =30 per group).The sham operation group only opened the bone window but did not hit it,and the control group did not open the bone window.The TBI + Dex,TBI + TIM,and TBI + Dex + TTM groups were intraperitoneally injected with Dex (60 μg/kg once every 2 h for 3 times) and/or hypothermia after TBI.The brain tissue injury volume,EB extravasation and brain water content of each group were determined by toluidine blue,Evans blue staining and dry-wet weight method at 24 hours after injury.Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of Claudin-5 in the injured brain tissue.At 24,48,and 72 hours after injury,the neurological deficiency degree was assessed using the modified neurological severity scores (mNSS).Results Compared with the sham operation group,TBI mice showed significant increase in brain tissue injury volume [(0.49 ± 0.04)mm3 vs.(1 1.57 ± 1.01)mm3],blood-brain barrier permeability [(16.4 ± 0.8) μg/g vs.(54.3 ± 1.7) μg/g],brain tissue water content [(76.7 ± 0.9) % vs.(83.1 ± 0.8) %],and mNSS score [(1.6 ± 0.7) points vs.(13.4 ± 0.7) points] at 24 hour after TBI (all P < 0.01).However,Dex or TTM treatment reduced brain tissue injury volume [(7.20±0.18)mm3 and (5.94 ±0.18)mm3],blood-brain barrier permeability [(32.7 ± 1.2) μg/g and (27.6 ± 1.0) μg,/g],brain tissue water content [(78.5 ± 0.4) % and (78.2 ± 0.6) %],and neurological function [mNSS:(7.3 ± 1.1) points and (5.8 ± 1.3) points] (all P<0.01).Moreover,Dex + TTM group showed better neuroprotection [reduced brain tissue injury volume:(3.92 ± 0.05) mm3,reduced BBB permeability:(21.6 ± 0.7) μg/g,reduced brain water content:(77.7 ±0.3)%,and reduced mNSS:(4.3 ± 1.2) points] compared with Dex or TTM alone (all P < 0.01).Additionally,the mRNA expression of Claudin-5 (0.23 ± 0.01) decreased significantly at 24 hours after TBI compared with sham group (0.93 ± 0.04,P < 0.01),but Dex or TTM could increase the expression of Claudin-5 (0.47 ± 0.01,and 0.54 ± 0.09) compared with TBI group (P <0.01),especially that of TBI + Dex + TTM group (0.64 ± 0.02,P < 0.01).Furthermore,the protein expression of Claudin-5 was in accordance with the result of its mRNA expression.Conclusion Dex in condition with targeted temperature management can up-regulate Claudin-5 expression in early TBI,protect the integrity of blood-brain barrier,attenuate acute brain edema and neurological damage,and improve neurological function recovery.

2.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 861-864, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696923

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT features of pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)lymphoma. Methods The data of 20 cases with pathologically confirmed pulmonary MALT lymphoma were collected.All cases underwent CT plain and enhanced scan,and the CT features were analyzed retrospectively.Results Among the 20 cases,15 cases showed multiple consolidations,accompanied by mass and small nodules,1 case had solitary consolidation with multiple micronodules,2 cases had solitary consolidation,2 cases had diffuse micronodules.The sign of dilated air bronchograms was found in 10 cases with pulmonary consolidation lesions, reaching the margin of lesion.All lesions and masses were mildly and moderately homogenous enhanced.Pulmonary thin-wall cystic cavity was seen in 7 cases of diseased tissue and surrounding lung tissue.Conclusion CT manifestation of pulmonary MALT lymphoma mainly shows multiple lung consolidation,which includes the signs of consolidation with dilated air bronchograms,homogenous enhancement, and accompanying with signs such as mass,micronodules and pulmonary thin-wall cystic cavity.

3.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 646-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734133

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of radiofrequency ablation for treatment of discogenic lumbar spinal nerve posterior branch neuralgia after vertebral column endoscope operation. Methods Thirty-six patients with discogenic lumbar spinal nerve posterior branch neuralgia after vertebral column endoscope surgery admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Logistics University of People's Armed Police from December 2011 to December 2017 were enrolled. According to difference in therapeutic methods, they were randomly divided into two groups, 18 cases in each group. The radiofrequency ablation group was treated with X-ray imaging guided lumbar spinal nerve posterior branch radiofrequency thermo-coagulation; the drug group received oral diclofenac sodium conservative treatment, 75 mg twice daily for 3 weeks. Both groups were followed up for 6 months, visual analogue scores (VAS) were used to evaluate the pain before and after treatment, the Oswestry dysfunction index was used to assess the degree of lumbar function recovery, and the surgical complications and adverse drug reactions were observed. Results The VAS scores in the two groups were similar before treatment; after treatment for 1 month, the VAS scores in both groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (radiofrequency ablation group: 1.83±0.71 vs. 5.67±0.77; drug group: 2.22±0.43 vs. 5.28±0.67, both P < 0.05); after treatment for 3 months and 6 months, the VAS scores were increased gradually, however, the scores of radiofrequency ablation group were significantly lower than those in the drug group (3 months was 2.00±0.59 vs. 3.39±0.70, 6 months was 2.17±0.51 vs. 3.61±0.50, both P < 0.05), moreover, the excellent and good rates of postoperative pain efficacy and of Oswestry dysfunction index improvement in the radiofrequency ablation group were significantly higher than those in the drug group [excellent and good rates of postoperative pain efficacy: 94.44% (17/18) vs. 22.22% (4/18), excellent and good rates of Oswestry dysfunction index improvement: 77.78% (14/18) vs. 44.44% (8/18), both P < 0.05]. There were no complications of infection and spinal nerve anterior branch injury in the radiofrequency ablation group, and 6 patients in the drug group presented mild gastric discomfort, which was relieved after symptomatic treatment. Conclusion The radiofrequency ablation is an effective method for treatment of discogenic lumbar neuralgia after vertebral column operation, compared with the conservative therapy, the ablation is more effective to relieve pain for a long time, promote the recovery of neural function, and the operation is safe with very few adverse reactions.

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