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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910187


Objective:To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of indocyanine green (ICG) navigation in the surgical resection of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE).Methods:Seven women undergoing surgery for AWE in First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (from July 1, 2021 to October 1, 2021) were collected. After exposure of the focus, ICG were used intravenously (0.25 mg/kg) as fluorescent dye for the intraoperative evaluation of AWE vascularization. Resection of the AWE was guided by direct visualization of the focus under standard laparoscopy with a near-infrared (NIR) camera head. Surgical margin around the AWE (3, 6, 9 and 12 point) and the margin under the focus were obtained for postoperative pathological examination of endometriosis. Time from injection to fluorescence visualization, the proportion of fluorescence visualization, time of fully resection of AWE, side effects related to the use of ICG, perioperative complications as well as the pathological result of the surgical margins were recorded.Results:ICG fluorescence of the AWE were seen in 5 patients (5/7). The mean time from injection to fluorescence visualization was (46.7±9.8) s. The mean time of fully resection of AWE was (16.4±7.0) minutes. There were no side effects related to the use of ICG. The rate of class-A wound healing was 7/7. All of the surgical margins were confirmed endometriosis-negative by postoperative pathological examination.Conclusion:ICG fluorescence visualization could conduct accurate resection of AWE, which is clinically safe and effective.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 750-754, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693313


Objective To observe the analgesic effect of compound coeruleum methylene blue preparation after thoracoscopic surgery,and to provide a new idea for the choice of analgesic drugs for thoracoscopic patients.Methods The clinical data of 116 patients who underwent selective thoracoscopic surgery in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery of Jieyang People's Hospital from January 2016 to May 2018 were analyzed.This study was a prospective study.Research subjects were divided into control group (n =57) and observation group (n =59) by random digital table.In the two groups,no analgesic measures were used in advance,of which the patients in the control group were given the routine injection of piperidine hydrochloride by intramuscular injection after operation.While patients in the observation group were given intercostal nerve block across the upper and lower fibs after operation,and the dosage of compound methylene blue was 1 ml in each rib.on the basis with pethidine hydrochloride.The visual analog score and Ramsay sedation score were compared between the two groups of patients at 4 h,12 h 24 h and 48 h after operation and compared the use of pethidine hydrochloride,adverse drug reactions,ambulation time and hospitalization time.The counting data was expressed in terms of frequency and percentage (%).The measurement data were represented by ((x) ± s).The comparison of different time points within the group was performed by single-factor analysis of variance,and the comparison between the two groups was performed by independent sample t test.Results Compared with the control group's patients [in resting state,12 h:(3.85 ± 1.97) points;24 h:(2.74 ± 1.91) points;48 h:(2.11 ± 1.70) points;in activity state,12 h:(5.02 ± 1.64) points;24 h:(4.89 ± 1.36) points;48 h:(3.83 ± 1.51) points],the VAS scores of the patients in the observation group in resting state [12 h:(2.68 ± 1.24) points;24 h:(1.35 ± 1.16) points;48 h:(0.74 ± 0.63) points] and activity state[12 h:(3.81 ±1.53) points;24 h:(3.25±1.71) points;48 h:(2.42± 1.33)points] were significantly lower at 12 h,24 h and 48h after operation.Compared with the control group's patients 12 h [(2.58 ± 0.41) points] and 24 h [(2.29 ± 0.34) points],the Ramsay scores were significantly higher at 12 h[(2.93 ±0.35)points] and 24 h [(2.79 ±0.30)points] after operation (P<0.05).The observation group's amount of piperidine hydrochloride was less,and the ambulation and hospitalization time were shorter than the control group's (P < 0.05).The incidence of analgesia-related adverse reactions in the control group and the observation group were 35.09% and 27.12%,respectively,with no significant difference (P > 0.05).Conclusions Compound coeruleum methylenum's analgesic effect after thoracoscopic surgery is accurate and maintains long time,and the side effects are less and the operation is convenient.It is worthy of clinical application.

Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 5011-5016, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615310


Objective:In this study,a series of experiments were conducted to research the mechanism of anticancer and preliminary molecular effects of PAMs on the HEPG-2 cancer cells.Methods:Morphological observation and MTT assay were used to explore the inhibition and killing effect of PAMs acting on HEPG-2.AO/EB staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining were employed to observe the apoptosis of HEPG-2 treated with PAMs.The expression level of Foxm1,bcl-2 and others genes in HEPG-2 cells were detected by using qRT-PCR and western blot.Wound healing and transwell experiments determined if PAMs can inhibit the migration of HEPG-2.Results:PAMs can inhibit and kill HEPG-2 cells in time and dose-dependent manners,and the cytotoxic effects were closely related to the cell apoptosis.The mRNA expression of foxm1,bcl-2 and surviving gene were remarkably decreased in HEPG-2 cells after the treatment of PAMs.PAMs decreased the FoXM1 protein expression in HEPG-2 cells,while up-regulating thep53 protein expression.,and it could also inhibit the migration of cancer cells.Conclusions:The possible molecular mechanism for the killing of HEPG-2 cancer cells by PAMs was proposed.By down-regulating the expression of foxm1 and up-regulating the expression of p53,the transcriptional expression of their downstream target genes survivin and bcl-2 was inhibited or reduced,hence enhancing the cancer cell apoptosis.This study provides an important foundation for the development of anti-cancer Chinese folk medicine based on PAMs.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609894


[Objective] To investigate the role SPAG5 play in ovarian adenocarcinoma cell mitosis,Taxol sensitivity and ovarian high grade serous carcinoma patients' prognosis.[Methods] Transient knockdown of SPAG5 in SKOV3 cell were performed,and MTT assay and cell cycle flow cytometry assay were carried out.IHC staining of SPAG5 protein in 110 high grade serous carcinoma patients' tumor tissues were performed,and the expression were analyzed with clinical data and prognosis.Finally,SPAG5 were knocked down in OVCAR3 A2780 and SKOV3 cells followed by 0.5μM Taxol treatment,MTT assay were performed to detect cell viability.[Results] SPAG5 knockdown inhibited cell mitosis of ovarian adenocarcinoma cell SKOV3 by G2/M arrest.High grade serous carcinoma patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy gained the expression of SPAG5.Patients without neoadjuvant chemotherapy with low SPAG5 expression have poor progress free survival,especially in early stage patients.Patients with low SPAG5 expression also have poorer overall survival,but the difference was not statistically significant.Furthermore,SPAG5 knockdown in OVCAR3 A2780 and SKOV3 cells reduced Taxol sensitivity.[Conclusion] SPAG5 regulated cell mitosis and promoted cell proliferation in ovarian adenocarcinoma cell lines.Expression of SPAG5 in patients' tumor tissues predicted patients' prognosis and Taxol sensitivity.As the results,individualized treatment of high grade serous carcinoma patients is necessary.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489230


Objective To investigate the long-term oncological outcomes of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) plus lymph node dissection (LND) and abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) plus LND for patients with stage Ⅰ a2-Ⅱ a2 cervical cancer.Methods A retrospective review of stage Ⅰ a2-Ⅱ a2 cervical cancer patients who underwent LRH + LND (n=372) and ARH + LND (n=434) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from Jan.2005 to Aug.2013 was performed.Individual patient matching was performed by the risk factors for recurrence [tumor size,lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI),depth of cervical stromal invasion,lymph node metastasis,parametrialinvolvement,and resection margin involvement] between two groups.After matched,a total of 203 patient pairs (LRH-ARH) were enrolled.The survival data,surgery data,intraoperative and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.To assess the prognosis factors,the univariate and multivariate Cox's proportional hazards modelanalysis were conducted.Stratified analysis was performed based on the independent prognosis factors to investigate the survival data between the two surgery groups.Results (1) Surgery data:The operating time [(239±44) vs (270±42) minutes],estimated blood loss [(210± 129) vs (428±320) ml],the duration of bowel motility return [(2.0±0.8) vs (3.0± 1.6) days] and hospital stay [(11 ±6) vs (13±6) days] in the LRH group were significantly shorter than those in ARH group (all P<0.01).(2) Intraoperative and postoperative complications:The intraoperative complications rate was similar betweentwo groups [6.4%(13/203) vs 6.9%(14/203),P=1.000].The rate of postoperative complications (excluded bladder dysfunction) in the LRH group were significantly lower than those in the ARH group [9.4% (19/203) vs 20.2% (41/203),P=0.002].While there was no significant difference in the rates of bladder dysfunction between two groups [36.5% (74/203) vs 37.4% (76/203),P=0.910].(3) Recurrence and survival data:There was no significant difference in the recurrence rates between the LRH group and ARH groups [7.9% (16/203) vs 9.4% (19/203),P=0.850].There were similar 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS;92.1% vs 91.1%,P=0.790) and 5-year overall survival (OS;93.7% vs 96.1%,P=0.900).(4) Prognosis factor:In univariate analysis,the results showed that tumor size,International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage,adjuvant therapy,LVSI,stromal invasion,parametrium invasion,pelvic lymph node metastasis,and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were significantly associated with poor prognosis (all P<0.01).However,age,body mass index (BMI),surgery type,histological type,grade were not significantly associated with poor prognosis (all P>0.05).The multivariate analysis results,showed that tumor size,pelvic lymph node metastasis,and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were significantly associated with poor prognosis (all P<0.01).Stratified analysis showed that,even in patients with tumor size >4 cm,pelvic lymph node metastasis positive,and para-aortic lymph node metastasis positive in all subgroups,there were not significant difference for the estimated 5-year RFS and 5-year OS between LRH and ARH group (all P>0.05).Conclusion For patients with stage Ⅰ a2-Ⅱ a2 cervical cancer,LRH plus lymph node dissection is an oncologically safe and surgical feasible alternative to ARH.