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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 785-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912967

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is a common clinical manifestation in patients with advanced cancer, and pain treatment is a part of cancer treatment. The titration method of opiod drugs will be recommended for relieving pain in moderate-severe pain in order to improve the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer. Individualized pain control refers to the concept that different patients show different resistance responses to opiod drugs. This article briefly reviews the classification and mechanism of cancer pain, the titration method of opiod drugs in the cancer pain control and individualized application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888116

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Potentilla discolor on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzensulfonic acid(TNBS)-induced experimental ulcerative colitis(UC) in rats and to determine its therapeutic mechanism through mitochondrial autophagy, immune cells, and cytokines. A rat model of UC was established by TNBS-ethanol enema. Rats were divided into six groups: control, UC model, sulfasalazine(positive drug), and high-dose, moderate-dose, and low-dose ethanol extract groups. After 14-day continuous administration of the corresponding drugs, the disease activity index(DAI) and hematoxylin and eosin(HE) were evaluated. The morphological structure of mitochondria was observed by using transmission electron microscope(TEM), mitophagy-related mRNA expression was detected by using Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR), immune cell differentiation in rat serum was detected by using flow cytometry(FCM), and cytokine expression in colon tissues of rats was detected by protein microarray. The results showed that compared with the model group, each dose group of P. discolor could significantly reduce the DAI of UC model rats, and decrease the degree of inflammatory cells infiltration in the colon tissue of UC model rats. Meanwhile the expressions of T cells and Th cells in the serum increased significantly, the expression of Tc cells in the serum decreased significantly. Transmission electron microscope found that there was fusion of mitochondria and lysosomes in the colon tissue of the administration group. The expressions of mitochondrial autophagy related genes NF-κB, p62 and parkin were significantly increased in colon tissues. The results of protein chip showed that compared with the model group, the high dose group of P. discolor could significantly regulate the expression of cytokines. In conclusion, these results suggested that P. discolor improved TNBS-induced acute ulcerative colitis in rats by regulating the mitochondrial autophagy and the inflammatory factor expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Colon , Mitochondria , Potentilla/genetics , Rats
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904649

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the correlation between folate receptor-positive circulating tumor cells (FR+CTC) and the benign or malignant lesions of the lung, and to establish a malignant prediction model for pulmonary neoplasm based on clinical data, imaging and FR+CTC tests. Methods    A retrospective analysis was done on 1 277 patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2018 to December 2019, including 518 males and 759 females, with a median age of 57 (29-85) years. They underwent CTC examination of peripheral blood and had pathological results of pulmonary nodules and lung tumors. The patients were randomly divided into a trial group and a validation group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on the data of the two groups. Then the nomogram prediction model was established and verified internally and externally. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to test the differentiation of the model and calibration curve was used to test the consistency of the model. Results    Totally 925 patients suffered non-small cell lung cancer and 113 patients had benign diseases in the trial group; 219 patients suffered non-small cell lung cancer and 20 patients had benign diseases in the verification group. The FR+CTC in the peripheral blood of non-small cell lung cancer patients was higher than that found in the lungs of the patients who were in favorite conditions (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age≥60 years, female, FR+CTC value>8.7 FU/3 mL, positive pleural indenlation sign, nodule diameter, positive burr sign, consolidation/tumor ratio<1 were independent risk factors for benign and malignant lung tumors with a lesion diameter of ≤4 cm. Thereby, the nomogram prediction model was established. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the trial group was 0.918, the sensitivity was 86.36%, and the specificity was 83.19%. The AUC value of the verification group was 0.903, the sensitivity of the model was 79.45%, and the specificity was 90.00%, indicating nomogram model discrimination was efficient. The calibration curve also showed that the nomogram model calibration worked well. Conclusion    FR+CTC in the peripheral blood of non-small cell lung cancer patients is higher than that found in the lungs of the patients who carry benign pulmonary diseases. The diagnostic model of clinical stage Ⅰ non-small cell lung cancer established in this study owns good accuracy and can provide a basis for clinical diagnosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829207

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the characteristics and risk factors of lymph node metastasis in thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods    The clinical data of 407 patients with ESCC who underwent radical resection of esophageal carcinoma from December 2012 to October 2018 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 390 males and 17 females with a median age of 63 (38-82) years. Esophageal lesions were found in 26 patients of upper thoracic segment, 190 patients of middle thoracic segment and 191 patients of lower thoracic segment. Results    Among the patients, 232 (57.0%) were found to have cervical, thoracic and/or abdominal lymph node metastasis. The lymphatic metastasis rates of cervical, upper, middle, lower mediastinal nodes and abdominal nodes were 0.7%, 8.8%, 21.4%, 16.7% and 37.1%, respectively. The adjacent lymph node metastasis alone occurred in 50.0% patients, and the multistage or skip lymph node metastasis accounted for 29.3% and 20.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the length of esophageal lesion, T stage, degree of tumor differentiation, vascular cancer embolus and nerve invasion were independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis. Conclusion    The rates of lymph node metastasis are similar in the upper, middle and lower thoracic ESCC. The main pattern of lymph node metastasis is the adjacent lymph node metastasis, followed by multistage and skip lymph node metastases. The length of esophageal lesion, T stage, degree of tumor differentiation, vascular cancer embolus and nerve invasion are independent factors for lymph node metastasis. The operation and dissection range should be selected according to the location of tumor and the characteristics of the lesion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867041

ABSTRACT

Antidepressant therapy is effective for patients with major depressive disorder, however the mechanism is unclear and it is difficult to predict the efficacy objectively. At present, the changes of local spontaneous brain activity in patients with major depressive disorder after antidepressant treatment are mostly located in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus. The changes of brain function interaction involved in emotional circuit, default mode network, central executive network and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis.Future researches should optimize the experimental design, enlarge the sample size, reduce the sample heterogeneity, and compare the effects of different types of antidepressants. This paper reviews the effects of antidepressant therapy on brain function in patients with major depressive disorder from the perspective of resting fMRI, to promote our understanding of the mechanism of antidepressant therapy and to promote the discovery of objective biomarkers which can predict the response of antidepressant therapy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Toxoplasma gondii excretory-secretory antigens (ESA) on CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T (Treg) cells in mice carrying Lewis lung carcinoma, and examine the inhibitory effect of T. gondii ESA on tumor growth. Methods C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into the PBS group (n = 14) and the Lewis group (n = 34). Mice in the Lewis group were subcutaneously injected with 2 × 105 Lewis lung carcinoma cells in the right axilla, while animals in the PBS group were injected with the same volume of sterile PBS. On day 7 post-injection (D7), mice in the PBS group were further divided into the PBS2 group and the PBS2 + ESA group, of 7 mice in each group, and mice in the Lewis group were further divided into the Lewis2 group and the Lewis2 + ESA group, of 17 mice in each group. Then, mice in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μL of ESA. The mouse spleen coefficient was calculated in each group 7 days post-injection with ESA, and the changes of Treg cell counts and the long-term tumor growth were measured in tumor-bearing mice. Results The spleen coefficient was significantly greater in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the PBS2 (0.66% ± 0.09% vs. 0.30% ± 0.02%, P < 0.05) and Lewis2 groups (0.69% ± 0.07% vs. 0.33% ± 0.03%, P < 0.05) 7 days post-treatment with ESA, respectively, and the percentage of splenic Treg cells in splenocytes was significantly lower in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the PBS2 (1.28% ± 0.14% vs. 2.06% ± 0.07%, P < 0.05) and Lewis2 groups (1.58% ± 0.14% vs. 2.44% ± 0.23%, P < 0.05), respectively. T. gondii ESA treatment caused a delay in tumor growth, and the tumor size was significantly smaller in the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the Lewis2 group (P < 0.05). Conclusion T. gondii ESA may reduce the proportion of splenic Treg cells in splenocytes and inhibit tumor growth in mice carrying Lewis lung carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818503

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Toxoplasma gondii excretory-secretory antigens (ESA) on CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T (Treg) cells in mice carrying Lewis lung carcinoma, and examine the inhibitory effect of T. gondii ESA on tumor growth. Methods C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into the PBS group (n = 14) and the Lewis group (n = 34). Mice in the Lewis group were subcutaneously injected with 2 × 105 Lewis lung carcinoma cells in the right axilla, while animals in the PBS group were injected with the same volume of sterile PBS. On day 7 post-injection (D7), mice in the PBS group were further divided into the PBS2 group and the PBS2 + ESA group, of 7 mice in each group, and mice in the Lewis group were further divided into the Lewis2 group and the Lewis2 + ESA group, of 17 mice in each group. Then, mice in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group were intraperitoneally injected with 100 μL of ESA. The mouse spleen coefficient was calculated in each group 7 days post-injection with ESA, and the changes of Treg cell counts and the long-term tumor growth were measured in tumor-bearing mice. Results The spleen coefficient was significantly greater in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the PBS2 (0.66% ± 0.09% vs. 0.30% ± 0.02%, P < 0.05) and Lewis2 groups (0.69% ± 0.07% vs. 0.33% ± 0.03%, P < 0.05) 7 days post-treatment with ESA, respectively, and the percentage of splenic Treg cells in splenocytes was significantly lower in the PBS2 + ESA group and the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the PBS2 (1.28% ± 0.14% vs. 2.06% ± 0.07%, P < 0.05) and Lewis2 groups (1.58% ± 0.14% vs. 2.44% ± 0.23%, P < 0.05), respectively. T. gondii ESA treatment caused a delay in tumor growth, and the tumor size was significantly smaller in the Lewis2 + ESA group than in the Lewis2 group (P < 0.05). Conclusion T. gondii ESA may reduce the proportion of splenic Treg cells in splenocytes and inhibit tumor growth in mice carrying Lewis lung carcinoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733714

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical and imaging features, surgical strategy and prognosis in patients with brainstem gangliogliomas (GG). Methods The clinical data of 46 patients with brainstem GG from February 2010 to August 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical and imaging features, surgical methods and prognosis were reviewed. Results The age of 46 brainstem GG patients was (22.5 ± 4.6) years, the duration was (38.1 ± 8.9) months, and the most common symptoms were dizziness and headache, accounting for 47.8%(22/46). The MRI results showed that endogeny type was in 5 cases, exogenesis type in 10 cases, and endogeny-exogenesis type in 31 cases. The exogenesis type was enrolled as non-infiltrate brainstem group (10 cases), and the endogeny type and endogeny-exogenesis type were enrolled as infiltrate brainstem group (36 cases). The axial T1WI showed that the crescent sign was in 20 cases (43.5%, 20/46), and the sagittal T1WI showed that the patching sign was in 31 cases (67.4%, 31/46). Among all patients, total resection was achieved in 13 cases, near total resection in 9 cases, subtotal resection in 16 cases, partial resection in 7 cases and biopsy in 1 case. No operative death occurred. The patients were followed up for 3 to 87 (40.6 ± 12.8) months, and 5 patients died (all in infiltrate brainstem group). The progression- free survival in non- infiltrate brainstem group was significantly longer than that in infiltrate brainstem group:(46.0 ± 13.1) months vs. (19.5 ± 8.9) months, and there was statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusions Most brainstem GG has some unique MRI characteristics. Microsurgical resection might be preferred. Tumors that locate outside the brainstem can be fully removed. The long-term prognosis of brainstem GG is better.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 454-459, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805540

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of surgical treatment after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) for patients with cT4N+ colon cancer, and to explore whether the indication of NCT for colon cancer can be extended from cT4b to cT4N+ .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 40 patients with cT4N+ colon cancer who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical treatment was retrospectively analyzed. The safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical complications, R0 resection rate, tumor regression grade and prognosis were evaluated.@*Results@#Of the 40 patients, 23 were male and 17 were female; the median age was 57 years old. All patients were well tolerated with chemotherapy, and only one case (1/40, 2.5%) had grade 3 chemotherapy-related adverse event. They all underwent surgery after chemotherapy, and 95.0% (38/40) achieved microscopically clear resection (R0). Of the 11 patients with cT4b, 54.5% (6/11) had undergone multivisceral resection (MVR). Postoperative pathological results showed that 12 patients had moderate to severe tumor regression, including one(1/40, 2.5%) achieved pathologic complete response (pCR). 29(72.5%) and 22 (55.0%) patients achieved down-staging of tumor T stage and N stage, respectively. The occurrence of surgical complications was 22.5% (9/40), including one case of anastomotic leakage (1/40, 2.5%). The 3-year disease-free survival and overall survival of the whole group were 75.0% and 80.0%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe and effective for patients with cT4N+ colon cancer, therefore indications for neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer can be extended to cT4N+ stage.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710847

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the application of preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in evaluation the surgical risk and long-term prognosis for elderly patients with gastric cancer.Methods The clinical data of 205 patients aged ≥ 75 years with gastric cancer undergoing radical resection from January 2004 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.The PNI value was calculated by serum albumin (g/L) +5 x lymphocyte count (x 109/L).The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Youden's index was used to determine the value of PNI in surgical risk and prognosis of patients.Patients were divided into low PNI group and high PNI group based on the cut-off value,the clinicopathological characteristics,postoperative complications and long-term survival were compared between two groups.Results The average PNI value of 205 patients was 47.3 ± 5.5.When 44.9 was set as the cut-off value with the maximal Youden's index,the sensitivity and specificity of PNI were 0.86 and 0.47,respectively.There were statistically significant differences between the two groups of patients in age(t =-2.16,P =0.032),BMI (t =4.88,P =0.000),Charlson comorbidity score (x2 =7.77,P =0.005),gastric resection range (x2 =8.63,P =0.003),postoperative complications (x2 =9.46,P =0.002).The incidence of complications in the high PNI group was 24.8% (33/133),which was lower than that in the low PNI group (45.8%,33/72;x2 =9.46,P =0.002).Multivariate logistic analysis showed that age (P =0.032),Charlson coplications scal (CCS) (P =0.042) and PNI < 44.9 (P =0.027) were independent risk factors for postoperative complications;PNI < 44.9 (P =0.001),gastrectomy (P =0.011),lymph node dissection (P =0.000),tumor differentiation (P =0.001) and TNM stage (P =0.000) were independent prognostic factors for elderly patients with gastric cancer.Conclusions Prognostic nutritional index is a valuable clinical marker in evaluation of surgical risk and prognosis for elderly patients with gastric cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709779

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ulinastatin on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in preoperative sleep deprived aged rats.Methods Sixty clean healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 18 months,weighing 350-500 g,were divided into 3 groups (n=20 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sleep deprivation group (group D) and ulinastatin group (group U).Sleep deprivation was induced by using modified multiple platform method in D and U groups,and then splenectomy was performed in three groups.Ulinastatin 100 U/g was intraperitoneally injected before sleep deprivation and immediately after operation in group U.Ten rats were randomly selected at 3 days after operation and sacrificed,and hippocampi were removed for determination of the contents of interleukin-1β (IL-1β),IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Morris water maze test was performed at 3-7 days after operation in the rest ten rats in each group,and the escape latency and time of staying at the original platform were recorded.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged at 4-6 days after operation,the time of staying at the original platform was shortened,and the contents of IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α were increased at 3 days after operation in D and U groups (P<0.05).Compared with group D,the escape latency was significantly shortened at 4-6 days after operation,the time spent in the original platform was prolonged,and the contents of IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased at 3 days after operation in group U (P<0.05).Conclusion Ulinastatin can mitigate postoperative cognitive dysfunction in preoperative sleep deprived aged rats,which is related to inhibiting inflammatory responses.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1767-1775, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775145

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prospective real-life data on the safety and effectiveness of rituximab in Chinese patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or follicular lymphoma (FL) are limited. This real-world study aimed to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness outcomes of rituximab plus chemotherapy (R-chemo) as first-line treatment in Chinese patients with DLBCL or FL. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation management was also investigated.@*Methods@#A prospective, multicenter, single-arm, noninterventional study of previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL or FL patients receiving first-line R-chemo treatment at 24 centers in China was conducted between January 17, 2011 and October 31, 2016. Enrolled patients underwent safety and effectiveness assessments after the last rituximab dose and were followed up for 3 years. Effectiveness endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Safety endpoints were adverse events (AEs), serious AEs, drug-related AEs, and AEs of special interest. We also reported data on the incidence of HBV reactivation.@*Results@#In total, 283 previously untreated CD20-positive DLBCL and 31 FL patients from 24 centers were enrolled. Three-year PFS was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50-67%) for DLBCL patients and 46% (95% CI: 20-69%) for FL patients. For DLBCL patients, multivariate analyses showed that PFS was not associated with international prognostic index, tumor maximum diameter, HBV infection status, or number of rituximab treatment cycles, and OS was only associated with age >60 years (P < 0.05). R-chemo was well tolerated. The incidence of HBV reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive and HBsAg-negative/hepatitis B core antibody-positive patients was 13% (3/24) and 4% (3/69), respectively.@*Conclusions@#R-chemo is effective and safe in real-world clinical practice as first-line treatment for DLBCL and FL in China, and that HBV reactivation during R-chemo is manageable with preventive measures and treatment.@*Trial Registration@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01340443; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01340443.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , China , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Drug Therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Vincristine
13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1084-1086, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691919

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of medication compliance in the patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN)and its influencing factors.Methods The cross-sectional survey method was adopted to investigate the status quo of medi-cation compliance among PHN patients in the pain clinic of the Southwest Hospital of Army Military Medical University from Janu-ary of 2014 to March of 2015.Then the influence factors of medication compliance were analyzed by using the using the Logistic re-gression method.Results A total of 396 PHN patients were included 52.3% of patients had good medication compliance,while 47.7% had poor compliance.The univariate analysis showed that the age,educational level,marital status,living condition,economic status,degree of pain,disease course,medical insurance reimbursement,adverse drug reactions and complicating other diseases were the factors affecting the medication compliance(P<0.05).The multivariate Logistic regression analysis results showed that the age,educational level,marital status,living condition,economic status,degree of pain,disease course,medical insurance reimburse-ment,adverse drug reactions and complicating other diseases were the factors affecting the medication compliance.Conclusion The medication compliance in the patients with PHN is not high,there are many factors affecting the medication compliance.It is recom-mended to carry out the health education,strengthen the psychological intervention of the patients and establish the follow-up medi-cation compliance system for improving the medication compliance.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311380

ABSTRACT

We established a diagnostic model to predict acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumonia) infection in elderly Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients. We divided 456 patients into acute and non-acute M. pneumoniae infection groups. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to establish a predictive model. The following independent factors were identified: age ⋝ 70 years; serum cTNT level ⋝ 0.05 ng/mL; lobar consolidation; mediastinal lymphadenopathy; and antibody titer in the acute phase ⋝ 1:40. The area under the ROC curve of the model was 0.923 and a score of ⋝ 7 score predicted acute M. pneumoniae infection in elderly patients with CAP. The predictive model developed in this study has high diagnostic accuracy for the identification of elderly acute M. pneumoniae infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , Community-Acquired Infections , Diagnosis , Humans , Middle Aged , Models, Biological , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256039

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the effect of Aralia echinocaulis containing serum on expression of β-catenin, Wnt-1, Frizzed-2, TCF and Axin in Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway of primary osteoblasts. SD healthy female rats (n=80) were used to make A. echinocaulis containing serum by gastric perfusion for seven days with distilled water, A. echinocaulis decoction high dosage, middle dosage, and low dosage. In vitro, primary osteoblasts were cultured and identified. The third generation primary osteoblasts were taken and cultured for 48 h, then cells were treated with the different drug serums for 10 days and calcified nodules were counted by alizarin red staining. The cells were collected after treatment for 48 h and the expression levels of β-catenin, Wnt-1, Frizzled-2, TCF and Axin were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blot. The results suggested that the in vitro cells were primary osteoblasts; and after treatment, various doses groups could promote the mineralization ability of primary osteoblasts, up-regulate the mRNA and protein expression levels of β-catenin, Wnt-1, Frizzled-2, and TCF, and down-regulate the mRNA and protein expression levels of Axin. These findings indicated that A. echinocaulis containing serum can enhance the differentiation and proliferation of osteoblasts by regulating the expression levels of β-catenin, Wnt-1, Frizzled-2, TCF and Axin in Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway of primary osteoblasts.

16.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2255-2258, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669050

ABSTRACT

AIM To explore the effects of Shexiang Wulong Pills (Moschus Artifactus,Aconiti Radix Cocta,Pheretima,etc.) drug serum on the expression levels of miR-146a,miR-130 and miR-223 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).METHODS PBMCs were extracted from blood of 30 cases of RA patients,cells were divided into three groups,blank control group,serum-free groupand Shexiang Wulong Pills drug serum group.After 48 hours,total RNA was extracted,then the expression levels of three miRs were detected by RT-PCR.RESULTS Compared with the serum-free group,the expression levels of miR-146a,miR-130 and miR-223 in the Shexiang Wulong Pills drug serum group were significantly decreased (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION Shexiang Wulong Pills can inhibit inflammation in RA patients by down-regulating the expression levels of miR-223,miR-130 and miR-146a in PBMCs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665265

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Posterior internal fixation is one of the most common methods for thoracolumbar fractures. There is a lack of systematic evaluation about the efficacy of injured vertebra pedicle screw fixation(IVPSF)versus short-segment pedicle instrumentation (SSPI) for thoracolumbar fracture. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of IVPSF and SSPI for single thoracolumbar fracture through a METHODS: A computer-based on-line research of PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and WanFang databases was performed for the studies regarding IVPSF versus SSPI for thoracolumbar fracture from 1990 to 2016. meta-analysis. The randomized controlled trials and cohort studies were collected based on the strict criteria of inclusion and exclusion. A meta-analysis was conducted on Revman5.3 sofeware. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Eleven articles were enrolled, including 5 English and 6 Chinese ones, involving 689 patients (328 cases for IVPSF and 361 cases for SSPI). (2) The meta-analysis indicated that the operation time, blood loss and mean hospital stay showed no significant differences between two groups. IVPSF showed more effective than SSPI in the kyphotic angle correction and anterior vertebral height recovery at postoperation and 1-5 years of follow-up. Moreover, the incidence of postoperative fixation failure in IVPSF was lower than that in SSPI. (3) These findings suggest that IVPSF that reduces the postoperative fixation failure rate for thoracolumbar fractures provides better kyphosis correction and restoration of anterior vertebral height at post-operation and 1-5 years of follow-up.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659861

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the specificity and sensitivity of coagulation four and D-dimer in early diagnosis of hypertension in pregnancy and its clinical significance. Methods 120 cases of pregnant women with pregnancy induced hypertension in department of Laboratory, the third affiliated hospital of Jinzhou medical university from February to December in 2016, were enrolled in the observation group. According to their different conditions of disease, including 50 cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension, 40 cases of mild preeclampsia, 30 cases of severe preeclampsia. 30 cases of normal pregnant women were selected as the control group. The coagulation and the D-dimer of the pregnancy-induced hypertension group and the control group were detected. Results The D-dimer (D-D) and fibrinogen (FIB) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, the prothrombin time (PT), the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and the thrombin time (TT) were shorter than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The levels of PT, APTT and TT in severe preeclampsia group were lower than those in the pregnancy-induced hypertension group, D-D and FIB were higher than those in pregnancy-induced hypertension group, and severe preeclampsia was lower than that in mild preeclampsia group. D-D, FIB were higher than mild preeclampsia group, APTT in the mild preeclampsia group lower than the pregnancy-induced hypertension group, DD, FIB higher than the pregnancy-induced hypertension group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Specificity and sensitivity of coagulation and D-dimer were higher than coagulation four, D-D dimer detection. Conclusion Coagulation and D-dimer are great value in the early diagnosis of hypertension and the severity of pregnancy. Joint detection could improve the specificity and sensitivity of diagnosis.

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