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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) in metabolic regulation of trastuzumab-resistant gastric cancer cells and investigate the mechanism of RUNX3 knockdown-mediated reversal of trastuzumab resistance.@*METHODS@#We performed a metabolomic analysis of trastuzumab-resistant gastric cancer cells (NCI N87R) and RUNX3 knockdown cells (NCI N87R/RUNX3) using ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled with Q Exactive Focus Orbitrap mass spectrometry (MS). Multivariate combined with univariate analyses and MS/MS ion spectrums were used to screen the differential variables. MetaboAnalyst 5.0 database was employed for pathway enrichment analysis. Differential metabolites-genes regulatory relationships were constructed based on OmicsNet database. The changes in GSH/GSSG and NADPH/NADP ratios in NCI N87R/RUNX3 cells were measured using detection kits.@*RESULTS@#The metabolic profile of NCI N87R cells was significantly altered after RUNX3 knockdown, with 81 differential metabolites identified to contribute significantly to the classification, among which 43 metabolites were increased and 38 were decreased (P < 0.01). In NCI N87R cells, RUNX3 knockdown resulted in noticeable alterations in 8 pathways involving glutamine metabolism, glycolysis, glycerophospholipid, nicotinate-nicotinamide and glutathione metabolism, causing also significant reduction of intracellular GSH/GSSG and NADPH/NADP ratios (P < 0.01). The differential metabolites-genes network revealed a regulatory relationship between the metabolic molecules and genes.@*CONCLUSION@#RUNX3 reverses trastuzumab resistance in gastric cancer cells by regulating energy metabolism and oxidation-reduction homeostasis and may serve as a potential therapeutic target for trastuzumab-resistant gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Core Binding Factor Alpha 3 Subunit/genetics , Glutathione Disulfide , Humans , Metabolomics , NADP , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Trastuzumab/pharmacology
2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 380-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923719

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the origin of infection and risk factors of a case with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with overseas countries in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the evidence for improving the COVID-19 control measures at ports.@*Methods@#Ningbo Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) and Beilun CDC conducted case finding and epidemiological surveys immediately after being informed. The general information, history of vaccination and the travel during the latest 14 days were collected from the positive case, and all close contacts were tracked. Saliva samples were collected for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing and whole-genome sequencing, and the sequencing results were aligned with the GISAID's EpiCoV database. The origin of infection and transmission route of the positive case was investigated.@*Results@#A case was identified positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid during company M's routine screening in the Ningbo-Zhoushan Port on August 10, 2021, and was confirmed positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid by Beilun CDC and Ningbo CDC on August 11. Whole-genome sequencing showed SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 ( Delta ) variant, which shared the highest homology with the virus sequence uploaded by Russia on June, 2021 ( Russia/MOW-RII-MH27356S/2021 ). The case was a bundling worker for overseas container ships, and reported communicated with foreign boatmen and contacted materials without protected interventions on the SINOKOR AKITA Container Ship between August 4 and 5, 2021. This ship anchored at Vladivostok, Russia from July 27 to 29, anchored at Ningbo Harbor on August 4, and departed on August 5. Then, 11 boatmen from this ship were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid on August 8. One asymptomatic case was reported in this epidemic; 254 close contacts and 617 secondary close contacts were identified, and all were tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid. No new cases with SARS-CoV-2 infections were detected until August 25, 2021, and the emergency response was therefore terminated.@*Conclusions@#The infection was a sporadic COVID-19 epidemic associated with overseas countries, which was caused by Delta variant infection through contacts with foreign boatmen or materials by a bundling worker in Ningbo-Zhoushan Port; fortunately, no epidemic spread occurred. Intensified closed-loop management and increased frequency of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among high-risk populations, and improving the precision and rapid emergency treatment of COVID-19 epidemics are required for the containment of COVID-19 at ports.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943028

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyzed perioperative safety of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) for patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis (CRPM) and to construct a predictive model for serious advese events (SAE). Methods: A descriptive case-series study was conducted to retrospectively collect the clinicopathological data and treatment status (operation time, number of organ resection, number of peritoneal resection, and blood loss, etc.) of 100 patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer or appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma who underwent CRS at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2019 to August 2021. There were 53 males and 47 females. The median age was 52.0 (39.0-61.8) years old. Fifty-two patients had synchronous peritoneal metastasis and 48 had metachronous peritoneal metastasis. Fifty-two patients received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. Primary tumor was located in the left colon, the right colon and the rectum in 43, 28 and 14 cases, respectively. Fifteen patients had appendix mucinous adenocarcinoma. Measures of skewed distribution are expressed as M (range). Perioperative safety was analyzed, perioperative grade III or higher was defined as SAE. Risk factors associated with the occurrence of SAEs were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. A nomogram was plotted by R software to predict SAE, the efficacy of which was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and correction curves. Results: The median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) score was 16 (1-39). Sixty-eight (68.0%) patients achieved complete tumor reduction (tumor reduction score: 0-1). Sixty-two patients were treated with intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion chemotherapy (HIPEC). Twenty-one (21.0%) patients developed 37 SAEs of grade III-IV, including 2 cases of ureteral injury, 6 cases of perioperative massive hemorrhage or anemia, 7 cases of digestive system, 15 cases of respiratory system, 4 cases of cardiovascular system, 1 case of skin incision dehiscence, and 2 cases of abdominal infection. No grade V SAE was found. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CEA (OR: 8.980, 95%CI: 1.428-56.457, P=0.019), PCI score (OR: 7.924, 95%CI: 1.486-42.259, P=0.015), intraoperative albumin infusion (OR: 48.959, 95%CI: 2.115-1133.289, P=0.015) and total volume of infusion (OR: 24.729, 95%CI: 3.956-154.562, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for perioperative SAE in CRS (all P<0.05). Based on the result of multivariate regression models, a predictive nomogram was constructed. Internal verification showed that the AUC of the nomogram was 0.926 (95%CI: 0.872-0.980), indicating good prediction accuracy and consistency. Conclusions: CRS is a safe and effective method to treat CRPM. Strict screening of patients and perioperative fluid management are important guarantees for reducing the morbidity of SAE.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/therapy , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Appendiceal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 397-401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923206

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the applicability of two risk assessment methods for occupational health risk assessment in enterprises with 1-bromopropane(1-BP) production and utilization. METHODS: Three enterprises with 1-BP production and utilization were selected as the research subjects by a typical sampling method. The exposure concentration of time-weighted average of 1-BP-exposed in worker was detected. The non-carcinogenic health risk of 1-BP was assessed using the USA Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) inhalation risk(EPA assessment model) and the Ministry of Manpower of Singapore(MOM assessment model), and the results were compared. RESULTS: When the EPA method was used for the assessment, the risk assessment results of the four posts in the manufacturing enterprises were all negligible. In the enterprises that use 1-BP, the posts of cleaning machine B and clamping were of medium risk and the other four posts were of low risk based on the occupational exposure limit(OEL) in China used as the reference exposure concentration(RfC). When the 24-hour minimal risk level of USA Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry was used as the RfC, the posts of cleaning machine B and clamping were of extreme high risk; the posts in cleaning machine A and checking were of high risk; the post in the cleaning machine D was of medium risk and the post of cleaning machine C was of low risk. When the MOM assessment model was used for evaluation, the four posts were of low risk in the 1-BP production enterprises. In the enterprises that use 1-BP, the posts of cleaning machine B and clamping were of high risk; the posts of cleaning machine A, cleaning machine D and checking were of medium risk; and the post of cleaning machine C was of low risk. CONCLUSION: When the OEL value is used for risk assessment, the MOM assessment method is more suitable than the EPA assessment method to assess occupational health risks of 1-BP.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876850

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the quality of the clinical trial literatures published on the treatment of COVID-19 with TCM, find out the shortcomings and put forward corresponding suggestions, in order to promote TCM against COVID-19. Methods "COVID-19", "New Coronavirus Pneumonia", "TCM", "Chinese Medicine", "Clinical Trial", "Lianhua Qingwen", "Huoxiang Zhengqi", "Jinhua Qinggan", and other keywords were used to search relevant literatures in CNKI and PubMed database. Among the all the screened relevant literatures on the treatment of COVID-19 with TCM, the literature quality was assessed according to evaluation criteria of clinical trial literatures. Results A total of 463 papers related to the treatment of COVID-19 with TCM were obtained. 440 papers on theoretical research on the network pharmacology mechanism of Chinese medicine treatment of COVID-19 were excluded. Among the 23 articles included in the quality analysis, there are 3 randomized controlled studies, 1 multi-center prospective randomized controlled trial, 2 disease case report trials, and 5 uncontrolled single arm studies, 5 controlled trials and 7 retrospective studies. In the period of more than half a year, although many clinical trial documents of TCM for the treatment of COVID-19 have been published, the clinical trial design reflected in most TCM clinical trials were not standardized. There are problems in "randomness and rationality", such as no control group, no randomization design, only case studies, no blinding method in controlling bias, and insufficient objectivity in the evaluation criteria of efficacy. All of these need to be improved. Conclusion The treatment of new coronavirus pneumonia with TCM still requires more and standardized clinical trial verifications and publications to generate strong evidence-based results, such as adding control groups, increasing sample size, and using blinding methods to increase the credibility of clinical trials.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether the cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS+HIPEC) can improve the survival rate of colorectal cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. Methods: The relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database, and the study of French Elias' team on peritoneal metastasis was retrieved manually. Inclusion criteria: (1) The patients were colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis. (2) There were CRS+HIPEC treatments (treatment group) and other treatments (control group). (3) Survival analysis data of treatment group and control group were available. (4) Types of studies were randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies. (5) The literature was in Chinese or English. Exclusion criteria: (1) studies without full-text; (2) studies without complete data. The literature screening and data extraction were carried out by two people independently, and the third person decided on the literature with differences. The extracted data included authors, year of publication, number of patients, time of enrollment, time of follow-up, studies design, treatment regimen, hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of treatment group and control groups. If the HR and 95% CI of the treatment group and control group were not provided in the literature, Engauge Digitizer 11.1 software was used to extract the time of follow-up and the survival rate at the corresponding time point from the survival curves of both groups, and the HR and 95% CI of both groups were calculated by combining the number of both groups. The quality of study was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) or Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk bias. STATA 15.1 software was used for statistical analysis. HR and 95% CI of both groups were pooled and analyzed. Inter-trial heterogeneity was assessed by Q test and I(2) statistics. When there was no significant heterogeneity (Q test: P≥0.10), fixed-effect model was used for pooled analysis. When significant heterogeneity existed (Q test: P<0.10), random effect model was used for pooled analysis, and subgroup analysis was used to find out the source of heterogeneity. Sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the pooled results. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test and Begg's test (P<0.05 indicated publication bias) and it is reflected by the visual symmetry of Begg's funnel plot on the natural logarithm of HR. Results: A total of 10 studies were enrolled in the meta-analysis, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 9 cohort studies. The risk of bias in 1 randomized controlled trial was uncertain, and 9 cohort studies were all higher than 7 points, indicating high quality literatures. There were 781 patients in treatment group receiving CRS+HIPEC and 2452 patients in control group receiving other treatment, including tumor cytoreductive surgery (CRS), palliative chemotherapy (PC) and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC). The results of pooled analysis by random effect model showed that the OS rate in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group (HR=0.43, 95% CI: 0.34-0.54), but the heterogeneity of the study was high (P=0.024, I(2)=52.9%). The subgroup analysis of different control treatments showed that the OS rate in treatment group was significantly higher than that in CRS control group (HR=0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.90), in PC control group (HR=0.37, 95% CI: 0.32-0.43), in CRS+ IPC control group (HR=0.60, 95% CI: 0.37-0.96), and the heterogeneity of each subgroup was low (CRS control group: P=0.255, I(2)=22.9%; PC control group: P=0.222, I(2)=29.9%; CRS+IPC control group: P=0.947, I(2)=0). Due to the low heterogeneity of subgroups, fixed-effect models were used to pool and analysis. The results of sensitivity analysis revealed that there was little difference between the pooled analysis results after each study was deleted, suggesting that the pooled analysis results were more reliable. Publication bias detection of each study showed Begg's test (P=0.088) >0.05 and Egger's test (P=0.138)>0.05. According to the Begg's funnel plot, the scatter point distribution was basically symmetric, indicating that there was no publication bias in the included study. Conclusion: CRS+HIPEC can improve the OS of patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy , Peritoneal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Survival Rate
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942971

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is one of the difficult problems in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Based on several retrospective analyses of large samples and prospective randomized controlled studies (RCTs), NCCN and PSOGI recommend cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for selected CRC patients with mild to moderate PC. There are two important controversial issues in this field: the survival benefit of second-look surgery plus HIPEC for the patients with high risk of PC, and the specific benefit of HIPEC added to CRS for patients with PC. PROPHYLOCHIP found that second-look surgery plus HIPEC in patients at high risk of PC does not result in increased survival. PRODIGE 7 showed that overall survival (OS, 41.7 months vs. 41.2 months, P=0.99) and recurrence-free survival (RFS, 13.1 months vs. 11.1 months, P=0.43) were similar between the HIPEC group and non-HIPEC group, and suggested that HIPEC is not necessary for patients who underwent complete CRS. However, due to a series of problems in the design and implementation of this trial, the conclusion has caused great controversy and has not been widely recognized. Through detailed analysis and in-depth discussion, we believe that the benefit of HIPEC could not be denied according to PRODIGE 7. CRS + HIPEC is the embodiment and model of the concept of "Solid tumor treatment is surgery-based integrated treatment". CRS is the cornerstone of therapeutic strategies with curative intent for CRC PC and complete CRS is the key to improve the prognosis. Furthermore, HIPEC is an effective supplement to CRS.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Peritoneal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870102

ABSTRACT

Diabetes diet management plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. "Controlling diet" is the most basic and important part of diabetes treatment. Patients with mild diabetes can control blood glucose through diet therapy. Effective diet management assessment can quickly discover the deficiencies of diet self-management in diabetic patients. Artificial intelligence is widely used in the medical field. This article will briefly introduce the role and application progress of artificial intelligence technology in diabetes diet management, including diet recommendation and automatic monitoring.

10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 475-492, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826785

ABSTRACT

Increased microglial activation and neuroinflammation within autonomic brain regions such as the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) have been implicated in stress-induced hypertension (SIH). Prorenin, a member of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS), can directly activate microglia. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of prorenin on microglial activation in the RVLM of SIH rats. Rats were subjected to intermittent electric foot-shocks plus noise, this stress was administered for 2 h twice daily for 15 consecutive days, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were monitored. The results showed that MAP and RSNA were augmented, and this paralleled increased pro-inflammatory phenotype (M1) switching. Prorenin and its receptor (PRR) expression and the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) activation were increased in RVLM of SIH rats. In addition, PLX5622 (a microglial depletion agent), MCC950 (a NLRP3 inhibitor), and/or PRO20 (a (Pro)renin receptor antagonist) had antihypertensive effects in the rats. The NLRP3 expression in the RVLM was decreased in SIH rats treated with PLX5622. Mito-tracker staining showed translocation of NLRP3 from mitochondria to the cytoplasm in prorenin-stimulated microglia. Prorenin increased the ROS-triggering M1 phenotype-switching and NLRP3 activation, while MCC950 decreased the M1 polarization. In conclusion, upregulated prorenin in the RVLM may be involved in the pathogenesis of SIH, mediated by activation of the microglia-derived NLRP3 inflammasome. The link between prorenin and NLRP3 in microglia provides insights for the treatment of stress-related hypertension.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823092

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pharmacological mechanism of Chaihudaxiong mixture in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on a network pharmacology approach. Methods The effective ingredients and targets of Chaihudaxiong mixture were collected from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The targets’ names were standardized by Uniprot database. Genes associated with coronavirus were obtained from the GeneCards and OMIM, which were intersected with effective therapeutic targets. A "herbs-ingredients-targets" network was compiled and analyzed by Cytoscape 3.7.2. The protein-protein interaction of the targets was analyzed by String. The GO gene annotation and KEGG signaling pathway analysis were performed using related packages of the R software. Results A total of 165 active ingredients and 51 targets were collected. Further analysis revealed that the main active ingredients were β-sitosterol and 11 flavonoids. The core targets were CASP3, MAPK3, IL-6, MAPK8, IL-10, CXCL8, MAPK1 and IL-1B. A total of 1722 GO entries were obtained from the GO gene annotation (P<0.05), including 1612 entries for biological processes, 30 entries for cell composition, and 80 entries for molecular functions. 156 signaling pathways (P<0.05) were obtained with KEGG signaling pathway screen. The important signaling pathways were AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complication, Influenza A, IL-17 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway and hepatitis B. Conclusion This study revealed the synergistic features of multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway of Chaihudaxiong mixture in the treatment of COVID-19, which provided an important scientific basis for further understanding the mechanism of Chaihudaxiong mixture in the treatment of COVID-19.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804604

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease in Zhejiang province between 2009 and 2017, so that scientific evidence could be provided for prevention and control of hand, foot and mouth disease.@*Methods@#Spatial, temporal and population distribution of HFMD was analyzed. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase cain reaction was used to test Enterovirus A71 and Coxsackievirus A16 in samples.@*Results@#Between 2009 and 2017, 1 108 093 HFMD cases were reported in Zhejiang with the prevalence of 226.24/100000; 2010, 2012, 2014 and 2016 had a higher prevalence than other years. Prevalence of HFMD peaked in April-July and September-October. Wenzhou, Taizhou and Ningbo had a higher prevalence than other cities. In total, 69.27% cases were children who were not enrolled in nursery school, and 65.67% were 1-3 years old. Pathogen surveillance showed that EV-A71 decreased in mild cases, whereas other enterovirus increased. However EV-A71 was still predominant in severe and fatal cases (56.0%).@*Conclusions@#Temporal and spatial distribution of HFMD is characteristic in Zhejiang province. EV-A71 predominated in severe cases and fatal cases, while other enterovirus (non-EV-A71, non CV-A16) were the main pathogen for mild cases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 666-672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of domestic surgical treatment of synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer in China.@*Methods@#Clinicopathological data of patients who underwent surgery from October 2003 to October 2018 in 16 domestic medical centers was retrospectively analyzed. Excel database was created which covered 77 fields of 7 parts: baseline information of patients, laboratory tests, imaging tests, chemoradiotherapy information, intra-operative findings, postoperative pathology and follow-up data. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. The χ2 test was used for comparison of the categorical data between groups. The survival curve was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method.@*Results@#Of the 1 003 patients, there were 575 male and 428 female patients with the age of (58.5±14.1) years (range: 18 to 92 years). In a total of 920 patients, the carcinoma of sigmoid colon was performed in 292 cases (31.8%) with the highest ratio. The proportion of patients with liver metastasis and lung metastasis were 27.9% (219/784) and 8.3% (64/769). Preoperative detection of carcino-embryonic antigen level was the most common method in China (87.74%, 880/1 003), and the positive rate was 64.5% (568/880). The correct rate of preoperative imaging tests was 40.7% (280/688). The ratio of peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) scores between 0 and 10 was the highest (59.6%, 170/285). Two hundred and sixty-two (27.0%) patients were performed by totally laparoscopic operation in 971 patients. The resection of primary tumor was performed in 588 of the 817 patients (72.0%). In a total of 457 cases, 253 (55.4%) patients were performed cytoreduction which group scored completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) 0. The postoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy was implemented in 70 of the 334 cases (21.0%). Among 1 003 cases, 562 cases (56.03%) had complete follow-up data and the median overall survival was 15 months. The primary tumor resection and the CCR scores were affected by the PCI scores. The patients underwent primary tumor resection (187/205 vs. 26/80, χ2=105.085, P=0.000) and the patients were performed cytoreduction which scored CCR 0 or CCR 1 (162/204 vs. 8/78, Z=-10.465, P=0.000) had significant difference between the groups of PCI<20 and ≥20. There was a close correlation between the surgical method and the CCR scores (Z=-3.246,P=0.001).When the maximum degree of tumor reduction was planned, most surgeons would choose laparotomy. The overall survival time was longer in patients with primary tumor resection (P=0.000). The median survival time was 18.6 months in the group of primary tumor resection.@*Conclusions@#It is difficult to diagnose the synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer before the operation. Primary tumor resection has an obvious effect to prolong the survival time. It is necessary to standardize the treatment of peritoneal metastasis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the accuracy of paralleling technique in measuring the depth of approximal infrabony pocket after periodontal flap surgery by comparing the measured and actual depths.@*METHODS@#The study population included 26 patients with infrabony defects who had undergone periodontal flap surgery, bone graft surgery, and guided tissue regene-ration. The measured and actual depths of approximal infrabony pocket after periodontal flap surgery were compared. The 26 infrabony defects were categorized into the following groups according to tooth position: anterior teeth, premolar, and molar groups, and according to type of infrabony pocket: one-walled, two-walled, and three-walled infrabony pocket groups. Paired t-test was used to detect the difference between the two values.@*RESULTS@#Depth measurements of the approximal infrabony pocket depth of the anterior teeth and premolar were not significantly different (P>0.05), whereas those of the molar group were significantly different (P0.05), whereas those in the three-walled infrabony pocket group were significantly different (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Paral-leling technique can accurately measure the depth of approximal infrabony pockets of anterior teeth and premolar teeth that are one- or two-walled. However, this method cannot accurately measure the approximal infrabony pockets of molar teeth and three-walled infrabony pockets as indicated by significant differences in their depth measurements.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Transplantation , Humans , Molar , Oral Surgical Procedures , Periodontal Pocket
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1075-1081, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780184

ABSTRACT

Five alkaloids were isolated from a decoction of Uncaria rhynchophylla by a combination of various chromatographic techniques, including macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and reversed phase HPLC. Their structures were characterized by comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data as monoterpene indole alkaloids (+)-(7R)-3-oxo-7-hydroxy-3,7-seco-dihydrorhynchohylline (1), (+)-(7S)-3-oxo-7-hydroxy-3,7-seco-dihydrorhyncho-hylline (2), (+)-(7R)-3-oxo-7-hydroxy-3,7-seco-rhynchohylline (3) and (+)-(7S)-3-oxo-7-hydroxy-3,7-seco-rhynchohylline (4), and a β-carboline alkaloid 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-oxo-β-carboline (5). Among them, 1 and 2 are new compounds, 3 and 4 are new natural products that were semi-synthesized from isorhynchohylline with incorrect specific rotations, and 5 is isolated for the first time from the genus Uncaria.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 54-60, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778661

ABSTRACT

The solubility of nebivolol hydrochloride was determined in acidic aqueous media in the absence and presence of different concentration of NaCl, NaBr, or NaI at 37 ℃ in order to facilitate proper selection of dissolution media that have adequate discriminating power for enhancing the likelihood of a generic drug product to successfully pass in-vivo bioequivalence test. In the range of pH 5.0 to pH 1.0, the solubility of nebivolol hydrochloride decreased with the decrease in the pH of aqueous solution, and the solubility of nebivolol hydrochloride further decreased with the increase in the concentration of added sodium chloride. The solubility decrease of a few weakly basic drug molecules in acidic media and in higher concentration of added chloride was published previously by other researchers, and the observed decrease in the solubility in the presence of higher chloride concentration was interpreted in terms of common-ion effect. However, the results in this paper showed that the solubility of nebivolol hydrochloride also decreased when sodium chloride was replaced with sodium bromide or iodide. The approach described in this paper (i.e. substituting sodium chloride with sodium bromide or iodide) provides an effective method to verify whether common-ion effect is the true (or at least the sole) driving force behind the observed decrease in the solubility of nebivolol hydrochloride in the presence of sodium chloride. The solubility decrease reported in this paper can be interpreted in terms of salting-out effect of sodium chloride, bromide, and iodide. For hydrochloride salt of a weakly basic drug molecule like nebivolol hydrochloride, its solubility in an acidic dissolution medium can be purposely decreased to the lower end of sink condition by adding sodium chloride to make the resulting medium more discriminating. As shown in this paper, a medium at pH 1.2 with added sodium chloride is discriminating and this medium is shown to be bio-relevant to the in-vivo data collected under fasting condition (in-vivo study protocol was approved by Institutional Review Board).

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777503

ABSTRACT

Eight C_(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids( 1-8) were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of 95% ethanol extract of the ground roots of Aconitum austroyunnanense through various column chromatographies on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20 and MCI gel.Their structures were elucidated as 14α-benzoyloxy-13β,15α-dihydroxy-1α,6α,8β,16β,18-pentamethoxy-19-oxoaconitan( 1),N-deethylaconitine( 2),spicatine B( 3),leucanthumsine A( 4),acofamine B( 5),macrorhynine B( 6),aconitilearine( 7),and ambiguine( 8) based on their chemical and physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Compound 1 was a new compound and alkaloids 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Some isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for cytotoxic potential by employing the MTT method. As a result,alkaloid 1 exhibited weak cytotoxic activity against three tested tumor cell lines( A-549,He La,and Hep G2) with IC_(50) values less than 20 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Alkaloids , Diterpenes , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776714

ABSTRACT

Exosomes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important elements contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of cancer development and progression. The discovery of lncRNAs in exosomes further indicates their bona fide biological functional roles in cancer development and drug resistance. In this review, we describe the biogenesis of exosomes and summarize the function of exosomal lncRNAs in the field of cancer research. These findings strikingly advance current knowledge of exosomal lncRNAs and suggest that they may be promising diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for cancer.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Physiology , Humans , Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , RNA, Long Noncoding , Physiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture on the fatigue symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome, the potential symptoms and cytokines on the base of the theory as "interaction of brain and kidney" and explore its clinical therapeutic effects and the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. In the control group, oryzanol and vitamin B1 were prescribed for oral administration and the patients were required to have a proper rest and physical exercise. In the observation group, on the base of the theory as "interaction of brain and kidney", acupuncture was added to Baihui (BL 20), Fengchi (GB 20), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taixi (KI 3). The treatment was given once a day, 5 treatments a week, with 2 days break. The consecutive treatment for 4 weeks was required. Before and after treatment, the score of the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14), the score of the somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) and the score of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were observed in the patients of the two groups separately. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adopted to determine the levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interferon-γ (INF-γ) before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, FS-14 scores, SPHERE scores and PSQI scores were all reduced as compared with the scores before treatment in the two groups (<0.05, <0.01). After treatment, the levels of IL-6 and INF-γ in the serum in the observation group were reduced as compared with the levels before treatment (both <0.01). After treatment, the scores of FS-14, SPHERE and PSQI as well as the levels of serum IL-6 and INF-γ in the observation group were all lower than the results in the control group (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of the theory as "interaction of brain and kidney", acupuncture therapy relieves the fatigue symptoms and the potential symptoms and improves the sleep quality in the patients of chronic fatigue syndrome. The effect mechanism is probably related to the decrease of the levels of IL-6 and INF-γ in serum.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Therapeutics , Humans , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774433

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors, and its incidence and mortality are increasing year by year in China. In 2018, for the first time, the FIT-DNA test was written into the expert consensus as the recommended screening technology in China. As the core technology of colorectal cancer screening, colonoscopy for right colon cancer is further supported. With the application of artificial intelligence technology in colonoscopy, the efficiency and accuracy of screening will be greatly improved. New screening technologies represented by circulating tumor cell (CTC) and individualized screening programs based on molecular genetics are future directions. As the core of colorectal cancer treatment, surgery has become quite mature. Traditional laparoscopic surgery has become an optimal choice for colorectal cancer surgery. Open surgery, robotic surgery and single-incision laparoscopic surgery have not been found superior to multiport laparoscopic surgery. The focus of surgical research is to precisely select surgical methods, and to protect normal physiological function of patients. For example, in order to reduce complications and improve quality of life in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery after neoadjuvant radiotherapy, the "Tianhe surgery" was invented by the authors' team. Chemotherapy as the basis of colorectal cancer treatment has shown good results in many aspects: The PRODIGE-7 trial has confirmed that systemic chemotherapy is more important for colorectal peritoneal metastasis after high quality cytoreductive surgery (CRS). While the addition of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with oxaliplatin does not result in the better overall survival (OS), but increases the risk of postoperative complications. The FOWARC study has found that the FOLFOX regimen (oxaliplatin and fluorouracil) achieved a 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate similar to that of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, challenging the clinical value of radiotherapy. Although several studies have confirmed that total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) can improve pathological complete response (pCR) rate and DFS of patients with colorectal cancer, we do not recommend unretricted expansion of chemotherapy. How to combine the clinical characteristics and molecular biological markers to select high-risk groups for chemotherapy, and how to use personalized medicine according to the genetic characteristics of patients, are also hot spots of current research. Immunotherapy is a game-changer in all aspects of colorectal cancer. In order to adapt to the immune therapy, the efficacy evaluation standard of solid tumors (iRECIST) has been revised. Immune score could redefine tumor clinical staging system. Both the Checkmate-142 study for advanced tumors and the NCT03026140 study on neoadjuvant treatment for early tumors showed promising results. Although no significant progress has been seen in the EGFR-targeted therapy and VEGFR-targeted therapy, new targeted drugs such as Eltanexor (ETLA, kpt -8602) and cobimetinib (MEK inhibitor) have been found to be effective in clinical studies. According to the detection results of tumor-related signaling pathways in patients, cross-guidance selection of targeted drug therapy is also the direction of research. Although the IWWD research results give a big blow to the "watch and wait" strategy, with the exploration of TNT plan, more accurate imaging efficacy evaluation and the application of immunotherapy, the "watch and wait" strategy will also receive new attention. In recent years, we have seen the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology. Although it is still in the exploratory stage in the field of medicine, it will certainly reshape all aspects of colorectal cancer diagnosis and treatment in the future, leading the research direction.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Clinical Trials as Topic , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Early Detection of Cancer , Methods , Humans
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